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tlarbarb  College  Itbrorp 


BRIGHT  LEGACY 

Oae  half  die  iaeoac  ftoa  tkl*  Ltgicy,  which  wu  re- 
ceived In  iMo  uider  the  will  of 

JONATHAN  BROWN  BRIGHT 
of  Wiltham,  MaMachuettt,  b  to  be  expended  for  book* 
for  the  CoU^  Library.    The  other  half  of  the  income 
ii  deroted  to  teholanhiM  in  Harvard  Unlvenltj  for  the 
beneflt  of  detceadantt  of 

HENRY  BRIGHT,  JR., 
who  died  at  Waiartown.  MasMchnsctts,  in  1686.  In  the 
abacnce  of  nich  deaeendantt,  other  pevMnt  are  eligible 
to  the  teholardhipe.  The  will  reqniret  that  thla  annovace- 
aent  shall  be  aade  in  ercrj  book  added  to  the  Librarf 
aader  Ita  ptorisiona. 


A  History  of  Rehoboth 
Massachusetts 

ITS  HISTORY  FOR  «76  YEARS 
1648-1918 

IN  WHICH   IS  INCORPORATED  THE  VITAL  PARTS  OF  THE 

ORIGINAL  HISTORY  OF  THE  TOWN,  PUBLISHED  IN 

IS»,  AND  WRITTBN  BY  LEONARD  BLISS,  Jm. 

By  Rev.  GEORGE  H.  TILTON,  A.M. 


Jtekoboth,  the  Lord  hath  made  room  for  ui.— Gen.  S6  :  SS. 


BOSTON,  MASS.: 
PU^SHED  BY  THE  AU^HORv 


as  /3iJ.B'^Jo 


To  open  this  book  properly  see  pfige  ^10, 


•  \ »  >.   1.11/ ,  ■^». 
luN 


I 


COPYRIOHT,  1918 

By  Gborgi  Hbmby  Tif.Tov 


Loots  E.  Crosscup  Co.,  Pbintkri 
Boston,  MAasAcnosKTT* 


-g£f^trn^!A0t  J^^h4^,  /i^ 


TO  TIIK  PKOrLK  OF 

REHOBOTH 

WnOBE  NOBLE  ANCESTORS    EXEMPLIFIED 

THE  LARGE  FREEDOM  OF  THE  PILGRIM  FATHERS 

AND   WHOSE  SONS  AND   DAUGHTERS 

ARE  DOING   BRAVELY  THEIR   PART  IN  THE  WORLD's   WORK 

IS  DEDICATED   WITH  THE  SINCERE  REGARDS   OF 

THE  AUTHOR 


FOREWORD 

Leonard  Bliss,  Jr.,  published  his  ''History  of  Rehoboth"  in 
1836.  His  special  merit  consisted  in  culling  from  the  old  town 
and  proprietors'  records  and  those  of  the  Plymouth  Colony  the 
annak  and  documents  which  constitute  the  larger  part  of  his  book. 
"I  designed  the  volume,"  he  writes,  "to  be  a  collection  of  well 
authenticated  facts."  These  were  wisely  edited  and  are  the 
foundation  facts  upon  which  the  present  author  and  all  who 
follow  him  must  depend.  To  this  gifted  young  writer  we  gladly 
acknowledge  our  obligation  and  avail  ourselves  freely  of  his 
material. 

But  in  the  four-score  years  and  more  since  Bliss's  book  was 
issued  much  new  material  has  come  to  light,  and  many  important 
events  have  occurred,  including  those  of  the  Civil  War.  The 
time  seems  ripe  for  supplementing  the  earlier  history  and  for 
bringing  all  subsequent  events  down  to  the  present  time.  The 
new  history  follows  with  Bliss  the  order  of  time  in  the  early  part: 
Blackstone  and  Roger  Williams,  pioneer  dwellers  in  the  old  town, 
opened  the  way  for  the  Hingham  and  Weymouth  Colony  under 
Samuel  Newman  in  1643-4.  King  Philip's  War  is  given  con- 
siderable space,  as  it  had  its  beginning  on  the  borders  and  its 
ending  within  the  limits  of  Rehoboth  and  caused  great  distress 
to  the  inhabitants.  The  war  of  the  Revolution  is  more  fully  set 
forth  than  in  the  older  history  and  much  new  matter  is  introduced. 
Then  follows  an  account  of  the  old  Militia  of  Bristol  County 
and  the  soldiers  of  tlie  Civil  War.  The  history  of  each  of  the 
churches  is  given  from  its  organization  to  the  present  time,  or  to 
its  end  in  case  of  lapse.  The  early  history  of  the  Newman  Church 
is  closely  identified  with  the  progress  of  the  town,  as  both  were 
under  one  government  down  to  1759.  The  Palmer's  River  Church, 
formed  in  1721,  has  a  long  and  interesting  record  and  is  given 
ample  space.  The  several  Baptist  Churches  also,  of  which  three 
were  of  the  six-principle  order,  have  been  thoroughly  studied  and 
their  merits  fairly  written. 

Then  follow  chapters  on  Education,  the  Antiquarian  Society, 
Agriculture,  Native  Trees,  Cemeteries,  and  various  miscellaneous 
topics  of  importance. 


vi  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

The  Biographical  section  of  the  book  contains  carefully  written 
sketches  of  more  than  a  hundred  men  and  women,  and  special 
pains  have  been  taken'  to  enrich  the  family  names  with  much 
genealogical  material. 

The  ample  illustrations  throughout  the  volume,  whether  of 
persons  and  places,  or  maps,  diagrams  and  facsimiles,  speak  for 
themselves  and  we  trust  will  justify  their  presence  in  the  book. 

We  would  call  attention  to  the  three  groups  of  fifty-one  teachers, 
of  which  the  town  may  well  be  proud. 

The  writer  would  acknowledge  his  great  indebtedness  to  all  who 
have  assisted  him  in  his  exacting  enterprise:  to  the  historian, 
Hon.  Thomas  Williams  Bicknell,  formerly  identified  with  the  edu- 
cational affairs  of  the  town,  for  many  courtesies  and  for  his  sym- 
pathetic interest  in  every  phase  of  the  work;  to  Dr.  Horace  Everett 
Horton,  in  whose  veins  flows  the  blood  of  some  of  Rehoboth's  best 
families,  for  his  constant  encouragement  and  for  his  helpful  sugges- 
tions concerning  affairs  of  the  olden  time;  to  Mrs.  Abbie  W.  Marvel 
for  securing  names  and  sketches  of  teachers  represented  in  groups, 
and  for  her  unfailing  efforts  for  the  success  of  the  book;  and  to 
Hon.  Geo.  N.  Goff  for  the  loan  of  old  and  valuable  documents 
shedding  light  upon  the  past. 

In  regard  to  the  spelling  of  proper  names  we  have  tried  to  fol- 
low the  custom  of  the  families  referred  to,  but  where  they  differ, 
who  can  steer  a  consistent  course?  In  a  single  graveyard  the 
name  Pierce  was  written  five  different  ways.  Again  we  have 
Miller,  Millerd  and  Millard;  Read  and  Reed;  Allen  and  Allyn,  etc. 

We  trust  the  History  may  prove  valuable  for  reference,  as  well 
as  a  souvenir  companion  for  the  fireside. 

In  concluding  this  preface,  we  take  pleasure  in  acknowledging 
our  great  indebtedness  to  Marsden  Jasiel  Perry,  successful  banker 
and  man  of  affairs,  lover  of  Nature  and  patron  of  the  fine  arts, 
and  distinguished  collector  of  rare  Shakesperiana,  for  generous 
financial  aid  in  publishing  the  history  of  his  native  town.  But  for 
this  timely  help,  with  the  world  at  war  and  expenses  multiplied, 
the  book  could  not  have  been  issued  without  loss.  To  this  worthy 
descendant  of  Anthony  Perry  is  due  peculiar  honor  for  meeting 
two-fifths  of  the  large  expense  of  this  History,  thus  affording  com- 
fort and  stimulus  to  the  writer. 


CONTENTS 

CNArTBR  FAOB 

Introduction 1 

I.    Earlt  Settlers  and  Annals 5 

William  Blackstone 6 

Roger  WiUiams 12 

Samuel  Newman 18 

Annals  and  Documents 18 

11.     King  Philip's  War 62 

III.  The  Revolutionary  War  and  Events  Following   ....  114 

IV.  The  Bristol  County  Militia 147 

V.     Soldiers  op  the  Civil  War 155 

VI.    The  Churches  of  Rehoboth 172 

Congregational  Church      172 

Oak  Swamp  Church 195 

Uornbine  Church 203 

Annawan  Church 207 

Irons  or  Free  Will  Church 210 

Methodist  Episcopal  Church 212 

Elder  Feck's  Church        215 

VII.     The  Frogress  of  Education 216 

VIII.    The  Teachers  of  Rehoboth 225 

IX.     The  Rehoboth  Antiquarian  Society 234 

X.     Rehoboth  Agriculture 247 

XI.     Native  Trees 255 

XII.     Rehoboth  Manufactures      265 

XIII.  Rehoboth  Cemeteries 275 

The  Village  Yard 275 

Falincr's  River 278 

The  Feck  Yard 283 

Burial  Place  Hill 284 

Cole  Brook  and  Joshua  Fierce  Yards 287 

Stevens  Corner 291 

Briggs  Corner 203 

Smaller  Yards 295 

XIV.  Biographical  Sketches 305 

XV.  Miscellaneous  Topics 393 

Rehoboth  Roads 393 

Silk  Culture 395 

The  Annawan  Club 396 

The  Goff  Gathering  Association 397 

The  Great  Freshet 397 

Rehoboth  Detecting   Society 398 

Old  Records 39«> 

Some  Old  Rehoboth  Customs 403 

Old  Rehoboth  Lists 408 

A  Voice  from  the  Grave 409 

Notes 410 

Rehoboth  Men  in  the  National  Army,  1918 410 

Index 411 


•  • 


VII 


MAPS  AND  ILLUSTRATIONS 

Facing  pa§e 

-'Geo  H.  Tilton i 

'L.  Buss,  Jb iii 

^Marsdbn  J.  Pbrbt vi 

'Map  op  Old  Rbboboth xi 

«Map  op  Bristol  County 1 

•Stbbbts  op  Rbboboth 3 

^Ibons  Mebting-housb 4 

^Blackstonb  Monument  (two  views) 12-13 

'  Gabbison  Houses 69 

,^A8ABbl  Buss  and  Anna  wan  Rock.  —  Walteb  Buss  Frost  .    .    .     82-3 

^Facsimile  Receipts.  —  Willbtt  Monument 130-1 

^Ellebt  L.  Gopp.  —  Fbank  II.  Horton      144-5 

«CoL.  Ltndal  Bowen.  —  Major  Geo.  W.  Buss 146-7 

'Angle-tree  Monument.  —  Mr.  and  Mrs.  S.  L.  Peirce 154-5 

'Francis  A.  Buss.  —  Wiluam  II.  Lutheb 156-7 

-'Capt.  Constant  S.  Hobton. — Lieut.  Amos  M.  Bowen  and  Wm.  M. 

P.  Bowen 168-9 

^HOBNBINB   ChUBCH    AND   ScHOOL.  —  WiLUAM   ThATCHEB 202-3 

'Rbv.  Gbobgb  II.  Hobton. — Welcome  F.  Horton 20&-7 

TuBUo  School  at  Gopp  Memobial  Hall 216 

'ConobeoationalChubch;  OldPabsonaoe;  PbrsbntPabsonage.    .       217 
^Thomas  W.  Bicknell.  —  Amelia  D.  (Blanding)  Bicknell  .    .    .    .  220-1 

*John  C.  Mabvel.  —  Fbedbbick  W.  Mabvel 224-5 

^Rehoboth  Teachebs,  Group  I.  —  Christopher  C.  Viall 226-7 

'Rehoboth  Teachebs,  Group  II.  —  Charles  Pbbrt 228^9 

*  Rbboboth  Teachebs,  Group  III.  —  Scuoolhouse  and  Village.    .   230-1 
*Old  Gopp  Inn 235 

*  FiBST  AND  Second  Memorial  Halls.  —  Village  Scene  and  Factory  236-7 
-^Antiquabian  Reucs.  —  Mb.  and  Mbs.  John  A.  Buppinton    .    .    .   238-9 

^Flax  and  Wool  Implements 239 

"Hon.  Dabius  Gopp.  —  George  N.  Gopp  and  Mrs.  Gopp 242-3 

^Wh  EATON -Horton  Group. — Farm  Scenes 248-9 

'Henry  T.  Horton.  —  Jeremiah  W.  Horton 250-1 

^Wiluam  W.  Blanding.  —  Reuben  Bowen 252-3 

^  Lewis  Tavern  and  Grange  Hall.  —  Grenville  Stevens  ....   254-5 

^Plantation  op  White  Pine  (two  views) 260-1 

^Wiluam  A.  King. —  Benjamin  Peck  and  Orleans  Factory  .   .    .  268^9 


MAPS  AND  ILLUSTRATIONS  ix 

Facing  page 

^George  Pease  Baker. — John  F.  Baker      306 

'Abbt  M.  Baker. — Anna  wan  Club  House  and  Hill-Crest  .    .    .       307 
« Johnstone  Black. — Deacon  and  Mrs.  Gustavus  A.  Reed  .    .    .  312-3 

-IIannah  T.  (Munroe)  Bliss.  —  Frederic  W.  Bliss 318^9 

'Dr.  George  D.  Bliss.  —  The  Coles  op  three  generations.    .    .  320-1 

/Leonard  C.  Bliss.  —  Elmer  J.  Bliss 324-5 

'Charlotte  W.  (Feck)  Brown. —  Walter  De  F.  Brown     ....  332-3 

\  William  Dexter  Bullock.  —  Gov.  John  W.  Davis 338-9 

^G.  Hiram  and  Arthur  Harold  Goff.  —  Isaac  L.  Goff 350-1 

>/ Hiram  Lake,  M.D.  —  Old  Houses 359-60 

« Clarence  A.  Munroe.  —  Bbnj.  F.  Munroe 365-6 

/Philip  A.  Munroe.  —  Addison  P.  Munroe 366-7 

^Dr.  George  Pierce  Baker.  —  Drs.  Edgar  and  Arthur  R.  Pjbbrt  .  372-3 

^Paschal  E.  Wilmarth.  —  John  F.  Marvel 391-2 

'  Folding  Map last  page 


KEY  TO  MAP 

Outer  boiuMUry  =  Rehoboth  in  iti  greateit  extent. 

WJBtEJMss  Boundary  of  originml  Rehoboth,  including  Wanoamoiiet. 

///////  sSUte  line. 

North  Purchaae,  1661;  became  Attleborough,  including  "The  Gore,"  Ine. 
1694. 

Attleborough  Gore  became  Cumberland,  R.I.,  1747. 

Seekonk  set  off  from  Rehoboth,  1812. 

Pawtucket  set  off  from  Seekonk,  1828. 

Eait  Providence  set  off  from  Seekonk,  1862. 
®  Blackitone. 

®  Roger  Willianu'  settlement  in  Seekonk,  1636. 

®  Wannamoiset,  ward  of  Rehoboth  till  1667,  after  that  a  part  of  Swaneea 
and  Harrington  till  1747,  when  it  came  into  Rehoboth. 
®  The  Rehoboth  of  to-day  and  since  1812. 
®  Seekonk  at  present  and  since  1862. 
®  North  Purchase,  including  Attleborough  and  "The  Gore." 

Nora— North  Attleboroufh  wm  set  off  from  Attleboroucli  in  liST. 


WREHrHAM 


^    B/i/sroL  CO. 


INTRODUCTION 

^  LD  Itchoboth  was  one  of  the  fairest  districts  of  New 
ICiigland,  bordered  on  the  west  by  the  beautiful 
Blackstone,  called  by  the  Indians  "Pawtucket," 
which  at  last  under  the  name  of  the  Providence 
Uiver  mingles  its  waters  with  tliose  of  the  blue 
jSs^^K  Nairagansett.  Its  inland  surface  is  partly  level 
3i"K^SMC  .^nd  partly  diversified  by  hills  and  valleys,  streams 
md  meadows,  with  foresLs  of  oak,  maple,  pine, 
and  cedar.  It  is  delightfully  broken  by  elevations  attractive  to  the 
eye;  namely,  Jacob's  Hill,  Rocky  Hill,  Long  Hill,  Great  Meadow 
Hill,  anrl  Mt.  Tcrrydiddle,  which  in  turn  command  views  of  great 
loveliness.  Its  climate  is  unsurpassed  in  New  England  for  its 
salubrity,  compared  by  Pastor  Rogerson  to  his  native  England  for 
its  pleasing  Viiriety,  its  general  mildness  and  its  healthfulness;  and 
much  of  its  soil  is  capable  of  large  harvests  in  grain,  vegetables 
and  fruits. 

Itchoboth  was  fortunate  in  the  quality  of  its  early  settlers, 
vfao  set  a  worthy  exat>~  ~le  tor  those  coming  after  them.  The 
ruits  of  that  hbtoric  u-  were  comely  and  wholesome.  More 
hings  of  note  have  occuTPd  within  the  bounds  of  the  old  town 
.ban  even  its  children  a'  t  of.  They  were  strong  mer  -"'lo  won 
he  victories  of  those  early  days,  felling  the  dense  forest  duing 

he  wild  beasU,  building  homes  and  churches,  erectinj  j  rude  shops 
or  the  carpenter,  the  blacksmith,  the  wheelwright,  the  cooper, 
id  the  shoemaker,  while  at  the  same  time  wresting  a  living  from 
le  soil  and  the  waters.  In  many  things  they  led  the  way  fcr  other 
.ommunities;  for  within  the  bounds  of  old  Rehoboth  was  formed 
thefirst  Baptist  Church  in  Massachusetts,  with  its  triumphant  asser- 
tion of  the  principles  of  human  liberty,  the  right  to  worship  God  ac- 
cording to  one's  own  conscience.  Herewas  the  first  exampleof  free 
public  schools,  supported  by  a  tax  on  all  the  inhabitants.  Here 
Elder  Samuel  Peck  illustrated  tlie  autonomy  of  the  local  church  by 
organizing  and  maintaining  a  useful  body  of  Christian  believers 
for  more  than  forty  years.  Here  on  the  East  Branch  of  Palmer's 
River,  early  in  the  eighteenth  century,  Ebenezer  Peck  erected  his 
famous  iron  forging  privilege  which  made  the  Meadow  Hill  region 


4  HISTORY  OF  EEHOBOTH 

roads  that  lead  by  the  old  homesteads,  while  one's  imagination 
clothes  them  with  incident  and  legend,  and  peoples  them  with  the 
spirits  of  past  years.  One  will  more  fully  realize  and  enjoy  the 
comforts  of  the  present  day  as  one  compares  them  with  the  meager 
advantages  of  the  olden  time." 

Rehoboth,  encircled  as  she  is  by  growing  cities,  is  destined  to  be- 
come a  vast  market-garden,  as  well  as  a  suburban  home  where 
families  of  wealth  and  refinement  will  deUght  to  dwell. 


•■"'  7  m /^Ss'A  /  Yf  V-.- 

J    ilii?isi!l¥l  prralll  M.    H    4V 


:j  i  I.1U: 


'■''^ifm'^  ^'.. 


THE  IRONS  MRETING-HOtlSE,  1777  to  1837 
In  on  Oak  Grove.  Briggs  Corner.     Dniwn  by  Win.  Illnniliiig,  M,D. 


CHAPTER  I. 

EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS 

[It  may  be  of  interest  to  note  the  meaning  of  certain  Indian 
names  referred  to  in  this  history:  — 

Seekonk  (variously  spelled) :  On  or  at  the  mouth  of  a  stream 

(Tooker).    Another  interpretation  is  "Black  Goose":  seaki, 

black,  and  honk,  goose  (Williams). 
Wannamoiset:  At  a  good  fishing  place. 
Pawtucket:  The  place  of  the  great  falls. 
Massassoii  (variously  written) :  The  great  King;  massa,  great, 

and  assotj  king. 
Osamequin  (spelled  variously) :   Another  name  for  Massassoit. 

The  yellow  feather;    from  oiLsa^  yellow,  and  mequin,  a 

feather. 
Pokanoket:  Cleared  land  or  country. 
Wampanoag:  The  people  of  the  Eastland. 
SowaTtis:  The  South  country  or  Southward. 
Wav>epoon8eag:  The  place  where  birds  are  snared  or  taken. 
Kickemuit:  At  the  great  spring. 
Touissett:  At  or  about  the  old  fields. 
Sliawmut:  A  spring  of  water.] 

The  old  town  of  Ilehoboth  comprised  in  its  greatest  extent  the 
present  town,  together  with  Seekonk,  East  Providence,  Paw- 
tucket, Attlcborough,  North  Attleborough,  Cumberland,  R.I., 
and  that  part  of  old  Swansea  (afterwards  Barrington)  which  was 
called  by  the  Indians  Wannamoiset. 

The  first  purchase  of  land  for  the  settlement  of  the  town  was 
made  of  Massassoit  in  1641:  **a  tract  eight  miles  square"  (really 
ten),  and  embraced  what  now  constitutes  the  towns  of  Rehoboth, 
Seekonk,  the  First  and  Second  Wards  of  Pawtucket,  and  East 
Providence. 

The  second  purchase  was  a  small  tract  known  as  Wannamoiset, 
which  in  1645  became  a  possession  of  John  Brown  and  a  ward  of 
Rehoboth.  This  tract  was  included  in  Swansea  when  that  town 
was  incorporated  in  1667,  but  reverted  to  Rehoboth  in  1747,  at 
least  the  larger  part  of  it,  and  the  "Neck"  is  now  known  as  Bul- 

151 


6  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

lock's  Point.  While  Swansea  embraced  at  first,  besides  the  present 
town,  Somerset,  Barrington,  and  the  greater  part  of  Warren, 
there  is  no  ground  for  the  impression  that  it  ever  included  within 
its  bounds  any  part  of  Rehoboth  beyond  the  scanty  though  some- 
what indefinite  area  of  Wannamoiset.^ 

The  third  and  last  purchase  was  the  "North  Purchase"  in  1661, 
now  forming  Attleborough  and  North  Attleborough,  Mass.,  and 
Cumberland,  R.I.  The  North  Purchase  was  incorporated  into  a 
separate  town,  by  the  name  of  Attleborough,  in  1694;  and  this 
was  subdivided  in  1746-7,  the  "Gore"  becoming  Cumberland, 
while  North  Attleborough  was  set  off  in  1887. 

The  first  white  settler  within  the  original  limits  of  Rehoboth  was 
William  Blackstone.  He  lived  in  what  is  now  the  village  of  Lons- 
dale in  Cumberland,  R.I.,  on  the  river  which  bears  his  name, 
about  three  miles  above  Pawtucket. 

He  came  to  this  country  from  England  about  the  year  1625  and 
settled  on  the  peninsula  of  Shawmut,  now  the  city  of  Boston.  All 
we  know  of  him  before  this  is  that  he  was  a  nonconformist  minis- 
ter of  the  established  church  in  England;  and  that  not  willing 
to  endure  "the  tyranny  of  the  Lord-Bishops,"  he  left  the  mother 
country  and  sought  an  asylum  in  the  wilds  of  North  America. 
He  remained  in  quiet  possession  of  his  Shawmut  estate  until  the 
arrival  of  Governor  Winthrop  and  his  company  in  June,  1630. 
They  first  located  at  Charlestown;  but  scarcity  of  water  and  sick- 
ness soon  made  them  discontented  and  they  began  to  scatter. 
Then  "good  William  Blackstone,  with  true  hospitality,  came  in 
their  distress  to  tell  them  there  was  a  fine  spring  of  pure  water  at 
Shawmut  and  to  invite  them  there"  (S.  A.  Drake,  "Around  the 

^It  is  a  mistake  often  made  to  suppose  that  the  present  towns  of  Swansea 
and  Barrington  were  ever  included  within  the  limits  of  Rehoboth,  although 
at  6rst  the  land  was  held  by  her  by  police  tenure  (Bliss,  p.  52).  The  early 
settlers  had  land  interests  in  Sowams,  including  salt-meadows  near  Hundred 
Acre  Cove»  some  of  which  are  still  owned  by  their  descendants;  the  two  places, 
however,  are  quite  distinct  (BicknelPs  Sowams,  p.  141).  The  onlv  part  of 
Sowams,  afterwards  Swansea  and  Barrington,  ever  claimed  by  Rehoboth  was 
Wannamoiset.  This  tract  of  border  land  (with  twelve  acres  at  Wachemoquit) 
the  town  of  Rehoboth  authorized  John  Brown  to  purchase,  which  he  did  in 
1645,  for  the  sum  of  fifteen  pounds.  After  1667  it  was  included  in  old  Swansea, 
afterwards  Barrington,  until  1747,  when  a  line  three  miles  in  length  was  run 
directly  northeast  from  the  south  end  of  Wannamoiset  Neck  (Bullock's  Point) 
to  a  bound  near  Runen*8  River,  and  that  line  was  extended  three  miles  from 
the  shore  of  the  Bay,  which  brought  the  present  towns  of  Barrington,  Warren 
and  Bristol  into  Rhode  Island.  Wannamoiset  Neck,  thus  cut  off,  became  a 
part  of  Rehoboth,  remaining  so  until  1812,  when  Seckonk  was  set  otT  and  it 
was  thenceforth  included  within  that  town  until  1862,  when  it  became  a  part 
of  East  Providence,  R.I. 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS  7 

Hub,"  ch.  II.).    And  they,  "liking  that  plain  neck  that  was  then 
called  Blackstone's  Neck,"  accepted  the  invitation. 

Blackstone's  cottage  stood  near  a  spring  on  the  south  end  of  the 
peninsula  on  a  point  of  land  called  Blackstone's  Point.  Here 
he  cultivated  a  garden  and  planted  an  orchard,  the  first  in  New 
England.  He  was  the  first  to  take  the  freeman's  oath, — 
May  18,  1631,  —  before  the  privilege  was  limited  to  church 
members. 

In  the  year  1628  the  settlers  of  Plymouth  made  a  tax  on  all  the 
plantations  to  support  a  campaign  against  one  Morton  of  Merry 
Mount  (now  Wollaston),  and  Mr.  Blackstone  of  Shawmut  was 
taxed  twelve  shillings,  which  shows  that  his  estate  was  considered 
of  importance. 

There  is  no  reason  to  suspect  any  serious  trouble  between  him 
and  his  neighbors,  but  Blackstone  had  no  sympathy  with  their 
narrow  and  intolerant  views  of  religion,  and  being  fond  of  solitude 
he  preferred  to  seek  another  retreat  where  he  might  enjoy  his 
own  opinions  unmolested.  The  colonists  recognized  his  right  in 
the  peninsula  by  setting  off  to  him  fifty  acres,  April  1,  1633.  On 
Nov.  10, 1634,  he  sold  his  right  and  title  to  this  land  to  the  inhabi- 
tants of  Boston,  each  one  paying  him  six  shillings  and  some  of 
them  more.  A  reservation  of  six  acres  out  of  the  fifty  was  made 
for  him  where  his  house  stood. 

At  a  general  meeting  upon  public  notice  it  was  agreed  to  make 
and  assess  "a  rate  of  £30  to  Mr.  Blackstone,"  which  sum  was 
paid  him  for  his  lands,  as  will  appear  from  the  following  deposition: 

"The  deposition  of  John  Odlin,  aged  about  eighty- two  yeares, 
Robert  Walker,  aged  about  seventy-eight  yeares,  Francis  Hudson, 
aged  about  sixty-eight  yeares,  and  William  Lytherland,  aged 
about  seventy-six  yeares.  These  Deponents  being  ancient  dwellers 
and  inhabitants  of  the  town  of  Boston  in  New-England,  from  the 
first  planting  and  settling  thereof,  and  continuing  so  at  this  day, 
do  jointly  testify  and  depose  that  in  or  about  the  yeare  of  our 
Lord  one  thousand  six  hundred  thirty-and-four  the  then  present 
inhabitants  of  said  town  of  Boston  (of  whome  the  Honourable 
John  Winthrop,  Esq.  Governour  of  the  Colony  was  chief e)  did 
treate  and  agree  with  Mr.  William  Blackstone  for  the  purchase 
of  his  estate  and  right  in  any  lands  lying  within  the  said  neck  of 
land  called  Boston,  and  for  said  purchase  agreed  that  every 
householder  should  pay  six  shillings,  which  was  accordingly 
collected,  none  paying  less,  some  considerably  more  than  six 
shillings,  and  the  said  sume  collected  was  delivered  and  paid  to 


8  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Mr.  Blackstone  to  his  full  content  and  satisfaction,  in  consider- 
ation whereof  hee  sold  unto  the  then  inhabitants  of  said  town 
and  their  heirs  and  assigns  forever  his  whole  right  and  interest  in 
all  and  every  of  the  lands  lying  within  the  said  neck,  reserving 
onely  unto  himselfe  about  six  acres  of  land  on  the  point  commonly 
called  Blackstone's  Point,  on  part  whereof  his  then  dwelling 
house  stood;  after  which  purchase  the  town  laid  out  a  place  for 
a  trayning  field;   which  ever  since  and  now  is  used  for  that  pur- 

Eose,  and  for  the  feeding  of  cattell:  Robert  Walker  and  William 
ytherland  farther  testify  that  Mr.  Blackstone  bought  a  stock  of 
cows  with  the  money  hee  received  as  above,  and  removed  and 
dwelt  near  Providence,  where  hee  lived  till  the  day  of  his  death. 

"Deposed  this  10th  day  of  June  1684,  by  John  Odlin,  Robert 
Walker,  Francis  Hudson,  and  William  Lytherland  according  to 
their  respective  testimonys. 

"Befor  us 

**S.  Bradstreet,  Governor, 

"Sam.  Sewall,  Assist." 

(Snow's  Hist,  of  Boston,  pp.  50-51.) 

A  few  months  later,  in  the  year  1635,  this  eccentric  man  again 
bade  adieu  to  the  abodes  of  civilization  and  moved  westward  into 
the  wilderness  in  search  of  an  asylum. 

The  place  he  now  selected  was  the  Attleborough  Gore  of  history, 
on  the  east  bank  of  the  river  that  perpetuates  his  name.  The 
Indian  name  of  the  place  was  Wawepoonseag,  a  name  first  men- 
tioned in  the  Plymouth  records  in  describing  the  boundaries  of 
the  North  Purchases  in  1661:  "From  Rehoboth  ranging  upon 
Pawtucket  river,  to  a  place  called  by  the  natives  Wawepoonseag, 
where  one  Blackstone  now  sojourncth.*'  The  place  is  now  a 
part  of  Lonsdale  Village  in  Cumberland,  R.I.  In  this  retreat  he 
built  his  house,  cultivated  his  garden  and  planted  his  orchard. 
His  house  he  called  Study  Hall,  and  the  elevation  on  which  it 
was  built  he  named  "Study  Hill." 

During  his  residence  at  Cumberland,  Mr.  Blackstone  married 
Mrs.  Sarah  Stevenson  of  Boston,  as  appears  by  the  Boston  town 
records:  "Mr.  William  Blackstone  was  married  to  Sarah  Steven- 
son, widow,  the  4th  of  July,  1659,  by  John  Endicott,  Governor"; 
She  was  the  widow  of  John  Stevenson  of  Boston,  who  had  by  her 
at  least  three  children:  Onesimus,  born  26th  10th  mo.,  1643; 
John,  born  7th  mo.,  1645;  and  James,  born  Oct.  1st,  1653.  His 
second  son,  John  Stevenson,  lived  with  his  mother  after  her 
marriage  with  Mr.  Blackstone,  and,  after  their  decease,  continued 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS  9 

to  reside  on  a  part  of  Blackstone's  land,  granted  him  by  the  Court 
of  Plymouth,  during  the  remainder  of  his  life  (Daggett's  Hist,  of 
Atileborough). 

Blackstone's  wife  died  about  the  middle  of  June,  1673  (Rehoboth 
records),  and  he  survived  her  only  about  two  years,  dying  May  26, 
1675  ("buried  May  28,"  ib.)»  a  few  weeks  before  the  commence- 
ment of  the  Indian  War  which  laid  in  ashes  his  "fair  domain."  He 
had  lived  in  New  England  about  fifty  years,  nearly  ten  at  Shaw- 
mut,  and  forty  at  this  place,  and  must  have  been  about  eighty 
years  of  age. 

How  vast  the  contrast  between  his  valley  with  its  framed  house 
surrounded  by  an  unbroken  forest  as  far  as  the  eye  could  reach  and 
the  same  valley  to-day  crowded  with  a  dense  population  gathered 
in  numerous  cities  and  villages!  Could  that  solitary  dweller  in  the 
wilderness  revisit  the  scenes  of  his  sylvan  retreat  he  would  see  at 
almost  every  turn  of  tliat  charming  river  wliicli  bears  his  name, 
immense  manufacturing  plants  representing  millions  of  dollars, 
while  the  hum  of  unnumbered  spindles  would  meet  his  ears,  along 
with  the  shriek  of  the  locomotive,  the  gong  of  the  electric  car  and 
the  honk  of  the  automobile. 

We  learn  from  "the  inventory  of  his  lands,  goods  and  chattells," 
taken  two  days  after  his  death  by  "Mr.  Stephen  Paine  and  others 
of  Rehoboth,"  that  his  real  estate  (not  appraised)  amounted  to  200 
acres  of  land  besides  the  meadow  called  Blackstone's  meadow,  and 
also  sixty  acres  and  two  shares  in  meadows  in  Providence. 

We  learn  also  that  his  library  contained  186  volumes  from  folios 
to  paper  books  valued  at  £15.  12*.  6d.,  and  his  personal  remainder 
at  £40.  11*.,  making  a  total  personal  of  £56.  3*.  6d. 

This  was  a  respectable  library  for  those  times  and  for  one  living 
in  the  wilds  of  America.  Tliis  recluse  doubtless  made  books  the 
companion  of  his  lonely  retreat,  and  the  paper  books  may  have 
l)een  his  diary  of  events  and  reflections,  which,  considering  his 
original  and  contemplative  mind,  would  have  shed  light  upon  his 
character  and  environment;  but  very  soon  "this  estate  (the  mov- 
ables) was  destroyed  and  carried  away  by  the  natives." 

It  would  seem  that  Blackstone  delighted  in  out-of-door  occupa- 
tions as  well  as  books.  He  was  kept  busy  with  his  garden,  his 
orchard,  and  his  cattle. 

He  often  visited  Providence,  seven  miles  down  the  river,  and 
exchanged  greetings  with  his  friend  Roger  Williams,  preaching  to 


10  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

the  people  and  giving  them  apples  from  his  trees,  the  first  that 
some  of  them  had  ever  seen.  When  in  his  declining  years  the 
journey  on  foot  became  difficult,  tradition  says  that  he  tamed  a 
bull  on  which  he  rode  when  visiting  his  friends. 

Perhaps  no  one  thing  is  more  characteristic  of  this  kindly  but 
eccentric  man  than  the  speech  he  is  said  to  have  made  to  the  people 
of  Boston  when  about  to  leave  them.  "I  came  from  England  be- 
cause I  did  not  like  the  Lord-Bishops,  but  I  cannot  join  with  you 
because  I  would  not  be  under  the  Lord-Brethren." 

Here  is  revealed  a  man  of  independent  spirit  who  could  not  be 
fettered  by  the  intolerance  and  bigotry  of  his  age. 

It  is  not  unlikely  that  Blackstone  had  one  or  more  servants 
with  him  in  his  isolation.  He  would  probably  need  help  in  the 
building  of  his  house  and  the  cultivation  of  his  farm.  Tradition 
says  that  he  had  a  servant  by  the  name  of  Abbott,  to  whom  he 
gave  land  on  the  "run"  that  bears  his  name. 

Concerning  Blackstone's  family  little  was  known  for  many 
years.  He  had  one  son  by  his  marriage  with  Mrs.  Stephenson» 
John  Blackstone,  born  at  Rehoboth,  probably  his  only  child. 
He  was  a  minor  when  his  father  died  and  had  guardians  appointed 
him  by  the  Plymouth  Court.  He  lived  on  his  inheritance  till 
1692,  when,  having  squandered  his  estate  by  his  intemperate  and 
idle  habits,  he  sold  his  lands  to  David  Whipple  and  soon  after 
removed  to  Providence,  where  he  probably  married  his  wife 
Katharine  and  supported  his  family  by  shoemaking.  In  1713 
he  returned  to  Attlehorough  and  with  his  wife  was  legally  warned 
out  of  town.  Tradition  says  he  afterwards  moved  to  Connecticut 
and  settled  near  New  Haven.  Tradition  also  says  that  a  son  of 
John  and  grandson  of  William  Blackstone  fell  at  the  taking  of 
Louisburg  in  the  French  War,  whither  he  marched  in  the  capacity 
of  a  lieutenant. 

His  step-son,  John  Stevenson,  came  with  his  mother  on  her 
marriage  to  Mr.  Blackstone.  He  was  then  about  fourteen  years 
of  age  and  continued  with  them  until  their  decease,  and  proved 
himself  very  serviceable  in  their  declining  years.  For  his  filial 
kindness  the  Court  of  Plymouth  rewarded  him  with  a  part  of 
Mr.  Blackstone's  estate,  and  ordered  to  l)e  "laid  out  unto  him 
fifty  acres  of  land  and  five  acres  of  meadow." 

Stevenson  resided  here,  it  is  thought  unmarried,  until  his  death, 
Sept.  16,  1695.     His  time  was  devoted  to  the  cultivation  of  his 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS  U 

lands  and  to  the  pleasures  of  hunting.  (For  further  details  see 
Daggett's  History  of  Aiileborough.) 

Blackstone's  retreat  has  undergone  many  changes  with  the 
lapse  of  years;  nearly  all  the  local  features  of  even  one  hundred 
years  ago  have  disappeared  and  only  the  most  general  outlines 
can  now  be  seen.  The  extensive  excavations  and  gradings  in 
preparation  for  the  building  of  the  great  Ann  and  Hope  Mill  in 
1886  obliterated  the  old  landmarks.  The  Mill  was  erected  directly 
over  Blackstone's  grave,  which  had  been  opened  May  6,  1886,  in 
the  presence  of  a  lineal  descendant,  Mr.  Lorenzo  Blackstone  of 
Norwich,  Conn.  The  remains  were  reburied  in  the  neat  and 
attractive  yard  of  the  mill,  where  a  fine  granite  monument  now 
stands,  erected  in  1889  by  his  lineal  descendants.  The  accom- 
panying photographs  show  the  inscription  on  the  four  sides. 

By  persistent  research  the  author  is  enabled  to  publish  for  the 
first  time  an  exact  account  of  William  Blackstone's  descendants  to 
the  present  time.  The  following  statements  are  verified  by  Mr. 
George  Blackstone  of  Branford,  Conn.,  and  Mrs.  Harriet  (Black- 
stone)  Camp  of  Norwich,  Conn.,  both  lineal  descendants  and  now 
living;  corroborated  by  Mr.  M.  L.  Sargent  of  Norwich,  Conn.,  in 
a  pamphlet  printed  in  1857,  entitled  "The  Blackstone  Family"; 
also  by  the  Blackstone  monument  erected  at  Lonsdale,  R.I.,  in 
1889,  "By  his  Lineal  Descendants": 

William,^  born  in  England  about  1595,  died  at  Rehoboth, 

1675. 
John,'  born  in  Rehoboth  about  1660-65;    time  and  place 

of  death  uncertain. 
John,'  born  in  Providence,  R.I.,  (probably)  1699;  died  at 

Branford,  Conn.,  Jan.  3,  1785. 
John,*  bom  at  Branford,  Conn.,  1731;    died  at  Branford, 

Aug.  10,  1816. 
Timothy,*  born  at  Branford,  Conn.,  1766;    died  at  Bran- 
ford, 1847. 
James,*  born  at  Branford,  Conn.,  1793;   died  at  Branford* 

1886. 
JoHN,^  born  at  Branford,  Conn.,  1825;    died  at  Branford, 

1890. 
George,*  born  at  Branford,  Conn.,  1861;  still  living. 

James  Blackstone*  was  a  man  of  large  influence  who  several 
times  represented  his  town  in  the  legislature,  and  also  served  as  a 
member  of  the  State  Senate.  A  magnificent  library  of  Tennessee 
marble  was  erected  at  Branford  in  his  honor  in  1896  by  his  son 


12  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

Timothy  Blackstone/  President  of  the  Chicago  &  Alton  R.R. 
Company,  who  died  in  Chicago  May  26»  1900.  James  had  sons 
as  follows: — 

George/  died  without  issue. 

Lorenzo/  June  21,  1819  -  Nov.  14,  1888. 

JoHN,^  1825  - 1890.  His  son  George"  is  the  last  of  five 
generations  born  and  reared  on  the  paternal  homestead. 

Timothy,'  1829  -  1900. 

Ellen,'  dau.  of  James,  married  H.  B.  Plant,  developer  of 
the  Plant  Line  of  steamboats,  the  Southern  Express  Co., 
etc.  Their  only  son,  Morton  F.  Plant*  of  New  London, 
Conn.,  is  a  millionaire  promoter  of  real  estate  in  Florida. 

Lorenzo'  had  six  children,  of  whom  only  one,  Mrs.  Harriet  B. 
Camp,  survives.  His  son  William  N.  Blackstone*  died  at  Nor- 
wich, Conn.,  in  1907.  He  was  held  in  high  esteem,  the  last  Wil- 
liam  of  the  family.  As  stated  above,  Lorenzo'  was  present  at  the 
opening  of  his  ancestor's  grave  in  1886. 

Another  man  of  distinction  to  settle  within  the  limits  of  Reho- 
both  was  Roger  Williams.  Little  is  known  of  his  early  life.  He 
was  probably  born  in  Wales  between  1599  and  1603,  of  pious 
parentage.  He  was  educated  at  Pembroke  College,  Cambridge, 
and  took  the  degree  of  A.B.  there  in  January,  1626.  (Dexter's 
Roger  Williams,  p.  2.)  There  is  a  story,  without  proof,  that  he 
studied  law  for  a  time  after  leaving  the  university.  He  became  a 
clergyman  of  the  established  Church,  then  a  nonconformist,  and 
finally  a  rigid  separatist,  for  which  change  he  suffered  severe  per- 
secution. **Truly  it  was  as  bitter  as  death  for  me,"  he  writes, 
"when  Bishop  Laud  pursued  me  out  of  this  land  and  my  conscience 
was  persuaded  against  the  national  Church."  He  embarked  from 
Bristol  with  his  wife  Mary,  in  the  ship  "Lyon,"  Capt.  Pierce, 
master,  Dec.  1,  1630,  and  after  a  tempestuous  voyage  of  sixty-six 
days  arrived  off  Nantasket  Feb.  5,  1631.  As  John  Wilson,  ]>astor  of 
the  Boston  Church,  was  about  to  visit  friends  in  England,  the  Church 
invited  Mr.  Williams  to  supply  his  place  during  his  absence. 

He  refused  on  the  ground  of  conscience  and  because  they  were 
an  "unseparated  people."  This  curt  reply  tended  to  prejudice 
the  members  against  the  youthful  preacher,  and  hearing  that  the 
church  at  Salem  had  invited  him  to  be  their  teacher  in  connection 
with  the  Rev.  Samuel  Skelton,  the  Court  of  Boston,  on  the  12th 
of  April  following,  caused  a  letter  to  be  written  to  Mr.  Endicott 


riltTOOKHOUCRmilli 

irrBfCBURCHor  £«»♦"" 

|K„KOS£CO«H»«W 


M.MS       •     ■       ^,„*««»"  \ 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS  13 

to  say  that  the  Salem  people  should  act  cautiously  and  without 
undue  haste,  inasmuch  as  Mr.  Williams  refused  to  fellowship  the 
Boston  church  because  it  was  not  ready  to  proceed  to  the  extreme 
of  separation,  and  because  he  had  broached  the  novel  opinions, 
"that  the  magistrate  might  not  punish  the  breach  of  the  Sabbath, 
nor  any  other  offense  as  it  was  a  breach  of  the  first  table." 
Whether  the  Salem  Church  ordained  Mr.  Williams  at  this  time 
is  a  disputed  point.  It  is  certain  that  his  stay  there  was  brief, 
as  he  was  in  Plymouth  in  1631,  "probably,"  as  Gammell  says, 
"in  the  month  of  August,"  when  he  taught  as  assistant  to  the 
Rev.  Ralph  Smith. 

Governor  Bradford  speaks  of  him  as  "a  man  godly  and  zealous, 
having  many  precious  parts,  but  very  unsettled  in  judgmente." 
Before  the  close  of  1633  he  was  back  in  Salem,  assisting  Mr. 
Skelton  "by  way  of  prophecy,"  though  "not  in  any  office."  On 
the  death  of  Mr.  Skelton,  Aug.  2,  1634,  the  church  called  him  to 
be  their  pastor,  which  call  he  accepted  and  thereby  gave  offence 
to  the  citizens  and  Court  of  Boston;  but  regardless  of  everything 
save  his  own  headstrong  purpose,  he  proceeded  to  severely  de- 
nounce the  magistrates  for  not  granting  a  petition  of  his  church 
about  some  Marblehead  land.  He  asserted  that  the  charter  of 
Massachusetts  was  invalid  and  unjust,  as  the  soil  and  sovereignty 
were  not  purchased  of  the  natives.  He  declared  that  no  oath 
should  be  administered  to  unregeneratc  persons,  not  even  an  oath 
of  fidelity  to  the  government,  and  that  a  man  ought  not  to  pray 
with  such,  though  wife  or  child,  etc.  He  even  refused  to  com- 
mune with  members  of  his  own  church  unless  they  would  separate 
themselves  from  the  other  churches  of  New  England.  These 
utterances,  which  were  put  forth  in  an  aggravating  manner  and 
at  a  time  when  the  very  existence  of  the  colony  was  at  stake, 
aroused  against  him  the  opposition  of  both  court  and  clergy.  He 
was  reprimanded  and  asked  to  desist,  but  he  would  not  be  silenced. 
When  brought  before  the  court  he  would  make  no  concessions, 
and  on  Friday,  Oct.  9,  1635,  he  was  sentenced  to  perpetual  banish- 
ment.   The  sentence  was  in  these  terms: 

"Whereas,  Mr.  Roger  Williams,  one  of  the  elders  of  the  Church  of 
Salem,  hath  broached  and  divulged  divers  new  and  dangerous  opin- 
ions against  the  authority  of  magistrates;  as  also  writ  letters  of  def- 
amation, both  of  magistrates  and  churches  here,  and  that  before 
any  conviction,  and  yet  maintaineth  the  same  without  any  re- 
tractation;   it  is  therefore  ordered,  that  the  said  Mr.  Williams 


14  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

shall  depart  out  of  this  jurisdiction  within  six  weeks  now  next 
ensuing,  which  if  he  neglect  to  perform,  it  shall  be  lawful  for  the 
Governor  and  two  of  the  magistrates  to  send  him  to  some  place 
out  of  this  jurisdiction,  not  to  return  any  more  without  license 
from  the  Court." 

Our  space  permits  only  the  briefest  comment  on  this  famous 
edict.  Perhaps  no  fairer  statement  of  the  matter  can  be  made 
than  is  given  in  the  oration  of  Prof.  J.  Lewis  Diman  at  the  dedi- 
cation of  the  monument  at  Roger  Williams  Park,  Oct.  16,  1877: 

"Against  this  community,  so  jealous  of  their  rights,  the  head- 
strong enthusiast  dashed  himself.  What  they  did  to  him  they  had 
done  in  repeated  instances  before.  So  far  from  being  exceptionally 
harsh,  their  treatment  of  Roger  Williams  was  marked  by  unusual 
lenity.  His  sorrowful  winter  flight  when  for  fourteen  weeks  he 
was  so  severely  tossed,  'not  knowing  what  bread  or  bed  did  mean,' 
was  no  part  of  the  official  sentence  pronounced  against  him,  but 
suffering  which  he  voluntarily  assumed." 

Mr.  Williams  obtained  permission  to  remain  till  spring,  but  as 
he  still  persisted  in  preaching  his  offensive  doctrines  in  his  own 
house,  orders  were  sent  early  in  January  ("11  mo.  January")  to 
Captain  Underbill  to  seize  him  and  send  him  to  England;  but 
having  received  timely  warning  he  made  his  escape,  and  in  com- 
pliance with  the  secret  advice  of  Governor  Winthrop  steered  his 
course  to  the  Narragansett  Bay. 

Long  before  the  act  of  banishment,  Williams,  slirewdly  fore- 
seeing trouble  with  the  Massachusetts  Bay  Colony,  went  among 
the  Indians  and  arranged  with  them  for  a  possible  settlement  at 
Narragansett  Bay. 

"In  the  yeare  one  Thousand  Six  hundred  thirty  Foure,  And  in 
the  yeare  one  Thousand  Six  hundred  Thirtye  Five,  I,  Roger 
Williams,  ha<l  scvcrall  Treutycs  witli  Counanicusse,  And  Mian- 
tenome,  the  Two  cheife  Sacliims  of  the  Narragansett;  and  pur- 
chased of  them  the  I^ndes,"  etc.  (Chapin's  Doc,  Hist,  of  R,  /., 
pp.  1,  2.) 

0 

"The  reason  was,"  writes  Winthrop,  "because  he  had  drawn 
above  twenty  persons  to  his  opinion,  and  they  were  intended  to 
erect  a  plantation  about  the  Narragansett  Bay."  (Winthrop,  I, 
209.) 

In  describing  his  journey  in  a  letter  to  Major  Mason,  thirty-five 
years  after  the  event,  Williams  writes:  "I  was  sorely  tossed  for 
one  fourteen  weeks,  in  a  bitter  winter  season,  not  knowing  what 
bread  or  bed  did  mean."     The  expression  "sorely  tossed,"  and  in 


EARLY  SETTLERS   AND   ANNALS  15 

another  place  "steering  my  course,"  have  led  some  to  conclude  that 
his  journey  was  by  water  (Bliss,  History^  p.  17);  but  in  view  of 
tlie  extreme  diflSculty  of  a  sea  voyage  in  a  small  boat  around 
Cape  Cod  in  the  heart  of  winter,  and  the  prospect  of  meeting  the 
pinnace  sent  to  arrest  him,  taken  with  what  he  wrote  in  answer 
to  a  letter  of  John  Cotton  of  his  being  **so  exposed  to  the  mercy 
of  an  howling  wildernesse  in  Frost  and  Snow,"  and  also  that  he 
".  .  .  at  last  suffred  for  such  admonitions  to  them,  the  miserie  of 
a  Winter's  Banishment  amongst  the  Barbarians"  (Doc,  Hist,  R,  /., 
pp.  9,  10),  most  recent  writers  conclude  that  his  journey  led  him 
on  foot  through  the  wilderness  where  his  sufferings  were  such  that 
he  might  well  use  the  above  terms  "tossed,"  "steered,"  etc.,  in  a 
figurative  sense.  There  is  a  vague  tradition  that  he  spent  part 
of  the  winter  at  the  house  of  a  Mr.  Smith  at  Pontipog,  now 
Stoughton  (Doc.  Hist.  R.  /.,  p.  10).  Some  think  he  spent  the 
winter  as  the  guest  of  Osamequin  at  Sowams  (in  Old  Swansea), 
where  his  entertainment,  however  cordial,  might  be  without 
"bread  or  bed."  Li  the  spring,  probably  in  April,  he  obtained  of 
Osamequin  a  grant  of  land  in  Old  Seekonk,  afterwards  Rehoboth. 
The  spot  in  Seekonk  where  he  pitched  his  tent  is  believed  to  have 
been  at  "Manton's  Neck,"  below  the  modern  Philipsdale  and  not 
far  from  the  mouth  of  the  Ten-Mile  River,  where  a  spring  of  cold, 
sweet  w^ater  still  bubbles  up  and  supplies  the  family  living  on  the 
premises.  The  place  is  marked  by  a  tablet  suitably  inscribed  and 
fixed  to  a  tree  by  the  roadside.  Here  Mr.  Williams,  supposing 
he  was  beyond  the  jurisdiction  of  both  the  Massachusetts  13ay  and 
the  Plymouth  (colonics,  hoped  to  rcnmin  undisturbed. 

Here  he  "began  to  build  and  plant,"  but  was  not  destined  to 
reap.  He  .soon  received  a  friendly  message  from  Governor  Winslow 
of  Plymouth  informing  him  that  Seekonk  was  within  their  patent, 
and  advising  him  to  cross  to  the  other  side  of  the  river  where 
the  country  would  be  free  before  him.  "And  then  I  should  be 
out  of  their  Claim  and  be  free  as  themselves  and  loving  neighbors 
together." 

He  was  jirobably  at  Seekonk  from  about  the  middle  of  April  to 
the  latter  ]>art  of  June,  1030.  As  a  letter  written  by  him  to 
(lovernor  Vane  was  dated  at  Providence,  July  26,  we  infer  that 
he  must  have  moved  before  that  date.  He  embarked  in  a  canoe 
accompanied  by  Tlionuis  Angell.  A  tradition  handed  down  from 
Stephen  Hopkins,  Esq.  (1707-1785),  declares  there  were  no  others, 


16  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

nor  is  there  any  hint  of  their  landing  on  the  west  bank  of  the 
river  at  the  foot  of  Williams  Street,  but  ''when  they  came  oppo- 
site the  cove  now  called  What  Cheer  Cove  they  were  hailed  from  the 
shore  by  one  of  the  Indians  who  understood  a  little  English  by 
the  friendly  salutation  of  What  Cheer^  from  which  Circumstance 
the  Cove  has  ever  since  been  called  What  Cheer  Cove,  so  named 
in  the  early  records  of  the  town — ^That  Mr.  Williams  made  signs 
to  the  Indians  that  he  would  meet  them  on  the  Western  shore  of 
the  Neck  of  Land,  on  which  they  (the  Indians)  then  were — 
Going  himself,  in  a  canoe,  by  water,  round  Fox  Point,  which  he 
accordingly  did  an<l  met  the  Indians  at  the  famous  Rock  and 
Spring  mentioned  by  Governor  Hutchinson  in  his  History  of 
Massachusetts,  a  little  Southwesterly  from  the  Episcopal  Church."^ 
{Doc.  Hist.,  pp.  18,  19.)  The  other  tradition  that  there  were  five 
or  six  in  the  canoe  and  that  they  landed  on  a  slate  rock  has  little 
or  no  historical  value.  There  was  indeed  a  large  rock  of  slate  on 
the  west  bank  of  the  river,  which  was  long  ago  broken  in  pieces 
and  buried  by  the  filling  in  of  the  cove.  The  land  nearby,  between 
Williams  and  Power  Streets,  was  reserved  for  a  memorial  square, 
in  which  stands  a  neat  monument  of  granite  in  honor  of  the 
supposed  landing  of  Roger  Williams  and  is  inscribed  as  follows: 

(West  front)     'The  Landing  Place  of  Roger  Williams." 

{East  front)  "Below  this  spot  then  at  the  water's  edge  stood  the 
rock  on  which  according  to  tradition  Roger  Williams,  An  exile 
for  his  devotion  to  Freedom  of  Conscience,  landed  1636." 

{North  front)  "And  having  a  sense  of  God's  merciful  Providence 
unto  me  in  my  distress  called  the  place  Providence,  I  desired 
it  might  be  for  a  shelter  of  persons  distressed  for  conscience. 
Roger  Williams." 

{South  front)  "To  the  memory  of  Roger  Williams,  the  Apostle  of 
Soul  Liberty,  Founder  of  the  State  of  Rhode  Island  and  Provi- 
dence Plantations,  This  monument  is  dedicated  by  the  Provi- 
dence Association  of  Mechanics  and  Manufacturers,  1906." 

The  colony  thus  settled  near  the  mouth  of  the  Moshassuck 
River  on  lands  purchased  by  Williams  of  the  Sachems,  Canonicus 
and  Miantonomi,  would  seem  from  the  meagre  records  to  have 
consisted  of  Roger  Williams,  William  Harris,  John  Smith  the 
miller,  Francis  Wickes,  Thomas  Angell,  Joshua  Verin,  and  William 
Arnold  and  their  families. 

Here,  with  this  little  company  as  a  nucleus,  was  to  be  tried  "the 
lively  experiment"  of  a  pure  democracy.    In  1643  Williams  went 

'  St.  John's  Church  on  North  Main  Street. 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS  17 

to  England  to  procure  a  charter  for  his  colony,  returning  with  it 
the  following  year.  In  1651  he  again  visited  England  on  business 
of  the  colony  and  continued  tliere  until  1654.  On  his  return  he  was 
chosen  President  of  the  colony  (1654,  1657-58). 

He  refused  to  persecute  the  Quakers,  but  engaged  in  a  famous 
controversy  with  them  in  1672,  recorded  in  his  publication: 
George  Fox  digged  out  of  his  Burrotoes  ( 1 676) .  He  died  at  Providence 
in  1683,  not  far  from  eighty  years  of  age. 

We  have  seen  that  Roger  Williams  in  his  early  ministry  was 
fond  of  controversy,  rash  in  statement  and  fearless  of  consequences. 
As  he  would  fellowship  none  who  opposed  his  teachings  he  has 
been  called  "The  Arch  Separatist."  He  suffered  for  his  opinions 
and  especially  for  his  sharp  manner  of  expressing  them.  His 
intemperate  zeal,  l^wever,  was  tempered  by  the  bitter  experiences 
of  his  exile  and  the  heavy  burdens  of  subsequent  leadership.  It 
has  been  well  said  that  his  banishment  was  his  enlargement.  His 
spirit  of  toleration  grew  rapidly  with  the  necessity  of  its  exercise, 
and  in  founding  a  city  and  state  he  determined  that  all  should 
enjoy  liberty  of  conscience.  One  phase  of  his  greatness  is  seen  in 
his  masterly  diplomacy  with  the  Indians,  securing  the  life-long 
friendship  of  Osamequin  and  the  Narragansett  Sachems,  who  for 
the  love  they  bore  him  made  him  sole  proprietor  of  extensive  land 
rights. 

By  the  initial  deed  he  associated  with  him  in  joint  ownership 
"twelve  of  his  loving  friends  with  power  conferred  to  add  others." 

That  he  had  a  genuine  missionary  spirit  is  seen  in  the  fact  that 
he  studied  the  language  of  the  Indians  and  learned  their  customs 
while  living  at  Plymouth;  "my  sole  desire,"  he  writes,  "was  to  do 
the  natives  good." 

In  intellect  he  was  keen  and  vigorous;  brilliant  in  argument  and 
magnanimous  in  spirit.  In  respect  of  liberty  of  conscience,  he, 
like  his  esteemed  contemporary.  Dr.  John  Clarke  of  Newport,  was 
a  whole  generation  in  advance  of  his  age.  His  name  is  written 
high  among  the  worthy  fathers  of  New  England. 

Among  his  writings  are  "A  Key  to  the  Language  of  New  Eng- 
land" (London,  1643),  "The  Bloody  Tenet  of  Persecution  for  the 
Cause  of  Conscience  discussed"  (1644),  "The  Hireling  Ministry 
None  of  Christ's,"  Ix>ndon  (1652). 
2 


18  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

See  Memoirs  by  Knowles  (1834),  Gammell  (1845),  Elton  (1853), 
Guild  (1866),  Dexter  (1876),  Straus  (1894),  Carpenter  (1909), 
Chapin  (1916). 

The  real  founder  of  Rehoboth  was  the  Rev.  Samuel  Newman. 
He  was  the  son  of  Richard  Newman,  a  glover  of  Banbury,  Oxford 
County,  England.  He  was  liom  about  the  10th  or  12th  of  May, 
1602.  He  graduated  at  Trinity  College,  Oxford,  with  its  honors, 
Oct.  17,  1620,  at  the  age  of  eighteen.  After  studying  Theology, 
he  became  pastor  of  the  Midhope  Chapel  in  the  West  Riding  of 
Yorkshire,  where  he  remained  for  ten  years.  In  1635,  disgusted 
with  the  religious  persecutions  of  Archbishop  Laud,  he  came  to 
America  in  company  with  a  large  number  of  emigrants,  among 
whom  was  Rev.  Richard  Mather.  He  resided  four  years  at  Dor- 
chester and  was  chiefly  engaged  in  writing  his  Concordance  to  the 
Bible.  In  1639  he  became  pastor  of  the  church  at  Weymouth,  re- 
maining till  the  spring  of  1643-4.  At  that  time  the  majority  of  his 
church,  with  others  of  Hingham,  migrated  with  him  to  a  place 
on  the  east  bank  of  the  Pawtucket  River,  called  by  the  Indians 
Seekonk,  to  which  he  gave  the  name  of  Rehoboth,  a  scriptural  word 
meaning  enlargement  (Gen.  26:  22). 

[With  few  exceptions  the  annals  and  documents  which  follow  are 
taken  from  Blisses  **History  of  lleliobothy  For  the  account  of  King 
Philippe  War,  the  Revolutionary  War  in  part^  atid  for  all  subsequent 
chapters^  the  present  writer  alone  is  responeible,] 

From  the  quit-claim  deed  of  Philip,  given  in  1668,  we  learn 
that  the  first  purchase  of  land,  afterwards  included  in  the  original 
town  of  Rehoboth,  was  made  of  Osamequin,  more  commonly 
known  to  the  English  by  the  name  of  Massassoit,  in  1641,  by  John 
Brown  and  Edward  Winslow  of  Plymouth.  (See  deed  p.  65.)  This 
tract  of  land  comprised  the  present  towns  of  Rehoboth,  Seekonk, 
the  first  and  second  wards  of  Pawtucket,  and  East  Providence, 
R.I.,  and  is  about  ten  miles  square.  It  had  been  granted  by 
Plymouth  Court,  as  appears  from  the  records  of  the  Rehoboth 
proprietors,  to  certain  persons  (probably  of  Hingham)  for  the 
settlement  of  a  town,  and  Mr.  Brown  and  Mr.  Winslow  were 
appointed  agents  to  purchase  it  for  the  colony. 

"Whereas  the  Court  of  Plymouth  was  pleased,  in  the  year  1641, 
or  thereabouts,  to  grant  unto  the  inhabiUmts  of  Seaconk  {alias 
Rehoboth)  liberty  to  take  up  a  trackt  of  lands  for  theare  com- 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS  19 

fortablc  siibsistancc,  containing  llic  quantity  of  eight  niilos  square; 
and  the  Court  was  pleased  to  appoint  Mr.  John  Browne  and  Mr. 
Edward  Winslow  for  to  purchase  the  foresaid  trackt  of  land  of 
Asainecum>  the  chief  sachem  and  owner  therof,  which  accordingly 
hath  beene  effected,  and  the  purchase  paid  for  by  the  foresaid  in- 
habitants, according  to  the  Court  order,"  &c.  {Proprietors*  Rec- 
ords, vol.  I,  p.  1.) 

No  deed  of  this  purchase  is  on  record,  but  there  is  a  deposition 
of  John  Ilazell  on  the  Plymouth  Colony  Records  (Vol.  II,  p.  67), 
taken  Nov.  1,  1642,  which  confirms  the  purchase:  "John  Hasell 
[Hazell]  affirmeth  that  Assamequine  chose  out  ten  fathome  of 
beads^  at  Mr.  William's  and  put  them  in  a  basket,  and  affirmed  that 
he  was  fully  satisfied  therewith  for  his  land  at  Seacunck;  but  he 
stood  upon  it  that  he  would  have  a  coat  more,  and  left  the  beads 
with  Mr.  Williams  and  willed  him  to  keep  them  untill  Mr.  Hubbard 
came  up."  "He  affirmeth  the  bounds  were  to  Red  Stone  Hill 
VIII.  miles  into  the  land,  and  to  Annawamscoate  VII.  miles 
down  the  water."  No  record  or  deed  from  the  colony  to  the  town 
at  this  time  is  to  be  found  on  the  Plymouth  Records;  but  ref- 
erence to,  and  acknowledgment  of,  a  grant  of  this  land  to  several 
individuals  is  made  in  the  confirmation  deed  of  the  colony  in  1685: 
"Whereas  Mr.  Daniel  Smith,  as  agent  of  the  town  of  Rehoboth, 
answered  at  this  Court,  and  showed,  declared  and  made  appear 
unto  this  Court  by  several  writings  and  records,  that  the  bounds 
of  the  said  town  of  Rehoboth  are  as  followelh :  The  first  grant  of 
the  said  township  being  eight  miles  square,  granted  in  the  year 
1641,  unto  Mr.  Alexander  Winchester,  Richard  Wright,  Mr.  Henry 
Smith,  Mr.  Joseph  Pecke,  Mr.  Stephen  Paine,  and  divers 
others,  for  the  settling  of  a  town,  which  is  now  bounded  from 
Puttukett  river,"  etc.  The  same  thing  is  repeated  in  the  quitclaim 
deed  of  William  Bradford,  son  of  Governor  Bradford,  to  the  town, 
in  1689.  This  deed,  after  speaking  of  grants  of  land  having  been 
made  to  different  townships,  says:  "Among  others,  in  the  year 
of  our  Lord  1641  [Gov.  Bradford]  granted  to  Joseph  Peck,  Stephen 
Paine,  Henry  Smith,  Alexander  Winchester,  Thomas  Cooper, 
gent.,  and  others  with  them,  and  sucli  otliers  as  they  should  asso- 
ciate to  themselves,  a  tract  of  land  for  a  plantation  or  township, 
formerly  called  by  the  natives  Secunke,  upwards  of  forty-five  years 

*  Delicate  shells  strung  like  beads  and  called  wampum,  the  Indian  currency. 
In  1041  this  bead  money  was  worth  5  shillings  the  fathom.  Ten  fathoms 
therefore  amounted  to  £2.  lOs.  English  money,  which  was  the  cost  of  the 
township,  in  addition  to  which  the  chief  made  them  throw  in  a  coat. 


20  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

since  settled  and  planted,  now  called  and  known  by  the  name  of 
Rehoboth."  These  deeds  will  be  taken  notice  of,  and  extracts 
made  from  them,  when  we  come  to  the  years  in  which  they  were 
given.  The  people,  whose  names  are  mentioned  in  both  the  above 
extracts  as  grantees,  were  of  Hingham.  (See  Lincoln's  Hist,  of 
Hingliam,  pp.  42-48.) 

Although  the  town  liad  been  purchased  of  the  Indians,  and 
granted  to  a  number  of  individuals  for  the  purpose  of  making  a 
settlement,  it  does  not  appear  that  any  general  and  permanent 
settlement  was  made  here  earlier  than  about  the  year  1643.  We 
find,  however,  one  individual  residing  at  "Seacunck"  as  early  as 
1642.  This  was  John  Hazell,  whose  deposition  relative  to  the  sale 
of  "Seacunk"  by  Osamequin  has  been  already  given.  He  was 
then  residing  at  "Seacunck"  (Nov.  1,  1642),  and  we  find  further 
mention  made  of  him  at  the  same  Court  in  November: 

"John  Hassell  [afterwards  written  Hazell  in  the  Town  Records] 
doth  acknowledge  himself  to  owe  the  king,  to  be  leveyed  of  his 
lands,  goods  and  chattells,  &c.  £XX.  if  he  fayle  in  the  condicon 
following:  The  condicon  that  the  said  John  Hassell  shall  either 
take  the  oath  of  allegiance  to  the  King,  and  fidelitie  to  the  Govern- 
ment, betwixt  this  and  March  Court  next,  or  els  remove  his  dwell- 
ing from  Seacunk."    {Plym.  Col.  Rec.^  vol.  II,  p.  67.) 

The  £20  which  he  acknowledged  himself  to  owe  the  king  was 
a  fine  for  contempt  of  Court,  as  appears  from  the  following: 

"August  2,  1642.  It  is  ordered  that  a  warrant  be  sent  to  fetch 
John  Hassell,  that  lives  at  Sickuncke,  to  answer  his  contempts  at 
the  General  Court :  which  was  made  and  signed  by  all  the  assistants 
present."     {Plym.  Col.  Rec.^  vol.  II,  p.  55.) 

John  Hazell  continued  to  reside  at  "Seacunck,"  where  he  had 
lands  granted  him  in  1669.  And  he  appears  to  have  owned  largely 
before,  for,  in  describing  the  bounds  of  the  grant,  mention  is  made 
of  "his  other  allotment,  being  six  hundred  acres,  bounded  on  the 
east  with  his  fresh  meadow  and  a  little  run  of  water  and  a  cedar 
swamp;  on  the  west  side  Patucet  river;  on  the  north  side  the 
woods;  on  the  south  side  the  towne  land;  only  the  Island  and  little 
upland  above  mentoned  is  part  of  the  six  hundred  acres."  {Plym. 
Col.  Rec,  vol.  II,  p.  193.) 

"Seacunck,"  we  have  seen,  was  first  granted  to  people  of  Hing- 
ham; but  they  were  soon  joined  by  Mr.  Newman  and  the  majority 
of  his  church  at  Weymouth,  in  their  projected  settlement;   and 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS  21 

it  is  even  possible  that  some  of  the  people  of  Weymouth  were  among 
the  original  grantees  of  1641,  though  none  of  them  are  among  the 
names  mentioned.  It  appears,  however,  that  those  whose  names 
are  given  were  a  committee  acting  for  "themselves  and  divers 
others." 

The  first  meeting  of  the  original  planters  of  Rehoboth  to  be  found 
on  record,  is  dated  at  "Weinioth  the  24th  of  the  8th  month^ 
[October],  1643."    The  record  is  as  follows: 

**At  a  general  meeting  of  the  plantores  of  Seacunk,  it  was  ordered, 

"(1)  That  the  [illegible]  lottes  shall  not  exceed  the  number  of 
sixty  and  five,  and  in  case  anny  of  those  that  have  these  lottes 
granted  already  fale,  that  Goodman  [illegible]  of  Cambridge  to 
be  admitted  of  he  please;  and  in  case  so  manny  fale  as  may 
limit  to  sixty,  then  not  to  exceed  sixty  lottes. 

"(2)  It  is  agreed  that  the  ground  that  is  most  fit  to  be  planted 
and  hopefull  for  come  for  the  present  to  be  planted  and  fenced 
by  such  as  possess  it  according  to  [illegible]. 

**(3)  It  is  ordered  that  those  that  have  lottes  granted  and  are 
[illegible]  inhabitants  shall  fence  the  one  end  of  their  lottes  and 
their  part  in  the  comon  fence,  in  the  same  time,  by  the  20th 
day  of  April  next,  or  else  forfit  their  lottes  to  the  disposal  of  the 
plantation;  and  likewise  to  remove  themselves  and  family  to 
inhabit  [torn  off]  by  this  time  twelvesmonth,  or  else  forfite  their 
lottes  againe  to  the  plantation,  allowinge  them  their  necessary 
improvements,  as  they  in  their  discretion  shall  think  meet. 

"(4)  That  if  anny  damages  shale  fale  out  by  anny  man's  partic- 
ular fence,  the  owner  of  the  fence  shale  pay  the  damage,  and  if 
[torn  off]  generall  fence,  then  those  persons  that  one  the  fence  to 
pay  [torn  off.]"  {Rehoboth  Rec.,  vol.  I,  p.  1.) 

The  next  meeting  of  the  proprietors  was  held  at  Weymouth, 
"the  10th  day  of  the  lOlh  month"  (December),  when  regulations 
were  made  as  to  the  planting  of  corn.  The  teacher  to  have  a 
certain  portion  from  each  settler.  Servants,  after  four  years,  to 
be  inhabitants  and  entitled  to  their  privileges.  Richard  Wright 
employed  to  build  a  corn-mill. 

During  the  year  1643,  and  probably  before  any  other  division 
of  land  had  been  made  other  than  for  house-lots,  the  proprietors 
were  required  individually  to  give  in  the  value  of  their  estates, 
in  order  that  the  allotments  of  land  might  be  made  accordingly, 
as  appears  from  the  Proprietors'  Records: 

"About  the  year  1643,  a  joynt  agreement  was  made  by  the  in- 
habitants of  Sea-conk  alias  Rehoboth,  ffor  the  bringing  in  of  their 

*Tliis  Is  01(1  Style.  The  yenr  then  coiiiinenced  the  25th  of  March.  See 
note  on  page  58. 


22 


HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 


estates;  that  soe  men's  lotments  might  be  taken  up  according  to 
person  and  estate,  as  alsoe  for  the  carrieing  on  of  all  publick 
chardges  both  for  present  and  future;  furtheremore  the  means 
and  interest  of  what  is  heare  expressed  is  that  by  which  lands, 
now  granted  by  the  Court  of  Plymouth  to  the  towne,  is  to  be 
divided  according  to  person  and  estate,  as  is  expressed  in  this 
following  list. 


.1 


1.  Mrs.  Bur 

Ruth  Ingram  ac- 
cepted in  her  place 

2.  Widdow  Walker 

3.  John  Read 

4.  John  Cooke 

which  atill  is  in  the  I 
town's  hands.  ) 

5.  The  Schoolmaster 

6.  Will  Cheesbrook 

7.  Mr.  Winchester 

8.  Richard  Wright 
0.  Mr.  Newman 

10.  Will.  Smith 

11.  WalUr  Palmer 

12.  James  Clark,  ) 

now  John  Perrum's.  ( 

13.  Ralph  Shephard, 

now 
James  Redewa ve's. 

14.  Zachariah  Roads 

15.  John  Mathewes 

16.  John  Perrum 

17.  John  Millar 

18.  Samuel  Butterworth 

19.  George  Kendrick 

20.  Abram  Martin 

21.  The  Teacher 

22.  Kdwanl  Scale 

23.  John  Browne 

24.  Mr.  Ilowward 

25.  Mr.  Peck 

26.  Mr.  Obediah  Holmes, 

now 
Robert  Whenton 

27.  Edward  Smith 

28.  Job  Lane,  now 

Robert  Abell's. 
20.  Thomas  Hitt 

30.  James  Walker, 

now  John  ffitche's.^ 

31.  Thomas  BIyss 


es,  ) 


£    a,   d. 

100  00  00 


50  00  00 
300  00  00 
300  00  00 


50  00  00 
450  00  00 

105  00  00 
834  00  00 
330  00  00 

106  10  00 
419  00  00 

71  00  00 


121  10  00 

50  00  00 

40  00  00 

67  00  00 

69  10  00 

50  00  00 

50  00  00 

60  10  00 

100  00  00 

81  00  00 

50  (M)  00 

250  00  00 

535  00  00 

100  00  00 

252  00  00 
50  00  00 

101  00  00 
50  00  00 

153  00  00 


32.  The  Governor's 

lot,  now 
Richard  Bullock's. 

33.  Isaack  Martin, 

now 
Thomas  Wilmot's. 

34.  Robert  Morris 

35.  Edward  Bennet, 

now 
Rich.  Bowen's,  Jr. 

36.  The  Pastor 

37.  Mr.  Henry  Smith 

38.  Mathew  Pratt 
30.  John  Megff's 

40.  Thomas  Clifton. 

now 
Stephen'Payne's,  Jr. 

41.  Joseph  Torry,  ) 

now  John  Peck's.      ) 

42.  Tho.  Cooper 

43.  Robert  ffullor 

44.  John  Allen 

45.  Ralph  Allen 

46.  Edward  Gillman.       ) 
now  Joseph  Peck's.  ( 

47.  Tho.  Houlbrook 

48.  Will.  Carpenter 

40.  John  Houlbrook,        ) 
now  Nicholas  Ide's.  ) 

50.  Robert  Titus,  ) 
now  Robert  Jones's.  ) 

51.  Will.  Sabin 

52.  Stephen  Payne 

53.  Mr.  Browne 

54.  Edward  Patteson, 

now 
John  Woodcock's. 

55.  Peter  Hunt 

56.  Robert  Martin 

57.  Robert  Sharp, 

but  now 
Rice  Leonard's. 

58.  Richard  Bowen 


£    s.  d, 

200  00  00 


50  00  00 

04  10  00 

134  10  00 

100  00  00 
260  00  00 
230  00  00 
120  00  00 

160  00  00 


134  00  00 

367  00  00 
150  00  00 
156  00  00 
270  00  00 

306  00  00 

186  10  00 
254  10  00 

186  10  00 

150  10  00 

53  00  00 
535  00  00 
600  00  00 

50  00  00 

327  00  00 
228  10  00 

106  00  00 

270  00  00 


(Proprietors*  Records,  vol.  I,  p.  1.) 

At  a  meeting  of  the  proprietors  of  Seekonk  (the  date  of  which 
is  torn  off,  though  it  was  probably  among  the  first),  it  was  voted 

^Instead  of  a  capital  letter,  the  small  letter  is  frequently  doubled. 


EiVRLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS 


23 


tliat  nine  men  should  be  chosen  to  order  the  prudential  affairs  of 
the  plantation,  who  should  have  power  to  dispose  of  the  lands 
"in  lots  of  twelve,  eight,  or  six  acres,  as  in  their  discretion  they 
think  the  quality  of  the  estate  of  the  person  do  require."  This 
applied  to  house-lots.  It  was  further  ordered,  **that  all  other  lots 
to  be  divided  according  to  person  and  estate.  One  person  to  be 
valued  at  £12  sterling  in  the  division  of  lands,  and  that  no  person 
should  sell  his  improvements  but  to  such  as  the  towne  shall  accept 
of";  also  voted,  "that  the  meeting-house  shall  stand  in  the  midst 
of  the  town." 

On  "the  21st  of  the  4th  month"  (June),  a  town  meeting  was 
held,  but  the  records  of  it  are  so  mutilated  as  to  be  mostly 
illegible.  It  appears,  however,  to  relate  to  a  new  division  of  land. 
It  was  resolved  that  on  every  fortieth  day  a  meeting  should  be 
held  by  all  the  inhabitants  "for  the  consideration  and  acting  of 
such  necessary  affairs  as  concern  the  plantation." 

"At  a  town  meeting,  the  31st  day  of  the  4th  month  [June], 
1G44,  lots  were  drawn  for  a  division  of  the  woodland  between  the 
plain  and  the  town.  Shares  were  drawn  to  the  number  of  58  as 
follows : 


1.  Mr.  Winchester, 

2.  Mr.  Leonard, 

3.  Peter  Hunt, 

4.  William  Chceshorough, 

5.  Ralph  Allin, 

6.  John  Ilolbrook, 

7.  John  Perrani, 

8.  The  Schoolmaster, 

9.  Matthew  Pratt, 

10.  William  Carpenter, 

11.  Ephraini  Hunt, 

12.  Siinincl  Hnttcrworth, 

13.  Edward  Patterson, 

14.  James  Browne, 

15.  Richard  Bowin, 

16.  Mr.  Newman, 

17.  Mr.  Peck, 

18.  Walter  Palmer, 

19.  Abraham  Martin, 

20.  John  Sulton, 

21.  Robert  Morris, 

22.  John  Matthewes, 
2A.  Issac  Martin, 
24.  James  Walker, 


25.  Robert  Titus, 

26.  Edward  Scale, 

27.  George  KcMidrick, 

28.  [illogiblc], 

29.  Thomas  Bliss, 

30.  The  Pastor's, 

31.  Stephen  Payne, 

32.  Edward  Smith, 

33.  WilHam  Smith, 

34.  James  Clark, 

35.  The  Governour, 

36.  Edward  Bennett, 

37.  Obadiah  Holmes, 

38.  Mr.  Browne, 

39.  Thomas  Cooper, 

40.  Thomas  Holbrooke, 

41.  Thomas  Hitt, 

42.  John  Allin. 

43.  John  Meggs, 

44.  William  Sabin, 

45.  Mr.  Henry  Smith, 

46.  Zachery  Roades, 
\7,  Edward  Gilman, 

48.  Thomas  Clifton, 


24  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

49.  Joseph  Torrey,  64.  Mr.  B [illegible] , 

50.  Thomas  Dunn,  55.  The  Teacher, 

51.  Robert  Martin,  56.  John  Cooke, 

52.  Widow  Walker,  57.  Ralph  Shepard, 

53.  John  Miller,  58.  John  Reade." 

On  "the  3d  of  the  5th  month  [July],  1644,'*  the  inhabitants 
signed  a  compact  in  the  following  words: 

"This  combination,  entered  into  by  the  general  consent  of  all 
the  inhabitants,  after  general  notice  given  the  23d  of  the  4tli 
month. 

"We  whose  names  are  underwritten,  being,  by  the  providence 
of  God,  inhabitants  of  Seacunk,  intending  there  to  settle,  do 
covenant  and  bind  ourselves  one  to  another  to  subject  our  per- 
sons [torn  off],  (according  to  law  and  equity)  to  nine  persons,  any 
five  of  the  nine  which  shall  be  chosen  by  the  major  part  of  the 
inhabitants  of  this  plantation,  and  we  [torn  off]  to  be  subject  to  all 
wholesome  [torn  off]  by  them,  and  to  assist  them,  according  to 
our  ability  and  estate,  and  to  give  timely  notice  unto  them  of  any 
such  thing  as  in  our  conscience  may  prove  dangerous  unto  the 
plantation,  and  this  combination  to  continue  untill  we  shall  sul)- 
ject  ourselves  jointly  to  some  other  government. 

Walter  Palmer, 

Edward  Smith, 

Edward  Bennett, 

Robert  Titus, 

Abraham  Martin, 

John  Matthewes, 

Edward  Sale, 

Ralph  Shepherd, 

Samuel  Newman, 

William  Cheesborough,  Alex.  Winchester, 

Richard  Wright,  Henry  Smith, 

Robert  Martin,  Stephen  Payne, 

Richard  Bowen,  Ralph  Alin, 

Joseph  Torrey,  Thomas  Bliss, 

James  Clark,  George  Kendricke, 

Ephraim  Hunt,  John  Allen, 


Peter  Hunt,  William  Sabin, 

William  Smith,  Thomas  Cooper. 


>> 


John  Pcren, 
Zachery  Rlioades, 
Job  Lane, 

"The  12th  of  the  5th  mo.  [July],  1644.  At  a  meeting  upon 
public  notice  given,  it  is  ordered  tliat  such  as  shall  have  allot- 
ments in  the  three  divisions  of  lands  presently  to  l)e  laid  out  by 
Mr.  Oliver  and  his  partner,  Joseph  Fisher,  and  shall  not  pay  the 


./ 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS  25 

surveying  of  it,  by  the  28th  of  the  8th  month  [October],  next,  at 
Boston  or  Dedham,  according  to  the  proposition  of  Mr.  Oliver, 
sliall  forfeit  all  such  lands  laid  out  in  the  three  aforesaid  divis- 
ions, into  the  hands  of  the  nine  men  entrusted  with  the  town 
affairs,  who  are  desired  to  undertake  with  Mr.  Oliver  to  satisfy 
him  for  the  laying  out  of  the  aforesaid  divisions. 

**It  is  further  ordered,  the  day  above  written,  that  Will.  Chees- 
borough  is  to  have  division  in  all  lands  of  Seakunk  for  a  hundreci 
and  fifty-three  pounds  besides  what  he  is  to  have  for  his  own  pro- 
portion, and  that  in  way  of  consideration  for  the  pains  and  charges 
he  hath  been  at  for  setting  off  this  plantation." 

"At  a  general  meeting  of  the  town  of  Seacunk,  being  the  9th  of 
the  10th  month  [December],  1644,  at  lawful  warning  given,  by 
reason  of  many  meetings  and  other  strong  causes  for  the  easing 
of  the  great  trouble  and  for  the  [illegible]  and  the  deciding  of  con- 
troversies between  party  and  party,  as  well  as  the  proposing  of 
men's  levies  to  be  made  and  paid,  and  for  the  well  ordering  of 
the  town  affairs,  as  may  stand  with  future  equity,  according  to 
our  former  combination,  the  inhabitants  of  said  place  have  choose 
these  men  here  named: 

Alexander  Winchester,  William  Smith, 

Richard  Wright,  Stephen  Payne, 

Henry  Smith,  Richard  Bowen, 

Edward  Smith,  Robert  Martin." 

Walter  Palmer, 

The  first  meeting  of  these  townsmen,  as  they  were  styled,  was 
on  "the  3d  day  of  the  11th  mo.  [January]  1644,"  when  they  voted 
to  give  Robert  Morris,  "in  consideration  for  the  spare  lot  he  hath 
taken,"  the  first  lot  in  the  next  division. 

•The  26th  of  the  10th  mo.  [December]  1644,  at  a  meeting  of 
the  town  it  was  ordered,  that,  for  time  past,  and  for  time  to  come, 
that  all  workmen  that  have  or  shall  work  in  any  common  work, 
or  shall  work  for  any  particular  men,  shall  have  for  their  wages 
for  each  day's  work  as  foUoweth:  for  each  laborer,  from  the  first 
day  of  November  until  the  first  day  of  February,  ISd.  a  day,  and 
for  the  rest  of  the  year  20d.  a  day  except  the  harvest,  that  is  to 
say  while  men  are  reaping  harvests. 

"It  is  ordered  that  the  work  of  4  oxen  and  a  man  for  a  day 
[torn  off],  shilling  and  sixpence;  and  that  for  6  oxen  and  a  man 
seven  shillings;  and  for  eight  oxen  and  a  man,  eight  shillings." 

"The  10th  of  the  lltli  mo.  [January]  1644,  at  a  meeting  of  the 
townsmen  it  was  agreed  upon  that  all  those  that  are  underwritten 
have  forfeited  their  lots  for  not  fencing,  or  not  removing  their 
families  according  to  a  former  order,  made  the  24th  of  the  8th 
month,  1643;  therefore  we  do  enter  upon  them  for,  and  in  the 


26  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

behalf  of  the  town,  to  be  disposed  of  as  the  town  shall  think  meet, 
only  paying  them  for  their  necessaiy  diarges,  according  to  a 
former  order: 

Ralph  Shepherd,  John  Meggs, 

James  Browne,  Thomas  Cooper, 

Mr.  Leonard,  John  Sutton, 

Mr.  Peck,  Edward  Gihnan, 

Obadiah  Holmes,  Tho.  Hollmwke, 

James  Walker,  John  Holbrooke, 

-     The  Govemour*s  lot,  Mr.  Browne, 

Matthew  Pratt,  Edward  Patteson, 

Thomas  Dunn,  Ephraim  Hunt. 

"It  is  ordered,  the  day  and  year  above  written,  at  a  town 
meeting,  that  all  men  that  have  lots  granted  upon  the  nedc  of 
land,  shall  fence  so  much  fence  as  the  number  of  his  acres  cometh 
to,  by  the  15th  day  of  the  2d  month,  or  pay  2s.  for  eveiy  rod  that 
shall  not  be  fenced. 

"It  is  ordered  that  no  man  shall  fall  any  tree  or  trees  within  the 
space  of  eight  rods  of  the  road  and  of  house-lot,  upon  the  forfeit 
of  &s.  8d.  for  every  tree  fallen  without  the  consent  of  the  owner 
of  the  lot. 

"It  is  agreed  that  Edward  Bennett  shall  have  the  ground  that 
his  house  standeth  upon,  and  so  much  of  the  breadth  of  the 
ground  as  he  hath  railed  in  to  the  edge  of  the  hill  towards  the 
brook." 

•The  17th  day  of  the  12th  mo.  [Februaryl,  1644,  at  a  town 
meeting  it  was  agreed  upon,  that  whoever  hath  not  convenient 
land  to  plant,  for  present  getting  of  com,  shall  be  allowed  to 
plant  so  much  as  they  can  break  up  this  year,  and  shall  have  it 
six  years,  and  then  to  fall  to  the  town  again,  eitlicr  upon  Manton*s 
neck  or  else  upon  the  back  side  of  the  lots  on  the  south-east  side 
of  the  town." 

'The  26th  of  the  12th  mo.  [February],  1644,  at  a  meeting  of 
the  townsmen,  Richard  Wriglit,  Richard  Bowen,  Alexander  Win- 
chester, Walter  Palmer,  William  Smith,  Edward  Smith,  being 
present,  it  is  ordered  that  the  recording  of  any  man's  land  in  the 
town  book  shall  be  to  him  and  his  heirs  a  sufficient  assurance 
forever. 

*The  same  day  it  is  ordered  that  no  man's  lands  shall  be  re- 
corded until  he  shall  bring  to  the  Town  Clerk  a  note  for  his  lands, 
butted  and  bounded." 

It  will  be  observed  that  the  records  thus  far  bear  the  date  of 
"Seacunk"  or  "Seakunk."  Though  the  proprietors  purchased 
their  land  of  the  Plymouth  Colony,  yet  it  appears  from  the  com- 
pact signed  by  them  on  l)econiiiig  "inhabitants  of  Seacunk,"  that 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNAI^  27 

they  considered  themselves  independent  of  any  jurisdiction  but 
their  own,  though  they  were  afterwards  claimed  by  both  Plymouth 
and  Massachusetts  Bay.  In  1645,  they  submitted  themselves  to 
the  jurisdiction  of  the  Plymouth  Court,  or,  rather,  were  assigned 
to  that  by  the  Commissioners  of  the  United  Colonies,  and  were 
incorporated  by  the  Scripture  name  of  Rehobotht —  a  name  selected 
by  Mr.  Newman;  for,  said  he,  ** the  Lord  hath  made  room  for  ti?.'* 

Next  on  the  town  records  follow  the  registers  of  the  lands  of 
the  proprietors.  Here  we  find  the  following  names:  Mr.  Alex- 
ander Winchester,  Mr.  Howard,  Peter  Hunt,  William  Chees- 
borough,  Ralph  AUin,  John  Holbrooke,  John  Peram,  the  School- 
master, Matthew  Pratt,  William  Carpenter,  Samuel  Butterworth, 
Edward  Patteson,  James  Browne,  Richard  Bowen,  Mr.  Samuel 
Newman,  Mr.  Peck,  Abraham  Martin,  John  Sutton,  Robert  Mor- 
ris, John  Matthewes,  John  Fitch,  Robert  Titus,  George  Kendricke, 
Rolwrt  Sharp,  Thomas  Bliss,  The  Pastor,  Stephen  Paine,  Edward 
Smith,  James  Clarke,  William  Smith,  The  Governour,  Edward 
Bennett,  Obadiah  Holmes,  Mr.  John  Browne,  Thomas  Cooper, 
Thomas  Holbrooke,  Thomas  Hett,  John  Allin,  John  Meggs,  Wil- 
liam Sabin,  Henry  Smith,  Zachary  Roades,  Edward  Gilman, 
senior,  Thomas  Clifton,  Joseph  Torrey,  Widow  Walker,  Richard 
Ingram  (now  Ingraham),  The  Teacher,  Thomas  Loring,  Ralph 
Shepherd,  John  Reade,  John  Miller,  Richard  Wright. 

Baylies,  in  his  Memoir  of  Plymouth  Colony,  has  inserted  Robert 
Fuller  in  the  above  list,  but  the  date  of  the  registry  of  his  land  is 
not  till  1652,  though  it  stands  on  the  record  in  the  place  he  has 
assigned  to  it.  The  name  of  Thomas  Wilmot  (now  written  Will- 
marth)  is  also  found  in  the  same  list,  though  I  am  confident  that 
there  were  none  of  that  name  in  town  at  so  early  a  period  as  1645; 
and  another  name  appears  to  liave  been  erased,  and  this  written 
over  it  in  a  handwriting  of  more  modern  date. 

"The  16th  of  the  1st  mo.  [March],  1645,  at  a  general  meeting 
of  the  towne  upon  public  notice  given,  it  was  agreed  that  all  the 
fence  in  the  general  field  shall  be  fenced  by  the  23d  of  this  present 
month;  and  whosoever  shall  be  negligent,  and  not  repair  or  set 
up  his  fence  by  the  day  above  written,  shall  pay  sixpence  for  every 
rod  deficient,  and  the  damage  that  shall  come  to  any  man  by  the 
same. 

"The  same  day,  the  men  after  mentioned  were  made  choice  of 
to  view  the  fences  and  to  judge  of  the  sufficiency  of  them,  viz: 
Richard  Bowen,  Robert  Titus,  William  Smith,  Captain  Wright, 


28  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Alexander  Winchester,  Thomas  Bliss,  Stephen  Payne  and  Thomas 
Cooper. 

''The  same  day  were  made  choice  of  for  townsmen  those  men 
whose  names  are  underwritten,  for  one  whole  year,  viz: 

Mr.  Browne,  Thomas  Cooper, 

Stephen  Payne,  William  Carpenter, 

Mr.  Henry  Smith,  Edward  Smith." 
Robert  Martin, 

'The  16th  of  the  1st  mo.  [March],  1645,  it  was  agreed  upon  by 
the  towne  that  the  towne  shall  be  divided  into  two  parts  for  the 
making  of  the  foot  bridges  and  the  keeping  of  them,  and  the  high- 
ways leading  to  them  to  be  done  by  the  whole  town;  the  division 
to  begin  at  the  Widow  Walker's  and  so  on  to  Will.  Carpenter's 
and  so  on  to  half;  and  Robert  Martin  and  Thomas  Cooper  were 
made  choice  of  to  be  surveyors  to  oversee  the  work." 

"29th  of  the  2d  mo.  [April],  1645,  at  a  town  meeting  it  was 
agreed  upon  that  if  any  person  or  persons  shall  be  lacking  in 
[illegible]  to  the  number  of  six  months  shall  pay  I2d.  for  every 
default,  to  be  laid  upon  their  goods  and  chattelb. 

"The  same  day,  Richard  Bowen,  Walter  Palmer,  Stephen 
Payne,  Rol)crt  Martin,  William  Car|)cnter,  and  Peter  Hunt  were 
made  choice  of  to  hear  the  grievances  of  all  those  that  their 
meadow  is  defective,  and  give  allowance  to  every  man  according 
as  they  in  their  discretion  shall  think  meet,  both  in  fresh  meadow 
and  salt,  when  they  have  viewed  the  meadows  that  are  yet  un- 
lotted,  and  shall  give  to  every  man  as  they  shall  fall  by  lot. 

"It  is  agreed  that  they  shall  lay  out  lots  to  those  that  have  not 
according  to  their  estate.  That  they  shall  begin  at  the  upper  end 
of  the  meadow  next  to  the  fresh  water.  That  if  there  shall  not 
prove  fresh  meadow  enough  to  satisfy  all  that  want  fresh  meadow, 
that  then  for  them  to  give  salt  for  fresh.  It  is  agreed  that  these 
six,  or  any  four  of  them,  shall  determine  of  any  of  those  particulars 
above  mentioned." 

"The  28th  of  the  3d  mo.  [May],  1645,  at  a  meeting  of  the  towns- 
men, Richard  Wright,  Richard  Bowen,  Walter  Palmer,  Mr.  Henry 
Smith,  Mr.  Winchester,  William  Smith,  and  Edward  Smith  being 
present,  it  is  ordered  that  a  levy  shall  be  made  and  forthwith 
gathered,  of  I2d.  on  each  £lOO  estate,  to  be  paid  either  in  butter 
at  6c2.  a  lb.  or  in  wampum:  and  it  is  also  concluded  that  Robert 
Titus  and  William  Sabin  shall  be  collectors  of  said  revenue." 

"The  31st  of  Maie,  1645,  at  a  meeting  of  the  town  upon  public 
notice  given,  Stephen  Payne  and  William  Carpenter  were  chosen 
to  go  to  Plymouth,  to  the  Court,  to  certify  the  town's  minds." 

"The  2d  of  the  4th  mo.  [June],  1645,  at  a  general  meeting  of  the 
town  upon  public  notice  given,  it  was  agreed  upon  that  Walter 
Palmer,  William  Smith,  Mr.  Newman,  Alexander  Winchester, 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS  29 

William  Cheesborough,  and  Richard  Wright,  if  they  will,  shall 
lay  down  their  lots  of  salt  marsh,  where  it  was  cast  by  lot,  and 
shall  have  their  lots  in  the  new  meadow. 

"Those  whose  names  are  above  written  have  layed  down  their 
lots,  and  are  appointed  to  have  their  lots  in  the  new  meadow; 
and  whensoever  the  town  shall  dispose  of  those  lots  that  they 
leave,  whoever  shall  purchase  them  shall  pay  unto  them  6d.  an  acre. 

"It  is  agreed  that  those  men  that  were  chosen  the  29th  of  the 
2d  mo.  [April],  1645,  to  recompense  those  that  have  not  sufficient 
salt  marsh  and  fresh,  shall  view  the  new  meadow  by  John  [illegible] 
house,  and  if  they  see  it  meet,  shall  allow  it  to  Richard  Wright 
in  lieu  of  so  much  salt  marsh. 

"It  is  agreed  that  Robert  Martin  shall  have  the  lot  in  the  wood- 
land plain  that  was  laid  out  to  Mr.  I^onard,  being  the  second  lot." 

"The  9th  of  the  4th  mo.  [June],  1645,  at  a  meeting  of  the  town 
upon  public  notice  given,  those  seven  men  underwritten  were 
chosen  to  order  the  prudential  affairs  of  the  town  for  half  a  year, 
viz: 

Mr.  John  Browne,  sen.        William  Cheesborough, 

Stephen  Payne,  Mr.  Alexander  Winchester, 

Richard  Wright,  Edward  Smith. 

Walter  Palmer, 

"The  same  day  lots  were  drawn  for  the  great  plain,  beginning 
upon  the  west  side;  and  he  that  is  first  upon  the  west  side  shall  be 
last  upon  the  east." 

The  lots  were  drawn  by  the  following  persons,  in  the  following 
order,  viz: 

1.  Stephen  Payne,  20.  John  Cooke, 

2.  Widow  Walker,  21.  Mr.  Browne, 

3.  Robert  Martin,  22.  William  Cheesborough, 

4.  Edward  Oilman,  23.  Ralph  Allin, 

5.  Ralph  Shepherd,  24.  James  Browne, 

6.  Richard  Wright,  25.  The  Governour,    - 

7.  Abraham  Martin,  26.  William  Smith, 

8.  The  Teacher,  27.  John  Sutton, 

9.  Will.  Carpenter,  28.  Job  Laine, 

10.  Robert  Titus,  29.  Thom.  Cooper, 

11.  Walter  Palmer,  30.  Thomas  Bliss, 

12.  James  Walker,  31.  John  Peram, 

13.  Alexander  Winchester,  32.  Joseph  Torrey, 

14.  Samuel  Butterworth,  33.  John  Holbrooke, 

15.  William  Sabin,  34.  James  Clarke, 
10.  Thomas  Hitt,  35.  Edward  Sale, 

17.  Edward  Smith,  36.  George  Kendricke, 

18.  Edward  Bennett,  37.  Mr.  Leonard, 

19.  Thomas  Clifton,  38.  Richard  Bowen, 


30  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

30.  Edward  Patteson,  40.  The  Solioolinustcr, 

40.  John  Reade,  50.  Mr.  Peck, 

41.  John  Matthews,  51.  Richard  Ingram, 

42.  Matthew  Pratt,  52.  Isaac  Martin, 

43.  Robert  Sharpe,  53.  John  Allin, 

44.  Ephraim  &  Peter  Hunt,         54.  Mr.  Henry  Smith, 

45.  Zachary  Roades,  55.  Mr.  Newman, 

46.  John  Meggs,  56.  The  Pastor, 

47.  John  Miller,  57.  Obadiah  Holmes, 

48.  Thomas  Holbrooke,  58.  Robert  Morris. 

"The  28th  of  the  5th  mo.  [July]  1645,  at  a  town  meeting,  it 
was  agreed  upon,  that  a  rate  of  10«.  in  every  £100  estate  should 
be  levied  upon  every  man,  upon  his  land  and  goods." 

*The  20th*  of  the  10th  month  [December],  1645. 
''Whereas  there  was  a  second  agreement  made  with  the  Indians 
for  their  full  consent  in  their  removing  from  Wannamoiset,  and  the 
value  of  fifteen  pounds  sterling  to  be  paid  them,  or  thereabouts 
in  several  commodities:  it  was  in  several  town  meetings  ex- 
pounded that  if  any  one  man  would  pay  that  particular  purchase, 
they  should  have  that  land,  with  twelve  acres  lying  at  Wache- 
moquit  cove,  and  so  much  more  land  at  Wanamoyset  as  should 
be  thought  worth  the  payment  of  the  same.  Afterward  Richard 
Bowen,  Robert  Martin,  Stephen  Payne,  by  the  appointment  of 
the  rest  of  the  townsmen,  viewed  and  laid  out  that  neck  of  land 
called  and  known  by  the  name  of  Wannamoyset  neck,  from  the 
salt  water  where  the  Indians  had  formerly  made  a  hedge,  ranging 
unto  the  north  end  of  the  Indian  field  and  so  round  about  the  said 
Indian  field  unto  the  salt  water.  Whereupon,  the  20th  of  the  10th 
month,  1645,  Mr.  John  Brown,  in  a  town  meeting,  did  promise 
and  undertake  to  pay  the  said  purchase  in  consideration  that  the 
said  lands  to  belong  to  him  and  his  heirs  and  assigns  forever. 
And  it  was  further  agreed  upon  in  the  said  town  meeting  that  in 
all  divisions  of  lands  that  was,  or  hereafter  should  be  made,  that 
what  proportion  should  fall  to  his  share  after  the  rate  of  £300 
estate  should  l)e  laid  forth  to  him,  adjoining  to  the  aforesaid  lands 
on  the  farther  side  of  the  town,  or  towards  the  salt  marsh,  or  so 
as  may  be  both  least  prejudicial  to  the  town  or  to  himself,  saving 
that  44  acres  upon  the  Wachemoquit  neck  already  allotted  him 
to  be  part  of  the  same;  and  he  doth  farther  agree  to  accept  of 
ten  acres  of  salt  marsh  where  he  mowed  this  year,  formerly 
allotted  to  him  in  full  of  all  meadow  land  belonging  to  the  town; 
and  doth  further  promise,  that  when  the  rest  of  the  townsmen 
shall  fence  the  rest  of  their  lands  already  allotted  on  Wachemoquit 
neck,  he  to  fence  his  part  with  them,  and  to  bear  his  part  in  town 
charges  after  the  aforesaid  sum  of  £300  estate;  and  he  doth  further 

'Baylies  says  "20th/*  but  incorrectly:  the  manuscript  is  plain  and  cannot 
be  mistaken. 


EARLY  SETfLERS  AND  ANNALS  31 

promise  not  to  make  any  such  fence  so  far  into  the  salt  water  upon 
the  westerly  side  of  Wanamoyset  neck  as  shall  bar  out  hogs  from 
coming,  nor  fence  the  south  point  of  the  said  neck  a  quarter  of  a 
mile  on  the  west  side  of  the  said  neck." 

"26th  of  the  10th  month  [December]  1645,  at  a  meeting  of  the 
townsmen,  it  was  voted  that  the  house-lot  and  the  rest  of  the  ac- 
commodations that  was  laid  out  for  John  Sutton,  forasmuch  as  he 
hath  not  come  to  live  amongst  us,  nor  fulfilled  the  order  agreed 
upon,  and  bearing  date  the  24th  of  the  8th  month  1643,  be  granted 
to  William  Devell" 

It  was  also  voted  the  same  day,  "that  a  fence  shall  be  made  be- 
tween the  Lidian  lands,  at  the  marked  tree,  from  sea  to  sea,  by 
the  last  day  of  the  2d  month  next,  and  the  fence  of  five  rails  to  be 
laid  out  by  Robert  Martin  and  Edward  Smith  and  2  more,  and 
they  shall  begin  at  the  east  side  of  the  neck,  and  so  to  the  west. 
WaJter  Palmer  shall  do  the  first  fence,  Abraham  Martin  the 
second,  and  so  accordingly  as  the  house-lots  fall  in  order  round 
the  to\m;*  and  if  any  man  shall  fail,  or  be  negligent  to  set  up  his 
fence  by  tlic  day  fixed,  he  shall  forfeit  for  every  rod  not  set  up, 
two  shillings,  to  be  employed  for  the  use  of  the  town  by  the  towns- 
men, [one  line  here  illegible]  and  those  that  are  employed  for  the 
setting  up  the  fence  shall  have  an  abatement  in  their  fence  so 
much  as  comes  to  their  labor." 

**The  15th  of  the  lltli  month  [January]  1645,  at  a  general  meet- 
ing of  the  town  upon  public  notice  given,  it  was  agreed  upon  that 
a  fence  shall  be  made,  to  fence  in  the  land  upon  the  neck,  that  is 
laid  out  to  be  planted,  by  the  15th  day  of  the  2d  month  next; 
and  whosoever  shall  be  negligent,  and  not  set  up  so  much  as  cometh 
to  their  part  of  good  sufficient  fence,  shall  forfeit  for  every  rod  not 
set  up  by  the  day  mentioned,  1  shilling  2d,  a  rod,  and  the  damage 
that  shall  come  thereby." 

**The  23d  of  the  4th  mo.  [June]  1646,  at  a  general  meeting  of 
the  town,  Stephen  Payne,  William  Carpenter  and  Walter  Palmer, 
were  made  choice  of  to  view  the  fence  upon  the  neck;  and  in 
case  they  find  any  not  to  be  sufficient,  that  they  shall  give  pres- 
ently notice  to  those  that  own  the  fence,  and  give  them  a  sufficient 
time  for  mending  it,  as  they  in  their  discretion  shall  think  meet; 
and,  if  that  it  be  not  sufficiently  mended  by  the  time  set,  then 
they  shall  pay  2s,  6d.  for  every  rod  deficient,  to  be  employed  for 
the  setting  up  of  said  fence,  and  they  shall  pay  all  damages  that 
shall  come  by  the  defects  during  the  neglect." 

"The  8th  of  the  8th  mo.  [October]  1646,  at  a  general  meeting 
of  the  town  upon  public  notice  given,  it  was  agreed  that  John 

'The  town  was  built  in  a  semicircular  form,  around  what  is  now  Seekonk 
Common  (the  south  extremity  of  the  plain),  with  the  meeting-house  and  par- 
sonage in  the  center:  the  semicircle  opening  towards  Seekonk,  or  Pawtucket 
River.  This  circle  was  afterwards  called  "The  Ring  of  the  town,"  or  "The 
Ring  of  the  Green." 


32  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTII 

Doget  shall  have  all  the  lands  that  were  laid  out  for  John  Megges; 
and,  because  there  was  no  lot  laid  out  for  him  upon  the  great 
plain,  it  was  agreed  upon,  that  he  shall  have  both  his  allotments 
according  to  the  estate,  upon  the  great  plain,  and  to  begin  upon  the 
south  side. 

"At  the  same  time  it  was  agreed  that  the  townsmen  shall  make 
a  rate  to  get  the  town  out  of  debt,  and  also  a  rate  so  much  as  shall 
build  a  meeting-house. 

"At  the  same  time  it  was  agreed  that  whosoever  shall  kill  a 
wolf  or  wolves,  he  shall  have  20«.  for  every  wolf,  and  to  be  levied 
upon  the  heads  of  beasts,  geese  and  hogs." 

"The  13th  of  the  10th  mo.  [December]  1646,  at  a  meeting  of 
the  townsmen,  it  was  agreed  upon,  that  if  any  cattle  shall  be 
found  either  in  the  planting  fields  of  Wachemoquit,  or  in  the  wood- 
land plain,  so  long  as  any  corn  is  growing  upon  it,  without  a  suffi- 
cient keeper,  he  [the  owner]  shall  pay  I2d,  for  every  beast  so  found; 
and  it  shall  be  lawful  for  any  person  or  persons,  that  shall  find 
any  cattle  in  said  fields  to  bring  them  to  the  pound,  and  take  the 
forfeiture:  and  if  the  owner  of  the  cattle  shall  find  any  man's 
fence  not  sufficient,  it  shall  be  lawful  for  him  to  recover  the  damage 
of  him  that  owns  the  fence,  provided  that  there  be  8  or  10  acres 
in  the  field. 

"It  was  agreed  that  if  any  man  shall  take  down  any  general 
fence,  or  any  man's  particular  fence,  upon  any  occasion,  and 
shall  not  set  it  up  again  as  sufficiently  as  he  found  it,  he  shall 
pay  for  every  time  so  left  12d,  besides  the  damage  that  shall  come 
thereby. 

"It  was  agreed  upon  that  all  general  fence  in  the  town  shall  be 
kept  up  sufficiently,  and  whosoever  shall  be  found  deficient  shall 
forfeit  I2d.  for  every  rod,  besides  the  damages:  this  order  to  take 
place  by  the  first  day  of  the  first  month  next." 

"The  7th  of  January,  1646,  John  Hazell  sold  unto  William 
Devill  the  house  which  he,  the  said  William  Devill,  now  dwelleth 
in,  and  the  house-lot,"  &c. 

"The  20th  of  the  11th  mo.  [January]  1646,  at  a  general  meet- 
ing of  the  town  upon  public  notice  given,  it  was  agreed  upon 
that  no  man  shall  mow  any  part  of  the  salt  marsh  that  is  upon 
the  Wachemoquit  neck;  and,  if  he  shall  hire,  shall  forfeit  ten 
shillings  for  every  acre  so  mowne. 

"It  was  agreed  upon  that  John  Peram  shall  have  a  platt  of 
meadow  that  lyeth  near  Manton's  neck,  in  satisfaction  of  his 
meadow,  so  far  as  it  shall  be  thought  fit  by  those  that  are  to  view 
the  defect  of  the  meadow." 

'The  9th  of  the  12th  mo.  [February]  1646,  at  a  meeting  of  the 
townsmen,  were  made  choice  of,  to  view  the  fence  of  the  town 
lots,  those  persons  following,  viz:  William  Carpenter  and  llobert 


EARLY  SETTLERS    AND    ANNALS  33 

Titus,  William  Smith  and  John  Dogget,   Stephen  Paine  and 
Thomas  Cooper,  Thomas  Bliss  and  Alexander  Winchester. 

"The  same  day  it  was  agreed  that  Edward  Sale,  John  Dogget, 
William  Sabin,  John  Peram,  and  William  Thayer,  shall  have  leave 
to  set  up  a  weier  upon  the  cove,  before  William  DevilFs  house, 
and  one  upon  Pawtucket  river;  and  they  shall  [illegible]  the 
[illegible]  of  them  during  the  [illegible]  of  [illegible]  provided  that 
they  hinder  not  either  English  nor  Indians  from  fishing  at  the 
falls  in  either  place;  and  they  shall  sell  their  alwives  at  2^.  a  thou- 
sand, and  their  other  fish  at  reasonable  rates;  and  they  shall 
make  their  weieres  so  as  shall  not  hinder  the  passage  of  boats, 
and  that  no  man  shall  fish  above  their  weier  with  any  draft  net: 
provided  if  they  set  not  up  their  weier  in  a  twelvemonth,  that 
it  shall  be  lawful  for  any  man  else  to  set  up  a  weier  upon  the 
same  terms." 

"The  18th  of  the  12th  mo.  [February]  1646,  at  a  meeting  of 
the  towne  it  was  agreed  to  draw  lots  for  the  new  meadow,  and  to  be 
divided  according  to  person  and  estate,  only  those  that  were  under 
£150  estate  to  be  made  up  150.  They  were  drawn  as  foUowelh: 

1.  Robert  Sharp,  24.  WiUiam  Sabin, 

2.  Nicholas  Ide,  26.  Robert  Wheaton, 

3.  Isaac  Martin,  26.  Thomas  Bliss, 

4.  Mr.  Newman,  27.  Widow  Bennet, 

5.  Thomas  Clifton,  28.  Mr.  Henry  Smith, 

6.  Ralph  Allin.  29.  Edward  Smith, 

7.  Robert  Fuller,  30.  Ademia  Morris, 

8.  Edward  Sale,  31.  John  Peram, 

9.  Joseph  Torrey,  32.  Peter  Hunt, 

10.  John  Fitch,  33.  John  Miller, 

11.  Abraham  Martin,  34.  Richard  Ingram, 

12.  Walter  Palmer,  35.  Mr.  Alexander  Winchester 

13.  William  Devill,  36.  George  Wright, 

14.  Edward  Gilman,  37.  Zachary  Roades, 

15.  Richard  Bowin,  38.  George  Kendricke, 

16.  Robert  Titus,  39.  John  Matthewse, 

17.  Robert  Martin,  40.  John  Dogget, 

18.  Widow  Walker,  41.  Robert  Abell, 

19.  George  Robinson,  42.  William  Carpenter, 

20.  Thomas  Cooper,  43.  Mr.  Peck, 

21.  Obadiah  Holmes,  44.  John  Allin, 

22.  Stephen  Paine,  45.  Will.  Cheesborough, 

23.  James  Redwaie,  46.  William  Smith." 

•The  28th  of  the  2d  mo.  [April]  1647,  George  Wright  sold 
unto  William  Dogget,  all  his  rights,  privileges  and  immunities, 
consisting  of  his  house  and  house-lot  of  seven  acres,  seventeen 
acres  in  the  woodland  plain,  a  lot  upon  the  great  plain,  and  15 
rods  of  fresh  meadow  lying  in  the  forty-acre  meadow." 


34  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

'The  26th  of  the  3d  mo.  [May]  1647,  at  a  general  meeting  of 
the  town  upon  public  notice  given,  Stephen  Paine  and  Wdter 
Palmer  were  chosen  to  be  committees  for  the  Court.  At  the  same 
time  Thomas  Cooper  and  Thomas  Clifton  were  chosen  to  be 
grand-jury-men  for  this  year.  And  at  the  same  time  William 
Smith  was  chosen  constable  for  this  year;  and  Thomas  Bliss  and 
Robert  Titus  were  chosen  supervisors  of  the  highways  for  this 
year;  and  Mr.  Browne,  Mr.  Peck,  Stephen  Paine,  Mr.  Winchester, 
Richard  Bowen,  William  Carpenter,  and  Edward  Smith,  were 
chosen  townsmen  for  the  present  year." 

At  the  same  meeting,  cattle  were  prohibited  from  the  planting 
grounds  of  Wachemoquit,  on  a  fine  of  I2d.  per  head. 

'^be  28th  of  the  4th  mo.  [June]  1647,  the  towne  gave  to  John 
Titus  the  lot  before  granted  to  Matthew  Pratt;  and  also  gave  to 
John  Woodcocke  the  lot  before  granted  to  Edward  Pateson." 

"The  29th  of  the  7th  mo.  [September]  1647,  at  a  general  meeting 
of  the  towne  upon  public  notice  given,  the  island  of  salt  marsh, 
that  lyeth  in  the  river  between  the  neck  of  land  belonging  to  the 
town  and  Mr.  Henry  Smith's  salt  marsh,  was  given  to  Richard 
Ingram,  in  lieu  of  an  allotment  of  salt  marsh. 

"At  the  same  time  a  parcel  of  salt  marsh  that  lyeth  in  Edward 
Smith's  land  in  the  woodland  plaine  was  given  to  Edward  Sale. 

"The  same  day  it  was  ordered  that  no  man  shall  keep  any 
gates  upon  any  common,  or  any  man's  property  but  his  own, 
within  three  miles  of  the  town,  after  the  first  day  of  the  6th  month 
next,  upon  penalty  of  five  shillings  for  every  goie  so  kept." 

"The  24th  of  November,  1647,  at  a  meeting  of  the  townsmen  it 
was  agreed  that  every  inhabitant  that  hath  a  team  shall  work 
with  his  team  and  one  man  four  days  in  a  year  at  the  highway, 
and  every  inhabitant  that  hath  no  team  shall  find  a  sudicicnt 
labourer  four  days  in  a  year,  being  lawfully  warned  by  the  super- 
visor of  the  highway;  but  if  the  supervisors  in  their  discretion 
shall  see  more  need  of  labourers  than  of  teams,  that  those  that 
have  a  team  shall  send  two  labourers  instead  of  their  teams, 
being  so  warned  of  the  supervisor." 

"The  4th  of  the  11th  mo.  [January]  1647,  at  a  meeting  of  the 
town  upon  public  notice  given,  the  residue  of  the  allotment  that 
was  given  unto  Matthew  Pratt,  he  not  having  remained  in  town, 
was  given  unto  Richard  Bulok"  (now  written  Bullock). 

"The  13th  of  the  11th  mo.  [January]  1647,  Ademia  Morris, 
executor  to  Robert  Morris,  sold  to  Nicholas  Ide  his  home  lot." 

*The  3d  of  the  12th  month  [February]  1647,  at  a  general  meet- 
ing of  the  town  upon  public  notice  given,  it  was  agreed  upon 
that  every  inhabitant  in  the  town,  that  hath  land  upon  the  wood- 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS  35 

land  plain,  shall  meet  together  at  his  alotment,  and  set  up  suffi- 
cient stakes  for  bound  marks  to  his  land,  upon  the  second  day 
in  the  second  month  next:  and  it  was  ordered  that  the  drum  shall 
be  beat  up  near  the  meeting-house  as  a  signal  for  each  man  to 
repair  to  his  lot.'* 

At  the  same  meeting  it  was  also  ^'agreed  upon.  Whereas  it  hath 
pleased  the  Court  of  Plymouth  to  give  us  power  to  try  all  manner 
of  differences  by  way  of  action  between  party  and  party,  that  is 
under  the  value  of  ten  pounds,  that  there  shall  be  four  Courts 
kept  every  year,  upon  the  several  days  following,  viz:  upon  the 
last  Thursday  of  the  third  month,  upon  the  last  Thursday  of  the 
sixth  month,  upon  the  last  Thursday  of  the  ninth  month,  and  upon 
the  last  Thursday  of  the  twelfth  month.  And  it  is  agreed  that 
the  jurors  shall  have  sixpence  apiece  for  every  case  tried  by  them. 

"It  is  ordered  that  the  constable  shall  have  6d.  for  every  jury 
warned  by  him,  and  6d.  for  attending  upon  the  jury  for  every 
action." 

"The  12tli  of  the  2d  mo.  [April]  1G48,  at  a  ccncral  meeting 
of  the  town  upon  public  notice  given,  John  Allin  was  chosen 
constable  for  the  year  following,  and  John  Dogget  and  Robert 
Titus  were  chosen  deputies  for  the  towne,  and  Joseph  Torrey 
and  Robert  Sharpe  were  chosen  grand-jurymen,  and  John  Miller 
and  John  Peram  were  chosen  supervisors  of  the  highways,  and 
Mr.  Browne,  Mr.  Peck,  Richard  Bowin,  Stephen  Paine,  William 
Carpenter,  William  Smith  were  chosen  townsmen. 

"At  the  same  meeting  it  was  agreed  upon  that  there  shall  be 
added  to  the  row  of  lots  from  Thomas  Clifton's  to  Robert  Titus's 
lot  2  rods  out  of  the  common;  and  it  shall  begin  at  a  notching 
at  the  outside  of  Thomas  Clifton's  lot,  and  so  go  on  to  2  rods; 
but,  if  it  be  not  prejudicial  to  the  highway,  it  shall  begin  at  2 
rods  wide  throughout." 

"The  18th  of  July,  1648,  the  towne  gave  to  Roger  Ammidowne 
a  house-lot  between  Walter  Palmer's  house-lot  and  the  mill," 
besides  a  piece  of  salt  marsh  and  other  lands. 

"The  11th  of  the  11th  mo.  [January]  1648,  at  a  general  meeting 
of  the  town  upon  public  notice  given,  Mr.  Peck  and  Stephen  Paine 
were  chosen  assistants  to  assist  Mr.  Browne  in  matters  of  con- 
troversy at  Court. 

"It  was  agreed  that  the  townsmen  shall  make  a  levy  for  the 
finishing  of  the  meeting-house,  and  for  the  county  tax  and  to  set 
the  town  out  of  debt. 

**The  lot  that  was  given  unto  George  Robinson,  being  for- 
feited into  the  town's  hands,  was  given  unto  John  Sutton,  he  pay- 
ing unto  George  Robinson  his  necessary  charges  laid  out  upon  it." 

"The  11th  of  the  3d  mo.  [May]  1649,  at  a  general  meeting 
of  the  town  upon  public  notice  given,  it  was  agreed  upon  that 


36  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

William  Devill  shall  be  constable  for  the  next  year;  Stephen 
Paine  and  Robert  Titus  were  chosen  de{Hities  for  the  Court; 
Thomas  Cooper  and  Obadiah  Holmes  were  diosen  grand  juiy- 
men;  and  Richard  Bowen  and  Robert  Sharpe  were  diosen  sur- 
veyors of  the  highways/* 

""July  12th,  1649,  at  a  general  town  meeting  upon  public  notice 
given,  it  was  agreed  upon  that  there  should  be  a  dilligent  acmh 
made  to  find  out  the  nearest  and  most  convenient  way  between 
Rehoboth  and  Dedham;  and  Mr.  Browne  and  Stephen  Paine 
were  chosen  to  compound  with  the  survevcHs,  and  to  agree  for 
such  help  as  should  be  requisite  for  him  or  them  to  have.** 

'The  24th  of  the  4th  mo.  [June]  1650^  at  a  town  meeting,  those 
men  underwritten  were  chosen  townsmen  for  this  year: 

Mr.  Browne,  Richard  Bowen, 

Mr.  Peck,  William  Smith, 

Steph.  Payne,  Robert  Martin. 
Tho.  Cooper, 

''At  the  same  meeting  the  town  gave  permission  to  these  men 
chosen  to  call  a  town  meeting  so  often  as  need  shall  require.** 

"The  10th  mo.  pOecember  1650,  the  county  rate  was  agreed  on.*' 
At  the  same  meeting  it  was  voted  "to  have  a  convenient  way, 
four  rods  wide  (to  be  made  by  Edward  Smith),  to  be  for  the  town's 
use,  or  any  that  shall  have  occasion  to  pass  from  town  to  Provi- 
dence, or  to  Mr.  Blackstone*s.** 

"The  15th  day  of  the  1st  mo.  [March],  1651,  at  a  towne  meeting, 
it  was  agreed  on  that  Peter  Hunt  should  accompany  Mr.  Browne 
to  PlymouUi  to  make  agreement  about  the  Indian  complaints.*' 

'The  19th  day  of  the  3d  mo.  [May],  1651,  chosen  deputies 
Stephen  Payne  and  Richard  Bowen,  for  the  Court  at  Plymouth; 
Walter  Palmer  and  Peter  Hunt  to  be  grand  juiymen.  Surveyors 
for  the  highways,  William  Smith  and  John  Read." 

"The  18th  of  October,  1651,  these  were  chosen  townsmen,  vis: 
Mr.  Browne,  Thomas  Cooper, 

Mr.  Peck,  Richard  Bowen, 

Stephen  Payne,  Robert  Martin. 

Peter  Hunt, 

"At  the  same  time  Peter  Hunt  was  chosen  Town  Clerk.'** 

"26th  of  the  12th  mo.  1651.  It  was  agreed  on  that  Robert 
Abell  and  Richard  Bullock  should  bum  the  commons  round 

^Here  «  new  h«ndwriting  Appeara  on  the  records,  nnd  the  chnrncters  used 
become  much  modernised. 

"This  is  the  first  mention  made  in  the  records  of  any  one  being  chosen  for 
this  office.  The  records  back  to  July  12,  1649,  and  those  that  follow  the  date 
of  Mr.  Hunt's  election  appear  to  be  in  the  same  handwriting. 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS  37 

about,  from  the  Indian  fence,  all  on  the  neck,  to  the  new  meadow 
near,  and  so  far  about  the  fresh  meadows  as  may  be  convenient; 
and  they  arc  to  have  20s.  for  their  pains,  and  to  begin  the  15th 
of  March  next,  and  to  be  paid  out  of  the  first  rate." 

**The  3d  mo.  [May]  1652.  The  townsmen  counted  with  John 
Reed  for  two  rates,  one  for  the  Indians  pay,  being  £7  lOs.;  and 
the  other  a  county  rate,  being  £5  Is.  8d.  The  Indian  rate  due  in 
his  hand  of  wampum,  at  8  a  penny,  18^.  2d.  Of  the  county  rate 
remains  due  from  the  town  from  him  14s.  2d.  Then  bought  of 
John  Reed  two  muskets  for  the  town's  use,  cost  £2  8^.,  and  to  be 
set  oflF  in  the  rates  that  he  did  owe  to  the  town." 

"The  24th  of  the  3d  mo.  [May]  1652,  at  a  town  meeting  being 
lawfully  warned,  Stephen  Payne  and  Thomas  Cooper  were  chosen 
deputies;  Walter  Palmer  was  chosen  constable;  Henry  Smith  and 
Robert  Fuller  grand  jurymen;  and  Joseph  Pecke  and  Jonathan 
Bliss  way- wardens." 

"June  the  11th,  4th  mo.  1652.  It  was  voted,  that  by  the  assent 
of  the  town  then  present,  and  being  lawfully  warned,  that  those 
lots  which  lie  beyond  the  lot  of  Goodman  Mathew  should  remain 
to  the  ox-pastor,*  and  henceforth  not  be  lotted." 

•*The  9th  of  the  7th  mo.  [September]  1652.  At  a  town  meeting 
being  lawfully  warned,  those  men  whose  names  are  underwritten 
were  chosen  raters,  to  make  a  rate  of  20  pounds  for  to  buy  a  barrel 
of  po\^der  and  two  muskets,  4  swords,  match  and  lead,  bandoleers 
or  porchers : 

Mr.  Peck,  Thomas  Cooper, 

Peter  Hunt,  John  Reed, 

John  Peram,  John  Allin. 

"It  was  also  agreed  on  at  the  same  time,  that  wheat  should  be 
paid  at  4^.  6d.  the  bushel,  or  good  wampum  at  eight  the  penny, 
for  buying  of  those  things  above  expressed." 

**The  28th  of  March,  1653,  it  was  concluded  and  agreed  upon, 
that  Robert  Abell  should  have  three  acres  of  meadow  on  the 
north  side  of  the  line,  next  the  town,  next  the  line  that  parteth 
the  land  of  the  purchasers  and  the  town  of  Rehoboth.  This 
meadow  was  given  them  by  Mr.  Prince,  Captain  Standish  and  Mr. 
Winslow." 

*The  13th  of  the  3d  mo.  [May]  1653,  at  a  town  meeting  law- 
fully warned,  those  were  chosen,  viz:  Stephen  Payne  and  Thomas 
Cooper,  deputies;  William  Sabin  and  Joseph  Pecke,  grand  jury- 
men; Robert  Martin,  constable;  Richard  Bowen  and  Thomas 
Redway,  overseers  of  the  ways." 

'This  lay  northeast  of  Seekonk  Common,  between  the  new  road  from 
Seekonk  to  Pawtucket  and  the  Pawtucket  or  Seekonk  River,  and  extended  as 
far  down  on  the  river  as  Manton's  Neck.  It  is  still  known  by  the  name  of 
"the  Ox  Pastor." 


38  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 


'There  were  chosen  at  time  of  training,  Peter  Hunt  for 
anty  and  John  Browne  for  Enaign." 

This  is  the  first  notice  found  in  the  records  of  the  appmntment 
of  military  officers.  This  company  is  said  to  have  been  commanded 
for  some  years  by  a  Lieutenant,  and  to  have  been  styled  "a 
Lieutenant's  company,"  the  number  of  members  not  being  large 
enough  to  entitle  it  to  a  higher  officer. 

'The  25th  of  October,  1653,  at  a  town  meeting  lawfully  warned, 
the  following  men  were  chosen  raters  for  the  sums  of  the  county 

[>ay,  viz:   Stephen  Payne,  Richard  Bowen,  William  Smith,  Wil- 
iam  Carpenter,  senior,  and  Peter  Hunt. 

**At  the  same  meeting  it  was  agreed  on  b^  the  town,  that  the 
Indians  should  have  4  pounds  in  wampum,  m  recompence  of  the 
damage  they  have  suffered  in  their  com  by  hogs  and  horses,  this 
two  years;  and  the  wampum  to  be  paid  out  of  the  wampum  which 
remains  in  Walter  Palmer's  hands." 

"At  a  town  meeting  lawfully  warned,  the  12th  of  December, 
in  the  year  1653,  voted  that  the  price  of  com  should  be  5«., 
wheat  5«.,  rye  4«.,  and  Indian  com  Skr.  (provided  that  the  com  be 
current  and  merchantable  com.) 

"At  the  same  time  those  men  were  chosen  to  be  townsmen,  vis: 

Mr.  Brown,  Thomas  Cooper,  William  Smith, 

Stephen  Payne,  William  Carpenter,      Robert  Martin." 

Richard  Bowen, 

"The  10th  of  the  11th  mo.  [January]  1653.  Voted  that  the 
Indians  that  kill  any  wolves  are  to  be  paid  out  of  the  rate  by  the 
constable." 

*The  22d  of  the  12th  mo.  [February]  1653.  At  a  town  meeting 
lawfully  warned,  Stephen  Payne,  senior,  and  Thomas  Cooper, 
senior,  were  chosen  deputies,  to  be  present  at  Plymouth,  at  the 
next  Court  in  March,  to  performe  the  business  there  that  the 
warrand  doth  require,  in  behalf  of  the  town,  with  full  power  in 
that  behalf." 

"The  10th  of  the  3d  mo.  [May]  1654,  Stephen  Payne,  senior, 
and  Peter  Hunt  were  chosen  deputies  for  the  Court;  Anthony 
Perry  and  John  Allin  were  chosen  grand-jurymen;  for  constable, 
Stephen  Payne,  jr.  or  Mr.  Peck;  for  surveyors  of  the  highways, 
William  Carpenter,  senior,  Cieorge  Kendricke  and  Stephen 
Payne,  jr." 

"The  22d  of  the  3d  mo.  [May]  1654,  were  chosen  for  military 
officers,  Peter  Hunt,  for  Lieutenant;  John  Brown,  jr.  for  Ensign, 
and  allowed  to  stand  by  the  Honourable  Bench  at  Plymouth 
Court." 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNAI5  39 

"The  15th  of  the  7th  mo.  [September]  1654,  at  a  town  meeting 
lawfully  warned,  there  were  chosen  raters  for  the  making  of  the 
county  rate,  and  for  a  town  rate  for  the  present  debts,  viz:  Stephen 
Payne,  Richard  Bowen,  Peter  Hunt,  John  Reed  and  Robert 
Martin. 

"At  the  same  time  Richard  Bowen  was  chosen  Town  Clerk." 

*The  28th  of  June,  1654.  Were  chosen  for  the  considering  of 
such  lands  as  shall  be  recorded  in  the  town  books,  for  the  clearing 
the  rights  of  any  person,  Mr.  Peckc,  Thomas  Cooper,  John  Allin, 
Stephen  Payne  and  Richard  Bowen." 

"The  21st  of  July,  1654.  At  a  town  meeting  lawfully  warned, 
Stephen  Payne,  sen.,  and  Peter  Hunt  were  chosen  deputies  for 
the  attendance  of  the  Court  in  August  next." 

"The  13th  of  the  10th  [December]  1654.  At  a  meeting  of  the 
townsmen  it  was  agreed  on  that  the  price  of  corn  for  to  pay  the 
town  debts  [something  here  appears  to  have  been  omitted]  that 
wheat  should  pass  at  5a*.,  rye  at  7s,  and  Indian  to  pass  at  3«." 

"The  1st  of  the  12th  mo.  [February],  1654,  at  a  town  meeting 
lawfully  warned,  it  was  agreed  and  voted,  that  Mr.  Browne 
should  have  for  his  use  four  square  rods  of  ground  to  build  a  house 
on,  something  near  the  meeting-house. 

"At  the  same  time  Robert  Abell  was  ordered  to  keep  the 
Ordinary." 

"In  the  year  1655,*  the  22d  of  the  1st  mo.  [March]  at  a  town 
meeting  lawfully  warned,  it  was  agreed  upon  by  vote  that  the  new. 
highway  towards  the  bay  shall  be  perfected,  and  that  is  should 
be  done  under  the  inspection  of  Goodman  Payne  and  Goodman 
Carpenter." 


"In  the  year  1655,  the  17th  of  the  3d  mo.  [May],  at  a  town 
meeting  lawfully  warned,  Stephen  Payne,  sen.,  and  Peter  Hunt 
were  chosen  deputies;  for  constable,  Stephen  Payne,  jr.;  for  grand- 
jury-men,  Philip  Walker  and  Jonathan  Bliss;  Richard  Ingraham 
and  John  Fitch  were  chosen  way-wardens." 

At  the  same  time  it  was  voted,  "that  there  shall  be  no  common 
grass  mown  before  the  last  of  June;  and,  in  case  any  do  transgress 
this  order,  it  shall  be  lawful  for  any  that  know  it  to  fetch  away 
the  hay  or  grass  so  cut,  without  any  damage  to  them." 

"June  the  26th,  1655.  At  a  town  meeting  it  was  agreed  upon 
that  Mr.  Newman,  our  teacher,  should  have  fifty  pounds  a  year; 
and  those  seven  men  whose  names  are  hereto  appended  were 
chosen  committees  for  the  levying  of  a  rate  according  to  person 
and  estate  for  the  raising  of  said  maintenance: 

>  Baylies  has  1654;  this  in  old  style  is  correct. 


40  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

Joseph  Peck,  Robert  Martin, 

Thomas  Cooper*  Peter  Hunt, 

Richard  Bowen,  Will.  Sabin.'* 
Stephen  Payne, 

''At  this  period,"  says  Baylies,  "so  much  indifference  as  to 
the  support  of  the  clergy  was  manifested  in  Plymouth  Colony 
as  to  excite  the  alarm  of  the  other  confederated  Colonies.  The 
complaint  of  Massachusetts  against  Plymouth,  on  this  subject, 
was  laid  before  the  Commissioners,  and  drew  from  them  a  severe 
reprehension.  Rehoboth  had  been  afflicted  already  with  a  serious 
schism,  and  by  its  proximity  to  Providence  and  its  plantations, 
where  there  was  a  universal  toleration,  the  practice  of  free  inquiry 
was  encouraged,  and  principle,  fancy,  whim  and  conscience,  all 
conspired  to  lessen  the  veneration  for  ecclesiastical  authority.'' 
(Hist,  Memoir  of  Plym.  CoL^  vol.  II,  p.  205.) 

The  schism  here  referred  to  was  caused  by  Obadiah  Holmes 
and  several  others  withdrawing  themselves  from  Mr.  Newman's 
church,  in  1649,  and  setting  up  a  separate  meeting  of  their  own. 

The  following  statement  embodies  all  the  known  facts  respecting 
Mr.  Holmes  and  his  withdrawal  from  the  Newman  Church: 

Obadiah  Holmes  was  a  native  of  Preston  in  Lancashire,  Eng- 
land. The  date  of  his  coming  to  America  is  uncertain,  but  he 
was  admitted  to  the  church  in  Salem,  March  24,  1639.  From  this 
church  he  was  excommunicated  and  removed  with  his  family  to 
Rehoboth.  His  name  appears  on  the  Rehoboth  records  as  early 
as  1644.  He  became  a  member  of  Mr.  Newman's  church  in  1646. 
Taking  offence  at  certain  teachings  in  this  church,  he  and  eight 
others  withdrew  in  1649  and  formed  what  they  called  a  new  church 
of  the  Baptist  order.  They  chose  Mr.  Holmes  as  their  minister 
and  were  rebaptized,  probably  by  Rev.  John  Clarke  of  Newport. 
Mr.  Newman,  angered  and  troubled  by  this  defection,  excom- 
municated them  and  stirred  up  the  civil  authority  against  them. 
Four  petitions  were  lodged  at  court  against  them,  one  from 
Rehoboth,  one  from  Taunton,  one  from  the  ministers  of  the  colony, 
and  one  from  the  Massachusetts  government.  The  Plymouth 
magistrates  merely  ordered  them  to  desist  from  practices  dis- 
agreeable to  their  brethren  and  to  appear  at  the  next  term  of 
court,  when  several  of  them  were  indicted  for  holding  meetings 
contrary  to  the  order  of  the  court. 

Soon  after  this  Mr.  Holmes  removed  to  Newport,  where  he 
succeeded  Dr.  John  Clarke,  minister  of  the  First  Baptist  Church, 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS  41 

in  1652.  Some  of  the  Rehoboth  party  ivent  with  him  and  the 
others  were  scattered  for  the  time. 

One  experience  of  Mr.  Holmes  should  not  be  omitted.  In  the 
year  1651,  he,  with  John  Crandall  and  John  Clarke,  went  to  Lynn» 
and  on  July  21  held  a  meeting  in  a  private  house.  During  the 
service  they  were  arrested  and  haled  before  the  court  at  Boston 
and  fined,  Clark  twenty  pounds  and  Crandall  five  pounds. 

Mr.  Holmes  was  fined  thirty  pounds,  which  he  was  required  to 
pay  promptly  or  be  well  whipped.  Having  the  strong  approval 
of  his  own  conscience,  he  refused  to  pay  or  allow  his  friends  to 
pay  the  fine,  and  was  publicly  whipped  in  September,  1651,  re- 
ceiving thirty  lashes  from  a  three-corded  whip.  Two  friends, 
John  Hazell  and  John  Spur,  coming  up  to  congratulate  him  on  his 
fortitude,  were  each  sentenced  to  pay  forty  shillings  or  be  whipped. 

Mr.  Holmes  died  at  Newport,  Oct.  16,  1682,  aged  76  years, 
and  was  buried  in  his  own  field,  where  a  tomb  was  erected  to  his 
memory.  He  had  eight  children,  and  in  1790  his  descendants 
were  estimated  at  five  thousand. 

February  9th,  1655,  Mr.  Peck,  Richard  Bowen,  senior,  Stephen 
Paine,  senior,  Thomas  Cooper,  senior,  Robert  Martin ,  William 
Carpenter,  senior,  and  Peter  Hunt,  were  chosen  Townsmen.  "It 
was  also  granted  that  they  shall  have  power  to  order  the  prudential 
affairs  of  the  town,  and  that  they  shall  have  power  to  call  a  town- 
meeting  when  they  see  cause. 

''At  the  same  time  Father  Bowen  was  chosen  Moderator  to 
see  good  order  in  our  town-meetings." 

By  the  following  extract  from  the  records  of  Plymouth  Court, 
it  will  be  seen  that  Mr.  John  Browne,  a  principal  inhabitant  of 
Rehoboth,  and  for  a  long  time  one  of  the  Governor's  Assistants, 
was  opposed  to  coercing  people  to  support  the  ministry,  although 
he  was  willing  to  contribute  his  full  proportion. 

"Whereas,  a  petition  was  presented  unto  the  General  Court, 
at  Plymouth,  the  first  of  June,  1655,  by  several  of  the  inhabitants 
of  the  town  of  Rehoboth,  whose  hands  were  thereunto  subscribed, 
desiring  the  Court  to  assist  them  in  a  way  according  to  the  orders 
of  other  Colonies  about  them,  for  the  raising  maintenance  for  their 
minister;  the  sum  of  the  petition  seemeth  to  hold  forth  that  those 
whose  hands  were  not  subscribed  contributed  nothing,  or  so  little 
as  was  not  esteemed  of,  which  petition  occasioned  some  discourse 
about  a  forcible  way  to  compel  all  the  inhabitants  of  that  town 
to  pay  a  certain  sum  every  year  towards  the  maintenance  of  the 
minister.    Whereupon  Mr.  John  Browne,  one  of  the  magistrates 


^    f  l^iO     EAKATA 


42  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

then  sitting  in  Court,  and  being  one  of  the  inhabitants  of  that 
town,  and  not  being  made  acquainted  with  the  said  petition 
until  the  names  of  the  inhabitants  were  subscribed;  to  issue  the 
said  troublesome  controversy,  and  take  off  tlie  odium  from  others, 
did  propound  that  forasmuch  as  those  whose  hands  were  to  the 
petition  desired  to  submit  themselves  to  a  rate,  that  if  the  Court 
would  send  two  of  the  magistrates  unto  Ilehoboth  to  take  notice 
of  the  estates  of  the  petitioners,  he  would  engage  himself  in  the 
behalf  of  those  who  were  the  inhabitants  of  the  said  town,  whose 
hands  were  not  subscribed  to  the  petition,  that  they  should 
voluntarily  contribute  according  to  tneir  estates;  and  if  any  of 
them  fell  short  in  this  business,  he  would  supply  that  want  of  his 
own  estate;  and  this  he  would  make  good  by  engaging  his  lands 
for  seven  years  in  their  behalf,  while  they  staid,  though  he  himself 
should  remove  from  the  place,  which  was  approved  of,  and  Captain 
Standish  and  Mr.  Hatherly  were  then  made  choice  of  by  the 
Court  to  see  it  ordered  accordingly." 

In  1655,  "Liberty  is  granted  by  the  Court  to  the  neighborhood 
in  which  Mr.  Brown  liveth  at  Rehoboth  to  make  a  pound  to  em- 
pound  all  horses  or  hogs  that  shall  trespass  upon  them." 

(Plym.  Col.  Rec.,  vol.  Ill,  p.  84.) 

Plymouth,  July  3,  1656.  "Robert  Abell  is  allowed  by  the 
Court  to  keep  an  ordinary  at  Rehoboth." 

"The  Court  have  appointed  and  deputed  Mr.  Joseph  Pecke 
to  administer  marriage  at  Rehoboth."  "And  the  said  Mr.  Pecke, 
Mr.  Stephen  Paine,  and  Richard  Bowen  are  appointed  and  author- 
ized to  hear  and  determine  all  controversies  there  between  any, 
so  as  it  amount  not  to  above  the  value  of  three  pounds;  liberty 
being  left  to  any  to  make  their  appeal  to  the  Court  of  Plymouth, 
if  there  shall  be  reason."    (Plym.  Col.  Itec^  vol.  Ill,  p.  102.) 

July  13th,  1657.  Voted,  "That  all  such  persons,  or  any  person 
that  is  behind  hand  in  their  accounts  with  Mr.  Newman  for  this 
year  present,  that  they  shall  make  up  their  accounts  with  Mr.  New- 
man by  a  month  after  Michaelmas;  and  in  case  it  be  neglected,  then 
such  townsmen  as  may  be  deputed,  together  with  the  deacons 
also,  to  go  to  such  persons  and  labor  to  convince  them  of  the 
neglect  of  their  duty;  in  case  they  find  them  obstinate,  then  the 
Court  order  is  to  be  attended  on." 

Ij^t  I  November  20th,  1757.     Stephen  Paine,  senior,  was  chosen  to 

assist  Deacon  Cooper,  "to  go  to  certain  the  inhabitants  of  the 
town,  to  put  them  on  to  clear  their  accounts  with  Mr.  Newman." 
"It  was  also  agreed  that  there  shall  be  a  town-meeting  this  day 
fortnight,  and  in  case  it  appear  that  any  person  or  persons  be  be- 
hind hand  with  Mr.  Newman,  that  then  some  effectual  course 
may  be  taken  according  to  Court  order,  to  make  such  to  pay  as 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS 


43 


have  been  negligent  in  their  duty  for  the  settling  of  Mr.  Newman 
amongst  us." 

It  was  also  voted  that  persons  neglecting  to  attend  town-meet- 
ing should  be  fined  6d. 

:(^  IliS'^  December  9th,  1757.  It  was  voted,  "that  Sampson  Mason 
should  have  free  liberty  to  sojourn  with  us,  and  to  buy  houses, 
lands  or  meadows,  if  he  see  cause  for  his  settlement,  provided 
that  he  lives  peaceably  and  quietly." 

Sampson  Mason  had  been,  according  to  Benedict  (IlisL  Bap.^ 
vol.  I,  p.  427),  a  soldier  in  the  Commonwealth's  army,  com- 
manded by  Cromwell.  He  became  a  Baptist,  emigrated  to 
America,  and,  after  having  resided  several  years  at  Rehoboth,  be- 
came ultimately  one  of  the  founders  of  Swansea. 

February  22,  1658.  "The  following  persons  are  accepted  as 
freemen  of  the  town,  to  take  up  their  freedom,  namely,  Joseph 
Peck,  John  Peck,  Henry  Smith,  Robert  Fuller,  John  Fitch,  Stephen 
Paine,  Jonathan  Bliss,  William  Buckland,  Rice  Leonard." 

June  22d,  1658.  "At  a  town-meeting  lawfully  warned,  lots  were 
drawn  for  the  meadows  that  lie  on  the  north  side  of  the  town, 
in  order  as  followeth,  according  to  person  and  estate: 


1.  John  Peck, 

2.  George  Robinson, 

3.  Robert  Abell, 

4.  Nicholas  Ide, 

5.  James  Reddeway, 

6.  Jonathan  Bliss, 

7.  Mr.  Winchester's  children, 

8.  Mr.  Newman, 

9.  George  Kendrick, 

10.  Stephen  Payne,  sen. 

11.  John  Butterworth, 

12.  John  Read, 

13.  Thomas  Wilmoth, 

14.  John  Fitch, 

15.  Henry  Smith, 

16.  Will.  Carpenter,  sen. 

17.  John  Millard,  jun. 

18.  Robert  Wheaton, 

19.  Richard  Bullock, 

20.  Robert  Martin, 

21.  John  Perrum, 

22.  Richard  Bowen,  sen. 

23.  Obadiah  Bowen, 

24.  Anthony  Perry, 

25.  Joseph  Peck, 


26.  John  Matthews, 

27.  John  AUin, 

28.  John  Sutton, 

29.  Peter  Hunt, 

30.  Tho.  Cooper,  jr. 

31.  Will.  Sabin, 

32.  Philip  Walker, 

33.  Daniel  Smith, 

34.  John  Dogget, 

35.  Nicholas  Peck, 

36.  Rice  Leonard, 

37.  Robert  Jones, 

38.  Francis  Stevens, 

39.  Thomas  Cooper,  sen. 

40.  John  Woodcock, 

41.  Edward  Hall, 

42.  Stephen  Payne,  jun. 

43.  Roger  Amadowne, 

44.  Richard  Bowen,  jr. 

45.  Robert  Fuller, 

46.  Will.  Bucklin, 

47.  Mr.  Peck, 

48.  John  Willard,  sen. 

49.  Will.  Carpenter,  jun. 


»» 


44  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

From  the  expression  *'the  meadows  that  lie  on  the  north  side 
of  the  town/*  it  appears  that  this  division  was  of  land  afterwards 
included  in  the  North  Purchase^  now  Attleborough  and  Cum- 
berland. 

The  2d  of  the  9th  mo.  [November],  1658.  The  Indians  were 
forbidden  to  set  their  traps  within  the  town's  bounds. 

'^December  the  9th,  1659.  It  was  agreed  upon  between  the 
town  of  Rehoboth  and  Lieutenant  Hunt  and  William  Bucklin 
that  the  said  Lieutenant  Hunt  and  William  Bucklin  is  to  shingle 
the  new  end  of  the  meeting-house,  and  to  be  done  as  sufficiently 
as  the  new  end  of  Goodman^  Payne's  house;  and  they  are  to 
furnish  nails,  and  to  be  done  by  May-day  next  ensuing,  provided 
that  the  frame  be  ready  in  season:  in  consideration  whereof 
they  are  to  have  £8  to  be  paid  in  good,  merchantable  wampum, 
when  their  work  is  done." 

"30th  of  the  11th  mo.  [January],  1659.  Voted  to  agree  with 
Richard  Bullock  to  perform  the  office  of  Town  Clerk;  to  give 
him  16^.  a  year,  and  to  be  paid  for  births,  burials,  and  marriages 
besides." 

March  17th,  1659,  the  town  made  an  agreement  with  William 
Bucklin  *'to  enlarge  the  meeting-house  the  breadth  of  three  seats 
throughout,  to  find  boards  and  to  finish  it  complete  and  answer- 
able to  the  rest,  with  seats,  the  town  finding  nails." 

'"The  19th,  12th  mo.  [February]  1660,  at  a  general  town  meeting, 
Capt.  Willet,  Mr.  Peck,  Richard  Bowen,  Stephen  Payne,  sen.. 
Lieutenant  Hunt,  were  chosen  by  the  town,  and  empowered  to 
view  the  town  book,  and  to  see  that  it  be  transcribed  into  a  new 
book,  all  such  things  as  tliey  shall  judge  material  for  the  good 
of  the  town,  as  also  for  the  clearing  of  evidences  of  men's  lands, 
according  to  Court  orders,  made  in  1654." 

21st  of  the  12th  mo.  [February]  1660.  In  town  meeting  it  was 
voted  "that  Mr.  Willet  should  have  liberty  to  take  up  five  hun- 
dred or  six  hundred  acres  of  land  northward  or  eastward,  beyond 
the  bounds  of  our  town,  where  he  shall  think  it  most  convenient 
for  himself." 

1st  day  2d  mo.  [April]  1661.  Gilbert  Brooks  of  Scituate,  had 
"free  liberty  to  be  an  inhabitant  of  Rehoboth,  and  to  purchase 
what  he  may,  if  he  be  minded  to  come  among  us." 

In  this  year,  Captain  Thomas  Willet,  empowered  by  the  Court 
of  Plymouth,  and  having  obtained  the  consent  of  the  town  of 

'This  title  Goodman,  I  have  been  informed,  was  used  formerly  much  the 
same  as  J/r.,  Matter,  or  Mister  is  with  us  at  the  present  day. 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS  45 

Rehoboth,  purchased  of  Wamsitta,^  or  (as  he  is  more  commonly 
called),  Alexander,  the  elder  brother  of  king  Philip  and  son  of 
Massassoit,  a  large  tract  of  land,  which  was  called  Rehoboih  North 
Purchase^  now  Attleborough,  Mass.,  and  Cumberland,  R.I.  "It 
was  bounded,"  says  Daggett,  "West  by  Pawtucket  river,  now 
Blackstone;  North  by  the  Massachusetts  Colony  or  the  bay  line 
(so  called) ;  East  by  territory  which  was  afterwards  the  Taunton 
North  Purchase,  now  Mansfield,  Norton,  and  Easton;  and  South 
by  the  ancient  Rehoboth,  now  Rehoboth,  Seekonk,  and  Pawtucket. 
This  purchase  included  Attleborough,  Cumberland,  R.I.,  and  a 
tract  of  a  mile  and  a  half  in  width,  extending  east  and  west  (which 
was  annexed  to  Rehoboth  as  an  enlargement),  and  a  part  of  Mans- 
field and  Norton.  This  purchase  was  afterwards,  viz.  April  10th, 
1666,  granted  and  confirmed  by  the  Plymouth  government  to  the 
inhabitants  of  Rehoboth."  (Daggett's  History  of  Attleborough^ 
p.  6.) 

The  following  is  a  copy  of  the  Deed  of  this  tract  from  Wamsitta, 
or  Alexander,  to  Mr.  Willet: 

"Elnow  all  men  that  I  Wamsetta,  alias  Alexander,  chief  Sachem 
of  Pokanokett,  for  divers  good  causes  and  valuable  considerations 
me  thereunto  moving,  have  bargained  and  sold  unto  Captain 
Thomas  Willet,  of  Wannamoisett,  all  those  tracts  of  land  situate 
and  being  from  the  bounds  of  Rehoboth  ranging  upon  Patuckett 
unto  a  place  called  Waweypounshag,  the  place  where  one  Black- 
stone  now  sojourneth,  and  so  ranging  along  to  the  said  river 
unto  a  place  called  Messanegtacaneh  and  from  this  upon  a  straight 
line  crossing  through  the  woods  unto  the  uttermost  bounds  of  a 
place  called  Mamantapett  or  Wading  river,  and  from  the  said 
river  one  mile  and  a  half  upon  an  east  line,  and  from  thence  upon  a 
south  line  unto  the  bounds  of  the  town  of  Rehoboth.  To  have 
and  to  hold  unto  him  the  said  Captain  Willet  and  his  associates, 
their  heirs  and  assigns  forever;  reserving  only  a  competent  por- 
tion of  land  for  some  of  the  natives  at  Mishanegitaconett  for  to 
plant  and  sojourn  upon,  as  the  said  Wamsetta  alias  Alexander 
and  the  said  Thomas  Willet  jointly  together  shall  see  meet;  and 
the  rest  of  all  the  land  aforementioned,  with  the  woods,  waters, 
meadows,  and  all  emoluments  whatsoever  to  remain  unto  the 
said  Thomas  Willet  and  his  associates,  their  heirs  and  assigns 
forever. 

^The  then  sachem  of  Pokanoket.  His  original  name  was  Mooanum.  He 
jucceeded  Massassoit  as  sachem  of  the  Wampanoags,  and  died  in  the  summer 
of  1662.  His  wife's  name  was  Namumpum  or  Wetamoo. — See  Drake's  Book 
of  the  Indians,  b.  3,  c.  1,  pp.  1-8. 


46  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Witness  my  hand  and  seal  this  eighth  day  of  April,  in  the  year 
1661. 

'The  mark  of  A  X  A 
Wamsitta  alias  Alexander, 

his  seal  [l.8.] 
''Signed,  sealed  and  delivered 
in  presence  of 
John  Browne,  jr. 
Jonathan  Bosworth, 
John  Sassaman,  Interpreter.*' 

"April  10th,  1666.  Witnesseth  these  presents,  that  Captain 
Thomas  Willet  above  said  hath  and  doth  hereby  resign,  deliver 
and  make  over  all  and  singular  the  lands  above  mentioned,  pur- 
chased of  Wamsitta  alias  Alexander,  chief  Sachem  of  Pokanokett, 
according  unto  the  bounds  above  expressed,  with  all  and  singular 
the  benefits,  privileges,  and  immunities  thereunto  appertaining, 
unto  Mr.  Thomas  Prence,  Major  Josias  Winslow,  Capt.  Thomas 
Southworth,  and  Mr.  Constant  Southworth,  in  the  behalf  of  the 
Colony  of  New  Plymouth.  In  witness  whereof  he  doth  hereunto 
set  his  hand  and  seal. 

"Thomas  Willbt.    [l.8.] 
"Signed,  sealed  and  delivered 

in  presence  of 

Daniel  Smith, 

Nicholas  Peck." 

"6th,  7th  mo.  [September]  1661.  Lieutenant  Hunt  and  Joseph 
Peck  were  chosen  to  view  the  damage  in  the  Indians'  com  upon 
Kickamuet  neck,  and  Consumpsit  neck,  and  to  give  the  town 
notice  of  it." 

The  14th  of  the  9th  mo.  [November]  1661.  "Lieutenant  Hunt 
and  William  Sabin  were  chosen  to  confer  with  Mr.  Willet  to  know 
what  he  hath  done  about  the  north  side  of  the  town  in  the  behalf 
of  the  town." 

27th  of  the  12th  mo.  [February]  1661.  Samuel  Luther  was  per- 
mitted to  be  a  sojourner  to  buy  or  hire. 

"Plymouth,  1661.  It  is  ordered  by  the  Court  that  the  ward 
of  Rehoboth  shall  extend  unto  Sowamsett'  and  unto  all  the 
neighbours  there  inhabiting,  as  to  the  constable  of  Rehoboth,  his 
execution  of  his  office,  as  occasion  shall  require,  which  he  is  re- 
quired by  his  orders  to  do  and  perform,  as  well  there  as  in  any  other 
part  of  that  constablericke."    (Plym.  Col.  iJec,  vol.  Ill,  p.  234.) 

The  28th  of  the  5th  mo.  [July]  1662.  It  was  voted  that  John 
Woodcock  should  have  two  rods  of  land  to  build  a  small  house 

'  Bristol  or  Harrington,  —  probably  the  former. 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS  47 

on  for  himself  and  his  family  to  be  in  on  the  lord's  day,  in  some 
convenient  place  near  the  meeting-house;  and  Goodman  Paine 
and  Lieutenant  Hunt  were  chosen  to  see  where  the  most  con- 
venient place  for  it  might  be." 

December  16th,  1662.  A  fine  of  Is,  6d.  was  ordered  to  be  im- 
posed on  those  who  neglected  to  attend  town-meeting. 

During  this  year  the  town  was  afflicted  with  the  loss  of  one  of 
its  most  influential  and  useful  inhabitants,  Mr.  John  Brown.    He 
died  April  10,  1662,*  at  Wannamoiset.    The  following  notice  is 
made  of  him  by  Morton  in  his  New-England's  Memorial  (pp 
295,  296.  297) : 

"This  year  Mr.  John  Brown  ended  this  life;  in  his  younger 
years  travelling  into  the  low  countries,  he  came  acquainted  with, 
and  took  good  liking  to,  the  reverend  pastor  of  the  church  of  Christ 
at  Ley  den,  as  also  to  sundry  of  the  brethren  of  that  church: 
which  ancient  amity  induced  him  (upon  his  coming  over  to  New- 
England)  to  seat  himself  in  the  jurisdiction  of  New  Plimouth,  m 
which  he  was  chosen  a  magistrate;  in  which  place  he  served  God 
and  the  country  several  years;  he  was  well  accomplished  with 
abilities  to  both  civil  and  religious  concernments,  and  attained, 
through  God's  grace,  unto  a  comfortable  perswasion  of  the  love 
and  favour  of  God  to  him;  he,  falling  sick  of  a  fever,  with  much 
serenity  and  spiritual  comfort,  fell  asleep  in  the  Lord,  and  was 
honourably  buried  at  Wannamoiset  near  Rehoboth,  in  the  spring 
of  the  year  abovesaid." 

He  was  first  elected  to  the  office  of  assistant  in  Plymouth 
Colony  in  1636,  which  office  he  ably  filled  for  seventeen  years. 
He  was  also  one  of  the  Commissioners  of  the  United  Colonies  of 
New  England  from  1644  to  1655.  The  mention  of  this  latter  fact 
may  serve  to  show  in  what  estimation  he  was  held  in  the  colony, 
when  we  recollect  that  only  two  persons  were  chosen  from  each 
colony  to  that  oflSce.  He  was  made  a  freeman  of  the  colony  of 
Plymouth  in  1634.*  He  was  one  of  the  original  proprietors  of  the 
town,  and  owned  large  estates  in  land  both  at  Rehoboth  and 
Wannamoiset.  Mr.  Brown  was  a  friend  to  religious  toleration, 
and  was  the  first  of  the  Plymouth  magistrates  who  expressed 
scruples  as  to  the  exi>ediency  of  coercing  the  people  to  support 
the  ministry.  He  was  a  man  of  talent,  integrity,  and  piety,  and 
his  death  was  deeply  felt  through  the  whole  colony.  James  Brown, 
who  also  was  assistant  in  1655,  and  lived  at  Swansey,  was  his  son. 

^Rehoboth  Town  Record  of  deaths  and  burials. 
'Baylies'  Hist.  Mem.  of  Plym.  Col.  vol.  II,  p.  201. 


48  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

''Julv  3d,  1663.  It  was  voted  bv  the  town  to  send  a  letter  to 
Samuel  Fuller  of  Plymouth,  that  if  he  will  come  upon  trial  accord- 
ing to  his  own  proposition,  the  town  is  willing  to  accept  of  him; 
and  in  case  the  town  and  he  do  accord,  the  town  is  willing  to 
accommodate  him  in  the  best  way  they  can  for  his  encouragement. 

'"It  was  also  voted  and  agreed  that  his  mother  should  be  sent 
to,  to  see  if  she  be  willing  to  come  and  dwell  amongst  us,  to  attend 
on  the  office  of  a  midwife,  to  answer  the  town's  necessity,  which 
at  present  is  great." 

Mr.  Fuller  was  a  physician  residing  at  Plymouth. 

At  the  same  town  meeting,  Goodman  Searle  was  accepted  as 
an  inhabitant,  and  a  home  lot  voted  to  him. 

In  this  year  the  town  experienced  a  severe  loss  in  the  death  of 
their  beloved  and  venerable  pastor,  the  Rev.  Samuel  Newman. 
He  died  on  the  5th  of  July,  1663,  in  his  62d  year.  The  manner 
of  his  death  was  singular  and  awakened  much  comment.  Just 
one  week  before,  on  Sunday,  June  28,  he  delivered  his  last  sermon 
from  Job  14: 14:  ''AH  the  days  of  my  appointed  time  will  I  wait, 
till  my  change  come.'*  Although  in  good  health  at  the  time  he 
told  his  astonished  people  that  his  mission  on  earth  was  closed. 
He  retired  to  his  home,  grew  weak  without  pain,  and  the  following 
Sunday,  July  5,  with  a  few  friends  about  him,  he  asked  Deacon 
Cooper  to  close  the  parting  with  prayer,  immediately  after 
which  he  turned  his  face  to  the  wall,  saying,  "And  now,  ye  angek 
of  the  Lord  Jesus,  come  do  your  office,'*  and  gently  expired. 

His  departure  was  deeply  lamented  by  his  bereaved  flock  and 
by  all  who  knew  him.  He  was  a  fine  preacher,  an  eminent  scholar 
and  a  truly  devout  man.  His  Concordance  of  the  Bible  was  a 
great  work,  of  which  there  were  three  editions  in  his  lifetime. 
The  first  was  published  in  London  in  1643,  in  folio.  This  he  re- 
vised while  in  Rehoboth,  ''using  in  the  evening  pine-knots  instead 
of  candles.**  The  second  edition  was  published  at  London  in 
1650,  and  the  third  in  1658.  The  Cambridge  Concordance  of 
1662  was  based  on  Newman's  book  with  but  scant  credit  to  its 
learned  author,  nor  did  he  receive  much  pecuniary  gain  from  any 
of  his  books.  A  copy  of  his  Concordance  is  in  the  Rehoboth 
Antiquarian  Collection. 

Mather  in  his  Magnolia  says  of  Newman:  "He  loved  his  church 
as  if  it  had  been  his  family,  and  taught  his  family  as  if  it  had  been 
his  church."  His  library  was  burned  by  the  Indians  in  the  con- 
flagration at  Rehoboth,  March  28,  1676,  but  Mather  somehow 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS  49 

recovered  the  fragment  containing  the  thirteen  articles  of  his 
private  platform,  which  are  as  follows: 

*' Notes  or  marks  of  grace,  I  find  in  myself:   not  wherein  I  desire 
to  glory,  but  to  take  ground  of  Assurance,  and  after  our  Apostle's 
rules,  to  make  my  election  sure,  though  I  find  them  but  in  weak 
measure. 
L  /  love  God,  and  desire  to  love  God,  principally /or  himself. 

2.  I  desire  to  requite  evil  urith  good, 

3.  A  looking  up  to  God,  to  see  him,  and  his  hand  in  all  things 

that  befall  me. 

4.  A  greater  fear  of  displeasing  God,  than  all  the  world. 

5.  A  love  of  such  christians  as  I  never  saw,  or  received   good 

from. 

6.  A  grief  when  I  see  God*s  commands  broken  by  any  person. 

7.  A  mumming  for  not  finding  the  assurance  of  God's  love,  and 

the  sense  of  his  favour,  in  that  comfortable  manner,  at  one 
time  as  at  another;  and  not  being  able  to  serve  God  as  I 
should. 

8.  A  willingness  to  give  God  the  glory  of  any  ability  to  do  good. 

9.  A  joy  when  I  am  in  christian  company,  in  Godly  conference. 
10.  A  grief,  when  I  perceive  it  goes  ill  vnih  christians,  and  the 

contrary. 
IL  A  constant  performance  of  secret  duties,  between  God  and  my- 
self, morning  and  evening. 

12.  A  bewailing  of  such  sins,  which  none  in  the  world  can  accuse 

me  of. 

13.  A  choosing  of  suffering  to  avoid  ^n." 

Mr.  Newman  had  three  sons  and  one  daughter  (Hopestill). 
Samuel,  Jr.,  the  eldest  son,  lived  and  died  at  Rehoboth ;  Antipas 
was  minister  at  Wenham,  who  married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of 
Gov.  Winthrop,  and  died  October  15,  1672;  Noah  was  his  father's 
successor  in  the  ministry  at  Rehoboth  and  died  April  16,  1678; 
Hopestill,  born  at  Weymouth,  November  29,  1641,  became  the 
wife  of  Rev.  George  Shove,  the  third  minister  of  Taunton,  and 
died  March  7,  1674.  They  had  five  children,  three  sons  and  two 
daughters. 

Mr.  Newman  was  interred  in  the  old  burying  ground  at  Seekonk  /,. 

(now  East  Providence,  R.I.).     A  fine  monument  stands  there, 

inscribed  with  his  name  and  that  of  his  son  Noah,  and  several 

of  their  successors.' 

In  September,  1663,  "At  a  meeting  of  the  church  and  town,  it 
was  concluded  that  Mr.  Zachariah  Symes  should  have  forty  pounds 

'See  S.  C.  Newman's  "Rehoboth  in  the  Past,**  which  embraces  all  essential 
facts  relating  to  his  ancestors  and  has  a  full  bibliography. 

4 


50  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

for  this  year,  and  his  diet  at  Mrs.  Newman's  besides.  At  the 
same  time  Stephen  Payne,  senior,  and  Lieutenant  Hunt  were 
chosen  to  go  down  to  his  friends,  to  use  means  for  the  settling  of 
him  with  us  for  this  present  year." 

November  2,  1663.  "At  a  town  meeting  lawfully  warned,  those 
men  whose  names  are  here  following  and  appended,  were  chosen  and 
empowered  by  the  town,  either  to  buy  Joseph  Peck's  house  and 
house-lot,  and  to  set  up  an  addition  to  it,  to  make  it  fit  for  the 
ministry,  if  they  judge  it  convenient  for  such  a  use,  or  to  build 

^  a  new  house  upon  the  town's  lands,  whether  they  in  their  wisdom 
shall  judge  to  be  most  convenient:  Goodman  Payne,  John  Allen, 
sen..  Lieutenant  Hunt,  Mr.  Browne,  Anthony  Perry,   Goodman 

^  Walker,  Thomas  Cooper,  jr.,  Henry  Smith. 
^  '*At  the  same  time  it  was  voted,  that  a  rate  should  be  made 
to  raise  charges  for  to  build  a  house  for  the  ministry,  when  the 
townsmen  shall  call  for  it;  and  that  the  price  of  corn  for  the  carry- 
ing on  of  the  building  of  the  public  house  shall  be  —  Indian  corn 

.  at  3«.,  rye  at  4^.,  and  wheat  at  bs.;  and  what  cattle  are  paid  to- 
wards it  is  to  be  good  at  May-day  next,  or  thereabouts,  all  horse 
kind  and  hogs  being  excepted  against." 

"Nov.  25,  1663.  Voted,  that  Alexander,  the  Irishman,  a  brick- 
maker,  should  be  freely  approved  among  us,  for  to  make  brick, 
and  that  he  should  have  free  liberty  to  make  use  of  the  clay  and 
wood  on  the  commons  for  that  purpose." 

At  the  same  time,  "it  was  voted  and  agreed  upon,  that,  whereas 
God  by  his  providence  hath  lately  taken  away  from  us  our  dear 
teacher,  yet  out  of  his  goodness  and  mercy  hath  brought  amongst 
us  Mr.  Zachariah  Symes,  whom  we  honour  and  respect;  yet  with 
reference  to  the  place  we  live  in,  we  judge  it  expedient  to  look 
out  for  another  godly,  able  minister  to  labour  with  him  in  the 
work  of  the  ministry,  and  therefore  do  accept  of  Mr.  Willet's 
proposition,  as  to  embrace  any  opportunity  tliat  Providence  shall 
guide  him  to  for  that  end." 

June  20,  1664.  It  was  voted,  "that  the  public  house,  intended 
for  the  ministry,  shall  be  set  on  the  west  side  of  the  run,  in  the  mid- 
dle of  the  common,  being  the  place  appointed  for  a  teacher's 
lot,  being  six  acres." 

December  20,  1664.  Four  pounds  and  seventeen  shillings  were 
voted,  being  the  sum  which  Captain  Willet  agreed  to  give  Philip 
for  growing  corn  in  the  neck,  and  that  Captain  Willet  should 
agree  with  Philip  for  the  year  ensuing. 

"January  24,  1664  [1665.*]  At  a  town  meeting  upon  public 
notice  given,  it  was  agreed  by  vote,  that  the  former  power  that 
was  granted  to  Mr.  Willet,  for  to  procure  an  able  minister  to  assist 

>  New  Style. 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS  51 

Mr.  Symes  in  the  ministry,  was  further  confirmed  to  him  by  the 
town." 

May  22,  1665.  **Sam,  the  Indian  that  keeps  the  cows,  was 
admitted  by  the  town  as  an  inhabitant,  to  buy  or  hire  house  or 
lands  if  he  can,  in  case  the  Court  allow  it." 

"This,"  says  Baylies,  **is  believed  to  have  been  the  first  and 
only  instance  of  an  Indian  resident  among  the  English,  who  was 
admitted  to  the  rights  of  citizenship  within  this  colony." 

Whether  or  not  this  vote  was  "allowed  by  the  Court"  we  are 
not  informed. 

May  22,  1665.  "John  Lowell  was  admitted  by  the  town  to  buy 
or  hire  house  or  land  if  he  can." 

June  6,  1665.  The  town  voted  to  pay  the  Govemour  their  pro- 
portion of  £50;  also,  that  there  be  a  standing  council,  three  in 
number,  with  the  Govemour,  and  that  this  council  be  renewed 
yearly. 

April  18,  1666.  It  was  voted  by  the  town,  "that  the  late  pur- 
chasers of  land  upon  the  north  side  of  our  town  shall  bear  forty 
shillings  in  a  rate  of  £5,  and  so  proportionable  in  all  other  public 
charges. 

"It  was  also  voted  that  there  shall  be  a  three  railed  fence  set 
up  and  maintained,  between  the  late  purchased  land  on  the  north 
side  of  the  town,  to  be  set  up  on  all  the  end  of  the  plain  from  Good- 
man Buckland's  lands  to  the  Mill  river;  and  every  man  that  is 
interested  in  said  purchased  lands  to  bear  an  equal  proportion  in 
the  aforesaid  fence  according  to  their  proportion  of  lands. 

"Voted  also  to  make  choice  of  a  committee  for  the  settling  and 
stating  of  the  late  purchased  lands  on  the  north  side  of  our  town, 
viz:  whether  such  as  at  present  seem  questionable  are  true  pro- 
prietors of  the  aforesaid  lands:  and  the  committee  chosen  were 
Capt.  Willet,  with  the  townsmen,  and  those  that  stand  engaged 
for  the  payment  of  the  aforesaid  purchased  lands." 

This  committee  reported,  April  23d. 

It  was  also  voted  by  the  town,'"that  Mr.  Goodman  Martin  shall 
enjoy  a  spot  of  fresh  meadow  that  lies  on  the  north  side  of  the 
town,  lying  at  the  end  of  the  Great  Plain,  during  his  life  and  his 
wife's,  and  at  their  decease  to  return  to  the  town. 

"At  the  same  time  it  was  agreed  between  the  town  and  Capt. 
Willett,  that  for  the  forty  acres  of  meadow  that  he  is  to  have  to 
his  farm,  on  the  north  side  of  the  town,  he  is,  by  agreement  made 
with  the  town,  to  have  high  Squisset  and  low  Squisset;  and  the 
bounds  of  the  said  Squisset  meadows  to  be  according  to  the  sight 
of  the  surveyors,  the  day  that  they  laid  out  his  farm,  that  is. 


52  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Henry  Smith  and  William  Carpenter;  and  he  b  also  to  have  a  piece 
of  meadow  at  the  Seven  Mile  river»  near  unto  the  going  out  at 
the  highway*  and  six  acres  of  meadow  at  the  Ten  Mile  river,  and 
what  there  wants  of  the  six  acres  in  quality  is  to  be  made  up  in 
quantity;  the  said  six  acres  of  meadow  on  the  Ten  Mile  river  lies 
by  the  old  highway  as  we  go  into  the  bay." 

** April  23,  1666.  The  committee  that  was  chosen  by  the  town. 
April  18th,  1666,  at  a  town  meeting,  for  the  stating  and  settling 
of  the  late  purchased  lands,  upon  the  north  side  of  our  town,  the 
aforesaid  committee  being  met  together,  this  twenty-third  of 
April,  we  see  cause  that  there  shall  be  seventy-six  whole  shares 
and  equal  purchasers  in  the  aforesaid  lands,  and  six  persons  that 
have  half  shares,  which  we  see  cause  to  add  to  the  seventy-six 
whole  shares,  so  that  the  whole  number  of  shares  amounts  to 
seventy-nine  shares.*' 

May  15,  1666.  In  town  meeting,  ''It  was  agreed  b^  joint  con- 
sent, that  a  third  man  alone  for  the  work  of  we  ministry  should 
be  forthwith  looked  for,  and  such  a  one  as  may  preach  to  the  sat- 
isfaction of  the  whole  (if  it  be  the  will  of  God  for  the  settling  of 
peace  amongst  us,  according  to  the  former  renewed  counsel  sent 
us  from  our  honored  Governor  and  Assistants)." 

The  meeting  was  adjourned  to  the  19th,  to  make  choice  of  a 
committee  to  obtain  a  ''third  man  alone  for  the  work  of  the  minis- 
try." "Richard  Bullock  declared  his  protest  against  this  act, 
as  judging  it  the  sole  work  of  the  church." 

May  19y  1666.  "At  a  town  meeting  lawfully  warned,  the  town 
concluded  to  have  a  meeting  upon  the  last  Tuesday  in  June,  to 
consider  of  the  meadows  on  the  north  side  of  the  town,  how  they 
may  be  disposed  of  for  this  present  year;  it  is  therefore  agreed 
by  this  town,  that  no  man  shall  mow  a  load  or  part  of  a  load  of 
grass,  before  the  town  hath  disposed  of  them,  upon  the  penalty  of 
twenty  shillings  the  load  or  part  of  a  load." 

"May  23,  1666.  Mr.  Symes  was  admitted  by  the  town  as  an 
inhabitant,  to  purchase  or  hire  for  his  money. 

"At  the  same  time  Mr.  Myles  was  voted  to  be  invited  to  preach, 
viz:  once  a  fortnight  on  the  week  day,  and  once  on  the  Sabbath 
day." 

June  26,  1666.  "Stephen  Paine,  senior,  Mr.  Browne,  and  Good- 
man Allen  were  cliosen  Selectmen  to  answer  the  Court  order." 

They  were  the  first  Selectmen  chosen  by  the  town.  The  Towns- 
men still  continued  to  be  chosen  as  usual. 

"August  the  13th,  1666.  It  was  voted  and  agreed  upon  by  the 
town  that  an  able  man  for  the  work  of  the  ministry  shall,  with  all 
convenient  speed,  l>e  looked  for,  as  an  ofiBcer  for  this  church,  and 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS  63 

a  minister  for  the  town,  such  a  one  as  may  be  satisfactory  to  the 
generality. 

"At  the  same  time  it  was  also  voted  and  agreed  upon  by  the 
town,  that  Mr.  Myles  shall  still  continue  to  lecture  on  the  week 
day,  and  further  on  the  Sabbath,  if  he  be  thereunto  legally  called. 

"At  the  same  time,  the  town  made  choice  of  Deacon  Cooper, 
Lieutenant  Hunt,  Nicholas  Peck,  and  Ensign  Smith,  as  messen- 
gers, to  look  out  for  an  able  man  for  the  work  of  the  ministry, 
according  to  the  vote  aforesaid,  and  they  are  to  go  in  the  first 
place  to  Mr.  Esterbrook's." 

October  16,  1666.  "At  a  town  meeting  it  was  concluded,  that 
the  purchased  lands  on  the  north  side  of  the  town  shall  be  divided 
between  this  and  the  first  of  May  next  ensuing. 

It  was  also  voted  by  the  town,  "that  no  person  shall  fall  any 
trees  upon  the  aforesaid  lands  on  the  north  side  of  our  town  before 
the  said  lands  be  divided,  upon  the  penalty  of  ten  shillings  for 
every  tree  so  fallen." 

The  same  day,  "John  Doggett,  John  Woodcock,  and  John 
Titus  were  chosen  by  the  town  to  see  what  timber  trees  are  fallen 
on  the  late  purchased  lands,  on  the  north  side  of  our  town,  and 
they  shall  have  the  forfeiture  for  their  pains,  and  the  trees  to  those 
that  the  land  shall  fall  to." 

December  10,  1666.  "At  a  town  meeting  it  was  voted  and 
agreed  upon,  that  Mr.  Burkley  should  continue  still  amongst  us 
till  the  first  of  April  next  ensuing,  upon  further  trial,  in  reference 
to  the  vote  of  August  13,  — 66,  which  is  in  order  to  the  settlement 
in  the  ministry,  if  he  be  approved  of." 

The  same  day,  Thomas  Esterbrook  was  admitted  as  an  inhab- 
itant. 

"June  22,  1667.  At  a  town-meeting  it  was  voted  by  the  town 
that  the  meadows  lying  on  the  north  side  of  the  town  shall  be  for 
this  present  year  as  they  were  last  year." 

Since  the  disturbances  caused  in  the  church  at  Rehoboth,  in 
1649,  by  Obadiah  Holmes  and  his  adherents,  the  religious  affairs 
of  the  town  had  been  far  from  being  in  a  quiet  state;  and  the 
number  of  Baptists,  so  far  from  being  lessened  by  persecution 
had  been  gradually  increasing.  In  1663  it  was  strengthened  by  the 
arrival  of  the  Rev.  John  Myles,  with  a  part  of  his  church,  from 
Swansea,  in  Wales  (England),  whence  he  had  been  ejected  for 
non-conformity.  This  church  he  had  founded  at  Swansea  (Wales) 
in  1649.    On  their  removal  to  this  country,  they  brought  with 


64  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

them  their  records,  which  were  in  Welsh,^  large  extracts  from  which» 
says  Benedict,  in  his  History  of  the  Baptists,  were  made  by  Mr. 
Backus,  and  sent  over  to  Mr.  Thomas  of  Leominster,  England, 
the  historian  of  the  Welsh  Baptists.  In  1663,  Mr.  Myles  formed 
a  Baptist  church  in  Rehoboth,  the  fourth  formed  in  America. 
It  was  organized  in  the  house  of  John  Butterworth,  and  commenced 
with  seven  members.  Their  names  were,  John  Miles  (or  Myles, 
as  more  frequently  spelled  in  the  records),  pastor,  James  Brown, 
Nicholas  Tanner,  Joseph  Carpenter,  John  Butterworth,  Eldad 
Kingsley,  and  Benjamin  Alby.  This  measure  was  offensive  to 
the  Congregational  church  of  the  town,  and  to  the  other  churches 
of  the  colony;  and  the  interposition  of  the  Court  of  Plymouth 
was  soon  called  for  to  arrest  the  growing  schism.  Each  member 
of  this  new  church  was  fined  £5,  prohibited  from  worship  for  the 
space  of  one  month;  and  they  were  advised  to  remove  from  Re- 
hoboth to  some  place  where  they  might  not  prejudice  any  existing 
church.  In  pursuance  with  this  advice,  they  removed  to  Wan- 
namoiset,  and  erected  a  house  near  Kelley's  bridge,  on  a  neck  of 
land  which  is  now  in  the  town  of  Barrington.  Afterwards  they 
erected  another  house  on  the  east  side  of  Palmer's  River,  about 
half  a  mile  from  the  bridge,  which  is  still  known  by  the  name 
of  "Myles's  bridge."  It  stood  a  short  distance  from  the  spot 
where  the  present  house  of  the  same  church  now  stands.  In 
1667,  these  Baptists  were  incorporated  into  a  town  by  the 
name  of  Swansea.'  This  town  originally  comprised  within  its 
limits  the  present  town,  together  with  Somerset,  Mass.,  Barring- 
ton,  and  the  greater  part  of  Warren,  R.I. 

Mr.  Miles  continued  the  minister  of  Swansea  till  his  death, 
which  occurred  February  3, 1683.  His  wife  was  Ann,  the  daughter 
of  John  Humphrey.    {Baylies*  Mem.  of  Plym.  CoL,  ii,  213,  235- 

*■  Benedict  states  that  these  records,  in  Webh,  are  still  in  the  possession  of 
this  church.  The  only  records  which  that  church  now  possesses  are  in  Eng- 
lish. These  commence  in  1649,  at  Swansea,  Wales,  and  contain  copies  of 
letters  addressed  to  the  church  by  several  Baptist  churches  of  England  and 
Ireland.  I  am  inclined  to  think  that  the  whole  of  the  original  Webh  records 
were  sent  to  England  by  Mr.  Backus,  and  there  translated  into  Englbh;  and 
that  a  copy  of  the  translation  was  returned  to  the  Swansea  church.  They  are 
in  an  excellent  state  of  preservation  and  written  in  a  hand  altogether  too 
modern  for  the  date  which  they  bear. 

'  This  name  has  been  written  in  three  different  wa^s,  viz. :  Swansea,  Swan- 
sey,  and  Swansey.  The  first  is  the  way  in  which  it  is  written  in  the  earliest 
records,  and  is  the  orthography  of  the  town  in  Wales  from  which  this  derived 
its  name. 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS  55 

250;    Aliens  Am.  Biog.  and  HisL  Die;     Backus*  and  Benedicts 
Histories  of  the  Baptists.) 

On  the  30th  of  March,  1668,  Philip,  who  had  succeeded  his 
brother  Alexander  as  sachem  of  the  Wampanoags,  or  Pokano- 
kets,  as  they  are  sometimes  called,  confirmed  to  the  town  the 
purchase  of  the  "eight  miles  square,"  made  of  Massassoit,  or 
Osamequin,  his  father,  in  1641,  and  relinquished  all  claim  and 
title  to  the  same  by  giving  the  town  a  quit-claim  warranty  deed. 
Of  this  deed  the  following  is  an  exact  copy;  in  transcribing  it 
the  original  orthography  has  been  preserved. 

Quit-Claim  Deed  of  King  Philip. 

"Know  all  men  by  these  presents  that,  whereas  Osamequin, 
Sachem,  deceased,  did,  for  good  and  valluable  considerations, 
in  the  year  one  thousand  Six  Hundred  and  forty  and  one,  give, 
grant,  convey,  assure  ence  ofTc,  and  confirm  unto  Mr.  John 
Brown,  and  Mr.  Edward  Winslow  deceased,  a  tract  of  land  of 
Eight  miles  square,  scituate,  lying  and  being  both  on  the  East 
and  west  sides  of  a  river  now  called  Palmer's  river  to  the  property 
and  behoof  of  the  townsmen  of  Seacunck,  alias  Rehoboth:  I 
Phillip  Sachem,  eldest  son,  heir  and  successor  to  the  said  Osame- 
quin Sachem,  do  hereby  for  my  self,  mine  heires,  assigns  and  suc- 
cessors reraise,  release,  and  for  ever  quit  all  manner  of  right,  title, 
claime  or  interest  that  I  the  said  phillip  Sachem  have,  or  by  any 
colour  or  pretence  whatsoever  might  or  ought  to  have  to  the 
said  tract  of  lands  Eight  mile  square,  lying  on  the  East  and  west 
sides  of  Palmer's  river  aforesaid,  unto  Mr.  Stephen  Paine  the  elder, 
Peter  Hunt,  John  Allen,  Henry  Smith,  and  others,  the  select  men 
of  the  town  of  Rehoboth;  ffor  and  to  the  use  of  themselves  and 
of  all  the  other  Townsmen  of  the  said  town,  as  they  are  respec- 
tively concerned  and  estated  therine,  and  to  the  use  of  all  and  every 
of  their  heires  and  assigns  for  ever.  And  furthermore  I  the  said 
Phillip  sachem  do  hereby  firmly  bind  my  self,  mine  heires,  assigns 
and  successors  to  free  and  discharge,  secure  and  save  harmlesse 
the  said  Stephen  Pain,  Peter  Hunt,  Jolm  Allen,  Henry  Smith 
and  the  select  men  aforesaid,  and  all  other  the  Inhabitants  of 
Rehoboth,  their  heirs  and  assigns  for  ever  from  all  former  and 
other  bargains,  sales  titles,  and  all  other  incumbrances  whatso- 
ever had,  made,  done  or  suffered  by  me  the  said  phillip  sachem, 
or  the  said  Osemequin  my  father  deceased;  or  hereafter  to  be 
made,  done,  committed  or  suffered  by  me  the  said  phillip  sachem, 
mine  heires,  assigns  or  successors.  In  witnesse  whereof  I  have 
hereunto  put  my  hand  and  seal,  the  thirtieth  day  of  the  flSrst 
Month,  Called  March,  In  the  yeare  of  our  lord  one  Thousand 
Six  Hundred  Sixty  and  Eight." 


56 


HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 


"Signed,  Sealed 

and  delivered  in  the 

presence  of 

the  mark  of  Umptakisok    Counsellor. 

H 

the  mark  of  phillip  Counsellor. 


the  mark  of    S  Sunconewhew  phillip's 
brother. 


^^be  it  remembered  that 
Philip  aknowledged  be- 
fore the  ensealing  and 
deliveiy  ho-eof  that  oa- 
emequin  reoeavMl  full 
satisfaction  of  the  said 
Mr.  Brown  and  Bfr. 
Winslow  for  the  said 
Eight  mile  square,  and 
(Tor  the  hundred  acres, 
lying  on  the  south  side 
of  the  bounds  of  Reho- 
both,  now  called  by  the 
name  of  the  Hundred 
acres  to  the  use  of  the 
said  town. 


the  mark  of  peebee        Counsellor. 

T 

The  mark  of  phillip  p  sachem. 


the  mark  of  X  Tom  Interpreter. 

John  Myles  Junio: 

John  { Landon*s  mark. 

the  mark  ^^  of  wm.  Ilammon. 
Joseph  Sabin. 


(seal.) 

Phillip  the  Sachem  did 

acknowledge  this  deed, 

this  first  of  June,  1668, 

Before 

Jos.  Winslow, 

Assist." 


April  10,  1668.  At  a  town  meeting  "it  was  voted  that,  whereas 
the  select  townsmen  did  give  Philip,  Sachem  a  gratuity  at  the 
sealing  of  an  evidence  of  our  eight  mile  square,  the  sum  of  eight 
pounds  twelve  shillings;  that  the  said  select  townsmen  shall 
make  a  rate  for  the  payment  of  it." 

At  the  same  meeting  the  town  chose  a  committee,  "to  go  and 
view  the  meadows  that  are  in  the  North  Purchase,  and  to  acre 
them  out,  to  divide  them  into  three  score  and  eighteen  parts 
and  a  half,  and  to  mark  and  bound  out  each  part,  and  put  in  such 
swamps  as  in  their  prudence  they  think  meet,  to  be  laid  out  in 
the  said  division:  provided  they  do  it  equally  as  they  can.  The 
said  committe  are  Anthony  Perry,  Philip  Walker,  Thomas  Wilmot, 
Nicholas  Ide;  to  be  paid  by  the  whole  company  of  purchasers." 

May  13,  1668.  "It  was  voted  and  agreed  upon  that  the  new 
book  of  records  should  be  recorded  at  Plymouth,  this  next  June 
Court. 

''William  Carpenter  at  the  same  time  was  chosen  Town  Clerk." 

Voted,  that  the  deed  given  by  the  Indians  to  the  town  "be  de- 
livered to  the  committee  of  the  town,  that  they  may  record  it 
at  the  Court  of  New  Plymouth,  the  next  June  Court." 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS 


57 


Voted,  "that  a  committee  shall  be  chosen  to  draw  up  a  petition 
to  send  to  the  Court  at  Plymouth,  the  next  General  Court,  that 
we  might  have  some  redress  in  respect  of  the  diflSculty  of  the  trans- 
portation of  our  county  rates.  The  committee  chosen,  were  Mr. 
Stephen  Payne,  sen.,  Lieut.  Hunt,  and  Ensign  Smith,  committee 
to  sign  this  petition  in  the  name  of  the  town." 

It  was  also  voted  "that  the  rates  upon  the  north  side  of  the 
town  be  lowered,  and  part  taken  off;  that  is  to  say,  whereas  the 
lands  upon  the  North  Purchase  paid  forty  shillings  of  5  pounds 
in  all  rates,  that  now  the  said  lands  shall  pay  20  shillings  in  5 
pounds,  until  the  town  see  cause  to  alter  it." 

May  26,  1668.  "It  was  voted  and  agreed  upon  for  the  en- 
couragement of  a  brickmaker,  in  the  town,  the  town  ordered  that 
if  any  come,  he  shall  have  free  liberty  of  wood  and  clay,  at  the 
half-mile  swamp,  to  make  what  brick  he  will." 

The  same  day  lots  were  drawn  for  the  meadow  lands  in  the 
North  Purchase  by  the  following  persons: 


Obadiah  Uowcn, 
Samuel  Luther, 
Stephen  Paine,  sen. 
John  Savage, 
Goody  Hide, 
Children's  lands, 
Thomas  Reade, 
Preserved  Abell, 
William  Carpenter, 
Gilbert  Brooks, 
Thomas  &  Jacob  Ormsby, 
Robert  Jones, 
John  Reade,  sen. 
Nathaniel  Paine,  sen. 
Robert  Wheaton, 
Widow  Carpenter, 
Benjamin  Buckland, 
Philip  Walker, 
John  Peren,  sen. 
John  Ormsby, 
Jaret  Ingraham, 
Nathaniel  Paine,  jun. 
Henry  Smith, 
Nicholas  Peck, 
Jonathan  Bos  worth, 
Samuel  Carjientcr, 
Richard  Whitaker, 
Mr.  Tanner, 
Stephen  Paine,  jun. 
Jonathan  Palmer, 


James  Ciiilson, 
Rice  Leonard, 
Samuel  Newman, 
John  Doggett, 
Anthony  Perry, 
Thomas  Cooper,  jun. 
George  Kendricke, 
John  Butterworth, 
Mr.  Myles, 
Richard  Bowen,  jun. 
Mr.  Newman, 
Joseph  Peck, 
William  Sabin, 
Ichabod  Miller,  jun. 
Mr.  Daniel  Smith, 
Mr.  Browne, 
Robert  Miller, 
John  Titus, 
Nathaniel  Peck, 
George  Robinson, 
Robert  Fuller, 
John  Fitch, 
Thomas  Willmot, 
Willliam  Buckland, 
John  Kinslye, 
Jonathan  Fuller, 
John  Miller,  sen. 
Joseph  Carpenter, 
Samuel  Peck, 
Sampson  Mason, 


58  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

James  Redeway,  John  Allin*  jun. 

Nicholas  Ide,  John  Reade,  jun. 

Deacon  Co(^)er»  John  LowelU 

Joseph  BuckUnd,  Francis  Stephens, 

Thomas  Grant,  Edward  HaU 

Israel  Peck,  John  Woodcock, 

Captain  Willet,  John  AUin,  sen. 

Jonathan  Bliss,  Abraham  Martin, 

Lieutenant  Hunt,  Ovid  Bullock. 
Eldad  Kinsly,. 

During  this  year  the  Rev.  Noah  Newman,  son  of  the  Rev. 
Samuel  Newman,  was  settled  by  the  church  and  town  as  their 
minister. 

December  4,  1668,  the  following  vote  was  passed  by  the  town 
relative  to  his  support: 

''That  Mr.  Newman  should  have  forty  pounds  a  year  and  his 
wood  provided,  to  begin  last  March,  for  his  comfortable  main- 
tenance, for  the  carrying  in  end  the  work  of  the  ministry  amongst 
us.  Deacon  Carpenter,  Lieutenant  Hunt,  and  Goodman  Roades 
were  chosen  to  see  that  the  aforesaid  order  should  be  accomplished, 
and  to  speak  to  those  that  are  defective  in  their  not  doing  their 
duty." 

From  the  above  vote  it  appears  that  Mr.  Newman  commenced 
his  ministry  in  Rehoboth,  in  March. 

January  1,  1668-9.'    "It  was  voted  that  there  should  be  some 

land  broke  and  fenced  about  the  minister's  house,  for  the  planting- 
of  an  orchard,  and  other  conveniences;  and  the  townsmen  were 
appointed  to  see  the  thing  accomplished.*' 

May  14,  1669.  '*It  was  voted  and  agreed  upon,  that  the  house 
which  was  built  for  the  ministry  Mr.  Newman  should  enjoy  as 
long  as  he  continues  in  the  work  of  the  ministry  amongst  us. 

"It  was  also  at  the  same  time  voted,  that  Mr.  Newman  should 
also  enjoy  the  lands,  meadows,  commons,  &c.  of  the  pastors  and 

*  Style  is  Old  and  New.  In  Old  Style  the  year  commenced  on  the  25th  of 
March.  The  correction  of  the  calendar  by  Pope  Gregory,  in  1582,  was  not 
adopted  by  the  British  Parliament  till  1751,  when  it  was  ordered  that  eleven 
days  should  be  struck  out  of  September  of  1752,  and  the  third  day  of  that 
month  was  reckoned  the  fourteenth.  This  latter  mode  of  reckoning  is  called 
New  Style,  and  the  year  commenced  on  the  first  of  January.  Before  the  year 
1752,  there  was  sometimes  a  confusion  in  dates,  it  being  difficult  to  determine 
whether  January,  February,  and  a  part  of  March  closed  the  year  or  began 
another.  Hence  the  mode  of  double  dates,  as  "Jan.  1,  1668-9,*'  which  is  1669 
New  Style.  And  in  order  to  find  the  day  of  the  month  in  New  Style,  corre- 
sponding to  a  given  day  of  any  month  in  Old  Style,  we  must  consider  the 
latter  as  eleven  days  in  advance  of  the  former,  and  add  eleven  days  to  the 
present  date.  For  instance,  the  24th  of  March,  1668,  Old  Style,  corresponds 
to  April  4th,  1669,  New  Style. 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS  59 

teachers,  as  long  as  he  continues  in  the  work  of  the  ministry 
amongst  us:  excepting  there  shall  be  another  oflScer  chosen  and 
settled  amongst  us,  and  then  Mr.  Newman  is  to  have  one  of  the 
accommodations  of  pastors  or  teachers,  and  the  other  officer,  if 
ever  any  be  joined  with  him,  is  to  have  the  other  accommodations 
so  long  as  they  attend  their  work. 

"At  the  same  time  it  was  voted,  enacted,  and  agreed  upon, 
that,  seeing  it  is  the  intention  of  the  town  to  preserve  the  house 
built  for  the  ministry,  and  to  keep  it  for  that  use;  the  town  there- 
fore seeth  cause  to  engage  themselves,  that,  if  it  should  please  God, 
that  by  his  providence  he  should  remove  Mr.  Newman  by  death, 
while  he  continues  in  the  ministerial  work,  and  should  leave  a 
wife  and  family  behind  him;  that  his  wife  or  family  that  he  leaves 
behind  him,  shall  have  four-score  pounds  paid  to  her  or  them, 
at  their  leaving  or  removing  out  of  the  house,  and  the  said  four- 
score pounds  to  be  raised  by  a  rate  of  the  inhabitants  of  the  town, 
according  to  their  several  proportions.  The  former  word  family, 
to  be  interpreted  Mr.  Newman's  children. 

"At  the  same  time  it  was  also  voted,  that  Mr.  Newman  should 
have  three-score  pounds  a  year  paid  him  yearly,  for  his  com- 
fortable subsistence  in  the  work  of  the  ministry.  And  Mr.  Stephen 
Pain,  senior.  Deacon  Cooper,  and  William  Sabin,  were  chosen  by 
the  town,  desiring  them  to  take  some  pains  to  see  how  it  might 
be  raised:  that  if  it  might  be,  it  might  be  raised  freely;  for  every 
person  whom  it  concerns  to  contribute  towards  it  freely;  and 
that  thenceforward  persons  will  take  care  that  it  might  be  effec- 
tually accomplished;  and  also,  that  the  forty  pounds  a  year  which 
is  past  be  inquired  into,  to  see  if  it  be  accomplished;  and  if  these 
persons  do  apprehend  that  the  aforesaid  way  will  not  effect  the 
thing,  then  the  town  are  to  seriously  consider  of  some  other  way, 
that  it  may  be  effected  for  the  comfortable  carrying  on  of  the 
worship  and  ordinances  of  God  amongst  us." 

At  the  same  meeting,  "the  town  with  one  consent  declared 
by  vote,  that  the  proposition  from  the  Court  about  sales  of  guns, 
powder,  and  shot  to  the  Indians,  they  apprehend  it  will  be  greatly 
detrimental  to  our  English  interest,  and  therefore  declare  them- 
selves against  it." 

July  29,  1669.  At  a  town  meeting  it  was  voted  "that  a  rate 
should  be  made  to  answer  the  warrant  from  the  Court;  and  the 
raters  chosen  were  Mr.  Stephen  Paine,  senior.  Lieutenant  Hunt, 
Henry  Smith,  Nicholas  Peck,  Deacon  Cooper,  Philip  Walker. 

"Voted  that  those  that  pay  butter,  shall  pay  for  the  trans- 
portation of  butter,  and  they  that  pay  wheat,  shall  pay  for  the 
transportation  of  their  wheat,  and  they  that  pay  money,  to  pay 
for  no  transportation  of  either  wheat  or  butter." 

There  was  a  rate  made  the  30th  of  July,  1669,  being  the  first  part  of 
the  payment  of  the  county  rate,  amounting  to  the  sum  of  X13.3«. 


60  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

November  4,  1669.  "It  was  voted  and  agreed  that  there 
should  be  a  rate  made  for  the  purchasing  of  powder  and  lead,  as 
much  as  will  make  up  the  town  stock,  according  to  the  order  of 
the  Court,  with  what  there  is  already.  Mr.  Stephen  Paine, 
Lieutenant  Hunt,  Ensign  Smith,  Philip  Walker,  and  Nicholas  Peck, 
were  chosen  to  make  the  rate." 

December  12,  1670.  At  a  town  meeting,  "Deacon  Cooper, 
Lieutenant  Hunt,  John  Reade,  senior,  and  William  Sabin,  were 
chosen  raters,  to  make  a  rate  for  Mr.  Newman's  maintenance, 
according  to  a  former  vote." 

November  8,  1670.  "At  a  town  meeting  lawfully  warned,  it 
was  voted  that  the  line  should  be  forthwith  run  between  the 
North  Purchase  and  the  mile  and  a  half  given  to  the  town  for  en- 
largement." 

The  "mile  and  a  half,"  here  referred  to,  was  the  subject  of  con- 
siderable dispute  between  the  town  of  Rehoboth  and  the  pro- 
prietors of  the  North  Purchase,  being  claimed  by  both.  It  was 
given  to  Rehoboth  by  a  mere  verbal  grant  from  commissioners  of 
the  Colony ;  and  was  at  length  confirmed  to  them  by  the  Plymouth 
Court,  in  the  following  act  of  June,  1668: 

'*This  Court  have  ordered,  that  a  tract  of  land,  containing  a 
mile  and  a  half,  lying  on  the  north  side  of  the  town  of  Rehoboth, 
is  allowed  to  be  the  proper  right  of  the  said  township.  And  such 
lands  as  are  lying  betwixt  the  Bay  line  and  it,  is  to  be  accounted 
within  the  constablerick  of  Rehoboth,  until  the  Court  shall  order 
otherwise.  And  that  such  farms  as  lyeth  within  the  said  liberties 
shall  be  responsible  in  point  of  rating  at  the  Colony's  disposal." 
(Plym.  Col.  Records,) 

November  23,  1670.  A  committee  was  chosen  to  meet  the 
Treasurer  of  Taunton  to  settle  the  bounds  between  the  North 
Purchase  and  Taunton  North  Purchase.  The  committee  were 
Ensign  Smith,  William  Sabin,  and  William  Carpenter. 

"January  9,  1670-1.  At  a  town  meeting  lawfully  warned,  it 
was  voted  and  agreed,  that  Capt.  Hudson  of  Boston,  and  John 
Fitch  (probably  of  Rehoboth)  shall  have  liberty  to  build  a  ware- 
house at  the  water  side,  and  a  wharf;  and  Mr.  Paine,  senior,  and 
Ensign  Smith  were  chosen  to  appoint  them  the  place  and  quantity 
of  ground  for  the  ware-house. — ^John  Dogget  also  had  the  like 
liberty  granted  him." 

May  12,  1671.  "It  was  voted  and  agreed  upon  by  the  town, 
that,  whereas  Mr.  Newman's  maintenance  hath  not  reached  unto 
what  hath  been  engaged  unto  him  by  the  towne,  that  there  shall 
be  a  trial  made  by  contribution  every  Sabbath  day,  to  see  whether 


EARLY  SETTLERS  AND  ANNALS  61 

it  may  amount  to  his  comfortable  maintenance;  and  that  the 
next  Sabbath  day  there  be  a  trial  made,  and  all  persons  whom  it 
concerns  do  bring  in,  the  first  Sabbath,  for  the  time  that  is  past 
from  the  first  of  March  last." 

November  7,  1671.  "It  was  voted  that  a  fence  be  built  to  the 
minister's  house,  and  weather-boards  put  upon  the  house  for  the 
preservation  of  it;  and  the  townsmen  were  chosen  to  see  it  effected, 
and  also  they  were  empowered  to  make  a  rate  for  the  payment  of 
it." 

May  16,  1672.  **It  was  agreed  and  voted  that  the  townsmen 
are  to  draw  up  such  particulars  as  may  be  necessary  for  the  gen- 
eral good  of  the  town,  as  instructions  for  the  deputies  to  manage 
at  the  Court." 

February  6, 1673.  **It  was  voted  and  agreed  that  the  townsmen 
and  Anthony  Page  should  treat  with  our  Reverend  Pastor,  Mr. 
Noah  Newman,  respecting  the  house  and  lot  that  he  lives  in." 

May  14,  1673.  John  Woodcock,  Thomas  Willmarth,  Josiah 
Palmer,  Thomas  Reade,  and  John  Ormsby,  were  propounded  to 
the  freemen  at  the  town  meeting,  to  take  up  their  freedom,  and 
approved  of. 

May  20,  1673.  **At  a  town  meeting  lawfully  warned,  it  was 
voted  and  agreed  upon,  that  the  house  that  our  Reverend  Pastor 
now  lives  in,  and  the  lot  that  the  house  stands  upon  shall  be  his 
forever,  in  consideration  and  in  lieu  of  the  four-score  pounds  that 
was  engaged  at  Mr.  Newman's  death;  and  that  the  former  act 
of  the  town,  concerning  the  four-score  pounds,  shall  be  invalid 
when  the  town  give  our  Reverend  Pastor  assurance  of  the  afore- 
said house  and  lot." 

November  13,  1674.  *Tt  was  voted  and  agreed  upon,  that  to 
every  hundred  pounds  estate  rate,  such  persons  shall  carry  in 
to  our  Reverend  pastor  half  a  cord  of  wood  for  his  winter  fire. 

"It  was  also  agreed  upon,  that  a  due  proportion  be  made  upon 
the  polls,  for  the  raising  of  fifty  pounds  for  our  Reverend  Pastor 
for  the  present  year. 

"It  was  also  agreed  upon  that  a  new  meeting-house  should  be 
built,  and  the  townsmen  were  chosen  to  take  into  consideration 
the  business  of  it,  and  what  is  material  to  the  furthering  of  it; 
and  to  bring  in  their  apprehensions  the  next  town-meeting." 


CHAPTER  II 

KING  PHILIP'S  WAR 

In  this  tragedy  involving  the  extinction  of  a  race,  the  reader's 
interest  will  be  quickened  by  considering  the  relation  of  the  chief 
actors  to  each  other. 

Osamequin,  commonly  known  as  Massassoit,  was  the  chief 
sachem  of  the  Wampanoags,  a  once  powerful  tribe  of  3,000  war- 
riors, but,  a  short  time  before  the  landing  of  the  Pilgrim  fathers, 
much  weakened  by  a  fearful  plague  which  swept  away  a  large 
part  of  the  population.  This  tribe  occupied  the  territory  of  South- 
eastern Massachusetts,  including  all  the  land  between  Narragan- 
sett  Bay  and  Pawtucket  River  on  the  west  and  the  Atlantic 
Ocean  on  the  east,  or  what  is  now  Plymouth  and  Bristol  Counties 
in  Massachusetts,  and  Bristol  County  in  Rhode  Island;  also  the 
Cape  Cod  area,  and  possibly  a  part  of  Norfolk  County. 

Within  his  domain  there  were  several  subordinate  tribes  which 
gave  him  allegiance,  but  each  had  its  own  sachem.  There  were  the 
Namaskets  about  Middleborough,  of  which  Tuspaquin  was  chief; 
the  Pocassets  at  Tiverton  and  westward  as  far  as  Somerset, 
of  which  Conbitant  (or  Corbitant)  was  chief,  succeeded  by  Weeta- 
moo,  wife,  first  of  Wamsutta,  brother  of  Philip,  then  of  Petono- 
wowett  (or  Petananuit),  called  by  the  English  "Ben,"  and  also 
"Peter  Nunuit,"  who  cast  in  his  lot  with  the  English;  the  Sacon- 
nets  at  Little  Compton,  ruled  by  the  "squaw  sachem'*  Awashonks, 
a  neighbor  of  Benjamin  Church;  the  Nausets  at  Eastham  on  Cape 
Cod;  the  Matachees  at  Barnstable;  the  Monomoys  at  Chatham; 
the  Saukatuckets  at  Mashpee;  and  the  Nobsquassets  at  Yar- 
mouth. The  Massachusetts  tribe  was  north  of  the  Wampanoags 
in  the  vicinity  of  Boston. 

Some  writers  designate  all  these  cognate  tribes,  even  including 
the  Massachusetts,  by  the  term  Pokanoket,  so  called  from  the 
tribal  seat  at  Mount  Hope,  within  the  County  of  Bristol,  R.I. 
**The  dominion  properly  belonging  to  the  Wampanoags  was 
known  as  Pokanoket"  (Bodge). 

Massassoit's  residence  was  at  Sowams  (now  Barrington,  R.I.). 
One  of  his  residences  was  also  at  Mount  Hope,  which  afterwards 
became  the  residence  of  his  son  Philip  or  Metacomct. 


KING  PHILIP'S  WAR  63 

Massassoit  had  two  brothers,  Akkompoin  and  Quadequina,  who 
were  his  counselors.  The  two  of  his  sons  known  to  fame  were 
Wamsutta  (Alexander)  and  Pometacom,  Metacom  or  Metacomet 
(Philip).  Alexander  married  Weetamoo,  queen  of  the  Pocassets, 
and  Philip  married  her  sister  Wootonekanuske.  After  Alexander's 
death  Weetamoo  married  Petonowowett,  known  as  "Peter 
Nunuit"  or  "Ben." 

Massassoit  had  a  daughter  Amie,  who  became  the  wife  of 
Tuspaquin,  chief  of  the  Namaskets,  and  their  daughter  (Philip's 
niece)  married  John  Sassamon,  who  became  private  secretary  to 
Philip  and  betrayed  him  to  the  English. 

King  Philip  had  a  nine-year-old  son,  who  was  captured  by  the 
English  and  with  his  noble  mother  was  sold  into  slavery  in  the 
West  Indies. 

The  Narragansetts  were  a  large  and  important  tribe  who  lived 
to  the  west  of  Narragansett  Bay.  Their  chief  sachem  was  the 
great  Canonicus,  who  was  succeeded  by  his  nephew,  Miantonomi, 
and  he  in  turn  by  his  son  Canonchet,  who  led  his  braves  at  Pierce's 
6ght  and  died  heroically  for  the  lost  cause  of  his  people. 

King  Philip's  War  began  on  "Fast  Day."  June  24,  1675,  in 
Swansea,  on  the  borders  of  Rehoboth,  and  ended  within  the 
limits  of  Rehoboth  by  the  capture  of  Annawan,  Aug.  28,  1676. 

Between  these  two  dates  Rehoboth  was  kept  in  an  almost 
constant  state  of  alarm  and  suffered  severely  from  its  proximity 
to  Mount  Hope,  Philip's  head-quarters.  With  the  exception  of 
the  garrison  houses  the  whole  town  was  at  one  time  laid  in  ashes, 
and  a  number  of  the  inhabitants  were,  at  different  times,  slain. 

Massassoit  was  a  wise  pacifist  and  the  abiding  friend  of  the 
white  settlers,  so  that  during  his  lifetime  there  was  no  serious 
trouble.  However  much  he  may  have  felt  the  encroachments  of 
the  English  on  his  territory,  he  continued  to  surrender  to  them 
large  tracts  of  land  for  a  meager  compensation,  and,  dying  in  1662, 
left  his  sons  a  legacy  of  good-will  and  a  good  name.  His  eldest 
son  Alexander  succeeded  him,  ]>ut  died  the  same  year  under  cir- 
cumstances which  seemed  to  the  Indians  suspicious.  By  the 
order  of  succession  Philip,  alia,s  Metacomet,  the  second  son  of  the 
noble  Osamequin,  became  chief  of  the  Wampanoags.  Bliss,  in 
his  history,  sets  forth  vividly  what  he  conceives  to  have  been 
Philip's  motives  in  bringing  on  war. 

"Things  for  a  while  wore  a  pacific  aspect,  though  it  is  evident 


64  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTII 

that,  from  his  accession,  Philip  cherished  feelings  of  jealousy  and 
hostility  towards  his  English  neighbors;  and  that,  sensible  of  their 
growing  power  and  the  rapid  decrease  of  the  Indians,  and  seeing 
the  inevitable  fate  that  awaited  him  and  his  people,  should  the 
English  be  left  to  spread  themselves  thus  unmolested,  he  de- 
termined to  make  one  desperate  effort  to  free  himself  and  his 
country  by  a  war  of  utter  extermination.  The  better  to  effect  this 
and  disguise  his  intentions,  he  amused  the  English  by  professions 
of  friendship  and  submission;  renewed  the  treaties  which  his 
father  had  made;  disposed  of  his  lands,  and  gave  quit-claims  of 
those  before  sold  by  his  father  and  brother,  to  raise  the  means  for 
supplying  his  men  with  fire-arms  and  ammunition;  cultivated 
the  friendship  of  the  neighboring  tribes  of  Indians,  smothering 
the  feuds  and  reconciling  the  quarrek  of  centuries;  and  thus,  by 
deluding  the  English,  and  strengthening  himself  by  increasing 
his  connexions  and  alliances,  he  was  preparing  secretly  and  silently 
the  war  which  was  to  shake  New  England  to  its  center  and  deluge 
the  land  with  blood." 

Admitting  the  general  fairness  of  this  presentation,  we  will 
also  look  at  the  matter  from  a  somewhat  different  point  of  view. 
Modem  writers  have  sharply  scored  the  New  England  Puritans 
for  their  selfish  greed  in  dealing  with  the  real  owners  of  the  soil. 
With  few  exceptions,  like  John  Eliot  and  Edward  Winslow,  they 
were  inclined  to  exploit  their  Indian  neighbors  for  their  own  ad- 
vantage. The  Indian's  ignorance  was  his  weakness  and  his  un- 
doing. To  the  Englishman  he  was  a  heathen  with  no  rights  one 
was  bound  to  respect.  "Once  an  undisputed  lord  of  the  lands  of 
his  ancestors,  he  became  an  exile  or  an  object  of  sordid  traffic. 
He  saw  the  graves  of  his  people  robbed  and  defaced,  and  later  on, 
himself  debauched  and  unscrupulously  plundered."  This  may  help 
explain  the  growing  hatred  of  the  Indian  for  his  white  neighbor, 
driving  him  at  times  to  cruel  reprisals. 

Such  bitterness  and  wrath  was  not  developed  in  these  unsophis- 
ticated humans  without  a  cause.  We  call  them  savages,  but  their 
lives  were  simple  and  primitive  before  they  learned  the  vices  and 
deceptive  tricks  of  an  aggressive  civilization. 

The  statement  is  often  made  by  historians  that  the  Indians 
were  fairly  paid  for  their  lands.  In  the  case  of  the  Pilgrim  fathers 
at  Plymouth,  led  by  men  like  Winslow  and  Bradford,  this  was  in 
the  main  true.    The  continuance  of  the  colony  depended  on  the 


KING  PHILIP'S  WAR  65 

friendship  of  Massassoit  and  his  people,  while  he  on  his  part 
needed  the  protection  of  the  colony.  Doubtless  the  treatment 
of  the  Indian  by  the  Plymouth  Pilgrims  was  on  the  whole  kind 
and  equitable.  Had  the  later  comers  been  as  forbearing  as  these, 
there  would  have  been  no  bloody  war  to  chronicle,  for  there  was 
a  kindly  response  to  such  fair  treatment  from  men  like  the  great 
Massassoit,  brave  old  Canonicus  of  the  Narragansetts,  and  the 
noble  Samoset,  and  we  believe  their  successors  might  have  been 
won  in  like  manner. 

But  the  Puritan  coming  later  with  his  rougher  conscience  began 
to  encroach  on  the  Indians'  rights,  absorbing  their  hunting- 
grounds,  their  cornfields  and  the  streams  that  supplied  them  with 
fish;  and  the  Englishman's  apology  for  all  this  was  his  superior 
civilization,  giving  him,  as  he  professed  to  believe,  a  right  to  the 
heathen's  inheritance,  even  as  Joshua  drove  out  the  old  Cana- 
anitcs  and  took  possession  of  their  land.  If  the  Indian  gave  a  deed 
of  his  lands  to  the  Englishman,  it  was  by  an  instrument  of  which 
he  had  slight  comprehension,  the  consideration  for  which  was  a 
pittance, —  a  few  fathoms  of  wampum,  a  few  hatchets  and  coats, 
and  perhaps  a  bit  of  tobacco  with  a  looking-glass  thrown  in.  Too 
often  the  poor  savage  was  a  modern  Esau,  selling  his  birthright 
for  a  mess  of  pottage  as  in  the  case  of  Robin  Hood,  a  Maine  sachem, 
who  deeded  a  large  tract  of  land  on  the  Sasanoa  for  a  hogshead  of 
com  and  a  few  pumpkins.  Even  old  Rehoboth  was  bought  of 
Massassoit  for  ten  fathoms  of  wampum,  equal  at  that  time  to 
fifty  shillings,  with  a  coat  thrown  in.  Thus  within  two  generations 
the  settlers  had  absorbed  all  the  Pokanoket  lands,  until  Philip 
found  himself  and  his  whole  tribe  hemmed  within  the  narrow 
bounds  of  Mt.  Hope  Neck,  with  no  way  out  except  by  canoe  or 
through  his  neighbor's  fenced  land. 

Drake  in  his  introductory  chapter  to  '*The  Old  Indian  Chron- 
icle," remarks  (p.  2) :  ''Had  every  white  inhabitant  who  sat  him- 
self down  by  the  side  of  an  Indian  been  kind  and  generous,  dis- 
covered less  of  avarice,  and  not  taken  pains  to  make  himself 
offensive  by  his  unmistakable  haughtiness,  few  cases  of  contention 
would  have  arisen." 

Philip  had  arranged  that  the  great  blow  should  be  struck  in  the 

spring  of  1676,  which  would  wipe  out  the  English  Colonists  or 

drive  them  from  the  country,  but  for  two  reasons  mainly  he  was 

forced  to  begin  the  war  before  his  plans  were  matured;   one  of 

5 


66  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

these  was  the  impatience  of  the  young  warriors,  and  the  other 
was  the  treachery  of  John  Sassamon.  This  bursting  out  of  the 
war  nearly  a  year  before  the  appointed  time  cost  Philip  the 
early  support  of  the  Narragansetts,  although  they  joined  him 
some  months  later. 

As  early  as  the  spring  of  1671,  the  English  settlers  became 
alarmed  at  the  evidence  they  discovered  of  warlike  preparations 
on  the  part  of  King  Philip  and  they  suspected  that  some  plot  was 
on  foot  for  their  destruction.  There  is  no  documentary  proof  that 
such  was  the  case,  but  numerous  strange  Indians  seen  mingling 
with  the  Wampanoags,  together  with  Philip's  reluctance  to  meet 
the  Colonists  at  Taunton  at  their  request,  excited  their  suspicions, 
and  they  demanded  that  he  appear  before  them  on  the  13th  of 
April.  Thus  coerced,  Philip  came  to  Taunton  with  some  of  his 
sachems.  Here  he  was  met  by  the  armed  militia  of  the  town,  not 
without  hostile  demonstrations,  but  after  some  parleying  it  was 
agreed  that  a  council  should  be  held  in  the  Taunton  meeting- 
house, one  side  of  which  should  be  occupied  by  the  English  and  the 
other  by  the  Indians. 

The  English  charged  him  with  plotting  rebellion  against  their 
government,  although  the  question  is  pertinent,  as  Pierce  says  in 
his  Indian  History  (p.  57),  "how  King  Philip,  an  independent 
prince  and  ruler  of  another  nation,  could  thus  rebel."  He  was 
pressed  to  sign  a  treaty  of  allegiance  to  the  King  of  England  and 
to  surrender  all  guns  and  ammunition  held  by  the  Indians.  Into 
such  straits  did  the  hard  diplomacy  of  the  English  bring  this  un- 
tutored savage. 

At  this  date  bows  and  arrows  had  been  mostly  superseded  by 
guns,  upon  which  the  Indians  had  come  to  rely  almost  exclusively 
for  providing  themselves  with  game  for  food.  To  be  forced  to  give 
up  their  chief  means  of  livelihood  which  they  had  bought  and 
owned,  and  which  if  once  surrendered  could  never  be  recovered, 
seemed  to  them  nothing  less  than  robbery.  But  Philip,  swallowing 
his  anger  and  righteous  resentment  at  such  demands,  signed  the 
treaty  known  as  "his  submission,"  along  with  his  chief  captains, 
and  surrendered  what  guns  his  men  had  with  them  at  the  time; 
but  one  can  hardly  believe  he  intended  to  carry  out  a  promise 
exacted  under  such  unfair  conditions. 

The  failure  of  the  Indians  generally  to  comply  with  these  terms, 
which  would  render  them  practically  helpless,  caused  a  meeting 


KING  PHILIP'S  WAR  67 

of  the  Commissioners  of  the  United  Colonies  to  be  held  at  Plym- 
outh in  September  of  that  year,  which  extorted  from  Philip  the 
promise  to  pay  within  three  years  £100  of  such  things  as  he  had 
and  to  send  to  the  governor  of  Plymouth  Colony  five  wolves* 
heads  yearly.  This  new  promise,  dated  Sept.  26,  1671,  was  signed 
by  Philip  and  a  few  of  his  chiefs.  A  general  disarming  of  the  In- 
dians was  then  undertaken  with  more  or  less  friction,  causing 
hatred  and  a  desire  for  revenge  on  the  part  of  the  Indians  and 
moving  Philip  to  extend  his  destructive  plot  far  and  wide. 

Meanwhile,  the  whites,  thinking  they  had  drawn  the  lion's 
teeth,  were  lulled  into  a  false  security  for  the  next  three  years, 
when  an  event  occurred  which  precipitated  the  war. 

John  Sassamon  (or  Sausamon)  was  a  native  of  Dorchester  and 
the  son  of  'Traying  Indians."  He  was  educated  by  the  English, 
and  assisted  John  Eliot  in  his  translation  of  the  Bible  into  the  In- 
dian tongue.  He  became  a  teacher  at  Natick,  and  afterwards  a 
preacher  and  missionary.  He  was  of  a  restless  and  changeable 
disposition,  and  when  some  difficulty  arose  at  Natick,  he  left  and 
went  to  Mount  Hope,  where  he  became  King  Philip's  private 
secretary  and  interpreter  and  learned  his  most  secret  plans.  Re- 
turning after  some  years  to  Natick,  he  was  received  into  full 
communion  and  was  afterwards  sent  as  missionary  to  the  Na- 
masket  Indians  at  Middleborough,  where  he  received  from  Tuspa- 
quin,  their  chief,  twenty-seven  acres  of  land  for  a  house-lot,  at 
Assawamset  Neck,  now  in  the  town  of  Lakeville.  The  chief  also 
gave  fifty-eight  and  a  half  acres  to  an  Indian  named  Felix,  who 
married  Sassamon's  daughter  Betty,  and  the  Neck  where  she 
lived  was  called  after  her,  Betty's  Neck,  or  Squawbetiy,  which  it 
bears  to  this  day.  Tuspaquin's  wife  was  Amie,  the  sister  of 
King  Philip,  and  Sassamon  married  their  daughter.  He  was 
fully  trusted  by  Philip  and  other  members  of  the  royal  family 
and  learned  at  first  hand  the  plot  to  cut  off  the  English  settle- 
ments. This  plot  he  revealed  to  the  English  at  Plymouth,  en- 
joining secrecy  lest  his  life  should  be  forfeited.  A  few  days  later, 
Jan.  29,  1674-5,  Sassamon's  body  was  found  in  Assawamset  pond 
with  wounds  and  bruises  indicating  murder.  Three  Indians  were 
arrested  and  executed,  two  of  whom  denied  all  knowledge  of  the 
act,  but  one  confessed.  One  of  the  three  was  Tobias,  a  counselor 
of  King  Philip.  Probably  Philip,  on  discovering  Sassamon's  treach- 
ery, condemned  him  to  death  after  the  Indian  fashion.    This  .exe- 


68  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

cution  of  his  subjects  by  the  English  seemed  to  Philip  a  meddle- 
some interference  with  the  course  of  Indian  justice*  and  so  exas- 
perated him  that  he  now  threw  off  all  disguise  and  pushed  his  prep- 
arations as  diligently  as  possible.  The  Court,  however,  took 
little  notice  of  this  except  to  forbid  the  lending  of  arms  to  the 
Indians  and  to  guard  more  carefully  the  frontier  towns. 

On  the  14th  of  June,  James  Brown  of  Swansea  went  with  a 
friendly  letter  to  Philip  from  Governor  Winslow  and  found  his 
young  warriors  in  a  hostile  mood.  'Teter  Nunuit"  (Petonowo- 
wett)  told  Captain  Church  that  Brown  would  have  been  killed 
had  not  Philip  prevented  it,  saying  that  "'his  father  had  charged 
him  to  show  kindness  to  Mr.  Brown." 

On  Sunday,  June  20,  1675,  some  Indians  coming  into  Swansea 
began  to  annoy  the  English  by  killing  their  cattle  and  burning  two 
houses,  hoping  thus  to  provoke  an  attack,  as  they  had  the  idea 
that  the  party  who  shed  the  first  blood  would  be  finally  conquered. 
An  Englishman,  angered  by  their  insolence,  fired  upon  one  of 
them  and  wounded  him.  This  was  a  signal  for  the  Indians  to  be- 
gin the  onset.  Thursday,  June  24th,  was  a  day  of  fasting  and 
prayer  in  the  Plymouth  Colony,  and  during  the  services  at  Swan- 
sea the  Indians  pillaged  several  houses  and  later  fired  upon  the 
people  returning  home  from  church,  killing  one  man  and  wounding 
others.  Two  men  who  were  sent  for  a  surgeon  were  also  killed,  and 
in  another  part  of  the  town,  called  Kickemuit,  six  men  were  slain 
while  hauling  com  to  Bourne's  garrison,  making  nine  Englbhmen 
who  were  murdered  in  Swansea  on  this  first  day  of  the  war.  Mes- 
sengers sent  to  treat  with  Philip  and  prevent  an  outbreak  came 
upon  the  bodies  of  the  men  slain  in  the  highway,  and  speedily 
turned  back. 

The  people  everywhere  fled  to  the  garrison-houses,  whither  they 
carried  their  com  and  other  provisions.  Runners  were  sent  to 
Boston  and  Plymouth  for  assistance.  In  Boston,  at  the  beat  of 
drums,  within  three  hours  110  men  volunteered  to  take  the  field 
under  command  of  Capt.  Samuel  Mosely,  also  Capt.  Daniel 
Henchman  was  soon  on  the  march  with  his  company  of  regulars, 
and  Capt.  Thomas  Prentice  with  his  troop  of  horse. 

The  Plymouth  people  had  been  warned  that  the  attack  on  Swan- 
sea was  imminent  and  had  sent  forward  seventeen  mounted  men 
from  Bridgewater,  who  arrived  at  Bourne's  garrison  in  Mat- 
tapoiset   (now  Gardner's  Neck)  on  June  22d.    Here  were  col- 


KING  PHIUP-S  WAR 


lected  seventy  of  the  English,  of  whom  fifty-four  were  women 

and  children.     Tliese  were  later  transferred  to  the  island  of  Khode 

Island   for   greater   safety. 

The    Indians   had   already 

taken   their    women    and 

children  over  to  the  Narra- 

gansetts.    The  other  Plym- 
outh  Colony    troops    were 

assembled  at  Taunton  and 

placed  under  the  command 

of  Capt    James  Cudworth 

of  Scituate,  who    outrank 

ing  the  Massachusetts  offi 

cers,   became    on  reaching 

Swansea     commander  m 

chief  for  tlie  time  being  of 

the  combined  forces  of  both 
colonies. 

The  Massachusetts  troops 
leaving  Boston  on  the  26tb, 
with  only  a  brief  halt  at 
Woodcock's  Garrison  (at 


^^^||*ilj|g5lg5     North    Attleborough), 


rived  at  Swansea  late  in  the 
afternoon  of  June  28th,  and 
Hon»E.  VKAR  uiLBs'  BBiDoi^  BWANBSA         thcrc  joined  the  Plymouth 

forces  at  Miles'  Garrison, 
located  at  the  west  end  of 
Miles'  Bridge,  just  below 
the  Rehoboth  line.  By  this 
time  the  men,  women,  and 
children  of  both  Swansea 
and  Rehoboth  hod  been 
placed  in  the  three  chief 
garrisons.' 

'  Of  tli«  three  |>rincipKl  ^nrrison 
houses  into  which  the  inhabit- 
■nti  of  Rehoboth  ind  Swansea 
were  lathered  at  times  during 
Philip  s  War,  one  WBS  b  the  Rehoboth  North  Purchase  (now  North  Attle- 
borough), called  "Woodcock's  tiarrtson";  another  on  Seekonk  Coiomon  (now 


70  fflSTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

The  inaction  of  the  Plymouth  Colony  forces  while  awaiting  the 
Boston  reinforcements  made  the  Indians  so  bold  that,  in  the  lan- 
guage of  Capt.  Church,  "they  shot  down  two  sentinels  under  the 
very  noses  of  the  soldiers  occupying  Miles*  Garrison."  They 
were  lying  in  wait  on  every  side  to  kill  all  that  went  abroad.  But 
on  the  arrival  of  Capt.  Prentice  with  his  troopers,  twelve  of  the 
men  under  command  of  Corporal  John  Gill  and  Quartermaster 
Joseph  Belcher  ventured  a  forward  movement,  and  taking  with 
them  Wm.  Hammond  as  pilot,  they  crossed  over  to  the  east  side 
of  Palmer's  River,  when  they  were  fired  upon  from  an  ambuscade, 
and  their  pilot  was  mortally  wounded.  Belcher  was  also  wounded 
besides  having  his  horse  shot  under  him,  and  a  musket-ball 
ploughed  its  way  through  Gill's  bufF  coat.  So  terrified  were  the 
troopers  at  this  their  first  taste  of  actual  warfare  that  they  fled 
panic-stricken  back  to  their  quarters;  and  but  for  the  bravery 
of  Benjamin  Church,  who  was  in  the  party  and  was  wounded  in 
the  foot,  they  would  have  left  their  wounded  companion  and  their 
dead  pilot  in  the  hands  of  the  enemy. 

The  next  morning,  June  29,  the  troops  continued  their  pursuit 
of  the  Indians.  Passing  over  Miles'  bridge  they  swept  down 
through  the  country  on  the  east  bank  of  the  river  till  they  came 
to  the  narrow  part  of  the  neck,  to  a  place  called  Kickemuit,  where 
they  found  the  heads  of  eight  white  men  whom  the  Indians 
had  murdered  and  set  upon  poles  by  the  side  of  the  way.  These 
they  took  down  and  buried.^ 

East  Providence,  U.I.);  and  the  third  nejir  Miles'  DridKC  in  the  northern 
part  of  Swanitea.  This  was  called  "Miles'  Garrison,*'  from  the  Itev.  John 
Miles,  the  minister  of  Swansea,  whose  house  was  garrisoned.  It  stood  a  short 
distance  west  of  Miles'  Bridge  which  crosses  Palmer's  River.  Woodcock's 
Garrison  was  named  from  John  Woodcock,  who  built  his  house  and  occupied 
it  before  the  war  and  after  it  during  his  life,  for  a  public  tavern.  This  garri- 
son was  near  the  Baptist  Meeting-House  in  North  Attleborough,  on  the  spot 
afterwards  occupied  by  Hatch's  tavern. 

The  old  garrison,  after  standing  one  hundred  and  thirty-six  years,  was  torn 
down,  its  timbers  "pierced  by  many  a  bullet  received  in  Philip's  War."  The 
principal  garrison-house  at  Seekonk  stood  on  the  southeast  side  of  the  Com- 
mon, on  the  spot  afterwards  occupied  by  Mr.  Phanuel  Bishop's  house.  There 
were  other  houses  occasionally  resorted  to  as  garrisons,  as  that  of  Major 
James  Brown  in  Swansea  and  of  one  Bourne  at  Mattapoiset. 

^At  the  west  end  of  Miles*  Bridge,  just  nouth  of  the  Kehoboth  line,  is  a 
tablet  of  bronse  set  in  a  granite  boulder  and  inscribed  as  follows: — 

"Near  this  spot  stood  the  John  Miles  Garrison  House,  the  place  of  meeting 
of  the  troops  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay  and  Plymouth  Colonies  commanded 
by  Major  Thomas  Savage  and  James  Cudworth,  who  marched  to  the  relief  of 
Swansea  at  the  opening  of  King  Philip's  War  A.D.  1675.  Then  fell  in  Swan- 
sea, slain  by  the  Indians,  Nehemiah  Allen,  William  Cahoone,  Gershom  Cobb, 


KING  PHILIP'S  WAR  71 

On  arriving  at  Mount  Hope  the  troops  found  that  Philip  and 
his  Indians  had  fled  out  of  that  peninsula  across  the  channel*  and 
later  it  was  learned  that  they  had  gone  to  Pocasset.  The  English 
erected  a  fort  on  Mount  Hope  Neck,  leaving  in  it  a  garrison  of 
forty  men. 

Major  Thomas  Savage  arrived  from  Boston  on  the  evening  of 
June  29th  with  men  and  supplies,  bringing  with  him  also  Capt. 
Paige's  troop  of  thirty-six  men.  The  accounts  of  the  next  few 
days  are  somewhat  vague,  but  it  appears  that  on  the  29th  and  30th 
the  troopers,  supported  by  Capt.  Mosely's  volunteers,  scouted 
through  the  whole  Mount  Hope  peninsula,  driving  some  Indians 
into  a  swamp  with  a  loss  of  five  or  six,  while  Ensign  Perez  Savage 
was  severely  wounded  on  the  English  side.  A  day  or  two  after- 
wards Capts.  Henchman  and  Prentice  searched  the  swamps  of 
Swansea  and  Rehoboth,  finding  very  few  Indians,  except  at  the 
latter  place,  where  they  saw  some  Indians  burning  a  house.  Lieut. 
Oakes  of  Prentice's  troop  pursued  them,  killing  four  or  five,  one 
of  whom  was  known  to  be  Thebe  or  Peebee,  a  sachem  of  Mount 
Hope,  after  whom  was  named  Peebee's  Neck  in  Barrington;  an- 
other of  them  was  a  chief  counselor  of  King  Philip.  In  this  raid 
the  Lieutenant  lost  one  of  his  company,  John  Druce  of  -Roxburyt 
to  the  great  grief  of  his  companions. 

As  no  more  Indians  were  discovered  in  this  section.  Major 
Savage  and  his  troops  were  ordered  into  the  Narragansett  country 
to  treat  with  that  tribe,  who  were  suspected  of  favoring  the  cause 
or  Philip;  but  they  found  the  young  warriors  gone  to  the  Connect- 
icut River  with  their  sachem  Canonchet.  A  treaty  was  concluded 
with  the  old  men  of  the  tribe,  which  Canonchet  rightly  regarded 
as  a  farce.  The  remaining  forces  sought  Philip  at  Pocasset  and 
found  that,  having  laid  waste  the  town  of  Dartmouth,  he  had 
taken  refuge  in  a  swamp.  Capt.  Henchman  built  a  fort  on  its 
border,  hoping  to  subdue  the  savages  by  hunger.  The  Indians 
by  a  feint  drew  the  English  far  into  an  ambuscade,  fired  upon  them 
and  killed  about  fifteen  of  them.  This  was  on  July  18,  1675. 
Before  this,  however.  Captain  Fuller  of  Plymouth  and  Benjamin 
Church,  commissary,  hoping  for  an  opportunity  to  treat  with  the 

John  Druce,  John  Fall,  William  Hammond,  John  Jones,  Robert  Jones,  Joseph 
Lewis.  John  Salisbury,  William  Salisbury.  To  mark  this  Historic  Site  this 
monument  was  erected  by  the  Commonwealth  of  Massachusetts,  A.D.  1912.'* 

Its  initiative  was  due  to  the  Rhode  Island  Citizens  Historical  Society. 


72  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

Sakonnet  and  Pocassct  Indiana  before  Philip  could  pledge  them» 
had  crossed  over  to  Pocasset  with  a  force  of  thirty-six  men,  and 
nearly  succeeded  in  ambuscading  the  Indians  when  some  of  Fuller** 
men  in  striking  fire  from  flint  to  smoke  tobacco  gave  them  warn- 
ing and  caused  them  to  flee.  Dividing  the  company.  Captain 
Fuller  pursued  the  savages  in  one  direction  and  Church  in  another. 
Fuller's  party  had  two  men  wounded  in  a  skirmish  and  were 
driven  to  a  deserted  house  whence  they  succeeded  in  getting  on 
board  a  vessel.  Church  and  his  followers  encountered  a  large 
force  of  the  enemy  and  were  in  extreme  danger  when  they  were 
rescued  by  Roger  Goulding  in  his  sloop,  the  stem  of  which  the 
Indians  filled  with  bullets.  Weetamoo,  the  queen  sachem  of  the 
Pocassets,  was  much  perplexed,  being  inclined  to  take  sides  with 
the  English,  but  Philip's  presence  had  the  effect  to  bring  her 
warriors  and  finally  herself  over  to  his  side,  doubtless  against 
her  better  judgment.  Possibly  the  fact  that  she  was  the  sister  of 
Philip's  wife  may  also  have  influenced  her.  But  much  to  the  sur- 
prise of  the  English,  Philip  with  his  warriors,  accompanied  by 
Weetamoo,  coming  out  of  the  swamp  by  night,  made  good  his 
escape  over  Taunton  River  and  directed  his  flight  towards  the 
Nipmucks,  a  numerous  tribe  living  mostly  in  Central  Massachu- 
setts. In  crossing  the  great  Seekonk  plain  in  Rehoboth  they  were 
discovered  by  some  of  the  settlers,  who  with  a  small  party  of 
Mohegans  pursued  them  under  the  leadership  of  Rev.  Noah  New- 
man, their  minister,  killing  twelve  of  Philip's  men.  Hubbard's 
account  of  the  affair  varies  somewhat  from  this  and  is  as  follows: 
''The  Mohegans,  with  the  men  of  Rehoboth  and  some  of  Prov- 
idence, came  upon  their  rear  over  night,  slew  about  thirty  of  them, 
and  took  much  plunder  from  them  without  any  considerable  loss 
to  the  English." 

According  to  Bodge  (pp.  30,  31),  the  Rehoboth  men  with  some 
volunteers  from  Providence  and  Taunton  led  by  the  Mohegans, 
were  joined  in  their  pursuit  of  Philip  by  Lieutenant  Nathaniel 
Thomas  with  eleven  men  of  his  Mount  Hope  garrison  and  by 
James  Brown  of  Swansea  with  twelve  men.  Their  united  force 
pushed  on  across  the  Blackstone  River,  and  having  rested  over 
night  surprised  the  Indians  early  in  the  morning  at  what  proved 
to  be  Weetamoo's  camp  at  a  place  called  Nipsachick  (now  Burrill- 
ville,  R.I.).  Some  twenty-three  of  the  enemy  were  killed,  in- 
cluding a  prominent  chief,  Woonashum  or  Ninirod.    Of  the  Eng- 


KING  PHILIP'S  WAR  73 

lish  two  were  killed  and  one  wounded.  Near  the  close  of  the  fight 
Rev.  Mr.  Newman  and  a  party  came  up  bringing  supplies.  Philip 
then  got  away  to  the  westward,  and  Weetamoo  and  her  people 
(except  the  fighting  men)  turned  off  into  the  Narragansettcountry. 

Inasmuch  as  Rehoboth  was  represented  in  the  great  Narragan- 
sett  Swamp  Fight  by  at  least  fifteen  soldiers,  a  brief  account  of 
that  fierce  and  decisive  battle  is  here  set  forth :  — 

In  December,  1675,  the  Narragansett  Indians  had  gone  into 
winter  quarters  at  South  Kingston,  R.I.  Their  rendezvous  was 
an  immense  fort  on  an  island  of  five  or  six  acres  in  the  center  of 
a  swamp.  This  fortress  was  surrounded  by  high  palisades,  with 
the  entrance  at  one  corner  having  a  sort  of  blockhouse  and  flankers. 
The  space  within  the  fort  area  was  dotted  with  wigwams,  in  which 
were  gathered  the  old  men,  women,  and  children  of  the  Narragan- 
sett tribe,  besides  many  refugees  of  the  Wampanoags  and  Pocas- 
scts.  It  is  stated  that  more  than  3,000  Indians  were  spending  the 
winter  in  this  fortified  retreat. 

The  English  troops,  with  Major  Josias  Winslow  in  command 
numbered  about  fifteen  hundred  men  besides  two  hundred  Indian 
allies,  mostly  Mohegans.  This  army  was  sent  from  the  United 
Colonies  for  the  purpose  of  crushing  the  assembled  Indians  at  a 
single  stroke.  They  were  conducted  to  the  stronghold  by  an 
Indian  called  Peter,  who  turned  traitor  to  his  people.  The  night 
of  December  18th  wa^  cold  and  stormy,  and  some  three  inches 
of  snow  covered  the  ground.  The  house  on  their  route  (Bull's 
Garrison)  in  which  they  expected  to  pass  the  night  was  burned  by 
the  Indians  before  their  arrival  and  they  had  no  shelter.  At  the 
dawn  of  day  (Sunday,  December  19th)  they  resumed  their  march 
of  fifteen  miles  and  at  1  o'clock  reached  the  margin  of  the  swamp. 
The  Indians  were  driven  to  their  stronghold,  and  the  troops  rushed 
impetuously  to  the  attack.  They  were  met  by  a  heavy  fire  of 
musketry.  In  the  first  charge  several  brave  officers  were  killed 
and  many  of  their  men.  Others,  however,  pressed  boldly  forward 
from  the  rear  and  were  soon  within  the  fort,  where  the  carnage 
raged  with  fiendish  cruelty  for  some  three  hours  and  the  dead 
lay  in  heaps.  Finally  the  Indians  were  driven  from  the  enclosure. 
The  wigwams  were  fired  and  an  immense  number  of  non-com- 
batants were  burned  alive.  It  has  been  stated  that  the  number  of 
wigwams  burned  was  about  one  thousand.  (Drake's  Indian 
Chronicle,  p.  183.)    Others  say  five  hundred. 


74  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

It  was  a  decisive  but  dearly  bought  victory  tor  the  English. 
Trumbull  states  that  including  the  Indian  allies  299  were  killed 
and  513  wounded.  Of  the  allies  he  gives  51  slain  and  82  wounded.^ 
Six  brave  captains  were  slain:  Davenport,  Gardiner*  Johnson* 
Gallop,  Seily,  and  Marshall;  Lieut.  Upham  was  mortally  wounded 
and  Captain  Gorham  of  Barnstable  was  stricken  with  a  fatal 
fever.  The  loss  on  the  Indian  side  was,  according  to  Potock*  a 
counselor  among  them,  700  fighting  men  slain  and  300  wounded. 
Their  chief,  Canonchet,  escaped.  The  number  of  old  men*  wo- 
men and  children  burned  in  their  wigwams,  and  that  died  from 
hunger  and  cold,  must  have  been  very  great. 

The  loss  of  this  fort  with  so  many  of  its  defenders  and  its  ample 
stock  of  provisions  was  severely  felt  by  the  Indians,  who  were  com- 
pelled to  leave  that  part  of  the  country.  After  the  battle  the  Eng- 
lish withdrew  from  the  fort,  marching  sixteen  miles  through 
snow  and  storm  to  Wickford.  Many  of  the  wounded  died  on  the 
way  and  great  hardship  was  endured  by  all. 

A  rough  granite  shaft  was  put  up  on  the  spot,  Oct.  20,  1906. 
It  rises  from  a  mound  at  the  four  comers  of  which  are  four  mas- 
sive stones  representing  the  colonies  of  Massachusetts,  Plymouth, 
Rhode  Island  and  Connecticut. 

The  following  inscription  cut  in  slate  rests  upon  the  top  of  the 
mound: 

"Attacked 
Within  their  fort  upon  this 

Island 

The  Narragansett  Indians 

Made  their  last  stand 

in  King  Philip's  War 

and  were  crushed  by  the  united 

forces  of  the  Massachusetts 

Connecticut  and  Plymouth  Colonies 

in  the 

•Great  Swamp  Fight' 

Sunday,  Dec.  19,  1676." 

^ There  is  much  discrepancy  between  different  authors  respecting  the 
number  slain  and  wounded.  The  Rev.  Increase  Mather,  whose  history  is 
dated  1676,  says:  '*Of  the  English  there  were  killed  and  wounded  about  two 
hundred  and  thirty,  whereof  only  eighty  and  6ve  persons  are  dead."  The 
London  pamphlet  (February,  1676),  gives  the  total  of  killed  and  wounded  as 
two  hundred  and  seven.  The  truth  may  lie  somewhere  between  these  state- 
ments and  that  of  Trumbull. 


KING  PHILIP'S  WAR  76 

This  record  was  placed  by  the  Rhode  Island  Society  of  Colonial 
Wars,  1906. 

Another  monument  at  the  swamp  was  erected  by  the  Rhode 
Island  Historical  Society,  Nov.  3,  1916,  inscribed  as  follows: 

"In  memory  of  Major  Samuel  Appleton  of  Ipswich, 
Mass.,  who  commanded  the  Massachusetts  forces 
and  led  the  victorious  storming  column  at  the  Great 
Swamp  Fight,  Dec.  19,  1675." 

Now  that  Philip  had  deserted  the  Mount  Hope  region  and  gone 
to  the  Nipmucks,  affairs  were  comparatively  quiet  in  Rehoboth 
and  vicinity  until  the  spring  of  1676,  when  the  terrible  battle 
occurred  known  as  "Pierce's  Fight,"  so  called  from  Captain 
Michael  Pierce,  who  commanded  the  English  and  perished  with 
his  men  in  an  ambuscade  on  the  West  bank  of  the  Blackstone, 
in  what  is  now  Central  Falls,  R.I.  Just  before  this,  many  hostile 
Indians  coming  eastward  from  the  Connecticut  River  were  carry- 
ing war  like  a  whirlwind  into  the  settlements  of  Plymouth  Colony 
and  Massachusetts  Bay.  On  February  26  they  assaulted  Wey- 
mouth and  burned  seven  or  eight  houses  and  bams.  On  March  12 
the  Indians  had  penetrated  to  the  town  of  Plymouth,  destroyed 
Clark's  garrison,  killed  its  defenders,  eleven  in  number,  and  se- 
cured its  provisions  without  loss  to  themselves.  On  March  17 
they  burned  Warwick.  Almost  daily  there  was  some  outbreak 
by  the  savages,  thirsting  for  revenge  for  the  slaughter  of  their 
wives  and  children  who  three  months  before  had  been  roasted 
alive  in  the  Narragansett  Swamp  fight.  Owing  to  the  terror  of 
the  white  settlers  at  this  time,  Captain  Michael  Pierce  of  Scituate 
was  ordered  to  make  aggressive  war  on  the  enemy.  His  com- 
pany consisted  of  fifty  English  soldiers  (one  account  says  sixty- 
three)  and  twenty  friendly  Indians,  the  latter  led  by  "Captain 
Amos,"  a  Wampanoag  from  Cape  Cod. 

Captain  Pierce  with  his  company  at  once  proceeded  to  Seekonk 
Common  in  Rehoboth  (now  East  Providence,  R.I.),  where  he 
arrived  on  Saturday,  March  25,  1676.  Hearing  that  Indians  were 
in  the  vicinity,  he  hastened  in  pursuit  and  had  a  skirmish  with 
them,  sustaining  no  loss  on  his  part  and  believing  that  he  had  con- 
siderably damaged  them.  Night  coming  on.  Captain  Pierce  with 
his  men  retired  to  the  garrison  house  on  the  Common. 

The  next  morning,  Sunday,  March  26,  obtaining  several  guides 
from  among  the  Rehoboth  men.  Captain  Pierce  again  moved  in 


76  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

pursuit  of  the  Indians.  He  had  not  proceeded  far  when,  in  an 
obscure,  woody  place,  he  discovered  a  few  rambling  Indians  who 
seemed  in  haste  to  get  away  but  limped  along  as  if  they  had  been 
seriously  wounded.  These  men  the  English  pursued  and  soon 
found  them  to  be  decoys  leading  them  into  an  ambuscade. 
Suddenly  Obtain  Pierce  found  himself  in  the  presence  of  an 
overwhelming  force  of  the  enemy.  Before  leaving  the  garrison 
in  the  morning  he  had  sent  a  messenger  to  Captain  Edmunds 
of  Providence,  asking  him  to  co-operate  in  an  attack  upon  a 
large  body  of  Indians  then  at  Pawtucket  Falls.  As  it  was 
Sunday  morning  the  messenger  delayed  giving  his  message  until 
after  the  morning  service,  when  Captain  Edmunds  chided  him 
and  declared  it  was  then  too  late,  as  it  proved.  It  is  doubt- 
ful if  any  reinforcements  could  have  saved  Captain  Pierce  and 
his  men  after  they  had  crossed  the  river,  as  the  Indians  had 
every  advantage.  He  found  himself  outgeneraled  and  outnum- 
bered. At  one  point  the  500  Indians  surrounding  him  seemed 
to  give  ground,  but  when  400  more  came  up,  they  outnumbered 
his  men  five  or  six  to  one.  The  English,  forming  a  circle,  made 
a  brave  resistance  for  about  two  hours,  during  which  time  Cap- 
tain Pierce,  his  Lieutenant,  Samuel  Fuller,  and,  according  to  New- 
man, fifty-two  English  soldiers  were  slain  besides  eleven  friendly 
Indians.  On  the  side  of  the  enemy  more  than  a  hundred  were 
killed.  Rev.  Noah  Newman,  in  a  letter  to  Rev.  John  Cotton  of 
Plymouth,  dated  the  day  after  the  battle,  after  giving  the  number 
killed  as  above,  goes  on  to  state  their  names  as  follows: 

From  Scituaie^  15  Slain, 

Capt.  Pierce,  Samuel  Russell,  Benjamin  Chittenden, 

John  Lothrope,  Gershom  Dodson,  Samuel  Pratt, 

Thomas  Savery,  Joseph  Wade,  William  Wilcome, 

Jeremiah  Barstow,  John  Ensign,  Joseph  Cowen, 

Joseph  Perry,  John  Rowse,  ? 

Marshfield,  9  Slain. 

Thomas  Little,           John  Earns,  Joseph  White, 

John  Burrows,            Joseph  Phillips,  Samuel  Bump, 

John  Low,  More ?  John  Brance. 

Duzbury,  4  Slain, 

John  Sprague,  Benjamin  Soal,  Thomas  Hunt, 

Joshua  Fobes. 


KING  PHILIP'S  WAR  77 

Sandwich^  5  Slain. 

Benjamin  Nye,  Daniel  Bessey,  Caleb  Blake, 

John  Gibbs,  Stephen  Wing. 

BamstabUt  6  Slain. 

Lieut.  Fuller,  John  Lewis,  Eleazer  Clapp» 

Samuel  Linnet,  Samuel  Childs,  Samuel  Bereman. 

YamunUh,  5  Slain. 

John  Mathews,  John  Gage,  William  Gage, 

Henry  Gage,  Henry  Gold. 

Easthanit  3  Slain. 
Joseph  Nessefield,      John  Walker,  John  M . 


{Rehoboth?)  2  Slain. 
John  Fitz,  Jr.  John  Miller,  Jr. 

The  paper  is  much  worn  and  mutilated,  so  that  the  names  of 
several  are  lost.  It  is  said  that  Miller  and  Fitz  (or  Fitch)  were  of 
Rehoboth,  and  probably  others. 

In  a  chart  of  the  descendants  of  John  Read  of  Rehoboth,  pub- 
lished by  Orin  Read  of  Providence  in  1859,  it  is  stated  that  John 
Read's  second  son,  John  Read,  Jr.,  was  one  of  the  Rehoboth 
soldiers  killed  in  this  fight. 

A  tablet  at  Central  Falls,  R.I.,  marks  the  place  of  this  fierce 
battle  and  is  inscribed  as  follows: — 

"Near  this  spot 

Capt.  M.  Pierce 

And  his  Company  of 

Plymouth  Colonists 

Ambuscaded  and  outnumbered  were 

Almost  annihilated 

by  the  Indians 

March  26,  1676. 

Erected  by  the 

State  of  Rhode  Island 

1907." 

There  is  a  tradition  that  on  the  same  day  with  Pierce's  Fight* 
nine  men  became  detached  from  a  company,  or  possibly  were 
hastening  to  the  relief  of  Captain  Pierce,  when  they  were  am- 
bushed by  a  great  body  of  Indians,  and  all  slain  and  left  unburied 
at  a  place  known  as  ''Camp  Swamp"  or  ''Nine  Men's  Misery." 


78  HISTOBY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Their  bodies  were  found  and  buried  by  friends  in  one  grave.  The 
spot  b  in  Cumberland,  R.I.»  a  sh<Mrt  distance  above  Lonsdale, 
and  is  marked  by  a  rude  pile  of  stones.  It  is  within  the  woodlands 
belonging  to  the  Cistercian  Monastery,  half  a  mile  away. 

In  the  vital  record  of  Rehoboth  are  the  names  of  four  men  who 
were  slain  on  March  26,  1676,  the  date  of  Pierce's  Fight.  Two  of 
these  were  John  Fitch,  Jr.,  and  John  Miller,  Jr.  The  other  two, 
not  mentioned  in  Pastor  Newman's  letter,  were  Benjamin  Bucklin 
(old  spelling  Buckland)  and  John  Read,  Jr. 

This  was  |)erhaps  the  worst  defeat  the  English  sustained  during 
the  war.  It  is  probable  that  Canonchet,  the  great  Narragansett 
sachem,  directed  the  campaign  in  person,  and  was  assisted  by 
the  ablest  warriors  picked  from  all  the  tribes.  It  was  a  signal 
victory  for  the  Indians  and  confirmed  Canonchet  as  the  ablest 
military  leader  of  his  race;  King  Philip  being  rather  a  statesman 
and  diplomat  than  a  soldier.  Elated  by  victory,  Canonchet  may 
well  have  dreamed  of  re-establishing  his  people  in  the  land;  but 
treachery,  that  bane  of  the  Indian  chieftains,  was  lurking  near, 
and  the  hero's  doom  was  sealed. 

On  March  28,  two  days  after  this  battle,  a  party  of  the  Indians 
crossing  the  river  made  a  furious  attack  on  Rehoboth,  burning 
some  forty  houses  and  thirty  bams.  These  houses  were  around 
the  '*Ring  of  the  town."  The  garrison  house  was  spared  and  an- 
other house  at  the  south  end  of  the  Common  which  had  black  sticks 
set  up  around  it  to  look  like  sentinek.  Tradition  says  that  the 
fires  were  kindled  early  in  the  evening,  so  that  when  the  sun  arose 
the  next  morning  it  beheld  a  circle  of  smoking  ruins.  One  person 
was  slain  at  this  time,  Robert  Beers,  an  Irish  brick-maker,  who 
refused  to  leave  his  own  house  for  the  garrison  house,  thinking 
the  Bible  he  held  in  his  hand  would  protect  him;  but  he  was  shot 
through  the  window  and  fell  dead.^ 

On  the  29th  the  savages  appeared  at  Providence  and  burned 

'There  is  a  tradition  that  a  certain  chair  which  for  many  generations  be- 
longed to  the  Abell  family  of  East  Providence  was  wont  to  be  sat  in  by  King 
Philip  on  his  visits  to  the  family,  and  came  to  be  known  as  "King  Philip's 
Chair.**  At  the  burning  of  the  town  this  chair  was  brought  out  and  occupied 
by  the  chief  (said  to  have  been  Philip).  On  leaving  the  house  an  Indian  threw 
a  fire-brand  into  the  chair,  which  consumed  the  bottom  and  the  four  rounds 
to  which  it  was  attached,  and  scorched  the  legs,  which  still  show  marks  of 
6re.  Afterwards  four  rough  rounds  were  hewn  out  and  put  in  place  of  those 
burned.  This  chair,  which  is  a  large,  heavy  armchoir,  is  now  in  possession 
of  Hcv.  L.  S.  Woodworth,  who  was  for  a  number  of  years  pastor  of  the  New- 
man Church  at  East  Providence. 


KING  PHILIP'S  WAR  79 

some  thirty  houses  there.  After  that  they  broke  up  into  small 
prowling  bands,  which  scouted  upon  the  borders  of  the  outlying 
towns,  making  an  assault  here  and  there  as  opportunity  seemed  to 
offer;  April  9  at  Billerica;  April  19  at  Andover,  where  they  killed 
Joseph  Abbot  and  captured  his  younger  brother  Timothy,  burned 
the  house  of  Mr.  Faulkner  and  wounded  Roger  Marks;  while 
another  band  the  same  day  burned  the  deserted  houses  at  Marl- 
borough; and  still  another  party  appeared  at  Hingham  and  Wey- 
mouth, where  they  killed  two  men,  one  at  each  place. 

The  wily  savages  skulked  from  one  place  to  another  or  hid 
themselves  in  the  deep  woods  by  day,  to  steal  out  of  their  lairs 
at  dusk  and  swoop  down  upon  their  victims  like  a  noiseless  scourge; 
then,  by  the  flare  of  a  burning  cabin,  to  fade  away  as  they  came, 
into  the  silence  of  the  darkness.  "It  was  a  short  shrift;  —  a  few 
musket  shots  or  crashing  blows  of  a  tomahawk,  the  kindling  of  a 
(ire,  and  the  morning  sun  betrayed  a  heap  of  smoking  embers  and 
the  stark  victims  of  a  warfare  against  which  no  human  foresight 
could  prevail;  only  the  stout  garrison-house  or  the  sentineled  fort 
afforded  safety,  and  even  that  was  preserved  only  by  a  sleepless 
vigilance  or  an  indomitable  courage." 

On  April  9,  1676,  Canonchet  was  found  on  the  Blackstone 
River  near  the  village  of  Pawtucket.     (Bodge,  p.  383.) 

Capt.  George  Dennison  of  Stonington,  Conn.,  and  Capt.  Avery 
of  New  London,  having  raised  forty-seven  English  with  eighty 
Indians,  marched  to  Pawtucket  in  search  of  Canonchet.  They 
captured  one  of  his  guards,  with  two  women,  one  of  whom  confessed 
that  Canonchet  was  near  by  with  only  a  small  guard.  When  he 
found  that  the  enemy  were  close  upon  him  he  seized  his  gun  and 
sought  to  escape  with  a  party  of  scouts  at  his  heels.  In  crossing 
a  small  stream  his  foot  slipped  on  a  stone  and  he  fell,  wetting  his 
gun.  He  was  captured  by  Monopoid,  a  Pequod  Indian,  who  rec- 
ognized him  because  in  his  flight  he  was  obliged  to  cast  off  his 
blanket,  and  then  his  lace  coat,  which  he  had  of  late  received  from 
tlie  English,  and  then  his  belt  of  wampum.  But  though  helpless 
and  a  captive  he  was  still  the  proud  and  unconquered  chief,  and 
when  young  Robert  Stanton,  an  interpreter,  came  up  and  ven- 
tured to  question  him,  this  dignified  sachem  turned  away  saying, 
"You  much  child,  no  understand  matters  of  war,  let  your  older 
brother  or  your  chief  come,  him  I  will  answer."  When  told  that 
he  might  save  his  life  by  commanding  his  people  to  yield  to  the 


80  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

English,  his  resolution  was  not  to  be  shaken  by  any  threats  or 
bribes.  And  when  he  was  told  of  his  sentence  of  death,  he  replied 
that  he  "liked  it  well,  that  he  should  die  before  his  heart  was  soft 
or  he  had  spoken  anything  unworthy  of  himself/'  He  was  taken 
to  Stonington  and  there  shot  by  Oneco,  son  of  Uncas,  his  life-long 
enemy,  and  two  sachems  of  the  Pequods,  of  equal  rank. 

Reverend  John  Cotton  of  Plymouth,  in  a  letter  dated  April 
19,  1676,  mentions  the  death  of  this  chief  sachem  as  follows: 
"On  Lord's  day  April  9,  some  Connecticut  forces,  Capt.  George 
Denison  being  chiefe,  tooke  and  killed  forty-two  Indians  of  which 
Quanonshet  was  one  who  was  taken  in  that  coat  he  received  from 
Boston.  His  head  is  sent  to  Hartford,  his  body  is  burnt."  "There 
is  no  nobler  figure  in  all  the  annals  of  the  American  Indians," 
says  Bodge,  "than  Canonchet,  son  of  Miantonomoh,  sachem  of 
the  Narragansetts.  As  he  had  become  the  real  head  and  life  of 
the  Indians  at  war,  so  his  capture  was  the  death-blow  to  their 
hopes." 

The  next  notice  we  have  of  the  Indians,  relative  to  Rehoboth, 
is  that  "In  the  road  (from  Wrentham)  to  Rehoboth  they  assaulted 
one  Woodcock's  house;  killed  one  man  and  one  of  his  sons;  wounded 
another  and  burned  his  son's  house."  The  name  of  the  son  slain 
was  Nathaniel  (May,  1676).  He  was  buried  in  the  yard  where  he 
fell,  which  ever  since  has  been  reserved  for  a  burying-ground. 
Woodcock  was  a  man  of  resolute  and  determined  character,  who 
swore  never  to  make  peace  with  the  Indians,  but  ever  after  hunted 
them  like  wild  beasts.    (See  Daggett's  IlisL  of  AUleborougK  p.  47.) 

In  the  Rehoboth  record  of  dcatlis  and  burials  we  read:  "Nehe- 
miah  Sabin,  slain  and  buried  in  June,  1676." 

Weetamoo  had  for  a  time  found  an  asylum  among  the  Narra- 
gansetts, but  when  their  power  was  broken  she  bad  come  back  to 
the  vicinity  of  Pocasset  among  familiar  scenes,  but  only  to  be  be- 
trayed by  one  of  her  own  people.  About  the  7th  of  August  a 
small  party  of  English  went  out  from  Taunton  River  and  captured 
twenty-six  of  her  Indians,  but  she  herself,  attempting  to  escape 
across  the  river  on  a  small  raft,  was  drowned,  and  her  body  being 
found  a  few  days  later,  her  head  was  severed,  and  being  placed 
on  a  pole  was  paraded  in  the  streets  of  Taunton.  Hubbard  re- 
marks that  when  this  was  known  by  some  Indian  prisoners  there, 
it  "set  them  into  a  horrible  lamentation." 

August  12,  1676,  was  a  memorable  day  in  King  Philip's  War. 


KING  PHILIP'S  WAR  81 

The  brave  king  of  the  Wampanoags  liad  been  deprived  of  wife, 
child,  kindred,  and  nearly  all  his  followers  and  friends;  it  only 
remained  for  him  to  pay  the  last  full  measure  of  devotion  to  the 
cause  dearer  to  him  than  life.  He  was  now  being  hunted  down  by 
the  English  and  Indians  on  every  side,  and  had  retired  with  a  few 
of  his  staunch  friends  to  his  old  retreat  in  a  swamp  at  Mount  Hope. 
Benjamin  Church  was  then  in  command  of  a  scouting  company 
of  English  and  Indians  from  Plymouth.  Leaving  most  of  his 
company  at  Pocasset,  he  passed  over  to  Rhode  Island  and  was 
joined  by  Captains  Roger  Golding  and  Peleg  Sanford  of  Rhode 
Island,  and  Captain  John  Williams  of  Scituate.  The  Indians 
with  Captain  Church  were  mostly  of  the  Sakonnet  tribe,  whose 
queen  was  Awashonks  of  Little  Compton. 

A  deserter  from  Philip  betrayed  the  place  of  his  concealment  to 
which  he  guided  the  English,  reaching  the  swamp  about  mid- 
night. Church  arranged  an  ambuscade  for  cutting  off  the  enemy's 
retreat  and  sent  Capt.  Golding  to  "beat  the  cover."  His  men 
crept  on  all  fours  towards  the  camp  of  the  savages  until  one  of 
Philip's  sentinels  was  seen  and  fired  upon,  when  the  sleeping 
Indians  were  aroused,  and  Philip,  half-dressed,  led  his  men  to  the 
open  side  of  the  swamp,  coming  face  to  face  with  two  of  Capt. 
Church's  men.  An  English  musket  missed  fire;  that  of  the  Sa- 
konnet ally  beside  him  sent  its  bullet  into  the  heart  of  the  great 
chieftain,  and  he  fell  face  foremost  into  the  mud  and  water  of  the 
swamp.  The  name  of  the  savage  who  killed  him  was  Alderman, 
who  is  said  to  have  been  the  same  who  betrayed  his  hiding-place. 

It  was  under  these  circumstances  that  the  aged  sub-chief,  the 
ever  faithful  Annawan,  first  came  to  the  notice  of  Captain  Church, 
his  attention  being  attracted  to  the  veteran  warrior  by  his  brave 
efforts  to  conduct  an  orderly  retreat,  and  "lootash!  lootash!" 
loudly  repeated  by  the  aged  chief  caused  Captain  Church  to  ask 
his  Indian  ally,  Peter,  who  that  was  that  called  so,  who  answered, 
'*It  was  old  Annawan,  Philip's  great  Captain,  calling  on  his  sol- 
diers to  stand  to  it  and  fight  stoutly."  So  ably  did  the  old  chief 
bring  off  his  men  through  a  part  of  the  swamp  Church  had  left  un- 
guarded, that  nearly  all  were  enabled  to  escape. 

Instead  of  leaving  Philip's  body  where  it  fell,   the  English 

dragged  it  out  roughly  to  a  dry  spot  and  there  offered  to  the 

dead  sachem  indignities  unworthy  of  Christian  men.  By  order  of 

Captain  Church  he  was  chopped  in  quarters,  beheaded  and  left 

6 


82  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

unburied.  His  head  and  one  hand  were  given  to  Alderman  as 
a  reward,  and»  according  to  Church»  he  "got  many  a  penny'*  by 
showing  the  hand.  The  head  was  stuck  on  a  pole  at  Plymouth, 
to  be  an  object  of  derision  for  numy  years. 

When  one  reflects  on  deeds  like  these,  recalling  that  the  royal 
sachem's  noble  wife  Wootonekanuske,  sister  of  the  princess  Wee- 
tamoo,  his  brother's  wife,  with  his  boy  of  tender  age,  were  sold 
as  slaves  to  hard  masters  in  far  oflF  Bermuda,  he  is  at  least  reminded 
of  Sylvester's  thrust  (Vol.  2,  p.  337),  that  'The  English  butchers 
and  slave-dealers  of  the  United  Colonies  proved  themselves  no 
whit  better  than  the  poor,  untutored  savages  they  plotted  so  suc- 
cessfully to  annihilate." 

Thus  fell  the  great  sachem  of  Mount  Hope,  the  most  illustrious 
of  his  race  in  North  America,  and  the  most  powerful  enemy  ever 
encountered  by  the  English  settlers,  who  but  for  Indian  deserters 
to  guide  them  into  his  carefully  concealed  haunts  and  turn  against 
him  his  own  savage  tactics,  would  without  doubt  have  extermi- 
nated the  whole  English  race  in  New  England.  He  was  a  man  of 
superior  talents,  a  great  organizer  and  a  mighty  king  of  men, 
in  whom  rested  the  confidence  and  hope  of  the  federated  tribes. 
The  early  .writers  of  his  character  were  enemies  whose  intense 
prejudice  led  to  a  false  coloring  of  motives  and  actions.  As  the 
trusted  head  of  a  nation,  how  could  he  submit  to  annihilation  with- 
out a  struggle?  It  is  high  time  that  his  vast  achievements  received 
their  due  meed  of  praise. 

This  sanguinary  war  had  cost  the  Colonies  heavily  in  men  and 
property.  The  record  reads:  tliirteen  towns  destroyed,  six  hun- 
dred dwelling-houses  burnt,  and  six  hundred  men  slain  in  the 
flower  of  their  strength,  so  that  almost  every  family  in  New  Eng- 
land was  called  upon  to  mourn  the  loss  of  a  relative  or  friend. 

The  small  remnant  now  left  of  Philip's  forces  was  commanded 
by  Annawan,  who  had  narrowly  escaped  with  fifty  or  sixty  men 
from  the  swamp  where  Philip  was  killed.  After  skulking  about 
from  place  to  place  for  the  next  two  weeks,  he  was  captured  by 
Captain  Benjamin  Church  and  bis  party,  Aug.  28,  1676,  at  a  place 
since  known  as  Annawan 's  Rock  in  the  easterly  part  of  Rehoboth, 
at  the  northern  end  of  Squannakonk  Swamp.  This  rock  is  on 
the  Bay  State  Electric  |line  running  from  Taunton  to  Providence, 
and  about  one  and  one-half  miles  east  of  the  Annawan  Grange  and 
Tavern.     A  sign  by  the  way-side  now  indicates  the  spot.     The 


ANNAWAN    rilH'K 


WALTER  RLISS  KROST 


KING  PHILIP'S  WAR  83 

rock  is  of  conglomerate  structure,  running  north-east  and  south- 
west about  eighty  feet,  and  from  fifteen  to  twenty-five  feet  in 
height,  of  easy  ascent  on  the  west  side,  but  on  the  southeast  side 
broken  somewhat  precipitously  with  a  fall  of  some  six  or  eight  feet. 
The  difficulty  of  descent  is  often  exaggerated,  for  one  can  easily 
get  down  by  taking  hold  of  the  bushes  or  the  edge  of  the  rock. 
The  retreat  was  ideal,  being  close  to  the  swamp  and  on  the  steep 
side  of  the  rock,  with  small  trees  growing  about  the  base,  but  with 
space  for  mats  to  be  spread  for  a  resting-place.  It  would  hardly 
have  been  discovered  by  pursuers,  unless  piloted  by  Indian  deser- 
ters or  prisoners.  Captain  Church  had  set  out  from  Plymouth  in 
company  with  his  lieutenant,  Captain  Jabez  Howland,  to  round  up 
this  roving  band  of  Indians.  Crossing  over  from  Pocasset,  he 
scouted  northward  with  his  few  Indians  through  Mount  Hope  and 
Poppasquash  Neck.  Having  separated  from  Lieutenant  Howland, 
he  soon  captured  one  of  Annawan's  Indians  and  a  girl  who  consen- 
ted to  lead  them  to  his  retreat  at  the  swamp.  On  reaching  the 
summit  of  the  rock  at  eventide.  Church  saw  the  object  of  his  pur- 
suit by  the  light  of  their  fires.  They  were  divided  into  three 
parties,  resting  at  a  short  distance  from  each  other,  their  guns 
leaning  against  a  cross-stick  and  covered  from  the  weather  by 
mats.  Over  their  fires  the  women  were  cooking  their  supper. 
He  saw  that  Annawan  had  formed  his  camp  by  felling  a  tree 
against  the  clef  ted  rock  and  setting  a  row  of  bushes  up  against  it, 
making  a  sort  of  arbor  where  he,  his  son,  and  some  of  his  chiefs 
had  taken  their  lodging.  Church,  trusting  to  divine  Providence 
and  his  Indian  guides,  resolved  to  descend  among  them.  Hearing 
the  noise  of  pounding  com  in  a  mortar  in  the  camp,  he  thought 
it  might  favor  his  movements.  Ordering  his  Indian  prisoner, 
whom  he  calls  "the  old  man,"  and  his  daughter,  who  knew  the 
place  well,  to  lead  the  way  with  their  baskets  at  their  backs  as 
they  had  often  done  before,  he  and  his  men,  a  Mr.  Cook  of  Ply- 
mouth and  six  Indians,  followed  in  their  rear.  As  Church  suddenly 
leaped  from  the  rock  with  his  tomahawk  in  his  hand,  old  Captain 
Annawan  started  up  with  the  cry,  "Howah,  I  am  taken!"  Im- 
mediately securing  their  guns,  Church  called  on  them  all  to  sub- 
mit and  promised  them  good  treatment.  They,  supposing  them- 
selves to  be  surrounded,  readily  yielded  and  became  his  prisoners. 
"What  have  you  for  supper?"  he  asked  Annawan.  *T  am  come  to 
sup  with  you."    He  replied,  "Taubut,"  and  ordered  his  women  to 


84  HISTORY  OF  REIIOBOTH 

prepare  supper  for  his  visitors,  and  inquired  whether  he  would  have 
horse-beef  or  cow-beef.  He  replied  "cow-beef."  While  his  men 
slept.  Church,  although  greatly  needing  sleep  himself,  kept  vigil 
with  old  Annawan.  After  a  long  conversation  Annawan  arose  and 
walked  a  little  way  back  from  the  company,  and  Captain  Church 
began  to  suspect  some  ill  design;  but  he  at  length  returned  with 
something  in  his  hands  and  falling  upon  his  knees  before  Captain 
Chiut^h  he  addressed  him  thus:  "Great  Captain,  you  have  killed 
Philip  and  conquered  his  country,  for  I  believe  that  I  and  my  com* 
pany  are  the  last  that  war  against  the  English,  so  suppose  the 
war  is  ended  by  your  means,  and  therefore  these  things  belong  to 
you."  He  then  presented  him  with  what  he  said  was  Philip's 
royalties,  with  which  he  was  wont  to  adorn  himself  when  he  sat 
in  state.  The  first  was  a  beautifully  wrought  belt  nine  inches  in 
breadth,  and  of  such  length  that  when  put  upon  the  shoulders 
of  Captain  Church  it  reached  to  his  ankles.  This  was  considered 
at  that  time  of  great  value,  being  embroidered  all  over  with  wam- 
pum of  various  colors,  curiously  wrought  into  figures  of  birds, 
beasts  and  flowers.  The  second  belt  was  also  of  exquisite  work- 
manship, with  which  Philip  used  to  ornament  his  head,  and  from 
which  flowed  two  flags  which  decorated  his  back.  A  third  belt 
was  a  smaller  one,  with  a  star  upon  the  end  of  it,  which  he  wore 
upon  his  breast.  All  these  were  edged  with  red  hair,  which  Anna- 
wan said  was  got  in  the  country  of  the  Mohawks.  To  these  splen- 
did regalia  were  added  two  horns  of  glazed  powder  and  a  red 
cloth  blanket. 

The  next  morning  Church  met  his  lieutenant  coming  from  Taun- 
ton and  sent  most  of  his  company  and  his  prisoners  by  him  to 
Plymouth,  while  he  himself  took  Annawan  and  half  a  dozen  of 
his  Indian  soldiers  and  went  to  Rhode  Island;  but  within  a  few 
days  all  were  together  at  Plymouth.  The  capture  of  Annawan 
was  practically  the  end  of  the  war,  although  hostilities  continued 
for  some  time  after,  especially  in  parts  of  Maine  and  New  Hamp- 
shire. In  this  exploit.  Captain  Church  undoubtedly  rendered  the 
government  a  great  service,  and  we  gladly  accord  him  the  honor 
he  deserves;  but  as  the  physical  difficulty  of  reaching  Annawan 
at  the  rock  has  been  exaggerated,  so  has  the  chivalry  of  his  cap- 
ture. In  view  of  all  known  facts  the  enterprise  takes  on  a  slightly 
commercial  tinge.  The  Government  allowed  thirty  shillings  a 
head  for  every  Indian  slain  or  captured,  and  Thomas  Church,  the 


KING  PHILIP'S  WAR  86 

captain's  son  and  amanuensis,  thus  complains:  "Methinks  it 
was  a  scanty  reward  and  poor  encouragement/'  and  he  adds: 
"For  this  march  they  received  four  shilHngs  and  sixpence  a  man, 
which  was  all  the  reward  they  had,  except  the  honor  of  kiUing 
PhiHp."  And  moreover,  Annawan  knew  that  he  had  reached  the 
end  of  his  rope,  having  but  a  small  supply  of  arms  and  ammunition, 
destitute  of  provisions,  his  numbers  growing  daily  less  by  capture 
and  desertions,  and  with  no  hope  of  ultimate  escape.  Thus  con- 
ditioned, the  old  valor  was  lacking;  there  was  no  spirit  of  resis- 
tance, and  not  a  gun  was  fired  nor  a  tomahawk  raised.  It  was  the 
surrender  of  a  spent  force. 

Captain  Church  had  promised  to  intercede  for  his  distinguished 
captive,  but  in  spite  of  his  entreaties  the  brave  old  chief,  who  had 
been  captain  under  three  great  sachems,  was  ignominiously  ex- 
ecuted by  the  English  at  Plymouth:  ''a  dastardly  act,  "says  Bay- 
lies, "which  disgraced  the  Government." 

Another  Wampanoag  chief  was  Tuspaquin,  sachem  of  Assa- 
wamset,  also  called  "the  Black  Sachem,"  who  married  Amie, 
daughter  of  Massassoit.  He  was  induced  to  come  in  and  surren- 
der by  the  solemn  promise  of  Mr.  Church  that  his  life  should  be 
spared  and  that  he  would  perhaps  make  him  a  captain,  and  hav- 
ing given  himself  up  he  was  immediately  beheaded.  Thus  was 
the  pledge  of  the  Government  to  him  shamefully  and  ruthlessly 
violated.  "When  Captain  Church,"  says  his  historian,  "returned 
from  Boston,  he  found  to  his  great  grief  the  heads  of  Annawan, 
Tuspaquin,  etc.,  cut  off,  which  were  the  last  of  Philip's  friends." 

After  this  time  a  few  Indians  lurking  around  Seekonk  and 
Rehoboth  were  all  that  were  heard  of  in  Plymouth  Colony.  These 
killed  some  swine  and  horses,  probably  for  food;  but  they  were 
readily  overcome  by  the  friendly  Indians  without  any  loss  of 
life  on  the  part  of  the  English. 

A  pathos  too  deep  for  words  attends  the  extinction  of  the  In- 
dian tribes  of  New  England.  Once  they  were  the  masters  and 
owners  of  these  fair  lands,  the  gift  to  them,  as  they  believed,  of 
the  Great  Spirit,  containing  their  homes  and  the  scpulchers  of 
their  fathers.  As  independent  nations  and  lovers  of  freedom 
they  roamed  these  virgin  forests,  adorned  with  lakes  and  rivers 
and  lofty  hills,  never  dreaming  that  cruel  white  men  would  come 
and  in  the  name  of  civilization  rob  them  of  their  precious  heritage. 
But  they  were  conquered,  and  the  remnant  of  their  posterity 


86 


HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 


driven  far  westward;  and  now»  although  nearly  250  years  have 
passed^  the  problem  of  their  racial  destmy  is  still  unsolved. 

The  names  of  the  Rehoboth  soldiers  who  [served  [in  Philip's 
war  have  been  preserved*  and  are  as  follows: 
Those  engaged  in  the  Narra-      Those  who  served  under  Major 


gansett expedition  were: 

John  Pitch, 
Jonathan  Wilmarth» 
Jasiel  Perry» 
Thomas  Kendrick, 
Jonathan  Sabin» 
John  Carpenter, 
John  Redeway, 
John  Martin, 
John  Hall, 
John  Miller,  Jun. 
John  Ide, 
Joseph  Doggett, 
Sampson  Mason,  Jun. 
Isaac  Pierce, 
William  Hoskins, 


Bradford  were: 

Preserved  Abell, 
Samuel  Peny» 
Stephen  Paine,  Jun. 
Samuel  Miller, 
Silas  T.  Alin, 
Samuel  Palmer, 
James  Redeway, 
Enoch  Hunt, 
Samuel  Walker, 
Nicholas  Ide, 
Noah  Mason, 
Samuel  Sabin, 
Thomas  Read, 
Israel  Read, 
George  Robinson, 
Nathaniel  Wilmarth. 


The  following  catalogue  gives  the  names  of  those  who,  at  one 
period  of  the  war,  made  advances  of  money,  together  with  the 
sums  they  advanced.  It  shows  that  many  of  those  who  served 
as  private  soldiers  in  the  war  abo  advanced  money  to  sustain  it: 

George  Kendrick, 
Jonathan  Fuller* 
Jo.  Miller*  sen. 
Joseph  Buckland, 
Wid.  Abraham  Perem, 
Rice  Leonard, 
James  Gilson. 
An.  Perry, 
George  Robinson, 
John  Perem, 
William  Carpenter, 
John  Titus,  sen. 
Samuel  Carpenter, 
Widow  Sabin, 
John  Ormsby, 
Josiah  Palmer, 
John  Butterworth,  jun. 
Thomas  Read, 
Stephen  Paine,  jun. 
Joseph  Sabin, 
Gilbert  Brooks, 
David  Smith, 
James  Redeway,  sen. 


£11  13«. 

Id. 

Preserved  Abell, 

£7 

15« 

.Id 

1  18 

8 

WUliam  Buckland, 

2 

9 

0 

6    5 

4 

Benjamin  Buckland,  with 

4 

3 

10 

6    3 

0 

the  loss  of  a  gun. 

14     2 

0 

Samuel  Peck, 

9 

2 

8 

2    0 

6 

John  Pitch,  with  the  ) 
loss  of  a  gun,             i 
Thomas  Wulmarth,  sen. 

13 

/• 

A 

4  18 

2 

6 

4 

14  00 

2 

6 

12 

3 

4  12 

0 

Francis  Stephens, 

1 

10 

6 

1  13 

10 

Joseph  Peck, 

2 

10 

0 

8  17 

3 

David  Beers, 

17 

8 

5    6 

3 

John  Savage, 
Richard  Martin, 

2 

6 

8 

11  19 

5 

1 

5 

4 

1     7 

6 

Thomas  Grant, 

9 

0 

2  15 

0 

Deacon  Nathaniel  Cooper,  8 

0 

0 

1  10 

10 

Robert  Miller, 

5 

17 

6 

3  11 

5 

Wid.  Mason, 

13 

5 

10 

8  14 

4 

Wid.  Rachael  Read,    ) 
with  a  gun  lost,        ) 

4 

3 

0 

10  11 

5 

1  17 

0 

John  Kingsley, 

2 

4 

0 

3  14 

10 

Moses  Reade, 

4 

1 

10 

4  17 

5 

John  Reade,  sen. 

13 

18 

11 

5  14 

4 

WiUiam  Sabin. 

15 

5 

8 

KING  PHILIP'S  WAR 


87 


Nathaniel  Paine. 

£100 

Of 

.Od. 

Noah  Mason. 

15« 

.Od. 

Samuel  lleade. 

17 

10 

John  Jonson. 

16 

6 

Thomas  Willmarth. 

jun. 

7 

4 

Jeremiah  Wheaton, 

3 

0 

John  Willmarth, 

1 

2 

4 

Obadiah  Bowen, 

2  17 

8 

Joseph  Chaffee, 

1 

8 

8 

Nathaniel  Foulsom. 

5 

6 

Samuel  Bullock, 

12 

3 

Eben.  Amidown. 

1 

6 

John  Carpenter, 

1 

18 

6 

John  Crossman. 

2 

6 

John  Titus,  jun. 

2 

7 

7 

Benjamin  Sabin. 

1     0 

6 

Nathaniel  Chaffee, 

3 

16 

6 

James  Rede  way.  jun. 

5 

0 

Robert  Fuller. 

4 

10 

3 

William  Blanding. 

7 

0 

llichard  Bowen, 

4 

4 

8 

Daniel  Smith. 

37  11 

7 

Rebecca  Hunt, 

1 

7 

10 

John  Peck. 

4  12 

6 

John  Hall, 

1 

6 

Deacon  Walker. 

26  00 

0 

Samuel  Sabin. 

4 

14 

2 

John  Allen,  jun. 

16 

9 

Eldad  Kingsley. 

9 

4 

John  Dogget. 

11     1 

3J 

Wid.  Carpenter, 
Daniel  Allen. 
Samuel  Homes. 

6 

0 

6 

Samuel  Newman. 

4  17 

10 

14 
9 

0 
0 

Total 

484    5 

5 

BIBLIOGRAPHY. 

The  London  pamphlet,  published  in  Feb.,  1676  (anonymous). 

A  Brief  History  of  the  War  urith  the  Indians  in  New  England^  by 
Increase  Mather,  D.D.     1676. 

The  History  of  the  Indian  Wars  in  New  England^  by  Rev.  William 
Hubbard,  1677.    Notes  by  S.  G.  Drake,  1865. 

The  History  of  King  Philip* s  War,  by  Benjamin  Church,  1716. 
Also  with  Notes  by  Dr.  H.  M.  Dexter,  1866. 

The  Old  Indian  Chronicle.     Introduction  and  Notes  by  Samuel 
Gardner  Drake.     Boston,  1867. 

Indian  History  and  Genealogy,  by  General  Ebenezer  W.  Pierce 
of  Freetown.     North  Abington,  Mass.,  1878. 

Soldiers  in  King  Philip's  War,  by  George  M.  Bodge.     Leomin- 
ster, Mass.     Printed  for  the  Author,  1896. 

Indian  Wars  of   New  England,  by  Herbert  Milton  Sylvester. 
3  vols.    Boston,  1910. 

This,  with  a  few  extracts  from  the  town  records,  closes  the 
history  of  all  the  events  to  be  found  in  the  annals  of  Philip's  war, 
relating  to  Rehoboth.  The  history  of  the  town  from  the  period 
of  Philip's  war  till  near  the  commencement  of  the  war  of  the 
Revolution  possesses  little  that  is  either  novel  or  interesting.  A 
few  extracts  from  the  town  records  are  nearly  all  that  we  are 
able  to  give  on  this  period. 

"June  12,  1675.  The  town  being  met,  being  lawfully  warned, 
chose  the  town  council  and  the  townsmen  to  take  care  for  the  pro- 
vision of  the  soldiers  that  are  put  to  answer  the  warrant;  and  that 
they  shall  make  a  rate  for  the  defraying  of  the  charges  both  for 


88  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 


their  soldiers  clothes  and  other  necessaries,  and  for  any  charges 
about  the  former  soldiers." 

"June  16»  1676.  The  town  engaged  a  surgeon  for  three  months, 
who  promised  to  be  helpful  to  the  town  and  do  his  best  endeavour, 
with  the  help  of  God,  to  cure  any  of  our  towne  that  may  be  woun- 
ded by  the  enemy";  and  tlie  town  was  to  pay  him  ''three  pounds 
in  money,  for  to  procure  instruments,  and  medicines  for  healing, 
and  also  an  accommodation  of  a  suitable  place,  and  his  diet  and 
twenty  shillings  a  month." 

'Tebruary  2, 1676-7.  It  was  agreed  upon  by  the  town,  that  the 
county  rate  should  be  made  as  much  as  the  town  hath  been  out 
of  charges  relating  to  the  late  war,  and  that  the  soldiers*  wages  be 
put  into  it." 

''November  13,  1677.  It  was  voted  that  Lieutenant  Hunt 
and  Ensign  Nicholas  Pecke  should  assist  the  Deacons  to  go  from 
house  to  house  to  make  inquiry,  what  persons  have  or  will  do,  for 
thb  present  year,  for  the  mamtenance  of  our  Reverent  Pastor; 
to  see  whether  it  will  amount  to  fifty  pounds;  and  also  to  take 
care  that  it  may  be  effectually  paid  in  season." 

At  the  same  meeting  it  was  voted  also  "that  Daniel  Smith 
should  write  to  the  young  gentleman  at  Dorchester,  to  signify 
to  him,  that  it  was  the  town's  desire  that  he  would  be  pleased 
to  come  up  and  teach  a  school  according  to  those  former  invita- 
tions that  our  Reverend  Pastor  made  to  him." 

"It  was  also  voted,  that  an  invitation  might  be  given  to  Mr. 
Man  for  to  be  helpful  in  the  work  of  the  ministry  for  this  winter, 
and  that  the  townsmen  should  take  care  for  to  endeavour  to  aflPect 
it;  and  if  Mr.  Man  cannot  be  obtained,  then  the  townsmen  shall 
endeavour  to  obtain  any  other  suitable  person  for  the  work  of 
the  ministry  this  season." 

April  12,  1678.  "The  town  manifested  their  earnest  desire 
that  Mr.  Angier  might  be  treated  with  by  the  townsmen,  and 
encouraged  to  tarry  with  us  untill  we  see  how  the  Lord  will  deal 
with  our  Reverend  Pastor;  the  town  desiring,  that,  if  it  might 
be,  that  some  hold  may  be  taken  of  him  with  speed,  that  we  might 
not  be  left  destitute:  the  town  manifesting  their  approbation  of 
him  and  his  labors  in  the  work  of  the  ministry." 

The  town  also  voted,  that  Deacon  Walker,  John  Woodcock, 
Anthony  Perry,  and  Samuel  Peck  should  be  added  to  "the  com- 
mittee for  finishing  the  meeting  house." 

April  16,  1678,  the  Reverend  Noah  Newman,  the  second  min- 
ister of  Rehoboth,  died,  having  filled  the  sacred  office  from  the 
year  1668  till  the  commencement  of  the  illness  which  terminated 


ANNALS  AND  RECORDS  89 

in  his  death.  The  little  that  can  now  be  collected  concerning 
him  has  been  given.  A  letter  written  by  him  to  Mr.  Cotton  of 
Plymouth,  on  the  day  after  "Pierce's  Fight/'  giving  an  account 
of  those  slain  in  that  battle,  was  referred  to  at  page  76,  in  the 
account  of  the  Indian  war.  He  was  interred  in  the  old  burying 
ground  near  the  Congregational  meeting-house  in  East  Providence. 

"April  29,  1678.  It  was  voted  that  Mrs.  Newman,  the  relict 
of  our  late  Reverend  Pastor,  shall  have  fifteen  pounds  for  this 
present  year,  and  a  sufficiency  of  wood  brought  to  her  gate,  if 
she  please  still  to  abide  with  us,  and  thus  to  be  paid  according 
to  present  subscription."  It  was  also  agreed  upon  that  the  towns- 
men shall  agree  with  Mrs.  Newman  in  the  town's  behalf  for  the 
diet  of  Mr.  Angier." 

"June  20,  1678.  The  town  unanimously  agreed  that  Mr. 
Angier  should  have  forty  pounds  a  year  for  his  encouragement, 
and  his  diet;  and  ten  pounds  of  the  forty  in  money,  if  God  incline 
his  heart  to  settle  amongst  us  in  the  work  of  the  ministry.  And 
this  proposal  was  made  for  the  present,  persons  manifesting 
themselves  to  be  freely  willing  for  the  future  to  augment  to  the 
aforesaid  sum,  according  to  their  ability  and  Mr.  Angier 's  neces- 
sity. And  the  townsmen  and  Deacon  Walker  were  chosen  to 
treat  with  Mr.  Angier  about  it. 

"Lieut.  Hunt  and  Ensign  Peck  were  chosen,  and  desired  to 
go  down  with  Mr.  Angier,  the  next  week,  and  to  do  as  then  is 
requisite  to  be  done  in  order  to  the  settlement  of  Mr.  Angier. 

"It  was  also  agreed  that  there  should  be  a  six-acre  lot,  in  con- 
venient time,  laid  forth  below  the  burial  place,  for  a  building  of 
a  house  for  the  ministry." 

It  appears  from  the  tenor  of  the  records,  that  Mrs.  Newman 
soon  removed  from  Rehoboth.  She  probably  removed  to  Brain- 
tree  (now  Quincy),  the  place  of  her  nativity.  August  30,  1678, 
there  is  a  vote  of  the  town  recorded,  appointing  several  persons 
as  a  committee  "to  treat  with  any  person  or  persons  that  shall 
be  employed  by  Mrs.  Newman,  concerning  her  house  and  lands." 

January  17, 1678-9,  also,  "It  was  voted,  for  the  encouragement  of 
Mr.  Samuel  Angier  to  settle  amongst  us  in  the  work  of  the  minis- 
try, if  it  please  the  Lord  to  incline  his  heart  thereunto,  to  purpose 
unto  him  to  give  him  forty  pounds  in  money,  either  to  the  pur- 
chasing of  the  house  and  lot  which  were  Mr.  Noah  Newman's, 
if  it  please  him  to  buy  it,  or  towards  the  building  of  another  house 
and  settling  himself." 

It  was  at  the  same  time  "voted  by  the  town  that  Mr.  Angier 
shall  have  the  use  and  improvement  of  all  the  lands  and  mead- 


90  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

dow8»  and  all  the  privileges  belonging  to  the  pastors  and  teach- 
ers' lot,  as  long  as  he  doth  continue  in  the  work  of  the  minbtiy 
amongst  us.  It  was  also  voted,  that  Mr.  Angier  shall  have  sev* 
enty  pounds  a  year  for  his  salary,  ten  pounds  of  it  in  money, 
and  sixty  in  country  pay;  as  it  passeth  between  man  and  man/* 

''June  25,  1679.  The  town  voted,  that  Mr.  Angier  shall  have, 
for  the  two  following  years,  seventv  pounds  for  each  year;  ten 
pounds  of  it  in  money,  and  fifteen  of  the  sixty  as  money,  and  the 
rest  of  it  as  it  passeth  between  man  and  man,  and  a  sufficiency  of 
wood  to  be  brought  to  his  house. 

"The  town  chose  Gilbert  Brooks  a  deputy  to  attend  the  Gen- 
eral Court.** 

"July  24,  1679.  The  raters  chosen  were  Mr.  Daniel  Smith, 
John  Peck,  Ensign  Nicholas  Peck,  Gilbert  Brooks,  and  William 
Carpenter.** 


"May  18,  1680.  Lieut.  Peter  Hunt  and  Ensign  Peck  chosen 
deputies."  "Lieut.  Peter  Hunt,  Ensign  Nicholas  P^dc,  and 
Gilbert  Brooks,  selectmen.**  "Mr.  Daniel  Smith,  John  Reade, 
Lieut.  Hunt,  Ensign  Peck,  Gilbert  Brooks,  John  Peck,  and  An- 
thony Perry,  townsmen. 

"The  townsmen  acquainting  the  town,  that  the^  had  a  treaty 
with  Mr.  Edward  Howard  to  teach  school,  acquamted  the  town 
with  the  said  Mr.  Howard's  terms,  viz:  twenty  pounds  a  vear  in 
country  pay,  and  his  diet,  besides  what  the  court  doth  aJlow  in 
that  case.  The  town  then  did  vote  and  agree  that  his  proposals 
were  accepted,  and  that  the  speediest  provisions  should  be  made 
for  his  maintenance;  Mr.  William  Sabm  freely  proffering  to  diet 
him  the  first  quarter  of  the  year. 

"It  was  also  agreed  upon  that  William  Blanding  should  have 
half  an  acre  of  land  upon  the  common,  to  build  a  house  upon 
the  edge  of  Rocky  Hill.  Lieut.  Hunt,  Samuel  Carpenter,  and 
John  Peck  were  chosen  to  li^  out  the  said  land,  and  set  the  ex- 
pense of  it,  and  also  to  pernx  him  a  time  when  he  shall  build; 
which  if  he  neglect,  he  shall  forfeit  the  land  to  the  town  again.** 

This  is  the  first  time  that  the  name  "Rocky  Hill"  occurs  in  the 
town  records.  This  name  is  still  given  to  a  hill  or  elevation  of 
Aome  extent,  about  a  mile  northwest  of  "Palmer's  River"  meet- 
ing house;  and  from  the  character  of  its  surface,  no  one  can  dispute 
its  title  to  the  cognomen  "rocky." 

"October  22,  1680.  Voted  that  the  burying  place  should  be 
fenced  in  with  a  stone  fence." 

December  16»  1680.  A  committee  was  chosen  by  the  town  "to 
AcU  the  meeting-house";  this  committee  consisted  of  Mr.  Daniel 


ANNALS  AND  RECORDS  91 

Smith,  Lieut.  Peter  Hunt»  Ensign  Nicholas  Peck»  Gilman  Brooks, 
and  Anthony  Perry. 


''Mav  IG,  1681.  Ensign  Nicholas  Peck  and  Gilbert  Brooks 
were  chosen  deputies  to  the  General  Court;  and  Lieut.  Peter 
Hiint»  Ensign  Nicholas  Peck,  and  Gilbert  Brooks,  selectmen. 

"The  same  day  it  was  voted  and  consented  to,  that  the  select- 
men should  endeavour  the  utmost  to  re-engage  Mr.  Howard  to 
keep  the  school  another  year." 

"September  2,  1681.  Mr.  Daniel  Smith,  Ensi^  Nicholas  Peck, 
Gilbert  Brooks,  Thomas  Cooper,  Jr.,  and  William  Carpenter, 
chosen  raters  for  the  year." 

May  17,  1682.  There  is,  of  this  date,  recorded  in  the  town  book 
a  meeting  of  the  proprietors  of  the  "North  Purchase,"  when 
William  Carpenter  was  chosen  "clerk  of  the  community"  and 
sworn. 

May  25,  1683.  "William  Carpenter  was  chosen,  and  added 
to  the  former  committee  that  was  chosen  by  the  town  to  sell  the 
meeting-house." 

December  13,  1683.  "At  a  town  meeting  the  townsmen  pre- 
sented Mr.  Taylor,  a  schoolmaster,  and  the  propositions  that  he 
and  the  townsmen  treated  upon,  viz:  that  he  should  have  for  the 
present  year  £5  in  money,  £10  as  money,  and  his  diet:  upon  which 
the  town  voted  that  he  should  be  engaged  for  the  year;  upon  which 
agreement  of  the  town  the  townsmen  met  the  jGirst  of  December, 
1683,  and  did  fully  agree  with  the  said  Mr.  Taylor  for  to  keep  school 
one  year  upon  the  terms  aforesaid." 

"May  19,  1684.    Sergeant  Jonathan  Bliss  was  chosen  by  the 
town,  and  added  to  the  committee  to  sell  the  meeting-house. 
"Lieut.  Nicholas  Peck  and  Gilbert  Brooks  chosen  deputies." 

At  his  Majesty's  Court  of  Assistants  held  at  New  Plymouth, 
July  7, 1685,  a  Deed  of  Confirmation  was  given,  rehearsing  that 
"The  first  grant  of  the  said  township  being  eight  miles  square 
[was]  granted  in  the  year  1641  unto  Alexander  Winchester,  Rich- 
ard Wright,  Mr.  Henry  Smith,  Mr.  Joseph  Peck,  Mr.  Stephen 
Paine  and  divers  others."  The  bounds  in  this  old  deed  are 
mostly  indicated  by  marked  trees,  trenches  or  heaps  of  stones, 
which  after  232  years  have  disappeared.  The  distinguishing  limits 
of  the  town,  however,  have  continued  to  be  sufficiently  plain. 

This  Deed  of  Confirmation  is  printed  in  full  in  Bliss's  History 
of  Rehoboth  (pp.  122-125),  copied  from  the  Plymouth  Colony 
Record  of  Deeds  (Vol.  V,  p.  341). 


02  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

June  11>  1686,  the  printed  laws  were  publicly  read  in  a  town 
meeting  by  order  of  the  Governor. 

May  28,  1689.  The  town  "voted  that  Mr.  An^er  should  have  a 
small  tract  of  low  ground,  by  the  meeting  house  side,  to  make  a  gar- 
den plot  near  the  orchard  that  Sam,  the  Indian,  formerly  planted.'* 

August  9, 1689.  Samuel  Peck  and  Thomas  Cooper  were  chosen 
deputies,  and  instructed  to  endeavor  ''to  procure  from  the  wor- 
shipful Major  Bradford"  a  quitclaim  deed  of  the  lands  in  the  town 
of  Rehoboth,  and  to  sell  enough  of  the  undivided  land  belonging 
to  the  town  to  obtain  this  deed.  The  following  is  a  copy  of  a 
part  of  this  deed,  with  the  annexed  Ibt  of  the  inhabitants  and 
proprietors  of  the  town: — 

QuiTCLAUi  Deed  of  William  Bradford  to  thb 

Town  of  Rehoboth. 
(Abridged) 
"Whereas  the  late  William  Bradford,  my  honored  father  was 
invested  by  virtue  of  a  grant  by  letters  patent  from  the  Honor- 
able Council  established  at  Plimouth  in  the  County  of  Devon, 
in  the  realm  of  England  for  the  planting,  ruling,  and  governing 
of  New  England  in  America,  derivating  from  our  late  Sovereign 
Lord  King  James  the  First,  tracts  of  land  which  lie  within  and  be- 
tween the  limits  and  bounds  of  said  letters  patent,  and  all  lands, 
rivers  ....  lying  or  being  within  or  between  any  the  said  limits 
(viz.)  a  certain  rivulet  or  rundlet  there  commonly  called  Cohasset 
alias  Conihasset  towards  the  north,  and  the  river  common^ 
called  Narraganset  river  towards  the  south,  and  the  great  western 
ocean  towards  the  east,  and  between  within  a  straight  line  direcUv 
extending  up  into  the  main  land  towards  the  west  from  the  mouth 
of  said  river  called  Narraganset  river  to  the  utmost  limits  and 
bounds  of  a  country  or  place  in  New-England  commonly  called 
Pochanoket  alias  Sowamset  westward,  and  another  straight  line 
extending  itself  directly  from  the  mouth  of  the  said  river  Cohas- 
set alias  Conihasset  towards  the  west  so  far  up  into  the  mainland 
westward  as  the  utmost  limits  of  the  said  country  or  place  com- 
monly called  Pochanoket  alias  Sowamset,  do  extend  with  all 
rights  as  in  said  patent  is  ratified  and  confirmed  under  the  common 
seal  of  said  Council  bearing  date  the  thirteenth  day  of  January, 
1629,  wherein,  among  other  favors,  is  also  expressed  the  said 
Council's  great  respect  that  so  hopeful  plantations  might  not 
only  subsist  but  also  might  be  encouraged  to  proceed  in  so  pious 
a  work  which  might  effectively  tend  to  the  propagation  of  religion 
which  was  also  the  chief  and  known  end  of  their  first  adventure 
in  this  vast  howling  desert:  and  whereas,  the  said 

'"William  Bradford  my  father 

in  the  year  of  our  Lord  1641 


ANNALS  AND  RECORDS  93 

ffranted  to  Joseph  Peck,  Stephen  Paine,  Henry  Smith,  Alexander 
Winchester,  Thomas  Cooper,  Gent,  and  others  with  them  a  tract 
of  land  for  a  plantation  or  township  formerly  called  by  the  natives 
Secunke,  upwards  of  forty-five  years  since  settled  and  planted^ 
now  called  by  the  name  of  Rehoboth:   and  likewise  for  several 

i rears  since  the  inhabitants  of  said  town  did  purchase  a  tract  of 
and  as  additional  and  enlarging  of  said  town,  of  Thomas  Prince, 
Esq'r,  The  Governor,  Major  Josiah  Winslow,  Capt.  Thomas 
Southworth,  and  Constant  Southworth  Esq*r  agents  for  the  Colony 
of  New  Plimouth  as  may  fully  appear  by  an  instrument  given  in  the 
name  of  the  said  Colony  under  the  seak  of  the  said  agents,  bearing 
date  the  tenth  of  April  Anno  Domini  1666.  [The  North  Purchase]. 
"Now  Know  Ybb  that  I  William  Bradford  of  New  Plimouth, 
for  the  ends  before  mentioned  and  also  for  and  in  consideration 
of  the  sum  of  fifteen  pounds  in  Current  money  of  New  England 
to  me  in  hand  well  and  truly  paid  by  Daniel  Smith,  Peter  Hunt, 
John  Brown,  John  Peck,  Nicholas  Peck,  Gilbert  Brooks,  Thomas 
Cooper,  Samuel  Newman,  William  Carpenter,  Samuel  Peck, 
Stephen  Paine,  Richard  Bowen,  Ensign  Tnomas  Wilmarth,  yeo- 
men, some  of  the  Proprietors  of  said  tract  and  tracts,  and  most 
of  them  ancient  inhabitants  of  said  town  of  Rehoboth,  by  these 
presents  for  me  and  my  heirs  do  grant,  remise,  release  and  for- 
ever quitclaim,  unto  the  said  Daniel  Smith,  etc.  and  to  their  heirs 
and  assigns  forever,  all  such  right,  estate,  title,  interest,  posses- 
sion and  demand  whatsoever  which  I,  the  said  William  Bradford 
have  or  ought  to  have,"  etc. 

[This  deed  was  entered  on  record  at  Bristol,  April  21,  1735,  in 
the  23d  book,  folio,  pages  356  to  360  inclusive.  See  also  Bliss, 
pp.  125  to  127.) 

"A  list  of  the  names  of  the  inhabitants  and  proprietors  of  the 
Towne  of  Rehoboth  having  Rights  and  Titles  to  the  Measuages, 
Tenements  and  Lands  contained  in  the  above  written  Instrument 
hereunto  annexed  and  affixed,  which  hath  been  reade  and  allowed 
in  a  full  Towne  meeting,  flebruary  the  7th,  1689: — 

InhahUanti.  John  Hunt, 

Mr.  Samuel  Angeir,  Ephrahim  Hunt, 

Deacon  Thomas  Cooper.  Rice  Leonard, 

Joseph  Peck,  sen'r.  Sara*l.  Butterworth, 

John  flitch.  Philip  Walker, 

John  Woodock,  sen'r.  ffrancis  Stevens,  sen'r. 

Serj.  Thomas  Ueade,  John  Orrasby. 

George  Kenricke,  Nathaniel  Chaffee. 

Nichollas  Ide.  sen*r.  Samuel  Sahin. 

George  Robinson,  sen'r.  Serj.  Preserved  Able. 

Robert  Wheaton.  Daniell  Reade. 

Richard  Martin.  Israll  Reade. 

John  Peren.  James  Sabin. 

Jonathan  ffuller.  sen'r.  John  Sabin. 

Enoch  Hunt.  Noah  Sabin. 


HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 


liJuMUiiU. 

The  Uuna  of  TImiiih  Kenriek, 
Samuel  Robiuon, 
MoMM  Reads, 

Mr.  Chrislophcr  Sandan, 
Junab  Palmer.  Mo'r. 
Satuuell  Palmer, 
Noah  Maaoa, 
Samuell  Miboq, 
Nicholas  lile,  juo'r. 
Sam'l.  Millerd,  lea'r. 
Sam'l.  Millerd,  jr. 
John  Hall, 
John  Rcdway, 
Sam'l.  Carpeoter, 
John  Titlui. 
Samuell  Tittiu, 
Joseph  Tlttus, 
Job  a  Carpenter, 
Tbomat.  Grant. 
John  Wiltmatb. 
Samuel  Bliie. 
JoDathan  Blise, 
Joseph  liuckland, 
Samuell  Paioe. 
Joseph  Browne, 
William  Carpeater,  jr. 
IhcIc  Allen. 
Thomas  Willmath,  jr. 
John  Woodcok,  jun  r. 
Iierall  Woodcok, 
Thomas  Woodcok, 
Jonathan  Woodcok. 
Samuel  Newman,  jr. 
John  Kinsley, 
Timothy  Ide, 
Jonathan  fluller,  jun. 
Jeremiah  Wheaton, 
John  Shawe. 
Joseph  Sabine, 
Richard  Whileaker, 
Samuel  Bullock, 
Thomas  Omiaby 
Thomas  Man, 
Itobert  Millerd.  aen'r. 
Mr.  Henry  Sweeting, 
Jathniell  Peck. 
Joshua  Smitb, 
John  Smith. 
Richard  Evens, 
Jamei  Tburber, 
Sam'J.  Roweu, 
Jonathan  Wiltmath, 
John  tfrench, 
JoMph  Borswortb, 
Joseph  Peck,  jun'r. 
Heaekiah  Pcckc, 
Richard  Bo  wen, 
Thomas  Uowen,  sen'r. 


John  Marten, 
Jonah  Palmer,  jun'r. 
Samuel  Cooper, 
Nalhaniell  Perry. 
John  Daggett, 
Thomas  Cooper, 
Joseph  Daggett, 
Nalhaniell  Daggett, 
Nathanidl  Whitakcr, 
Eprabim  Wheaton, 
A  Dial)  Carjienler. 
James  Carpenter, 

Joseph  Maton, 
Joseph  Buckland,  jun'r. 
Baruk  Buckland, 
Sillas  Titus. 
Nalb,  Paine,  jun'r. 
William  llobeuson, 
Josiah  Carpenter, 
(Francis  Stevens,  jun'r. 
Richard  Boiten,  jun'r. 
Joseph  Millerd, 
Benjamin  Millerd, 
John  Bowen. 
Benjamin  Robinion, 
David  Newman, 
David  Suller, 
John  Jeukingi, 
John  Jonson, 
Daniel  I  Shepard,  sen. 
David  Sreeman, 
James  Wilson, 
James  Welch, 
John  nullock, 
John  Callender, 
John  Bartlet's  heires. 

Thonaa    Cooper    and 

Cooper,  sons  of  Nath.  Cooper. 
The  lleirea  of  Benjamin  Buckland, 
Samuell  ffuller. 
The  Heires  of  Eldad  Kinsley, 
Jonathan  Carpenter, 


Zacheriah  Carpenter, 

Abraham  Carpenter, 

The  llcires  of  Robert  Joane*. 

Daniel!  Sabin,  son  of  NehemiAh  Sa- 


George  Robinson,  jr. 

Isake  Mason, 

Tliomn    Bowen, 

The  Ileir«a  of  William  Allen, 


ANNALS  AND  RECORDS 


95 


Thomas  Smith, 

Henry  Smith, 

Abiall  Smith, 

Ebennezar  Walker, 

John  Reade  and  Thomas  Reade, 

The  Heires  of  John  Reade,  jun'r. 

Eliphellet  Carpenter, 

Rebeka     Carpenter,     daughter    of 

Abiah  Carpenter, 
Mary  Walker, 
Mary  Orrasby, 
Jacob  Ormsby*s  daughter. 
The  Heires  of  Mr.  Pilebeame, 
James  Myles  and  Nathaniel  Myles, 

sons  of  Mr.  John  Myles, 
The  Heires  of  John  Savage, 
Philip  Amidowne, 
Henry  Ammidowne, 

Proprietors  not  inhabitants. 

James  Drowne,  Esq. 
Thomas  Daggett,  Esq. 
Mr.  Nathaniell  Paine, 
Mr.  John  Allen,  sen*r. 
Mr.  Henry  Newman, 
Deacon  John  Butterworth, 
Mrs.  Elizabeth  Viall, 
Daniell  Allen, 
Obidiah  Bowen,  sen*r. 
Samuell  Viall, 


William  Ingraham, 

Mr.  NicholTas  Taner, 

Mr.  Andrew  Willet, 

Mr.  Philip  Squire, 

Obadiah  Bowen,  jun*r. 

John  Paine, 

Joseph  Chaffee, 

Henry  Sweet, 

Mr  Samuel  Myles, 

Joseph  Carpenter, 

Benjamin  Carpenter, 

John  Carpenter,  jun*r. 

Benjamin  ffuller, 

Thomas  Wood, 

Iserail  Peck, 

John  Allen,  jun*r. 

Elizabeth  Patey, 

Ens.  Tho.  Estabrooks, 

William  Howard, 

John  Blakstone, 

Jarctt  Ingraham, 

John  Lovell, 

Mr.  Noah  ffloaide, 

Anthony  Sprague, 

The  Heirs  of  Humphrey  Tiffany, 

George  Webb, 

Thomas  Barnes, 

Richard  Daggerworth, 

Joseph  Woodard, 

Thomas  Patey. 


"December  17,  1692.  The  town  council  and  selectmen  of  Re- 
hoboth  delivered  to  Ensign  Thomas  Read  136  pounds  of  powder 
and  250  pounds  of  bullets,  to  be  taken  care  of  by  him  for  the  town, 
and  not  to  be  disposed  of  but  by  the  order  of  the  selectmen  of  the 
town." 

"May  1,  1693.  Samuel  Peck  was  chosen  and  elected  to  serve 
as  the  town  representative  in  the  great  and  general  assembly." 

This  was  the  year  after  the  union  of  the  colonies  of  Plymouth 
and  Massachusetts  Bay  under  the  charter  of  William  and  Mary, 
and  Mr.  Peck  was  the  first  representative  from  the  town  to  the 
General  Court  of  Massachusetts. 

"August  16,  1663.  It  was  voted  by  the  town,  that  as  it  was 
their  desire,  so  it  should  be  their  utmost  endeavour  to  obtain  Mr. 
Thomas  Greenwood  to  dispense  the  word  of  God  unto  us  in  the 
time  of  our  vacancy,  until  our  reverend  pastor,  Mr.  Angier,  re- 
turns to  continue  with  us.  In  order  hereunto  Mr.  Samuel  Peck 
and  Joseph  Browne  were  chosen  by  the  town  to  go  down  to  Mr. 
Greenwood,  this  week,  to  do  their  endeavour  to  bring  him  up  this 
week,  if  it  may."  "A  committee  was  also  chosen  to  agree  with 
Mr.  Angier,  in  behalf  of  the  town,  respecting  his  support  and  main- 
tenance." 


96  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

Mr.  Angler  was  at  this  time  at  Cambridge,  whither  he  had 
removed  in  the  hitter  part  of  1692,  or  the  early  part  of  1683,  as- 
signing, as  the  cause  of  his  removal,  ill  health. 

'"September  1 1,  1693.  It  was  voted  that  there  should  be  a  letter 
written  in  the  town's  name  to  our  reverend  pastor,  BIr.  Angier, 
that  they  may  know  his  mind  about  his  return." 

This  letter  Mr.  Angier  answered  in  person;  and,  de^Murtng  of 
the  recovery  of  his  health  so  as  to  be  able  to  resume  his  duties 
as  minister  of  Rehoboth,  he  took  his  leave  of  his  churdi  and 
people,  recommending  to  them  the  Rev.  Thomas  Greoiwood  as  a 
suitable  person  to  fill  the  station  which  he  regretted  to  be 
obliged  to  resign. 

Mr.  Angier  was  bom  in  1655  (probably  at  Cambridge),  grad- 
uated at  Harvard  Collie  in  1673,  and  was  a  member  of  the 
Board  of  Fellows  of  that  university.  He  was  settled  as  the  pastor 
of  Rehoboth  in  the  year  1679,  whence  he  removed,  as  was  before 
stated,  in  1692  or  1693,  to  Cambridge.  His  residence  at  Cambridge 
was  short.  Having  regained  his  health,  he  was  chosen  on  the  28th 
of  August,  1696,  by  the  church  in  that  part  of  ancient  Watertown 
which  is  now  Waltham,  to  be  their  pastor;  and  on  the  21st  of 
September  following,  the  town  concurred  in  the  choice,  and  he 
was  installed  pastor  of  Watertown,  May  25,  1697.  Here,  after 
an  eminent  and  successful  ministry,  he  died,  January  21,  1719, 
aged  sixty-five. 

Mr.  Angier  married  the  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Urian  Oakes, 
fourth  president  of  Harvard  University,  and  her  mother  was  the 
daughter  of  the  celebrated  Dr.  William  Ames,  author  of  the 
**MedvUa  TheologiaCt**  and  a  professor  at  the  university  of  Rotter- 
dam. His  son,  the  Rev.  John  Angier,  was  the  first  pastor  of  the 
east  parish  of  the  ancient  Bridgewater,  where  he  was  ordained, 
October  28,  1724.  lie  was  bom  in  1701,  graduated  at  Harvard 
University  in  1720,  married  a  daughter  of  Ezra  Bourne,  Esq.,  of 
Sandwich,  and  died  April  14,  1787,  aged  eighty-six,  having  been 
minister  of  East  Bridgewater  fifty-two  years.  His  son,  Samuel, 
who  graduated  at  Harvard  in  1763,  was  ordained  his  colleague 
at  East  Bridgewater,  December  23,  1767,  and  died  January  18, 
1805,  in  the  sixty-second  year  of  his  age.  His  other  son,  Oakes 
Angier,  was  an  attorney  settled  at  Bridgewater,  and  a  man  of 
some  eminence  in  his  profession.  lie  left  a  family,  one  of  whom, 
John,  settled  at  Belfast,  Me. 


ANNALS  AND  RECORDS*  97 

A  daughter  of  the  Rev.  John  Angier  was  married  to  the  Rev. 
Ephraim  Hyde,  subsequently  a  mmister  of  Rehoboth. 

"October  1,  1693»  the  town  voted  that  the  former  committee 
chosen  by  the  town,  August  15th  last,  shall  be  further  empowered, 
not  only  to  treat  with  Mr.  Thomas  Greenwood  for  his  support 
and  maintenance,  while  he  continues  in  the  work  of  the  ministry 
among  us,  but  also  have  full  power  to  treat  and  agree  with  him 
respecting  his  settlement  as  the  minister  of  the  town." 

Mr.  Greenwood  complied  with  the  invitation  and  was  settled 
as  the  minister  of  Rehoboth  in  October  of  1693.  The  town  agreed 
to  give  him  "ninety-five  pounds  of  current  silver  money  of  New- 
England  towards  his  settlement;  and,  for  his  comfortable  sub- 
sistence, the  contribution  of  strangers  and  seventy  pounds  yearly, 
to  be  paid  him,  one  third  in  current  silver  money,  as  aforesaid, 
and  the  other  two-thirds  in  beef,  pork,  and  all  sorts  of  merchant- 
able corn,  rye,  and  butter,  and  cheese,  and  merchantable  boards* 
at  the  current  price,  set  upon  them  yearly  by  the  selectmen  of  the 
town." 

The  use  of  the  pastors'  and  teachers'  lands  was  also  granted 
him,  so  long  as  he  should  continue  in  the  work  of  the  ministry 
in  Rehoboth. 

July  6,  1696.  Deacon  Samuel  Newman  was  chosen  representa- 
tive to  the  General  Court  at  Boston.  This  was  the  third  meeting 
for  the  choice  of  a  representative,  this  year;  a  great  number 
having  been  successively  elected,  but  immediately  declined  serving. 

This  year  there  is  mention  made  of  a  Doctor  Richard  Bowen, 
who  was  chosen,  July  27th,  one  of  the  assessors. 

"January  4,  1697.  The  town  voted  that  the  stray  Indians 
should  be  warned  out  of  town,  that  are  hunting  in  town." 

"October  4,  1698.  The  town  voted,  that  a  schoolmaster,  as 
the  law  directs,  should  be  attained,  and  the  selectmen  should  en- 
deavour the  gaining  one,  and  likewise  agree  with  him,  when  at- 
tained, for  his  encouragement  to  keep  school." 

"November  21,  1698.  The  selectmen  met  and  ordered  that 
the  school-house  should  be  repaired  and  made  fit  for  to  keep 
school  in,  and  ordered  William  Carpenter  to  procure  shingles, 
boards,  and  nails,  and  what  else  is  wanting  for  fitting  it  up,  on  the 
town's  account." 

"March  15,  1699.  The  selectmen  made  an  agreement  with 
Thomas  Robinson,  of  this  town,  to  keep  a  reading  and  writing 
school,  for  the  term  of  three  months,  to  begin  the  first  or  second 


98  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

week  in  April,  at  the  farthest;  and  for  his  labour  he  is  to  have 
three  pounds,  half  in  silver  money,  the  one  half  of  it  when  he  has 
kept  half  the  term,  and  the  other  half  when  his  quarter  is  expired: 
the  last  part  of  his  pay  in  com  equivalent  to  money/' 

""December  4,  1699.  The  selectmen  agreed  with  Mr.  Robert 
Dickson  to  keep  school  in  Rehoboth  for  six  months,  to  begin  on 
Thursday,  the  seventh  of  this  instant;  he  engaging  to  do  his  ut* 
most  endeavour  to  teach  both  sexes  of  boys  and  girls  to  read  Eng- 
lish, and  write,  and  cast  accounts.  In  consideration  of  said  service, 
the  said  selectmen,  in  the  town's  behalf,  do  engage  to  pay  him 
thirteen  pounds,  one  half  in  silver  money,  and  the  other  half  in 
good  merchantable  boards,  at  the  current  and  merchantable 

«rice;  the  boards  to  be  delivered  at  the  landing  place,  at  Samuel 
iTiJker's  and  Sergeant  Butterworth's  mill." 

This  landing  place  was  at  the  cove  at  the  mouth  of  the  Ten- 
mile  River  in  Seekonk.  It  is  said  that  early  in  the  history  of  the 
town  there  were  wharves  built  out  into  the  river  near  the  mouth 
of  this  cove,  that  stores  were  erected  here,  and  considerable  trade 
carried  on,  and  that  the  people  of  Providence  frequently  came 
over  here  to  purchase  their  goods. 

"'June  11,  1700.  The  committee  appointed  by  the  town,  to 
procure  a  schoolmaster  for  this  year,  agreed  with  the  Rev.  Thomas 
Greenwood,  their  minister,  to  teach  the  school,  for  the  sum  of 
thirty  pounds  in  current  silver  money." 

'October  3, 1700.   The  town  voted  to  repair  the  meeting-house." 

'April  2,  1701.  The  town  voted  to  enlarge  the  meeting-house, 
by  bringing  the  front  gallery  two  seats  farther  forward,  and  the 
side  galleries,  each  one  seat  farther  forward." 

The  name  of  "Oak  Swamp"  occurs  in  the  records  for  the  first 
time  this  year. 

"November  12,  1703.  The  town  voted,  that  the  schoolmaster 
Mr.  Joseph  Metcalf,  shall  keep  school  at  Palmer's  river  half  the 
year,  viz:  the  last  six  months  of  this  present  year,  that  the  said 
schoolmaster  is  hired  for;  and  the  inhabitants  of  that  part  of  the 
town  are  to  provide  a  convenient  place  for  the  schoolmaster  to 
keep  school  in." 

May  15,  1704.  Benjamin  Allen  was  chosen  representative, 
but  was  "ejected  the  House  of  Representatives"  (for  what  reason 
the  town  records  do  not  state);  and,  on  the  7th  day  of  June, 
Capt.  Enoch  Hunt  was  elected  in  his  place. 

"March  19,  1705.  It  was  voted  by  the  town,  that  Ichabod 
Bosworth  shall  have  liberty  to  set  up  a  hammer  to  go  by  water. 


«<i 


«« 


ANNALS  AND  RECORDS  99 

for  the  blacksmith's  trade,  and  a  shop  and  coal-house  upon  the 
Ox-pasture  run,  where  the  foot-path  goeth  down  the  hill,  at  the 
point  of  said  hill:  and  the  said  Bosworth  nor  his  heirs  are  not 
to  raise  a  dam  higher  than  to  flow  about  an  acre  and  a  half/' 

Mr.  John  Rogers  was  employed  by  the  town  to  teach  school 
during  half  the  year,  for  the  sum  of  fifteen  pounds  in  current  silver 
money  of  New  England.  He  was  to  conmience  on  the  9th  day  of 
July. 

"March  18,  1706.  The  town  appointed  a  committee  to  pro- 
cure a  schoolmaster  for  one  whole  year,  to  be  qualified  as  the  law 
directs."  This  year,  Joseph  Avery  was  employed  "to  keep  school 
within  the  Ring  of  the  Green,  for  a  quarter  of  a  year,  for  seven 
pounds  ten  shillings,  silver  money." 

"October  25,  1708.  The  town  voted  that  there  shall  be  a  pound 
set  up  on  Palmer's  river." 

Mr.  John  Lynn  taught  a  school  in  Rehoboth  during  three 
months  of  the  year  1708,  agreeing  to  instruct  in  reading,  writing, 
grammar,  and  arithmetic,  for  the  sum  of  seven  pounds  in  current 
money  of  New-England. 

Mr.  John  Lynn  entered  into  another  agreement  with  the  town, 
to  teach  school  one  year  from  the  28th  day  of  February,  1709, 
for  the  sum  of  tWenty-nine  pounds  in  current  money  of  New- 
England.  The  different  divisions  of  the  town,  in  which  the  school 
was  to  be  kept  successively,  this  year,  and  from  each  of  which 
one  of  the  school  committee  was  taken,  are  named  as  follows  in 
the  records,  with  the  length  of  time  allotted  to  each:  "The  ring 
of  the  town"  and  "the  neighbourhood  on  the  east  side  of  the  ring 
of  the  town,"  21  weeks;  "Palmer's  river,"  14  weeks;  "Watche- 
moquct  neck,"*  13  weeks;  "Capt.  Enoch  Hunt's  neighbour- 
hood," and  "the  mile  and  a  half,"  9  weeks. 

Mr.  Lynn  was  again  enployed  by  the  town  as  their  school- 
master in  1710,  and  received  for  his  services  thirty  pounds. 

It  appears  from  the  town  records,  that,  in  1711,  a  petition  was 
presented  to  the  General  Court  "by  the  inhabitants  of  the  south- 
east part  of  the  town"  (Palmer's  River),  to  have  the  town  divided 
into  two  precincts  for  the  support  of  the  ministry,  and  that  each 
precinct  should  support  a  minister. 

'  This  name  was  given  to  that  part  of  the  present  town  of  Seekonk  which 
lies  below  the  mouth  of  the  Ten-mile  River,  along  the  Seekonk  or  Pawtucket 
River  and  Narragansett  Bay,  as  far  down,  probably,  as  the  point  of  land  now 
called  "Bullock's  Neck/'  and  including  it. 


100  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

This  measure  the  inhabitants  of  the  older  part  of  the  town 
(Seekonk)  promptly  and  resolutely  opposed.  They  drew  up 
and  presented  to  the  General  Court,  by  way  of  remonstrance,  a 
long  petition,  in  which  they  stated  that  a  former  petition  of  theirs 
had  been  represented,  in  the  petition  of  the  people  of  Palmer*s 
River,^  as  **a  heap  of  lies  and  deceits*':  this  is  all  we  know  of  the 
contents  of  the  latter  petition;  the  other  is  entered  at  large  on  the 
town  records. 

"March  30,  1712.  Voted  to  raise  thirty  pounds  annually, 
for  the  support  of  schools:  of  which  the  neighbourhood  of  Pal- 
mer's river  should  have  ten  pounds,  and  be  obliged  to  maintain 
an  English  school;  and  the  old  part  of  the  town  and  Watche- 
moquet  should  have  the  remaining  twenty  pounds,  and  be  obliged 
to  maintain  a  grammar  school." 

In  Ifay,  1713,  the  General  Court  recommended  to  the  town  of 
Rehoboth  the  raising  of  £120  for  the  support  of  two  ministers, — 
one  at  Palmer's  River.  Against  this  the  majority  of  the  town 
remonstrated  by  a  petition. 

'"September  12,  1715.  The  town  voted  to  build  a  new  meeting- 
house, to  be  fiftv  feet  in  length  and  forty  feet  in  breadth,  and 
twenty-five  feet  between  joints;  the  town  to  pay  towards  it  two 
hundred  and  fifty  pounds."  It  is  mentioned  in  another  plac», 
that  the  meeting-house  "'should  be  so  high  between  joints  as  will 
be  needful  for  two  sets  of  galleries."  It  was  also  voted  that  the 
new  house  should  stand  near  the  site  of  the  old  one. 

"June  11,  1716.  Voted  that  the  meeting-house  now  build- 
ing should  be  set  up  and  raised  on  the  east  side  of  the  old  meet- 
ing-house, ranging  north  with  the  old  meeting-house,  and  thirty- 
three  feet  eastward  from  it." 

This  new  house  stood  a  few  rods  south  of  the  present  Congre- 
gational meeting-house  in  East  Providence. 

"March  25,  1717.  The  town  voted  that  John  Lyon  should  have 
liberty  to  build  a  wharf  and  ware-house,  at  the  point  called  Dag- 
gett's point,  below  the  hill." 

This  I  think  to  be  the  point  of  land  between  the  Ten-mile  River 
and  the  Pawtucket,  upon  the  north  side  of  the  mouth  of  the  former. 

It  appears  from  the  records,  in  1717,  that  the  people  of  Palmer's 
River,  with  the  permission  of  the  General  Court,  had  commenced 
building  a  meeting-house  in  their  part  of  the  town;  and  the  in- 

'  The  neighborhood  of  "Palmer's  River"  wm  in  the  vicinity  of  the  Orleans 
Factory,  and  extended  along  the  river  both  above  and  below  it. 


ANNALS  AND  RECORDS  101 

habitants  of  the  older  part  of  the  town,  seeing  them  determined 
on  prosecuting  their  plans,  agreed,  provided  they  should  be  freed 
from  all  further  expense  of  erecting  this  house,  to  give  up  for 
their  assistance  £50  of  the  £250  which  had  been  voted  by  the 
town  for  the  erection  of  a  meeting-house  in  the  western  and 
older  part  of  it. 

"December  16,  1718.  The  community"  (as  the  company  as- 
sociated for  building  the  meeting-house  in  the  western  part  of 
the  town  were  now  called)  "voted,  and  gave  the  old  pulpit,  be- 
longing to  the  old  meeting-house,  to  the  congregation  of  Palmer's 
river,  to  be  set  up  in  their  meeting-house,  provided  said  con- 
gregation do  accept  of  said  pulpit  for  the  use  before  mentioned.^' 

The  new  meeting-house,  which  the  people  of  Palmer's  River 
were  now  building,  stood  between  the  present  Congregational 
meeting-house  of  Rehoboth  and  the  Orleans  Factory,  about 
half  a  mile  from  the  latter,  and  near  the  old  burying  ground, 
on  what  is  sometimes  called  "burying-place  hill." 

"December  23,  1718.  It  was  voted  by  the  community,  that 
the  rules  to  be  observed  in  seating  the  new  meeting-house  for  the 
sabbath  are  as  followeth:  firstly,  to  have  regard  to  dignity  of 
person,  and  secondly  by  age,  and  thirdly  according  to  the  charge 
they  bare  in  respect  to  the  public  charges,  and  what  charge  they 
have  been  at  in  building  the  meeting-house." 

A  committee  was  chosen  to  seat  the  house  according  to  the  above 
rules. 

The  fifty  pounds  voted  by  the  town  and  "community,"  to  aid 
in  building  the  meeting-house  at  Palmer's  River,  on  condition 
that  the  town  were  freed  from  all  further  expense  connected 
with  it,  were  accepted  by  the  inhabitants  of  Palmer's  River,  who 
also  entered  into  an  engagement  to  clear  the  town  from  all  further 
expiense  in  relation  to  their  house.  The  following  list  of  the  names 
of  those  who  bound  themselves  to  this  agreement,  may  serve  to 
give  us  some  idea  of  the  number  and  names  of  the  families  who 
constituted  the  neighborhood  of  Palmer's  River: — 

Samuel  Peck,  The  mark  X  of  Joshua  Smith,  jun'r. 

Jethanial  Peck,  Solomon  Millard,  Ichabod  Peck, 

Joshua  Smith,  Thomas  Bliss,  Ephraim  Millard, 

Samuel  Bliss,  William  Blanding,  William  Marten, 

Lennox  Beverly,  Daniel  Blanding,  Jacob  Bliss. 

Benjamin  Willson,  Solomon  Peck, 

Abraham  Carpenter,  Nathaniel  Smith, 


102  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

'December  20,  1718.  Voted  that  the  congregation  at  Pklmer's 
river  should  have  for  their  use  the  facing  of  the  old  meeting- 
house gallery,  towards  finishing  their  meeting-house." 

''March  28,  1720.  Thomas  Cathcart,  of  Martha's  yineymtd. 
agreed  to  teach  school  one  quarter  of  a  year,  commencing  at  the 
middle  of  August,  for  the  sum  of  ten  pounds  in  money.*' 

"March  10,  1720.  Mr.  John  Greenwood  agreed  with  the  select- 
men to  teach  school  for  the  town,  six  months,  for  twelve  pounds 
for  the  first  quarter,  and  the  second  quarter  at  the  rate  of  f<M'ty- 
five  pounds  per  year." 

He  was  the  son  of  the  Rev.  Thomas  Greoiwood,  then  their 
minister;  he  graduated  at  Cambridge  in  1717,  and  in  1721  was 
settled  as  the  minister  of  the  western  part  of  Rehoboth,  over  the 
church  of  which  his  father  had  been  pastor. 

The  Rev.  Thomas  Greenwood  died  September  8,  1720.  at  half 
past  2  o'clock  p.  m .,  aged  fifty  years.  He  was  a  native  of  Wey- 
mouth, Mass.,  where  his  father  died,  according  to  minutes  made 
by  the  Rev.  Thomas  Greenwood,  still  extant,^  September  1,  1693, 
in  the  evening.  Mr.  Greenwood  graduated  at  Cambridge  in  1690, 
was  married  December  28,  1693,  and  came  to  reside  in  Rehoboth 
the  Tuesday  following.  Mr.  Greenwood  had  six  children,  viz.: 
Hannah,  bom  Feb.  5,  1694;  John,  born  May  20,  1697;  Noah, 
bom  April  20,  1699,  and  died  March  26,  1703;  Esther,  bom 
August  20, 1791,  and  died  Sept.  14;  Elizabeth,  bom  April  5, 1704; 
and  Esther,  bom  Saturday,  June  25, 1709.  Mrs.  Greenwood  died 
at  Weymouth,  January  24,  1735. 

"November  14,  1720.  Whereas  the  church  of  Christ,  in  Re- 
hoboth, having  made  choice  of  the  Rev.  Mr.  John  Greenwood  to 
preach  the  gospel  amongst  us  for  the  present;  the  question  being 
put,  whether  the  town  would  concur  with  the  church's  choice; 
it  passed  in  the  affirmative."  "Voted  by  the  town  to  raise  seventy 
pounds  per  annum  till  we  have  a  minister  settled  amongst  us." 

"February  13,  1721.  A  vote  was  taken  for  inviting  Mr.  Green- 
wood to  become  the  minister  of  the  west  part  of  the  town.  One 
hundred  and  nineteen  voted  in  favour  of  the  measure  and  only  five 
against  it." 

"March  13,  1721.  The  town  voted,  that  the  business  of  both 
the  religious  congregations  of  the  town, — the  one  in  the  west  part 
of  the  town,  and  the  one  at  Palmer's  river, — should  be  managed 

'These  are  a  book  of  familv  and  church  records,  which  the  Rev.  John 
Greenwood  }>equeathed  to  the  church,  and  which  are  itill  in  the  possession  of 
the  Congregational  Church  of  Seekonk. 


ANNALS  AND  RECORDS  103 

by  the  town  as  the  affairs  of  one  church;  and  that  the  expenses 
of  each  should  be  borne  by  the  whole  town.  The  town  voted  also 
to  raise  £200  for  the  settlement  of  a  minister  in  each  of  the  two 
mccting-houscs;  £100  to  be  appropriated  to  each." 

The  meeting-house  at  Palmer's  River  was  by  this  time  com- 
pleted, and  on  the  29th  of  November,  1721,  a  church  was  gathered 
here,  and  the  Rev.  David  Turner,  of  Scituate,  ordained  their 
minister. 

'*July  8,  1723.  Josiah  Cotton  made  an  agreement  with  the 
town  to  keep  the  school  in  Rehoboth  for  the  quantity  of  one  year» 
for  the  sum  of  £45." 

"May  8,  1727.  The  town  voted  a  bounty  of  6*.  to  any  one  who 
should  kill  a  wild-cat  within  the  limits  of  the  town,  and  bring  the 
head  to  any  two  of  the  selectmen." 

"April  22,  1728.  Voted  that  the  town's  proportion  of  the  sixty 
thousand  pounds,  that  is  now  in  the  Province's  treasury,  should 
be  brought  into  the  town;  and  Mr.  Samuel  Bullock,  Mr  Timothy 
Walker,  and  Mr.  John  Willmarth  were  chosen  trustees,  to  transact 
about  the  money."  It  was  also  voted,  "that  this  money  be  let 
out  to  the  inhabitants  of  the  town  by  the  trustees;  and  that  none 
be  allowed  to  have  more  than  ten  pounds,  nor  less  than  five." 

June  10,  1728.  The  Rev.  John  Greenwood  and  the  Rev.  David 
Turner  presented  a  petition  to  the  town  for  an  increase  of  their 
salaries,  stating  that  their  present  salaries  were  inadequate  to 
their  comfortable  support.  The  town,  in  answer  to  their  petition, 
voted  to  add  to  Mr.  Greenwood's  salary  £20,  and  to  Mr.  Turner's 
£30,  making  the  sum  of  the  respective  salaries  of  each  £100. 

"March  31,  1729.  It  was  proposed  for  the  town's  consideration, 
whether  it  might  not  be  proper  to  build  a  house  for  the  enter- 
tainment of  such  poor  people  as  are,  or  shall  be,  destitute  of  a 
house  to  dwell  in.  The  town  by  vote  adjourned  or  deferred  the 
matter  till  the  next  general  town  meeting. ' 

"May  21,  1733.  John  Pierce  of  Rehoboth  brought  a  wild-cat's 
head  before  the  town,  and  his  ears  were  cut  off  by  Thomas  Car- 
penter, constable,  in  the  presence  of  one  or  more  of  the  selectmen 
of  the  town  of  Rehoboth.  ' 

In  the  year  1734,  the  town  expended  for  the  support  of  schools 
£60. 

During  the  year  1735,  the  town  obtained  leave  of  the  General 
Court  to  sell  the  several  small  pieces  of  school  land,  that  lay 
scattered  in  different  parts  of  the  town,  "provided  that  they  pur- 


104  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

chased  other  real  estate,  in  one  entire  tract,  with  the  proceeds  of 
said  sale,  to  be  appropriated  for  the  use  of  the  schools  in  Rehoboth» 
and  for  no  other  use  whatever." 

''November  3,  1735.  Thirty  pounds  were  voted  towards  up- 
holding the  grammar  school  in  town.''  And  November  6th,  sixty 
pounds  were  added  to  the  thirty  for  the  support  of  schools  in  town. 

''March  29,  1736.  Voted  to  build  a  work-house  for  the  poor 
of  the  town." 

"October  22,  1736.  Ten  pounds  were  granted  towards  the  sup- 
port of  the  gospel  in  the  north-east  part  of  the  town." 

This  was  probably  granted  to  a  Baptist  congregation,  though 
no  church  was  organized  (according  to  Benedict)  in  this  part  of 
the  town  till  1743,  the  date  of  the  organization  of  "Round's 
church." 

"November  15,  1736.  The  town  voted  to  raise  £140  for  the  sup- 
port of  the  ministry,  £70  of  which  were  to  be  paid  to  the  Rev. 
John  Greenwood,  and  the  other  £70  to  the  Rev.  David  Turner." 

"March  28,  1737.  Forty  pounds  were  voted  towards  the  salaiy 
of  a  schoolmaster;  and  what  is  needed  more  is  to  be  made  up 
out  of  the  town  treasury." 

In  1739,  £80  were  expended  for  the  support  of  schools.  During 
this  year  the  town  voted  to  give  the  Rev.  John  Greenwood  and 
the  Rev.  David  Turner  each  £200  yearly,  in  "the  present  cur- 
rency." The  currency  here  referred  to  was  probably  the  bills 
of  credit  issued  by  the  General  Court  of  Massachusetts,  and 
which,  as  appears  by  the  doubling  of  their  salaries,  had  already 
depreciated  one-half.  The  town  also  voted  to  grant  a  salary  to 
the  elder  of  the  Baptist  church  in  Rehoboth. 

"March  31,  1740.  Peter  Bowen  and  Ebenezer  Cole  were 
chosen  to  inform  of  all  breaches  of  an  act  in  addition  to  an  act 
for  the  better  preservation  and  increase  of  deer." 

In  the  year  1741,  a  highway  two  rods  wide  was  laid  out  by  the 
town,  "from  Pawtucket  Falls  till  it  come  to  the  line  between 
Rehoboth  and  Attlcborough,  into  the  county  road  leading  to- 
wards Mendon,  laid  out  on  the  3d  or  4th  day  of  October,  1684." 

In  1742  the  town  expended  £70  for  the  support  of  schools; 
and  in  1743,  £90  were  appropriated  for  the  same  object. 

In  1743,  the  prices  of  grain,  agreed  on  between  the  town  and 
the  ministers,  and  at  which  rates  the  latter  were  to  receive  it  in 


ANNALS  AND  RECORDS  105 

the  payment  of  their  salaries,  were  as  follows,  viz.:  wheat  at  l&s. 
per  bushel,  rye  12^.,  Indian  corn  9«.,  oats  5^.,  barley  10^. 

In  1744,  £65  were  expended  for  the  support  of  schools,  and  in 
the  year  following,  £125. 

The  Rev.  David  Turner,  in  addition  to  the  duties  of  a  clergy- 
man, sometimes  practised  the  healing  art,  to  which  he  appears 
to  have  given  some  attention  before  studying  divinity.  In  the 
year  1746,  "the  Rev.  David  Turner  is  allowed  £5  for  adminis- 
tering medicine  to  one  of  the  poor  of  the  town." 

In  1746  the  town  raised  for  the  support  of  schools  £125,  in 

1747,  £170,  in  1748,  £200,  and  in  1749,  £300. 

"May  23,  1749.  Voted  that  the  sum  of  £40  of  bills  of  credit, 
of  the  old  tenor,  be  added  to  the  ministerial  tax  the  present  year, 
to  make  up  the  deficiency  occasioned  by  what  is  to  be  paid  out  of 
it  to  Mr.  Checkly,  minister  of  the  church  of  England  at  Prov- 
idence." 

In  1750,  the  town  raised  for  the  support  of  schools  £30,  in  1751, 

the  same  sum,  and  in  1752,  £38. 

"May  1762.  Voted  that  the  meeting-house  in  the  west  part 
of  the  town  be  covered  with  new  shingles,  and  the  south  side  of 
the  said  house  be  repaired  with  new  clapboarding  and  new  win- 
dows with  sash  glass.'* 

March  25,  1754.    The  town  voted  to  build  a  pound  at  Palmer*s , 
River.    This  year  the  town  expended  for  the  support  of  schools 
£38,  in  the  year  following,  £30,  in  1756,  £68,  in  1757  and  1758 
the  same  sum. 

It  appears  from  a  letter  addressed  to  the  church  by  him,  that 
in  1757  Mr.  Greenwood  was  obliged,  in  consequence  of  bodily 
infirmity,  to  resign  his  pastoral  charge  over  his  church  in  Reho- 
both.  He  also,  at  the  request  of  the  town,  relinquished  his  yearly 
salary  and  his  claim  to  the  profits  of  the  ministerial  lands,  on  con- 
dition of  the  church,  or  town,  or  individuals,  becoming  responsible 
for  the  payment  of  £20  to  him  yearly  during  his  life.  The  fol- 
lowing is  a  copy  of  his  letter: — 

"Rehoboth,  December  yc  2d,  1757. 
"To  the  First  Church  of  Christ  in  Rehoboth,  under  my  pastoral 
care. 

**  Bretheren: 

"Whereas,   by    divine    Providence,   I    am    rendered    unable, 

through  bodily  infirmity,  to  carry  on  the  work  of  the  ministry 

any  longer,  after  30  odd  years  labour  therein:   and  whereas  you 

presented  to  me  the  town's  resolution,  not  to  grant  any  support 


106  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTII 

for  another  minister  here,  except  I  release  my  salary,  ye  minis- 
tering lands,  and  quit  my  pastorial  office:  although  I  think  not 
reasonable  m  the  town  to  defer  it;  yet  for  peace's  sake,  and  that 
the  gospel  might  not  be  hindered,  I  release  my  salary,  from  the 
eleventh  day  of  March  next  and  forever  after;  and  I  also  release 
the  ministry  lands  in  said  town  from  any  claime  or  any  improve- 
ment from  me  after  the  first  of  March  next,  as  aforesaid.  And 
by  the  advice  of  some  ministers  and  bretheren,  called  to  advise 
in  the  affair,  and  at  the  desire  of  this  church,  I  do  likewise  prom- 
ise to  ask  and  to  receive  of  this  church  a  dismission  from  my 
pastoral  office  over  them,  as  soon  as  a  council  of  churches  can 
conveniently  sit  for  the  orderly  doing  of  it;  provided  the  church, 
particular  persons,  or  the  town,  or  any  or  all  of  them,  will  come 
under  obligation,  for  my  support  and  maintenance  during  my 
natural  life,  to  give  me  twenty  pounds  annually,  to  be  paid,  one 
half  in  money,  and  the  other  half  in  specie  equal  to  money;  the 
first  year  to  be  paid,  the  eleventh  day  of  Marcn,  A.  D.  1759;  and 
so  from  year  to  year,  by  the  eleventh  of  March  successively,  during 
my  natural  life,  as  aforesaid,  and  that  I  and  my  estate  be  not 
taxed  towards  public  charges. 

'*JoHN  Greenwood/* 

These  propositions  the  church  and  town  readily  acceded  to, 
and  forty-seven  individuals  pledged  themselves  jointly  to  raise 
annually  the  support  required,  agreeing  to  give  yearly  various 
sums  each,  from  ''two  pounds'*  to  ''two  bushels  of  com'*  or  ''two 
bushels  of  rye.'* 

Mr.  Greenwood  died  December  1,  1766,  having  lived  in  Reho- 
both  between  forty-five  and  forty-six  years.  He  was  bom  at  Re- 
hoboth.  May  20,  1697,  graduated  at  Cambridge  in  1717,  was 
married  May  25,  1721,  and  ordained  minister  of  Rehoboth  in  the 
same  year.  Mr.  Greenwood  had  fourteen  children,  the  most  of 
whom  died  young. 

Mr.  Greenwood  was  succeeded  in  the  ministry  by  the  Rev. 
John  Games,  a  native  of  Boston,  and  former  minister  of  Stone- 
ham.  He  was  installed  over  the  first  Congregational  church  in 
Rehoboth,  April  18,  1759,  and  was  dismissed  by  request  Dec.  4, 
1764.  He  graduated  at  Cambridge  in  1742.  His  wife  was  Mary, 
a  daughter  of  Mr.  John  Lewis  of  Lynn.  He  died  at  Lynn,  October 
12,  1802,  aged  78  years.  From  the  time  of  the  death  of  the  latter 
Mr.  Greenwood,  the  affairs  of  the  town  and  the  churches  became 
distinct,  and  will  hereafter  be  so  related  in  our  history. 

From  the  following  record  in  the  church  book  it  appears  that 
some  opposition  was  made  to  the  settlement  of  Mr.  Games: — 


ANNALS  AND  RECORDS  107 

"The  council  that  installed  Mr.  Carnes  was  a  mutual  council, 
chosen  by  those  who  were  for  his  settlement  and  by  those  who 
opposed  it.  And  the  votes  of  the  council  were  unanimous  and  in 
favor  of  pastor  and  church." 

After  this  the  disaffection,  instead  of  abating,  grew  more  pro- 
nounced, much  to  the  annoyance  of  the  pastor  and  his  friends. 
''Councils  were  called  and  results  drawn  up'*  without  revealing 
any  serious  objections  against  Mr.  Carnes. 

It  seems  to  have  been  a  case  of  personal  dislike  or  prejudice 
without  any  good  reason  for  it.  After  five  years,  the  difficulty 
still  persisting,  a  council  of  eight  churches  was  called,  to  which 
the  trouble  was  submitted,  the  "aggrieved  brethren,"  to  the  num- 
ber of  forty-two,  signing  an  agreement  to  abide  by  its  decision. 

The  council,  finding  nothing  inconsistent  with  either  the  Chris- 
tian or  ministerial  character  of  Mr.  Carnes,  commended  him  and 
advised  his  remaining.  "The  aggrieved,"  however,  instead  of 
quieting  down,  petitioned  the  General  Court  for  a  committee  to 
investigate  the  difficulty.  A  committee  of  five  were  sent  and  ex- 
amined the  conditions.  In  their  report  they  commended  the  pas- 
tor as  "blameless,  having  approved  himself  a  good  minister  of 
Jesus  Christ;  but  there  appeared  an  unhappy  alienation  of  af- 
fection in  his  people  to  him  and  incurable,  which  was  the  true 
cause  of  our  advising  to  his  separation." 

In  compliance  with  this  advice,  and  by  his  own  request,  Mr. 
Carnes  was  dismissed  from  the  pastoral  relation  to  this  church, 
Dec.  4,  1764,  by  a  council  which  met  at  his  house.  So  ended  this 
pastorate  of  four  years  and  eight  months,  which  had  been  un- 
comfortable to  both  parties,  and  barren  of  spiritual  results. 

Mr.  Carnes  removed  to  Boston,  his  native  place,  whence  in 
1776  he  entered  the  American  Army  as  chaplain  and  continued 
to  the  close  of  the  war. 

He  afterwards  resided  in  Lynn,  where  he  was  justice  of  the 
peace,  and  for  nine  years  representative  to  the  General  Court, 
and  in  1788  he  was  a  member  of  the  convention  to  ratify  the 
Constitution  of  the  United  States. 

May  14,  1766,  the  Rev.  Ephraim  Hyde  was  ordained  pastor 
of  the  First  Congregational  Church  in  Rehoboth,  in  the  place  of 
Rev.  John  Carnes. 

Mr.  Hyde  was  a  native  of  Pomfret,  Ct.,  graduated  at  Yale 
College  in  1758,  married,  in  1767,  Mary  Angier,  daughter  of  the 


106  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Rev.  John  Angier,  the  first  minister  of  the  east  parish  of  Bridge- 
water.  They  had  five  children.  He  was  pastor  of  this  church 
seventeen  years,  and  was  much  beloved  by  his  people.  He  died 
October  11»  1783,  aged  forty-five  years,  and  was  interred  in  the 
old  burying-ground  near  his  church. 

On  the  death  of  her  husband,  Mrs.  Hyde,  with  her  children, 
returned  to  Bridgewater,  where  she  died  in  1788,  aged  forty-eight. 

Mr.  Hyde  was  succeeded  by  Rev.  John  Ellis.  He  was  bom  at 
Cambridge,  Mass.,  in  1727,  and  graduated  at  Cambridge  Univer- 
sity in  1750.  He  preached  at  Norwich,  Ct.,  till  the  commence- 
ment of  the  Revolutionary  War,  when  he  entered  the  American 
Army  as  chaplain  and  continued  during  the  whole  war.  He  was 
installed  over  this  church  March  30,  1785,  and  dismissed,  at  his 
own  request,  in  1796,  in  consequence  of  old  age  and  infirmities. 
He  died  at  Norwich,  Ct.,  in  1805  or  1806  at  the  age  of  seventy- 
eight. 

His  son,  James  Ellis,  Esq.,  graduated  at  Brown  University, 
studied  law,  and  located  himself  for  a  while  at  Rehoboth,  whence 
he  removed  to  Taunton. 

During  Mr.  Ellis's  ministry  here  he  was  involved  in  a  long  series 
of  difficulties  which  greatly  hindered  his  usefulness  and  aroused 
much  ill-will  and  bitter  controversy.  For  this  unsavory  wrangle 
among  men  professedly  religious,  the  precinct  system  was  in  part 
responsible.  Owing  to  changed  religious  conditions  since  its  adop- 
tion some  thirty  years  previously,  it  had  become  incompetent  for 
its  purpose,  which  was  to  finance  the  church. 

The  Congregationalists  who  owned  the  church  property,  and 
for  whose  benefit  the  system  had  been  devised,  were  now  a  minor- 
ity. To  tax  the  whole  precinct  for  the  benefit  of  the  Congrega- 
tional Church  and  Society,  while  not  illegal,  had  come  to  mean 
"taxation  without  representation." 

At  a  meeting  legally  called,  the  precinct  voted  to  pay  the  Rev. 
John  Ellis  one  hundred  pounds  a  year,  to  be  raised,  so  far  as  needful, 
by  a  tax  on  the  polls  and  estates  of  the  inhabitants  of  the  precinct. 
Although  by  this  action  the  whole  precinct  was  legally  held  for  the 
minister's  salary,  it  seemed  to  create  no  friction  at  the  time. 
The  pinch  was  to  come  later.  It  should  be  said  that  at  this  period 
there  were  several  Baptist  bodies  in  town  whose  ministers  were 
often  unlettered  men  who  received  little  or  no  compensation  for 
preaching,  and  who  were  wont  to  denounce  ''hireling  priests*'  and 


ANNALS  AND  RECORDS  109 

an  educated  ministry^  and  naturally  their  people  shared  these 
convictions.  Backus,  the  Baptist  historian,  says  with  reference 
to  the  manner  of  raising  Mr.  Ellis's  salary,  'This  sum  (100  pounds) 
was  voted  by  but  little  more  than  twenty  men,  and  near  three 
hundred  men  were  taxed  to  pay  for  it."  Of  course  the  three  hun- 
dred ought  to  have  attended  the  meeting  and  voted  their  con- 
victions, and  saved  themselves  from  the  unhappy  consequences 
of  their  neglect. 

However,  the  vote  was  not  carried  into  effect,  and  at  the  end 
of  four  years  Mr.  Ellis  had  received  no  part  of  his  salary.  At  the 
earnest  solicitation  of  his  friends,  a  meeting  of  the  precinct  was 
called  and  assessors  chosen  to  collect  money  sufficient  to  discharge 
the  first  year's  salary.  An  officer  was  sent  out  with  the  "rate- 
streaks"  and  warrant  to  make  the  collection,  but  he  encountered 
strong  opposition.  The  idea  of  a  tax  for  the  minister's  support 
had  become  odious.  The  act  was  declared  to  be  criminal  and  even 
the  minister  was  not  spared.  Little  money  was  collected  and  Mr. 
Ellis  received  nothing.  The  method  had  failed  and  the  people 
were  aroused.  The  precinct  determined  to  stop  all  collections 
and  to  pay  no  back  dues. 

At  length  five  years  had  passed  and  Mr.  Ellis  had  received  very 
little  money  except  voluntary  offerings  from  his  friends.  Finding 
himself  in  debt  and  sorely  straitened  for  funds,  he  sued  the  pre- 
cinct for  his  salary.  The  suit  was  tried  in  the  court  of  common 
pleas,  by  a  jury,  who  gave  in  for  the  plaintiff.  The  precinct  ap- 
pealed to  the  Supreme  Judicial  Court,  where  they  were  again  de- 
feated and  Mr.  Ellis  had  judgment  in  his  favor. 

Nettled  by  these  decisions,  the  precinct  sought  to  get  rid  of  the 
minister.  At  a  meeting  held  February  7, 1791,  it  was  voted"  that 
the  precinct  do  not  agree  that  the  Rev.  John  Ellis  shall  officiate 
as  a  minister  in  said  precinct,  at  the  expense  of  said  precinct." 

At  a  meeting  lawfully  called,  and  held  Sept.  5th  of  the  same 
year,  the  precinct  made  in  substance  the  following  proposition: — 
That  if  the  society  attending  on  the  Rev.  Mr.  John  Ellis's 
preaching  would  pay  all  arrearages  in  Mr.  Ellis's  salary,  and  all  the 
costs  and  charges  of  the  court  in  the  recent  law-suits  and  guarantee 
the  precinct  against  any  future  tax  or  suit  for  a  like  purpose,  the 
precinct  would  agree  to  allow  the  society  the  interest  arbing  on 
the  precinct's  money  and  the  use  of  the  precinct's  meeting-house. 
The  Congregational  Society  took  no  notice  of  this  offer,  knowing 


110  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

that  the  property  belonged  to  them  by  the  conditions  on  which 
it  was  given. 

The  precinct's  next  move  was  to  shut  Mr.  Ellis  and  his  people 
from  the  meeting-house.  This  they  did  on  Sunday  Oct.  24, 1791. 
Going  to  church  as  usual,  they  found  the  doors  closed  and  barred 
and  the  house  guarded  and  were  forced  to  retire.  The  next  Sunday 
they  found  the  conditions  similiar,  but  after  a  time  the  doors  were 
opened  and  a  Mr.  Northrup,  a  Baptist  elder,  quickly  entered  the 
pulpit.  Soon  after,  Mr.  Ellis  came  in  and  advanced  toward  the 
pulpit,  but  when  he  came  to  the  stairs,  he  was  so  violently  op- 
posed by  two  men  seated  on  them  for  that  purpose  that  he  found 
it  impracticable  to  proceed.  The  men  who  were  seated  on  the 
stairs  and  made  the  forcible  resistance  were  afterwards  arrested 
and  sentenced  to  pay  the  costs  of  prosecution,  amounting  to 
ninety-five  pounds,  fifteen  shillings  and  eleven  pence.  "A  high 
price,**  says  the  narrator,  "for  a  seat  upon  the  stairs  in  a  decayed 
meeting-house.** 

The  Sunday  following,  however,  Mr.  Ellis  found  the  pulpit 
stairs  doubly  guarded  and  the  Rev.  Isaac  Backus,  the  Baptist 
author,  in  the  pulpit. 

Mr.  Ellis  and  his  people  being  now  convinced  that  the  object 
of  the  precinct  was  to  introduce  and  establish  a  Baptist  denomina- 
tion, and  wholly  shut  them  out  of  the  meeting-house,  repaired  to 
Mr.  Ellis*s  bouse  and  were  compelled,  for  a  while,  to  worship  in 
private  bouses. 

The  precinct  appointed  a  supply  committee  consisting  of  Bap- 
tists, and  directed  them  to  hire  the  Rev.  Philip  Slade,  a  Baptist 
elder,  for  three  months. 

Mr.  Ellis  and  his  society  could  see  but  one  way  out  of  the  diffi- 
culty, and  that  was  to  petition  the  General  Court  for  an  act  of 
incorporation  making  them  an  independent  body  politic. 

The  precinct  used  every  means  to  defeat  the  purpose  of  the  peti- 
tioners, but  without  avail. 

The  General  Court,  believing  the  petitioners  to  have  been  in- 
jured and  that  their  religious  rights  had  been  invaded,  granted 
their  request  and  they  were  incorporated  by  the  name  of  the 
Congregational  Society  of  the  first  precinct  of  the  town  of  Reho- 
both,  June  23, 1792,  at  the  same  time  the  act  of  1762  incorporating 
the  first  precinct  was  repealed. 

The  trustees  of  the  incorporated  society  promptly  demanded 


ANNALS  AND  RECOIIDS  111 

of  the  precinct  the  meeting-house  and  also  the  money  which  had 
been  entrusted  to  them  for  the  support  of  the  Congregational 
minister. 

The  precinct  refused  compliance,  and  continued  to  hold  the 
meeting-house  and  to  make  whatever  use  of  the  money  they 
pleased.  The  incorporated  society  now  invoked  the  strong  arm 
of  the  law  to  secure  their  rights.  Two  actions  were  commenced: 
one  a  civil  suit  for  recovery  of  the  fund;  the  other  was  brought 
under  the  statute  of  forcible  entry  and  detainer.  The  Society 
must  prove  that  the  house  was  forcibly  detained  from  them,  by 
actually  attempting  to  enter  and  take  possession.  This  resulted 
in  what  is  known  as  *'The  Long  Meeting,*^ 

Mr.  Ellis,  on  repairing  to  the  church  Sunday  morning,  found 
the  desk  occupied  by  Elder  Philip  Slade  and  several  others  who 
were  determined  to  monopolize  the  service.  When  the  trustees 
demanded  the  pulpit  for  their  minister,  the  elder  began  to  read 
rapidly  in  a  loud  voice  so  as  to  drown  all  other  voices.  After  a 
time  one  of  the  trustees  rose  and  commanded  silence  and  urged 
the  right  of  the  Society  to  occupy  the  house.  But  disregarding 
him,  the  elder  with  his  assistants  were  in  constant  employ,  read- 
ing, singing  and  exhorting,  while  the  sympatlietic  hearers  re- 
sponded in  loud  vociferations.  These  excercises  continued  pas- 
sionately from  nine  o'clock  in  the  morning  till  nine  o'clock  in  the 
evening.  Notice  was  given  that  Mr.  Ellis  would  lecture  the  next 
morning  at  nine  o'clock.  Some  of  both  parties  remained  in  the 
church  over  night.  The  following  morning,  when  the  trustees 
tried  to  get  the  desk  for  Mr.  Ellis,  '*cIamor,  jargon  and  confusion 
ensued.*'  And  so  by  changing  exhorters  the  exercises  went  on 
through  that  day  and  the  next  and  every  succeeding  day  for  about 
two  weeks,  effectually  excluding  Mr.  Ellis  from  the  pulpit.  Finally, 
both  parties,  wearied  with  the  strife,  withdrew,  and  under  the 
statute  above  referred  to,  the  Congregationalists  had  possession 
of  the  meeting-house.  The  precinct  retaliated  by  procuring  a 
writ  of  ejectment.  This  brought  the  title  of  the  meeting-house 
squarely  in  question.  After  a  while  the  case  came  to  trial  and  also 
the  action  for  the  recovery  of  the  fund,  and  in  both  the  Society 
were  successful. 

From  these  decisions  the  precinct  appealed  to  the  Supreme 
Judicial  Court;  at  Taunton,  in  the  October  term,  1794,  both  cases 
were  tried  and  determined.    Learned  counsel  were  employed  on 


112  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

both  sides*  in  a  hearing  which  lasted  two  days  and  a  half,  with  the 
result  that  the  juries  returned  a  verdict  in  favor  of  the  Congre- 
gational Society,  and  the  controversy  was  ended. 

From  this  account  we  suggest  the  following  observations: 

1.  The  precinct  system  of  raising  money  to  pay  the  minister 
was  but  a  repetition  of  the  former  town  system  and  failed  for  the 
same  reason,  viz.:  An  increasing  population  and  a  changing  reli- 
gious belief. 

2.  The  attempt  to  tax  a  community  for  the  support  of  religion 
was  evidently  unsound  in  principle  and  offensive  in  practice. 

3.  The  Congregationalists  of  the  first  precinct,  knowing  that 
many  of  the  inhabitants  were  of  other  sects,  should  have  avoided 
the  issue  of  a  religious  tax.  The  example  of  the  second  precinct 
should  have  led  them  to  shun  this  error,  as  it  taxed  only  those 
"inhabitants  who  attend  this  meeting.*'  In  one  instance  six 
pounds  were  refunded  to  persons  who  had  been  unwittingly 
assessed. 

4.  Had  a  majority  of  the  voters  of  the  first  precinct  done  their 
duty  at  the  polls,  they  would  have  avoided  a  harmful  and  far- 
reaching  scandal. 

Mr.  Ellis  was  succeeded  by  Rev.  John  Hill,  a  native  of  Lewiston, 
Delaware.  He  was  bom  Feb.  11,  1759;  was  educated  at  Lewis- 
ton,  and  began  to  preach  Nov.  29,  1787.  His  wife  was  Miss  Roby 
Bowen,  who  was  born  in  Coventry,  R.I.,  Nov.  29,  1766.  They 
were  married  Sep.  1,  1794.  They  had  two  children,  Sarah  and 
Martha  V.  Mr.  Hill  began  as  an  itinerant  Methodist,  preaching 
in  Lynn,  Waltham,  Boston,  and  also  in  the  Southern  States,  and 
taught  school  for  eight  years  in  Warren,  R.I.  He  was  installed  over 
this  church  Sept.  22,  1802. 

In  addition  to  his  pastoral  work  he  kept  a  private  school,  teach- 
ing the  Hebrew,  Greek  and  Latin  languages,  as  well  as  English 
literature.  Mr.  Hill  was  a  popular  teacher  and  much  loved  by 
his  people,  including  the  children  and  youth.  He  continued  his 
pastoral  services  up  to  and  including  the  Sabbath  preceding  his 
death,  which  occurred  in  1816. 

Here  follows  a  list  of  the  pastors  of  the  Newman  Church  and 
their  time  of  service,  to  the  division  of  the  town  in  1812: — 

Rev.  Samuel  Newman,  1643-1663. 

Rev.  Zachariah  Symes,  1663-1666;  on  account  of  infirm  health. 


ANNALS  AND  RECORDS  113 

Rev.  John  Miles  was  engaged  for  a  time  to  lighten  his  labors. 

(Pages  49,  50,  51,  52.) 
Rev.  Noah  Newman,  1668-1678.     (Pages  58,  59,  60,  61,  88.) 
Rev.  Samuel  Angier,  1679-1092-93.     (Pages  89,  90,  96.) 
Rev.  Thomas  Greenwood,  1693-1720.     (Pages  97,  102.) 
Rev.  John  Greenwood,  1721-1757.     (Pages  102,  105,  106.) 
Rev.  John  Carnes,  1759-1764.     (Pages  106,  107.) 
Rev.  Ephraim  Hyde,  1766^1783.     (Pages  107,  108.) 
Rev.  John  Ellis,  1785-1796.     (Pages  108-112.) 
Rev.  John  Hill,  1802-1816.     (Page  112.) 

From  1759  to  1772  the  town  raised  annually,  for  the  support  of 
schools,  80  pounds,  with  the  exception  of  the  year  1677,  when  100 
pounds  were  raised. 

In  1760  the  term  "dollars'*  occurs  in  the  town  records  for  the 
first  time. 

In  1763  the  town  "voted  to  petition  the  General  Court  for  a 
lottery  in  order  to  raise  a  sufficient  sum  of  money  to  build  a  work- 
house for  the  use  of  the  poor  of  the  town.*' 

In  1772  the  town  "voted  for  schooling  to  be  added  to  the  profits 
of  the  school  land  £93.  13^."  From  1772  to  1778  the  town  raised 
annually  for  the  support  of  schools  the  sum  of  £90;  in  1778, 
£200;  in  1779,  £300  were  raised  for  the  same  object. 


8 


CHAPTER  in 

THE  REVOLUTIONARY  WAR  AND  EVENTS 

FOLLOWING 

In  our  survey  of  the  history  of  Rehoboth»  we  have  now  come  to 
the  period  of  the  Revolutionary  War,  which  had  its  beginning 
with  the  alarm  of  April  19,  1775,  and  its  close  with  the  Peace  of 
Paris,  September  3,  1783.  We  have  but  scanty  materials  for 
our  history,  but  the  few  we  have  reveal  a  spirit  of  loyalty  and 
patriotic  seal  for  the  rights  of  the  people.  Among  the  causes 
leading  to  the  war  may  be  mentioned  the  treaty  of  1748,  in  which 
England  restored  Louisburg  to  the  French  without  the  consent 
of  the  Americans;  the  Stamp  Act  which  required  Government 
stamps  to  be  affixed  on  all  legal  documents  executed  in  the  Ameri- 
can Colonies;  and  the  Quartering  Act  which  required  the  colonists 
to  find  lodging  and  provisions  for  the  British  troops.  All  these 
oppressions  by  the  English  Government  aroused  the  colonists 
to  declare  their  independence  and  to  take  up  arms  against  the 
King,  '^he  eloquence  of  Otis  had  electrified  New  England: 
one  spirit  now  inspired  every  breast.  The  people  thought  and  felt 
and  acted  as  one.  And  the  sentiment  which  pervaded  alike  the 
colonial  assembly,  the  county  convention  and  the  town  meeting 
throughout  Massachusetts,  was  a  settled  and  firm  resolve  to  re- 
sist to  the  last  extremity  every  encroachment  upon  their  rights, 
and  to  maintain  those  rights  at  all  hazards."  The  men  of  Re- 
hoboth  were  mostly  farmers  with  a  natural  love  of  thrift  and  in- 
dependence, and  the  patriotic  instructions  they  gave  to  their 
representative  in  1773  have  the  strong,  steady  glow  of  anthracite 
and  the  clear  ring  of  a  silver  coin. 

"To  Captain    Joseph   Barney,   Representative  for  the  town  of 

Rehoboth. 

''Sir, 
"It  is  evident  from  the  repeated  suffrages  of  the  freeholders 
and  other  inhabitants  of  this  town,  that  your  late  conduct  in  the 
General  Assembly  of  this  Province  has  met  with  a  favourable 
reception.  With  pleasing  hopes  and  expectations  we  trust  you 
will,  in  this  day  of  general  oppression  and  invasion  of  our  natural 
and  inherent  rights  and  liberties,  join  in  every  salutary  and  con- 

r..  .1 


THE  REVOLUTIONARY  WAR  116 

stitutional  measure  to  remove  those  unconstitutional  burdens 
and  grievances,  that  this  Province  and  America  in  general  have 
long  and  justly  remonstrated  against.  Nevertheless*  we  think 
it  our  duty  to  express  our  sentiments  in  regard  to  the  encroach- 
ments made  on  our  rights  and  liberties,  as  stated  by  the  worthy 
inhabitants  of  the  metropolis  of  this  Province,  whose  loyalty,  vigi- 
lance, and  patroitic  zeal,  in  this  time  of  common  danger,  has 
not  been  equalled  in  the  present  nor  exceeded  in  former  times; 
of  which  we  have  the  highest  opinion,  and  shall  ever  acknowledge 
with  gratitude:  the  particulars  of  which  we  do  not  think  ex- 
pedient to  enumerate,  but  refer  you  to  a  pamphlet^  (for  your 
careful  perusal),  sent  from  Boston  to  this  and  every  other  town 
in  the  Province;  which,  (upon  the  most  careful  and  critical  ex- 
amination), we  humbly  conceive  very  justly  states  our  rights  and 
privileges  as  men,  as  subjects,  as  christians,  and  the  unparalleled 
encroachments  made  on  them  by  a  ministry,  who,  fond  of  arbitrary 
sway,  in  open  violation  of  the  most  sacred  contract  and  agree- 
ment, entered  into  with  our  predecessors,  the  patentees  of  this 
Erovince,  and  solemnly  ratified  by  king  William  and  queen  Mary, 
ave  hitherto  with  impunity  profanely  violated  the  faith  and 
promise  of  a  king,  on  whose  royal  word  we  made  the  most  firm 
and  indubitable  reliance,  and  have  involved  this  province  and 
continent  in  the  utmost  distress  and  calamity,  and  in  its  con- 
sequences have  deeply  affected  the  parent  state,  whose  prosperity 
and  happiness  we  have  ever  considered  as  near  and  dear  to  us  as 
our  own.  And  it  now  is,  and  ever  has  been,  our  earnest  desire 
and  prayer,  that  there  may  never  be  wanting  one  of  the  illustrious 
House  of  Hanover  to  sway  the  sceptre  of  Great  Britian  and  Amer- 
ica, in  righteousness,  so  long  as  the  sun  and  moon  shall  endure. 

"We,  your  constituents,  desire  and  emect  that  you  exert  your- 
setf  to  the  utmost  of  your  ability,  not  only  to  secure  our  remaining 
privileges  inviolable,  but  also  to  obtain  a  full  redress  of  all  those 
many  grievances,  so  justly  complained  of, — a  full  restoration  and 
confirmation  of  all  the  rights  and  privileges  we  are  justly  entitled 
to  by  nature  and  the  solemn  compact,  aforesaid;  that  generations 
yet  unborn  may  know,  that  this  town  have  not  been  dormant, 
while  the  enemies  thereof  have  been  vigilant  and  active,  to  wrest 
from  them  every  privilege  and  blessing,  that  renders  life  worthy 
of  enjoyment. 

"We  trust  you  will  be  vigilant  even  among  your  brethren, 
lest  some  of  them,  through  sinister  views  or  ambitious  designs, 
be  induced  to  barter  away  and  betray  our  dear-bought  privileges 
and  liberties,  together  with  this  our  paternal  inheritance,  estab- 
lished with  so  much  toil,  and  raised  to  such  a  height  of  clory, 
and  transmitted  down  to  us  at  no  less  price  than  the  blood  and 

>  This  was  a  pamphlet  published  by  Mr.  Otis,  entitled  "The  Rights  of  the 
British  Colonies  asserted  and  proved." 


116  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

treasure  of  our  ancestors.  Though  we  hope  and  presume,  there 
will  not  be  found  a  man  in  that  august  assembly,  so  abandoned, 
so  profane,  so  enthusiastic,  so  mad,  as  to  disturb  the  repose  of 
the  pious  dead,  and  bring  upon  himself  not  only  the  just  indigna- 
tion of  all  the  virtuous,  but  the  ire  of  that  diead  Sovereign,  be> 
neath  whose  aweful  frown  audacious  monarchs  and  their  minions 
tremble. 

'*We  present  these  hints  to  vour  judicious  consideration,  and 
wish  that  not  only  you,  but  all  the  true  friends  to  the  English 
constitution,  may  be  guided  in  the  path  of  wisdom  and  equity, 
and  never  be  diverted  from  the  steady  pursuit  of  the  true  mter- 
ests  of  yourselves,  your  king,  your  country,  and  posterity. 

Ephraim  Starkweather, 
Nathan  Daggett, 
Thomas  Carpenter,  3d, 
John  Lyon, 
Joseph  Bridgham, 
William  Cole, 


CommiUee 

of 
Correspondence. 


The  following  are  some  of  the  most  interesting  votes  and  re- 
solves passed  by  the  town  during  the  period  of  the  Revolution 
and  havmg  relation  to  that  war: 

'"July  25,  1774.  Voted  by  a  great  majority,  that  the  sum  of 
£5. 3«.  8d.  be  drawn  out  of  the  town  treasury,  for  the  use  of  the 
committee  of  this  province,  that  are  to  meet  in  the  General  Con- 
gress; it  being  Rehoboth's  proportionable  part  of  the  money  to 
be  ordered  out  of  the  treasury  by  the  selectmen. 

"Voted  not  to  purchase  any  goods,  imported  from  Great  Britain, 
after  the  31st  day  of  August  next,  until  the  act  for  blocking  up 
the  harbour  of  Boston  be  repealed,  and  the  government  be  re- 
stored to  its  former  privileges.'*  "Likewise  voted  that  the  town 
clerk  transmit  a  copy  of  the  transactions  of  this  meeting  to  the 
clerk  of  the  Corresponding  Committee  in  Boston." 

'•September  19,  1774.  The  town  chose  Maj.  Timothy  Walker 
and  Capt.  John  Wheeler  delegates  to  attend  the  proposed  Provin- 
cial Congress,  on  the  second  Tuesday  of  October  next,  at  Con- 
cord, or  any  other  time  or  place  that  the  major  part  of  the  del- 
egates of  said  province  may  agree  upon."^ 

*  From  the  records  in  the  secretary's  office  we  have  the  following  account  of 
the  different  Provincial  Congresses: — 

Fir$t  Congre$$. 
Convened  at  Salem,  Oct.  7,  1774;  adjourned  the  same  day. 
Convened  at  Concord,  Tuesd.  Oct.  11;  adjourned  Sat.  I5ln,  same  month. 
Convened  at  Cambridge,  Mond.  Oct.  17;  adjourned  Sat.  29th,  do. 
Convened  at  Cambridge,  Wed.  Nov.  23;   dissolved  Sat.  Dec.  10th. 


THE  REVOLUTIONARY  WAR  117 

"October  3,  1774.  The  town  chose  Capt.  Thomas  Carpenter 
a  delegate  for  the  Provincial  Congress,  in  the  room  of  Capt.  John 
Wheeler,  that  is  dismissed." 

"November  21,  1774.  Voted  to  accept  of,  and  abide  by,  the 
results  of  the  Provincial  Congress."  "Voted  that  every  constable, 
collector,  or  person,  who  have  in  their  hands,  or  that  may  here- 
after have,  any  of  the  province's  monies,  that  they  pay  the  same 
to  Henry  Gardner,  Esq.,  of  Stow,  instead  of  the  Hon.  Harrison 
Gray,  Esq.  and  that  they  produce  his  receipt,  which  shall  be  a 
full  and  effectual  discharge  for  the  same,  agreeable  to  a  resolve  of 
the  Provincial  Congress,  October  28th,  1774:  to  the  whole  of 
which  resolve  we  promise  and  engage  faithfully  to  adhere  in  all 
its  parts." 

"January  2,  1775.  The  town  chose  Maj.  Timothy  Walker  and 
Capt.  Thomas  Carpenter  delegates  to  attend  the  Provincial  Con- 
gress to  be  holden  at  Cambridge,  on  the  first  day  of  February  next." 

The  Rev.  Ephraim  Hyde's  parish  (then  the  first  Congregational 
society  in  Rehoboth,  now  in  East  Providence,  R.I.),  contributed 
£6,  "for  the  relief  and  support  of  tlie  poor  of  Boston,  sufferers 
by  means  of  the  Boston  Port-Bill." 

The  receipt  of  £10  is  acknowledged  by  Henry  Gardner,  Esq.; 

treasurer  of  the  Provincial  Congress,  as  a  "part  of  the  province*s 

tax,  set  on  the  town  of  Rehoboth  by  the  General  Court." 

"May  26,  1775.  Voted  to  raise  two  companies  in  this  town  to 
be  ready  on  any  special  alarm;  one  company  to  be  raised  in  the 
westerly  part,  and  the  other  in  the  easterly  part  of  said  town. 
Likewise  voted  that  every  soldier,  enlisting  to  be  a  minute  man, 
on  alarm  shall  have  three  shillings  a  day,  he  finding  himself,  if 
called  into  service,  until  they  come  to  draw  provisions  out  of  the 
provision  stores;  and  then  to  have  two  shillings  a  day,  for  each 
day,  until  they  return  home  again  except  they  shall  be  paid  by 
the  province."  "Also  voted  that  the  selectmen  divide  the  town 
stock  of  ammunition,  the  one  half  for  the  west  part  of  the  town, 
the  other  half  for  the  east  part." 

"June  12,  1775.  Voted  that  the  selectmen  provide  for  the  poor 
of  the  town  of  Boston,  that  are,  or  shall  be,  sent  to  this  town,  upon 
the  town's  credit."  "Also  voted  that  there  be  fifty  men  in  each 
special  alarm  company,  exclusive  of  officers;  and  that  the  captains 

Second  Congresi, 
Convened  at  Cambridge,  Wed.  Feb.  1775;   adjourned  Thursd.  16th,  same 
month. 

Convened  at  Concord,  Tuesd.  March  22;  adjourned  Sat.  April  15th. 
Convened  at  Concord,  Sat.  April  22;  adjourned  the  same  day. 
Convened  at  Watertown,  Mond.  April  24;  dissolved  May  20th. 

Third  Congress, 
Convened  at  Watertown,  May  31,  1775;  dissolved  July  19th. 


118  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

of  each  company  provide  a  man  with  a  hone-cart  and  two  horses* 
in  order  to  carry  the  baggage  of  the  companies  in  case  of  alarm/* 

November  6»  1775.  The  town  *' voted  to  borrow  four  pieces 
of  cannon  of  Capt.  John  Lyon  and  Mr.  Nathan  Daggett**;  and 
voted  "the  sum  of  £60  to  defray  the  charges  of  mounting  said 
cannon*  and  providing  ammunition  and  other  utensik  that  shall 
be  needful  for  the  same."  Also  chose  "a  committee,  to  wait  on 
a  committee  of  the  town  of  Providence,  to  consult  on  fortifying 
Hog-pen  Point.** 

"November  13,  1775.  Voted  it  expedient  to  fortify  Hog-pen 
Point,  and  chose  a  committee  to  oversee  the  business." 

This  point  is  in  Seekonk,  and  traces  of  the  fortification  are  still 
to  be  seen.     (1836.) 

"January  1,  1776.  The  town  voted  to  raise  the  sum  of  £118. 
lis.  to  procure  a  town  stock  of  powder  and  small  arms." 

"February  12,  1776.  Voted  to  encourage  the  manufacturing 
of  saltpetre  in  private  families,  by  affording  them  the  materials 
they  can  get  without  doing  damage.** 

Considerable  quantities  of  saltpetre,  it  is  said,  were  manufac- 
tured in  the  town  during  the  period  of  the  Revolution;  and  a 
manufactory  was  set  up  near  the  Cove  Factory,  in  Seekonk,  for 
the  purpose  of  making  it. 

"April  14,  1776.  Voted  to  raise  a  bounty  of  £20  to  every 
soldier  that  shall  enlist  into  the  continental  army,  for  three  years, 
or  during  the  war,  provided  they  enlist  into  the  said  army  within 
ten  days.'* 

This  bounty,  by  vote  of  the  town.  May  19,  1777,  was  extended 
to  every  soldier  that  had  enlisted  for  the  same  term  since  the 
former  vote,  or  who  should  enlist  within  twenty  days  of  the  last 
date.  And  by  another  vote,  passed  June  30th,  the  same  bounty 
was  farther  extended  to  all  who  should  enlist  into  the  Continental 
army  within  two  months  from  that  date. 

"May  18, 1778.  Voted  to  raise  the  sum  of  £720,  for  the  raising 
of  soldiers  for  the  continental  army,  for  nine  months.** 

"September  7,  1778.  Voted  to  grant  the  sum  of  £463.  4s.  for 
clothing,  purchased  by  the  selectmen,  agreeable  to  an  order  of 
Court,  for  the  continental  soldiers  that  enlisted  into  the  service.** 

"April  19,  1779.  A  committee  was  appointed  by  the  town,  to 
provide  for  the  soldiers'  families.*' 


THE  REVOLUTIONARY  WAR  119 

"Ma^  5,  1779.  Voted  that  the  sum  of  £1200  be  raised  by  a 
tax,  this  spring,  and  paid  into  the  town  treasury,  to  be  ordered 
out  of  said  treasury  by  the  selectmen,  to  the  committee  that  take 
care  of  the  soldiers'  families,  if  needed." 

"May  19,  1779.  Voted  to  raise  the  sum  of  £3,000  for  providing 
men,  when  called  for  from  the  authority,  to  go  into  the  service 
as  soldiers.** 


"October  23,  1780.  Voted  to  raise  the  sum  of  £26,400  for  the 
purpose  of  raising  the  town's  quota  of  beef.'* 

This  quota  was  42,106  pounds.  These  immense  sums  were  re- 
quired to  be  raised  in  consequence  of  the  great  depreciation  of 
the  value  of  the  paper  currency  issued  by  the  Continental  Con- 
gress.^ The  whole  amount  of  money  raised  by  the  town,  this 
year,  for  its  necessary  charges,  was  the  sum  of  £50,527.  4^. 

"April  1,  1782.  Voted  that  the  town  treasurer  be  instructed 
to  sell  the  new  emission  money,  three  dollars  for  one  hard  dollar.'* 

This  year,  from  the  town,  "The  Hon.  John  Hancock  had  23 
votes  for  Governour,"  and  "Doct.  Joseph  Bridgham  had  1 1  votes 
for  Governour." 

From  the  "Journals  and  Resolves  of  Massachusetts"  we  glean 
the  few  following  additional  particulars  respecting  the  number 
of  men,  etc.,  to  be  furnished  by  Rehoboth,  at  several  different 
times,  when  drafts  of  men  were  called  for:  For  the  reinforcement, 
voted  to  be  raised  in  Massachusetts  and  "sent  to  the  camp  at 
Cambridge  or  Roxbury,  as  his  Excellency  General  Washington 
shall  direct,"  the  proportion  of  Rehoboth  was  74  men.  The  pro- 
portion of  Rehoboth  of  the  men  raised  by  Massachusetts  "for 
filling  and  completing  the  fifteen  battalions  of  continental  troops," 
was  24.  Rehoboth *s  proportion  of  the  men  to  be  raised  "for  re- 
enforcing  the  continental  army,"  according  to  a  resolve  passed 
June  8,  1779,  was  22.  In  1781,  Massachusetts  was  ordered  to 
raise  4,626,178  lbs.  of  beef,  of  which  the  proportion  of  Rehoboth 
was  42,106  lbs.    Of  the  4,726  men  voted  to  be  raised  by  Massachu- 

'  Congress  first  issued  bills  of  credit  in  June,  1775.  At  the  end  of  eighteen 
months  they  began  to  depreciate.  Towards  the  close  of  1777,  the  depreciation 
was  two  or  three  dollars  for  one;  in  1778,  five  or  six  for  one;  in  1779,  twenty- 
seven  or  twenty^ight  for  one;  in  1780.  fifty  or  sixty  for  one;  soon  to  one 
hundred  and  fifty  for  one;  and  finally  several  hundreds  for  one. 

April  5,  1787,  the  town  of  Rehoboth  had  on  hand  in  old  Continental  cur- 
rency, ;(1 1,755.  lU.  6d.,  also  a  writ  signed  by  Aaron  Miller  for  "paper  money" 
for  2:200. 


120  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

setts,  June,  1780,  for  three  months,  for  reinforcing  the  continental 
army,  the  proportion  of  Rehoboth  was  60. 

In  concluding  this  sketch  of  the  Revolutionary  affairs  of  the 
town  we  would  like  to  print  the  names  of  all  Rehoboth  soldiers,  of 
whom  more  than  fourteen  hundred  are  recorded  in  the  seventeen 
large  volumes  of  the  "Massachusetts  Soldiers  and  Sailors  of  the 
Revolutionary  War,"  but  for  lack  of  space  we  give  only  two  lists, 
including,  first,  the  minute-men  who  marched  on  the  alarm  of  the 
19th  of  April,  1775,  and  second,  the  Continental  soldiers. 

Pains  have  been  taken  to  make  these  lists  complete  and  accurate. 
For  other  Rehoboth  names,  and  for  exact  information  concerning 
these  listed  names,  we  refer  the  reader  to  the  State  volumes  which 
may  be  consulted  in  every  important  library  of  the  Common- 
wealth. Many  of  the  enlistments  were  for  short  periods  on  alarms 
from  Rhode  Island,  and  it  is  probable  that  nearly  every  able- 
bodied  man  in  town  was  called  to  service  at  some  time  during  the 
war.  Under  the  first  list  we  give  opposite  each  man's  name  the 
name  of  his  captain.  These  seven  captains,  all  residents  of  Re- 
hoboth, were:  Samuel  Bliss,  John  Perry,  Phanuel  Bishop,  Na- 
thaniel Carpenter,  Isaac  Burr,  John  Lyon,  and  Jesse  Perrin. 

The  companies  of  Captains  Lyon  and  Perrin,  being  small, 
were  returned  in  one  roll  as  if  they  together  commanded  a  single 
company.  The  same  is  true  of  the  companies  of  Captains  Car- 
penter and  Burr. 


M$n.  AprU  19.  1776  Caj4ain$ 

Abel,  Preserved  Perry 

Abell,  Robert  Perry 

Alger,  James  Bishop 

Allen,  John  Carpenter  and  Burr 

Allen,  John,  3d  Carpenter  and  Burr 

Allen,  Joseph,  Ensign  Bliss 

Allen,  Joseph  Bliss 

Allen,  Joseph,  4th  Carpenter  and  Burr 

Allen,  Josiah  Bishop 

Allen,  Noah  Bliss 

Allen,  Peleg  Bishop 

Allen,  Stephen,  Jr.  Bishop 

Allen,  Samuel  Bliss 

Allen,  Samuel,  1st  Lieut.  Carpenter  and  Burr 

Allen,  William  Bliss 

Amerson,  John  Lyon  and  Perrin 

Armington,  John  Lyon  and  Perrin 


THE  REVOLUTIONARY  WAR 


121 


Minute  Men,  April  19,  1775 

Armington,  William 
Barker,  John 
Barney,  Jonathan 
Barrows,  Nehemiah,  Jr. 
Bicknell,  Asa 
Bishop,  Demos 
Bishop,  Ebenezer 
Blake,  Josiah 
Blanding,  Christopher 
Bliss,  Abdul 
Bliss,  Amos 
Bliss,  Elisha 
Bliss,  Joshua 
Bliss,  Ephraim,  3d 
Bliss,  Noah 
Bliss,  Samuel,  Capt. 
Bordine,  Levi 
Bowen,  Bezaleel 
Bowen,  Eleazer 
Bowen,  Ichabod 
Bowen,  Simeon 
Bowen,  Simeon 
Bowers,  Asa 
Bowers,  Lemuel 
Braley,  William 
Bridgham,  William 
Brown,  Caleb 
Brown,  Elisha 
Brown,  Gideon 
Brown,  Isaac 
Brown,  John 
Brown,  John,  2d 
Brown,  Samuel 
Brown,  Samuel 
Brown,  Simeon 
Brown,  Thomas,  Serg. 
Bucklin,  James,  Ensign 
Bucklin,  John 
Bucklin,  Joseph 
Bullock,  Jabez 
Bullock,  James 
Bullock,  Preserved 
Campbell,  James 
Campbell,  Thomas 
Campbell,  Thomas 
Carpenter,  Benjamin 


Captain* 

Bishop 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Perry 

Bishop 

Bishop 

Perry 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Bishop 

Bliss 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Bliss 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Bliss 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Bliss 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Perry 

Perry 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Perry 

BLshop 

Bishop 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Perry 

Bishop 

Bishop 

Bishop 

Bishop 

Bliss 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Bishop 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Bishop 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Perry 

Bishop 

Bishop 

Bishop 

Bliss 

Bliss 

Perry 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Bliss 

Carpenter  and  Burr 


122 


HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 


Minute  Men,  Apnl  19,  1775 

Carpenter,  Caleb 
Carpenter,  Caleb,  2d 
Carpenter,  Caleb 
Carpenter,  Elisha,  Corp. 
Carpenter,  Elisha 
Carpenter,  Ephraim,  Corp. 
Carpenter,  Ezekiel 
Carpenter,  Phanuel 
Carpenter,  William 
Chaffee,  Charles 
Chaffee,  Nathaniel 
Comer,  Benjamin 
Cooper,  Abel 
Cashing,  Jacob,  Corp. 
Daggett,  Nathan,  2d  Lieut. 
Daggett,  William 
Drowne,  Jonathan 
Dryer,  John 
Fairbrother,  Richard 
Faribrother,  William 
Fisher,  Joshua,  Corp. 
Franklin,  Abel 
French,  Elkanah 
French,  Elkanah,  2d  Lieut. 
French,  James 
French,  Jonathan 
French,  John 
Fuller,  Isaiah 
Fuller,  Jacob 
Fuller,  Nathaniel 
Fuller,  Samuel,  Jr. 
Gage,  Benjamin 
Goff,  Amos 
Hill,  Comfort 
Hill,  James 
Hills,  David,  Serg. 
Hills,  James,  Serg. 
Hills,  Josiah 
Hills,  Stephen 
Hix,  Abel 
Hix,  Ilezekiah 
Hunt,  Joseph  W. 
Ide,  Daniel,  Serg. 
Ide,  John,  Corp. 
Ide,  Nathan,  Serg. 
Ide,  Nathaniel,  Serg. 


Caplaine 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Bishop 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Perry 

Bishop 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Bliss 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Bishop 

Bliss 

Bliss 

Perry 

Bliss 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Bishop 

Perry 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Bishop 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Perry 

Bliss 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Perry 

Perry 

Perry 

Bishop 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Bishop 

Bliss 

Bliss 

Bishop 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Bishop 


THE  REVOLUTIONARY  WAR 


123 


Minute  Men,  AprU  19,  1775 

Captains 

Ingals,  Joseph 

Bliss 

Ingraham,  John 

Perry 

Ingraham,  William 

Perry 

Jacobs,  Allen 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Jones,  Oliver 

Bliss 

Jones,  Samuel 

Perry 

Joy,  Joseph 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Kenedy,  Hugh 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Kent,  llemember 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Lake,  Elnathan 

Bliss 

Lake,  Laban 

Bliss 

Lake,  I^evi 

Bliss 

Lawrence,  George 

Bishop 

Lee,  James 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Lindley,  John 

Bishop 

Lyon,  Aaron,  Serg. 

Perry 

Lyon,  Samuel 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Macombcr,  Jonathan 

Bliss 

Martin,  Benjamin,  Corp. 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Martin,  Benjamin,  Jr. 

Bishop 

Martin,  Constant 

Bishop 

Mason,  Caleb 

Bishop 

Mason,  James 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Mason,  Levi 

Bishop 

Mason,  Pelatiah 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Medbury,  James 

Perry 

Medbury,  John 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Medbury,  Nathaniel 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Miller,  Peter 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Munro,  Nathan 

I-yon  and  Perrin 
Bliss 

Munro,  Samuel 

Nash,  Jonathan 

Bliss 

Newman,  John,  Serg. 

Bishop 

Newman,  Samuel,  Serg. 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Ormsbee,  Christopher,  Serg. 

Bliss 

Pain,  Nathaniel 

Bishop 

Paine,  John,  Lieut. 

Perry 

Pane,  Peleg 

Bishop 

Peck,  Amaziah 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Peck,  Charles 

I^yon  and  Perrin 

Peck,  Ebenezer,  Corp. 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Peck,  Oliver 

Bliss 

Peck,  Perez 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Peck,  Philip 

Bliss 

Peck,  Solomon 

Bliss 

Perrin,  David 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

124 


HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 


Minut$  Men,  AjrrU  19.  1775 

Perrin,  Lemuel 
Perry,  Anthony 
Perry,  Elijah 
Perry,  Jasiel 
Perry,  John,  Capt. 
Potter,  Ichabod 
Read,  Aaron,  Serg. 
Read,  Amos 
Read,  Ezra 
Read,  Jonathan 
Read,  Nathan,  Jr. 
Read,  Perez 
Read,  Peter 
Read,  Simeon 
Read,  Timothy,  2d  Lieut. 
Redaway,  Samuel 
Redaway,  Timothy 
Robinson,  Jonathan 
Shorey,  Jacob 
Shorey,  John,  Serg. 
Shorey,  Miles,  Serg. 
Slade,  William 
Smith,  Abial 
Smith,  Eleazer 
Smith,  John,  Serg. 
Smith,  Solomon 
Smith,  Stukeley 
Stanley,  Comfort 
Starkweather,  Ephraim 
Sutten,  Robert 
Thurber,  James 
Titus,  William 
Turner,  Ephraim 
Turner,  Nathan 
Turner,  Nathaniel 
Viall,  Samuel 
Wade,  Ichabod 
Walker,  Aaron,  Lieut. 
Walker,  Caleb 
Walker,  Enos 
Walker,  John,  Serg. 
Walker,  Moses,  1st  Lieut. 
Walker,  Timothy 
Wheeler,  Nathan 
Wheeler,  Valentine 
Wheeton,  Joseph 


Cajdaim 

Perry 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Bliss 

Bliss 

Perry 

Bishop 

Bliss 

Perry 

Perry 

Perry 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Bishop 

Bliss 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Perry 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Perry 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Bishop 

Bliss 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Bishop 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Carpenter  and  Burr 

Bliss 

BlUs 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Bliss 

Bliss 

Perry 

Perry 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Lyon  and  Perrin 

Bishop 

Bliss 

Bliss 

Perry 


THE  REVOLUTIONARY  WAR  125 

Minute  Men,  April  19,  1775  Caplaine 

Whitacor,  Richard,  Corp.  Lyon  and  Perrin 

Whitaker,  Peter  Peny 

Willard,  Ephraim  Bishop 

Wihnarth,  Thomas  Bishop 

William,  John,  Drummer  Perry 

Willson,  John,  Serg.  Perry 

Wood,  Lewis  Bishop 

Woodard,  Samuel  Lyon  and  Perrin 

The  length  of  service  on  this  first  alarm  of  the  war  was  about 
eight  days.  Immediately  after  this  Captains  Perry  and  Bliss  en- 
listed in  the  22d  regiment  commanded  by  Colonel  Timothy  Walker 
of  Rehoboth,  and  a  majority  of  their  men  also  were  mustered  into 
the  same  regiment.  They  were  designated  as  eight-months  men, 
but  their  actual  time  of  service  was  a  little  over  three  months. 

Besides  Colonel  Walker,  three  of  his  captains  belonged  to  Re- 
hoboth: Samuel  Bliss,  John  Perry,  and  Jacob  Fuller;  also  Lieu- 
tenants John  Paine  and  Aaron  Walker,  and  Ensigns  James  Bucklin 
and  Joseph  Allen. 

In  September  of  1776  another  regiment  was  raised  in  this  town 
and  some  of  the  adjoining  towns  and  marched  under  the  command 
of  Colonel  Thomas  Carpenter  of  Rehoboth  to  join  the  army  of 
Washington  at  White  Plains.  They  are  said  to  have  arrived  some- 
time before  the  battle  and  were  drawn  up  under  arms  a  few  miles 
away.  Bliss  (p.  152)  speaks  of  a  trifling  skirmish  which  occurred 
previous  to  the  battle  of  White  Plains,  and  gives  the  story  as  told 
him  by  his  grandfather.  Dr.  James  Bliss,  who  was  surgeon's  mate 
in  this  regiment.  Colonel  Carpenter's  regiment  was  stationed  on 
a  slight  hill  to  watch  the  movements  of  a  detachment  of  the  British 
army  which  was  in  the  vicinity. 

Soon  the  British  formed  themselves  into  a  line  in  front  of  our 
regiment  and  commenced  to  fire,  slightly  wounding  three  of 
Colonel  Carpenter's  men.  After  the  exchange  of  a  few  shots,  the 
British,  thinking  the  Americans  were  about  to  be  reinforced, 
made  a  hasty  retreat  and  were  pursued  by  some  of  the  American 
soldiers. 

One  soldier,  Fuller  by  name,  being  foremost  of  those  in  pursuit, 
coming  upon  two  British  soldiers  who  were  just  leaving  a  house 
where  they  had  stopped  for  refreshments,  leveled  his  musket  at 
them  and  called  out  to  them,  "Throw  down  your  arms  or  I'll 


126  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

shoot  you  through/*  They  instantly  obeyed  and  Fuller*  in  all 
the  joy  and  pride  of  triumph,  led  back  two  gigantic  British  prison- 
ers to  the  Colonel.  Colonel  Carpenter,  contrasting  their  siie 
with  the  inferior  stature  of  their  captor,  inquired  of  Fuller  how  he 
managed  to  take  them.  "Why,  Colonel,''  he  answered  good- 
humoredly,  '*!  surrounded  them."  Colonel  Carpenter's  regiment 
was  out  on  service  at  this  time  only  three  months.  One  of  the 
companies  of  this  regiment  was  raised  partly  in  Attleborough  and 
partly  in  Norton  and  was  under  the  command  of  Captain  Elisha 
May  of  the  former  town. 

Alphabetigal  list  of  Rbhoboth  Men,  either  RESiDENra  or 

OB  ACCREDITED   TO    THE    ToWN,   WHO   ENLISTED   IN  THE   CON- 
TINENTAL Army  at  various  periods  of  the  War 

The  terms  of  enlistment  range  from  three  months  to  three  years, 
or  "during  the  War."  The  list  also  includes  the  few  who  paid 
money  to  raise  Continental  soldiers.  The  list  given  in  Bliss's 
History  has  been  corrected  and  much  enlarged  by  reference  to  the 
State  volumes.  Names  not  found  in  the  latter  are  marked  with  an 
asterisk.  They  are  not  therefore  discredited,  for  the  state  list 
is  admittedly  imperfect,  having  been  compiled  more  than  a  hun- 
dred years  after  the  event;  and  besides  a  name  may  have  been 
recorded  under  a  different  spelling.  As  a  soldier  often  served 
with  different  captains  at  different  times,  this  list  does  not  give 
the  names  of  these  officers  in  connection  with  each  man.  Among 
them  were  Captains  Bullock,  Carpenter,  Cole,  Franklin,  Hill» 
Hix,  Hull,  Martin,  and  Peck. 

Alger,  James  Bicknell,  Turner 

Alger,  NichoUs  Bishop,  Comfort 

Allen,  John  Bishop,  Oliver 

Allen,  John,  Serg.  Bishop,  Sylvanus 

Allen,  Samuel,  Jr.  Bishop,  Sylvanus,  2d 

Allen,  Thomas  Black,  David 

Anderson,  John  Blackington,  James 

Baird,  John  Blackman,  Elijah 

Baker,  Samuel*  Bliss,  Allen 

Barker,  Barnabas  Bliss,  Asa 

Barker,  John  Bliss,  David 

Barker,  Samuel  Bliss,  Elisha 

Barney,  Nathaniel  Bliss,  Joshua 

Barney,  Paul  Bliss,  Samuel ' 

Barrett.  Michael  Bliss,  Samuel,  Jr. 

Bears,  Spencer  Blye,  James 

Beers,  Peleg  Boffington,  Benjamin 

'  Samuel  Bliss,  who  afterwards  bore  the  title  of  Captain,  was  General 
Washington's  steward  at  Morristown  in  the  winter  of  1777. 


THE  REVOLUTIONARY  WAR 


127 


Bourke,  John 
Bourn,  Moses 
Bowen,  Besaleel 
Bowen,  Ephraim* 
Bowen,  Isaac 
Bowen,  Isaiah 
Bowen,  John,  Jr. 
Bowen,  Obadiah 
Bowen,  Stephen 
Bowen,  Thomas 
Bowman,  Charles 
Brailey,  William 
Breton,  William 
Brown,  Benjamin 
Brown,  Besaleel 
Brown,  Daniel 
Brown,  Gideon 
Brown,  Moses 
Bucklin,  Elijah 
Biicklin,  James 
Bucklin,  Jonathan 
Bucklin,  Oliver 
Buckling,  William 
Bullock,  Comfort* 
Bullock,  David* 
Bullock,  Jacob 
Bullock,  Jonathan 
Bullock,  William 
Burr,  Nathaniel 
Campbell,  John 
Campbell,  Thomas 
Campbell,  Thomas,  2d 
Carpenter,  Elisha 
Carpenter,  John 
Carpenter,  Remember 
Carpenter,  Thomas,  2d* 
Carpenter,  William 
Chaffee,  Comfort 
Chaffee,  Noah* 
Chaffee,  Shubael* 
Chaffee,  Stephen 
Clear,  Joseph 
Cole,  Allen 
Cole,  Isaiah  (Josiah?) 
Cole,  Jacob 
Cole,  James 
Cole,  John 
Cole,  Zephaniah 
Corps,  John 
Cranston,  Samuel 
Daggett,  James 
Daggett,  Joseph 
Dala,  Edward 
Dala,  James 
Davi<l,  (negro) 
Drown,  Jonatiian 
Dryer,  Israel 
Dryer,  Jonathan 
Duffey,  Luke 


Elword,  Samuel 
Emerson,  Ephraim 
Emmerson,  John 
Enos,  David 
Fairbrother,  Richard 
Fairbrother,  William 
Foster,  Joseph 
Franklin,  Benjamin 
Franklin,  Wilson 
Freeman,  Job 
Fuller,  Amos 
Garey,  Seth 
Gladding,  Ebenezer 
Gladding,  James 
Gladding,  James,  Jr. 
Goff,  Ezra 
Goff,  Israel 
Greenwood,  Thomas 
Harding,  John 
Harridon,  Rufus 
Hathaway,  Job 
Healey,  Job 
Hicks,  Chase* 
Hide,  Abel 
Hill,  John 
Hill,  Stephen 
Hindel,  John* 
Hix,  James 

Hix  (or  Hicks),  Nathan 
Horton,  William 
Hoskins,  William* 
Hubbard,  Hezekiah 
Hunt,  Cato  (negro) 
Hunt,  Levi 
Hunter,  Alexander 
Ide,  Abel 
Ide,  John 
Ide,  Nathan 
Ide,  Feleg 
Ingalls,  Jacob 
Ingals,  Joseph 
Ingals,  Jonathan 
Ingraham,  Nathaniel 
Ingraham,  Obediah 
Jenks,  Primus 
Jones,  Isaiah 
Jones,  John 
Kenedy,  David 
Kenedy,  Hugh 
Larrance,  George 
Lewis,  Levi 
Lewis,  Thomas 
Luther,  Eber 
Lyndley,  John,  Jr. 
Lyon,  Aaron 
Mackintier,  Samuel 
Martin,  Gideon 
McLean,  John 
McMillen,  John 


128 


HISTORY  OF  BEHOBOTH 


McMillUn,  John 
Medbury,  Benjamin 
Medbury,  John  ( Ensign) 
Mesusen,  Francis 
Millard,  Peter 
Millerd,  Peter 

Mitchell. ♦ 

Monroe,  Nathan 
Negro,  Caesar* 
Newton,  Francb 
Newton,  John  (Swansea?) 
Nichols,  Eleaaer 
Nichob,  Nathaniel 
Ollu.  Gabriel 
Ormsbee,  Joseph 
Parry,  Samuel 
Peabody,  Ick. 
Peck,  Calvin 
Peck,  Gains 
Peck,  James 
Peck,  Joshua 
Peck,  Shubael 
Peck,  Sylvester 
Perren,  Daniel 
Perrey,  Caesar 
Perrin,  Isaac 
Perry,  Constant 
Perry,  Elijah 
Perry,  James 
Perry,  Jesse 
Perry,  Samuel 
Perry,  Samuel,  2d 
Pierce,  Jesse 
Pierce,  John 
Pierce,  Philip 
Pierce,  Thomas 
Prat,  Simeon 
Read,  David 
Read,  Ephraim 
Read,  Obediah 
Records,  Simon 
Renoph,  Charles 
Reves,  Pompey 
Reynolds,  Thomas 
Richards,  John 
Roberts,  George 
Robertson,  Jonathan 
Robinson,  John 
Robinson,  John,  2d 
Robinson,  Jonathan 
Robinson,  Jonathan,  2d 
Robinson,  Obed 
Rogers,  James 
Round,  Isaac 
Round,  John 
Round,  Oin* 
Round,  Samuel 
Round.  William* 
Ryle,  Nicholas 


Sage,  James 
Sanders,  Jesse 
Shadduck.  Jeffrev 
Sharman,  Samuel 
Shorey,  Samuel 
Smart,  John 
Smith,  Amos 
Smith,  Daniel 
Smith,  Nathaniel 
Smith,  Sam 
Smith,  Samuel 
Smith,  Sarel 
Smith,  Solomon 
Smith,  Stukley 
Smith,  Thomas 
Smith.  William 
Streeter,  Eleaser 
Tate  (or  Tait),  Forbes 
Thomson,  Edward 
Thresher.  Arthur 
Thresher.  Charles 
Thresher.  Joseph* 
Thresher.  Noah 
Titus.  Timothy 
Trip.  Benjamin 
True,  Solomon 
Turner,  Allen 
Turner,  Amos 
Turner,  Charles 
Turner,  Constant 
Turner,  Nathan 
Turner,  Wheaton 
Twity,  Samuel 
Vernason.  Lisedor 
Vickery.  Robert 
Wade.  Sylvanus 
Waldren,  James,  Jr. 
Walker,  Enos 
Walker,  Nathan 
Walker,  Samuel 
Walker,  Timothy 
Walker,  Timothy.  Jr. 
Webster.  Nicholas 
Weeks  Moses* 
Wheaton,  Jesse 
Wheeler,  James 
Wheeler,  Jesse* 
Wheeler,  Luther* 
Wheeler,  Russell 
Wheeler,  Samuel 
Wheeler,  Samuel,  2d 
Wheeton,  Ephraim 
Whitaker,  Ephraim 
Whitaker,  Jesse 
WhiUker,  Jo 
Whitaker,  Nathaniel 
Whitaker,  Rufus 
Whitcomb,  Esra 
White.  Jabes 


THE   REVOLUTIONARY  WAR  129 

Whitrew,  Jesse  Wilmarth,  Benjamin,  2d 

Wier.  Elias  Willmarth,  Valentine* 

Wilford.  Nicholas*  Wilmarth.  Thomas 

Williams,  Rarzillai  Wilmarth,  Thomas,  2d 

Williams,  John  Wilson,  John 

Wilkinson,  Joseph  Zone,  Lewis 
Willmarth,  Benjamin 

Financial  Records 

The  treasurer's  book  in  the  period  of  the  Revolution  records 
items  of  financial  interest  and  at  the  same  time  throws  light  upon 
other  phases  of  the  war. 

"May  1778.  Reed,  of  the  town  by  money  hired  for  them  to 
hire  Soldiers  to  the  Fishkills  Seven  Hundred  &  Twenty  Pounds. 
(£720.  Os.  Orf.)" 

"June  y*  4th  A.  D.  1778.  Then  Received  of  Capt.  John  Lindley 
Committeeman  Ninety  pounds  in  full  of  y*  Town  of  Rehoboth's 
bounty  due  to  three  men  in  my  Company  engaged  as  soldiers  for 
nine  months  service  to  the  Fishkills  viz^:  for  John  Emerson,  Asa 
Bliss,  and  John  Pearce  Thirty  Pounds  each,  in  all  Ninety  Pounds. 
(£90.  0^.  Od.y  Silvanus  Martin,  Capt.** 

On  the  same  day  Capt.  Nathaniel  Carpenter  receipted  for  £120. 
05.  Od.  for  four  soldiers  for  the  same  term  of  service  to  the  Fish- 
kills, viz. :  John  Cole,  Pomp  Reaves,  Bezalel  Brown  and  Levi  Hunt. 

Likewise  on  the  same  day,  in  behalf  of  Capt,  Simeon  Cole* 
Ebenezer  Peck,  2d,  receipted  for  ninety  pounds  (£90.  0*.  Od.)  for 
three  soldiers  in  the  same  expedition,  viz.,  Silvester  Peck,  Allen 
Cole  and  Nathan  Hix. 

Also  in  behalf  of  Capt.  Israel  Hix,  Ebenezer  Peck,  2d,  receipted 
for  ninety  pounds  (£90.  Os,  Od.)  for  three  men  in  the  same  service; 
viz.,  James  Peck,  Calvin  Peck,  and  John  Round. 

June  5,  1778,  Capt.  Joseph  Franklin  receipted  for  ninety  pounds 
(£90.  Os,  Od.)  bounty  to  three  soldiers  to  the  Fishkills;  viz.,  Stephen 
Chaffee,  Elijah  Perry,  and  James  Alger. 

Also  June  5,  1778,  Capt.  James  Hill  receipted  for  ninety  pounds 
(£90. 0^.  Od.)  for  three  soldiers  to  the  Fishkills;  viz.,  Oliver  Buck- 
lin,  Thomas  Wilmarth,  2d,  and  Nicholas  Alger.  (See  town  book, 
page  99.) 

On  the  town  book,  page  105,  three  Revolutionary  soldiers  serv- 
ing three  years  are  named  in  an  unsigned  receipt  of  forty-five 
pourds*  bounty,  for  which  sum  the  "subscriber"  indemnifies  the 
town  against  any  further  demand;  viz.,  John  Lindley,  2d,  Peter 
9 


130  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Miller  2d,  and  Jesse  Peny.    The  hand  is  doubtless  that  of  Capt. 
Silvanus  Martin. 

Thus  we  have  the  names  of  twenty-two  Revolutionary  soldiers 
to  whom  the  town  paid  bounties  in  1778,  nineteen  of  whom  served 
in  the  expedition  to  the  Fishkills. 

"March  ye  30th,  1780.  Paid  593£  Principle  &  £27. 9s.  8d.  In- 
terest in  Part  of  an  order  No.  179  to  Innable  me  to  take  up  se- 
curities given  for  money  for  the  men  that  went  to  the  Fishkilk, 
as  witness  my  hand.    John  Lindley.  (£620.  ds.  8d.)" 

"May  26,  1780.  Reed  of  Jesse  Perrin  one  of  the  Selectmen  the 
Sum  of  one  Thousand  fifty-one  Pounds  fourteen  shillings  &  four 
Pence  it  being  money  he  reed,  of  Col.  Thomas  Carpenter  for 
supplying  the  Soldiers'  familys.  (£1051.  is.  4d.y* 

Col.  Carpenter  probably  received  this  money  from  the  State. 

"May  y®  27, 1780.  Reed,  by  order  of  the  Selectmen  by  Elkanah 
French  the  Sum  of  one  Thousand  four  hundred  &  twenty-five 
Pounds  two  Shillings  &  one  Penny,  being  money  that  was  due  to 
the  town  from  the  State  for  supplying  the  Soldiers'  familys. 

(£1425.  2s.  W.)." 

"June  19,  1780.  Then  Received  of  Lieut.  Noah  AUin  forty 
Pounds  and  ten  Shillings  it  being  money  that  he  dru  oute  of 
the  Treasury  for  to  hier  Soljers  with.  (£40.  10*.  Od.)." 

"Nov.  2,  1780.  Then  we  the  subscril^ers  received  of  Capt. 
Lindley,  Treasurer  of  the  aforesaid  Town  of  Rehoboth  the  Sum 
cf  two  Thousand  Three  Hundred  and  Sixty  Pounds  and  Seven- 
teen Shillings  for  Procuring  y<^  Beef  for  the  Continental  Army, 
as  witness  our  hands  (£2360.  17*.  Od,). 

William  Cole. 
Jesse  Perrin." 

"Dec.  y*  19, 1780.  Paid  Jesse  Perrin  two  thousand  five  hundred 
and  thirty  Continental  dollars  towards  Purchasing  the  Town's 
Quota  of  Beef  as  may  appear  by  his  receipt  of  that  date. 

(£759.  0*.  Oi.)" 


"Apr.  y®  13,   1781.    Reed,  of  Jesse  Perrin  Sixty  pounds  for 
Lemuel  Bowers  bounty  from  Boston.  (£60.  0^.  Orf.)" 


"Apr.  13,  1781.  Reed,  of  Jesse  Perrin  the  Sum  of  Seven  Hun- 
dred and  Ninety-two  Pounds,  two  Shillings  in  part  of  the  mildage 
money  sent  from  Boston.  (£792-  2s.  Od.)** 


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THE  WILLETT  MONUMENT 
WaDnamouet  (Old  Refaoboth) 


THE  REVOLUTIONARY  WAR  131 


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Facsimile  Autographs  of  Rehoboth  Men. 

The  first  three  names  in  this  list  are  autographs  of  signers  of  the 
compact  for  the  government  of  the  town,  viz.,  Walter  Palmer, 
Ralph  Shepherd,  and  Samuel  Newman.  The  date  of  each  man's 
signature  is  given  with  his  name.  We  here  note  briefly  a  few  of  the 
more  prominent  names. 

William  Blanding;  respected  citizen,  father  of  William,  Jr., 
grandfather  of  James,  and  great-grandfather  of  William  W. 

Phanuel  Bishop;  captain  in  Revolutionary  Army. 

Jesse  Perin; 

Silvanus  Martin; 

Joseph  Willmarth; 

Thomas  Carpenter,  3d,  Colonel  Thomas  of  Revolutionary 
fame. 

Timothy  Walker;  colonel  in  the  Revolution. 

Abiah  Bliss;  colonel  in  militia. 

Thomas  Bowen; 

Shubael  Peck; 

Abraham  Ormsbe  ;*  * 

Eliphalet  Slack;  lieut.-colonel  in  militia. 

James  Bliss;  physician,  surgeon  in  Revolutionary  Army. 

Ephraim  Starkweather;  confidential  adviser  of  Gov.  John  Han- 
cock during  war  of  the  Revolution. 

Stephen  Bullock;  district  judge. 

Comfort  Seamans;  minister  at  Hornbine  church;  died  in  his 
105th  year. 

Elkanah  French,  Jr.,  political  partizan;  presided  at  "fighting 
town  meeting"  in  1811. 

Abraham  Bliss;  land  owner  and  miller  at  what  is  now  Rehoboth 
village;   then  "Bliss's  Mills." 

Danl.  Carpenter;  Surveyor. 

Ebenezer  Peck;  founder  of  the  iron  forging  privilege  at  Great 
Meadow  Hill. 


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133 


134  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

From  the  time  that  the  British  first  took  possession  of  Rhode 
Island,  in  December,  1776,  till  they  finally  evacuated  it, — a  period 
of  more  than  two  years,  the  militia  of  this  town  and  vicinity  were 
subject  to  frequent  drafts  of  men,  and  were  frequently  called 
out  on  alarms.  Drafts  were  made  in  January,  February,  March, 
May,  June,  July  and  August,  of  the  year  1777.  The  men  were 
stationed  principally  at  Howland*s  Ferry  (Tiverton)  and  at  War- 
wick. One  company,  if  not  more,  marched  from  this  town  to 
Rhode  Island  in  Oct.,  1777,  and  served  one  month  in  Spencer's 
"secret  expedition.*' 

In  Sullivan's  expedition  on  Rhode  Island,  in  August,  1778, 
Col.  Carpenter,  with  a  large  detachment  of  his  regiment,  marched 
to  join  Sullivan's  army  on  the  Island,  and  distinguished  them- 
selves for  their  bravery.  The  following  is  a  copy  of  the  orders 
issued  by  the  Council  of  Massachusetts  to  Cols.  Ilawes,  Car- 
penter, Daggett,  Hathaway,  Sproat  and  Williams,  at  this  time, 
for  a  draft  of  men : — 

"State  of  Massachusetts  Bay. 

"Council  Chaml)er,  Aug.  18th,  1778. 

"Whereas  Major  General  Sullivan  has  represented  to  this 
board,  that  by  reason  of  the  absence  of  the  French  troops,  which 
he  expected  would  co-operate  with  him,  he  is  in  pressing  need  of 
a  re-inforcement:  therefore 

**Orderedf  That  the  following  Colonels  be,  and  are,  hereby 
directed  to  detach  from  their  respective  regiments  the  several 
numbers  of  men  hereafter  mentioned,  and  form  them  into  com- 
panies of  sixty-eight  men  each,  including  one  captain,  two  sub- 
alterns, four  sergeants,  four  corporals,  one  drummer  and  one  fifer, 
and  see  that  they  be  equipped,  armed  and  accoutered  as  the  law 
directs,  and  order  them  to  march  immediately  to  the  island  of 
Rhode  Island,  and  there  to  do  duty  during  the  campaign  on  said 
Island,  viz. :  from  Col.  Hawes'  regiment,  one  hundred  and  fifty 
men,  .including  officers  and  one  major;  from  Col.  Carpenter's 
regiment,  one  hundred  and  fifty  men,  including  officers;  from 
Col.  Daggett's  regiment,  one  hundred  and  fifty  men,  including 
officers  and  one  colonel;  from  Col.  llathaway's  regiment,  one 
hundred  and  fifty  men,  including  officers  and  one  lieutenant 
colonel;  from  Col.  Sproat's  regiment,  one  hundred  and  fifty  men, 
including  officers;  from  Col.  Williams's  regiment,  one  hundred 
and  fifty  men,  including  officers;  and  make  return  to  the  council 
without  loss  of  time. 

"A  true  copy, 

*' Attest,  John  Avery,  D'y  Sec'y." 


AFFAIRS  SUCCEEDING  THE  REVOLUTION       135 

Col.  Carpenter  was  in  the  action  on  Rhode  Island,  Aug.  29, 
1778,  and  was  distinguished  for  his  activit}^  and  bravery.  It 
is  said  that,  when  the  Americans  advanced  to  the  first  charge. 
Col.  Carpenter  pushed  on  with  so  much  bravery,  that  the  enemy 
opposed  to  him  gave  way,  and  he  was  drawn  so  far  in  advance 
of  the  army  that  the  British  made  an  attempt,  by  despatching 
a  division  around  the  side  of  a  hill  opposite  to  him,  to  attack 
him  in  the  rear  and  cut  him  off  from  the  main  army;  but  being 
apprised  of  his  danger  by  one  of  the  aids  of  General  Sullivan, 
he  very  dexterously  managed  to  fall  back  in  good  order,  with  the 
line  of  the  main  army,  and  thus,  probably,  avoided  falling  into 
the  hands  of  the  enemy.  Several  of  the  soldiers  of  Col.  Carpen- 
ter's regiment,  belonging  to  Rehoboth,  were  slain  in  this  action. 
The  names  of  three  of  them  were  Medbury,  Peck,  and  John 
Dryer.  These  three  fell  on  one  spot.  Benjamin  Smith,  of  Swan- 
sey,  was  wounded  by  the  bursting  of  a  bomb-shell. 

AFFAIRS  SUCCEEDING  THE  REVOLUTION 

In  1784,  the  town  voted,  "in  addition  to  the  money  already 
granted  for  schooling,  £20  for  a  grammar  school." 

"March  21,  1785.  Voted  to  choose  a  committee  to  regulate  the 
fishery  in  the  river,  called  Palmer's  River." 

The  fish  caught  here  were  shad,  bass  and  alewives.  Before  the 
erection  of  the  dam  across  Palmer's  River,  at  Orleans  Factory, 
shad  and  alewives  used  to  ascend  the  river  as  far  as  Rehoboth 
village. 

Rehoboth,  in  common  with  the  other  towns  of  the  colonies, 
felt  severely  the  pressure  of  the  times  which  immediately  succeeded 
the  war.  The  large  drafts  made  for  men  and  money  to  carry  on 
the  war,  the  scarcity  of  money  and  the  great  depreciation  in  the 
value  of  the  paper  currency  with  which  the  ofiicers  and  soldiers 
had  been  paid  for  their  services,  the  increase  of  public  and  private 
debts,  the  decay  of  business  and  the  want  of  confidence  in  the 
government,  overwhelmed  the  people  with  a  multitude  of  em- 
barrassments public  and  private,  under  which  it  seemed  to  them 
impossible  to  rise.  These  embarrassments,  which  were  styled 
"grievances,"  and  which  were  the  natural  results  of  the  protracted 
war  through  which  they  had  just  passed,  were  charged  upon  the 
goveriunent;  whence,  too,  they  vainly  looked  for  that  relief  which 


136  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

could  be  found  only  in  industry  and  economy.  The  state  govern- 
ments were  embarrassed  witli  heavy  debts,  contracted  on  account 
fo  the  war;  and  the  general  government,  held  together  only  by 
the  frail  and  feeble  tenure  of  the  confederation,  was  ready  to  fall 
with  the  least  internal  commotion,  and  was,  to  all  efficient  pur- 
poses, powerless.  This  state  of  things,  so  different  from  what 
they  had  so  long  and  so  fondly  anticipated  from  the  return  of 
peace  and  the  establishment  of  their  independence,  the  people 
charged  upon  the  government,  calling  in  question  both  its  ad- 
ministration and  the  principles  of  its  constitution.  The  cries  for 
reform  were  loud  and  vehement  on  every  side,  and  a  large  party 
was  formed  hostile  to  the  existing  state  government,  which 
soon  pushed  its  claims  at  the  point  of  the  bayonet.  This  party 
was  headed  by  Daniel  Shays^  from  whom  this  opfiosition  received 
the  name  of  "Shays'  rebellion."  A  majority  of  the  people  in  Re- 
hoboth,  as  will  be  seen  from  the  votes  passed  by  the  town  at  this 
time,  favored  the  opinions  of  this  party. 

"June  19,  1786.  Voted  to  choose  a  committee  to  meet  with 
other  towns'  committees,  in  the  county  of  Bristol,  in  a  county 
convention,  to  consult  on  the  rights  of  the  people  of  said  common- 
wealth, and  to  petition  the  General  Court  for  redress  of  grievances, 
or  to  take  any  other  measures,  that  the  convention,  when  met, 
shall  judge  to  be  the  right  of  the  people  of  this  commonwealth.'* 
The  town  chose  for  this  committee  Capt.  Phanuel  Bishop,  Maj. 
Frederick  Drown,  and  Mr.  William  Daggett." 

"December  25,  1786.  The  town  voted  that  they  wished  to 
have  an  alteration  in  the  present  system  of  government  in  the 
commonwealth  of  Massachusetts,  by  a  majority  of  110  of  what 
then  voted." 

"January  22,  1787.  Voted  that  the  selectmen  be  instructed 
to  remove  the  powder  and  other  town  stock,  that  is  now  at  Col. 
Thomas  Carpenter's,  as  soon  as  conveniently  may  be." 

Col.  Carpenter  was  a  staunch  friend  of  the  government. 

The  names  of  the  following  persons  are  registered  in  the  town 
records,  as  having  taken  the  oath  of  allegiance  to  the  Common- 
wealth, and  delivered  up  their  arms,  during  March  of  1787.  These 
men  belonged  to  the  party  of  Shays,  and  had  probably  taken 
arms  against  the  government: — 

Joseph  Porter,  Joseph  Bowen,  William  Fairbrother, 

Simeon  Round,  James  Cole,  Laben  Lake, 

Nathan  Hix,  2d,  Timothy  Fuller,  Nathaniel  Thurber, 


AFFAIRS  SUCCEEDING  THE  REVOLUTION       137 

Cyril  Smith,  Jacob  Bliss,  jr.  Daniel  Short, 

Hezekiah  Smith,  Square  GofT,  jr.  James  Bullock, 

Oliver  Smith,  Benjamin  Monroe,  Nathan  Newman, 

Benjamin  Bowen,  Jabez  Round,  3d,  Samuel  Carpenter, 

Jacob  Cole,  Charles  Round,  Jarvis  Peck, 

Ezra  Thayer,  James  Martin,  Luke  Bowen, 

Jacob  Bliss,  Isaac  Burr,  Asa  Bowen, 

Israel  Hicks,  Laben  Briggs,  John  Hopkins. 

Abiel  Horton,  Amos  Cole, 

November  26,  1787.  The  town  chose  Capt.  Phanuel  Bishop» 
Maj.  Frederick  Drown,  and  William  Windsor,  Esq.,  delegates 
to  the  State  Convention,  to  meet  at  Boston,  the  second  Wednesday 
of  January,  1788,  "to  consult  on  the  Federal  Constitution,  re- 
commended by  the  late  Federal  Convention,  which  sat  at  Phila- 
delphia the  summer  past." 

This  year,  "Voted  to  raise  £120  for  schooling;  £20  to  be  ap- 
plied to  tlie  support  of  a  grammar  school." 

"March  17,  1788.  Voted  to  provide  a  work-house  for  the  ac- 
commodation of  the  poor  of  the  town." 

The  votes  for  Governor,  this  year,  were  102  for  John  Hancock, 
and  263  for  Elbridge  Gerry. 

The  same  sum  was  raised  for  schools  for  the  three  succeeding 
years  as  in  the  preceding  year,  and  £20  yearly,  as  before,  de- 
voted to  the  support  of  a  grammar  school. 

April  2,  1792.  The  town  raised  for  the  support  of  schools,  "in- 
cluding the  Latin  school,"  £150.  Also  "voted  that  the  select- 
men be  empowered  to  procure  such  grammar  schools  as  shall  an- 
swer the  law,  in  the  different  parts  of  the  town,  for  learning  the 
Latin  and  Greek  languages." 

April  1,  1793.  The  town  voted  to  raise  for  the  support  of 
schools,  £150. 

"October  6,  1794.  Voted  that  the  treasurer  of  this  town  be 
directed  to  pay  to  each  non-commissioned  officer  and  soldier, 
raised  for  this  town's  quota  of  eighty  thousand  men,  ordered  by 
Congress  to  be  raised,  forty  shillings  each,  when  they  are  ordered 
to  march  out  of  this  town  on  a  campaign,  and  forty  shillings 
each  to  every  man  aforesaid,  for  every  month  they  shall  con- 
tinue in  the  camp,  after  one  month  from  the  time  they  shall 
march:  the  money  to  be  paid  in  one  month  after  their  return 
from  service." 

This  army  of  "eighty   thousand    men"  was   raised  to  repel 


138  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

the  threatened  invasion  of  France;  and  Washington  was  placed 
at  its  head. 

"February  24,  1794.  Voted  to  remonstrate  with  the  Legis- 
lature of  Rhode  Island  against  a  bridge  being  built  over  Kelley*8 
Ferry,  near  Warren." 

May  6,  1795.  A  motion  for  petitioning  the  General  Court 
to  incorporate  the  west  precinct  of  Rehoboth  into  a  separate 
town,  was  carried  by  vote  in  the  negative.  Voted  to  raise  £175 
for  the  support  of  schools,  of  which  £25  was  to  be  appropriated 
to  a  grammar  school. 

In  1796,  the  town  voted  for  the  support  of  grammar  and 
common  schools,  $666.66.  The  sum  of  $666  was  thereafter  raised 
yearly  for  the  support  of  schools  till  1804.  In  1804,  1805,  and 
1806,  $666.77  was  raised  for  the  same  purpose;  and  in  1807, 
1808,  1809,  1810,  $700  was  raised,  and  in  1811,  $800. 

The  Fighting  Town  Meeting. 

A  town  meeting  was  held  in  May,  1811,  which  from  its  noise 
and  violence  has  since  l)een  known  as  "The  Fighting  Town  Meet- 
ing." The  following  is  a  summary  of  the  report  of  the  committee 
on  contested  elections  appointed  by  the  General  Court  "in  the  case 
of  the  remonstrance  of  Stephen  Bullock  and  four  hundred  and  three 
others,  inhabitants  of  the  town  of  Rehoboth,  in  the  County  of 
Bristol,  against  the  election  of  Elkanah  French,  Caleb  Abell, 
John  Medbury,  Sebra  I^wton,  and  Timotliy  Walker,  returned  as 
members  of  this  house  from  said  town**: — 

At  a  town  meeting  legally  called  on  the  13tli  of  May,  the  first 
point  to  be  decided  was  whether  tlie  town  would  send  one  represen- 
tative or  five.  At  first  the  votes  were  so  equally  divided  that  the 
selectmen  declared  they  could  not  determine  on  which  side  was 
the  majority.  It  was  then  agreed  that  each  voter  in  favor  of  send- 
ing five  should  take  by  the  hand  a  voter  in  favor  of  sending  one 
and  march  out  of  the  house;  and  Captain  Cushing  and  Mr. 
Kennicut  were  appointed  to  count  tlie  files.  After  they  had 
counted  oflf  two  hundred  and  ninety-eiglit  files,  tlicy  were  inter- 
rupted by  Elkanah  French,  Esq.,  chairman  of  the  selectmen,  who 
told  them  it  was  impossible  to  decide  the  question  in  this  way, 
that  there  was  a  mtstake,  that  the  question  was  not  understood, 
etc.    Captain  Cushing  replied  that  there  could  be  no  mistake,  that 


AFFAIRS  SUCCEEDING  THE  REVOLUTION       139 

they  had  already  counted  off  five  hundred  and  ninety-six  correctly, 
and  that  in  a  few  minutes  the  counting  would  be  finished  and  a 
decision  made;  but  Mr.  French  persisted  in  his  interference  until 
confusion  arose  and  those  who  had  gone  out  began  to  come  back, 
and  soon  all  were  back  expecting  to  hear  the  result  declared. 
This  the  selectmen  could  not  do  as  the  counting  was  not  com- 
pleted. "It  appears  there  were  from  fifteen  to  twenty-five  persons 
without  partners  and  that  these  fifteen  to  twenty-five  constituted 
the  majority  for  sending  one  representative;    but  whether  this 

fact  was  known  by  the  selectmen,  the  committee  cannot  deter- 

•      »» 

mme. 

By  a  vote  of  the  majority  the  meeting  was  then  dissolved.  The 
next  day  warrants  were  issued  for  a  town  meeting  to  be  held  on 
Saturday  of  the  same  week  (May  IStli)  at  12  o*clock  noon  at  the 
East  Meeting-house  (near  Rehoboth  Village),  for  the  purpose  of 
sending  one  or  more  representatives  to  the  General  Court.  Notice 
of  this  meeting  was  given  verbally  by  the  constables.  On  coming 
together  a  motion  was  made  and  seconded  that  the  town  should 
send  one  representative  and  no  more;  and  at  once  another  motion 
was  made  and  seconded  to  send  five.  Then  Elkanah  French,  the 
presiding  selectman,  declared  in  a  loud  voice,  **I  will  hear  none  of 
your  motions  and  I  will  put  none  of  your  motions.  I  will  manage 
this  meeting  according  to  my  own  mind.  If  you  do  not  like  my 
proceedings,  or  if  I  do  wrong,  prosecute  me;  bring  in  your  votes 
for  from  one  to  five  representatives."  Upon  this  refusal  of  the 
chairman  to  put  motions,  great  confusion  arose,  especially  in 
front  of  the  selectmen's  seat;  some  demanded  one  thing  and  some 
another,  and  the  tumult  became  so  great  that  for  a  time  neither 
the  chairman  nor  any  one  else  could  be  heard.  In  some  instances 
personal  contest  arose  between  the  voters,  and  blows  were  given. 
The  table-leaf  at  the  deacon's  seat  was  violently  broken  down  and 
the  breastwork  of  the  pew  pressed  in.  Blows  were  aimed  at  the 
head  of  the  presiding  selectman  which  he  avoided  "by  reclining 
towards  the  pulpit." 

A  motion  was  made  to  adjourn  for  half  an  hour  until  order  could 
be  restored  and  the  voting  proceed  with  regularity.  This  motion 
also,  Elkanah  French  utterly  refused  to  put.  To  further  com- 
plicate matters  he  ordered  the  voters  to  come  up  the  western 
aisle  and  to  go  down  the  eastern  aisle,  which  was  contrary  to  all 
custom,  and  the  aisles  became  blocked  and  there  was  much  crowd- 


140  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

ing.  Besides  the  ballot-box  was  turned,  and  then  the  ballots 
were  replaced  and  other  ballots  were  received  without  order. 
Finally,  when  about  twenty-five  votes  were  in  the  box  Mr.  Ft«ncfa 
turned  it,  while  some  were  shouting  that  their  votes  were  not  in. 
It  was  then  declared  that  Caleb  Abell,  John  Medbury»  Sebra 
Lawton,  Elkanah  French  and  Timothy  Walker  had  twenty-three 
votes  and  were  chosen,  and  the  meeting  dissolved.  When  some 
one  expostulated  with  Elkanah  French  on  his  conduct,  he  openly 
declared  that  he  intended  to  manage  the  meeting  according  to 
his  own  mind,  and  that  he  had  done  it.  The  committee  concluded 
their  report  in  part  as  follows:  that  "upon  mature  consideration 
of  the  foregoing  facts,  the  supposed  election  of  representatives  to 
this  house  from  the  said  town  of  Rehoboth  in  the  year  of  our 
Lord  one  thousand  eight  hundred  and  eleven  is  altogether  void 
and  of  no  eifect.*'  ''On  the  question  being  put  to  the  Legislature, 
shall  this  report  be  accepted^  the  yeas  were  208,  nays  181." 

It  is  plain  that  the  prime  mover  of  the  disturbance  was  Elkanah 
French,  Esq.,  backed  by  a  few  political  followers.  By  his  ar- 
bitrary interference  he  nullified  the  proceedings  of  two  town- 
meetings  at  which  more  than  six  hundred  voters  were  present, 
prevented  Rehoboth  from  being  represented  in  the  Legislature, 
brought  a  stigma  upon  its  fair  name,  and  hastened  the  division 
of  the  town  which  occurred  the  following  year. 

In  1812  the  west  part  of  the  town  was  incorporated  into  a  sep- 
arate township  with  the  name  of  Seekonk. 

The  majority  of  the  town,  as  appears  from  a  vote  passed 
February  3,  1812,  opposed  the  division.  The  votes  were  18  for, 
and  328  against  the  measure.  At  the  same  meeting  also,  James 
Ellis,  Esq.,  and  Mr.  Thomas  Kennicut,  were  chosen  agents  by 
the  town  to  oppose,  at  the  General  Court,  the  dividing  of  the  town. 

March  16,  1812.  The  town  voted  to  raise  $400  for  schooling, 
and  $200  for  military  stores;  and  also  voted  *'that  the  school 
money  be  divided  according  to  the  nunit)cr  of  children  (or  in- 
habitants) under  twenty-one  years  of  age." 

In  1813,  (400  were  raised  for  schools,  $100  for  military  stores, 
and  $1,200  for  the  support  of  the  poor.  In  1814  the  same  sums 
were  raised  for  schools  and  for  military  stores. 

In  1815,  $450  were  raised  for  schools;  and  in  1816,  1817,  and 
1818,  $600  were  raised  yearly  for  the  same  purpose. 


AFFAIRS  SUCCEEDING  THE  REVOLUTION       141 


In  1819,  the  town  "voted  to  raise  $600  for  grammar  and 
common  schools,  including  money  received  for  school  land  and 
the  interest  on  school  notes." 

The  same  sum  was  raised  from  the  years  1820  to  1824  inclusive, 
and  was  about  the  yearly  average  until  1850,  since  which  time 
the  amount  has  been  much  increased.    (See  chapter  on  Education.) 

A  list  of  the  Deputies  to  the  Court  of  Plymouth,  and  of  the 
Representatives  to  the  Genreal  Court  of  Massachusetts,  with 
the  names  of  the  Town  Clerks  and  Treasurers  who  have  served 
the  town  at  different  periods,  so  far  as  they  can  be  obtained, 
will  close  this  chapter. 


List  of  the  Deputies  to  Plymouth  Coukt 

FROM   ReHOBOTH 


1646, 
1647, 

1648, 

1649, 

1650, 

1651, 

1652, 

1653, 

1654, 

1655, 

1656, 

1657, 

1658, 

1659, 

1660, 

1661, 


Walter  Palmer. 
Walter  Palmer, 
Stephen  Paine. 
Robert  Titus, 
John  Doggctt. 
Robert  Titus, 
Stephen  Paine. 
Robert  Titus, 
Stephen  Paine. 
Stephen  Paine, 
Richard  Bowen. 
Stephen  Paine, 
Thomas  Cooper. 
Stephen  Paine, 
Thomas  Cooper. 
Stephen  Paine, 
Peter  Hunt. 
Stephen  Paine, 
Peter  Hunt. 
Stephen  Paine, 
William  Carpenter. 
Stephen  Paine, 
William  Sabin. 
Stephen  Paine, 
Thomas  Cooper. 
Stephen  Paine, 
William  Sabin. 
William  Sabin, 
Peter  Hunt. 
William  Sabin, 
Peter  Hunt. 


1662, 
1663, 
1664, 
1665, 
1666, 
1667, 
1668, 
1669, 
1670, 
1671, 
1672, 
1673, 
1674, 
1675, 
1676. 


Peter  Hunt, 
Henry  Smith. 
Peter  Hunt, 
Stephen  Paine. 
Peter  Hunt, 
Stephen  Paine. 
Peter  Hunt, 
Stephen  Paine. 
Stephen  Paine, 
James  Brown. 
Peter  Hunt, 
Henry  Smith. 
Peter  Hunt, 
Henry  Smith. 
Philip  Walker, 
Nicholas  Peck. 
Stephen  Paine, 
William  Sabin. 
Stephen  Paine, 
William  Sabin. 
Peter  Hunt, 
Daniel  Smith. 
Peter  Hunt, 
Anthony  Perry. 
Ensign  Henry  Smith, 
Daniel  Smith. 
Ensign  Henry  Smith. 
Daniel  Smith. 
Daniel  Smith, 
\  Nathaniel  Paine. 


142 


HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 


1677. 
1678, 
1679, 
1680, 
1681, 
1682, 
1683, 
1684, 


Nathaniel  Paine, 
Daniel  Smith. 
Daniel  Smith, 
Nicholas  Peck. 
Nicholas  Peck, 
Gilbert  Brooks. 
Nicholas  Peck, 
Peter  Hunt. 
Ensign  Nicholas  Peck, 
Gilbert  Brooks. 
Ensign  Nicholas  Peck, 
Capt.  Peter  Hunt. 
Ensign  Nicholas  Peck, 
Capt.  Peter  Hunt. 
Lieut.  Nicholas  Peck, 
Gilbert  Brooks. 


1685, 

1686, 

1687, 
1688, 

1689, 
1690, 
1691, 
1692, 


Lieut.  Nicholas  Peck» 
Gilbert  Brooks. 
Lieut.  Peck, 
Gilbert  Brooks. 


Lieut.  Nicholas  Peck, 
Samuel  Peck. 
Gilbert  Brooks, 
Christopher  Saunders. 
Christopher  Saunders, 
John  Woodcock. 
Christopher  Saunders, 
Mr.  Samuel  Peck. 


List  of  the  Representatives  to  the  General  Court 

OF  Massachusetts 


1693 

1694 
1695 
1696 
1697 
1698 
1699 
1700 
1701 
1702 
1703 
1704 
1705 
1706 
1707 
1708 
1709 
1710 
1711 
1712 
1713 
1714 
1715 
1716 


Samuel  Peck, 
Joseph  Browne, 
itephen  Paine. 

Dea.  Samuel  Peck. 

Dea.  Samuel  Newman. 

Dea.  Samuel  Newman. 

Dea.  Samuel  Newman. 

John  Hunt. 

John  Peck. 


Sergt.  Moses  Reade. 
Stephen  Paine. 
Benjamin  Allen. 
Col.  Samuel  Walker. 


John  Brooks. 
Ensign  Moses  Reade. 
Daniel  Smith. 
Ensign  Timothy  Ide. 
Daniel  Smith. 
Lieut.  Noah  Peck. 
Lieut.  Moses  Reade. 
Lieut.  Moses  Reade. 
Lieut.  Moses  Reade. 
Capt.  Moses  Reade. 


1717 
1718 
1719 
1720 
1721 
1722 
1723 
1724 
1725 
1726 
1727 
1728 
1729 
1730 
1731 
1732 
1733 
1734 
1735 
1736 
1737 
1738 
1739 
1740 
1741 


Nathan  Browne. 
Daniel  Smith,  Esq. 
Daniel  Carpenter. 
Daniel  Carpenter. 
Jethnial  Peck. 
Jethnial  Peck. 
Jethnial  Peck. 
Francis  Willson. 
Joseph  Peck. 
Jethnial  Peck. 
Jethnial  Peck. 
Jethnial  Peck. 
Jethnial  Peck. 
Jethnial  Peck. 
Jethnial  Peck. 
Samuel  Browne,  Esq. 
James  Bo  wen. 
James  Bo  wen. 
John  Hunt. 
Joseph  Peck. 
James  Bo  wen. 
Joseph  Bos  worth. 
Jonathan  Kingsley. 
Joseph  Peck. 
Daniel  Barney. 


^Plymouth  Colony  was  annexed  to  Massachusells  by  the  charter  of  William 
and  Mary,  in  1692. 


AFFAIRS  SUCCEEDING  THE  REVOLUTION       143 


1742, 

1743, 

1744, 

1745, 

1746, 

1747, 

1748, 

1749, 

1750, 

1751 

1752, 

1753, 

1754, 

1755, 

1756, 

1757, 

1758, 

1759, 

1760, 

1761 

1762, 

1763, 

1764, 

1765, 

1766, 

1767, 

1768, 

1769, 

1770, 

1771 

1772, 

1773, 

1774, 

1775, 

1776, 
1777, 

1778, 

1779, 
1780, 

1781 

1782, 

1783, 

1784, 
1785, 


Capt.  Joseph  Wheaton. 
Daniel  Barney. 
Capt.  Dan.  Carpenter. 
Daniel  Barney. 
Daniel  Barney. 
Daniel  Barney. 
Dan.  Carpenter,  Esq. 
Daniel  Barney. 
Nathaniel  Smith. 
Nathaniel  Smith. 
Israel  Nichols. 
Israel  Nichols. 
Aaron  Kingsley. 
Capt.  Aaron  Kingsley. 
Capt.  Aaron  Kingsley. 
Capt.  Timothy  Walker. 
Capt.  Timothy  Walker. 
Capt.  Timothy  Walker. 
Noah  Sabin,  jun. 
Noah  Sabin,  jun. 
Aaron  Kingsley,  Esq. 
Capt.  James  Clay. 
Capt.  James  Clay. 
Capt.  James  Clay. 
Capt.  James  Clay. 
Capt.  James  Clay. 
Capt.  James  Clay. 
Capt.  James  Clay. 
Capt.  Joseph  Barney. 
Capt.  Joseph  Barney. 
Capt.  Joseph  Barney. 
Capt.  Joseph  Barney. 


f  Eph.  Starkweather, 

\  Capt.  Thomas  Carpenter 


f  Eph.  Starkweather, 
\  Col.  Shubael  Peck. 

Shubael  Peck,  Esq. 
f  Sluil)ael  Peck,  Esq. 
\  Daniel  Carpenter. 

Capt.  Stephen  Bullock. 
f  Stephen  Bullock,  Esq. 
\  Daniel  Carpenter,  Esq. 

Stephen  Bullock,  Esq. 

Stephen  Bullock,  Esq. 


1786, 
1787, 

1788, 

1789. 
1790, 
1791, 
1792, 
1793, 
1794, 
1795, 
1796, 
1797, 
1798, 
1799, 
1800, 
1801, 
1802, 
1803, 
1804, 
1805, 
1806, 
1807, 
1808. 
1809, 

1810, 

1811, 
1812, 

1813, 

1814, 
1815, 
1816, 
1817, 
1818, 
1819, 
1820, 
1821, 


Stephen  Bullock,  Esq. 
'  Phanuel  Bishop, 

Frederick  Drown, 

William  Winsor. 

Capt.  Phanuel  Bishop, 

Major  Frederick  Drown, 

Capt.  John  Bishop. 

Major  Frederick  Drown. 

Major  Frederick  Drown. 

Major  Frederick  Drown. 

Hon.  Phanuel  Bishop. 

Hon.  Phanuel  Bishop. 

Hon.  Phanuel  Bishop. 

Stephen  Bullock,  Esq. 

Stephen  Bullock,  Esq. 

Hon.  Phanuel  Bishop. 

Hon.  Phanuel  Bishop. 

Frederick  Drowne. 

Frederick  Drowne. 

Frederick  Drowne. 

Frederick  Drowne. 

Frederick  Drowne. 

Frederick  Drowne. 

David  Perry. 

David  Perry,  jun. 

Elkanah  French,  jun. 

Elkanah  French,  jun. 

Peter  Hunt. 
'  David  Perry, 

Elkanah  French, 

Timothy  Walker, 

John  Medbury, 

Sebray  Law  ton. 

none. 

Samuel  Bliss, 

Hezekiah  Martin, 

Joseph  W^heaton. 

(Hezekiah  Martin, 
Joseph  Wheaton, 
Samuel  Bliss,  2d. 
Peter  Carpenter. 
Dr.  James  Bliss. 
Dr.  James  Bliss. 
Jeremiah  Wheeler. 
Thomas  Carpenter,  2d. 
David  Perry. 
Dr.  James  Bliss. 
David  Perry. 


HISTORY  OF  REHO 


1823. 

none. 

1844. 

1823, 

none. 

1845. 

1824. 

Lemuel  Morae. 

1846. 

1826. 

Lemuel  Morae. 

1847, 

1826, 

none. 

1848. 

1827. 

loaeph  Niehola. 

1849. 

1828, 

loaeph  Niehola. 

1850, 

Samuel  Bullock, 

1861. 

1829, 

Caleb  Cuahing. 

1862. 

Joseph  Nichols. 

1853. 

Samuel  Bullock. 

1864. 

1830, 

Caleb  Cushing. 

1865. 

Joaeph  Nichols. 

1866, 

1831, 

1867, 

1832, 

Lloyd  Bosworth. 

1869, 

1833, 

Lloyd  Bosworth. 

1860, 

1834, 

Lloyd  Bosworth. 

1861. 

Samuel  Bullock. 

1863, 

1835, 

none. 

1865, 

1836, 

Capt.  Richani  Goll.  Jr. 

1868, 

Abel  Hoar. 

1870, 

1837, 

Abel  Hoar. 

1874, 

Richard  Golf. 

1877, 

1838. 

Richard  GofF. 

1881, 

'839.{srif,'u:^tSS''Jd"'" 

1886, 
1889, 

1840. 

William  Marvel.  2d. 

1893 

1841. 

Childa  Luther. 

1899 

1842, 

Childa  Luther. 

1903 

1843, 

Childa  Luther. 

1910 

List  op  Sbnatobb  frou  3 

1781,  Hon.  Eph.  Starkweather  1790,  E 

1782,  Hon.  Eph.  Starkweather  1807.  I. 

1783,  Hon.  Eph.  Starkweather.  1808,  E 
1788.  Hon.  Phanuel  Bishop.  1859,  A 
1780,  Hon.  Phanuel  Bishop.  1903,  C 

Town  Clerks 
No  town  clerk  is  mentioned  by  name 
the  year  1651,  when  Peter  Hunt  was  ct 
previous  to  this  date  the  records  appei 
by  the  same  hand;  and  it  appears  from 
the  town  clerk  and  on  record  at  Plymc 


FRANK   HATHAWAY  IIORTON  . 


AFFAIRS  SUCCEEDING  THE  REVOLUTION      145 

filled  that  office  in  Rehoboth  was  William  Carpenter,  and  that 
he  retained  it  from  the  date  of  the  commencement  of  the  town 
records  in  October,  1643,  till  1649,  when  Mr.  Hunt  was  probably 
chosen.^ 

Richard  Bowen  was  chosen  town  clerk  in  September,  1654; 
Richard  Bullock,  in  January,  1659,  and  agreed  to  perform  the 
office  "for  16^.  a  year,  and  to  be  paid  for  births,  burials,  and 
marriages  besides."  William  Carpenter  (probably  son  of  William 
Carpenter  who  served  at  first),  was  chosen  town  clerk  in  May, 
1668,  and  served,  with  the  exception  of  1693,  when  Stephen 
Paine  supplied  his  place,  till  March,  1703.  Daniel  Carpenter 
was  chosen  in  1703,  and  held  the  office  3  years.  In  March  1706 
Daniel  Smith  was  chosen,  and  in  March  1708  Daniel  Carpenter 
was  again  chosen,  and  continued  to  fill  the  office  till  1730.  In 
1730  Ezekiel  Read  was  chosen,  and  continued  in  the  office,  with  the 
exception  of  1751,  1752  and  1753,  till  1762.  In  March  1762 
Jesse  Perrin  was  chosen,  and  continued  till  1787.  In  March 
1787  Lieut,  (afterwards  Capt.)  Philip  Walker  was  chosen  town 
clerk,  and  filled  the  office  till  1801,  when  Capt.  Caleb  Abell  was 
chosen,  and  continued  till  the  division  of  the  town  in  1812,  when 
he  fell  within  the  limits  of  Seekonk,  where  he  continued  in  the 
same  office.  In  1812  James  Blanding,  Esq.,  was  chosen  town 
clerk,  and  filled  the  office  up  to  1836. 

Then  followed: — 

Cyrus  M.  Wheaton,  chosen  April    4,  1836. 
Asaph  L.  Bliss,  **      March  2,  1840. 

Noah  Holt.  "      March  3,  1845. 

George  W.  Bliss,  "      March  1,  1847. 

Cyrus  M.  Wheaton,*        "      March  1,  1848. 
William  H.  Luther,  "      March  1,  1875. 

EUery  L.  GoflF,       appointed  April  22,  1893. 

Town  Treasurers 

Eleclcd  Elected 

1745,  John  Hunt.  1782,  Elkanah  French. 

1752,  Thomas  Carpenter.  1786,  Peter  Hunt. 

1755,  John  Hunt.  1787,  Joseph  Wilmarth. 

1762,  James  Daggett.  1798,  Peter  Hunt. 

1764,  John  Lindley.  1809,  Capt.  Abel  Cole. 

*  See  note,  page  36. 

'In  view  of  Col.  Cyrus  M.  Wheaton's  lliirty-one  years  of  service,  the  town 
honored  him  by  a  vote  of  thanks. 

10 


146                     HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

£leeied  KUct«d 

1811,  Noah  Bowen.  1868,  John  C.  Marvel. 

1812,  Capt.  Abel  Bliss.  1869,  Ira  S.  Baker. 

1827,  Edward  Mason.  1870,  James  H.  Perry. 

1828,  Christopher  Carpenter,Jr.  1871,  Ira  S.  Baker. 

1831,  WUliam  Marvel.  1872,  William  W.  Blanding. 

1841,  Joseph  Lake.  1875,  DeWitt  C.  Carpenter. 

1844,  William  Marvel,  2d.  1884,  John  C.  Marvel. 

1849,  John  C.  Marvel.  1890,  William  W.  Blanding. 

1853,  Samuel  H.  VUU.  1894,  Adin  B.  Horton. 

1856,  George  H.  Carpenter.  1909,  Albert  C.  Goff. 


Colonel    LVNItAI,    HOWKN 


MAjitn  GKOKC.E   \V.    ttl.lSt 


CHAPTER  IV 

MILITIA  OF  BRISTOL  COUNTY,  MASS. 

First  Regiment,  Second  Brigade,  Fifth  Division. 

The  history  of  the  old  First  Regiment  (1685-1840)  was  closely 
identified  with  Rehoboth,  particularly  in  its  last  seventy-five 
years.  At  first  it  embraced  the  entire  militia  of  Bristol  County. 
Until  1702  its  highest  officer  was  a  Major  Commandant,  and  for 
much  of  the  time  after  that,  when  the  regiment  fell  short  of  its 
peace  footing  of  815  men,  its  chief  officer  was  a  Lieutenant-Colonel 
Commandant,  who  was,  however,  designated  as  "Colonel."  In 
1733  it  was  divided  into  three  regiments,  of  which  the  first  em- 
braced, after  1818,  only  the  Militia  of  Rehoboth,  Swansea,  See- 
konk  and  Pawtucket.  The  military  archives  of  Massachusetts 
contain  its  roster  only  after  1780,  the  close  of  the  Revolutionary 
War.  Previous  to  that  time  only  fragments  of  the  history  can 
be  found.  It  seems  that  in  1702  the  field  officers  of  the  regiment 
were  Nathaniel  Byfield  of  Bristol,  Colonel,  Benjamin  Church  of 
Indian  fame,  Lieutenant-Colonel,  and  Ebenezer  Benton  of  Swan- 
sea, Major. 

Other  "Colonels"  following  these  were  Henry  Mcintosh  of 
Bristol,  Thomas  Church  of  Little  Compton  (son  of  Benjamin), 
and  liis  brother  Charles  Church  of  Bristol.  Then  followed  Dr. 
Thomas  Bowen  of  Rehoboth,  Andrew  Cole  of  Swansea,  Jerahmeel 
Bowers  of  Swansea,  who  was  commissioned  in  February,  1762; 
William  Bullock  of  Rehoboth,  commissioned  July  1,  1767;  Peleg 
Slade  of  Swansea  (date  of  commission  unknown) ;  Timothy  Walker 
of  Rehoboth,  Colonel,  1775;  Thomas  Carpenter  of  Rehoboth, 
Colonel,  February,  1776;  Shubael  Peck  of  Rehoboth,  Colonel, 
July  1,  1781  (name  not  in  Massachusetts  roster);  Peleg  Sherman 
of  Swansea,  Colonel,  April  20,  1785;  Frederick  Drown,  Rehoboth, 
Lieutenant-Colonel,  July  19,  1791;  Eliphalet  Slack,  Rehoboth, 
Colonel,  July  19,  1791;  Samuel  Carpenter,  Rehoboth,  Lieutenant- 
Colonel,  March  14, 1796;  Joseph  Wheaton,  Jr.,  Rehoboth,  Colonel, 
May  22,  1799;  Philip  Bowers,  Somerset,  Colonel,  Aug.  24,  1801; 
Christopher  Blanding,  Rehoboth,  Lieutenant-Colonel  Comman- 
dant, Sept.  7,  1802;  Abiah  Bliss,  Rehoboth,  Lieutenant-Colonel 
Com.,  April  11, 1805;  Joseph  Kellog,  Somerset,  Lieutenant-Colonel 

1147] 


148  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Com.,  May  21,  1807;  Abel  Shorey,  Rehoboth,  Lieutenant-Colonel 
Com.,  April  23,  1808;  Samuel  Bourn,  Somerset,  Lieutenant-Col- 
onel Com.,  March  29,  1810;  Abraham  Ormsbee,  Rehoboth,  Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Com.,  May  27,  1811;  Ebenezer  Hunt,  Rehoboth, 
Lieutenant-Colonel  Com.,  July  4, 1815,  breveted  Colonel  June  20, 
1816;  John  Mason,  Swansea,  Lieutenant-Colonel  Com.,  July  1, 
1816;  Robert  Peck,  Rehoboth,  Colonel,  Aug.  24,  1818;  Simeon 
Wheeler,  Rehoboth,  Lieutenant-Colonel,  Jan.  14,  1819;  Hail 
Wood,  Swansea,  Lieutenant-Colonel,  July  28, 1821;  Rufus  P.  Bar- 
rows, Rehoboth,  Colonel,  July  28,  1821;  Cyrus  M.  Wheaton,  Re- 
hoboth, Colonel,  Aug.  28,  1826;  William  Peck,  Dighton,  Colonel, 
Aug.  27,  1828,  promoted  to  Brigadier-General;  Lyndal  Bowen, 
Rehoboth,  Colonel,  Oct.  23,  1830;  John  B.  Read,  Pawtucket,  Col- 
onel, April  5, 1834;  Ephraim  Moulton,  Rehoboth,  Lieutenant-Col- 
onel, Sept.  15,  1837;  Seth  Wood,  Seekonk,  Colonel,  Sept.  28, 1837. 

These  lists  record  only  the  last  and  highest  office  held  by  each 
man  named,  with  date  of  his  commission: — 

Abiel  Trafton,  Swansea,  Major,  July  19,  1791;  Valentine  Mar- 
tin, Rehoboth,  Adjutant,  Oct.  1,  1791;  Isaac  Fowler,  Rehoboth, 
Surgeon,  April  11,  1794;  Samuel  Bliss  2d,  Rehoboth,  Adjutant, 
April  11,  1796;  George  W.  Peck,  Rehoboth,  Quartermaster, 
April  11,  1805;  Allen  Munro,  Rehoboth,  Major,  April  11,  1805; 
Otis  Thompson,  Rehoboth,  Chaplain,  May  6, 1806;  John  Winslow, 
Rehoboth,  Surgeon,  Aug.  27, 1807;  John  Starkweather,  Rehoboth, 
Surgeon's  Mate,  April  27,  1807;  James  Thayer,  Rehoboth, 
Surgeon's  Mate,  Jan.  14, 1809;  James  Bliss  3d,  Rehoboth,  Quarter- 
master, Jan.  14,  1809;  Theophilus  Hutchins,  Seekonk,  Surgeon's 
Mate,  Aug.  25,  1812;  Jonathan  Wheaton,  Rehoboth,  Adjutant, 
March  22,  1822;  Otis  Goff,  Rehoboth,  Major,  Aug.  28,  1826; 
George  Bliss,  Rehoboth,  Surgeon's  Mate,  Dec.  28, 1828;  Ira  Bar- 
rows, Pawtucket,  Surgeon's  Mate,  May  16,  1829;  Benoni  Car- 
penter, Pawtucket,  Surgeon,  Jan.  1,  1838;  Artemas  L.  Brown, 
Swansea,  Surgeon's  Mate,  Dec.  29,  1838. 

Men  named  in  the  following  list  holding  a  captain's  commission 
were  Rehoboth  men  unless  otherwise  specified.  If  promoted,  their 
names  are  given  under  the  higher  rank.  The  figures  after  each 
officer's  name  represent  the  date  of  his  commission. 

For  a  considerable  period  there  were  four  companies  in  town, 
known  as  the  "Oak  Swamp  Company,"  the  "Palmer's  River 
Company,"  the  "North  Rehoboth  Company,"  and  an  independent 


MILITIA  OF  BRISTOL  COUNTY,  MASS.  149 

company  of  light  infantry  including  some  men  outside  Behoboth, 
of  which  Daniel  L.  Wilmarth  was  captain. 

Israel  Nichols,  commissioned  July  1,  1781;   Daniel  Carpenter, 
July  1,  1781;  Noah  Allen,  July  1,  1781;  Barzilla  Bowen,  Aug.  2, 
1788;  James  Bullock,  Aug.  2,  1788;  Comfort  Hill,  July  20,  1790; 
Daniel  Carpenter,  July  1,  1791;  Job  Pierce,  Sept.  29,  1791;  John 
Vial,  June  23,   1792;    Richard  Walker,  Sept.  2,   1793;    Aaron 
Wheeler,  Jr.,  July  11,  1793;    Joseph  Wheaton,  Dec.  23,  1793; 
Daniel  Cole,  May  27, 1795;  Joel  Bowen,  March  30, 1796;  Stephen 
Burr,  March  10,  1796;  James  GoflF,  June  13,  1799;  Israel  Nichols, 
Jr.,  Sept.  14,  1801;  James  Bliss,  March  30,  1801;  James  French, 
Sept.  20,  1801;   John  Rogerson,  May  4,  1802;   Ezra  Perry,  Jr., 
Sept.  7,  1802;   Elkanah  French,  Jr.,  May  14,  1803;   Abel  Bliss, 
March  4,  1803;   Pardon  Allen,  April  23,  1805;  Allen  Cole,  April 
24,  1805;  Hazard  Burr,  May  18,  1805;  Stephen  Carpenter,  April 
23,  1805;   Abel  Shorey,  April  25,  1805;   Constant  Cole,  April  5, 
1806;  Lewis  Wade,  March  31,  1806;  Jonathan  Peck,  Jr.,  May  26, 
1806;  Sylvanus  P.  Martin,  Aug.  26,  1807;  Loring  Cushing,  Sept. 
13,  1808;  Thomas  Munro,  June  23,  1809;  Joseph  Nichols,  June 
22,  1809  (Oak  Swamp  Company);   Jotham  Bullock,  March  23, 
1809;  Joseph  Watson,  April  9, 1810;  Jesse  Drown,  April  10, 1810; 
Lemuel  Carpenter,  April   13,   1810;    Joseph  Cushing,  June  18, 
1811;    Benjamin  Round,  June  3,  1811;   Simon  Kinnicutt,  June 
5, 1811;  Jacob  Bolkom,  Feb.  21, 1814  (North  Rehoboth  Company); 
Simeon  Wheeler,  June  15,  1816  (promoted);  Wooster  Carpenter, 
Aug.  22,  1816  (Independent  Company);    Asaph  Bliss,  Feb.  22, 
1817;  Joshua  Miller,  March  1,  1817;   Nathan  Hicks  2d,  May  8, 
1819;  Lemuel  Morse,  April  24, 1819  (North  Rehoboth  Company): 
Christopher  Carpenter,  Jr.,  April  21,  1819;    Richard  GoflF,  Jr., 
March  31,   1821;    Jeremiah  Wheeler,  June  29,   1822  (Palmer's 
River  Company) ;   Isaac  Pierce,  Jr.,  April  26,  1823  (Oak  Swamp 
Company);    William  Cole,  May  21,   1823;    Benjamin  Horton, 
April  20,  1825;    Ezra  Miller,  April  22,  1825;    Nathan   B.  GoflF, 
Nov.  4,  1826;  Noah  Peck,  Sept.  11,  1826;  Jarvis  B.  Smith,  Sept. 
13,  1826;  Daniel  L.  Wilmarth,  April  27,  1826  (Independent  Com- 
pany);  Hezekiah  Hicks,  Jr.,  Sept.  9,  1826;   William  B.  Bowen, 
June  20,  1829;  Philip  Nichols,  March  28,  1829;  Horace  Bullock, 
June  17,  1829;    George  W.  Bliss,  June  23,  1832  (promoted  to 
Major);    Nelson  Peck,  Sept.  13,  1837;    Benjamin  Horton,  Jr., 
May  22,  1839. 


150  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Rehoboth  Men  bearing  a  Lieutenant's  Commission* 

WITH  THE  DATE  OF  EACH  Man's  COMMISSION 

Second  Lieutenants  are  Specified. 

Jeremiah  Wheeler,  commissioned  Sept.  3,  1767;  Otis  Peck* 
July  1,  1781;  Nathan  Hix,  July  1»  1781;  Stephen  Bourne,  July  1, 
1781;  Miles  Shorey,  2d  Lieutenant,  July  1,  1781;  Benjamin  Bos- 
worth,  2d  Lieutenant,  July  1,  1781;  John  Macomber,  2d  Lieu- 
tenant, July  1,  1781;  Nathan  Hix,  July  1,  1781;  Caleb  Mason, 
April  20,  1785;  Joshua  Fisher,  April  20,  1785;  Peter  Read,  April 
20,  1785;  Jabez  Pierce,  2d  Lieutenant,  April  20,  1785;  Philip 
Peck,  Aug.  2,  1788;  Jonathan  Ide,  2d  Lieutenant,  Aug.  2,  1788; 
Joel  Bowen,  June  23,  1792;  Sylvester  Bowers,  Sept.  2,  1793; 
Lewis  Ormsbee,  Aug.  20,  1793;  John  Smith  3d,  July  11,  1793; 
Asa  Bullock,  Jan.  16,  1794;  John  Pierce,  Sept.  28,  1795;  James 
Goff,  March  8,  1796;  David  Cooper,  March  10, 1796;  George  W. 
Walker,  March  10,  1796;  Joshua  Smith,  2d  Lieutenant,  March 
30,  1796;  Daniel  Perrin,  May  17,  1799;  Ephraim  Martin,  Sept. 
14,  1801;  Joseph  Baker,  June  5,  1802;  Washington  Martin* 
May  4,  1802;  Jotham  Bullock,  March  31, 1806;  Shubael  Horton» 
April  20,  1807;  William  Simmons,  Sept.  27,  1810;  Elijah  A. 
Reed,  April  9,  1810;  Eliphalet  Ide,  April  13,  1810;  George  W. 
Peck,  April  9,  1810;  John  Medbury,  Jr.,  June  5,  1811;  Peter 
Carpenter,  Sept.  21,  1812;  Jeremiah  Bosworth,  June  6,  1814; 
Samuel  Carpenter,  May  23,  1814;  Benjamin  Corbin,  March  23, 
1816;  Isaac  Pierce,  Jr.,  May  8,  1819;  Paul  Nye,  April  23,  1825; 
Chauncy  B.  Pierce,  April  22,  1825;  Otis  Nichols,  April  27,  1826; 
Otis  Pierce,  April  22,  1826;  James  B.  Rounds,  April  18,  1827; 
Cyrenus  B.  Rounds,  April  18,  1827;  Caleb  C.  Carpenter,  June  20, 
1829;  Raymond  H.  Burr,  June  17,  1829;  Ira  W.  Carpenter, 
May  25,  1833;  George  T.  Wheeler,  Jan.  19,  1833;  Joseph  W. 
Miller,  Dec.  9,  1837. 

'Rehoboth  Men  with  Commission  op  Ensign 

« 

Richard  Go£F,  Aug.  2,  1788;  Jonathan  Barney,  Dec,  1790; 
Israel  Pierce,  May  6,  1791;  Samuel  French,  Jr.,  June  23,  1792; 
Caleb  Lawton,  Sept.  2,  1793;  Nathan  Smith,  Aug.  28,  1793; 
James  Bliss  2d,  March  8,  1796;  Samuel  Blackington,  March  2, 
1798;  Abner  Darby,  May  17,  1799;  Abel  Wilmarth,  May  18, 
1799;  Charles  Gushing,  May  17,  1799;  Ichabod  Richmond,  March 


MILITIA  OF  BRISTOL  COUNTY,  MASS.  151 

29,  1800;  Esquire  Goff,  March  30,  1801;  Constant  Goff,  March 
22,  1803;  Timothy  Perry,  March  22,  1803;  Benjamin  Armington. 
April  23,  1805;  Joseph  Gushing,  Nov.  28,  1806;  Benjamin 
Round,  May  6,  1806;  William  Woodard,  May  26,  1806;  Amos 
Reed,  May  18,  1807;  Lewis  Carpenter,  Aug.  26,  1807;  Israel 
Pierce,  Jr.,  June  22,  1809;  Steven  Bourn,  April  9, 1810;  Ephraim 
W.  Walker,  April  26,  1810;  Peter  Carpenter,  April  10, 1810  (had 
been  Drum-Major,  promoted  to  Lieutenant) ;  Nathan  Kent,  June 
5,  1811;  Elijah  I.  Sanford,  April  24,  1819;  Wheaton  Bowen, 
May  8,  1819  (left  the  service);  Jonathan  Wheaton,  Jr.,  March 
31,  1821  (promoted  to  Adjutant);  Leonard  Burt,  Dec.  1,  1821; 
Timothy  Fuller,  April  23,  1825;  Joseph  Martin,  April  27,  1826; 
Albert  G.  Peck,  Sept.  11,  1826;  Darius  Cole,  Sept.  13,  1826; 
Leonard  Bigelow,  June  27,  1827;  Gardner  R.  Goff,  June  20, 
1829;  Charles  T.  Wheeler,  March  28,  1829;  Shubael  Goff,  Sr., 
May  22.  1830;  Laben  Barney,  May  25,  1833;  Lyman  Pierce, 
Jan.  19,  1833. 


First  Regiment  Cavalry,  or  **Corps  of  Horse" 

(Rehoboth  men  unless  otherwise  designated.     There  were  two 

squadrons  in  the  second  Brigade,) 

Uriah  Bowen,  1st  Lieutenant,  commissioned  June  28,  1789; 
Timothy  Walker,  Captain,  Aug.  4,  1794;  Moses  Walker,  Jr., 
Cornet,  Aug.  4,  1794  (declined);  James  Trott,  2d  Lieutenant* 
April  3,  1795;  Philip  Walker,  Jr.,  Adjutant,  March  1,  1797;  Lewis 
Wheaton,  Captain,  May  1,  1798;  Cyrenus  Barney,  Lieutenant, 
Nov.  11,  1799;  Jonathan  Chaffee,  Adjutant,  April  22,  1801; 
Asa  Bliss,  Captain,  Oct.  27,  1804;  Benjamin  Peck,  Cornet,  April 
20,  1807;  Seabury  Lawton,  Captain,  April  20,  1807;  Azariah 
Hix,  Lieutenant,  May  2,  1809;  Russell  Smith,  Cornet,  Sept.  1, 
1810;  Samuel  Walker,  Lieutenant,  Sept.  1,  1810;  Allen  Hunt, 
Major,  Sept.  7,  1822;  Samuel  Wheaton,  Lieutenant,  March  3, 
1823;  Daniel  H.  Abell  (Seekonk),  CapUin,  March  3,  1823;  John 
Bucklin  (Seekonk),  Lieutenant,  May  18,  1824;  Davis  Carpenter 
(Seekonk),  Captain,  June  1,  1824;  Benajah  Allen,  Captain,  April 
25,  1825. 

The  few  names  of  Rehoboth  oflScers  which  follow  were  in  the 
Colonial  Militia,  but  the  date  of  their  commission  is  unknown  to 


152  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

the  writer.  The  title  of  most  of  them  b  recorded  on  their  tomb- 
stones:— 

Captain  Samuel  Peck,  died  June  9,  1736;  Captain  Abiah  Car- 
penter»  died  July»  1743;  Captain  Silvanus  Martin  of  the  third 
Company,  Colonel  Thomas  Carpenter's  regiment,  died  Aug.  13» 
1782;  Captain  Ebenezer  Peck,  died  Sept.  18,  1760;  Captain 
Thomas  Peck,  died  April  5,  1763;  Lieutenant  Ephraim  Bliss, 
bom  Aug.  15,  1699;  Captain  Philip  Wheeler,  died  1765;  Ensign 
Ebenezer  Fuller,  died  Oct.  2,  1773;  Lieutenant  Ephraim  Hunt, 
died  Feb.  17,  1776;  Captain  Stephen  Moulton,  died  Sept.  12, 
1786;  Captain  Mial  Pierce,  died  March  15,  1792;  Captain  Na- 
thaniel Bliss,  born  Aug.  28,  1702;  Captain  Jonathan  Bliss,  died 
Jan.  24,  1800;  Captain  Joseph  Barney,  representative  to  General 
Court,  1770-1773. 

In  October  of  each  year  regimental  musters  were  held  at  dif- 
ferent places  in  town.  In  1817  there  was  a  brigade  muster  near 
Stevens'  Comer.  In  1821,  1825,  and  1827  there  were  regimental 
musters  on  the  plain  east  of  the  Village  Cemetery,  on  the  south 
side  of  the  turnpike  (Winthrop  Street).  Some  of  the  musters  were 
held  also  at  South  Rehoboth.  The  last  muster  of  the  regiment 
was  held  under  Colonel  Lyndal  Bowen,  Oct.  16,  1833,  on  the 
Marvel  meadow,  just  west  of  tlie  present  Post-OflSce.  The  line 
consisted  of  300  men  extending  from  east  to  west,  and  facing  the 
north.  The  officers  on  this  occasion  were,  besides  Colonel  Bowen: 
Rev.  Otis  Thompson,  chaplain;  Captains  George  W.  Bliss,  Philip 
Nichols,  and  doubtless  others.  The  earlier  com[)anies  had  become 
consolidated,  e.  g.,  the  "Oak  Swamp"  with  the  ''Palmer's  River.** 
One  of  the  lieutenants  was  Caleb  G.  Carpenter,  with  Gardner  R. 
Goff,  Ensign.  Some  of  die  non-commissioned  officers  were: 
Bradford  B.  Horton,  Seth  Ballou,  Benjamin  Bowen  2d,  and  Sam- 
uel Macomber,  sergeants.  The  musicians  were  I..eonard  Wheeler 
and  Horatio  Peck.  Most  of  the  men  carried  muskets,  a  few  car- 
ried rifles.  Colonel  Bowen  rode  a  spirited  bay  horse  belonging  to 
Grenville  Stevens;  and  came  near  being  unhorsed. 

The  regiment,  according  to  custom,  formed  a  square  while  the 
chaplain  ofTered  his  long  prayer,  sitting  on  his  horse;  wlien  it 
rained,  Amos  Bowen,  more  than  six  feet  tall,  held  an  umbrella 
over  him  until  his  arms  ached.^ 

'The  writer  received  an  account  of  this  muster  from  the  lips  of  Col.  Bowen 
himtelf. 


MILITIA  OF  BRISTOL  COUNTY,  MASS. 


153 


It  is  worthy  of  mention  that  Colonel  Bowen  with  his  regiment 
was  appointed  to  escort  President  Andrew  Jackson  on  his  visit 
to  Paw  tucket,  June  21,  1833.  The  regiment  was  disbanded  April 
24,  1840,  after  a  history  of  one  hundred  and  fifty  years,  all  its 
members  being  discharged  by  a  general  order. 

Note: — The  men  had  to  train  from  eighteen  to  forty-five  years  of  age.  Each 
captain  had  his  company  out  for  military  inspection  on  the  first  Tuesday  in 
May;  he  also  met  his  company  twice  in  the  tall,  besides  the  general  muster 
when  the  whole  regiment  met  to  train.  Each  man  had  to  arm  and  equip  him- 
self with  musket,  a  good  iron  or  steel  ramrod,  a  cartridge-box  containing  twenty- 
four  rounds  of  cartridges,  priming  wire  and  brush,  two  spare  flints  and  knap- 
sack. The  town  furnished  cartridges  on  muster  day.  The  old  powder-house 
stood  at  the  southwest  corner  of  the  Village  Cemetery. 


Capt.  Hunt's  Company,  Rehoboth  Militia,  Nov.  24,  1710 

(From  an  old  manuscript  dim  with  age.) 


Blanden,  Daniel. 
Blanden,  Noah. 
Blanden,  Obadiah. 
Blanden,  Samuel. 
Blanden,  William. 
Bliss,  Jonathan. 
Bliss,  Samuel. 
Bliss,  Thomas. 
Bosworth,  Jabez. 
Bos  worth,  Jonathan. 
Bowen,  James. 
Brag,  John. 
Brag,  Richard. 
Brag,  Thomas. 
Bullock,  Ebenezer. 
Bullock,  Samuel. 
Carpenter,  Abraham. 
Carpenter,  Jotham. 
Carter,  Isaac. 
Carter,  Thomas. 
ChalTc,  Jonathan. 
ChafTe,  Thomas. 
Fuller,  Samuel. 
Gernsey,  Joseph. 
Gurnsey,  Ebenezer. 
11  ix,  Ephriam. 
Hix,  Ephriam,  Jr. 
Horton,  John. 
Horton,  Thomas. 

Hunt, . 

Hunt,  Daniel. 


Hunt,  John. 
Hunt,  Peter. 

Hunt,  Stephen,  Drummer. 
Ingols,  Edmond. 
Kingsley,  Jonathan. 
Lake,  Gershom. 
Martyne,  Ephriam. 
Martyne,  John. 
Martyne,  Militiah. 
Millard,  Ephriam. 
Millard,  Nehemiah. 
Ormsbe,  Ezrah. 
Ormsbe,  Jacob. 
Ormsbe,  Jeremiah. 
Ormsbe,  Jonathan. 
Ormsbe,  Thomas. 
Pain,  Joseph. 
Peck,  Daniel. 
Peck,  Ichabod. 
Peck,  Jethniel. 
Peck,  Joseph,  Jr. 
Peck,  Nathan. 
Peirce,  Ephriam. 
Perry,  David. 
Rediway,  James. 
Rediway,  Preserved. 
Round,  Richard. 
Salisbury,  James. 
Smith,  Ebenezer. 
Smith,  John. 
Smith,  Joshua. 


154 


HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 


Thompson,  John. 
Thrasher,  Arthur. 
Thrasher,  Nathan. 
Thurber,  James. 
West,  John. 
West,  John. 
West,  William. 


Wheton,  Ephriam,  Jr. 
Wheaton,  James. 
Wheeller,  James. 
Whitaker,  Nathaniel. 
Whitaker,  Samuell. 
Willson,  Benjamin. 
Willson,  James. 


[INSCRIPTION.] 

Plymouth  Colony.  This  monument  by  order  of  Government  to  perpetuate 
the  place  on  which  the  late  station  or  Angle  Tree  formerly  stood.  The  Com- 
missioners appointed  b^  the  old  Colonies  of  Plymouth  and  Massachusetts 
to  run  and  establish  this  line  in  1664  were  Robert  Stetson,  Constant  South- 
worth,  Josias  Winslow,  Jos.  Fisher,  Roger  Clap  and  Eleazer  Luther.  They 
began  this  work  the  10th  of  May  the  same  year,  and  marked  a  tree  then 
standing  on  this  spot,  it  being  three  miles  south  of  the  southernmost  part 
of  Charles  River.  Lemuel  KoTlock,  Esq.  was  appointed  Agent  to  cause  this 
monument  to  be  erected  by  order  of  the  Geiierul  Court.  The  Selectmen  of 
the  towns  of  Wrentham  and  Attleborough  were  present,  via:  Klisha  May, 
Ebenezer  Tyler,  and  Caleb  Richardson  Esquires  or  Attleborough. 

From  this  stone  the  line  runs  East  20  degrees  and  a  half  North  to  Accord 
Pond.    Done  at  Wrentham  Nov.  20th  1790  by  Samuel  Fisher  and  Samuel  Jr. 


MitrkiiiK 
nlx-ii  N..rtli  AlllrlHirouKli 


ANGLfVrUKK  MDNl'MKNT 
ry  liplwptpi  rtymniilli  hikI  MaMiirhiixetl!' <» 


iiirIi  niKl    WrfnIliHiii  until  IKHT. 


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1 

CHAPTER  V 

REHOBOTH  SOLDIERS  AND  SAILORS 

IN  THE  CIVIL  WAR 

Great  pains  have  been  taken  to  make  the  following  list  com- 
plete and  accurate.  The  military  archives  of  the  State  have  been 
carefully  examined  for  each  man's  record,  revealing  numerous 
errors  on  the  town  roster  which  are  now  corrected  as  far  as  possible. 
It  is  found  that  many  Rehoboth  men  helped  to  make  up  the  quota 
of  other  towns,  while,  on  the  contrary,  seventeen  of  the  twenty 
who  served  Rehoboth  in  the  navy,  as  well  as  numerous  other 
recruits,  were  furnished  from  outside. 

The  men  from  Rehoboth  who  enlisted  in  Rhode  Island  are  given 
according  to  the  roster  of  that  State.  Most  of  these  men  are 
claimed  by  both  Rhode  Island  and  Rehoboth.  Should  litigation 
arise  each  case  might  have  to  be  settled  by  the  Supreme  Court. 
Some  of  the  men,  however,  served  in  both  states  by  re-enlistment. 
Even  within  the  limits  of  our  own  state  it  is  doubtful  where  cer- 
tain men  should  be  credited.  Much  complexity  arises  from  the 
custom  of  trading  in  men  between  towns  for  the  filling  of  their 
respective  quotas.  A  man  whose  service  was  bought  by  Re- 
hoboth, e.  g.,  might  later  be  disposed  of  to  another  town,  and 
vice  versa;  thus  leading  to  error  in  the  town  records.  The  adjutant- 
general's  list,  however,  is  received  as  authority. 

Rehoboth  men  who  are  known  to  be  credited  elsewhere  arc 
given  under  a  separate  list,  excepting  those  who  enlisted  in  Rhode 
Island,  who,  with  few  exceptions,  are  placed  in  the  accredited 
Rehoboth  list. 

When  the  date  of  one's  muster  is  uncertain,  the  date  of  his  en- 
listment, if  known,  is  given. 

Credit  is  given  to  Sergeant  William  H.  Luther  for  his  courtesy 
in  supplying  certain  facts  within  his  own  observation. 

Rehoboth's  population  in  1860  was  1,932;  its  valuation  was 
$884,436.  The  town  clerk  during  the  war  was  Cyrus  M.  Wheaton, 
and  the  town  treasurer,  George  H.  Carpenter. 

Rehoboth  was  reported  in  1866  to  have  furnished  one  hundred 
and  sixty  men  for  the  war,  which  was  thought  to  be  less  than  the 

(15S] 


156  HISTORY  OF  RBHOBOTH 

actual  number.  The  revised  and  corrected  list  here  given  of  ac- 
credited men  shows  one  hundred  and  sixty-three,  including  the 
seamen. 

Between  May  10,  1861,  and  Oct.,  1865,  inclusive,  no  less  than 
ten  special  town  meetings  were  called  to  act  on  the  enlistment  of 
or  provision  for  the  soldiers  or  their  families.  We  here  refer  to 
the  more  important  of  these. 

At  a  special  town  meeting,  May  1, 1861,  it  was  voted  to  raise 
a  company  of  volunteers  and  borrow  money  as  might  be  needed 
for  their' equipment.  The  following  committee  was  appointed  for 
soliciting  volunteers:  J.  C.  Marvel,  D.  G.  Horton,  N.  B.  Horton, 
Harrison  Willis,  and  M.  R.  Randall. 

At  a  special  meeting  held  July  28,  1862,  it  was  voted  to  pay  a 
bounty  of  $125  to  each  volunteer  who  shall  enlist  for  three  years 
and  be  credited  to  the  town,  if  said  quota  is  filled  by  September. 

At  a  special  meeting,  Aug.  14,  1862,  it  was  voted  to  increase  the 
bounty  paid  to  each  volunteer  for  a  three  years*  enlistment  from 
$125  to  $300. 

At  a  meeting  held  Aug.  22,  1862,  it  was  voted  to  pay  the  sum 
of  $200  to  each  person  who  shall  enlist  as  a  volunteer  for  the  term 
of  nine  months  to  make  up  the  quota  of  the  town  of  300,000 
lately  ordered  by  the  President,  and  the  treasurer  shall  be  author- 
ized to  borrow  $6,600. 

At  a  special  meeting,  Dec.  7, 1863,  Nathl.  B.  Horton  was  chosen 
agent  to  see  that  the  town's  quota  was  filled. 

According  to  Schouler,  ''Massachusetts  in  the  Civil  War,*'  the 
whole  amount  of  money  appropriated  and  expended  by  the  town 
on  account  of  the  war,  exclusive  of  state  aid,  was  $31,032.26. 
The  amount  raised  and  expended  by  the  town  during  the  four 
years  of  war  for  state  aid  to  soldiers'  families  and  afterwards  re- 
paid by  the  Commonwealth,  amounted  to  $6,271.62. 

The  women  of  Rehoboth  contributed  to  the  wants  of  the  soldiers 
by  sending  them  barrels  of  clothing  and  other  articles.  This  was 
done  through  "The  Home  Circle"  and  *'The  Congregational 
Church  Home  Circle." 

The  Rehoboth  Contingent 

Appleby,  Edward.    Drafted.    Mustered  in  Sept.  28,  1863,  Co. 
K,  12th  Mass.  Inf.    Discharged  March  25,  1865.    Vet.  Rel. 


I'KANC'IS  A.  ULISS.  (juartcrniasler  Serges 


WILLIAM    II.   LDTIIKII.  S.tbi 


SOLDIERS  AND  SAILORS  IN  JHE  CIVIL  WAR   157 

Baker,  Otis  Allen.  Enlisted  April  16,  1861,  Co.  A,  1st  Rhode 
Island  Inf.,  for  three  months.  Wounded  in  arm  at  Bull  Run, 
Va.,  July  21,  1861.  Discharged  immediately.  Re-enlisted 
Sept.,  1861,  in  4th  Rhode  Island  Inf.  Sergeant,  promoted  to 
2d  Lieutenant,  Nov.  20,  1861.  Resigned  Sept.  11,  1862. 
Re-enlisted  Sept.  18, 1862,  in  Co.  H,  3d  Mass.  Inf.,  and  com- 
missioned Captain.  Served  with  the  regiment  in  North 
Carolina  until  mustered  out,  June  26,  1863,  at  Lakeville, 
Mass.  Commissioned  Captain  of  the  18th  Mass.  unattached 
Company,  Aug.  6,  1864.  Served  100  days  at  Gallup 's  Island. 
Commissioned  Captain  Dec.  10,  1864,  for  one  year's  service. 
Discharged  May  12,  1865.  Born  in  Rehoboth,  son  of  Ira  S. 
and  Sarah  Ann  (Allen)  Baker.    Died  June  14,  1910,  aged  72. 

Bennett,  George  W.  Mustered  in  Nov.  15,  1864,  1st  Mass. 
Heavy  Artillery.    Discharged  May  6,  1865.    One  year. 

Buss,  Francis  A.  Mustered  in  Oct.,  1861,  Co.  I,  1st  Mass. 
Cavalry.  Re-enlisted  at  the  front,  Jan.  1,  1864;  Quarter- 
master Sergeant.  Discharged  Nov.  27,  1865.  Born  in  Reho- 
both, son  of  Abiah  and  Julia  Ann  (Sturtevant)  Bliss.  Died 
Nov.  17,  1914,  aged  76. 

Bliss,  Francis  V.  Enlisted  Aug.  14,  1862,  Co.  H,  40th  Mass. 
Inf.,  for  three  years.  Wounded  at  Thatcher's  Farm,  Va., 
May  20,  1864.  Discharged  June  23,  1865.  Son  of  Elijah 
and  Sarah  Bliss.    Married.    Died  in  1894. 

Buss,  Gilbert  S.  Mustered  in  Oct.  13,  1862,  Co.  E,  12th  Rhode 
Island  Inf.,  for  nine  months.  Discharged  July  29,  1863. 
Son  of  Gilbert  and  Ardelia  Bliss. 

Bliss,  Joshua  S.  Enlisted  Sept.  18,  1862.  Mustered  in  Sept. 
23,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d  Mass.  Inf.  Discharged  June  26,  1863. 
Nine  months.  Re-enlisted  Aug.  6,  1864,  in  18th  Mass.  un- 
attached Company  for  100  days.  Discharged  Nov.  14,  1864. 
Re-enlisted  Dec.  10, 1864,  in  18th  Mass.  unattached  Company 
for  one  year;  1st  Sergeant.  Discharged  May  12,  1865. 
Born  in  Bristol,  N.Y.    Son  of  Otis  and  Alice  Bliss. 

Bliss,  Thomas.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  C,  4th  Mass. 
Inf.  Born  in  Rehoboth.  Son  of  Abiah  and  Julia  Ann  (Stur- 
tevant) Bliss.    Died  May  18,  1863,  at  Berwick,  La.,  aged  21. 

BoswoRTH,  Gardner  D.  Mustered  in  Feb.  14,  1862,  Co.  L,  3d 
Rhode  Island  Heavy  Artillery.  Discharged  March  17,  1866. 
Son  of  Luther  and  Mary  Bosworth.    Died  189 — . 

Bos  WORTH,  George  H.  Mustered  in  March  4,  1864,  Co.  D,  3d 
Mass.  Cavalry.    Was  absent,  sick,  Sept.  28,  1865. 

Branaghan,  James.  Mustered  in  Oct.  5,  1861,  Co.  H,  3d  Rhode 
Island  Heavy  Artillery.    Discharged  Oct.  5,  1864. 


158  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Brown,  Arnold  DeF.  Mustered  in  May  26,  1862,  Co.  B,  10th 
Rhode  Island  Inf.  under  the  name  DeForest  Brown.  Db- 
charged  at  expiration  of  term;  three  months.  Re-enlisted 
Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  II,  3d  Mass.  Inf.  Discharged  June  26, 
1863.  1st  Sergeant.  Re-enlisted  Sept.  15,  1863,  Co.  K,  3d 
Rhode  Island  Cavalry.  Promoted  to  2d  Lieutenant,  Feb. 
6,  1864.  Acting  quartermaster  of  detachment,  April,  1865, 
and  so  borne  until  June,  1865.  Discharged  Nov.  29,  1865. 
Son  of  £.  Arnold  and  Charlotte  W.  (Peck)  Brown.  Bom  in 
Woodstock,  Ct.    Married.    Died  Dec.  26, 1874,  aged  31. 

Brown,  Edward  P.  Enlisted  Aug.  27,  1862.  Commissioned  2d 
Lieutenant,  Aug.  30,  1862,  Co.  I,  Rhode  Island  Inf.  Pro- 
moted to  1st  Lieutenant  Jan.  13, 1863.  Promoted  to  Captain 
March  2,  1863.  Brevetted  Major  of  Vols,  for  gallant  conduct 
at  Ft.  Sedgwick  and  Petersburg.  Mustered  out  at  his  re- 
quest June  5, 1865.  Son  of  E.  Arnold  and  Charlotte  W.  (Peck) 
Brown.    Died,  1909,  aged  69. 

Brown,  Henry  J.  Enlisted  Aug.  29,  1864,  in  61st  Mass.  Inf.  for 
one  year.    Discharged  June  4,  1865. 

Brown,  Jambs  P.  Mustered  in  May  26,  1862,  Co.  C,  10th  Rhode 
Island  Inf.  Discharged  Sept.  1,  1862;  100  days.  Re-en- 
listed Dec.  31,  1863,  in  Co.  H,  14th  Rhode  Island  Heavy 
Artillery;  2d  Lieutenant.  Son  of  E.  Arnold  and  Charlotte 
W.  (Peck)  Brown.  Died  in  service  at  Donaldsonville,  La., 
Aug.  23,  1865,  aged  20. 

Brownly,  Wiluam  a.  Mustered  in  Nov.  30,  1864,  7th  Mass. 
Battery  Light  Artillery  for  one  year.  Discharged  Nov.  10, 
1865.    Corporal. 

BuLJXX)K,  Gilbert  D.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d 
Mass.  Inf.  Discharged  June  26,  1803.  Nine  months.  Son 
of  Timothy  and  Phebe  (Chace)  Bullock.  Born  in  Rehoboth. 
Married.   Died  in  Winter  of  1904,  aged  76. 

Carpenter,  Augustus  W.  Mustered  in  Dec.  4,  1861,  Co.  I,  1st 
Mass.  Cavalry.  Transferred  to  4th  regiment.  Re-enlisted 
Jan.  1,  1864.  Discharged  Nov.  27,  1865.  Quartermaster  ser- 
geant. Son  of  Thomas  and  Eliza  (French)  Carpenter.  Died 
at  Stoughton,  Mass. 

Carpenter,  Isaac  H.  Enlisted  Sept.  18,  1862,  Co.  G,  4th  Mass. 
Inf.,  for  nine  months.  Discharged  Aug.  28,  1863.  Son  of 
Ira  and  Mary  Ann  (Hall)  Carpenter.  Died  at  Taunton, 
July,  1866,  aged  24. 

Chaffee,  Jonathan.  Mustered  in  Aug.  21,  1861,  Co.  E,  3d 
Rhode  Island  Heavy  Artillery.  Discharged  Aug.  31,  1864. 
Son  of  Jonathan  and  Margaret  Chaffee. 


SOLDIERS  AND  SAILORS  IN  THE  CIVIL  WAR   159 

Chaffee,  Willard.  Mustered  in  Aug.  21,  1861,  Co.  E,  3d  Rhode 
Island  Heavy  Artillery.  Son  of  Jonathan  and  Margaret 
Chaffee.  Killed  in  battle  at  James  Island,  S.  C,  June  16» 
1862. 

Clark,  John  J.  Enlisted  and  mustered  in  Aug.  27,  1864,  Co.  B» 
61st  Mass.  Inf.    Discharged  June  4,  1865. 

Cole,  Francis  G.  Enlisted  Aug.  14,  1862.  Mustered  in  Sept.  1» 
1862,  Co.  H,  40th  Mass.  Inf.  Discharged  Feb.  16,  1865.  for 
disability.  Son  of  George  C.  and  Mary  A.  (Rounds)  Cole. 
Born  in  Rehoboth. 

CoPELAND,  Cyrus  F.  Mustered  in  Sept.  16,  1862,  Co.  K,  43d 
Mass.  Inf.  Discharged  July  30,  1863.  Nine  months.  Res- 
idence, North  Bridgewater. 

Crane,  David.  Mustered  in  Aug.  16,  1864,  Co.  E,  1st  Mass. 
Cavalry.  Discharged  May  8,  1865.  One  year.  Residence^ 
Haverhill. 

Curtis,  George  E.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d  Mass. 
Inf.  Discharged  June  26,  1863.  Re-enlisted  Dec.  10,  1864, 
in  18th  Mass.  unattached  Company.  Discharged  May  12, 
1865.    One  year.    Son  of  Edward  and  Eliza  Curtis. 

Daley,  John.  Mustered  in  Aug.  17,  1864,  2d  Mass.  Cavalry. 
Discharged  July  2,  1865. 

Davis,  Albanus  K.  Mustered  in  Aug.  29,  1864,  Co.  B,  61st 
Mass.  Inf.    Discharged  June  4,  1865.    One  year. 

Davis,  George  L.  Drafted.  Mustered  in  Aug.  28,  1863,  Co.  A, 
22d  Mass.  Inf.  Son  of  Hiram  and  Almeda  (Pettis)  Davb» 
Died  in  hospital  at  Willett's  Point,  L.I.,  July  25,  1864,  from 
wound  in  hip,  received  near  Petersburg,  Va.    Age,  21. 

Davis,  James  C.  Mustered  in  Oct.  29,  1861,  Co.  F,  1st  Rhode 
Island  Light  Artillery.  Son  of  James  M.  and  Lois  (Parish) 
Davis.     Killed  at  Drury's  Bluff,  Va.,  May  16,  1864,  aged  23. 

Douglass,  Charles  E.  Mustered  in  Dec.  16,  1861,  Co.  A,  1st 
Rhode  Island  Inf.  Promoted  to  2d  Lieutenant  Co.  F,  Feb. 
14,  1863.    Discharged  Jan.  5,  1865,  by  special  order. 

Drown,  Hiram  H.  Drafted.  Mustered  in  Aug.  19,  1863,  Co.  H, 
16th  Mass.  Inf.  Son  of  Hiram  and  Miriam  (Go(f)  Drown. 
Died  in  camp  Jan.  7,  1864,  near  Brandy  Station,  Va.  Bur- 
ied at  Rehoboth  Village. 

Drury,  Martin  V.  Mustered  in  Nov.  23,  1864,  61st  Mass.  Inf. 
Discharged  July  16, 1865.    Corporal.    One  year. 

D WELLY,  John.  Mustered  in  Sept.  7,  1864,  Co.  F,  2d  Mass. 
Heavy  Artillery.  Transferred  to  17th  Mass.  Inf.  Discharged 
June  30,  1865. 


160  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Parrel,  Dominick.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23, 1862,  Co.  H,  3d  Mass. 
Inf.  Discharged  June  26,  1863.  Re-enlisted  in  132d  N.Y. 
Vols. 

FoRAN,  Patrick.  Mustered  in  Nov.  22,  1864,  10th  Mass.  Bat- 
tery Light  Artillery.    Discharged  June  9,  1865.    One  year. 

Prancis,  Darius  P.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23, 1862,  Co.  H,  3d  Mass. 
Inf.  Discharged  June  26, 1863.  Son  of  Elbridge  G.  and  Lydia 
W.  (Talbot)  Prancis.   Died  April  26,  1891. 

Prancis  David  W.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d  Mass. 
Inf.  Discharged  June  26,  1863.  Nine  months.  Re-enlisted 
Aug.  6,  1864,  in  18th  Mass.  unattached  Company.  Dis- 
charged Nov.  14, 1864.  Corporal.  100  days.  Son  of  Brad- 
ford and  Abby  (Westcott)  Prancis.  Born  in  Rehoboth.  Died, 
1913,  aged  72. 

Prazzell,  Wiluam  H.  Mustered  in  March  17,  1864,  Co.  B,  3d 
Mass.  Cavalry.    Discharged  Sept.  26,  1865. 

Preelove,  Henry  B.  Mustered  in  Peb.  27,  1862,  1st  Rhode 
Island  Cavalry.  Died  at  Andersonville  prison,  Ga.,  May  8, 
1864. 

Prost,  Henry  F.  Mustered  in  Aug.  1,  1861,  Co.  G,  2d  New 
York  Heavy  Artillery.  Corporal.  Son  of  William  P.  and 
Lois  (Bliss)  Frost.  Died  of  bronchitis,  Feb.  20,  1864,  aged 
18,  at  Port  Corcoran,  Va. 

Prost,  Sylvanus.  Enlisted  Aug.  26,  1864,  1st  Mass.  Heavy 
Artillery  for  one  year.    Discharged  July  22,  1865. 

Puller,  Georqe  E.  Mustered  in  Oct.  29,  1861,  Co.  P,  1st  Rhode 
Island  Light  Artillery.  Wounded  at  Newberne,  N.  C.  Taken 
prisoner.  Exchanged  and  discharged  for  disability  Sept.  1, 
1862.    Son  of  Timothy  and  Olive  (Ilorton)  Fuller. 

Puller,  Jason  W.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d  Mass. 
Inf.  Discharged  for  disability  March  27,  1863.  Wagoner. 
Son  of  Timothy  and  Olive  (Horton)  Fuller.    Married. 

Gillespie,  James  P.  Enlisted  Nov.  25,  1864,  23d  Mass.  Inf. 
Unassigned  recruit,  rejected  Dec.  28,  1864. 

GoFF,  Albert  W.  Mustered  in  Aug.  6,  1864,  18th  Mass.  un- 
attached Company  for  100  days.  Discharged  Nov.  14,  1864. 
Son  of  Ephraim  and  Laura  A.  Goff. 

GoFF,  Alfred  H.  Mustered  in  Nov.  15,  1861,  Co.  C,  2d  Rhode 
Island  Vols.  Wounded  at  Salem  Heights,  Va.,  May  3,  1863. 
Discharged  Nov.  15,  1864.  (Co.  E,  Vet.  Rel.  Corps.)  Son  of 
Alfred  and  Mary  Goff. 

GoFF,  Andrew  J.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d  Mass. 
Inf.    Discharged  June  26,  1863.    Nine  months.    Re-enlisted 


SOLDIERS  AND  SAILORS  IN  THE  CIVIL  WAR   161 

Aug.  6,  1864,  in  18th  Mass.  unattached  Company.  Dis- 
charged Nov.  14,  1864.  100  days.  Son  of  Ephraim  and  Laura 
A.  GofT.  Died  March,  1899. 

GoFF,  Gamaliel.  Enlisted  Sept.  30,  1861,  Battery  E,  Rhode 
Island  Light  Artillery.  Discharged  Feb.  2,  1863,  for  dis- 
ability. Married.  Son  of  Baylies  and  Mercy  Goff.  Died  1913. 

GoFF,  George  O.  Enlisted  Dec.  31,  1861,  Co.  M,  3d  Rhode 
Island  Heavy  Artillery.  Discharged  March  17,  1865.  Son  of 
Azariah  and  Belinda  Goff. 

GoFF,  Henry  A.  Enlisted  Dec.  31,  1861,  Co.  D,  3d  Rhode  Island 
Heavy  Artillery.  Discharged  March  17, 1865.  Son  of  Joseph 
and  Patience  Goff. 

Goff,  Henry  C.  Mustered  in  Aug.  6,  1864,  18th  Mass.  unat- 
tached Company.  Discharged  Nov.  14,  1864.  100  days. 
Son  of  George  E.  and  Maria  Goff.  Died  Sept.,  1900,  aged  64. 

Goff,  Willard  J.  Enlisted  Sept.  8,  1862,  Co.  B,  127th  New 
York  Battery.  Discharged  Aug.,  1865.  Son  of  Alfred  and 
Mary  Goff.    Died  in  Rehoboth,  May,  1880. 

Goff,  William  D.  Mustered  in  Aug.  6,  1864,  18th  Mass.  un- 
attached Company.  Discharged  Nov.  14,  1864.  100  days. 
Son  of  Nathan  and  Polly  Goff. 

Green,  George.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d  Mass. 
Inf.  Discharged  June  26,  1863.  Married.  Son  of  Thomas 
and  Ruth  Green.   Died  Jan.,  1900. 

Haley,  John.  Enlisted  Aug.  16,  1861,  Co.  F,  3d  Rhode  Island 
Heavy  Artillery.  Discharged  Oct.  5,  1864.  Re-enlisted  Dec. 
10,  1864,  in  18th  Mass.  unattached  Company.  Discharged 
May  12,  1865. 

Hanly,  Andrew  F.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d  Mass. 
Inf.  Discharged  June  26,  1863.  Re-enlisted  Oct.  10,  1863, 
3d  Rhode  Island  Cavalry.  Discharged  1865.  Son  of  James 
and  Margaret  Hanly. 

Hanly,  Edward.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d  Mass. 
Inf.  Discharged  June  26,  1863.  Re-enlisted  Aug.  6,  1864, 
in  18th  Mass.  unattached  Company.  Discharged  Nov.  14, 
1864.  Corporal.  Son  of  James  and  Margaret  Hanly.  Died 
Sept.,  1910. 

Hanly,  James.  Mustered  in  Aug.  6,  1864,  18th  Mass.  unattached 
Company.  Discharged  Nov.  14,  1864.  100  days.  Son  of 
James  and  Margaret  Hanly. 

Harlow  Aaron  S.  Mustered  in  Sept.  18,  1862,  Co.  K,  43d  Mass. 
Inf.  Discharged  July  16,  1863.  Residence,  North  Bridge- 
water. 

11 


162  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTII 

Harrington,  Daniel.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d 
Mass.  Inf.    Discharged  June  26,  1863.    Re-enlisted  Oct.  10, 

1863,  Co.  C,  3d  Rhode  Island  Cavalry.  Discharged  Nov.  19, 
1865.  Married.  Son  of  John  and  Mary  Harrington.  Died 
April  12,  1891. 

Harris,  Jabbz  L.  Mustered  in  Oct.  30,  1861,  Co.  C,  4th  Rhode 
Island  Inf.  Discharged  for  disability,  Feb.  27,  1863.  Son  of 
Woodbury  and  Elizabeth  Harris. 

Heyworth,  George.  Enlisted  Aug.  27,  1864,  61st  Mass.  Inf. 
for  one  year.    Discharged  June  20,  1865. 

Hicks,  John  F.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d  Mass. 
Inf.  Discharged  June  26,  1863.  Nine  months.  Re-enlisted 
Aug.  1,  1864,  18th  Mass.  unattached  Company.  Discharged 
Nov.  14,  1864.  100  days.  Son  of  John  and  Avice  (Baker) 
Hicks. 

HiQQiNS,  Michael.  Mustered  in  Oct.  5,  1861,  Co.  A,  3d  Rhode 
Island  Heavy  Artillery.  Promoted  to  2d  Lieutenant  June  6, 
1863;  to  1st  Lieutenant,  Feb.  17,  1864.  Discharged  March 
17,  1865,  at  Hilton  Head,  S.C. 

Hill,  Charles.  Enlisted  March  16,  1864,  3d  Mass.  Cavalry. 
Deserted  May  16,  1864. 

Hill,  Thomas.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d  Mass. 
Inf.  Discharged  June  26,  1863.  Re-enlisted  Dec.  10, 1864,  in 
18th  Mass.  unattached  Company  for  one  year.  Discharged 
May  12,  1865.    Married.    Son  of  Thomas. 

HoRTON,  Alfred  A.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d  Mass. 
Inf.  Discharged  June  26,  1863.  Nine  months.  Re-enlisted 
Aug.  6,  1864,  IStli  Mass.  unattached  Company.  Discharged 
Nov.  14,  1864.  100  days.  Son  of  Benson  and  Permilla  Hor- 
ton.    Born  in  Rehoboth. 

HoRTON,  CiiAiiLES  D.  Enlisted  May  20,  1862,  Co.  A,  9th  Rhode 
Island  Inf.    Discharged  Sept.  2,  1862.    Re-enlistcd  Aug.  6, 

1864,  18th  Mass.  unattached  Company.  Discharged  Nov. 
14,1864.  Corporal.  100  days.  Son  of  Seth  and  Olive  (Briggs) 
Horton.      Born  in  Swansea. 

HoRTON,  Edwin  R.  M.  Enlisted  Aug.  20,  1861.  Co.  A,  3d  Rhode 
Island  Heavy  Artillery.  Son  of  Darius  and  Harriet  (Baker) 
Horton.  Died  of  fever  at  Hilton  Head,  S.  C,  Jan.  17,  1862, 
aged  22  years.     Buried  at  Cole  Brook  Cemetery. 

HoRTON,  Francis  W.  Enlisted  Aug.  20,  1861,  Co.  A,  3d  Rhode 
Island  Heavy  Artillery.  Re-enlisted.  Wounded  and  taken 
prisoner  at  Gainsville,  Fla.,  Aug.  17,  1864.  Discharged  Aug. 
31,  1864.    Son  of  Darius  and  Harriet  (Baker)  Horton. 

HoRTON,  Freeman  F.  Mustered  in  Aug.  6,  1864,  18th  Mass. 
unattached  Company.    Discharged  Nov.  14,  1864.    100  days. 


SOLDIERS  AND  SAILORS  IN  THE  CIVIL  WAR    163 

HoRTON,  John  F.  Mustered  in  May  2,  1861,  1st  Rhode  Island 
Light  Artillery.  Discharged  Aug.  6,  1861.  Three  months. 
Residence,  Providence,  R.I.  Son  of  John  W.  and  Mary  Ann 
(Wheeler)  Horton. 

HoRTON,  Nathan  B.  Mustered  in  Aug.  18,  1862,  Co.  H,  40th 
Mass.  Inf.  Son  of  Seth  and  Olive  (Briggs)  Horton.  Died 
Oct.  19,  1864,  while  on  a  furlough. 

Jansen,  Soren.  Enlisted  March  18,  1864,  Co.  M,  3d  Mass. 
Cavalry.    Died  July  16,  1864. 

Kent,  Alba  B.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d  Mass. 
Inf.    Discharged  June  26, 1863.    Nine  months. 

Lake,  Joseph  W.  Enlisted  May  26,  1862,  Co.  C,  10th  Rhode 
Island  Inf.  Discharged  Sept.  1,  1862.  Three  months.  Re- 
enlisted  Dec.  10,  1864,  in  18th  unattached  Mass.  Company. 
Discharged  May  12,  1865.  Corporal.  Son  of  Williams  and 
Mary  C.  (Wheaton)  Lake.    Born  in  Rehoboth. 

Lane,  Ebenezer  M.  Drafted  July  15,  1863.  Killed  at  Spott- 
sylvania  Court  House,  May  12,  1864,  aged  36.  Son  of  Isaiah 
and  Mercy  (Drown)  Lane. 

Larson,  Charles.  Mustered  in  March  16,  1864,  Co.  B,  28th 
Mass.  Inf.  Absent  sick,  from  May  29,  1864.  Hence  no  dis- 
charge. 

Leonard,  Joseph  F.  Enlisted  Aug.  1,  1864,  18th  Mass.  unat- 
tached Company.  Discharged  Nov.  14,  1864.  100  days. 
Son  of  George  W.  and  Ruth  Leonard.    Married. 

Leonard,  Melvin  G.  Enlisted  Dec.  10,  1864,  18th  Mass.  un- 
attached Company.  Discharged  May  12,  1865.  One  year. 
Married. 

Lewis,  James  M.  Mustered  in  Jan.  1,  1863,  2d  Rhode  Island 
Cavalry.  Transferred  to  Co.  F,  1st  La.  Cavalry,  Aug.  24, 
1863.  Transferred  to  Co.  I,  3d  Rhode  Island  Cavalry,  Jan. 
14,  1864.  Discharged  Nov.  29,  1865.  Son  of  Timothy  and 
Louisa  (Horton)  Lewis. 

Lothrop,  Henry  H.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d  Mass. 
Inf.  Discharged  June  26, 1863.  Corporal.  Married.  Son  of 
William  H.  and  Lydia  M.  (Pearse)  Lothrop.   Lost  at  sea,  1865. 

Luther,  Allen  B.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d  Mass. 
Inf.  Discharged  June  26,  1863.  Drummer.  Son  of  Ira  and 
Nancy  (Bowen)  Luther.     Died  1864,  aged  21. 

Luther,  Hale  S.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d  Mass. 
Inf.  Discharged  June  26,  1863.  Son  of  Levi  and  Abigail 
(Bliss)  Luther.    Married.     Died  April  22,  1895,  aged  65. 


164  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Luther,  Wiluam  H.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d 
Mass.  Inf.    Discharged  June  26,  1863.    Re-enlisted  Aug.  1, 

1864,  in  18th  Mass.  unattached  Company.    Discharged  Nov. 

14,  1864.  100  days.  Corporal.  Re-enlisted  Dec.  10,  1864, 
18th  Mass.  unattached  Company  for  one  year.  Discharged 
May  12,  1865.  Sergeant.  Son  of  Rhodolphus  and  Lepha 
(GoflF)  Luther. 

Macdonald,  John  2d.  Enlisted  Aug.  17,  1864,  Co.  K,  4th  Mass. 
Heavy  Artillery.  Discharged  July  13,  1865.  One  year. 
Residence,  New  Hampshire. 

Magill,  Benjamin.  Drafted  July  16,  1863,  Co.  C,  54th  Mass. 
(colored)  Inf.    Died  in  hospital  at  Morris  Island,  S.C.,  Oct. 

15,  1864. 

Magoun,  Charles  W.  Mustered  in  Aug.  25,  1864,  Co.  M,  3d 
Mass.  Heavy  Artillery.  Discharged  Oct.  5,  1864  (special 
favor,  etc.). 

Martin,  Elbridqe  J.  Enlisted  June  16,  1861,  Co.  C,  7th  Mass. 
Inf.    Deserted  Jan.  20,  1863.    Son  of  Benjamin. 

Martin,  Hiram  L.  Enlisted  May  7, 1861,  7th  Mass.  Inf.  Drop- 
ped from  the  Rolls  April  26,  1864. 

Martin,  Kinqbley.  Enlisted  June  16,  1861,  Co.  C,  7th  Mass. 
Inf.    Discharged  July  3,  1863. 

McAllister,  Clarence.  Enlisted  Sept.  1,  1864,  Co.  E,  61st 
Mass.  Inf.    Discharged  June  4,  1865.    One  year. 

McElroy,  Kennedy.  Enlisted  Aug.  19,  1862,  Co.  I,  38th  Mass. 
Inf.    Three  years.    Deserted  Nov.  10,  1862. 

McHenry,  Paul.  Enlisted  Nov.  16,  1864,  Co.  L,  3d  Mass. 
Heavy  Artillery.    Deserted  July  22,  1865.    One  year. 

McKenna,  Edward.  Enlisted  Nov.  16,  1864,  Co.  G,  2d  Mass. 
Cavalry.    Discharged  July  20,  1865.    One  year. 

Moulton,  James  F.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23, 1862,  Co.  H,  3d  Mass. 
Inf.  Discharged  June  26,  1863.  Nine  months.  Son  of 
James  B.  and  Abigail  W.  (Carpenter)  Moulton.  Died  May 
4, 1883,  aged  43. 

Moulton,  Stephen  C.  Enlisted  Sept.  23,  1861,  Co.  I,  1st  Mass. 
Cavalry.     Re-enlisted  June  1,  1864.     Discharged  Nov.  27, 

1865.  Son  of  James  B.  and  Abigail  W.  (Carpenter)  Moulton. 
Died  1908,  aged  71. 

MuNROE,  Benjamin  C.  Enlisted  Jan.  2,  1864,  Co.  C,  58th  Mass. 
Inf.  Killed  near  Spottsylvania  Court  House,  Va.,  May  15, 
1864. 

Murphy,  Edward  P.  Enlisted  Aug.  29,  1862,  Co.  H,  2d  Mass. 
Cavalry.    Discharged  July  20, 1865.   Three  years. 


SOLDIERS  AND  SAILORS  IN  THE  CIVIL  WAR   166 

O'Brien,  John.  Enlisted  Nov.  21,  1864,  Co.  G,  61st  Mass.  Inf. 
Discharged  by  G.  C.  M.,  June  22,  1865. 

Oldridoe,  Daniel  H.  Mustered  in  Aug.  6,  1864,  18th  Mass. 
unattached  Company.  Discharged  Nov.  14,  1864.  100  days. 
Son  of  Samuel. 

Olsen,  Jens.  Enlisted  March  18,  1864,  3d  Mass.  Cavalry.  De- 
serted as  recruit  without  joining  any  regiment. 

Parker,  George  W.  Mustered  in  Oct.  29,  1861,  Battery  F,  1st 
Rhode  Island  Light  Artillery.  Discharged  Oct.  28,  1864. 
Three  years. 

Paul,  Benjamin  F.  Enlisted  Sept.  18,  1862,  Co.  G,  4th  Mass. 
Inf.    Discharged  Sept.,  1863.    Died  1863. 

Payne,  John  C.  Enlisted  Jan.  7, 1864,  Co.  E,  4th  Mass.  Cavalry. 
Discharged  Nov.  14,  1865.    Married. 

Peacock,  Alonzo.  Enlisted  Aug.  7,  1864,  Co.  K,  4th  Mass. 
Heavy  Artillery.    Discharged  June  17,  1865.    One  year. 

Peck,  Edwin  A.  Enlisted  Aug.  14,  1862,  Co.  H,  40th  Mass.  Inf. 
Son  of  Cyril  C.  2d  and  Hannah  H.  (Bliss)  Peck.  Died  Jan. 
5,  1864,  at  Hilton  Head,  B.C. 

Peck,  George  G.  Enlisted  May,  1861,  Co.  D,  7th  Mass.  Inf. 
Lost  an  eye  in  battle.  Transferred  to  Vet.  Res.  Corps,  Sept. 
30,  1863.    Corporal.     Discharged  1864. 

Peck,  Thomas  W.  D.  Enlisted  May  26,  1862,  Co.  I,  9th  Rhode 
Island  Inf.  Discharged  Sept.  2,  1862.  Son  of  Philip  and 
Frances  J.  (Barney)  Peck.     Died  in  1900,  aged  55. 

PiiiLUPS,  Alexander.  Enlisted  Aug.  9,  1864,  Co.  B,  1st  Mass. 
Cavalry.    One  year.    Discharged  at  close  of  the  war. 

Pierce,  Abraham.  Enlisted  Oct.  15,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d  Mass.  Inf. 
Discharged  June  26, 1863.  Nine  months.  Son  of  Jeremiah. 
Married.     Died  in  Rehoboth,  Dec.  1,  1890,  aged  62. 

Pierce  (Pearce)  Dexter  D.  Mustered  in  June  6,  1861,  Co.  A, 
1st  Rhode  Island  Light  Artillery.  Discharged  June  17,  1864. 
Died  May,  1915. 

Pierce,  Wheaton.  Enlisted  Aug.  14,  1862,  Co.  H,  40th  Mass. 
Inf.  Son  of  Joshua  and  Betsy  Pierce.  Married.  Killed  by  a 
shell  June  6, 1864,  at  Cold  Harbor,  Va.,  aged  32. 

Pierce,  William  F.  Mustered  in  Aug.  6,  1864,  18th  Mass.  un- 
attached Company.  Discharged  Nov.  14,  1864.  100  days. 
Afterwards  enlisted  in  Vet.  Rel.  Corps. 

Potter,  David.  Mustered  in  Dec.  16,  1861,  Co.  E,  5th  Rhode 
Island  Heavy  Artillery.  Discharged  Nov.  20,  1864,  at  New- 
berne,  N.C. 


166  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Reynolds,  John  M.  Enlisted  Oct.  1,  1862,  Co.  G,  11th  Rhode 
Island  Inf.  Discharged  July  13,  1863.  Nine  months.  Re- 
enlisted  in  3d  Rhode  Island  Cavalry. 

Roach,  James.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d  Mass. 
Inf.    Discharged  June  26,  1863.    Nine  months.    Married. 

Sherman,  Edward  P.  L.  Mustered  in  Aug.  18, 1862,  Co.  H,  40th 
Mass.  Inf.  Married.  Died  at  Ft.  Independence,  Boston, 
1863. 

Simmons,  Francis  H.  Enlisted  Nov.  20,  1861,  Co.  F,  2gth  Mass. 
Inf.    Died  at  Harper's  Ferry,  Va.,  Oct.  12,  1862. 

Smith,  Albert  F.  Enlisted  Sept.  26,  1862,  Co.  G,  4th  Mass. 
Inf.  Son  of  William  and  Eliza  (White)  Smith.  Died  Aug. 
12,  1863,  at  Cairo,  III.,  while  on  his  way  home,  aged  21. 

Steimle,  Theodore.  Enlisted  Nov.  17,  1864,  Co.  G,  19th  Mass. 
Inf.    Discharged  June  30,  1865.    One  year. 

Thatcher,  James  J.  Mustered  in  Aug.  6,  1864,  18th  Mass.  un- 
attached Company.  Discharged  Nov.  14,  1864.  100  days. 
Re-enlisted  Dec.  10,  1864,  18th  Mass.  unattached  Company. 
Discharged  May  12,  1805.    One  year. 

Thayer,  Lorenzo  J.  Enlisted  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  C,  47th  Mass. 
Inf.  Died  Aug.  16,  1863,  of  fever,  while  in  service  at  Cleve- 
land, O.    Nine  months. 

Thorp,  John.  Enlisted  Nov.  15,  1864,  Co.  B,  4th  Mass.  Cavalry. 
Discharged  Nov.  14,  1865.    One  year. 

Thresher,  George  II.  Enlisted  Feb.  8,  1864,  Co.  B,  58th  Mass. 
Inf.  Discharged  June  20,  1865,  for  disability.  Three  years. 
Married. 

Thurber,  Francis  W.  Mustered  in  Sept.  1,  1862,  Co.  H,  40th 
Mass.  Inf.  Transferred  Nov.  15,  1864,  to  Vet.  Rel.  Corps. 
Discharged  July  3,  1865.    Three  years. 

Thcjrber,  Jeremiah.  Mustered  in  Sept.  18,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d 
Mass.  Inf.    Discharged  June  26,  1863.    Nine  months. 

Thurber,  Nathaniel.  Enlisted  Dec.  0,  1861,  Co.  G,  20th  Mass. 
Inf.    Discharged  Feb.  12,  1863,  for  disability. 

TiLTON,  Charles  W.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  K,  43d 
Mass.  Inf.    Discharged  July  30,  1863.    Nine  months. 

Towle,  John  W.  Enlisted  Aug.  29,  1864,  Co.  B,  61st  Mass.  Inf. 
Discharged  June  4,  1865.    One  year. 

Trenn,  Henry  Clay.  Mustered  in  Aug.  6,  1864,  18th  Mass. 
unattached  Company.  Discharged  Nov.  14, 1864.  100  days. 
Died  June,  1886.     Interred  at  Burial  Place  Hill. 


SOLDIERS  AND  SAILORS  IN  THE  CIVIL  WAR    167 

Tripp,  George  A.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d  Mass. 
Inf.    Discharged  June  26,  1863.    Nine  months.    Married. 

Tucker,  John  M.  Enlisted  March  16,  1864,  2d  Mass.  Cavahy. 
Deserted,  1864. 

Ulxribren,  Carl.  Enlisted  March  18,  1864,  Co.  M,  3d  Mass. 
Cav.    Died  Nov.  10,  1864,  at  Baltimore. 

Valett,  Alexander.  Enlisted  May,  1861,  Co.  H,  7th  Mass.  Inf. 
Discharged  July  5,  1864.    Three  years. 

ViALL,  George  H.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d  Mass. 
Inf.  Discharged  June  26, 1863.  Nine  months.  Son  of  Samuel 
H.  and  Mary  A.  (Kent)  Viall. 

ViALL,  Samuel  H.  Mustered  in  Oct.  11,  1862,  Co.  A,  43d  Mass. 
Inf.    Discharged  July  30,  1863.    Nine  months. 

Walker,  Arnold  A.  Enlisted  June  6,  1861,  Co.  A,  1st  Rhode 
Island  Light  Artillery.  Discharged  on  Surgeon's  certificate, 
Feb.  5,  1863.    Died  in  hospital  in  Washington,  Feb  19,  1863. 

Wheeler,  Parmenus  E.  Mustered  in  Sept.  2,  1861,  24th  Mass. 
Inf.  Promoted  to  2d  Lieutenant  Aug.  1,  1862;  to  1st  Lieu- 
tenant March  7,  1864.  Discharged  Nov.  14,  1864,  at  expira- 
tion of  service.   Son  of  Arunah  and  Melinda  (Mason)  Wheeler. 

Whitaker,  Herbert  A.  Enlisted  Aug.  10,  1864,  22d  Mass.  un- 
attached Company.  Discharged  Nov.  25,  1864.  100  days. 
Re-enlisted  Dec.  10,  1864.  One  year.  Drummer.  Dis- 
charged May  12,  1865. 

Williams,  Caleb.  Mustered  in  Sept.  23,  1862,  Co.  H,  3d  Mass. 
Inf.  Discharged  June  26,  1863.  Nine  months.  Married. 
Died  in  1903. 

List  of  Men  who  were  either  Born  in  Rehoboth  or  Lived 
there  at  some  time,  but  are  credited  elsewhere  in 

THE  State  Roster 

Blanch ARD,  Wiluam  W. 

Blanding,  Abram  O.  Served  during  the  war  as  surgeon  in  the 
22d  Iowa  Inf.  Son  of  James  and  Elizabeth  (Carpenter) 
Blanding.    Died  July  3 1 ,  1892,  aged  69. 

Buss,  Cornelius.    Served  in  an  Illinois  regiment.    Son  of  Elijah. 

Buss,  Edwin  H.    Grandson  of  Elijah. 

Buss,  Wheaton  L.  Served  two  years  in  Co.  A,  17th  Mass.  Inf. 
Son  of  George  W.  and  Betsey  (Bowen)  Bliss.  Born  in  Reho- 
both.   Credited  to  Seekonk. 

Bowen,  Charles.  Served  in  1st  Rhode  Island  Cavalry.  Res- 
idence, North  Rehoboth.     Died  1904,  aged  86. 


168  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

BowEN,  Charles  W.  Served  in  Ist  Rhode  Island  Cavaby.  Son 
of  Charles.    Died  1902»  aged  57. 

BowEN,  Ctrus  a.  Son  of  Charles.  Died  1902,  aged  44.  Father 
and  sons  buried  in  the  ''Stevens  Comer*'  Cemetery. 

BowEN,  Edwin  H. 

Burton,  Eusha  P.  Served  in  Co.  H,  58th  Mass.  Inf.  Died  in 
Rehoboth,  at  home  of  Capt.  Geo.  W.  Bliss.  Buried  at  Re- 
hoboth  Village. 

Chipman,  James  S.,  M.D.  After  the  war,  resided  in  Rehoboth 
several  years  and  practiced  medicine.  Buried  at  Rehoboth 
Village. 

Connelly,  Peter. 

DiCKERMAN,  Ezra.  Enlisted  1861,  22d  Mass.  Inf.  Discharged 
for  disability  Feb.  7,  1864.    Credited  to  Taunton. 

DiCKERMAN,  Irving.  Enlisted  1861,  Co.  G,  24th  Mass.  Inf.  Re- 
enlisted  Jan.  4,  1864.  Discharged  Jan.  20,  1866.  Credited 
to  Berkeley. 

Drown,  Leonard.  Captain  in  a  New  Hampshire  regiment. 
Son  of  Israel  and  Christiana  A.  (Carpenter)  Drown.  Killed 
in  battle  at  Williamsburg,  Va.,  May  5,  1862.  Buried  at 
Rehoboth  Village. 

Drury,  John. 

Francis,  Henrt  W.  Enlisted  May  1,  1861,  Co.  F,  7th  Mass. 
Inf.    Discharged  Oct.,  1864.    Credited  to  Taunton. 

GoFF,  Thomas  L.  Served  in  11th  Rhode  Island  Inf.  Son  of 
Nathan  Goif ;  step-son  of  Baylies  Goff. 

Harrison,  Gilbert  F.  Served  in  Battery  A,  1st  Rhode  Island 
Light  Artillery.  Wounded  at  Gettysburg.  Transferred  to 
Vet.  Rel.  Corps,  from  which  he  was  discharged.  Buried  at 
E.  Providence,  Oct.  23,  1889,  aged  62. 

Horton,  Anthony.  Lieutenant  in  one  of  the  Rhode  Island  bat- 
teries.   Son  of  John  W.  Horton.    Buried  at  Rehoboth. 

HoRTON,  Sbtii  a.  Enlisted  Aug.  14,  1862,  Co.  H,  40th  Mass.  Inf. 
Discharged  July  12, 1865.    Credited  to  Dighton. 

Horton,  Wiluam  H.  Enlisted  Aug.  15,  1862,  Co.  H,  39th  Mass. 
Inf. 

Luther,  Levi  L.  Enlisted  June,  1861,  Battery  A,  1st  Rhode 
Island  Light  Artillery.  Was  in  the  first  and  second  battles 
of  Bull  Run  and  at  Antietam.  Afterwards  sick  and  discharged 
for  disability.  Son  of  Levi  and  Abigail  (Bliss)  Luther. 
Credited  to  Providence,  R.I.  Served  in  10th  R.I.  Battery. 
100  days.     Died  in  Rehoboth,  March,  1914,  aged  88. 

Miller,  Charles  E. 


Capt.  constant  s.  HORTON 

Dcpuly  Huiit.  of  Providence  I'ulice  Forc«,  illioile  lalanH,  1011-1014. 


WILLIAM   M.  1>.  ItOWKN,  K>q. 


LiauT.  AMOS  MILLKIt  IKHYEN 


SOLDIERS  AND  SAILORS  IN  THE  CIVIL  WAR  169 

Packard,  William  D. 

Parker,  Thomas  S.  Enlisted  June  13,  1862,  Co.  F,  1st  Rhode 
Island  Battery  Light  Artillery.  Discharged  for  disability^ 
March  6,  1863,  at  Newton  University  Hospital,  Baltimore. 
Corporal. 

Perrt,  James  N.  Enlis^d  1861,  Co.  I,  7th  Mass.  Inf.  Lost  a 
leg  in  the  battle  of  the  Wilderness.  Son  of  Nathaniel  and 
Mary  Perry.  Credited  to  Attleborough,  and  later  to  Fall 
River.  Died  from  wounds  July  28,  1864,  at  Chestnut  Hill 
Hospital,  Philadelphia,  aged  21. 

Perry,  John  S.  Mustered  in  Sept.  16,  1862,  Co.  K,  43d  Mass. 
Inf.  Discharged  July  30,  1863.  Credited  to  North  Bridge- 
water. 

Perry,  Marsden  J.  Enlisted  Dec.  13,  1864,  26th  Mass.  unat- 
tached Company.  Discharged  May  12,  1865.  Son  of  Ho- 
ratio M.  and  Susan  Perry.    Credited  to  Somerset. 

Pierce,  Charles.  Served  as  Lieutenant  in  a  Maine  regiment* 
Residence,  South  Rehoboth.  Buried  at  Burial  Place  Hill* 
Son  of  Elisha. 

Pierce,  Wilson  D.  "Member  of  the  Rhode  Island  Hospital 
Guard  and  veteran  of  the  Civil  War."  Son  of  Joshua  and 
Betsey  (Wheaton)  Pierce.  Buried  at  Cole  Brook.  Credited 
to  Dighton. 

Potter,  Alden.  Enlisted  Aug.  5,  1862,  Co.  H,  39th  Mass.  Inf. 
Credited  to  Saugus. 

Pratt,  Albert  S.    4th  Mass.  Inf.    Credited  to  Taunton.  (?) 

Robinson,  Stephen  W.  Enlisted  Nov.  5,  1862,  Co.  B,  14th  New 
York  Cavalry,  age  17.  Discharged  at  San  Antonio,  Texas, 
Nov.  26,  1865.  Residence,  Brooklyn,  N.Y.  Since  1882  has 
lived  in  Rehoboth. 

Round,  Ira  H.    100  days.    Son  of  Jotham. 

Rounds,  Gershom.    Credited  to  Attleborough. 

Salisbury,  Thomas  R.  Served  on  U.  S.  S.S.  "Brooklyn."  With 
Farragut  at  New  Orleans.  Died  in  Rehoboth,  December^ 
1889. 

Seagraves,  David.  Enlisted  in  a  Kansas  regiment.  Was 
wounded  at  battle  of  Springfield,  Mo.,  where  Gen.  Lyon  was 
killed.  Son  of  Rev.  Edward  and  Harriet  (Walker)  Seagraves. 
Died  in  Texas. 

Smith,  Daniel.  Served  in  an  Illinois  regiment.  With  Grant  at 
capture  of  Fort  Donelson  in  winter  of  1862. 


170  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Thater,  John  J.  Enlisted  May,  1861,  Co.  I,  7th  Mass.  Inf. 
Discharged  Dec.  29,  1863,  for  disability. 

Whbaton,  Ctrus  M.  Mustered  in  Aug.  20,  1861,  Co.  B,  18th 
Mass.  Inf.  1st  Lieutenant.  Resigned  April  3,  1862.  Son  of 
Cyrus  M.  and  Nancy  (Carpenter)  Wheaton.  Credited  to 
Somerset.    Died  at  Providence,  R.I.,  June  26,  1862. 

Wheaton,  Mark  O.  Enlisted,  1861,  3d  Rhode  Island  Cavalry. 
Son  of  William  and  Rachel  (Burr)  Wheaton.  Died  at  Attle- 
borough,  June  22,  1896,  aged  62. 

WiLUAMS,  Alexander.  Seaman  (colored).  Died  at  Rehoboth 
almshouse.    Buried  in  Hix  cemetery,  Oak  Swamp. 

Men  in  the  United  States  Navy  Credited  to  Rehoboth 

Baker,  Eugene.  Landsman.  Enlisted  Jan.  29,  1864,  for  one 
year,  on  the  ''Oceola.*'  Discharged  Jan.  28,  1865,  from  "Day- 
light." 

Beattie,  Edward.  Enlisted  Sept.  26,  1862,  for  one  year,  on  the 
"Sabine."  Discharged  Sept.  15,  1863,  from  ship  "Brandy- 
wine." 

BiCKFORD,  Henry.  Enlisted  Sept.  26,  1862,  for  three  years: 
"Ossipee,"  "Monongahela."  Discharged  from  "Elk"  Aug. 
7,  1865. 

BoARDifAN,  James.  Enlisted  Sept.  20,  1862,  for  one  year  on 
"Sabine."    Discharged  from  "Florida"  Sept.  15,  1863. 

Brown,  Abijah.  Enlisted  Sept.  10,  1862,  for  one  year  on  "Lan- 
caster," later  "Cyane."  Discharged  June  8,  1864,  from  re- 
ceiving ship  "Savannah." 

Brown,  Francis.  Enlisted  Oct.  20, 1862,  for  three  years,  on  "Col- 
orado," then  "Oneida."  Discharged  June  30,  1865,  from 
''Arkansas." 

Brown,  James  E.  Enlisted  Sept.  5,  1862,  for  one  year  on  "Sara- 
nac,"  then  "Cyane,"  and  "Lancaster."  Discharged  from 
"Savannah." 

Brown,  John.  Enlisted  Sept.  22,  1862,  for  three  years,  on  "Sa- 
bine," then  "Santa,"  etc.  Discharged  Feb.  23,  1865,  from 
"Macedonia." 

Brown,  John  T.  Enlisted  Sept.  20,  1862,  for  one  year,  on  **Sa- 
bine."    Discharged  from  "Zouave,"  Sept.  19,  1863. 

Brown,  Joseph.  Enlisted  Sept.  24,  1862,  for  two  years,  on  "Sa- 
bine."   Deserted  Nov.  30,  1864,  from  "Wateree." 

Brown,  Peter.  Enlisted  Sept.  22,  1862,  for  three  years,  on  "San 
Jacinto."    Deserted  Feb.  28,  1863. 


SOLDIERS  AND  SAILORS  IN  THE  CIVIL  WAR    171 

Brown»  Peter.  Enlisted  Sept.  17,  1862,  for  one  year,  on  **Sa- 
bine."    Discharged  Aug.  23,  1863. 

Bridgham,  WiiiiiAM  H.  B.  Enlisted  Nov.  23,  1864,  for  one  year, 
on  R.  S.  "Ohio."    Discharged  Nov.  23,  1865. 

BuRLiNGHAM,  WiLLiAM  A.  Enlisted  Oct.  1,  1862,  for  three  years, 
on  "Colorado,"  then  "Red  Rover,"  etc.    Deceased  July  15, 

1863. 

Burns,  John.  Enlisted  Oct.  4, 1862,  for  three  years,  on  "Sabine," 
then  "San  Jacinto,"  etc.  Discharged  from  "Dale"  July  20, 
1865. 

Bters,  Alexander.  Enlisted  Sept.  19,  1862,  for  two  years, 
on  "Sabine."   Discharged  from  "Brandy  wine,"  Sept.  11, 1863. 

Davis,  Alexander.  Enlisted  Sept.  18,  1862,  for  one  year,  on 
flag-ship  "Lancaster."    Discharged  Sept.  22,  1863. 

Hare,  John.  Enlisted  March  30,  1864,  for  two  years,  on  "Brook- 
lyn." Transferred  July  31,  1865,  to  R.S.  "North  Carolina." 
No  further  record. 

Hermen,  Jacob  A.  Enlisted  April  8,  1864,  for  two  years.  De- 
serted from  "Cherokee,"  Oct.  5,  1864. 

Rounds,  William  H.  Enlisted  Sept.  25,  1862,  for  one  year,  on 
"Colorado."    Discharged  Feb.  10,  1864. 


CHAPTER  VI 
ECCLESIASTICAL  HISTORY 

THE  CONGREGATIONAL  CHURCH 

Early  in  the  eighteenth  century  the  first  settlers  of  Rehoboth» 
who  had  come  from  Weymouth  with  Samuel  Newman  in  1643,^ 
had  passed  away»  and  their  descendants  had  spread  out  from  the 
**ring  of  the  town/'  which  is  now  East  Providence  Center.  Some 
of  the  more  enterprising  had  moved  as  far  east  as  Palmer's  River 
and  were  settled  along  the  borders  of  that  stream.  Following 
the  river  up  from  the  Swansea  line,  we  find  the  Thurbers»  the 
Smiths,  the  Burrs,  the  Palmers,  the  Bullocks,  the  Aliens,  the 
Millers,  the  Martins  and  the  Millards;  then  the  Lakes,  the  Pecks, 
the  Fullers  and  the  Blisses;  still  farther  up,  the  Blandings,  the 
Hunts,  the  Wilmarths,  the  Carpenters  and  the  Read  ways;  then 
the  Wheatons,  the  Perrys  and  the  Blisses  again.  These  sturdy 
and  devout  men  and  women,  prizing  the  ministrations  of  the  Sanc- 
tuary, found  it  difficult  to  attend  worship  at  the  Newman  Church 
so  far  away,  and  petitioned  the  General  Court  in  1711  to  have  the 
town  divided  into  two  separate  precincts  for  the  support  of  the 
ministry.  This  the  people  in  the  older  part  of  the  town  opposed 
by  a  counter  petition.  Thus  arose  a  sort  of  distrust  and  rivalry 
between  the  east  and  west  sections  of  the  town,  which  increased 
until  it  culminated  in  1759  in  two  distinct  precincts;  and  in  1812, 
the  year  after  the  ''fighting  town  meeting,"  in  two  separate  towns. 

In  May,  1713,  the  General  Court  recommended  to  Rehoboth 
to  raise  one  hundred  and  twenty  pounds  for  the  support  of  two 
ministers,  —  one  at  Palmer's  River. 

In  1717  the  f>eople  at  Palmer's  River,  by  the  consent  of  the 
Court,  began  to  build  a  meeting-house  in  their  part  of  the  town, 
which  was  finished  and  occupied  in  1721. 

It  stood  half  a  mile  north  of  the  Orleans  factory,  on  Lake  Street, 
on  the  spot  now  marked  by  the  remains  of  the  old  burying-ground. 
The  lot  includes  three  acres  of  land  given  by  the  brothers  Jathniel 
and  Samuel  Peck  and  Jonathan  Bliss,  each  giving  one  acre. 

*  According  to  old  style  the  year  1644  began  iMarch  25th.  By  that  time  the 
colony  would  need  to  be  on  the  ground  to  build  their  homes  and  fences  and  pre- 
pare the  land  for  tillage. 

Unl 


ECCLESIASTICAL  HISTORY  173 

The  parent  church  had  been  granted  two  hundred  and  fifty 
pounds  for  building  a  new  meeting-house;  of  this  they  relinquished 
fifty  pounds  to  aid  the  church  at  Pahuer's  River,  receiving  a 
written  release  from  any  further  payments.  They  also  gave  the 
facing  of  the  galleries  and  the  pulpit  of  their  old  meeting-house. 
The  Church  was  organized  Nov.  29,  1721,  consisting  of  ten  mem- 
bers, David  Turner  (pastor),  Elisha  May,  Thomas  Ormsbee 
(deacons),  Jathniel  Peck,  Samuel  Peck,  Benjamin  Wilson,  Solo- 
mon Millard,  Samuel  Fuller,  William  Blanding,  Joseph  Wilson. 
The  worshippers  were  to  be  seated  with  di.scrimination,  according 
to  dignity,  age  and  liberality  toward  the  building  and  supporting 
of  the  church. 

The  business  of  the  two  churches  and  societies  was  "managed 
by  the  town  as  the  affairs  of  one  church,"  and  the  expenses  of 
both  were  to  be  borne  by  the  whole  town,  an  arrangement  which, 
according  to  the  precinct  record,  "occasioned  great  difficulties." 
They  continued  to  be  thus  managed  until  the  year  1759,  each 
voter  paying  a  yearly  town  rate  and  a  ministerial  rate  collected 
by  constables. 

Rev.  David  Turner,  the  pastor,  was  a  native  of  Scituate.  He 
received  one  hundred  pounds  for  a  settlement.  His  annual 
salary  averaged  about  eighty-five  pounds.  During  his  pastorate 
of  thirty-six  years,  one  hundred  and  seventy-one  persons  were 
added  to  the  Church. 

Mr.  Turner  graduated  from  Harvard  College  in  1718.  He 
afterwards  studied  medicine  and  practised  to  some  extent  during 
his  ministry.  He  was  talented  and  witty,  but  eccentric.  He  had 
numerous  children  and  grandchildren,  but  most  of  them  brought 
no  honor  to  the  family  name.  The  eldest  son,  David  junior,  was 
clerk  of  the  precinct  from  1761  to  1765,  keeping  his  records  in  a 
neat  and  legible  hand.  He  married  Mary  Smith  of  Rehoboth  and 
had  a  large  family.    The  name  here  was  long  ago  extinct. 

Rev.  Mr.  Turner  died  Aug.  9,  1757,  in  his  63d  year  and  was 
buried  in  his  church-yard,  the  oldest  burying  ground  in  town, 
long  since  overgrown  with  bushes.  His  tombstone  bears  the 
following  inscription: 

"In  Memory  of 

the  Reverend  Mr 

David  Turner, 

Pastor  of  the  Second 


174  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Church  in  Rehoboth, 

who  departed  this 

Life  on  y«  9th  Day  of 

August,  A.D.  1757,  in 

y«  63d  year  of  his  Age. 

'Watch  and  Pray  because 

You  know  not  the  hour/  " 

Mr.  Turner  resided  about  one  mile  north  of  his  church,  in  a  house 
which  stood  where  the  deacon  Wheeler  house  now  stands  on 
Wheeler  Street,  near  the  old  Asa  Bliss  farm,  and  where  his  suc- 
cessor, Mr.  Rogerson,  also  lived,  and  later  Capt.  John  Rogerson» 
his  son. 

In  his  last  illness,  Mr.  Turner  sent  for  the  Rev.  Robert  Roger* 
son,  who  had  preached  to  his  people  since  he  had  become  dis- 
abled through  infirmities,  and  said  to  him:  "Mr.  Rogerson,  I  re- 
joice to  find  that  the  people  are  so  well  pleased  with  you  and  your 
preaching,  but  you  must  remember  that,  though  it  is  llosanna!* 
Ilosanna!'  to-day,  it  will  be  'Crucify  him!*  'Crucify  him!*  to- 


morrow.** 


In  the  year  1759  this  church  and  congregation  was  incorporated 
by  an  act  of  the  General  Court  into  a  separate  society  by  the  name 
of  "The  Second  Precinct  of  Rehoboth,'*  thus  freeing  tlie  town 
from  further  financial  care. 

The  first  meeting  of  the  precinct  was  held  Feb.  12th  of  the  same 
year,  when  William  Bullock  was  chosen  Precinct  Clerk,  and  Dea- 
con Thomas  Carpenter,  Deacon  Moulton,  Stephen  Moulton, 
Lieut.  Ephraim  Hunt,  Capt.  Nathaniel  Bliss  and  William  Bland- 
ing.  Precinct  Committee. 

Up  to  this  time  one  source  of  friction  between  the  two  churches 
(east  and  west)  had  been  in  collecting  and  dividing  the  revenue 
from  the  ministerial  lands  designated  as  the  "Pastor's  and 
Teacher's  Rights."  This  difficulty  was  removed  by  selling  all 
such  lands  owned  in  common,  and  dividing  the  proceeds  equally 
between  the  precincts.*  This  was  effected  the  following  year  by 
appointing  a  committee  from  each  precinct,  which  consisted  of 
Daniel  Carpenter,  John  Lyon,  and  John  Hunt  from  the  first, 
and  Thomas  Carpenter,  Nathaniel  Bliss  and  William  Bullock 
from  the  second.  There  were  thirty-one  of  these  lots  scattered 
through  the  town,  including  one  lot  of  182  acres  at  Squannakonk 

*One  "salt  meadow"  in  Bairington  was  reserved  by  each  precinct  by  agree- 
ment. 


ECCLESIASTICAL  HISTORY  176 

swamp  which  was  sold  in  three  parcels.  In  all  there  were  674 
acres,  which  netted  each  precinct  about  £600  ($3,000). 

Feb.  29,  1759,  the  precinct  united  with  the  church  in  calling 
Rev.  Robert  Rogerson  to  be  their  pastor  and  voted  to  give  him, 
in  addition  to  a  settlement  of  seventy  pounds,  sixty  pounds  for 
his  annual  salary. 

"It  was  voted  by  y®  inhabitants  of  sd  Precinct  that  Fifty  two 
Pounds  Lawful  money  be  raised  on  y®  Poles  and  Estates  of  y« 
inhabitants  of  y^  sd  Precinct  this  present  year  and  one  half  of 
y«  Revenues  arising  from  y®  ministerial  lands  this  present  year, 
with  y*  three  Pounds  Lawful  money  to  be  paid  by  y®  west  Precinct 
maks  up  sixty  pounds  Lawful  mony  which  is  one  years  Sallery. 
Likewise  voted  to  Raise  this  present  year  on  y«  Poles  and  Es- 
tates of  y®  Inhabitants  of  sd  Precinct  Twenty  three  Pounds  Six 
shillings  and  Eight  pence  Lawful  mony  being  one  third  part  of  y^ 
Settlement  agreed  upon  by  y®  sd  Inhabitants  to  give  the  Revrend 
Mr.  Robert  Rogerson." 

Mr.  Rogerson  agreed  to  take  one  third  part  of  his  salary  "in 
the  produce  of  the  country  provided  they  bring  me  such  articles 
as  I  have  occasion  for." 

In  years  when  the  precinct  had  a  larger  income  than  usual  they 
shared  the  surplus  with  their  pastor,  —  an  example  worthy  of 
imitation. 

March  18,  1773,  the  precinct  "voted  that  the  old  meeting- 
house should  be  sold  or  pulled  down  provided  that  a  new  one 
can  be  built  upon  the  plain  near  Timothy  Headway's."  The  site 
chosen  is  now  known  as  the  Village  Cemetery.  This  was  a  part 
of  the  common  or  undivided  lands  on  Readway*s  plain,  used  for 
a  training  field.  A  portion  was  surveyed  and  set  off  for  a 
"church,  stable  and  burying-ground"  by  the  Proprietors*  Com- 
mittee, William  Bullock,  chairman. 

The  new  house,  fifty  feet  by  forty,  was  built  the  following  sum- 
mer, and  the  pews  were  sold  at  public  auction  Oct.  25,  1773. 
They  were  at  first  forty  in  number  and  brought  £462.  10*.  Capt. 
Thomas  Carpenter'  was  chairman  of  the  building  committee,  and 
furnished  the  plan.  This  house,  known  as  the  "Yellow  Meeting 
House,"  stood  to  the  east  of  the  graveyard,  facing  the  south.* 
Back  of  it  on  the  north  and  northwest  were  horse-sheds.  It  was 
without  bell  or  steeple. 

'  Also  designated  as  Thomas  Carpenter  3d,  and  after  his  promotion  in  1776,  as 
Colonel  Thomas. 

'So  stated  by  William  Dlanding,  now  living  at  97;  also  by  Dr.  D.  B.  Nichols 
in  a  letter  to  the  writer  in  1885. 


176  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

The  high  pulpit  with  its  sounding-board  overhead  was  at  the 
north  end  and  was  reached  by  a  spiral  staircase  on  either  side, 
with  the  deacons'  seats  close  down  in  front,  and  hidden  from  the 
preacher's  view.  The  church  had  two  rows  of  windows,  one  above 
the  other  on  each  side,  and  was  entered  by  three  double  doors, 
east,  south,  and  west.^  The  pews  were  square.  They  were  sur- 
mounted by  a  railing  held  in  place  by  turned  spokes  four  to  six 
inches  in  length.  The  gallery  extended  across  the  front  or  south 
end  and  along  the  two  sides.  In  the  front  gallery  were  the  singers' 
seats  after  1818,  and  back  of  them,  high  up  in  either  corner,  were 
seats  for  the  negroes,  the  men  occupying  the  southwest  comer  and 
the  women  the  southeast.  There  were  four  rows  of  pews  extending 
the  whole  length  of  the  room  and  a  short  row  each  side  of  the 
pulpit.  There  were  three  aisles,  one  in  the  centre  and  one  on  each 
side  half-way  between  the  centre  and  the  walls.  Stoves  were  not 
installed  until  the  winter  of  1819,  the  women  bringing  hot  stones 
or  bricks,  or  in  some  cases  foot-stoves  supplied  with  hot  coab. 
The  whole  cost  of  building  the  meeting-house  was  £622.  17#.,  or 
$3,114. 

In  1776  a  valuable  legacy,  worth  perhaps  $10,000,  was  be- 
queathed to  the  precinct  by  Lieut.  Ephraim  Hunt,  by  means  of 
which  a  considerable  part  of  the  minister's  salary  has  been  paid 
ever  since. 

The  part  of  Mr.  Hunt's  will  relating  to  this  legacy  reads  as  fol- 
lows: 

"I  do  hereby  give,  alienate  and  devote  all  the  said  home  build- 
ings, homestead  lands  &  in  fine  all  y^  residue,  remainder  &  re- 
mainders of  my  estate  not  disposed  off,  as  afTorsaid  in  particular 
I  give  &  devote  towards  y^  support  &  maintaining  of  the  publick 
worship  of  God  to  be  forever  hereafter  improved  by  the  in- 
habitants of  the  Second  Precinct  of  the  said  Town  of  Rehoboth 
that  do  &  shall  hereafter  attend  the  publick  worship  of  God 
in  the  church  at  Palmers  River  (so  called)  whereof  the  Revd. 
Robert  Rogerson  is  now  the  pastor  &  his  successors  like  wise  y^ 
same,  moreover  it  is  my  will  &  pleasure  that  the  said  build- 
ings &  lands  so  given  &  devoted  be  annually  leased  out  by  said 
Prescincts  committe  that  shall  or  may  be  chosen  to  lett  out  said 
Prescincts  money  as  by  Act  of  General  Court  enjoyned  and  that  the 
yearly  income  &  rents  of  said  houseing  &  lands  shall  from  year  to 
year  forever  hereafter  be  paid  by  said  committe  to  the  minister  of 
the  church  at  Palmers  River  afforsaid  (he  being  of  the  Presbiterian 

*Rev.  D.  B.  Nichok  D.D. 


ECCLESIASTICAL  HISTORY  177 

or  Congregational  persuasion) :  towards  his  support  over  &  above 
y®  interest  of  the  afTorsaid  sum  of  one  thousand  pounds.  And  I 
do  also  hereby  nominate,  constitute  &  appoint  my  beloved  wife 
Rachel  &  my  trusty  friend  Thomas  Carpenter  y^  3rd  of  that  name 
in  Rehoboth  aflTorsaid  (gentleman)  to  be  my  lawful!  executors  in 
&  to  this  my  last  will  and  testament. 

"In  witness  whereof  I  have  hereunto  set  my  hand  &  seal  this 
21st  day  of  February  A.  D.  1774.  And  in  the  fourteenth  year  of 
his  Majistyes  Reign  George  y«  3d  King  &c. 

Ephraim  Hunt    (Seal)" 

In  the  period  between  1780  and  1790  the  minister's  salary  was 
allowed  to  fall  behind  hundreds  of  dollars.  In  1783  the  Society 
paid  Mr.  Rogerson  for  three  years,  or  up  to  March,  1782,  £57.  6$. 
for  each  of  the  three  years.  The  shortage  was  due  in  large  part 
to  the  depreciation  of  the  paper  currency  which  led  the  precinct 
in  1787  to  petition  the  General  Court  for  a  lottery.  In  1782,  out 
of  £1019  belonging  to  the  Society  funds,  only  £592  remained 
good. 

Falling  in  with  the  scarcity  of  "lawful  money*'  was  the  tendency 
of  the  people  to  rely  on  the  Hunt  legacy  to  meet  current  expenses, 
carelessly  hoping  that  the  income  even  from  the  depreciated 
fund  would  satisfy  the  minister's  needs.  At  length  the  limit 
of  forbearance  was  reached,  and  he  pressed  for  his  dues.  The 
final  terms  of  settlement  are  explained  in  the  following  interesting 
letter  of  Mr.  Rogerson  to  the  precinct: 

"December  14,  1789. 
"Gentlemen : 

"Having  seriously  further  considered  the  circumstances  of  the 
parish,  I  have  finally  concluded  that  on  consideration  of  paying 
the  arrears  due  to  me  of  my  salary  in  the  following  manner,  viz: 
one  hundred  dollars  each  succeeding  year  until  the  whole  is  paid, 
without  any  interest,  one  half  of  the  payments  to  be  in  money 
and  the  other  half  in  stock  and  farm  produce,  and  also  that  I  am 
paid  annually  sixty-six  pounds  to  be  paid  in  the  spring  of  each 
year,  half  in  Lawful  Money  and  half  in  stock  and  farm  produce 
for  my  future  salary  and  the  rent  of  the  ministerial  farm  and  also 
that  I  have  brought  to  my  door  in  the  fall  of  each  year  for  the 
future  twelve  cords  of  good  wood;  on  complying  with  these  con- 
ditions, I  entirely  relinquish  my  right  in  all  former  agreements. 

Robert  Rogerson." 

By  levying  a  tax  on  "the  poles  and  estates"  of  the  sixty-eight 
willing  members  of  the  Society  the  sum  of  $667  was  raised  to- 

12 


178  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

ward  the  arrears  in  the  salary,  and  the  matter  was  squared  in 
March,  1790. 

As  the  population  of  the  precinct  increased,  the  numbers  also 
increased  of  those  who  were  not  Congregationalists,  and  the  pre- 
cinct became  unwieldy.  There  were  two  Baptist  churches  in 
South  Rehoboth,  and  besides,  a  number  of  families  in  that  part 
of  the  town  were  identified  with  the  First  Baptist  Church  in  Swan- 
sea. Moreover,  the  Congregationalists  had  property  of  their  own, 
mainly  the  Hunt  legacy,  in  which  the  precinct  as  such  had  no 
special  interest.  For  these  reasons  the  Congregationalists,  eighty- 
four  in  number,  petitioned  the  General  Court  to  repeal  the  pre- 
cinct act  and  incorporate  them  under  the  name  of  "The  Catholic 
Congregational  Church  and  Society  in  the  Second  Precinct  in 
Rehoboth."  This  act  was  passed  in  1792.  The  word  "Catholic" 
has  since  been  stricken  out  of  the  title. 

Mr.  Rogerson  continued  to  be  pastor  of  this  people  until  his 
death,  March  20,  1799,  a  period  of  forty  years.  He  was  of  a 
respectable  English  family,  bom  at  Portsmouth,  England,  and 
was  educated  at  St.  Paul's  School,  London.  He  came  to  America 
at  the  age  of  nineteen  as  an  assistant  to  the  Collector  of  revenue 
in  Virginia,  serving  in  this  capacity  one  year. 

After  teaching  school  several  years  and  studying  divinity  mean- 
while, he  took  his  degree  of  M.  A.  at  Harvard  in  1765.  He 
preached  one  year  at  Brookline,  and  one  year  at  the  First  Church 
in  Rehoboth,  now  East  Providence,  R.I.  While  there  he  mar- 
ried a  daughter  of  Col.  Thomas  Bowen,  then  Mrs.  Betsey  Sweet, 
a  young  widow  with  one  child.  He  was  ordained  over  "The 
Palmer's  River  Church,"  July  2,  1769. 

He  had  three  sons  and  three  daughters.  The  sons  were  Robert, 
an  honored  physician  in  Boston;  Thomas,  a  planter  in  Virginia; 
and  Capt.  John  Rogerson,  who  resided  on  his  father's  estate, 
formerly  the  home  of  Rev.  David  Turner,  till  his  death  in  1836. 

Mr.  Rogerson  was  a  man  of  learning  and  piety.  His  long 
ministry  was  quiet  and  conservative,  with  but  tliirty-six  reported 
additions  to  the  church. 

His  remains  lie  buried  in  the  older  part  of  the  Village  Cemetery. 
On  his  tombstone  of  blue  slate  is  this  inscription : 

"In  Memory  of 

The  Revd.  Robert  Rogerson, 

who  descended  from  a  respectable 


ECCLESIASTICAL  HISTORY  179 

Family  in  Great  Britain 

Renouncing  the  Honors  &  Emoluments 

of  this  world,  he  devoted  himself  to  the 

Christian  Ministry,  from  a  Conviction 

of  its  truth  &  importance. 

In  a  pious,  exemplary,  &  faithful  discharge 

of  that  office  he  continued  near  40  years. 

And  in  the  hope 

of  a  blessed  immortality 

He  departed  this  life  in  the  78th  year 

of  his  Age,  March  20th,  1799." 

Mr.  Rogerson  was  followed  by  Rev.  Otis  Thompson,  who  was 
ordained  pastor  of  this  church  Sept.  24,  1800,  and  continued  in 
its  service  twenty-five  years.  He  was  the  son  of  Nathaniel  Thomp- 
son and  was  born  at  Middleborough,  Mass.,  Sept.  14,  1776,  and 
graduated  at  Brown  University  in  1798,  where  he  remained  two 
years  as  tutor.  During  this  period  he  applied  himself  to  the 
study  of  theology.  After  preaching  a  year  as  candidate,  he  was 
unanimously  called  by  the  Church  and  Society  and  entered  upon 
his  pastorate  under  the  most  favorable  conditions.  He  had  a 
"hundred  pounds  settlement"  and  a  salary  of  three  hundred  and 
fifty  dollars,  which  in  1816  was  increased  to  five  hundred  dollars. 
The  community  was  at  once  awakened  in  religious  matters  and 
forty  persons  were  added  to  the  Church  the  first  year  of  his  min- 
istry. For  more  than  twenty  years  nothing  occurred  to  interrupt 
the  harmonious  relations  of  pastor  and  people.  Mr.  Thompson's 
century  sermon,  preached  in  1821,  states  that  the  number  of  mem- 
bers of  the  Church  at  that  time  was  fifty-six,  and  that  seventy- 
seven  had  been  enrolled  during  his  twenty-one  years  of  service; 
the  total  enrollment  for  the  century  being  three  hundred  and  three. 

Mr.  Thompson  was  a  man  of  scholarly  habits  and  a  writer  of 
ability.  He  printed  numerous  funeral  and  ordination  sermons 
and  edited  the  "Hopkinsian  Magazine"  for  a  number  of  years, 
making  four  octavo  volumes. 

He  superintended  the  theological  studies  of  fifteen  students. 
Among  these  may  be  mentioned  the  brothers  Moses  Thacher  and 
Tyler  Thacher,  grandsons  of  Rev.  Peter  Thacher,  first  pastor  of  the 
Second  Congregational  Church  in  Attleborough.  Tyler  Thacher 
married  Mr.  Thompson's  daughter,  Fidelia. 

Also  Elam  Smalley,  Dr.  Emmons's  successor  in  Franklin; 
Jason  Chamberlain,  who  became  a  professor  in  Vermont  Univer- 


180  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

sity;  Josephus  Wheaton  and  Augustus  B.  Reed»  both  natives  of 
Rehoboth;  and  Alvan  Cobb. 

Mr.  Thompson  was  "an  acute  metaphysical  thinker,"  rigid 
and  uncompromising  in  his  opinions,  with  an  imperious  will  which 
would  brook  no  opposition.    He  would  rule  or  ruin. 

In  1825  a  serious  difficulty  arose  which  greatly  disturbed  the 
harmony  of  the  Church  and  Society  and  kept  them  in  a  bitter 
wrangle  with  the  pastor  and  his  friends  for  months  and  years. 

It  grew  out  of  a  breach  of  promise  suit  brought  by  Mr.  Thompson 
against  a  gentleman  belonging  to  one  of  the  foremost  families  of  the 
Church.  At  first  the  people  took  sides,  some  for  and  others 
against  the  pastor,  and  all  attempts  to  reconcile  the  parties  were 
in  vain.  Before  long,  however,  Mr.  Thompson's  arbitrary  pro- 
ceedings alienated  nearly  all  the  active  members  of  the  Church 
and  Society.  To  carry  his  points  he  depended  upon  non-residents 
and  minors,  and  the  few  members  he  had  rushed  into  the  Church 
for  the  occasion. 

Many  pages  of  the  records  are  given  to  this  controversy,  and  a 
full  account  is  contained  in  a  pamphlet  of  thirty  pages  published 
by  the  Church  in  1826,  entitled  "A  Narrative  of  the  Difficulties 
in  which  the  Church  has  been  involved  and  a  just  Statement  of 
their  Proceedings  Concerning  them.'* 

From  a  careful  study  of  the  documents  we  gather  the  following 
facts:  (1),  There  was  antagonism  between  Reverend  Otis  Thomp* 
son  and  Elijah  A.  Reed,  a  prominent  member  of  his  Church. 
(2),  A  paper  was  drawn  up  by  the  Church  urging  both  parties 
to  drop  the  whole  matter  and  "let  good  feeling  and  brotherly 
love  continue."  This  paper  Mr.  Thompson  alone  refused  to  sign, 
and  so  made  a  bad  matter  worse. 

To  ward  off  a  course  of  discipline  against  himself  he  began 
such  a  course  against  Mr.  Reed. 

He  showed  his  analytical  keenness  in  drawing  up  five  articles 
with  definite  specifications  under  each:  Article  I,  Slander.  Article 
II,  Falsehood.  Article  III,  Neglect  of  Duty.  Article  IV,  Un- 
christian Conduct.    Article  V,  Covetous  Practices. 

In  a  Church  trial  lasting  several  months,  these  articles  were 
taken  up  seriatim  with  witnesses  and  affidavits  on  each  separate 
count. 

To  illustrate  the  trivial  nature  of  most  of  these  counts,  take 
several  under  Article  V,  Covetous  Practices: 


ECCLESIASTICAL  HISTORY  181 

1.  In  demanding  and  receiving  of  Deacon  Ezra  Perry  an  un- 
reasonable sum  for  an  injury  done  to  his  chaise. 

2.  In  demanding  an  unreasonable  sum  of  the  pastor  for  a  ton 
of  hay. 

3.  In  taking  an  unreasonable  sum  of  Seth  Follet  for  a  second- 
hand axe. 

4.  In  taking  soil  from  a  piece  of  common  land  which  he  had 
no  right  to  take,  etc. 

The  result  of  the  trial  was  that  Mr.  Thompson  excommunicated 
Mr.  Reed  and  delivered  him  "over  to  Satan." 

He  then  proceeded  to  excommunicate  Brother  Samuel  Smith 
and  Dr.  James  Bliss,  (1)  for  neglecting  family  worship.  (2)  for 
joining  in  "irregular  and  improper  measures  for  the  dismission 
of  the  pastor." 

The  progress  of  events  is  indicated  in  the  following  statements: — 

August  15, 1825.  At  a  meeting  of  the  Society  a  motion  to  dis- 
miss Rev.  Otis  Thompson  was  lost  thirty  to  twenty-nine. 

Sepitember  9.    A  vote  for  his  dismissal  was  carried. 

October  11.  An  ex-parie  Council  met  and  sent  a  request  to 
Mr.  Thompson  to  unite  with  the  Society  in  calling  a  mutual 
council. 

October  27.  Mr.  Thompson  having  refused  to  join  in  calling 
a  mutual  council,  the  following  motion  was  made  in  the  Society: 

"Whereas  we  consider  the  usefulness  of  the  Rev.  Otis  Thompson 
as  a  minister  of  the  Gospel  very  much  at  an  end  in  this  place  on 
account  of  his  conduct,  and  of  consequence  that  the  peace,  union 
and  well-being  of  this  Society  require  it. 

"I  therefore  move  that  he  be  dismissed  from  his  ministerial 
relation  to  us." 

Twenty-seven  voted  for  the  motion  and  none  against  it. 

November  1.  A  second  ecclesiastical  council  (ex-parte)  met 
and  recommended  the  dissolution  of  the  pastoral  relation. 

November  23.  At  a  meeting  of  the  Church,  Rev.  Thomas 
Williams,  moderator,  strong  resolutions  condemning  Mr.  Thomp- 
son were  passed.  "The  duty  which  we  owe  to  God  and  this  Church 
requires  us  to  dismiss  him." 

To  a  committee  urging  a  nnitual  council,  Mr.  Thompson  re- 
plied: "Neither  the  body  which  you  represent  nor  the  council 
that  dismissed  me  are  worthy  of  my  notice." 

At  tliis  meeting  the  three  "excommunicated"  brethren  were  de- 


182  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

clared  to  be  members  in  good  standing.  In  truth  they  were 
brethren  highly  respected,  and  later  Elijah  A.  Reed  was  chosen 
deacon. 

November  29,  a  third  ex-parte  council  met.  The  following 
churches  were  represented  by  pastor  and  delegate:  Berkeley, 
Providence  (Beneficent),  Attleborougli  (First),  and  Bristol.  In 
this  council  a  communication  was  read  from  Mr.  Thompson. 
After  reviewing  the  conditions,  the  council  voted  unanimously  to 
approve  the  vote  of  the  Church,  dismissing  Mr.  Thompson. 

""There  are  in  our  view  special  reasons  for  the  dismission  of  the 
Rev.  Otis  Thompson  founded  on  his  impropriety  of  conduct: 
first,  his  unjustifiable  and  oppressive  manner  of  conducting  church 
discipline,  or  lording  it  over  God*s  heritage.  (2)  The  consequent 
alienation  of  a  large  |M>rtion  of  the  Church  and  Society  from  him. 
(3)  His  repeated  refusal  of  propositions  for  a  mutual  council, 
and,  (4)  That  his  usefulness  in  this  place  is  very  greatly  dimin- 
ished if  not  entirely  destroyed. 

Thomas  Androb,  Moderator. 
Joel  Mann,  Scribe,'* 

November  30.  Voted  that  the  salary  of  the  Rev.  Otis  Thompson 
shall  be  discontinued  from  and  after  this  day,  he  having  been  dis- 
missed from  his  ministerial  and  pastoral  connection  with  this 
Society. 

Voted  to  choose  a  committee  of  five  to  take  charge  of  and  shut 
up  the  meeting-house. 

1826,  November  14.  Christopher  Carpenter,  Jr.,  was  chosen 
agent  to  defend  the  suit  brought  against  the  Society  by  Rev. 
Otis  Thompson  for  his  salary. 

During  this  year  not  less  than  twenty-seven  members  of  the 
Society,  utterly  wearied  with  the  strife,  requested  to  have  their 
names  dropped;  while  the  Church  became  weak  and  inactive. 
Even  Asahel  Bliss  and  his  wife  left  and  joined  the  Church  in  Attle- 
borougli, although  they  came  back  in  Deceml)er  of  that  year  (1826), 
and  the  following  March  he  was  a  second  time  chosen  deacon. 

1827,  July  24.  The  fourth  of  a  series  of  ecclesiastical  ex-parte 
councils  called  by  the  Catholic  Congregational  Church  and  So- 
ciety met  at  the  house  of  Capt.  Stephen  Car|)enter.  The  churches 
represented  were:  Berkeley,  Norton,  Attleborough  First,  See- 
konk  and  Providence.  Charges  were  presented  reflecting  severely 
upon  the  teaching  and  conduct  of  Mr.  Thompson.  In  fact  the 
Church  and  Society  turned  the  tables  on  him  and  formulated  a 


ECCLESIASTICAL  HISTORY  183 

number  of  distinct  charges  against  him  which  were  in  part  as 
follows: — 

1.  That  of  late  years  he  had  propagated  theological  principles 
subversive  of  morality  and  godliness, — e.  g.,  that  God  by  an  im- 
mediate creating  power  produces  all  the  most  vile  and  bloody 
crimes  and  abominations  in  the  hearts  of  the  wicked.  That  there 
can  be  no  real  piety  and  goodness  in  a  man  unless  he  is  willing  to 
be  damned,  etc. 

2.  That  by  his  imprudent  and  uncandid  acts  of  ministerial 
conduct  he  has  subjected  himself  generally  to  the  loss  of  the  fellow- 
ship of  other  churches  and  pastors  to  the  detriment  of  this  Church 
and  Society. 

3.  That  he  has  subjected  certain  members  of  the  Society  to 
the  loss  of  Christian  character  and  privilege  merely  for  exercising 
their  right  to  vote  in  said  Society.  Under  this  charge  are  five 
counts. 

4.  That  the  said  Thompson  has  been  guilty  of  dishonest  prac- 
tices toward  said  Society,  especially  in  prosecuting  an  action 
against  the  Society  to  recover  the  part  of  the  Hunt  legacy  which 
he  had  relinquished  when  he  agreed  upon  a  stipulated  salary. 

5.  That  he  had  wilfully  aggravated  difficulties  between  him- 
self and  members  of  his  Church  and  Society  and  "has  been  guilty 
of  gross  indecency,  falsehood  and  immorality  in  repeatedly  charg- 
ing said  persons  with  want  of  veracity  and  other  crimes."  Under 
this  charge  are  seven  counts. 

One  copy  of  these  charges  was  given  to  Mr.  Thompson  and 
one  to  the  council.    A  protest  from  Mr.  Thompson  was  read. 

The  council  voted  that  "several  of  the  charges  and  specifications 
have  been  substantiated  and  that  they  can  entertain  no  hope 
that  his  ministry  will  be  of  any  further  use  to  this  Congregational 
Society;  They  therefore  advise  to  the  dissolution  of  his  ministerial 
connection  with  them. 

Pitt  Clark  (Norton),  Moderator. 
Jambs  O.  Barney  (Seekonk),  Scribe,** 

From  the  "Narrative  of  Difficulties"  we  learn  incidentally  that 
Mr.  Thompson  sometime  during  the  trouble  called  a  council  to 
suit  himself  without  consulting  the  Church  and  Society,  but  we 
can  find  no  record  of  its  date  or  doings. 

Knowing  that  he  was  settled  for  life,  he  had  small  regard  for 
councils.    When  the  Church  was  closed  against  him  he  continued 


184  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

to  hold  services,  one  year  at  Wheaton  Hall,  then  at  his  home  or 
in  the  "Old  Red*'  school-house  near  by  (district  No.  7),  and  the 
Catholic  Congregational  Church  and  Society  were  obliged  to  pay 
his  salary. 

Neither  by  law  nor  by  persuasion  could  tliey  move  him  to  a 
settlement.  This  condition  of  strife  and  bitterness  continued 
year  after  year  until  finally  by  a  cash  payment  of  $1,000  he  agreed 
to  relinquish  all  claims  upon  the  Society.  And  yet,  according  to 
Bliss,  who  was  a  member  of  the  Church,  and  whose  parents  re- 
sided in  Rehoboth  at  the  time,  attempts  were  afterwards  made  by 
Mr.  Thompson  and  his  friends,  but  without  success,  *'to  revive 
the  old  precinct,  and  wrest  from  the  Church  and  Society  a  part 
or  the  whole  of  the  funds  which  are  now  in  their  possession."  He 
was  dismissed  from  his  pastorate  October  30,  1832,  after  seven 
years  of  strife  and  bitterness,  perhaps  unparalleled  in  the  church- 
annals  of  New  England. 

We  would  like  to  lie  fair  to  this  keen  and  learned  minister, 
and  we  regret  that  we  have  no  writing  which  gives  his  point  of  view 
in  the  sad  controversy  which  did  great  harm  and  nearly  wrecked  a 
church.  That  he  was  headstrong  and  unyielding  no  one  can  doubt. 
''He  is  of  one  mind,  who  can  turn  him?*' 

For  several  terms  he  taught  a  select  school  at  his  home,  to  the 
great  advantage  of  the  young  people  who  attended.  We  have 
heard  men  like  William  Henry  Bowcn  and  his  brother  (icorge,  and 
John  C.  Marvel,  si)eak  highly  of  the  instruction  they  received  in 
his  school. 

Mr.  Thompson's  first  wife  was  Miss  Rachel  Chandler  of  Ply  nip- 
ton,  Mass.,  who  died  Sept.  6, 1827,  aged  forty-seven,  b}'  whom  he 
had  four  sons  and  five  daughters. 

llis  second  wife  was  Miss  Charlotte  Fales  of  Bristol,  R.I.,  to 
whom  he  was  married  Sept.  10,  1828.  She  died  Dec.  12,  1848. 
Mr.  Thompson  continued  to  reside  in  Rehoboth  until  1840. 
Thence  he  went  to  IJtchfield,  N.Y.,  and  preached  there  until 
1850.  In  May  of  that  year  he  married  Miss  Polly  Shaw  of  North 
Abington,  Mass.,  where  he  resided  until  his  death,  which  occurred 
June  26,  1859,  at  the  age  of  eighty-two.  His  widow  died  Feb.  3, 
1874. 

From  the  receipt  of  the  Hunt  legacy  in  1776  to  the  settlement 
of  Rev.  Mr.  Vernon  in  1826  the  Church  and  Society  had  a  yearly 
income  amounting  to  about  $600.    A  fund  of  $5,000  was  repre- 


ECCLESIASTICAL  HISTORY  185 

scntcd  by  numerous  individual  notes  Ijcaring  interest.  The  an- 
nual sale  of  wood,  timber  and  hoop-poles  brought,  on  an  average* 
about  $250.  In  1797  the  amount  was  $596.  These  products 
were  frequently  sold  at  "vandues"  where  rum  was  furnished:  e.  g., 
on  page  310  of  the  Precinct  record  is  this  item:  "Paid  Jonathan 
Wheaton,  Jr.,  rum  for  vandue,  $2.74.  (Nov.  28,  1819.)  The 
ministerial  farm  rented  for  $100  a  year  and  upwards.  The  farm- 
house was  built  in  1808  for  $200.  In  recent  years  the  Society's 
annual  income  from  farm  and  funds  has  been  about  $350. 

It  is  worthy  of  note  that  Capt.  Shubael  Goflf  and  "Aunt  Sally," 
his  wife,  lived  on  this  farm  for  many  years,  where  they  brought 
up  fifteen  hardy  children,  whose  numerous  descendants  enjoy 
yearly  a  great  family  clam-bake  in  town. 

Only  in  emergencies  was  it  necessary  to  make  any  assessment 
on  the  members  of  the  Society,  as  in  the  case  of  the  depreciated 
currency  or  the  one  hundred  pounds  settlement  paid  the  minister 
in  the  year  1800.  But  the  forced  payments  to  Mr.  Thompson 
after  the  trouble,  in  addition  to  the  new  minister's  salary,  drew 
heavily  upon  the  funds  in  hand. 

The  successor  of  Mr.  Thompson  was  Rev.  Thomas  Vernon,  a 
native  of  Newport,  R.I.,  and  son  of  Samuel  Vernon.  He  was  born 
Dec.  20,  1797.  He  graduated  at  Brown  University  in  1816  and 
studied  theology  at  Andover  Seminary.  He  was  ordained  over 
this  churcli  Sept.  13,  1826.  He  found  the  church  prostrate  and 
torn  with  dissensions:  he  left  it  after  eleven  years  of  faithful  ser- 
vice, in  a  large  measure  healed  and  united.  Only  a  man  of  ex- 
cellent spirit  could  have  done  this.  He  was  sound  in  judgment 
and  judicious  in  management.  He  greatly  endeared  himself  to 
all  the  people.  During  his  ministry  the  Simday-School  was  in- 
augurated and  a  considerable  number  joined  the  church.  Elijah 
A.  Reed  was  chosen  deacon  in  1832,  and  Sylvester  Allen  in  1836. 
Mr.  Vernon  resided  in  the  Village,  in  Mrs.  Otis  Goflf's  chambers 
opposite  the  church. 

Mr.  Vernon  having  resigned  on  account  of  inadequate  support, 
a  mutual  ecclesiastical  council  convened  at  the  house  of  James 
Islanding,  Esq.,  Dec.  5,  1836,  to  act  upon  his  resignation.  The 
churches  represented  were:  Bristol,  Rev.  Thomas  Shepherd,  Pas- 
tor; Fall  River,  Rev.  Orin  Fowler;  Pawtucket,  Rev.  Constan- 
tine  Blodgett;  Dighton,  Rev.  Jonathan  King;  Taunton  (Trini- 
tarian), Rev.  Erastus  Maltby;    and  Seekonk,  Deacon  William 


186  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Ellis,  delegate.    The  Council  came  unanimously  to  the  following 
result: 

"Considering  the  almost  unexampled  state  of  harmony  and  cor- 
diality that  has  subsisted  between  Mr.  Vernon  and  his  people, 
and  still  continues,  we  recommend  to  Mr.  Vernon  to  remam  with 
his  united  Church  and  Society. 

'The  Council  are  aware  that  the  salary  paid  Mr.  Vernon  is 
altogether  inadequate  to  the  necessary  wants  of  his  family;  they 
therefore  recommend  to  the  Church  and  Society  to  provide  im- 
mediately a  parsonage  suitable  for  the  use  of  their  minister,  and 
that  Mr.  Vernon  be  granted  the  use  of  said  parsonage  free  of  ex- 
pense so  long  as  he  shall  be  their  minister." 

This  wise  suggestion  of  the  Council,  the  people  neglected  to 
heed.  It  is  a  mistake  which  churches  too  often  make.  They  are 
loth  to  adequately  sustain  the  preaching  of  the  Gospel.  Such  a 
penny-wise  and  pound-foolish  policy  which  permits  the  golden 
opportunity  to  pass  suggests  the  saying,  "The  men  of  this  world 
are  wiser  in  their  generation  than  the  children  of  light.'* 

Mr.  Vernon,  seeing  no  prospect  of  improved  conditions,  again 
resigned  and  was  dismissed  four  months  later  by  the  same  Churches 
in  Council,  April  12,  1837.  The  building  of  the  parsonage  was 
delayed  until  twelve  years  later. 

As  Mr.  Vernon  had  ministered  to  this  people  for  six  months 
before  his  ordination,  the  entire  period  of  his  labors  among  them 
was  eleven  years. 

In  May,  1831,  he  had  married  Miss  Adelaide  A.  Winthrop  of 
Bristol,  R.I.  They  had  six  children,  one  of  whom,  John  W.  Ver- 
non, was  for  many  years  an  officer  in  the  Merchants'  National 
Bank,  Providence,  R.I. 

Owing  to  a  severe  bronchial  affection,  Mr.  Vernon  was  com- 
pelled to  give  up  the  ministry,  and  engaged  in  the  practice  of 
medicine  at  Perth  Aniboy,  N.J.,  and  other  places.  He  died  at 
Providence,  R.I.,  May  9,  1876,  of  acute  bronchitis,  in  his  seventy- 
ninth  year,  and  was  buried  in  the  old  family  ground  at  Newport, 
R.I. 

The  successor  of  Mr.  Vernon,  and  the  fifth  pastor  of  this  church, 
was  the  Rev.  John  Chester  Paine,  who  was  ordained  over  the 
church  June  6,  1838,  by  a  council  representing  ten  churches. 
The  ordination  sermon  was  preached  by  his  brother.  Rev.  Wil- 
liam P.  Paine,  D.D.,  of  Holden.  On  the  first  day  of  September 
following,  the  Society  passed  a  vote  to  build  a  new  meeting-house. 


ECCLESIASTICAL  HISTORY  187 

A  minority,  however,  were  strongly  opposed  to  this  movement. 
The  building  committee  consisted  of  Abiah  Bliss,  Jr.,  William 
K.  Bullock,  John  R.  Rogerson,  and  Cyrus  M.  Wheaton.  It  was 
decided  to  locate  the  new  house  in  the  Village  on  the  lot  where 
Jonathan  Wheaton*s  barn  stood.  Strong  objection  was  made  to 
placing  the  church  in  a  "barn-yard."  Mr.  Wheaton  gave  the  small 
plot  which  belonged  to  him,  and  the  GofT  brothers,  Darius  and 
Nelson,  gave  the  remainder.  The  church  edifice  was  erected  and 
dedicated  the  following  year,  1839.  It  is  sixty  feet  long  by  forty 
wide,  and  cost  three  thousand  eight  hundred  dollars.  Its  seating 
capacity  is  about  three  hundred  and  twenty. 

After  the  dedication  of  the  new  house,  the  disaffected  members 
of  the  Church  and  the  Society  joined  with  other  families  in  town, 
who  were  Baptists  in  belief,  in  holding  a  series  of  religious  meet- 
ings at  Lewis's  tavern.  This  resulted  in  the  formation  of  the 
Union  Baptist  Church. 

The  **old  yellow  meeting-house,*'  which  had  stood  on  the  Vil- 
lage Cemetery  lot  for  sixty-six  years,  was  finally  sold  to  Mr.  Otis 
Goff,  who  moved  the  materials  home,  and  reconstructed  them  into 
a  barn,  which  is  now  standing. 

Mr.  Paine  was  an  excellent  preacher,  and  a  very  useful  man  in 
the  community.  He  was  born  at  Ashfield,  Mass.,  Jan.  28,  1806. 
He  was  the  seventh  generation  in  direct  line  from  Stephen  Paine, 
one  of  the  early  settlers  of  Rehoboth.  He  was  educated  at  Am- 
herst and  Princeton  Colleges,  and  received  the  degree  of  A.M. 
from  the  latter  in  1843.  He  graduated  from  the  theological  sem- 
inary at  East  Windsor,  Conn.,  in  1836.  He  was  married  April, 
1839,  to  Miss  Eliza  Folger,  of  Nantucket.  He  was  dismissed  from 
this  church  March  23,  1847,  having  served  the  people  faithfully 
for  nine  years.  After  leaving  Rehoboth  he  preached  at  Gardner, 
Sandwich,  Dracut,  and  Groveland,  Mass.  In  the  places  where 
he  was  settled  he  was  chairman  of  the  school  committee  many 
years.  He  died  at  Groveland  of  typhoid  pneumonia,  March  10, 
1880,  in  his  seventy-fifth  year.  His  son,  Charles  F.  Paine,  was  a 
lawyer  in  Boston,  and  his  daughter,  Harriet  E.  Paine,  was  pre- 
ceptress of  Oread  Female  Seminary  at  Worcester,  Mass. 

Mr.  Paine  was  succeeded  by  Rev.  Charles  P.  Grosvenor,  who 
was  acting  pastor  of  this  church  from  September,  1847,  to  Septem- 
ber, 1856, — just  nine  years.  Mr.  Grosvenor  was  born  Aug.  12, 
1804,  at  Pomfret,  Conn.;    graduated  at  Yale  College  in  1827; 


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ECCLESIASTICAL  HISTORY  189 

He  resided  in  Providence,  R.I.,  but  came  to  Rehoboth  on  the 
Sabbath  and  occasionally  on  other  days  and  held  neighborhood 
prayer-meetings  among  the  people.  In  this  way  the  church  was 
kept  awake  and  several  persons  were  hopefully  converted.  He 
was  born  at  Wilton,  N.Y.,  March  30,  1813;  graduated  at  Union 
College  in  1844,  and  at  Andover  Theological  Seminary  in  1847; 
was  married  to  Miss  Sophia  S.  Knight  of  Providence,  Aug.  1, 
1849;  died  Dec.  15,  1887. 

The  next  acting  pastor  was  Rev.  Alexander  C.  Childs,  from 
Jan.  1,  1860,  to  April  1,  1862.  He  was  born  at  Nantucket,  Aug. 
31,  1823;  graduated  at  Yale  College  in  1845,  and  Union  Theo- 
logical Seminary  in  1849;  married  Miss  Eunice  H.  Barney  of 
Nantucket,  Aug.  17,  1857.  He  supplied  churches  for  brief  pe- 
riods in  New  Hampshire  and  Vermont  as  well  as  in  Massachusetts. 
He  died  at  Worcester,  Mass.,  April  13,  1896. 

After  Mr.  Childs,  Rev.  S.  Y.  Lum  was  acting  pastor  for  two 
years,  beginning  in  July,  1862.  He  was  born  at  New  Providence, 
N.J.,  May  6,  1821,  studied  at  Oberlin  College  and  graduated  at 
Union  Theological  Seminary  in  1848.  He  was  ordained  at  Mid- 
dletown,  N.Y.,  Jan.  13,  1852. 

Mr.  Lum  was  Home  Missionary  in  Kansas  from  1854  to  1861, 
during  the  "border  ruffian  war.'*  After  leaving  Rehoboth  he  was 
superintendent  of  the  American  Bible  Society  at  Lawrence,  Kan- 
sas, and  later  preached  in  Connecticut  and  New  York.  He  died 
at  Rutherford.  N.J.,  Oct.  1,  1895. 

Rev.  Francis  II.  Boynton  was  ordained  pastor  of  this  church 
Oct.  20,  1864,  and  continued  his  work  here  until  Aug.  30,  1867. 
During  his  pastorate  the  church  was  greatly  revived  and  more 
than  fifty  persons  were  added  to  its  membership. 

Mr.  Boynton  was  born  in  Troy,  N.Y.,  March  14,  1839;  grad- 
uated at  Amherst  College  in  1861,  and  at  Andover  Theological 
Seminary  in  1864;  married  Miss  Emily  A.  Clark  of  Amherst, 
Mass.,  May  24,  1866.  Four  children  were  born  to  them.  He  was 
a  man  of  scholarly  habits  with  a  fine  spirit  touched  to  fine  issues. 
After  leaving  Rehoboth  he  traveled  abroad,  visiting  Palestine, 
Egypt,  and  other  countries.  He  preached  at  Assonet,  New  Marl- 
borough, Raynham,  and  Essex,  Mass.,  and  at  Rye,  N.H.,  and 
later  at  other  places  in  Massachusetts.  He  died  at  Florence, 
Mass.,  in  1910. 

Mr.  Boynton  was  succeeded  by  Rev.  Thomas  Henry  Johnson* 


190  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

who  was  acting  pastor  from  October,  1868,  to  October,  1869.  He 
was  bom  March  24,  1824,  at  Portland,  Me.;  studied  and  taught 
at  the  Mission  Institute,  Quincy,  III.,  under  the  charge  of  the 
Rev.  David  Nelson;  was  ordained  at  La  Harpe,  III.,  in  April, 
1853,  and  was  married  the  following  December  to  Miss  Martha 
A.  Brooks  of  Dalton,  N.H.    They  had  two  children. 

The  next  acting  pastor  was  Rev.  Henry  D.  Woodworth,  from 
December,  1869,  to  October,  1872;  bom  in  Lebanon,  Conn., 
Feb.  18,  1826;  graduated  at  Amherst  College  in  1855,  and  An- 
dover  Theological  Seminary  in  1860;  ordained  at  East  Bridge- 
water  in  September  of  the  same  year;  married  Aug.  14,  1855, 
Miss  Sarah  E.  Carkin  of  Brookfield,  Mass.  After  leaving  Reho- 
both,  was  in  the  jewelry  business  in  Cambridge.  Died  June  27, 
1891. 

Rev.  Isaac  R.  Prior  succeeded  Mr.  Woodworth  as  acting  pastor 
from  July  13,  1873,  to  October,  1877;  bom  in  Ohio,  July  22, 
1840;  graduated  at  Adrian  College,  Mich.,  in  1863;  at  the  Uni- 
versity of  Law  at  Albany,  N.Y.,  in  1865;  and  at  Union  Theo- 
logical Seminary  in  1870.  He  was  married  Sept.  29,  1874,  to  Miss 
Ruth  E.  Manton  of  Providence,  R.I.    They  had  two  children. 

He  preached  for  brief  periods  at  numerous  places,  in  Massa- 
chusetts, Rhode  Island,  Florida,  and  South  Dakota,  where  he 
died  at  Redfield,  March  3,  1899. 

Mr.  Prior's  successor  was  Rev.  George  Henry  Tilton,  who  was 
born  in  Nashua,  N.H.,  Jan.  31,  1845.  He  was  the  son  of  William 
Wells  and  Sarah  Ann  (Morrill)  Tilton,  descended  through  his 
father  from  the  Tiltons  of  New  Hampshire,  for  whom  the  town 
of  Tilton  was  named;  and  through  his  mother  from  the  Morrills 
and  Aliens  of  Amesbury  and  Salisbury,  Mass.  His  great-great- 
grandfather was  Col.  Henry  Morrill  of  Revolutionary  fame.  Sir 
Hugh  Morrill  was  presented  with  the  Morrill  coat  of  arms  in  the 
fifteenth  year  of  the  reign  of  Queen  Elizabeth.  His  ancestor 
Capt.  Jacob  Allen  was  killed  in  the  battle  of  Saratoga,  Sept.  19, 
1777.  The  Tilton  family  traces  its  ancestry  back  to  Everard 
(Sir)  Ix)rd  of  Tilton  and  Drystoke,  ancestor  of  Sir  Kenelni  Digby, 
Knight,  styled  "The  ornament  of  England.*'  The  town  of  Tilton 
in  England  was  in  existence  prior  to  the  time  of  William  the  Con- 
queror. The  original  family  was  Digby  de  Tilton,  but  the  **Digby" 
was  dropped,  becoming  a  branch  name,  but  both  use  the  Digby 
coat  of  arms.    John  Tilton  came  to  Lynn  in  1642,  and  a  brother 


ECCLESIASTICAL  HISTORY  191 

William  in  1645,  and  are  spoken  of  as  "educated."  One  branch 
of  the  family  settled  in  New  Hampshire. 

Mr.  Tilton  fitted  for  college  at  Williston  Seminary,  Easthamp- 
ton,  Mass.,  graduating  with  the  class  of  1866,  and  at  Amherst 
College  with  the  class  of  1870  (Phi  Beta  Kappa),  receiving  the 
degree  of  A.M.  in  1873.  Also  graduated  at  Andover  Theological 
Seminary,  1873,  and  was  ordained  to  the  Congregational  ministry 
at  Hopkinton,  N.H.,  June  4,  1873. 

He  was  married  June  6,  1876,  to  Ella  Minerva  Mann  of  Attle- 
borough  Falls,  Mass.  They  have  had  three  children.  Mr.  Tilton 
was  pastor  at  Attleborough  Falls,  1874-5  (organizing  the  Central 
Church  and  building  its  meeting-house) ;  at  Wolfeborough,  N.H.» 
1876-7;  at  Rehoboth,  Mass.,  1877-1891;  at  Lancaster,  N.H., 
1891-1896;  and  at  North  Woburn,  Mass.,  1896-1915.  (Dis- 
missed June  22d.) 

At  Rehoboth  he  was  chairman  of  the  School  Committee  m 
1885-6,  and  founder  of  the  Rehoboth  Antiquarian  Society,  which 
was  organized  March  5,  1884. 

In  1883  Mr.  Tilton  wrote  the  "History  of  the  Churches  of  Re- 
hoboth," published  in  the  "History  of  Bristol  County."  In  1900» 
he  furnished  for  the  History  of  Lancaster,  N.H.,  a  sketch  of  the 
Congregational  Church  of  that  place,  and  a  monograph  of  the 
Native  Plants  and  Trees.  In  1901  he  published  a  "Memorial  of 
Marshall  Ilenshaw,  LL.D." 

During  Mr.  Tilton's  pastorate  of  fourteen  years  in  Rehoboth, 
the  Church  enjoyed  a  large  measure  of  prosperity.  For  this  whole 
period  it  paid  the  largest  salary  in  its  history,  and  gave  liberally 
for  benevolent  objects.  At  that  time  the  entire  population  of 
the  town,  with  very  few  exceptions,  was  of  pure  New  England 
stock,  and  most  of  the  people  were  in  the  habit  of  attending  church 
on  the  Sabbath.  The  religious  life  of  the  church  was  quickened 
from  time  to  time  by  special  services.  It  was  the  pastor's  custom 
to  preach  about  once  a  month  at  the  Willis  School-house,  the 
Orleans  Chapel  and  the  Almshouse,  the  latter  in  charge  of  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Frank  E.  Luther. 

Mr.  Tilton  was  dismissed  from  this  church  Nov.  17,  1891,  to 
accept  a  call  from  the  Congregational  Church  in  Lancaster,  N.H. 

In  the  year  1887,  a  silver  cup  which  Rev.  Otis  Thompson  had 
taken  away  with  him  in  1840,  was  restored  to  the  church  by  Mr. 


192  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

M.  T.  Bennett  of  Brbtol,  R.I.,  a  relative  of  the  second  Mrs. 
Thompson.    This  valuable  relic  was  inscribed  thus: — 

•*The  gift  of  Capt.  Sam'l  Peck  to  y«  second  Church 
of  Christ  in  Rehoboth,  1736." 

Mr.  Tilton  was  succeeded  by  Rev.  Cyrus  D.  Harp,  who  began 
his  work  here  as  acting  pastor,  March  13,  1892,  and  continued 
till  Aug.  28,  1895.  Mr.  Harp  was  born  at  Benevola,  Md.,  Feb.  8, 
1858.  He  was  the  son  of  Rev.  Joshua  Harp  and  Magdalene  Wolfe. 
He  prepared  for  college  at  Lebanon  Institute,  Lebanon,  Pa.;  did 
both  undergraduate  and  graduate  work  at  Harvard,  where  he  re- 
ceived the  degree  of  A.B.  He  graduated  at  Yale  Theological 
Seminary  in  1885. 

His  first  regular  pastorate  was  at  Columbia,  Pa.,  where  he  built 
a  church,  and  left  an  increased  membership  of  over  one  hundred 
and  fifty.  He  preached  at  Houlton,  Me.,  in  1899,  and  later  at 
Duxbury,  Mass. 

His  ministry  at  Rehoboth  was  signalized  by  his  marriage  to 
Miss  Eleanor  H.  Whiteside  of  Washington,  D.C.  Two  children 
were  born  to  them,  Katharine,  Oct.  5,  1893,  and  Benjamin  H., 
Nov.  12,  1894. 

After  resigning  his  pastorate  here,  Mr.  Harp  entered  commercial 
lines.  He  built  himself  a  house  at  Cranston,  R.I.,  l)ecame  pastor 
of  the  Ilughesdale  Congregational  Church,  while  at  the  same  time 
serving  as  an  agent  in  the  employ  of  the  Travelers'  Insurance 
Company  of  Hartford,  Conn. 

Rev.  Charles  B.  W^athen  began  his  labors  here  June  1,  1896. 
During  his  ministry  the  church  was  thoroughly  renovated  and 
l)eautified.  This  was  done  in  1906,  at  a  cost  of  more  than  $2,000, 
not  including  the  memorial  windows.  Half  of  this  sum  was  con- 
tributed by  Leonard  C.  Bliss  of  Boston.  Hon.  Cornelius  N.  Bliss 
of  New  York  gave  liberally,  and  Frank  N.  Bliss  of  Pawtucket, 
R.I.,  made  a  contribution.  The  Ladies*  Home  Missionary  Society 
gave  $600,  —  the  proceeds  of  the  Colonial  Fair  held  the  winter  be- 
fore. The  furnishings  were  supplied  as  follows:  the  carpets  for 
the  church  were  given  by  Mr.  Lyman  B.  Goff,  and  the  cushions 
for  the  seats  by  Mr.  Geo.  S.  Baker  and  Miss  Emma  M.  Baker;  a 
donation  was  also  received  from  Mr.  Frederic  W.  Bliss.  Of  the 
beautiful  memorial  windows,  one  was  given  by  Cornelius  N.  Bliss, 
to  perpetuate  the  memory  of  his  grandfather,  Dea.  Asaliel  Bliss, 


ECCLESIASTICAL  HISTORY  193 

who  was  an  officer  of  the  church  for  more  than  fifty  years;  two 
were  given  by  Mr.  L.  C.  Bliss;  one  by  Darius  L.  and  Lyman  B. 
Goff  and  their  sister,  Mrs.  Sarah  Steele.  The  children  of  Reuben 
Bowen  gave  one;  and  the  children  of  Tamerline  Horton,  one. 
The  church  was  reopened  by  appropriate  exercises,  Dec.  5,  1906. 
In  the  record  we  read:  "We  reopened  this  church,  free  from  debt, 
and  as  a  church  and  people  are  profoundly  grateful  to  the  friends 
through  whose  interest  and  liberality  this  worjk  has  been  accom- 
plished." It  should  be  mentioned  also,  that  on  March  1,  1907, 
Mrs.  Clara  I.  Hubbard,  daughter  of  the  late  Henry  Reed  and  De- 
light Carpenter  Reed,  of  Taunton,  gave  a  solid  mahogany  table 
and  chairs  to  furnish  the  social  corner  of  the  church.  Also,  during 
Mr.  Wathen's  pastorate  the  choir  was  brought  down  from  the 
loft  in  the  rear  to  its  present  place  near  the  pulpit.  In  1900 
Paschal  Allen  left  the  church  a  legacy  of  $1,500. 

Mr.  Wathen  was  born  in  Ilichibucto,  New  Brunswick,  Jan.  1, 
1852.  He  married  Mary  P.  Kennedy  of  Keswick,  N.B.,  Sept. 
17,  1876.  They  have  one  son.  Mr.  Wathen  taught  four  years  in 
the  grammar  and  high  schools  at  St.  Stephen,  N.B.  Graduated 
at  Bangor  Theological  Seminary,  June,  1883.  Preached  at  Orono, 
Me.,  from  1883  to  1888;  Chelmsford,  Ma.ss.,  1888-90;  at  Man- 
chester, N.H.,  1890-96;  Rehoboth,  Mass.,  1896-1908;  Hookset, 
N.H.,  1908-10;  since,  at  South  Dartmouth,  Mass.  He  was  dis- 
missed from  his  charge  in  Rehoboth,  July  12,  1908. 

On  Jan.  3,  1909,  Hon.  Edmund  E.  Peck  of  New  York  sent  the 
church  a  beautifully  carved  chair  designed  by  himself  and  given 
in  memory  of  his  ancestors  who  had  resided  in  Rehoboth.  On 
the  back  is  a  plate  inscribed  as  follows: — 

"In  memory  of  my  ancestors  among  whom  were 
Joseph  Peck,  born  in  England,  1587,  settled  in  Re- 
hoboth; Ebenezer  Peck,  who  founded  the  forge  priv- 
ilege near  Great  Meadow  Hill,  born  1697;  my  grand- 
father, Edmund  I.  Peck,  born  on  the  Forge  Privilege, 
1798;  and  my  father,  Caleb  S.  Peck,  born  in  Rehoboth, 
1825. 

"Designed  and  made  by  Edmund  E.  Peck,  Donor, 
1908." 

Mr.  Wathen  was  succeeded  by  Rev.  Joseph  Woodbury  Strout, 
who  came  from  Kingston,  N.H.,  and  was  installed  over  the  church 
at  Rehoboth,  June  9,  1909.     The  following  year,  through  his 
13 


194 


HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 


efforts,  a  new  pipe-organ  was  purchased  for  the  church,  costing 
$2,000;  of  this  amount  about  $1,200  was  raised  in  the  town. 

A  new  pulpit  was  presented  to  the  church  by  Miss  Emma  M. 
Baker. 

Mr.  Strout  was  bom  in  Milbridge,  Me.,  July  7,  1852;  was  a 
teacher  in  that  state  for  four  years;  preached  two  years  at  East 
Machias,  Me.;  graduated  from  Bangor  Seminary  in  1885;  was 
ordained  June  29,  1886;  held  pastorates  at  Thomaston,  Me., 
1885-1893;  at  Cummington  and  West  Cummington,  Mass.,  1894- 
1899;  at  Kingston,  N.H.,  1899-1908;  at  Rehoboth,  1909-1915 
(Dec.  31);  since  at  Little  Compton,  R.I. 

Mr  Strout  married  Ella  E.  Sprague  of  Milbridge,  Me.,  May  1, 
1876.  They  have  two  children.  Mr.  Strout's  successor  was  Rev. 
Henry  E.  Oxnard,  who  began  his  work  here  Oct.  1,  1916. 

Deacons  of  the  Congregational  Church 


Name 

Elisha  May, 
Thomas  Ormsbee, 
John  Wilmarth, 
Abiah  Carpenter, 
Joshua  Smith, 
Thomas  Carpenter, 
Stephen  Moulton, 
Ephraim  Bliss, 
Joshua  Smith, 
Daniel  Bliss, 
John  Brown, 
Calvin  Jacobs, 
Asahel  Bliss, 
Chace  Moulton, 
Ezra  Perry, 
Elijah  A.  Reed 
Eleazer  A.  Brown, 
Elisha  A.  King, 
Josephus  B.  Smith, 
Asaph  Carpenter, 
Gustavus  A.  Reed, 
William  H.  Luther, 
David  Taylor, 
Francis  A.  Bliss, 
Johnstone  Black 
Almon  A.  Reed, 
Enoch  A.  Carpenter, 
Charles  S.  Bliss, 


Date  Choeen 

1721. 

1721. 

1731. 

1738. 

1744. 

1744. 

1750  to  1772. 

1762  to  1771. 

1762. 

Between  1762  and  1791. 

1791. 

1801. 

1808.    Re-elected  in  1827. 

1811  to  1813. 

1814  to  1850. 

1832  to  1848. 

1842  to  1889. 

1842  to  1848. 

1851  to  1857. 

1858  to  1863. 

1863  to  1889. 

1877.    Moved  to  East  Providence. 

1877.     Moved  to  Providence. 

1877  to  1914. 

1891.     Moved  to  Warren. 

1895. 

1911. 

1911. 


Moved  to  Providence. 
Moved  to  Illinois. 


William  R.  Browning,   1912. 


ECCLESIASTICAL  HISTORY  195 

BAITIST  CHURCHES  IN  REHOBOTH 

Benedict,  in  his  history  of  the  Baptists,  writes  of  the  Rehoboth 
churches  as  follows: — 

"There  have  been  Baptists  in  this  town  from  about  1650,  when 
Obadiali  Holmes  separated  from  the  parisli  worship;  but  no  church 
was  gathered  in  it  until  1732,  when  one  arose  near  its  southeast, 
under  the  ministry  of  Mr.  John  Comer,  former  pastor  of  the  first 
Baptist  Church  in  Newport,  R.I.  By  the  year  1794,  no  less  than 
seven  Baptist  churches  had  been  formed  in  Rehoboth.  Most 
of  them  were  small  and  hardly  any  two  of  them  were  united  in 
their  views  of  doctrine  and  discipline.  Elhanan  Winchester,  who 
afterward  distinguished  himself  by  the  propagation  of  the  doctrine 
of  Universal  Restoration,  was,  for  a  few  years,  pastor  of  one  of 
them.  The  youngest  of  these  is  that  at  the  lower  end  of  the  great 
Seekonk  Plain,  within  three  miles  of  Providence,  which  is  sup- 
plied by  Mr.  John  Pitman  of  that  town"  (now  the  Baptist  Church 
of  East  Providence). 

At  first  three  of  these  churches  were  of  the  "Six  Principle"  creed : 
the  Oak  Swamp,  from  1732  to  1773;  the  Hornbine,  from  1753  to 
1888;  and  the  Round  Church  in  northeast  Rehoboth,  organized 
by  Elder  Richard  Round*  in  1743,  and,  after  lapsing,  was  reor- 
ganized by  Dea.  Aaron  Wheeler  and  Elder  Sylvester  Round,  who 
were  ordained  its  pastors  April  20,  1789.  This  church  was  the 
precursor  of  the  Reformed  Methodist  Church  in  the  same  lo- 
cality, which  was  organized  in  1827,  three  years  after  Elder 
Round's  death. 

The  Six-Principle  Baptists  were  strictly  evangelical,  and  firm 
believers  in  free  will  and  a  universal  atonement,  but  their  creed, 
in  Heb.  6:1,2,  required  them  to  emphasize  the  laying  on  of  hands, 
which  they  did  in  the  case  of  every  convert  they  baptized,  and  they 
made  this  a  condition  of  receiving  the  Lord's  supper;  neither 
would  they  commune  with  any  one  who  had  not  been  both  under 
water  and  under  hands.  Each  elder  remained  with  the  church 
over  which  he  was  ordained  as  long  as  he  lived,  and  as  a  rule  re- 
ceived no  salary. 

The  Oak  Swamp  Church 

This  church  at  first  belonged  to  the  Six-Principle  Baptists, 
and  was  gathered  by  Rev.  John  Comer  in  1732.  He  was  installed 
its  pastor  July  26th  of  that  year.    The  installation  sermon  was 

*  Another  nccount  gives  David  Round,  who  may  have  been  a  colleague  with 
Richard. 


196  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

preached  by  Rev.  Ephraim  Wlieaton,  pastor  of  the  First  Baptist 
Church  of  Swansea,  from  I  Thess.  5: 12,  13.  Mr.  Coiner  was  an 
able  preacher  and  gathered  many  into  the  church.  In  the  follow- 
ing November  he  baptized  fifteen  persons  in  one  day,  and  within 
a  year  it  numbered  nearly  one  hundred  members.  Mr.  Comer 
was  born  in  Boston,  Aug.  1,  1704.  From  a  very  early  age  he  de- 
lighted in  books  and  composed  a  discourse  when  only  fifteen. 
He  attempted  to  learn  a  glover's  trade,  but  his  passion  for  study 
was  so  strong  that  he  prevailed  on  his  grandfather  to  send  him  to 
school.  In  1723  he  was  admitted  to  Yale  College,  but  left  and 
studied  with  Rev.  Mr.  Barnard  of  Andover  the  following  year. 
After  reading  ""Stennett  on  Baptism"  he  became  an  ardent  Bap- 
tist. In  1725  he  went  to  Swansea  to  teach  school,  and  while  there 
assisted  Rev.  Ephraim  AVheaton  in  the  Sabbath  services.  In 
1726  he  received  a  call  to  preach  in  the  First  Baptist  Church  at 
Newport.  After  preaching  in  this  church  about  a  year  as  col- 
league with  Rev.  William  Peckham,  he  came  out  and  advocated 
the  Six-Principle  theory.  This  led  to  his  dismissal  from  the  First 
Church,  and  he  became  colleague  with  Elder  Daniel  Wightman 
of  the  Second  Baptist  Church  of  Newport,  where  he  remained 
two  years,  preaching  with  remarkable  success.  He  was  married 
Jan.  20,  1726,  to  Miss  Sarah  Rogers  of  Newport,  by  whom  he  had 
three  children. 

On  coming  to  Rehoboth  he  labored  with  such  zeal  that  he  un- 
dermined his  health  and  died  of  consumption.  May  23,  1734,  in 
his  thirtieth  year.  In  the  old  "Burial  Place  Hill"  yard  of  South 
Rehoboth  his  tombstone  of  blue  slate  bears  this  brief  inscription: — 

Here  lies  interred 

Y«  body  of  y«  Revd 

Mr.  John  Comer 

Deed  May  y«  23d 

1734  in  y«  30th 

Year  of  Age." 

Mr.  Comer  had  formed  the  design  of  writing  the  history  of  the 
American  Baptists  and  had  collected  valuable  materials  which 
were  used  subsequently  by  both  Backus  and  Benedict  in  their 
histories. 

Mr.  Comer's  successor  was  Nathaniel  Millard,  who  was  or- 
dained June  24,  1736;  but  he  proved  unworthy  of  his  trust  and 
was  dismissed  in  1742. 


ECCLESIASTICAL  HISTORY  197 

Elder  Samuel  Maxwell  was  the  next  pastor  and  was  installed 
in  1745.  After  some  years  he  became  a  Congregationalist  and 
wrote  against  the  Baptists.  The  church,  thus  unfortunate  in  its 
ministers,  became  discouraged  and  scattered,  and  many  of  its 
members  eventually  joined  other  churches.  Some  of  them,  how- 
ever, held  together  and  secured  the  services  first  of  Elder  John 
Paine  and  afterwards  of  Elder  Richard  Round,  one  of  Mr.  Comer's 
converts,  who  had  organized  a  church  in  the  northeast  part  of  the 
town.  Elder  Round  preached  to  this  church,  later  called  the  Oak 
Swamp  church,  until  his  death.  May  18,  1768.  His  tombstone 
may  be  seen  near  that  of  John  Comer  in  the  old  yard  about  a 
mile  southeast  of  the  Orleans  Factory. 

The  original  Oak  Swamp  meeting-house  (not  that  of  Elder  John 
Hix)  stood  on  the  triangular  lot  at  the  junction  of  Chestnut  and 
Pleasant  streets,  a  short  distance  south  of  Horton's  Signal.  As 
the  writer  was  told  by  the  oldest  residents  living  forty  years  ago, 
this  house  was  framed  at  the  old  cemetery  lot  at  Burial  Place 
Hill,  but  it  was  taken  away  in  the  night  by  the  Oak  Swamp  people, 
carried  a  mile  and  a  half  eastward  and  raised  on  the  spot  above 
mentioned. 

After  the  death  of  Elder  Round  the  church  no  longer  existed 
under  the  Six-Principle  creed.  In  1773  it  was  reorganized  with 
open  communion  principles.  Some  of  its  members  had  come  out 
from  the  church  of  Elder  John  Hix,  a  close  communion  Baptist, 
and  others  had  been  converted  and  baptized  by  Rev.  Elhanan 
Winchester,  a  traveling  preacher;  while  still  others  had  belonged 
to  tlie  original  church  founded  by  Elder  John  Comer.  This  new 
reorganized  church  ordained  Mr.  Jacob  Hix  as  their  pastor,  Jan. 
20,  1773,  and  held  their  services  in  the  first  Oak  Swamp  meeting- 
house. 

Elder  Jacob  Hix  was  born  Jan.  1,  1740.  He  was  the  son  of 
Elder  John  Hix,  and  brother  of  Elder  Daniel  Hix  of  Dartmouth. 
He  owned  the  farm  inherited  from  his  father  and  part  of  a  mill, 
which,  with  some  help  from  the  church,  enabled  him  to  live  com- 
fortably. He  had  no  children.  He  died  March  30,  1809,  aged 
sixty-nine  years. 

From  the  beginning  of  his  ministry  the  church  was  designated 
as  "The  First  Christian  Church  of  Rehoboth,"  which  name  it  still 
bears. 

Elder  Hix  with  his  brother  Daniel  held  services  at  Dartmouth 


198  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

for  several  years  and  gathered  a  church  there,  over  which  Elder 
Daniel  Hix  was  ordained  July  12,  1780,  and  that  church  was  con- 
sidered as  a  branch  of  the  Oak  Swamp  church. 

The  Oak  Swamp  or  Christian  church  was  in  part  the  offspring 
of  the  older  Calvinistic  church  gathered  and  shepherded  by  Elder 
John  Hix.^  He  was  bom  in  Rehoboth,  May  10, 1712,  probably  at 
the  Hix  homestead  on  Brook  Street,  where  he  spent  his  days, 
and  where  he  died  in  March,  1799,  aged  87  years.  In  the  same 
house  his  son  Jacob  lived  and  died,  when  the  farm  passed  into  the 
hands  of  Samuel  Baker,  Jr.,  and  here,  in  the  old  red  house,  Mrs. 
Baker  resided  for  more  than  eighty  years. 

Our  record  of  the  church  organized  by  Elder  John  Hix  is  very 
meager.  He  was  ordained  its  pastor  Nov.  10,  1762.  In  1771  it 
experienced  a  great  revival,  and  he  baptized  forty  persons.  In 
1780  the  church  had  reached  a  meml>ership  of  one  hundred  and 
six.  After  the  new  and  more  liberal  church  was  formed  in  1772, 
over  which  his  son  Jacob  became  pastor,  the  two  churches  wor- 
shipped in  the  same  house,  but  separately  owing  to  their  widely 
divergent  creeds. 

Finally,  Elder  John  Hix  becoming  old  and  feeble  and  his  flock 
having  no  house  of  its  own,  it  became  scattered  and  its  identity 
lost.  The  communion  vessels  used  in  the  old  church  were  given 
to  the  newer  organization  in  1804,  consisting  of  one  flagon,  one 
tankard,  two  platters,  two  cups,  one  silver  spoon,  one  tablecloth 
and  one  napkin,  and  the  hope  was  expressed  that  these  souvenirs 
of  the  older  church  might  be  handed  down  to  posterity  from  gen- 
eration to  generation. 

Of  the  two  earliest  Baptist  churches  out  of  which  grew  the 
First  Christian  Church  of  1773,  that  of  Elder  John  Hue  had  its 
constituency  in  the  vicinity  of  Oak  Swamp,  while  that  of  Elder 
Comer  was  gathered  in  large  part  from  people  living  in  the  neigh- 
borhood of  Burial  Place  Hill,  where  Elders  Comer  and  Round  are 
buried.  The  result  was  a  compromise, — locating  the  meeting-house 
between  the  two  places,  as  we  have  seen.  In  an  old  record  book 
of  this  church,  whose  first  entry  is  dated  Dec.  7,  1809,  the  fol- 
lowing title  is  given:  **A  true  Copy  of  the  Records  of  the  First 
Christian  Church  in  Rehoboth  under  the  care  of  Elder  Childs 
Luther." 

^ There  is  no  record  of  any  church  building.  His  followers  may  have  wor* 
shipped  at  first  in  a  private  house. 


ECCLESIASTICAL  HISTORY  199 

The  successor  of  Elder  Jacob  Hix  was  Elder  Cliilds  Luther, 
who,  after  preaching  to  the  people  a  year  or  two,  was  ordained 
their  pastor,  Nov.  20,  1812.  In  1820  the  church  enjoyed  a  special 
awakening  through  the  labors  of  Elders  Plumm  and  Hathaway, 
who  assisted  the  pastor,  and  some  forty  persons  professed  con- 
version. 

At  a  meeting  on  July,  1822,  the  church  "called  Brother  George 
Kelton  to  the  great  work  of  preaching  the  Gosi)el,  and  that  he 
should  be  depended  on  as  a  helper  in  the  work  of  the  ministry." 
He  was  publicly  ordained  to  that  work  April  28,  1830,  Elders 
Joseph  Blackmar,  Benjamin  Taylor  and  Richard  Davis  assisting 
in  the  services. 

The  present  house  was  built  by  a  joint  stock  company,  Mr. 
Nathan  Hix  taking  the  contract  for  one  thousand  dollars.  It  was 
dedicated  May  28,  1834.  Soon  after  this  the  old  house  was  torn 
down  and  made  over  into  a  barn. 

Elder  Luther  continued  his  labors  among  this  people  until  the 
year  1841,  having  preached  to  them  more  than  thirty  years.  In 
the  latter  part  of  his  pastorate  a  division  occurred  in  the  church 
on  the  matter  of  temperance.  He  was  inclined  to  be  conservative, 
while  some  of  his  people  became  vehement  supporters  of  the  prin- 
ciple of  total  abstinence.  The  breach  was  made  wider  by  the 
Millerite  excitement,  with  which  Elder  Luther  had  no  sympathy. 
He  w.as  born  Feb.  6,  1780,  and  was  married  to  Miss  Lucy  Kelton, 
Dec.  10,  1797.  He  married  for  his  second  wife,  Mrs.  Mehitabel 
GofT,  Oct.  21,  1827.  He  died  July  3,  1859,  in  his  eightieth  year, 
and  was  buried  in  the  Hix  yard. 

For  a  number  of  years  Elder  George  Kelton  assisted  Mr.  I^uther 
as  colleague.  In  the  year  1829  there  was  an  extensive  revival  in 
connection  with  the  labors  of  Elder  Joseph  Blackmar  of  New 
York,  an  itinerant  preacher.  He  si>ent  about  a  year  in  this  town 
and  baptized  in  all  forty-eight  converts.  On  the  first  day  of  Jan- 
uary, 1830,  he  immersed  sixteen  persons  in  Baker's  mill-pond, 
just  below  the  present  meeting-house;  for  this  purpose  a  way  was 
cut  through  the  ice,  which  was  fourteen  inches  thick.  Ira  Still- 
man  Baker  was  one  of  these,  as  he  told  the  writer.  His  decision 
was  made  on  the  spot.  He  threw  off  his  coat  and  was  baptized. 
Elder  Blackmar  spent  his  last  years  in  Boston,  where  he  died  in 
October,  1878,  aged  seventy-eight  years. 

In  the  year  1842,  Elder  Matthias  E.  Gammons  came  from 


200  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Westport  to  this  place,  and  in  connection  with  Rev.  W.  P.  Russell 
reorganized  the  church  with  twelve  men  and  twenty-one  women 
as  charter  members,  on  the  broad  basis  of  the  following  state- 
ment:— 

'*To  whom  it  may  concern:  we  as  a  band  of  brothers  and  sis- 
ters believe  it  to  be  the  will  of  God  that  we  come  together  and 
unite  by  organizing  ourselves  into  a  Christian  Union  Church  for 
the  good  of  the  cause  of  God  and  the  upbuilding  of  the  same.'* 

The  organization  was  effected  Nov.  28,  1842,  Elder  Russell 
preaching  the  sermon.  The  members  of  this  new  body  were 
drawn  in  part  from  the  old  church  under  Elder  Luther,  especially 
those  who  were  inclined  to  follow  Elder  Gammons  in  his  Millerite 
doctrines,  which  he  strongly  emphasized.  Many  of  the  old,  sub- 
stantial members  refused  to  join  in  this  movement  and  were  left 
without  any  church  connection.  The  Second  Advent  excitement 
was  a  great  injury  to  the  church.  As  Elder  Gammons'  prophecy 
of  the  end  of  the  world  in  1843  or  '44  failed,  he  was  called  to  ac- 
count and  was  dismissed  Jan.  31,  1845.  After  this  the  church, 
disappointed  and  weakened,  was  supplied  by  Dea.  Hermon  Wood* 
Elder  Luther  Baker  and  others. 

In  November,  1848,  Elder  James  L.  Pierce  became  its  pastor 
and  held  a  protracted  meeting  in  which  he  was  assisted  by  Elder 
Albert  G.  Morton,  and  as  a  result  thirteen  converts  were  baptized 
Feb.  25,  1849.  Although  Elder  Pierce  was  dismissed  in  1850,  he 
continued  to  reside  in  the  neighl)orhood  with  intervals  of  brief 
pastorates  elsewhere,  and  occasionally  supplied  the  pulpit  when 
vacant,  almost  up  to  the  time  of  his  death  in  1897.  If  not  a  gifted 
preacher,  he  was  a  good  man  and  much  respected  in  the  com- 
munity. 

After  1850,  Elders  Otis  Bliss  and  Waterman  Pierce  preached 
here  for  a  time. 

From  1865  to  1877,  Elder  J.  W.  Osborne  supplied  the  pulpit 
in  connection  with  that  of  the  Christian  Church  in  Swansea,  of 
which  he  was  pastor.  A  revival  in  1871-2  increased  the  church 
meml)ership. 

He  was  succeeded  by  Elder  William  Miller  of  Swansea,  a  ven- 
erable man  of  handsome  features  and  long  snow-white  hair  who 
preached  the  Word  until  April  1,  1882. 

Rev.   lister  Howard,  an   able  minister  from   the   Christian 


ECCLESIASTICAL  HISTORY 


201 


Church  in  Swansea,  supplied  the  pul{)it  for  some  years  previous  to 
1890.  On  the  26th  of  November,  1889,  the  meeting-house  was 
re-dedicated  after  having  been  remodeled  and  made  attractive. 
On  this  occasion  a  large  audience  gathered  and  addresses  were 
made  by  Rev.  J.  W.  Osborne  and  Rev.  G.  H.  Tilton. 

After  this.  Rev.  T.  S.  Weeks,  also  of  Swansea,  preached  ac- 
ceptably to  the  people  until  Oct.  1,  1895.  Since  that  time  scarcely 
any  records  have  been  kept  of  the  doings  of  the  church.  Its  ser- 
vices have  continued  most  of  the  time  from  year  to  year  with  dif- 
ferent preachers,  among  whom  was  Rev.  C.  B.  Wathen  in  1904, 
Elder  Albert  Loucks  in  1911,  Elder  Ernest  Caswell  in  1913,  and 
Elder  Frederick  Dark  in  1915. 

The  Oak  Swamp  church,  one  of  the  oldest  in  the  Christian 
Denomination,  has  had  a  hard  struggle  to  live,  and  has  never 
been  able  to  pay  a  larger  annual  salary  than  two  hundred 
dollars. 

It  has,  however,  been  a  constant  power  for  good  in  the  com- 
munity. Most  of  its  preachers  have  been  thoughtful  and  devout 
men,  and  many  of  its  members  and  supporters  have  been  and  are 
men  and  women  of  excellent  character,  while  the  community  at 
large  has  ever  maintained  a  reputation  for  the  rugged  virtues  of 
integrity  and  good  citizenship. 

In  studying  the  history  of  this  church  from  the  beginning,  the 
writer  has  been  pleased  to  note  how  fully  it  has  exemplified  the 
principles  of  a  pure  democracy,  each  member  voting  freely  but 
subject  to  the  will  of  the  majority.  At  the  same  time  its  dis- 
cipline has  been  maintained  with  firmness  and  without  respect 
of  persons,  but  with  due  kindness  and  forbearance,  thus  affording 
a  worthy  example. 


A  Partial  List  of  Deacons  in  the  Oak  Swamp  Church 


Name  Appointed 

Joseph  Pierce,  previous  to  1773. 
Frederick  Luther,  Jan.  14, 1783. 
Benjamin  Kingslcy,May2, 1805. 
Deacon  Hix,  previous  to  1805. 
Harvey  S.  Pierce,  1811. 

David  Bosworth,  Sept.  18, 1822. 
Lloyd  Bosworth,  Sept.  18, 1822. 
Aaron  Case,  Sept.  18,  1822. 
Daniel  Pierce,       Feb.  28, 1835. 


Name  Appointed 

Nathaniel  Mason,  April  5, 1838. 
Jonathan  Wheeler,  1842. 

Ilcrmon  Wood,  1842. 

Samuel  Nichols,  1859. 

Dexter  E.  Horton,  1884. 

Dexter  E.  Horton,  Jr. 
Oren  N.  Goff,    Vice-Dea.,  1884. 
Henry  G.  Pierce,  1913. 

Edgar  Nickerson,  1916. 


202 


HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 


Some  Early  Members  of  the  Oak  Swamp  Church  ^ 


Males 


Squire  Goff,  died  May  13, 1825. 

Scjuire  Pierce. 

Richard  Bullock. 

Elder  Cliilds  Luther. 

Nathaniel  Pierce  2d. 

Richard  Bullock,  Jr. 

Arial  Horton,  died  May  1, 1838. 

George  In^als. 

Levi  B.  Miller. 

Lloyd  Bos  worth. 

Sylvanus  Jones.  Joined 

Otis  Nichols,        Feb.  18,  1830. 

George  N.  Kelton,  April  1, 1830. 

Constant  Cole,      May  6,  1830. 

Samuel  O.  Case,  May  20,  1830. 

Samuel  Baker  3d,  July  7,  1831. 

Josiah  Simmons,    Jan.  5,  1832. 

BarnardPierce3d,  Aug.25, 1832. 

Nathaniel  Mason,  Aug.  6,  1835. 


Samuel  Baker,  Jr.,  Oct.  1, 
Daniel  Pierce,  Feb.  4, 
Alfred  Ilorton,  Aug.  3, 
Reul>en  G.  Pierce,  Nov.  2, 
Plummer  Pierce,  Nov.  2, 
James  C.  Pierce,  Dec.  7, 
Cliilds  Pierce,  Dec.  7, 
Comfort  Horton,  Feb.  1, 
Abel  F.  Pierce,  Feb.  1. 
Isaiah  Bowen,  Feb.  1, 
Amos  Lee,  Feb.  1, 

Benjamin  Perry,  Feb.  1, 
Henry  Simmons,  Feb.  28, 
Eibridge  (^  Miller,  Feb.  28, 
Samuel  Nichols,  March  4, 
Nathan  B.  Goff,  April  5, 
Gideon  Ilorton,  April  8, 
Thomas  P.  Goff.  April  8, 
Thomas  Lewis. 


1835. 
1836. 
1837. 
1837. 
1837. 
1837. 
1837. 
1838. 
1838. 
1838. 
1838. 
1838. 
1838. 
1838. 
1838. 
1838. 
1838. 
1838. 


Females 


Join&d 


Patience  Bowen. 
Hannah  Bullock. 
Lydia  Horton. 
Chloe  Bosworth. 
Sarah  Hicks. 
Susannah  Baker. 
Elizabeth  Miller. 
Freelove  Nichols. 
Mary  Buffinton. 
Ardelia  Allen. 
Mary  Martin. 
Rebecca  Bullock. 
Hannah  H.  Bullock. 
Nancy  Pierce. 
Rhoda  Kelton,  died  May  3, 
Precilla  Case. 
Maryan  Pierce. 
Patience  Buffinton. 
Betsy  Pierce. 
Lydia  Bowen. 
Abagail  Bowen. 
Sarah  Miller. 


1839. 


Sal  la  Ix^e. 

Lyda  Kelton, 

Surah  Bowen. 

Hannah  Nichols,  Feb.  18, 

Huldah  Bullock,  Feb.  18, 

Nancy  Hicks,  March  18, 

Eliza  Simmons,     April  1, 

Ilaniiuh Bosworth,  April  1, 

Susan  Eddy,  June  3, 

Mary  Simmons,     July  1, 

Nancy  Mason, 

Sally  Baker, 

Sally  Hunter, 

Eliza  Pierce. 

Maryan  Buffinton,  Dec.  2, 

Almanda  Baker,    June  2, 

Patience  Baker,      Oct.  1, 

Sasannah  Pierce  2d,  Oct.  1, 

Abagail  Goff. 

Selyan  Pierce,       Nov.  2, 

Nancy  Allen,         Nov.  2, 

Mariali  Bullock,   Nov.  2, 


Jan.  7,  1830. 


1830. 
1830. 
1830. 
1830. 
1830. 
1830. 
1830. 
1830. 
1830. 
1830. 


Sept.  2, 
Nov.  4, 
Dec.  2, 


1830. 
1831. 
1835. 
1835. 

1837. 
1837. 
1837. 


*  From  Church  Record  Book  from  1809  to  18:i7.     The  revised  list  made  Oct. 
5.  1837. 


riOltMIIXK   Cdl'IKII 


FtOltNlKNK  SrFI<)(H,nOi;SE 


UII.I.EAM    TIIATCIIKH 


ECCLESIASTICAL  HISTORY 


203 


Levina  Millard,  Nov.  2,  1837. 
Emeline  Baker,  Nov.  2,  1837. 
Lorryan  I^wton,  Dec.  7,  1837. 
Mary  Bullock,  Dec.  7,  1837. 
Nancy  Horton,  Oct.  5,  1837. 
Sarah  Ann  Horton,  Oct.  5,  1837. 
Nancy  G.  Pierce,  Oct.  5,  1837. 
Jane  Croswell,       Aug.  3,  1837. 


Abby  Ann  Pierce,  Feb.  1,  1838. 
Huldy  Miller,  Feb.  28,  1838. 
Nancy  Nichols,  March  4,  1838. 
Nancy  W.  Pierce,  April  8,  1838. 
Choice  M.  Pierce,  April  8, 1838. 
Lucinda  D.  Pierce,  April  8, 1838. 
Pheby  Short,  April  8,  1838. 
Sally  Goff,  Sept.  6,  1838. 


The  Hornbine  Church 

This  church  is  in  the  southeast  part  of  the  town,  about  six  miles 
from  Rehoboth  Village.  It  is  at  the  present  time  (1917)  in  ex- 
cellent repair,  with  neat  and  attractive  surroundings.  The  church 
belonged  originally  to  the  order  of  the  Six-Principle  Baptists. 
Their  creed  is  found  in  Hebrews  vi:  1,  2.  The  name  "Hornbine" 
is  a  corruption  of  Hornbeam,  a  species  of  tree  which  grows  in  the 
vicinity. 

About  thirty  members  of  the  Second  Baptist  Church  in  Swan- 
sea, at  that  time  of  the  Six- Principle  creed,  formed  themselves  into 
a  church  in  Rehoboth,  and  ordained  Mr.  Daniel  Martin  as  their 
pastor,  Feb.  8,  1753.  Elder  Martin  was  the  eldest  son  of  Dea. 
Melatiah  Martin  of  Swansea.  He  was  born  Sept.  23,  1702,  fol- 
lowed the  trade  of  a  house-carpenter,  and  died  Nov.  18,  1781, 
aged  seventy-nine.    He  had  nine  children. 

Soon  after  his  settlement  over  this  church,  Elder  Nathan 
Pierce  was  ordained  as  his  colleague  and  continued  to  preach  to 
this  people  for  forty  years.  He  was  born  in  Warwick,  R.I.,  Feb. 
21,  1716.  His  father  was  Dea.  Mial  Pearce.*  His  wife  was  Lydia 
Martin  of  Barrington,  R.I.,  to  whom  he  was  married  Oct.  6,  1736. 
They  had  sixteen  children,  ten  sons  and  six  daughters.  Two  of 
his  sons  were  Revolutionary  soldiers.  Mr.  Pierce  died  April  14, 
1793,  in  his  seventy-eighth  year.  His  mortal  remains,  buried  in 
the  family  yard  in  the  Horton  neighborhood,  have  since  been  re- 
moved with  those  of  his  son.  Elder  Preserved,  to  the  Village 
Cemetery.  "Elder  Pierce  was  an  able  minister  of  the  New  Testa- 
ment, sound  in  the  faith,  deep  in  the  mysteries  of  godliness,  —  a 
plain,  powerful,  comprehensive  and  feeling  preacher."  (Knight's 
Baptist  History,  p.  304.)  During  his  ministry  the  church  increased 
in  numbers  and  influence.  Some  years  before  the  death  of  Elder 
Pierce,  Elder  Thomas  Seamans  was  ordained  as  his  colleague. 

'  Until  recent  years  the  name  was  often  written  and  pronounced  Pearce. 


204  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

He  was  a  fanner  by  occupation  and  possessed  great  physical  vigor. 
He  preached  a  sermon  in  this  church  after  he  was  one  hundred 
years  of  age,  and  died  in  1826,  at  the  advanced  age  of  one  hundred 
and  four  years,  five  months  and  fifteen  days,  probably  the  oldest 
person  that  ever  died  in  Rehoboth.  He  spent  the  last  few  years 
of  his  life  with  his  son,  Mr.  Comfort  Seamans,  who  owned  a  farm 
about  a  mile  north  of  the  church.  His  remains  lie  buried  in  a 
little  plot  on  the  farm  inclosed  by  a  strong  wall,  but  overgrown 
with  shrubs.  The  stone  which  marks  the  spot  is  uninscribed, 
save  on  the  upper  edge,  where  the  figures  "104,'*  rudely  carved» 
indicate  his  age.  Beside  him  are  buried  his  son  and  several  mem- 
bers of  his  family.  Elder  Seamans'  grandson,  deacon  Josiah  Sim- 
mons (as  the  name  is  now  spelled)  was  an  honored  deacon  in  this 
church  for  many  years. 

During  Elder  Seamans'  pastorate  he  was  assisted  by  several 
colleagues.  Elder  Benjamin  Mason  of  Swansea  preached  with 
him  for  a  time.  In  the  year  1800,  Elder  Preserved  Pierce  and  his 
brother  Elder  Philip  Pierce,  were  ordained  as  associate  pastors 
with  Elder  Seamans.  Elder  Philip  Pierce  afterwards  went  West, 
but  returned  to  spend  his  last  years  with  his  daughter  in  Dighton, 
Mass. 

Elder  Preserved  Pierce  was  the  son  of  Elder  Nathan,  and  was 
bom  in  Rehoboth  July  23,  1758.  He  married  Sarah  Lewb,  also 
of  Rehoboth,  by  whom  he  had  ten  children.  Richard  Knight, 
in  his  Baptist  History ^  speaks  of  him  as  a  "sound,  pious  and  useful 
minister."  During  his  pastorate  no  salary  was  paid  by  the  church, 
the  minister  earning  his  bread  by  the  sweat  of  his  brow.  This 
accounts  for  the  custom  in  this  denomination  of  having  colleagues, 
thus  permitting  several  elders  to  share  the  work  of  the  parish 
while  supporting  themselves. 

Mr.  Pierce  used  to  say  that  the  only  money  he  received  for  his 
services  was  fifty  cents  a  year,  which  sum  a  good  lady,  Miss  Molly 
Miller,  slipped  into  his  fingers  while  shaking  hands  with  him.  A 
large  number  of  members  were  added  to  the  church  during  hb 
ministry,  which  continued  till  his  death,  June  29,  1828,  in  the 
seventieth  year  of  his  age.  At  this  period,  according  to  Knight, 
the  Church  had  about  126  members.^  After  the  death  of  Elder 
Pierce  the  church  was  supplied  by  Elders  William  Manchester, 
Joseph  Blackmar  and  others,  until  1834,  when  Elder  Otis  Potter 

'Knight's  History  of  the  General  or  Six-Principle  Baptists,  Providence,  1827. 


ECCLESIASTICAL  HISTORY  205 

of  Cranston,  R.I.,  became  their  minister.  On  the  first  Sabbath 
in  May  of  that  year  Elder  Potter  organized  the  Sunday-school, 
consisting  of  thirty  or  forty  young  people,  which  he  superintended 
himself.  He  resided  at  Swansea  Factory  and  preached  a  part  of 
the  time  to  the  Swansea  church  at  the  home  of  Dea.  Ellery  Wood. 
During  the  first  year  of  Elder  Potter's  pastorate,  there  was  a 
revival,  and  sixty  persons  joined  the  church  on  profession  of 
faith. 

Elder  Potter  was  a  strong  advocate  of  temperance,  and  an  un- 
compromising abolitionist.  At  the  time  of  the  Dorr  disturbance 
in  Rhode  Island,  he  took  a  rigid  stand  against  the  Dorr  party, 
much  to  the  displeasure  of  certain  members  of  his  church.  On 
going  into  his  pulpit  one  Sunday,  having  the  week  before  ex- 
pressed himself  strongly  on  this  point,  he  found  suspended  there 
a  gun,  knapsack,  bayonet,  sword,  and  various  other  implements 
of  war. 

Finding  that  he  had  in  various  ways  aroused  considerable  op- 
position to  himself,  he  left  Rehoboth  in  1841  or  *42  and  preached 
at  Cranston,  R.I.,  until  1848,  when  he  returned  to  his  former 
charge  in  Rehoboth,  where  he  remained  four  years  longer.  After 
that  he  moved  to  Providence  and  went  into  the  book  business, 
still  preaching  as  he  had  opportunity.  He  died  May  27,  1857,  of 
consumption.  One  of  his  sons.  Elder  Thomas  Potter,  preached 
for  a  time  at  Fresno,  Cal. 

The  church  was  next  supplied  by  Elders  Warner  and  Morton, 
and  Elder  Samuel  Knight  of  Swansea.  Elder  Waterman  Pierce, 
grandson  of  Elder  Nathan,  also  preached  to  this  people  for  sev- 
eral years.  Most  of  his  ministerial  life  was  spent  with  the  Free 
Baptist  Church  at  Barneyville,  Swansea,  a  little  flock  which  he 
had  gathered. 

Elder  Welcome  G.  Comstock  was  acting  pastor  of  this  church 
for  about  fourteen  years,  beginning  in  1862.  He  was  a  kind,  jovial 
man,  and  an  entertaining  speaker,  but  a  poor  financier. 

From  1876  to  1880,  Rev.  James  L.  Pierce  was  acting  pastor. 
During  this  period  there  was  a  revival  in  which  Mr.  Pierce  was 
assisted  by  Dr.  M.  L.  Rosvalley,  a  converted  Jew.  The  church 
received  some  additions  and  was  much  strengthened.  Mr.  Pierce 
having  preached  for  more  than  thirty  years  in  various  places, 
ended  his  days  in  South  Rehoboth. 

Mr.  Pierce's  successor  was  Rev.  William  Miller  of  Swansea, 


206  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

who  began  hb  labors  here  April  1«  1880,  and  supplied  the  pulpit 
for  a  number  of  years. 

In  the  spring  of  1888,  Rev.  George  H.  Horton  became  pastor 
of  this  church,  which  he  served  faithfully  for  five  years.  Up  to 
this  time  the  church  had  continued  under  the  old  Six-Principle 
creed,  although  several  of  its  ministers  were  of  other  denomina- 
tions. Mr.  Horton  secured  the  substitution  of  the  Free  BapUst 
creed,  and  the  church  became  aflSliated  with  the  Free  Baptist 
Association  of  Rhode  Island.  Public  services  in  recognition  of  the 
change  were  held  in  the  church,  Nov.  20,  1888.  Since  that  time 
a  number  of  ministers  have  supplied  the  pulpit  and  changes  have 
been  frequent.  Among  these  are  Revs.  L.  B.  Rose,  1894,  B.  A. 
Sherwood,  1895,  R.  I.  Hudson,  1896,  George  E.  Hathaway,  1897- 
1901,  S.  H.  McKean,  1902-1904,  W.  A.  Leonard,  1906-1908, 
Walter  Bartlett  of  the  Dighton  Congregational  church,  1908- 
1909,  and  John  P.  Richardson  from  the  same  church,  1910  to 
1916.  While  preaching  has  been  regularly  sustained  and  the 
property  well  kept,  the  church  proper  has  run  down  until  only 
one  member  is  left,  Mrs.  Frank  Pierce,  its  clerk.  The  Christian 
people  of  the  community,  however,  forming  a  congregation  of 
twenty-five  to  thirty-five  at  the  Sunday  service,  although  of  many 
creeds,  afford  a  fine  illustration  of  Christian  union. 

About  fifty  years  ago  the  Hombine  people  formed  themselves 
into  an  organization  which  they  designated  as  The  First  Baptist 
Church  and  Society,  for  the  purpose  of  raising  money  for  the  par- 
ish expenses.  Under  its  direction  annual  clam-bakes  have  been 
held  at  Baker's  Grove  near  the  church.  These  clam-bakes  soon 
became  very  popular,  and  in  some  years  nearly  three  thousand  peo* 
pie  have  assembled  from  the  surrounding  cities  and  towns.  Plates 
were  set  for  fifteen  hundred  at  fifty  cents  each,  and  five  hundred 
more  were  fed  at  random,  paying  for  what  they  ordered.  More 
than  a  thousand  dollars  has  been  taken  in  a  single  day.  This 
was  before  1886,  when  the  Antiquarian  Bake  was  instituted  at  the 
Village,  after  which  the  attendance  diminished  somewhat,  and 
especially  after  the  advent  of  the  electrics  in  1898,  which  favored 
the  Village  bake;  but  since  automobiles  have  become  common 
the  old-time  crowds  have  come  back  and  often  the  patrons  of  the 
bake  are  more  than  can  be  cared  for.  Many  of  these  visitors 
have  relatives  in  the  neighborhood  and  the  day  (the  first  Wednes- 
day in  September)  is  to  them  an  occasion  of  a  grand  reunion. 


liKdlttiK  II.   FIOllTON 


\VKL(■0^[K  F.   IIOUTOX 


ECCLESIASTICAL  HISTORY  207 

For  the  last  forty  years  the  net  proceeds  have  averaged  $400. 
The  nineteen  hundred  and  fourteen  bake  netted  over  $450.  Some 
money  is  also  received  from  the  "Columbus  Bake,"  which  was 
begun  in  1911  for  the  enjoyment  of  the  people  of  the  neighbor- 
hood to  whom  the  larger  bake  brought  much  care  and  labor;  but 
others  also  like  to  come,  and  preparation  is  made  for  two  hundred 
and  fifty  people.  The  proceeds  of  these  clam-bakes  have  enabled 
the  Society  to  meet  all  expenses  and  to  maintain  the  Church 
property  in  first-class  condition. 

As  there  are  no  early  records  of  this  church,  a  complete  list  of 
its  deacons  cannot  be  given,  but  some  of  them  were  Mial  Pearce, 
Joseph  Seamans,  Joseph  Lewis,  Ichabod  Bosworth,  Jonathan 
Lewis,  Mason  Horton,  and  George  T.  Wheeler. 

The  Anna  wan   Union  Baptist  Church 

In  the  year  1839  the  Congregational  Society  left  their  old  meet- 
ing-house on  the  Village  Cemetery  lot  and  entered  their  new  house 
of  worship  in  the  Village.  Several  of  the  older  members,  however, 
including  some  of  the  trustees,  were  unwilling  to  make  the  change, 
and  withdrew  from  the  Society.  At  this  time  there  were  a  few 
families  of  the  Bai)tist  beHef  living  in  Rehoboth  who  were  members 
of  Elder  GofT*s  church,  on  Long  Hill,  in  Dighton.  As  the  latter 
church  had  greatly  declined  in  numbers,  making  it  diflScult  to 
sustain  regular  services,  it  was  thought  a  favorable  time  to  form 
a  new  Baptist  church  within  the  limits  of  Rehoboth.  This  plan 
was  favored  by  Elder  J.  L.  Whittemore,  of  the  Dighton  church. 
Accordingly  it  was  proposed  that  these  brethren  join  with  the 
distifTecled  members  of  the  Congregational  Society  in  holding 
a  series  of  meetings  with  reference  to  forming  a  new  church. 

The  first  meeting  was  held  on  the  first  Sabbath  in  January, 
1840,  at  the  tavern  of  Mr.  Isaac  Lewis,  where  there  was  a  con- 
venient hall.  A  large  number  were  present,  and  the  congregation 
continued  to  increase  from  Sabbath  to  Sabbath,  till  the  hall  over- 
flowed. After  the  first  few  meetings,  which  were  conducted  by 
Messrs.  Whittemore  and  Brently,  the  people  secured  the  services 
of  Mr.  Caleb  Blood,  a  talented  young  man  from  the  freshman 
class  of  Brown  University. 

Early  in  the  spring  of  this  year  The  Union  Baptist  Society  was 
organized.  A  committee  was  appointed,  consisting  of  Richard 
Goff,  Otis  Peck,  and  Joseph  Bowen,  to  erect  a  meeting-house  on 


206  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

the  lot  appropriated  for  that  purpose  by  Darius  Horton,  near 
Lewis'  tavern,  on  the  Providence  and  Taunton  turnpike. 

On  the  twelfth  of  March,  Mr.  Blood  presented  eight  articles 
of  faith,  embodying  the  strict  principles  of  the  Calvinistic  Bap- 
tists. These  articles  were  signed  by  the  following  persons,  who 
thereby  constituted  themselves  a  church:  Seth  Talbot,  Isaiah 
N.  Allen,  Benjamin  Munroe,  Charles  C.  Munroe,  Sally  Talbot, 
Ann  F.  Allen,  Ruth  Munroe,  Sybil  Peck,  Peddy  Peck,  Joanna 
Horton,  Polly  Bowen,  Nancy  Bowen,  Fanny  L.  Williams,  Olive 
Wheeler,  Joanna  Wheeler,  Lucy  Horton  and  Jane  Snow. 

Thb  church  was  publicly  recognized  by  an  ecclesiastical  council 
which  assembled  at  Lewis'  hall,  April  1,  1840,  Rev.  A.  Fisher  of 
Swansea  preaching  the  sermon.  The  following  day  was  set  apart 
by  the  church  as  a  day  of  special  fasting  and  prayer,  and  meet- 
ings were  held  almost  daily  for  several  weeks,  resulting  in  num- 
erous conversions.  April  26th,  Danforth  G.  Horton,  John  Davis, 
Jr.,  Thomas  Carpenter,  and  several  others  were  baptized. 

On  the  third  of  June,  Mr.  Caleb  Blood  was  ordained  by  an 
ecclesiastical  council  which  met  at  Lewis'  tavern.  Rev.  Asa 
Bronson  of  Fall  River  preaching  the  sermon.  Mr.  Blood  was  en- 
gaged to  supply  the  pulpit  for  the  sum  of  three  hundred  dollars 
a  year.  His  pastoral  labors  were  greatly  blessed,  and  the 
church  at  the  close  of  the  first  year  numbered  forty-three  mem- 
bers. Mr.  Blood  was  bom  July  4,  1815,  at  Rodman,  N.Y. 
He  graduated  at  Brown  University  in  1844;  was  married  April 
10,  1844,  to  Miss  Martha  Baker  of  Rehoboth,  by  whom  he  had 
five  children.  He  died  Nov.  21,  1881,  at  Independence,  Mo. 
While  pastor  of  this  church  Mr.  Blood  organized  the  Sunday- 
school  which  flourished  for  many  years. 

The  new  meeting-house  was  dedicated  Nov.  25,  1840,  with  the 
sermon  by  Mr.  Blood,  from  Isaiah  60:13. 

Up  to  1883  the  church  had  fifteen  pastors  and  acting  pastors, 
whose  names  and  terms  of  service  follow:  Rev.  Caleb  Blood, 
1840-41  (died  Nov.  21,  1881);  Rev.  David  M.  Burdick,  1841-43; 
Rev.  Henry  C.  Coombs,  1843-47;  Rev.  Silas  Hall,  1847-49;  Rev. 
Samuel  A.  Collins,  1850-52;  Rev.  Zalmon  Tobey,  1852-53;  Rev. 
J.  J.Thatcher,  1854-59;  Rev.  Henry  C.  Coombs,  1860-64;  Rev. 
Samuel  C.  Cheever,  1865-68;  Rev.  John  Coombs,  1868-69; 
Rev.  J.  M.  Mace,  1870-73;   Rev.  Norman  B.  Wilson,  1873-75; 


ECCLESIASTICAL  HISTORY  209 

Rev.  L.  F.  Shepherdson,  1875-78;  Rev.  O.  P.  Bessey,  1878-80; 
Rev.  D.  C.  Bixby,  1880-83. 

In  1870  the  church  was  presented  with  a  house  and  lot  for  a 
parsonage,  the  gift  of  Mrs.  Delight  C.  Reed,  of  Taunton»  only 
child  of  Christopher  Carpenter  of  Rehoboth.  In  1878  the  church 
received  a  bequest  of  five  hundred  dollars  from  Mrs.  Nancy  Baker. 

An  important  revival  was  enjoyed  under  the  labors  of  Rev. 
Samuel  A.  Collins,  and  many  were  added  to  the  church.  An- 
other revival  occurred  during  the  pastorate  of  Mr.  Bessey,  the 
Congregational  Church  joining  in  special  services  during  the 
winter  of  1879-80. 

After  Mr.  Bixby  came  Rev.  E.  A.  Goddard,  whose  personal 
influence  vitalized  all  branches  of  the  church  and  led  to  increased 
attendance  and  activity.  A  conveyance  was  furnished  each  Sun- 
day to  bring  the  people  to  church  and  Sunday-school  from  the 
outlying  districts,  and  the  whole  community  felt  the  awakening. 
This  was  a  last  great  effort  to  save  the  church  from  a  decline 
which  was  inevitable.  So  many  had  died  or  moved  away  that  the 
church  ultimately  became  weak  in  membership  and  finances. 

Mr.  Goddard  finished  his  work  here  about  1889,  and  was  fol- 
lowed by  Rev.  A.  T.  Derr  from  Newton  Theological  Seminary^ 
who  was  ordained  pastor  of  the  church  Jan.  29,  1890,  but  re- 
mained only  a  short  time,  giving  place  to  Rev.  J.  H.  Balcom  in 
1891-1893.  The  pulpit  was  then  supplied  by  John  Watts  and 
Howard  Brown,  students  from  Brown  University,  each  for  one 
year;  and  last  of  all  by  Rev.  Wallace  Gushee.  The  church  was 
finally  closed  about  the  year  1900  after  sixty  years  of  struggle 
and  self-denial.  At  the  church  reunion  on  Fast  Day,  1886,  the 
statement  was  made  by  Dea.  Gilbert  Bullock  that  "since  the  or- 
ganization of  the  church  in  1840,  two  hundred  and  thirty  different 
persons  have  been  members,  and  the  present  number  is  eighty- 
six."  After  1900  the  house  remained  unoccupied  for  a  number  of 
years  and  some  of  the  Baptists  attended  the  Congregational 
Church  at  the  Village. 

The  deacons  of  the  Annawan  church  were:  Seth  Talbot,  ap- 
pointed in  1840,  John  Davis,  Jr.,  1840;  Sylvester  Hunt,  1845; 
John  Davis,  1854;  Gilbert  D.  Bullock,  1867;  Hale  S.  Luther. 
1883;  and  G.  Gardner  Bullock,  1883. 

Deacon  Luther  was  for  a  long  time  superintendent  of  the  Sun- 
day-school, a  man  highly  respected  for  his  sterling  virtues,  and 
14 


210  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

likewise  Dea.  G.  D.  Bullock,  whose  zeal  and  devotion  to  the  church 
were  unfailing.  The  name  of  Charles  Perry  should  also  be  men- 
tioned as  one  who  spared  neither  time  nor  money  in  the  service 
of  the  church  and  Sunday-school. 

April  28,  1908,  the  church  people  gave  their  property  to  the 
Annawan  Grange,  which  has  greatly  improved  the  house,  and  holds 
its  meetings  there. 

This  is  one  of  the  incidental  good  results  of  the  movement  in 
1840  to  establish  a  Baptist  church  near  Lewis'  tavern.  Of  the 
moral  and  spiritual  uplift  to  those  who  have  felt  its  influence, 
only  the  recording  angel  can  bear  witness. 

The  Irons,  or  Freb-Will  Baptist  Church 

The  Irons  Church,  so-called,  was  located  in  the  north  part  of 
the  town,  in  an  oak  grove,^  about  half  a  mile  south  of  the  Attle- 
borough  line  and  not  far  from  Briggs  Corner.  It  was  organized 
Oct.  2,  1777,  with  thirty-one  members.  A  distinguishing  feature 
of  this  body  was  its  practice  of  free  communion,  and  at  a  very 
early  period  it  became  connected  with  the  Groton  Conference  of 
Free  Communion  Baptists.  Elder  James  Sheldon  of  Providence 
was  ordained  its  first  pastor,  Sept.  6, 1780. 

According  to  Backus,  he  bought  a  farm  in  the  neighborhood  for 
sixteen  hundred  dollars,  but  owing  to  the  financial  distress  of 
1786,  after  paying  in  one  thousand  dollars,  he  was  obliged  to  sell 
it  at  a  loss  of  seven  hundred  dollars  and  moved  back  to  Providence, 
although  he  came  out  and  preached  until  his  dismission  in  1792, 
after  which  he  removed  to  the  state  of  New  York. 

Elder  Sheldon  was  followed  by  Elder  Jeremiah  Irons,  who  was 
ordained  over  the  church  Sept.  24,  1795.  He  continued  to  labor 
here  with  great  acceptance  until  his  dismission,  June  26, 1799.  He 
was  born  in  Gloucester,  R.I.,  Oct.  14,  1765.  After  leaving  Re- 
hoboth  he  preached  for  many  years  in  the  West.  At  the  time  of. 
his  pastorate,  and  afterward,  the  church  came  to  be  known  as 
**The  Irons  Church."  For  several  years  after  Mr.  Irons  left,  the 
church  was  supplied  by  Elders  William  Northrup,  Daniel  Hix 
and  others,  until  1808,  when  Elder  Samuel  Northrup  of  North 
Kingston,  R.I.,  became  acting  pastor  until  his  death,  July  21, 
1812.  Under  his  ministry  the  church  flourished  and  increased  in 
numbers  and  strength. 

*Af  shown  in  a  pencil  sketch  preserved  by  Dr.  William  BlandinK  (see  p.  4). 


ECCLESIASTICAL  HISTORY  211 

Again  the  church  was  left  without  a  regular  pastor  for  a  number  of 
years.  Elder  Sylvester  Round,  pastor  of  the  Six-Principle  Baptist 
Church  near  Stevens'  Comer,  often  preached  for  them  and  admin- 
istered the  sacrament.  The  pulpit  was  also  supplied  by  Elders 
Childs  Luther,  Daniel  Hix,  Levi  Hathaway,  and  Reuben  Allen. 

The  church  enjoyed  its  greatest  revival  in  the  years  1820-22, 
under  the  labors  of  Elders  David  Sweet  and  Levi  Hathaway,  and 
a  large  number  of  worthy  members  were  gathered  into  it.  From 
this  time  the  church  became  connected  with  the  Rhode  Island 
Quarterly  Meeting,  a  Free- Will  Baptist  organization,  and  was  sup- 
plied mostly  by  ministers  from  this  association.  It  was  henceforth 
designated  as  The  First  Free- Will  Baptist  Church  in  Rehoboth. 

In  1830-31  the  church  enjoyed  another  interesting  revival  un- 
der the  preaching  of  Elder  John  Yearnshaw,  when  twenty-five 
more  persons  joined  its  membership.  In  1834-35,  Elder  Junia 
S.  Mowry  was  acting  pastor.  He  was  succeeded  by  Mr.  David 
Steere,  who  was  ordained  pastor  in  September,  1836.  At  this 
time  the  church  numbered  ninety  members.  His  father  was  a 
Quaker,  who  died  leaving  him,  a  young  lad,  with  a  large  fortune. 
This  he  soon  wasted  with  riotous  living,  and  worked  for  a  time  in 
a  paper-mill  in  Cumberland,  R.I.  He  was  converted  in  a  bar- 
room. As  he  was  putting  a  glass  of  rum  to  his  lips,  he  seemed  to 
hear  a  voice  saying  to  him  plainly,  "David,  if  you  drink  that  cup, 
you  drink  your  eternal  damnation.*'  He  dropped  the  glass,  fell 
on  his  knees,  and  cried  to  God  for  mercy.  From  that  hour  he  was 
an  active  Christian.  He  remained  with  this  church  till  1840, 
when  he  was  dismissed,  and  went  to  Newport,  R.I.  It  was  during 
Elder  Steere's  pastorate  that  the  old  first  meeting-house  was  aban- 
doned and  a  new  one  built  one-third  of  a  mile  further  north 
and  nearer  Briggs  Corner,  on  the  opposite  side  of  the  road  from 
the  Thrasher  house.    This  church  was  dedicated  July  4,  1837. 

Mr.  John  W.  Colwell  was  ordained  pastor  of  this  church  in  Octo- 
ber, 1841,  and  continued  for  four  years.  For  several  years  he  was 
overseer  in  the  factory  at  Hebronville.  He  preached  a  while  in 
California,  and  on  his  return  died  at  Panama.  He  left  several 
children.  One  of  his  sons  was  Rev.  John  W.  Colwell,  a  Con- 
gregational clergyman. 

Mr.  Colwell  was  succeeded  by  Elder  Joshua  Stetson,  who  was 
ordained  over  the  church  in  August,  1845,  and  labored  in  all 
about  two  years,  when  he  removed  to  Taunton. 


212  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Mr.  Stetson's  successor  was  Elder  Gardner  Clarke»  who  was 
acting  pastor  from  July*  1846»  until  1853»  during  which  time  there 
was  a  revival,  and  several  names  were  added  to  the  church.  Mr. 
Clarke  was  bom  at  Highgate,  Vt.,  Aug.  21,  1812.  He  spent  hia 
early  days  mostly  at  Bradford,  Vt.,  and  received  a  good  education 
from  the  academies  of  his  native  State.  He  was  ordained  at  Cabot* 
Vt.,  in  1843.  He  was  married  in  1837  to  Miss  Jane  R.  Deming» 
of  Wethersfield,  Conn.,  by  whom  he  had  three  daughters.  Mr. 
Clarke  resided  in  Attleborough.  He  was  succeeded  by  Elder 
liOwell  Parker,  of  Charlestown,  R.I.,  who  remained  with  the 
church  from  1853  to  1858,  when  he  removed  to  Portsmouth, 
N.H.;  1859-62,  Elder  George  W.  Wallace;  1863-64,  Elder  John 
Pratt,  of  Newport,  R.I.;  1865,  Elder  Handy.  After  1866  the 
church  was  supplied  for  a  number  of  years  by  students  from  Brown 
University.    In  1875  there  were  only  seven  active  members. 

In  1880-82,  Elder  Gardner  Clarke  preached  to  thb  people  a 
second  time.  After  this  the  services  of  the  church  proper  ceased. 
The  Methodists  held  one  service  each  Sabbath  for  several  years, 
but  in  1892  the  church  was  permanently  closed.  It  was  finally 
taken  down,  and  to-day  scarcely  a  stone  is  left  to  mark  its  site. 
Every  vestige  of  the  old  Irons  Church  is  gone  long  since,  grove 
and  all. 

In  1886  a  chapel  was  built  across  the  line  in  Attleborough, 
owned  and  run  by  the  "Christian  Union  of  Briggs  Corner."  A 
Sunday-school  was  organized  and  services  were  held  at  first,  oc- 
casionally by  different  ministers,  but  later  the  work  came  under 
the  spiritual  care  of  the  Second  Congregational  Church  in  Attle- 
borough, to  which  many  of  the  communicants  belong,  and  for 
a  number  of  years  its  pastor.  Dr.  J.  Lee  Mitchell,  has  preached 
here  regularly.  The  enterprise  is  much  indebted  to  the  Ladies' 
"Mite  Society"  which  has  a  membership  of  forty-eight. 

The  following  is  the  list  of  deacons  since  the  organization  of 
tlie  old  church  in  1777:  Jacob  Bliss,  David  Perry,  Edmund  Mason, 
Cyril  C.  Peck,  William  Cole,  Milton  Freeman,  George  H.  Thrasher, 
William  Lane. 

METHODIST  EPISCOPAL  CHURCH 

A  Baptist  Church  of  the  Six-Principle  order  was  formed  in  the 
northeast  part  of  the  town,  not  far  from  Stevens*  Corner,  about 
the  year  1740.    It  started  with  forty  members,  and  ordained  Mr. 


ECCLESIASTICAL  HISTORY  213 

Richard  Round  as  its  pastor,  July  13,  1743.  After  some  years, 
he  left  to  preach  at  Oak  Swamp,  where  he  died  May  18,  1768, 
and  his  tombstone  may  be  seen  near  Rev.  John  Comer's  in  the 
South  Rehoboth  burying-ground.  After  his  removal  the  church 
he  had  gathered  became  feeble  and  there  was  no  regular  preaching 
for  many  years. 

In  the  year  1789  the  church  was  revived  under  the  efficient 
labors  of  Elder  Sylvester  Round  and  Deacon  Aaron  Wheeler. 
They  were  ordained  as  associate  pastors  on  the  twentieth  of  April 
of  that  year.  Elder  Wheeler  died  in  1800,  but  Elder  Round  con- 
tinued its  pastor  till  his  death,  Oct.  26,  1824.  He  was  a  very  able 
and  influential  man.  He  was  born  in  this  town  April  10,  1762, 
and  was  married  to  Mehitabel  Perry  in  1780.  About  the  year 
1800  he  built  the  old  tavern-house  for  his  son. 

Up  to  the  time  of  Elder  Round's  death  the  church  had  belonged 
to  the  Six-Principle  Baptists.  The  house  of  worship  stood  where 
the  school-house  now  stands.  In  1824  the  old  meeting-house, 
having  fallen  into  decay,  a  new  one  was  built  on  the  corner  of  the 
road  leading  to  Norton. 

In  1826,  Rev.  Lorenzo  Dow  Johnson,  a  Reformed  Methodist, 
from  Vermont,  visited  this  place  and  preached  the  gospel  with 
great  power;  the  church  was  revived,  and  joined  the  denomination 
to  which  Mr.  Johnson  belonged.  It  soon  became  prosperous,  and 
under  the  preaching  of  Rev.  Benjamin  McCloth,  Rev.  Joseph 
Eldridge,  and  others,  was  favored  with  several  revivals  of  re- 
ligion, until  in  1834  it  had  seventy-seven  members. 

In  1843  the  present  house  of  worship  was  erected,  largely 
through  the  influence  of  Mr.  Grcnvillc  Stevens.  Rev.  Charles 
Hammond  now  became  pastor,  and  remained  for  several  years. 
After  Mr.  Hammond  left,  the  Reformed  Methodists  were  mostly 
merged  in  the  Wesleyan  Methodists,  and  the  church  could  not 
find  preachers  for  the  pulpit.  At  length  certain  persons  applied 
to  the  Providence  Annual  Conference,  and  the  Rev.  William  Cone 
was  sent  to  them  in  1849. 

Now  began  a  new  era  in  the  history  of  the  church,  henceforth 
of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  order.  It  appears  that  about  the  year 
1798,  Rev.  John  Brodhcad,  a  Methodist  preacher,  had  organized 
a  Methodist  class,  which  in  1810  had  forty-five  members.  Rev. 
Thomas  Perry  and  his  wife  were  among  the  earliest  members  of 
this  class,  as  were  also  Mrs.  Rebecca  Perry  and  Mrs.  Noah  Bliss 


214  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

When  Mr.  Cone  came  here  he  succeeded  in  uniting  the  remnant 
of  this  old  class  with  a  few  of  the  members  of  the  Methodist  Be* 
formed  Church,  together  with  others  who  had  been  converted 
through  his  labors,  so  that  at  the  close  of  his  first  year  in  1850  he 
returned  a  membership  of  forty-four. 

Mr.  Cone  was  succeeded  in  1850  by  Rev.  J.  E.  Gifford,  a  asealous 
lalmrer,  who  brought  the  membership  up  to  sixty-five  in  1852. 
The  church  debt  was  wholly  paid  under  his  pastorate. 

In  1856-57  there  was  a  powerful  revival,  owing  to  the  efficient 
labors  of  Rev.  Moses  Chace,  and  many  worthy  meml)ers  were 
added  to  the  church. 

A  successful  Sunday-school  has  been  sustained  from  the  first. 
In  1883  the  church  numbered  forty-five  members.  It  held  reg- 
ularly a  monthly  meeting  of  prayer  for  missions,  for  which  cause 
it  contributed  liberally. 

The  preachers  and  the  dates  of  their  service  have  been  as  follow : 
William  Cone,  1849;  J.  E.  Gifford,  1850-51;  W.  H.  Richards, 
1852-53;  Arnold  Adams,  1854-55;  Henry  H.  Smith,  1856-57; 
Samuel  Fox,  1858-59;  Edward  A.  Lyon,  1860;  Abel  Gardner, 
1861-62;  S.  W.  Cogshall,  1863;  Charles  Morse,  1864-65;  B.  K. 
Bosworth,  1866-67;  Caleb  S.  Sanford,  1868;  John  Q.  Adams, 
1869-70;  Richard  Pony,  1871-72;  Elijali  F.  Smith,  1873;  De 
Witt  C.  House,  1874-75;  S.  V.  B.  Cross,  1876-77;  S.  P.  Snow. 
1878;  Charles  Stokes,  1879;  J.  A.  Rood,  1880-83;  John  F.  Shef- 
field, 1883-84;  George  W.  King,  1884-85;  Charles  Hammond, 
1885-86;  Henry  P.  Adams,  1886-89;  W.  Hall,  1889-90;  Clark 
Perry,  1890-91;  Samuel  F.Johnson,  1891-93;  Edward  B.  Gurney, 
1893-94;  Nathaniel  B.  Cook,  1895-96;  James  Biram,  1896-97; 
Benjamin  F.  Raynor,  1898-99;  Marsden  R.  Foster,  1899-1902; 
Alexander  Anderson,  1902-03;  William  Kirkby,  1904-08;  George 
H.  Butler,  1908-12;  William  McCreary,  1912-13;  William  F. 
Martin,  1913-15. 

Most  of  these  preachers  have  belonged  to  the  New  England 
Southern  Conference.  Two  of  them  became  distinguished  in  the 
denomination.  S.  W^  Cogshall  was  a  noted  scliolar  and  author. 
He  contributed  largely  to  Methodist  periodical  literature.  While 
at  Rehoboth  he  received  the  degree  of  D.D.  from  the  Ohio  Wes- 
leyan  University,  and  was  often  spoken  of  as  ''a  walking  cyclo- 
pedia.** 

G.   W.   King   was  one  of   the   ablest   preachers    among    the 


ECCLESIASTICAL  HISTORY  215 

Methodists,  and  author  of  **T!ie  Moral  Universe"  and  other 
books. 

Nearly  all  of  these  ministers,  as  far  as  Mr.  Gurney,  resided 
within  the  parish  and  devoted  their  whole  time  to  its  interests. 

Messrs.  Cook,  Biram,  Raynor,  and  Foster  divided  their  time 
l)etween  this  and  the  Chartley  field. 

Messrs.  Anderson  and  Kirkby  were  pastors  at  Hebron ville  and 
supplied  the  pulpit  here  on  the  Sabbath.  Messrs.  Butler,  Me- 
Clcary  and  Martin  resided  in  Providence. 

During  the  last  thirty  years  the  church  has  lost  by  death  and 
removals  more  than  it  has  gained  by  admissions.  It  continues 
under  difficulties.  The  church  property  is  kept  in  good  repair, 
partly  by  the  aid  of  an  annual  clam-bake  which  has  proved  bene- 
ficial both  financially  and  socially.  The  electric  cars  have  also 
helped  the  attendance,  although  the  congregations  are  small. 

ELDER  PECK'S  CHURCH 

Elder  Peck's  Church  was  located  in  the  eastern  part  of  Seekonk, 
at  the  junction  of  Lake  Street  and  Lincoln  Street,  and  although 
the  house  was  taken  down  more  than  a  hundred  years  ago  (in 
1815),  the  site  is  still  known  as  "The  Meeting-house  lot."  This 
church  was  organized  by  Elder  Samuel  Peck  (1703-1788),  who 
was  its  minister  for  more  than  forty  years.  Although  Elder  Peck 
was  reckoned  as  a  Baptist,  he  was  an  independent  and  liberal 
Christian  who  welcomed  all  followers  of  Christ  to  the  privileges 
of  his  church.  The  Historian,  Backus,  speaks  of  his  church  as 
"Congregational."  Lender  the  ministry  of  its  large-hearted  leader 
it  was  a  moral  and  spiritual  light  in  the  community.  Dr.  William 
Blanding  (1773-1857),  son  of  William  and  Lydia  (Ormsbee)  Bland- 
ing,  tells  us  that  his  grandfather,  Abraham  Ormsbee,  attended 
Elder  Peck's  Church  and  led  the  singing  there.  As  we  have  seen, 
the  house  was  standing  some  years  after  the  Revolution,  but  its 
glory  seems  to  have  departed  with  its  founder. 

Elder  Samuel  Peck  was  the  son  of  Captain  Samuel  Peck,  who 
was  the  son  of  Joseph,  one  of  the  earliest  settlers  on  the  bank  of 
Palmer's  River;  the  family  for  several  generations  resided  on  a 
farm  within  the  limits  of  the  Thomas  Reynolds  farm  off  Summer 
Street,  and  formerly  known  as  the  "Covill"  place.  Elder  Peck 
married  Hannah  Allen  of  Barrington,  March  23,  1733-4,  and 
"lived  near  Joshua  Smith's." 


CHAPTER  VII 
EDUCATION  IN  REHOBOTH 

In  the  early  days  of  New  England,  when  the  population  was 
mostly  of  Puritan  stock,  the  children  were  taught  the  elements 
of  learning  by  their  parents  and  by  the  parish  minister,  who  met 
them  at  their  homes  or  in  the  church.  Modem  reading-books 
were  unknown,  and  no  spelling-books  were  prepared  before  the 
middle  of  the  eighteenth  century.  Children  were  taught  to  read 
from  the  hornbook,  a  kind  of  printed  tablet  covered  with  thin, 
transparent  horn,  or  the  New  England  Primer,  in  use  for  more 
than  a  century  with  a  yearly  sale  of  twenty  thousand  copies.  It 
contained  the  alphabet,  the  Arabic  numerals,  Scripture  verses  in- 
cluding the  Lord's  prayer,  and  pious  rimes  in  which  children  were 
drilled  for  the  double  practice  of  reading  and  religion. 

'In  Adam's  fall 
We  sinned  all." 

"Zaccheus  he 
Did  climb  a  tree 
His  Lord  to  see." 

Moral  hints  were  couched  in  couplets  like  this: — 

"A  dog  will  bite 
A  thief  at  night." 

The  advanced  reading-book  of  the  early  days  was  the  Bible  it- 
self. A  copy  was  supposed  to  be  in  every  home,  and  it  was  read 
and  conned  more  than  all  other  books  together. 

Webster's  spelling-book  was  a  great  advance  over  all  other  el- 
ementary helps.  It  was  published  in  1785,  and  was  in  common 
use  fifty  or  sixty  years  ago.  Many  millions  of  copies  have  been 
sold. 

Massachusetts  claims  the  honor  of  having  originated  the  free 
public  school  by  a  law  enacted  in  1647.  But  the  Rehoboth  pro- 
prietors, four  years  earlier,  Dec.  10,  1643,  at  a  meeting  in  Wey- 
mouth, had  voted  that  "the  teacher  should  have  a  certain  portion 
from  each  settler,"  thus  making  the  first  provision  on  record  for 
free  public  schools  by  taxation  (p.  21). 

[tia] 


I'KESENT  I'AltSONAGK  OLD  I'AUSONAGK 

lluilt  in  18-Jlt  (K'cupieil  by  U«v.  Otia  Tliomp-ion,  lS0O-m4O. 


EDUCATION  IN  REHOBOTH  217 

These  early  settlers  made  provision,  first  of  all  for  religion  as 
the  most  essential  thing,  and  in  the  second  place  for  the  education 
of  their  children.  Every  community  must  have  its  minister  to 
preach  the  Gospel,  and  its  teacher  to  instruct  the  rising  genera- 
tion to  "read,  write  and  cipher." 

The  town  fathers  set  apart  certain  lots  of  land  known  as  "Pas- 
tors' and  Teachers'  Rights"  for  the  use  of  the  minister  and  the 
pedagogue.  The  teacher's  compensation  was  small,  not  exceeding 
forty  pounds  a  year  for  many  years,  and  often  much  less. 

The  following  items  from  this  history  show  the  amounts  raised 
for  schools  from  time  to  time : — 

In  1680  Mr.  Edward  Howard  was  engaged  to  teach  school  for 
"twenty  pounds  a  year  and  his  diet"  (p.  90). 

In  1699  Robert  Dickson  was  engaged  for  six  months  "to  teach 
both  boys  and  girls  to  read  English  and  write  and  cast  accounts, 
for  which  service  he  was  to  have  thirteen  pounds,  one  half  in  silver 
money  and  the  other  half  in  good,  merchantable  boards"  (p.  98). 

In  the  year  1700  the  school  committee  of  the  town  agreed  with 
the  Rev.  Thomas  Greenwood,  their  minister,  to  teach  school  for 
the  sum  of  thirty  pounds  in  current  silver  money  (p.  98). 

After  1712  the  Palmer's  River  neighborhood  received  a  part  of 
the  school  money.  As  the  population  increased,  more  money 
was  appropriated  for  the  schools.  In  1754,  thirty-eight  pounds; 
in  1772,  eighty  pounds;  in  1792,  one  hundred  and  fifty  pounds, 
to  include  a  Latin  school.  After  the  division  of  the  town  in  181 2, 
Rehoboth  began  by  raising  four  hundred  dollars  a  year;  in  1819,  six 
hundred  dollars;  in  1877,  fifty-three  hundred;  in  1907,  the  same; 
in  1913,  1914,  and  1915,  six  thousand  dollars;  and  in  1916,  seven 
thousand  dollars.  From  this  is  paid  the  tuition  of  the  eighteen 
high-school  pupils  who  study  out  of  town. 

Up  to  the  middle  of  the  niiiteenth  century  each  district  fur- 
nished fuel  and  the  teacher's  board  free  of  charge.  The  districts 
were  authorized  by  a  law  enacted  in  1789  with  the  purpose  of 
giving  all  school  children  a  fair  chance  by  having  convenient  cen- 
ters of  instruction.  Rehoboth  was  accordingly  divided  into  fif- 
teen districts.  The  design  of  the  system  was  praiseworthy,  but 
its  working  was  defective. 

At  first  the  prudential  committee  was  elected  by  the  town,  but 
by  a  law  passed  in  1799  the  districts  were  given  corporate  powers 
and  chose  their  own  moderator,  clerk  and  prudential  committee. 


218  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

and  neither  town  nor  state  had  any  power  to  determine  their  acta. 
The  prudential  committee  hired  the  teacher  for  his  district,  who 
must,  however,  secure  from  the  town's  committee  a  certificate  of 
qualification.  This  was  nearly  always  given,  though  not  infre- 
quently against  his  best  judgment.  The  town  and  state,  thus 
handicapped,  were  unable  to  standardize  either  rules  or  text- 
books. Children  moving  into  a  district  brought  with  them  such 
books  as  they  had.  School  books  were  the  proj^erty  of  the  pupils, 
and  they  were  seldom  required  to  buy  a  different  set.  This  lack 
of  uniformity  multiplied  classes  and  hindered  the  work  of  the 
teacher.  Horace  Mann  says  of  the  system:  ''I  consider  the  law 
of  1789  authorizing  towns  to  divide  themselves  into  districts 
the  most  unfortunate  law  on  the  subject  of  common  schools 
ever  enacted  in  Massachusetts."  The  schools  of  Rehol>oth,  some 
of  which  were  poorly  equipped,  illustrated  the  working  of  this 
system  until  1883,  when  the  districts  were  abolished  by  the  State. 
This  was  a  long  step  forward  and  was  followed  the  next  year  by 
a  statute  requiring  all  towns  to  own  the  text-books  and  to  loan 
them  to  the  pupils  without  expense,  thereby  securing  uniformity. 

One  thing  may  l)e  said  for  the  district  schools.  They  were 
managed  economically.  As  the  parents  boarded  the  teacher  and 
supplied  the  wood,  the  only  expense  was  the  teacher's  wages, 
which  up  to  1850  or  later  averaged  for  a  man  from  S12  to  S16  a 
month,  and  for  a  woman  from  S2  to  $5  a  month,  making  the  total 
expense  for  a  summer  term  about  S20  and  for  a  winter  term  about 
$50.  Exceptional  teachers  were  paid  more.  In  the  winter  of  1840- 
41,  district  number  1,  later  known  as  the  Harris  School,  paid 
Lemuel  Morse,  Esq.,  S20  a  month;  but  the  next  winter  William 
A.  King,  one  of  Mr.  Morse's  pupils,  taught  the  Oak  Swamp  School 
for  SI  1  a  month. 

The  school  year  consisted  of  two  terms  of  three  months  each. 
The  summer  term  began  the  first  Monday  in  May  and  was  kept 
by  a  woman.  The  winter  term  began  the  first  Monday  in  Decem- 
ber, when  the  older  boys  and  girls  attended,  sometimes  up  to  the 
age  of  twenty,  and  was  usually  taught  by  a  man.  Since  the  civil 
war  of  1861-65,  however,  no  men  have  come  to  Rehoboth  to  teach. 
For  the  most  part  only  common  branches  were  pursued,  but  at 
the  Blanding  School  (district  number  2),  Algebra,  Physiology, 
Rhetoric  and  I^itin  were  also  taken  up,  and  in  fact,  for  a  number  of 
years  this  was  the  most  advanced  school  in  town,  owing  to  its 


EDUCATION  IN  REHOBOTH  219 

carefully  selected  teachers  and  the  private  schools  between  the 
regular  terms.  Teachers  were  secured  from  Brown  University, 
among  them  Dr.  Theophilus  Hutchins  and  Francis  Wheaton,  and 
later  Charles  A.  Snow,  afterwards  a  Baptist  minister.  Some  of 
the  women  teachers  here  were  of  unusual  excellence,  as  Amelia 
D.  Blanding,  Susan  and  Elizabeth  Blanding,  and  Elizabeth  B. 
Pierce.  Nearly  forty  young  pupils  have  received  here  their  pre- 
paration for  service  as  teachers. 

It  should  be  stated  that  several  of  the  districts  had  libraries  of 
their  own.  Every  district  raising  $30  for  this  purpose  was  assisted 
by  the  State.  There  was  such  a  lilirary  in  the  Village  (district 
number  7),  kept  in  J.  C.  Marvel's  store,  which  was  frequently  con- 
sulted. The  remains  of  such  a  library  are  still  to  be  seen  at  the 
Bliss  School  (number  5).  In  most  cases,  however,  the  old  books 
have  become  scattered  and  lost. 

An  interesting  event  connected  with  our  common  schools  was 
the  fortieth  reunion  of  the  pupils  of  Mrs.  Elizabeth  Z.  Baker, 
fourteen  in  number,  at  the  Hornbine  School  (number  10)  in  Oc- 
tober, 1909.  Other  pupils  also  and  friends  of  the  school  were  pres- 
ent, exercises  being  held  in  the  church,  and  Mrs.  Baker  and  her 
class  of  fourteen  were  photographed. 

Among  the  men  and  women  who  have  been  effective  workers 
for  the  welfare  of  the  Rehobolh  schools  may  be  mentioned  Ira 
Perry,  L.  Morse,  Esq.,  Asaph  L.  Bliss,  George  H.  Carpenter, 
John  C.  Marvel,  James  Blanding,  William  D.  Hunt,  Francis  A. 
Bliss,  Elizabeth  B.  Pierce,  and  Charlotte  W.  Brown. 

Taken  as  a  whole  the  Rehoboth  schools  will  compare  favorably 
with  those  of  other  country  towns,  having  maintained  an  ex- 
ceptionally high  standard.  Many  bright  girls  have  become  suc- 
cessful teachers,  even  without  the  advantages  of  a  normal  training. 
Men  of  affairs  have  also  received  here  their  preparation  for  a  suc- 
cessful career.  Ex-Governor  John  W.  Davis,  Philip  Munroe, 
Marsden  J.  Perry,  Nathaniel  B.  Horton,  Henry  T.  Horton,  Jere- 
miah W.  Horton,  Edwin  R.  Bosworth,  and  William  W.  Bland- 
ing may  be  mentioned  with  numerous  others. 

In  addition  to  the  common  district  schools,  several  private 
schools  have  been  opened  with  greater  or  less  success.  About 
the  years  1830-35,  Rev.  Otis  Thompson,  who  had  trained  at  the 
Rehoboth  parsonage  no  less  than  fifteen  young  ministers  for  their 
calling,  taught  a  select  school  in  his  own  house,  which  was  highly 


220  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

advantageous  to  the  young  people  who  attended  it.  There  was 
later  a  movement  for  a  select  school  of  advanced  grade  in  the  An- 
nawan  neighborhood,  taught  by  Mr.  J.  K.  Metcalf  and  others* 
and  a  building  was  erected  about  1845  or  1846. 

The  Bicknelx.  Era 

The  years  1854  to  1858  constitute  a  period  of  special  intel- 
lectual activity  in  the  Rehoboth  schools.  The  entire  town  felt 
the  thrill  of  a  new  literary  impulse,  and  youthful  minds  and  hearts 
were  stirred  with  high  resolves  as  never  before  nor  since.  The  oc- 
casion of  this  revival  of  learning  was  the  coming  to  town  of  a 
tall,  athletic  youth  of  nineteen  whose  every  fibre  tingled  with 
enthusiasm.  He  was  Thomas  Williams  Bicknell  of  Barrington» 
R.I.  It  was  in  the  autumn  of  1853  that  John  C.  Marvel,  pruden- 
tial committee  of  district  number  7,  engaged  young  Bicknell  to 
teach  the  winter  term  of  four  months  in  the  '*01d  Red  School- 
house."  He  was  to  have  twenty-five  dollars  a  month  and  "board 
around."  He  received  his  certificate  from  Rev.  C.  P.  Grosvenor, 
chairman  of  the  School  Committee,  without  an  examination.  He 
had  the  "privilege  of  warming  all  the  beds  in  the  district  and  of 
assisting  in  the  disposal  of  all  the  spareribs,  sausages  and  mince- 
pies  between  Dea.  Josephus  Smith's  and  John  Hicks'  on  the 
south  and  the  hospitable  mansions  of  Otis  Goff,  Dea.  Brown, 
Nelson  Goff,  and  others  on  the  north."  The  "Old  Red"  was  well 
filled  with  scholars.  Dea.  E.  A.  Brown  sent  three,  including  Ed- 
ward, afterwards  a  distinguished  lawyer.  The  Hortons  sent  six, 
one  of  whom,  Jeremiah,  became  Mayor  of  Newport,  R.I.,  and 
another,  Henry,  represented  Rehoboth  in  the  State  Legislature. 
The  Luthers  sent  two  fine  scholars,  William  H.  and  Lydia  J. 
Otis  Goff  sent  three,  and  Nelson  Goff  sent  his  son  George  Nelson 
who  was  to  be  state  senator  from  Rehoboth.  The  school,  a  live 
one,  fed  from  a  live  wire,  led  the  van,  with  the  Blanding  School 
a  close  second.  Its  teacher  was  Amelia  D.  Blanding,  who  after- 
wards fell  in  love  with  and  married  the  young  schoolmaster  from 
Rhode  Island.  At  the  close  of  the  term  Mr.  Bicknell  returned  to 
his  class  in  Amherst  College,  but  the  next  winter  he  was  back 
again  in  the  "Old  Red"  with  a  four  months'  contract  and  with 
interest  unabated.  No  sooner  had  the  term  closed  than  he  opened 
a  private  school  in  the  same  place  in  April,  1855,  with  forty  pupils. 
These  seven  months  with  those  of  the  winter  before  won  the  young 


Ih.s.    IIIOMAS  HII.I.IAMS  mc  KNKM,.    1.1-1). 


Mks.    AMKI.IA    ]>.    (itl.ANDlNC)    IIICKXKM. 


EDUCATION  IN  REHOBOTH  221 

teacher  much  local  fame,  and  visitors  flocked  from  far  and  near 
to  see  the  wheels  of  learning  spin.  Of  this  experience  he  writes: 
"My  pupils  were  my  companions  out  of  school  and  I  was  their 
playmate,  while  in  the  schoolroom  I  never  failed  to  receive  their 
unbounded  respect.*'  The  term  closed  in  June  with  an  exhibition 
in  the  town  hall.  The  following  year,  from  August,  1855,  to  Aug- 
ust, 1856,  Mr.  Bicknell  spent  in  the  West  and  taught  in  Elgin, 
Illinois.  But  in  September,  1856,  he  was  back  once  more  in  old 
Rehoboth  at  the  call  of  Mrs.  Deacon  Brown,  and  started  a  select 
school  in  the  Congregational  vestry  which  opened  with  fifty  pu- 
pils. The  tuition  was  from  three  to  six  dollars  for  a  twelve  weeks* 
term.  Pupils  of  all  grades  came  from  Rehoboth,  Dighton,  Norton, 
Swansea,  Seekonk,  East  Providence  and  other  towns.  The  ad- 
vanced students  took  Algebra,  Geometry,  Book-keeping,  Latin 
and  Greek  with  the  usual  etceteras  of  a  high-school.  As  there 
were  numerous  classes,  Mr.  Bicknell  was  assisted  by  Simeon  Hunt 
(later  a  physician)  and  Amelia  D.  Blanding.  Special  literary 
exercises  were  held  every  Friday,  and  a  paper  edited  by  the  pupils 
was  read.  The  interest  was  universal  and  there  was  talk  of  erect- 
ing a  High-school  building  if  Mr.  Bicknell  would  promise  to  stay. 

No  sooner  was  this  term  ended  than  he  was  engaged  to  teach 
for  the  third  time,  the  winter  term  in  the  "Old  Red,"  which  was 
filled  to  overflowing.  After  four  months  here,  he  went  directly 
to  the  Congregational  vestry  again  and  l)egan  another  select 
school  with  advanced  studies.  This  was  in  April,  1857.  He 
taught  this  term  of  twelve  weeks  and  another  in  the  autumn  of 
sixteen  weeks,  when  the  number  of  pupils  reached  seventy-three. 
Fifteen  of  them  had  been  teachers,  and  they  made  the  school  earn- 
est, eflScient  and  successful.  "We  all  lived,  worked  and  loved  as 
a  family  of  brothers  and  sisters.  On  the  playground  as  in  the 
schoolroom  each  recognized  his  place  and  relation  and  sought  the 
individual  in  the  common  good." 

At  a  great  public  exhibition  in  the  meeting-house,  which  closed  his 
labors  in  Rehoboth,  Mr.  Bicknell  was  presented  by  his  pupils  with 
a  beautiful  quarto  Bible  in  an  eloquent  speech  by  Edward  P.Brown. 

Mr.  Bicknell's  work  in  the  Rehoboth  schools  covers,  all  told, 
two  full  years  of  fifty  week  seach,  a  period  never  to  be  forgotten  by 
those  who  shared  its  privileges.  He  left  to  complete  at  Brown  Uni- 
versity the  course  which  he  had  begun  at  Amherst  College  in  1853. 

After  this  the  High  School  was  continued  at  Rehoboth  Village 


222  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

for  a  time,  taught  by  Edwin  Greene  and  Randall  White,  both 
from  Thetford  Academy,  Vt.,  who  were  followed  by  Ebeneser 
Cay  and  others;  but  the  climax  had  been  reached,  the  number 
fell  off  and  the  interest  waned. 

Some  of  the  more  prominent  of  Mr.  Bicknell's  pupils,  in  ad- 
dition to  those  already  named,  were  Darius  and  Lyman  Goff  of 
Pawtucket,  distinguished  in  the  business  world,  Frank  M.  Bird, 
prominent  citizen  of  Canton.  Several  were  in  the  Civil  War, — 
Francis  A.  Bliss,  Quartermaster-Sergeant;  Edward  P.  Brown, 
promoted  to  the  rank  of  Major,  James  P.  Brown,  and  Howard 
Drown,  both  killed  in  battle.  Mark  O.  Wheaton  served  through 
the  war,  as  did  William  H.  Luther,  Sergeant,  also  for  many  years 
town  clerk;  Charles  Perry,  representative  to  the  Massachusetts 
General  Court;  Maria  Lewis  (Mrs.  Man(*hester),  organizer  and 
leader  of  reforms  in  Providence,  R.L;  Elizal)eth  B.  Pierce,  queen 
among  teachers,  and  other  successful  teacrhers  as  well  as  men  of 
affairs  in  various  communities.  One  result  of  this  educational 
awakening  was  that  several  young  men  went  to  study  at  the  Thet- 
ford Academy,  Vermont,  under  the  instruction  of  Dr.  Hiram  Or- 
cutt,  a  noted  educator.  These  were:  Francis  A.  Bliss,  William 
H.  Luther,  William  Cole,  Stephen  Moulton,  Otis  Horton,  and  EJd- 
ward  P.  Brown. 

The  Conbgudatign  Experiment 

In  projecting  the  first  Antiquarian  Hall  in  1885,  Mr.  Tilton,  at 
that  time  chairman  of  the  School  Conunittee,  cherished  the  idea 
that  better  privileges  might  be  given  the  children  of  the  near-by 
districts  by  bringing  them  together  into  a  central  school  better 
equipped  and  graded.  To  this  end  the  building  was  planne<l  to 
include  a  large  schoolroom  with  a  recitation  room  o])ening  out 
of  it  on  one  side  and  the  Blanding  library  on  the  other.  These 
schoolrooms  were  well  ventilated  and  ec|uipped  with  modern 
furnishings,  —  desks,  blackboards,  maps,  etc.,  and  first-class  teach- 
ers placed  in  charge. 

Arrangements  were  perfected  to  take  the  children  to  and  fro 
each  day  in  safety  and  comfort.  Mr.  P.  K.  Wilmarth  purchased 
an  ample  barge  for  his  neighborhood,  which  he  drove  himself  and 
took  much  pains  to  promote  the  enterprise;  others  co-operated, 
and  the  children  of  four  districts  were  brought  together:  those  of 
the  Village,  the  Annawan,  the  Blanding,  and  the  Bliss  districts. 


EDUCATION  IN  REHOBOTH  223 

The  term  began  in  Septx?nihcr,  1885,  with  Miss  E.  B.  Pierce  as 
principal  and  Miss  Laura  A.  Hardy,  assistant.  The  following  or 
winter  term,  1885-6  was  taught  by  Mr.  John  Barrett,  now  Direc- 
tor-General of  the  Pan-American  Union  at  Washington,  D.C.  The 
plan  was  working  well  and  there  was  every  reason  to  expect  suc- 
cess —  except  one  —  the  people  as  a  whole  were  not  ready  for  the 
change.  They  preferred  to  have  their  children  gathered  in  the 
small  schoolhouses  of  their  own  neighborhood,  and  some  admitted 
that  they  wanted  their  share  of  the  school  money  spent  within 
the  districts,  thus  giving  employment  to  young  teachers  and  saving 
tlie  board  and  wood  money  to  the  district.  Petitions  were  cir- 
culated to  return  to  the  old  way.  The  Committee  and  the  friends 
of  the  movement  still  hoped  to  stem  the  opposition,  but  the  matter 
was  made  an  issue  in  the  election  of  a  new  School  Committee, 
and  Mr.  Tilton  was  retired,  eighty-nine  to  seventy-eight,  March 
1,  1880,  and  the  old  order  wjis  resumed. 

A  convincing  view  of  the  "Central  School,"  as  it  was  designated, 
including  teachers  and  pupils  standing  in  front  of  the  hall,  may 
be  seen  on  another  page.  The  friends  of  the  movement,  loth  to 
turn  back,  maintained  a  private  school  at  the  hall  for  a  number  of 
years.  Thirty  years  have  passed  and  the  plan  thus  contravened 
has  elsewhere  proved  its  excellence.  Desiring  to  honor  the  teach- 
ers of  Rchoboth,  past  and  present,  we  have  introduced  the  names 
and  faces  of  a  goodly  number  in  this  history.* 

Here  may  be  mentioned  an  enterprise  of  some  educational 
value  and  in  many  ways  a  help  to  the  communal  life  of  the  town, — 
the  establishment  of  the  Rehohoth  Townsmutij  an  eight-page 
weekly  paper  published  by  Perry  and  Barnes  of  North  Attle- 
borough.  There  were  several  correspondents  representing  different 
parLs  of  the  town,  who  sent  their  news  items  each  week.  The 
first  issue  was  Saturday,  Dec.  5,  1885,  and  the  last,  July  28,  1894, 
covering  a  period  of  eight  years  and  seven  months.  The  paper 
was  discontinued  for  lack  of  pecuniary  support.  There  is  extant 
a  complete  file  of  the  Tovnsman  preserved  by  Mrs.  Paschal  E. 
Wilmarth  of  Rchoboth. 

The  Rehoboth  Institute  for  mutual  improvement  was  formed 
Nov.  19,  1846:  President,  Jonathan  Wheaton;  Secretary,  John 
C.  Marvel.    Meetings  were  held  on  Thursday  evenings,  sometimes 

^  Three  groups  with  seventeen  teachers  in  each  group. 


224  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

in  the  school-houses.    Rev.  John  C.  Paine  took  a  prominent  part 
in  the  debates.    Number  of  members  thirty-eight. 

The  Rehouoth  Lyceum  AssociATiONr  was  organized  in  the 
Congregational  vestry,  Dec.  20,  1882,  Rev.  George  H.  Tilton. 
President  and  C.  C.  Viall,  Secretary.  Meetings  were  held  Friday 
evenings,  with  debates,  singing  and  readings.  Practical  questions 
were  discussed  relating  to  Woman  Suffrage,  Prohibition,  the  In- 
dians, etc.  Among  the  leading  debaters  were  John  C.  Marvel, 
William  H.  Luther,  George  H.  Tilton,  Thomas  R.  Salsbury  and 
Charles  Perry.  Among  the  singers  were  C.  C.  Viall,  Edward 
Medbury,  Charles  Perry,  Nathan  Bowen,  Mary  B.  Goff,  Angie 
(Bliss)  Goff,  Hannah  (Patten)  Goff,  and  Clarissa  Barnaby,  reader. 


£ 

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Flos.  JOHN   COTTON   MAFtVKI. 
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CHAPTER  VIII 
TEACHERS  OF  REHOBOTH^ 

Group  I 

1.  Maria  Baker  (Rounds)  Graves,  daughter  of  Joshua  and 
Mary  Ann  (Baker)  Rounds,  was  born  March  23,  1856,  in  Swan- 
sea, Mass.  Educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Swansea  and 
Warren  High  School.  Taught  in  Rehoboth  from  1873  to  1888,  in 
the  Long  Hill,  Hornbine,  and  Harris  Schools.  Married  Aug.  3, 
1886,  Zephaniah  Waldo,  son  of  Zephaniah  and  Anna  A.  Graves. 

Has  two  children:  Jennie  Louise  and  Grace  May. 

2.  Alice  Augusta  Goff,  daughter  of  George  Nelson  and 
Julia  Bishop  (Horton)  Goff,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  Aug.  19, 
1866.  Educated  in  the  Rehoboth  public  schools  and  graduated 
from  the  Providence  High  School  with  the  class  of  1886.  Took  a 
course  at  Providence  in  kindergarten  work.  Taught  in  the  Stevens, 
Wheeler,  Peck,  Blanding,  and  Village  Schools  of  Rehoboth,  from 
1886  to  1913.  Also  wrote  in  Registry  of  Deeds  in  Taunton  for 
several  years.    Died  Dec.  9,  1913. 

3.  Cleora  M.  (Perry)  Bliss,  daughter  of  Ira  and  Emily  (Reed) 
Perry,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  Sept.  24,  1857.  Educated  in  the 
public  schools  and  Bridgewater  Normal  School,  graduating  from 
the  latter  in  the  class  of  1876.  Taught  the  Harris,  Stevens  and 
Perry  Schools  in  Rehoboth,  and  also  taught  in  Attleborough. 
Period  of  teaching  from  September,  1875,  to  March,  1883. 
Married  James  Walter,  son  of  George  W.  and  Betsey  (Bo wen) 
Bliss,  April  19,  1883.    Died  Oct.  18,  1916. 

Three  children:  Richard,  Mildred  E.  and  Warren. 

4.  Virginia  Adelaide  Bowen,  daughter  of  Reuben  and  Sarah 
(George)  Bo  wen,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  April  23, 1860.  Educated 
in  the  public  schools  and  East  Greenwich  Academy,  Rhode 
Island.  Taught  the  Bliss  School  from  1880  to  1882.  Mar- 
ried March  2,  1882,  Oscar  Edward,  son  of  Osborn  and  Harriet 
(Seagraves)  Perry,  all  of  Rehoboth. 

Children:  Edward  Bowen,  Oscar  Seagraves,  Ernest  George, 
Ralph  Osborn,  Robert  Seagraves,  Clara  Adelaide,  Frederick 
Nichols,  and  Harriet  Ellen. 

5.  Ellen  Maria  (Bowen)  Marsh,  daughter  of  Reuben  and 
Sarah  (George)  Bowen,  was  born  in  Rehoboth  April  11,  1843. 
Educated  in  the  public  schools  and  the  Bicknell  High  School. 
Graduated  from  Day's  Academy  in  Wrentham  in  1860.    Taught 

^The  serial  numbers  here  correspond  to  the  numbers  of  the  portraits  in  each 
group. 

LttS) 
15 


226  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

the  Bliss  and  Annawan  Schools  in  Rehoboth  from  1860  to  1863. 
Married,  July  27»  187 1»  George  W.  Marsh  of  Providence,  R.I. 

6.  Angeunb  Shepherdson  (Bliss)  Goff»  daughter  of  George 
Ellis  and  Ann  M.  (Walker)  Bliss,  was  bom  in  Rehoboth  O^ 
30,  1843.  Ekiucated  in  the  public  schools  and  the  Bicknell  Hi^^ 
School.  Taught  nine  years  in  the  Rehoboth  Schools.  Married 
June  17,  1868,  Henry  Childs  Goff,  son  of  George  E.  and  Maria 
(Goff)  Goff. 

7.  Deught  Carpenter  (Reed)  MacNbil,  daughter  of  Gut- 
tavus  and  Electa  (Miller)  Reed,  was  bom  Feb.  14,  1856,  in  Reho- 
both. Educated  in  the  Rehoboth  schools  and  also  received  private 
instruction.  Taught  thirty-five  years,  beginning  in  1874,  and  re- 
signing in  1909.  Taught  the  Horton  and  Harris  Schools,  con- 
tinuing in  the  latter  for  twenty-five  years.  Married,  May  2, 191 1» 
Thomas,  son  of  James  MacNeil. 

8.  Harriet  Ameua  (Horton)  Carpenter,  daughter  of  Tamer- 
line  and  Amanda  (Walker)  Horton,  was  bom  in  Uehoboth,  Dec. 
29,  1839.  Mrs  Carpenter  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of 
her  native  town  and  attended  every  term  of  the  private  school 
taught  by  Thomas  W.  Bicknell.  She  taught  the  Blanding,  An- 
nawan, and  Oak  Swamp  Schools  in  town,  and  also  taught  in  Dif^h- 
ton.  Married  James  Perry  Carpenter,  son  of  Nathan  and  Mina 
(Perry)  Carpenter,  Aug.  14,  1862. 

Children:  Louis  Francis,  Flora  Amanda,  Clara  Amelia,  and 
George  William. 

9.  EuzABETH  Besayade  Pierce.  (See  sketch  in  Biographical 
chapter.) 

10.  Euzabeth  Martin  (Carpenter)  Goff,  daughter  of  Dewitt 
Clinton  Carpenter  and  Vasliti  (Carpenter)  Carpenter,  was  bom  in 
Rehoboth  Oct.  14,  1863.  Educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Reho- 
both. Taught  the  Willis  and  Blanding  Schools  in  town  from  1883 
to  1890.  Also  taught  in  Scekonk.  Married,  May  1,  1890,  Albert 
Carpenter  Goff,  son  of  George  Nelson  and  Julia  Bbhop  (Horton) 
Goff. 

Children:  Clinton  Nelson,  Annie  Carpenter,  Eleanor  Elizabeth, 
and  Royal  Bishop. 

11.  Mary  Bullock  Goff,  daughter  of  Otis  and  Cynthia 
(Smith)  Goff,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  Aug.  9,  1843.  Educated  in 
the  Rehoboth  Schools  and  attended  every  term  of  the  Bicknell 
High  School.  Taught  from  1861  to  1885,  mostly  in  the  public 
schools  of  Rehoboth,  including  the  Village  School,  in  district 
number  7.  Was  organist  in  the  Village  Church  for  more  than 
forty  years.  Was  a  good  singer  and  very  helpful  in  the  choir. 
She  traveled  abroad  extensively  with  her  cousin,  Mrs.  Sarah 
Steele.     Died  June  6,  1915. 


KEIKHIOTIl  TKACtlKltS.     (ir»<t|<  1 


ClIiirSTOl'HElt  C.   VIAl-I, 
Svboul  Cunimillec 


THE  TEACHERS  OF  REHOBOTH       227 

12.  Amanda  Maria  (Horton)  Brown,  daughter  of  Tamerline 
and  Amanda  (Walker)  Horton,  was  bom  in  Rehoboth,  July  24, 
1837.  Educated  in  the  Rehoboth  schools  and  attended  every  term 
of  the  Bicknell  High  School.  Taught  several  terms  in  the  Long 
HiU  Scliool,  and  also  in  Dighton.  Married  July  12,  1860,  Arnold 
DeForest  Brown,  son  of  Eleazer  and  Charlotte  Wright  (Peck) 
Brown. 

Children:  Walter  DeForest  and  Cora. 

13.  Amelia  Anna  (Horton)  Carpenter,  daughter  of  Greorce 
Henry  and  Charlotte  Anna  (Goff)  Horton,  was  born  in  Rehobom» 
Aug.  18,  1872.  Was  educated  in  the  public  schools  and  the 
Providence  Normal  School.  Began  teaching  in  1890.  Taught 
in  the  Hornbine,  Wheeler,  and  Village  Schools,  also  in  See- 
konk.  Married  Oct.  27,  1898,  Edwin  Stanton  Carpenter,  son 
of  Thomas  Williams  and  Mary  W.  (Seagraves)  Carpenter. 

One  son,  Earle  Stanton  Carpenter,  born  Dec.  26,  1902. 

14.  Clara  George  (Boweu)  Viall,  daughter  of  Reuben  and 
Sarah  (George)  Bowen,  was  born  in  Rehoboth  Feb.  28,  1855. 
Educated  in  the  Rehoboth  schools  and  at  the  Mount  Pleasant 
Academy  in  Providence,  R.I.  Taught  from  1876  to  1881,  in  the 
BlLss,  Peck,  and  Annawan  Schools.  Married,  April  14,  1881, 
Christopher  Carpenter,  son  of  Samuel  and  Mary  A.  (Kent)  Viall. 

Children:  Annie  George,  and  Mary  Adelaide. 

15.  Sarah  Murray  (Blanding)  Bowen,  daughter  of  James  and 
Elizabeth  (Carpenter)  Blanding,  was  born  in  Rehoboth  June  21, 
1827.  Educated  in  the  Blanding  School,  public  and  private. 
Taught  in  Swansea.  Married,  Feb.  23,  1865,  Reuben,  son  of 
Epliraim  and  Rhoda  (Bates)  Bowen.    Died  Dec.  31,  1911. 

Children:  William  Blanding,  Elizabeth  Carpenter,  Murray 
James,  and  Susan  Augusta. 

16.  Catherine  Walton  (Bowen)  Earle,  daughter  of  Reuben 
and  Sarah  (George)  Bowen,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  March  24, 
1850.  Educated  in  the  Rehoboth  Schools  and  the  Bridgewater 
Normal  School.  Taught  from  1870  to  1877  in  the  Long  Hill  and 
Village  Schools,  and  in  Seekonk.  Married,  June  15,  1875,  Joseph 
Franklin  Earle,  son  of  John  and  Rebecca  (Horton)  Earle. 

Children:  Edward  Franklin,  Howard  Walton,  Nellie  Maria, 
and  John  William. 

17.  Flora  Amanda  (Carpenter))McKECHNiE,  daughter  of  James 
P.  and  Harriet  A.  (Horton)  Carpenter,  was  born  in  Rehoboth, 
Jan.  7,  1866.  Attended  the  Blanding  School,  taught  by  Elizabeth 
B.  Pierce,  who  was  her  only  teacher.  Taught  from  1884  to  1896 
in  the  Oak  Swamp,  Palmer's  River,  and  Willis  Schools.  Married 
Dougald  McKechnie,  Dec.  29,  1898. 


228  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Group  II. 

1.  Hannah  S.  (Horton)  Fisher,  daughter  of  Henry  Slade  and 
Arabella  (Simmons)  Horton,  was  bom  in  Rehoboth  in  1842.  Ed- 
ucated in  the  public  schools  of  Rehoboth  and  taught  in  the  An- 
nawan  School,  also  several  years  in  Attleborough.  Married. 
June  10,  1877,  John,  son  of  Emulous  and  Cordelia  Fisher  of  At- 
tleborough. 

Twin  children:  Gertrude  and  Grace. 

2.  Martha  Smith  (Nash)  Bowbn,  daughter  of  Daniel  and 
Amanda  (Goff)  Nash,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  March  13,  1832. 
Taught  several  years  in  Rehoboth,  in  the  Bliss,  Peck,  Willis, 
and  other  schools.  Was  chosen  on  the  School  Committee,  March, 
1880,  and  held  the  office  two  years  when  she  moved  to  Seekonk, 
where  she  died  in  1895.  Mrs.  Bowen  was  much  interested  in 
education,  a  great  reader,  and  in  many  ways  a  superior  woman. 
Married  Nelson,  son  of  Palman  and  Mary  Bowen  of  Seekonk. 

3.  Ethel  Louise  Horton,  daughter  of  Josephus  Wheaton  and 
Mary  Emeline  (Bosworth)  Horton,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  July 
23,  1883.  Educated  in  the  Rehoboth  schools,  the  Taunton  High 
School,  and  the  Hyannis  Normal  School.  Taught  the  Palmer's 
River  School  four  years,  beginning  in  1902,  during  which  time 
the  new  school-house  was  built.  Has  since  taught  in  the  Oak 
Swamp  School. 

4.  Martha  Evelyn  Dean,  daughter  of  Benjamin  and  Polly 
French  (Cole)  Dean,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  July  23,  1849.  Ed- 
ucated in  the  Rehoboth  schools  and  attended  the  East  Green- 
wich Academy,  Rhode  Island.  Taught  many  years  in  the  Stevens, 
Bliss,  Willis,  Wheeler,  Peck,  Village,  Annawan,  Oak  Swamp,  and 
Palmer's  River  Schools,  also  in  Attleborough,  Seekonk,  and  West 
Mansfield. 

5.  Alma  Evelyn  (Smith)  Lewis,  daughter  of  Remember  and 
Sarah  Bliss  (Carpenter)  Smith,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  June  20, 
1854.  Educated  in  the  Rehoboth  schools  and  attended  Bristol 
Academy  in  Taunton.  Taught  from  1874  to  1886,  the  Wheeler, 
Long  Hill,  Annawan,  Stevens  and  Perry  Schools.  Married,  April 
13,  1884,  Albert  R.,  son  of  William  and  Mary  (Cole)  Lewis. 

One  son:  Maynard  Carpenter  l^ewis. 

G.  Lephe  Jane  (Peck)  Moorhouse,  daughter  of  Royal  Car- 
penter and  Ix)is  M.  (Drown)  Peck,  was  born  in  Rehol)otli,  Sept. 
26,  1885.  Educated  in  the  Reho))oth  schools  and  attended  Bris- 
tol Academy  in  Taunton.  Taught  the  Bliss,  Wheeler,  Long  Hill, 
and  Horton  Schools.  Married,  Oct.  16,  1887,  John,  son  of  James 
and  Mary  Moorhouse. 

Children :  Lephe  Matilda  and  Lois  Jane. 

7.  Martha   Adaline   Cole,   daughter   of  Danforth  L.  and 


ItKHUItUTII  TEACHEltS.     Group  11 


ciiAitms  I'tirtitv 


THE  TEACHERS  OF  REHOBOTH       229 

Adaline  (Tallman)  Cole,  was  born  in  Providence,  R.I.  Educated 
in  the  public  schools  of  Providence,  graduating  from  the  High 
School  with  the  class  of  1890.  Came  to  Rehoboth  to  live  in  1908 
and  becan  teaching  the  Bliss  School  in  1909,  which  position  she 
still  holds. 

8.  Harriet  Emma  (Perry)  Rounds,  daughter  of  Osborn  and 
Harriet  (Seagraves)  Perry,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  Nov.  30,  1864. 
Attended  the  Rehoboth  schools,  the  Pawtucket  Grammar  School 
and  graduated  from  the  Providence  Normal  School  with  the  class 
of  1874.  Taught  the  Bliss  and  Stevens  Schools  in  Rehoboth 
from  1874  to  1878.  Married,  Nov.  16,  1880,  Eugene  B.,  son  of 
Joseph  and  Elizabeth  A.  (Carey)  Rounds. 

Children:  Hattie  A.,  Edith  and  Ethel  (twins),  Elizabeth,  Ger- 
trude and  Dorothea. 

9.  Frances  Maria  (Carpenter)  Buss,  daughter  of  Ira  and 
Mary  Ann  (Hall)  Carpenter,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  Nov.  16, 
1840.  Educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Rehoboth,  the  Bicknell 
High  School,  also  the  High  School  in  Fall  River.  Taught  in  the 
Perry,  Harris  and  Stevens  Schools  from  1860  to  1864.  Also 
taught  in  East  Providence  and  Seekonk.  Married,  Dec.  24,  1867, 
Francis  Abiah,  son  of  Abiah  and  Julia  Ann  (Sturtevant)  Bliss. 
Died  Aug.  27,  1914. 

Children:  Albert  Abiah,  Martha  Bird,  Adeline  Hall,  Mary 
Carpenter,  Thomas  Kent,  and  Charles  Sturtevant. 

10.  Sara  Maria  Cusiiing,  daughter  of  Edwin  F.  and  Sara 
Bradford  (Medbury)  Cushing,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  March  14, 
1858.  Educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Rehoboth.  Taught  the 
Willis  School  from  1876  to  1882.  Married,  Oct.  13,  1882,  Samuel 
M.,  son  of  William  and  Laura  J.  Atkinson  of  Providence,  R.I. 

Children:  Mabel  Laura  and  Emma  Bradford. 

11.  Harriet  Amelia  (Carpenter)  Reed,  daughter  of  Thomas 
Williams  and  Mary  Walker  (Seagraves)  Carpenter,  was  born  in 
Rehoboth,  Aug.  25,  1856.  Educated  in  the  Rehoboth  schools  and 
the  Pawtucket  High  School.  Taught  the  I/ong  Hill,  Oak  Swanp» 
Horton,  Peck,  and  Bliss  Schools  from  1873  to  1879.  Married, 
Jan.  6,  1880,  Almon  Augustus,  son  of  Dea.  Gustavus  and  Electa 
(Miller)  Reed.    Died  March  22,  1910. 

Children:  Annie  Brown,  Marion  Carpenter,  John  Leonard, 
Almon  Augustus,  Helen  Electa,  Mary  Delight  and  Amelia. 

12.  Martha  Bird  Bliss,  daughter  of  Francis  Abiah  and  Frances 
(Carpenter)  Bliss,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  Aug.  28, 1871.  Educated 
in  the  Rehoboth  schools  and  the  High  School  in  Scranton,  Penn. 
Taught  three  years  in  the  Bliss  School,  beginning  in  1891,  two 
years  at  the  Dorchester  Academy,  Mcintosh,  Georgia,  and  in  the 
Perry  School  in  Rehoboth  until  1909,  when  she  resigned  to  care 
for  her  aged  parents. 


230  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

13.  Bessie  Ambua  (Carpenter)  Carraher»  daughter  of  Ira 
Winsor  and  Mary  T.  (Goff)  Carpenter,  was  bom  at  Uie  Car- 
penter homestead  on  the  Bay  State  Road  in  Rehoboth,  Feb.  16» 
1882.  Educated  in  the  Rehoboth  schools  and  attended  the  Bristol 
Academy  from  1897  to  1899.  Taught  the  Wheeler,  Hombine, 
and  Annawan  Schools  from  March  1900  to  March  1907.  Married, 
March  19,  1907,  James  Thomas,  son  of  Michael  and  Katherine 
(Smith)  Carraher. 

14.  Charlotte  Catherine  (Carruthers)  Thatcher,  daughter 
of  Alexander  and  Sophie  (Schultz)  Carruthers,  was  bom  in  Re- 
hoboth, June  26,  1886.  Educated  in  the  Rehoboth  schools  and 
received  private  instruction  from  her  mother.  Taught  the  Oak 
Swamp  and  Horton  Schools  from  1904  to  1906.  Married,  June  27, 
1906,  Frank,  son  of  William  H.  and  Ella  (Horton)  Thatcher. 

Two  children:  Anthony  Carruthers  and  Elizabeth  May. 

15.  Lydia  Jane  (Luther)  Peck,  daughter  of  Rhodolphus  and 
Lephe  (Goff)  Luther,  was  bom  in  Rehoboth,  Nov.  30,  1836.  Ed- 
ucated in  the  public  schools  of  Rehoboth  and  attended  every  term 
of  the  Bickneli  High  School.  Taught  the  Horton  School  two  terms 
in  1856  and  also  taught  in  Seekonk.  Married,  Jan.  1,  1858,  Gus- 
tavus  Brutus,  son  of  Cyrus  and  Rebecca  (Sherman)  Peck. 

One  child:  Ella  Rebecca  Peck. 

16.  Ellen  Frances  (Dean)  Wilmarth,  daughter  of  Benjamin 
and  Polly  French  (Cole)  Dean,  was  born  in  liehoboth,  Jan.  2, 
1843.  Educated  in  the  public  and  private  schools  of  her  native 
town.  Taught  the  Willis  School  in  1860  and  1861.  Also  Uusht 
in  Dighton.  Married,  May  1,  1862,  Paschal  Elery,  son  of  Paschal 
E.  and  Abigail  Maria  (Day)  Wilmarth. 

Children:  Abbie  M.,  Wilson  Elery,  Agustus  Day,  and  Grace 
May. 

17.  Abbie  (Wilmarth)  Marvel,  daughter  of  Paschal  Elery 
and  Ellen  F.  (Dean)  Wilmarth,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  April  11, 
1865.  Was  a  pupil  of  Elizabeth  B.  Pierce  for  eleven  years,  and  at 
the  Bristol  Academy  in  Taunton  one  year.  Has  the  record  of 
being  neither  absent  nor  tardy  for  ten  successive  years.  Taught 
the  Blanding,  Willis,  Annawan,  Village,  Oak  Swamp,  Wheeler, 
Long  Hill,  and  Ilornbine  Schools.  Married,  Nov.  28,  1899,  John 
F.,  son  of  John  C.  and  Frances  A.  (Peck)  Marvel. 

One  child:  Ruth  Wilmarth  Marvel. 

Group  III 

1.  Mary  A.  (Remington)  Blanding  was  the  daughter  of  Oliver 
and  Electa  Ann  (Bosworth)  Remington;  was  born  in  Providence, 
R.I.,  Aug.  20,  1828,  and  died  there  Nov.  25,  1905.  She  taught  in 
the  Horton  School,  district  number  9,  in  1845.  She  was  married 
to  William  Bullock  Blanding  in  Providence,  Nov.  13,  1851,  by 


KKIIOIHITll  TBACHEKS.    Group  III 


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lll-:iIC)lt(>'l'll    Ml.l.ACK 


THE  TEACHERS  OF  REHOBOTH       231 

Rev.  Henry  Waterman,  Rector  of  St.  Stephen's  Church.  She  had 
one  son»  William  Oliver  Blanding,  who  nas  four  sons  and  three 
grandsons. 

2.  Mary  Walker  (Seagraves)  Carpenter,  daughter  of  Rev. 
Edward  and  Harriet  (Walker)  Seagraves,  was  born  in  Scituate, 
Mass.,  March  31,  1831.  Educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Prov- 
idence, R.I.,  and  the  Golden  Rule  Institute  in  Lansingburg,  N.Y. 
Taught  the  Bliss  and  Annawan  Schools  in  Rehoboth  from  1851 
to  1853.  Married  Thomas  Williams,  son  of  Asaph  and  Caroline 
(Carpenter)  Carpenter,  Sept.  11,  1853.    She  died  July  7,  1907. 

Children:  Mary  Ella,  Harriet  Amelia,  Frederick  Williams* 
Cynthia  Anna,  Chloe  Remington,  Thomas  Newton,  William  Sea- 
graves,  Lillian  Borden,  and  Edwin  Stanton. 

3.  Marion  Carpenter  (Reed)  Goff,  daughter  of  Almon  Augus- 
tus and  Harriet  Amelia  (Carpenter)  Reed,  was  born  in  Rehoboth, 
Aug.  9,  1887.  Educated  in  the  Rehoboth  public  schools  and  State 
Normal  School  at  Rhode  Island.  Taught  the  Oak  Swamp  School 
from  spring,  1904,  to  June,  1906.  Also  taught  in  Swansea.  Mar- 
ried Clifford  Arnold  Goff,  son  of  Charles  Warren  and  Ella  Brad- 
ford (Nichols)  Goff,  Jan.  28,  1909. 

4.  Caroline  Frances  (Martin)  Wilbur,  was  born  in  Swansea, 
Mass.,  Sept.  30, 1832.  She  was  the  daughter  of  Darius  and  Ardelia 
S.  (Cornell)  Martin  of  Swansea.  Taught  her  first  school  in  the 
Horton  District  of  Rehoboth  in  1848-9,  receiving  $1.75  per  week 
and  **boarded  round."  She  married  Dr.  Leonidas  F.  Wubur  and 
moved  to  Honeoye,  N.Y.,  where  she  still  lives  in  her  85th  year. 

Of  her  five  children,  four  lived  to  maturity:  Clarence,  Nellie* 
Maud  and  llollis.  Clarence  was  a  missionary  in  Central  America. 
HolHs  is  National  Chairman  of  the  Y.M.C.A.,  at  Shanghai,  China. 

5.  WiLUAM  L.  Pierce,  son  of  Jabcz  and  Abby  (Harlow)  Pierce, 
was  born  in  Rehoboth,  Aug.  23,  1837.  Educated  in  the  public 
schools  of  Rehoboth  and  Pierce  Academy  at  Middleboro,  Mass. 
He  taught  the  Hornbine,  Horton,  and  Village  Schools  in  Reho- 
both, also  taught  in  Somerset  and  Swansea.  He  married  Sarah 
E.  Wright,  April  11,  1861,  in  Swansea.  He  was  on  the  School 
Committee  in  Rehoboth  twenty-one  years,  which  office  he  held  at 
the  time  of  his  death,  Aug.  16,  1885. 

Three  children:  John  W.,  Charles  L.,  and  Addie. 

0.  John  W.  Pierce.     (See  Biographical  Chapter.) 

7.  Polly  French  (Cole)  Dean,  daughter  of  Nathan  and  Polly 
(French)  Cole,  was  born  in  Attleborough,  Mass.,  March  30,  1813. 
Educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Pawtucket,  R.I.,  and  attended 
the  Seminary  at  Warren,  R.I.,  one  year.  Taught  the  Perry, 
Bliss,  Hornbine,  Peck,  and  Stevens  Schools  in  Rehoboth.    Mar- 


232  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

ried  Benjamin,  son  of  Abijah  and  Polly  (Rounds)  Dean»  Jan. 
1,  1841.    Died  June  17,  1896. 

Children:  Ellen  F.,  Emily  M.»  Benjamin  Warren,  Martha  E., 
Nathan  W.»  and  Anna  M. 

8.  Emily  Maria  (Dean)  Parmenter»  daughter  of  Benjamin 
and  Polly  F.  (Cole)  Dean»  was  bom  in  Rehoboth,  Feb.  15,  1844. 
Educated  in  the  public  schools.  Taught  the  Stevens  School 
1862-3,  also  in  Taunton  and  Attleborough,  Mass.  Married  Ed- 
ward D.»  son  of  Draper  and  Florilla  (Bliss)  Parmenter  of  Attle- 
borough,  Nov.  30,  1865.    Died  Feb.  15,  1886. 

Children:  Ma^  French,  Frederick  Warren,  Emma  Louise» 
Charles  Edward,  George  Dexter,  Florilla  Bliss,  Mabel  Emily. 

9.  John  Barrett,  diplomatist,  son  of  Charles  and  Caroline 
Sanford  Barrett,  was  born  Nov.  28,  1866,  at  Grafton,  Vt.  He 
graduated  from  the  Worcester  Academy  in  Massachusetts  in  1886» 
received  his  degree  of  A.B.  from  Dartmouth  College  in  1880,  and 
the  honorary  degree  of  LL.D.,  in  1899.  He  taught  in  the  GofF 
Memorial  building  in  Rehoboth  during  the  winter  of  1885-6,  and 
later  at  the  Hopkins  Academy  in  Oakland,  Cal.  Since  1907  he 
has  held  the  p)osition  of  Director-General  of  the  Pan-American 

'  Union,  having  its  headquarters  at  Washington,  D.C. 

10.  Julia  Maria  (Go(T)  Moulton,  daughter  of  Henry  B.  and 
Sally  Briggs  (Goff)  Goff,  was  born  in  Seekonk,  Aug.  1,  1841. 
Educated  in  tlie  public  schools  of  Seekonk.  Taught  the  Village 
School  in  1863.  Married  James  Francis  Moulton,  son  of  James 
and  Abigail  Whipple  (Carpenter)  Moulton,  April  7,  1864.  Mrs. 
Moulton  died  Nov.  2, 1909. 

Children:  Herbert  Elmer,  Lizzie  Frances,  James  Henry,  and 
Frank  Dexter. 

11.  Grace  (Darling)  Bowen,  daughter  of  David  Darius  and 
Hannah  (Jones)  Darling,  was  born  March  1,  1845,  at  Hartford » 
Conn.  Educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Attleborough  and 
graduated  from  its  High  School  with  the  class  of  1863.  Taught 
the  Wheeler  School  in  1871-2.  Married  in  1872,  William  Henry 
Bowen,  by  whom  she  had  one  daughter,  Emily  Bradford.  She  also 
had  a  daughter,  Hannah  Patten,  by  a  former  marriage. 

12.  Oscar  Edward  Perry,  son  of  Osborn  and  Harriet  (Sea- 
^aves)  Perry,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  Dec.  3,  1857.  Educated 
m  the  public  schools  and  Phillips  Academy,  and  graduated  from 
Harvard  College  with  the  class  of  1883.  Taught  the  Bliss  School 
in  1873.  Superintendent  of  the  Meter  Department  for  the  Nar- 
ragansett  Electric  Lighting  Co.,  of  Providence,  R.I.  Married 
Virginia  Adelaide,  daughter  of  Reuben  and  Sarah  (George)  Bowen, 
March  17,  1882. 

Children:    Edward  Bowen,  Oscar  Seagraves,  Ernest  George, 


THE  TEACHERS  OF  REHOBOTH       233 

Ralph   Osborn,   Robert   Seagraves,   Clara   Adelaide,   Frederick 
Nichols,  and  Harriet  Ellen. 

13.  Joseph  Allen  Carpenter,  son  of  Ira  Winsor  and  Mary  T. 
(Goff)  Carpenter,  was  born  on  the  home  place  in  Rehoboth,  March 
27,  1880.  Educated  in  the  Annawan  School,  Goff  Memorial  Hall, 
and  graduated  from  Taunton  High  School  with  the  class  of  1900. 
Taught  the  Stevens  School  in  1900-1.  Bookkeeper  for  the  Nar- 
ragansett  Milling  Co.  until  1914,  when  he  was  chosen  auditor. 

14.  Mary  Emeline  Carpenter  (Martin)  Horton,  daughter 
of  Edward  Irving  and  Sybil  (Haskins)  Martin,  was  born  April  3, 
1838,  in  Taunton,  Mass.  Educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Lowell, 
Mass.,  and  the  Bicknell  private  school  in  Rehoboth.  Tausht  the 
Peck,  Wheeler,  Long  Hill,  and  Annawan  Schools  in  Rehoboth 
from  1854  to  1861.  Married  Nathan  Bradford  Horton,  son  of 
Henry  Slade  and  Arabella  (Simmons)  Horton,  of  Rehoboth,  Dec. 
7,  1861.     Died  in  East  Providence,  April  22,  1888. 

Children:  Mary  Isabclle,  Edward  Henry,  Alice  Harriet,  and 
Herbert  Bradford. 

15.  Evelyn  Bradford  (Carpenter)  Mansfield,  daughter  of 
Ira  Winsor  and  Mary  Tiffany  (Goff)  Carpenter,  was  born  at  the 
Carpenter  homestead,  Jan.  23,  1871.  Educated  in  the  public 
schools  of  Rehoboth,  Bristol  Academy  of  Taunton,  and  attended 
the  school  in  Goff  Memorial  Hall.  Taught  the  Wheeler  and  Anna- 
wan Schools  from  1889  to  1899.  Also  taught  in  Seekonk,  Mass. 
Married  Lucius  Risley  Mansfield,  son  of  William  and  Augusta 
(Risley)  Mansfield,  Dec.  27,  1899. 

Children:  William  Noel,  Stanley  Carpenter,  Mary  Augusta, 
Robert  Risley,  and  Fanny  Bliss. 

16.  Elmie  Gardner  (Goff)  Fuller,  daughter  of  Bradford 
Gardner  and  Evelyn  Milton  (Goff)  Goff,  was  born  in  Rehoboth, 
May  9, 1872.  Educated  in  the  public  schools,  the  private  school 
in  Goff  Memorial  Hall,  and  Bristol  Academy  in  Taunton,  Mass. 
Taught  from  1889  to  1901  in  the  Oak  Swamp,  Horton,  Bliss,  Bland- 
ing  and  Long  Hill  Schools.  Married  Charles  Henry,  son  of  Noah 
and  Abby  (Horton)  Fuller,  Dec.  18,  1901. 

Children:  Charlotte  Bradford  and  Leonard  Goff  Fuller. 

17.  Hattie  Evelyn  (Goff)  Viall,  daughter  of  Bradford  Gard- 
ner and  Evelyn  Milton  (Goff)  Goff,  was  bom  in  Rehoboth,  Dec.  15, 
1881.  Educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Rehoboth  and  graduated 
from  the  Attleborough  High  School  with  the  class  of  1900.  Taught 
the  Hornbine  and  Long  Hill  Schools  from  fall  of  1900  to  winter 
of  1902.  Married  William  Carpenter  Viall,  son  of  Charles  F. 
and  Mary  Ella  (Carpenter)  Viall,  Dec.  10,  1902. 

Children:  Bradford,  Elizabeth,  Harriet,  Carlton,  and  Charles 
Carpenter. 


CHAPTER  IX 

REHOBOrH  ANTIQUARIAN  SCXJIETY 

In  calling  upon  the  families  of  his  parish,  Rev.  Geo.  H.  Tilton, 
pastor  of  the  Congregational  Church,  was  impressed  with  the  num- 
ber of  old  relics  he  saw  in  their  homes,  and  on  the  second  day  of 
January,  1884,  seeing  an  old  loom  at  Mr.  Geo.  N.  GofF's,  he  said 
to  Mrs.  GoflF,  "We  must  have  an  Antiquarian  Society."  He  at 
once  began  to  raise  money  for  a  building  in  shares  of  ten  dollars 
each.  On  reaching  $1,500,  Mr.  Darius  Goff  of  Pawtucket  was 
appealed  to  and  promised  a  like  amount  while  suggesting  further 
effort.  Thus  encouraged,  Mr.  Tilton  brought  the  pledges  up  to 
$4,000,  which  Mr.  Goff  promptly  duplicated. 

The  first  meeting  of  the  stockholders  was  held  in  the  vestry  of 
the  Congregational  Church,  March  5,  1884,  when  the  following 
communication  from  Mr.  Goff  was  presented  and  accepted: — 

"If  the  inhabitants  of  the  town  will  increase  their  subscription 
up  to  four  thousand  dollars,  I  will  raise  mine  up  to  the  same 
amount,  and  in  addition,  give  one  acre  of  land  to  erect  the  build- 
ing thereon,  the  location  of  which  shall  be  the  old  homestead  of 
my  father,  and  a  further  condition  that  five  gentlemen  shall  be 
elected  as  trustees,  one  for  five  years,  one  for  four  years,  one  for 
three  years,  one  for  two  years,  and  one  for  one  year,  who,  with  the 
president  and  secretary  of  the  society  shall  erect  said  building 
and  have  the  whole  care  and  management  of  the  property.  After 
one  year,  one  trustee  shall  be  elected  annually;  and  furthermore, 
I  reserve  the  right  to  name  three  of  the  five  trustees,  and  also  to 
approve  the  plan  of  the  building.  At  least  three  thousand  dollars 
of  the  four  thousand  subscribed  outside  of  mine,  shall  be  paid  into 
the  treasury  before  I  am  called  upon.  When  that  is  done  I  shall 
be  ready  to  pay  mine  in  full.  This  offer  will  hold  good  for  sixty 
days  from  date." 

At  this  meeting  the  following  officers  were  elected :  President, 
Rev.  George  H.  Tilton;  Vice-Presidents,  Esek  H.  Pierce  and  Fran- 
cis A.  Bliss;  Secretary,  Wm.  H.  Marvel;  Corresponding  Secre- 
tary, Rev.  Geo.  H.  Tilton;  Treasurer,  Wm.  W.  Blanding;  Trus- 
tees: for  five  years,  George  N.  GofI,  four  years,  Esek  H.  Pierce, 

(tS4| 


THE  REHOBOTH  ANTIQUARIAN  SOCIETY     235 

three  yeara.  Paschal  E.  Wilmartb,  two  years,  Charles  Perry,  one 
year,  George  II.  Horton, — the  last  three  named  by  Mr.  Goff.  By 
the  conatitution,  the  President  and  Secretary  are  made  trustees 
ex-officio,  thus  making  the  whole  board  of  trustees  to  consist  of 
seven  persons. 

This  society  was  incorporated  in  1885,  the  capital  stock  not  to 
exceed  $250,000,  to  be  divided  into  shares  of  ten  dollars  each. 


THE  OLD  GOPF INN 

It  was  decided  to  have  a  building  suitable  for  an  antiquRriao 
room,  hall,  school-room  and  library. 

I«tc  in  March  Mr.  Tilton  wrote  to  Hon.  Thomas  W.  Bicknell 
of  Boston,  informing  him  that  a  building  would  be  erected  with 
room  for  a  library  and  inviting  his  co-operation. 

Both  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Bicknell  became  deeply  interested  in  the 
undertaking  and  wrote  in  part  as  follows: — 

"We  believe  that  a  good  library  is  one  of  the  most  valuable 
means  of  education.  In  order,  therefore,  to  encourage  the  forma* 
tion  of  a  library  to  be  kept  in  the  Goff  Memorial,  we  will  donate 
five  hundred  dollars  to  tlie  trustees  of  the  Reht^th  Antiquarian 


236  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Society,  to  be  expended  by  them  in  the  selection  of  good  books» 
a  large  p)ortion  of  which,  let  us  suggest,  shall  be  chosen  with  special 
reference  to  the  wants  of  the  boys  and  girls,  the  young  people  of 
the  town.  We  sincerely  hope  that  others  may  contribute  more 
or  less  freely  to  this  nucleus  of  a  library,  and  that  the  annual 
supply  of  books  shall  keep  it  fresh  and  interesting  to  all  readers* 
so  that  the  gifts  may  be  a  constantly  increasing  blessing  to  all  who 
may  enjoy  their  benefits. 

"We  have  but  one  request  to  make  in  connection  with  our 
humble  gift,  which  we  leave  for  your  consideration  and  decision. 
The  name  of  Blanding  is  one  of  the  oldest  and  most  respectable 
of  this  ancient  town.  William  Blanding  was  a  contributor  to 
the  expenses  incurred  in  carrying  on  the  war  with  King  Philip 
of  Pokanoket,  and  for  more  than  two  hundred  years  the  name 
of  the  family  and  the  town  have  been  associated. 

"'In  view  of  these  facts,  and  that  the  name  may  be  kept  fresh  in 
the  minds  of  the  future  dwellers  of  Rehoboth,  yet  more  especially 
for  the  loving  affection  we  have  for  the  character  and  memory 
of  our  beloved  parents,  Christopher  and  Chloe  Blanding,  whose 
dust  sleeps  with  that  of  the  long  line  of  their  kindred  in  the  old 
church  burial  ground  on  the  hill  west  of  Rehoboth  Village,  we 
most  respectfully  suggest  that  the  permanent  name  of  the  library 
shall  be  The  Blanding  Public  Library  of  Rehoboth,  Mass." 

This  generous  offer  was  gratefully  accepted  by  the  Society  and 
the  Blanding  Library  was  o|>enc(l  to  the  public  Feb.  26,  1886» 
with  about  six  hundred  and  twenty-five  volumes. 

On  the  spot  selected  by  Mr.  G off  as  the  site  of  the  new  structure, 
the  Old  Goff  Inn  was  still  standing.  Here  Mr.  Goff  was  born  and 
the  land  upon  which  it  stood  had  been  in  the  Goff  family  for  a 
century  and  a  half.  The  picture  of  the  old  inn  on  another  page 
shows  that  additions  had  been  made  to  the  original  house,  which 
was  one  of  the  noted  Iiostelries  of  colonial  days.  It  was  torn 
down,  not  without  regret,  in  April,  1884,  and  in  Mny  ground 
was  broken  for  the  new  structure.  Owing  to  certain  legal  diflS- 
culties  the  work  was  delayed  until  fall,  when  the  cellar  was  con- 
structed. 

The  contract  was  signed  Sept.  8,  1884,  by  Lewis  T.  Hoar's 
Sons  of  Warren,  R.I.,  and  by  the  committee  on  contract,  G.  N. 
Goff,  Charles  Perry  and  Esek  H.  Pierce.    The  architects  were 


THE  l-lllST  GOFf  MBMOItlAL 
Dcdicalcl  May  II),  l.tlCi.     IJcslroycd  by  liglitniiiR  July  7.  I!U  I. 


THE  NEW  GOFF  MEMORIAL 
[)eiJi<-at«l  May  10.  1015. 


TllK  VMXAGI-:  FACTOllY.  1809-1898 


THE  REHOBOTH  ANTIQUARIAN  SOCIETY      237 

William  R.  Walker  &  Son,  of  Providence.  The  chief  dimensions 
of  the  building  were  38i  ft.  by  60i  ft.  On  the  first  floor  were 
the  school-room,  library,  and  antiquarian  room.  The  second 
floor  consisted  of  the  hall  which  was  amply  lighted,  and  very  at- 
tractive. 

On  its  walls  were  hung  portraits  of  Darius  GofT,  Rev.  Geo.  H. 
Tilton  and  others. 

The  building  was  practically  finished  in  the  fall  of  1885,  having 
cost  S  14,000.  On  the  front  of  the  tower  was  a  bronze  tablet  which 
bore  the  inscription, 

"GOFF  MEMORIAL,   1884." 

The  school-room  was  opened  for  a  public  school  in  the  autumn 
of  1885,  and  was  so  used  for  two  terms.  Afterwards  a  private 
school  was  taught  for  several  terms. 

The  antiquarian  room  in  the  northeast  corner  was  large  and 
attractive.  Much  time  and  labor  were  expended  on  this  depart- 
ment, especially  by  the  President,  Rev.  Geo.  II.  Tilton,  who  went 
from  house  to  house  soliciting  and  collecting  the  relics.  The 
Secretary,  Wm.  H.  Marvel,  and  the  custodian,  Wm.  H.  Luther 
(who  was  also  librarian),  were  effective  helpers.  Many  of  the  cit- 
izens took  a  deep  interest  in  the  growing  collection.  Only  a  few 
of  the  articles  donated  can  here  be  mentioned  for  lack  of  space, 
although  others  may  be  equally  deserving. 

1.  Samples  of  cloth  woven  at  the  Orleans  Mill  at  diiferent 
times  since  1828,  preserved  by  Dea.  Benj.  Peck. 

2.  One  sewing  machine,  made  in  Rehoboth  by  Wm.  A.  King. 

3.  One  banner,  carried  by  the  Rehoboth  Cold  Water  Army  in 
1840. 

4.  One  hose-pipe  that  belonged  to  the  first  and  last  fire-engine 
used  in  Rehoboth. 

5.  One  new  model  spinning  wheel,  made  by  Elder  Childs  Luther. 

6.  Patent  certificate  issued  by  James  Madison  to  Dexter  Wheel- 
er of  Rehoboth,  in  1811. 

7.  One  silk  banner  formerly  owned  by  the  Rehoboth  Total 
Abstinence  Society. 

8.  One  flint-lock  musket  used  by  Capt.  Stephen  Martin  in  the 
Dorr  Rebellion. 

9.  A  painting  of  Leonard  Bliss,  Jr.,  donated  by  Miss  Caroline 
M.  Carpenter. 


238  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

10.  Two  regimental  flags  and  one  adjutant's  record  book  of 
the  Ist  Regiment,  2d  Brigade,  5th  Division  of  the  Massachusetts 
Militia,  preserved  and  donated  by  Col.  Lyndal  Bowen. 

11.  One  certificate  of  membership  from  the  Eastern  Star  Lodge, 
No.  1,  of  Rehoboth,  to  Joseph  Bowen,  given  Oct.  16,  A.D.  1804. 

12.  '*Herald  of  (jospel  Liberty,''  first  religious  paper  printed  in 
the  United  States. 

13.  Musket,  captured  from  the  British  during  the  Revolution- 
ary War. 

14.  Lbt  of  soldiers  in  Lieut.  Brown's  Company,  in  Col.  Car- 
penter's regiment,  during  the  Revolution. 

15.  First  warrant  issued  from  the  Secretary  of  State  to  the 
selectmen  of  Rehoboth,  to  assess  a  state  tax. 

16.  The  Charter  granted  by  Charles  11  to  the  Governor  of  the 
Colony  of  Rhode  Island,  in  1704. 

17.  Fac-simile  of  the  "Boston  News  Letter,"  the  first  paper 
printed  in  North  America,  No.  1,  April  17,  1704. 

18.  Secretary's  book,  and  Constitution  book  of  the  Annawan 
Lodge,  No.  274, 1.  O.  G.  T. 

19.  Ledger,  day  book,  cash  book,  time  book,  sketch  book,  pat- 
tern book,  used  by  the  Rehoboth  Union  Mfg.  Co.  in  1810. 

20.  Secretary's  report  of  the  meeting  of  the  Rehoboth  Union 
Library,  June  y«  2d,  1800. 

21.  Constitution  of  the  Rehoboth  Village  Temperance  Society, 
February,  1834. 

22.  Secretary's  book  of  the  Rehoboth  Institute,  organized  No- 
vember 19,  1846. 

23.  Specimen  of  silk  made  in  Rehoboth. 

24.  King  Philip's  Kettle. 

25.  Portraits  of  Dea.  Asahel  Bliss,  Dr.  Isaac  C.  Goff,  and  Col. 
Cyrus  M.  Wheaton. 

26.  A  copy  of  Newman's  Concordance  of  the  Holy  Scriptures, 
Cambridge,  1662. 

27.  A  complete  set  of  utensils,  used  in  flax  and  woolen  manu- 
facturing, including  brake,  hatchel,  swingling  board  and  knife, 
and  linen  wheel  for  flax,  with  cards,  large  spinning  wheel  and  reel 
for  wool. 


I.     rtl'NDLKTS  ■>.     CUK  K   ItKKl.  ;t.     HAND   UH)M 

4.     COW   ttV.lAH  .',.     IIAllltl-:i.  (III'IIK 


THE  BBHOBOTH  ANTIQUARIAN  SOCIETY      239 


On  the  left  is  the  flax  u  it  ii  );rown  a 
with  a  iinmtrul  of  Hax  between  its  ponilcruus  jbws 
"Rwingling  boaril,"  with  the  "swinfilinR  knife"  l< 
flmx  hanging  submiaaively  over  the  top;  next  we  : 
iwx  which  supports  the  "hatchel."  throueh  whoa 
the  Rax  in  drnvn  to  rid  it  oF  all  its  "shives  ';  then 
the  "little  wheel"  and  is  spun  into  linen  thread. 

Th«  three  implements  on  the  rif[ht  illustrate  the  spinning  of  wool.  Tha 
wool  is  first  taken  between  the  "cards"  lying  on  the  floor,  just  under  the  "big 
wheel,"  with  a  roll  oF  wool  hangjing  over  them:  when  carded  into  these  rolu 
the  wool  goes  to  the  "big  wheel,"  where  it  is  spun,  and  wound  oIT  aa  yarn 
on  the  "reel"  at  the  extreme  right. 


beaten  Sax  o 

:omb-like  rows  of  teeth 

goes  to  the  "diat*B"  «n 


An  exhibition  was  given  at  Memorial  Hall,  April  23.  1886, 
illustrating  the  process  of  spinning  flax  and  wool  by  hand.  All 
the  machines  representing  the  flax  industry  were  in  operation 
together  under  the  direction  of  Mr.  Abiah  Bliss,  aged  eighty-six 
years.  Capt.  George  W.  Bliss  manned  the  flax  brake,  and  in 
spite  of  his  seventy-seven  years  wielded  the  ponderous  implement 
witli  deafening  and  crushing  effect.  Mr.  Baylies  Goff,  eighty- 
seven,  handled  the  swingling  knife  effectively  and  sent  the  "shives" 
flying  in  all  directions.  Mrs.  Hannah  Darling  sat  by  the  hatchel 
and,  by  drawing  the  flax  through  its  parallel  rows  of  comb-like 
teeth,  straightened  the  fibers  for  the  distaff.  Mrs.  Abby  W.  Car- 
penter, another  octogenarian,  skilfully  spun  the  flax  from  the  dis- 
taiT  upon  the  linen  wheel  and  produced  quite  a  skein  of  linea 
thread.  The  spinning  of  yarn  from  wool  was  illusbated  by  Mrs. 
Eliza  Goff  and  Mr.  Leonard  Peterson.  Mr.  Peterson  carded  the 
wool  into  rolls,  and  Mrs.  Goff  spun  it  into  yam  on  the  big  vbeel 


240 


HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 


and  wound  it  off  on  the  reel.  Meanwhile  Mr.  Abiah  Bliss  ex- 
plained the  various  steps  in  handling  both  flax  and  wool  and  passed 
samples  among  the  audience  for  souvenirs. 

We  give  below  the  names  of  all  who  up  to  the  time  of  dedicating 
the  hall  contributed  money  to  the  enterprise.  Most  of  these  re- 
ceived shares  in  the  stock  which  gave  them  the  privilege  of  voting 
on  all  matters  relating  to  the  society,  one  vote  being  allowed  for 
each  ten-dollar  share.  A  few  preferred  to  give  their  money  out- 
right, and  whether  they  took  stock  or  not,  or  whether  their  con- 
tributions were  large  or  small,  they  are  given  an  equal  and  im- 
partial recognition  in  the  appended 

Names  of  Original  Contributors 


Eliza  N.  Allen 
Paschal  Allen 
Elizabeth  M.  Anthony 
George  Baker 
John  Baker 
W.  E.  Barrett  &  Co. 
Johnstone  Black 
Abram  O.  Blanding 
William  W.  Blanding 
Francis  A.  Bliss 
Mrs.  Hannah  Bliss 
J.  Walter  Bliss 
Sarah  M.  Bo  wen 
William  Henry  Bowen 
George  W.  Bowen 
E.  P.  Brown 
Christopher  T.  Brown 
Amanda  M.  Brown 
J.  W.  Briggs 
Belle  H.  Bryant 
J.  A.  Buffinton 
Albert  N.  Bullock 
Edwin  R.  Bullock 
Nathaniel  M.  Burr 
Samuel  O.  Case 
Samuel  O.  Case,  Jr. 
Betsy  Carpenter 
Dewitt  C.  Carpenter 
James  P.  Carpenter 
Joseph  R.  Carpenter 
Stephen  Carpenter 


Thomas  W.  Carpenter 
Horace  F.  Cari>enter 
J.  Irvin  Chaffee 
Samuel  Chaffee 
James  Cornell 
Capt.  Isainh  L.  Chase 
Danfortli  L.  Cole 
Edwin  F.  Gushing 
Daniel  N.  Davis 
Darius  B.  Davis 
John  W.  Davis 
Elislia  Davis 
John  A.  Earle 
Joseph  F.  Earle 
Oliver  Earle 
James  A.  Eddy 
Farmers'  Club 
Peleg  E.  Francis 
Albert  C.  Goff 
Bradford  G.  Goff 
Charles  W.  Goff 
Darius  Goff 
Ellery  L.  Goff 
Enoch  Goff 

George  Hathaway  Goff 
George  Hiram  Goff 
George  N.  Goff 
Mrs.  Harriet  N.  Goff 
Henry  C.  Goff 
Horace  E.  Goff 
Julia  B.  Goff 


THE  REHOBOTH  ANTIQUARIAN  SOCIETY      241 


Mary  B.  GoflF 

Simeon  GoiT 

Zenas  H.  Goff 

Elias  Hathaway 

Avis  Hicks 

Nathan  £.  Hicks 

William  H.  Hopkins 

Benjamin  Horton 

Danforth  G.  Horton 

Dexter  W.  Horton 

Everett  S.  Horton 

Edward  H.  Horton 

George  H.  Horton 

Horton  Brothers 

Henry  T.  Horton 

John  O.  Horton 

Jeremiah  W.  Horton 

Nathan  H.  Horton 

Nathaniel  B.  Horton 

Tanierline  W.  Horton 

Welcome  F.  Horton 

William  B.  Horton 

William  W.  Horton 

John  W.  Humphrey 

Catherine  J.  Hunt 

Simeon  Hunt,  M.D. 

John  Hunt 

Williams  Lake 

Mrs.    A.    D.   Ijockwood   and 

Daughters 
Frank  E.  Luther 
Hale  S.  liUther 
Levi  L.  Luther 
William  H.  Luther 
Ellen  M.  Marsh 
Hezekiah  Martin 
Jennie  P.  Martin 
Frances  A.  Marvel 
John  C.  Marvel 
William  H.  Marvel 
Albert  C.  Mason 
Ebenezer  A.  Medbury 
Herbert  E.  Moulton 


Horatio  N.  Moulton 

Ellery  Millard 

Sylvester  A.  Miller 

A.  F.  C.  Monroe 

Charles  L.  Nash 

Matthew  Patterson 

Gustavus  B.  Peck 

James  M.  Peck 

Jethnial  Peck 

Royal  C.  Peck 

Samuel  L.  Peck 

Charles  Perry 

Edgar  Perry 

Elizabeth  B.  Pierce 

Esek  H.  Pierce 

Galen  Pierce 

Joseph  H.  Pierce 

Samuel  L.  Pierce 

William  L.  Pierce 

David  S.  Ray 

Delight  C.  Read 

Almon  A.  Reed 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Henry  G.  Reed 

William  H.  Reed 

Samuel  Remington 

Stephen  S.  Rich 

Ellery  Robinson 

Thomas  R.  Salsbury 

Charles  IL  Scott 

Henry  Slaney 

Tristram  Thatcher 

William  Thatcher 

Charles  L.  Thomas 

George  H.  Til  ton 

Charles  F.  Viall 

John  W.  Watson 

William  Walker 

Amanda  M.  Wheaton 

Francis  J.  Wheeler 

Jasper  W.  Wheeler 

Cyrenus  Wheeler,  Jr. 

William  H.  Whitaker 

Paschal  E.  Wilmarth 


After  the  new  memorial  hall  was  erected,  more  than  500  shares 
of  "new  stock"  were  distributed  gratuitously  to  one  hundred  or 
more  citizens,  giving  each  five  shares,  the  Goff  brothers  retaining 
IG 


242  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

2,500  shares  as  a  controlling  interest  in  case  of  emergency.  As  a 
matter  of  fact,  however,  the  citizen  shareholders,  old  and  new 
together,  have  full  control  of  the  building. 

The  Antiquarian  Society  had  its  first  clam-bake  on  Tuesday, 
Aug.  24,  1886.  The  tables  were  spread  under  the  trees  in  the  or- 
chard opp)osite  the  residence  of  Mr.  G.  N.  GofT.  Mr.  Darius  Goff 
and  Mr.  and  Mrs.  T.  W.  Bicknell  were  among  the  guests.  Sev- 
eral hundred  people  were  present.  There  was  music  and  dancing 
in  the  hall.  Mr.  Bradford  G.  Goff  superintended  the  bake  and 
has  continued  the  same  services  for  thirty-one  successive  years. 

At  the  second  bake,  in  1887,  plates  were  laid  for  eight  himdred 
guests,  in  a  large,  new  tent,  and  the  occasion  was  marred  by  a 
severe  thunder-shower.  Mrs.  Zerviah  Gould  Mitchell  and  her 
daughters,  native  Indians  from  Assonet,  were  present,  with  their 
friend.  General  Ebenezer  W.  Pierce,  as  guests  of  the  Society. 

After  this  about  one  thousand  tickets  were  sold  each  year  for 
a  number  of  years  until  the  demand  was  so  great  that  the  largest 
tent  in  New  England  was  secured,  under  which  fourteen  hundred 
people  were  fed  at  fifty  cents  a  plate.  Hundreds  more  were  pro- 
vided for  by  food  sold  at  tables  outside.  In  1915  a  permanent 
frame-work  was  erected  over  which  a  canvas  roof  is  stretched  as 
occasion  requires. 

Some  idea  of  the  extent  of  this  annual  festival  may  be  had 
from  the  following  statement  on  the  card  of  notification  for  the 
year  1914:  "Bake  consists  of  seventy  bushels  of  clams,  one  hun- 
dred lbs.  of  fish,  eight  barrels  of  sweet  potatoes,  six  hundred  lbs. 
of  onions,  one  hundred  lbs.  of  |>ork  (to  make  the  dressing),  two 
hundred  lbs.  of  sausage,  and  fifteen  hundred  ears  of  corn.'*  And 
we  may  add  about  one  hundred  and  twenty-five  watermelons. 
Music  is  furnished  by  a  paid  orchestra. 

The  Goff  Memorial  Hall  was  dedicated  with  impressive  cere- 
monies on  Monday,  May  10,  1886,  which  was  Mr.  Goff's  seventy- 
seventh  birthday  anniversary.  There  was  a  large  concourse  of 
people,  several  hundred  coming  in  carriages  from  the  neighboring 
towns,  as  it  was  yet  ten  years  before  the  electric  cars  entered  the 
place. 

On  the  platform  were  seated  the  distinguished  guests  and  speak- 
ers of  the  day. 

The  exercises  began  with  singing  '"Master  Great  whose  Power 
Almighty,"  by  the  Harmonic  Male  Quartette  of  Attleborough. 


I>AUII  S  COFf 


THE  REHOBOTII  ANTIQUARIAN  SOCIETY      243 

The  President  of  the  Antiquarian  Society,  Rev.  Geo.  H.  Tilton* 
then  gave  the  following 

Address  op  Welcome 

"Members  and  Friends  of  the  Rehoboth  Antiquarian  Society: 

We  are  glad  to  welcome  you,  as  you  have  come  hither  from  so 
many  different  places  on  this  auspicious  day.  The  dedication  of 
this  goodly  building  marks  an  important  era  in  the  history  of  this 
ancient  town. 

The  Rehoboth  Antiquarian  Society  was  organized  on  the  5th 
of  March,  1884.  The  trustees  entered  at  once  upon  the  work  of 
erecting  a  suitable  building  for  the  purposes  of  the  Society.  This 
building  was  completed  in  the  autumn  of  1885.  A  charter  had 
been  granted  by  the  General  Court  in  March  of  the  same  year. 

The  object  of  the  Society  may  be  expressed  in  four  particulars. 
In  the  first  place  there  is  the  antiquarian  department.  This  was 
the  germ  of  the  whole  enterprise,  the  nucleus  around  which  all  the 
other  ideas  have  clustered.  It  occurred  to  some  of  us  that  this 
old  town  was  rich  in  historical  and  antiquarian  relics  which  ought 
to  be  brought  together  and  preserved.  It  was  this  object  that  gave 
the  name  to  the  Society.  W^e  have  already  a  somewhat  valuable 
collection,  and  we  trust  that  our  friends,  as  they  see  what  we  have 
done,  will  have  it  in  their  hearts  to  add  thereto. 

Another  object  of  the  Society  was  to  provide  a  suitable  hall  in 
which  we  might  hold  our  large  public  gatherings.  The  hall  speaks 
for  itself  —  a  grand,  central  rallying  place  for  the  sons  and  daugh- 
ters of  Rehoboth  on  all  great  occasions.  The  Society  has  also 
provided  a  fine  school-room,  hoping  to  secure  the  advantages  of 
a  high  school  for  our  children.  For  this  object  an  ample  appro- 
priation, either  public  or  private,  is  greatly  needed. 

Last,  but  not  least,  is  our  library  department.  We  are  delighted 
with  our  bright,  cheery  room,  and  we  are  grateful  to  our  friends* 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Thomas  W.  Bickncll,  to  whose  generous  interest 
in  our  enterprise  we  owe  the  Blanding  Library.  We  extend  to  them 
a  most  cordial  welcome.  There  are  various  factors  which  enter 
into  this  great  undertaking,  which,  we  trust,  has  only  begun  its 
important  educational  work  in  this  community.  We  must  not 
fail  to  recognize  the  unfeigned  interest  of  our  own  citizens  who  have 
contributed — some  of  them  from  their  hard  earnings — sums  rang- 
ing from  $10  up  to  1200.    Like  sums  have  also  been  donated  by 


244  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

former  residents  of  the  town.   Friends  and  helpers  m  this  work»  we 
bid  you  all  welcome  here  to-day. 

But  with  all  our  gifts  combined  we  could  never  have  built  this 
elegant  and  commodious  edifice.  Some  building  we  should  doubts 
less  have  had»  but  it  would  not  have  been  the  GoflF  Memorial. 
For  this  we  are  largely  indebted  to  the  munificence  of  Mr.  Darius 
Goff .  We  had  no  sooner  put  our  united  sums  into  one  side  of  the 
balance,  when  his  contribution  brought  the  other  scale  hard  down» 
and  it  has  been  growing  heavier  ever  since.  We  congratulate 
him  that  on  this  very  spot  where  he  was  bom  —  just  77  years 
ago  —  he  is  permitted  to-day  to  join  in  the  dedication  of  the  Goff 
Memorial.  Sir,  we  bid  you  welcome,  and  of  all  your  seventy- 
seven  birthdays  may  this  be  the  happiest  and  the  best." 

This  address  was  followed  by  a  statement  from  the  treasurer 
showing  all  bills  paid,  with  a  cash  balance  on  hand  of  $55.49. 

The  principal  feature  of  the  day  was  Hon.  T.  W.  Bicknell's 
masterly  oration,  in  which,  after  giving  due  credit  to  those  most 
prominent  in  the  enterprise,  he  set  forth  the  virtues  of  the  early 
settlers  of  the  town  and  spoke  of  the  school  and  the  church  as 
the  chief  agents  in  promoting  the  culture  and  progress  of  the 
people.  ''The  only  conservative  forces  in  society,"  he  maintained, 
''are  intelligence  and  religion." 

The  prayer  of  dedication  was  offered  by  Rev.  Alexander  Mc- 
Gregor of  Pawtucket.  Addresses  were  made  by  Dr.  E.  G.  Robin- 
son, President  of  Brown  University,  Rev.  Dr.  Jeremiah  Taylor 
of  Providence,  and  Hon.  Charles  A.  Reed  of  Taunton,  secretary  of 
the  Old  Colony  Historical  Society. 

The  morning  exercises  closed  with  singing  the  dedicatory  hymn 
written  by  Mrs.  Lucy  Bliss  Sweet,  a  native  of  the  town,  and  the 
benediction  by  Rev.  A.  P.  Grosvenor,  a  former  pastor  of  the  Con- 
gregational Church.    Dinner  was  served  in  the  basement. 

At  the  afternoon  exercises  a  complete  surprise  was  sprung  upon 
Mr.  Tilton  by  the  presentation  of  a  large  crayon  portrait  of  him- 
self, designed  to  hang  in  the  hall;  his  friend  Dr.  J.  Taylor  making 
the  speech. 

Addresses  were  made  by  Mr.  David  A.  Waldron,  President  of 
the  Barrington  Historical  Antiquarian  Society;  General  OIney 
Arnold,  of  Pawtucket;  Edgar  Perry,  of  North  Attleborough;  Rev. 
E.  G.  Porter,  of  Lexington,  Mass.;  Hon.  John  M.  Bray  ton,  of  Fall 


THE  REHOBOTH  ANTIQUARIAN  SOCIETY      245 

River»  Ex-Gov.  Littlefield,  of  Rhode  Island;  Rev.  L.  S.  Wood- 
worth,  of  East  Providence;  Hon.  H.  A.  Metcalf,  of  Pawtueket; 
Senator  George  N.  Bliss,  of  East  Providence;  Dea.  Joseph  Brown, 
of  Seekonk,  and  Rev.  L.  Thompson,  of  Woburn;  closing  with  a 
few  words  from  Mr.  Darius  Goff. 

All  the  exercises  were  of  a  high  order,  and  the  occasion  marked 
an  era  in  Rchoboth  history. 

The  erection  of  so  grand  a  memorial,  the  utterances  of  the  dis- 
tinguished men  at  its  dedication,  the  contribution  to  Rehoboth 
history  made  by  tlie  complete  and  accurate  record  of  the  pro- 
ceedings published  in  the  volume,  "Historic  Rehoboth,"  all  served 
to  win  for  Rchoboth  a  recognition  as  one  of  the  chief  historic 
places  in  the  Old  Bay  State,  as  well  as  to  prei)are  the  way  for  the 
celebration  of  the  two  hundred  and  fiftieth  anniversary  eight 
years  later. 

THE  NEW   GOFF  MEMORIAL 

The  first  memorial  building  was  struck  by  lightning  and  burned 
on  Friday,  July  7,  1911.  The  new  Memorial  Hall  was  informally 
dedicated  May  10,  1915.  There  were  a  few  brief  addresses  in  the 
afternoon  and  a  largely  attended  social  dance  in  the  evening. 
Not  less  than  three  hundred  people  repaired  to  the  brilliantly 
lighted  hall  to  exchange  greetings  and  to  keep  step  with  the  thrill- 
ing music  of  the  orchestra. 

The  new  edifice,  including  its  accessories,  cost  $35,000.  There 
was  $6,000  insurance  on  the  old  hall,  leaving  $29,000  as  the  dona- 
tion of  the  brothers  Darius  L.  and  Lyman  B.  Goff,  a  magnanimous 
gift  in  honor  of  their  father,  Darius  GofT,  and  of  the  ancestral 
home. 

The  new  structure  is  a  story  and  a  half  brick  building  45  x  90 
feet,  the  interior  of  dark-stained  oak.  The  fine  hall  which  seats 
about  300  is  on  the  first  floor,  with  stage,  drop  curtain  and  two 
anterooms  for  theatricals;  up-stairs  are  the  library  and  anti- 
quarian room  and  in  the  basement  a  social  room  where  suppers 
are  served. 

The  building  is  heated  by  steam  and  lighted  by  electricity,  the 
latter  donated  by  the  Bay  State  Street  Railway  Company.  Every 
comfort  of  the  public  is  provided  for. 

The  library  and  antiquarian  room  contain  the  books  and  relics 
which  were  saved  without  loss  from  the  fire  of  1911.    In  the  rear» 


246  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

outside,  there  is  ample  space  for  the  annual  clam-bake»  where  a 
suitable  frame  for  the  canvas  is  permanently  fixed.  The  president 
of  the  Society  is  Geo.  N.  GoflF,  its  secretary  EUery  L.  GoflF,  and  its 
treasurer  Henry  T.  Horton. 

THE  250th  anniversary 

"^The  Rehoboth  Antiquarian  Society  took  the  initiative  in  re- 
commending a  celebration  of  the  250th  anniversary  of  the  settle- 
ment of  the  town. 

At  a  meeting  of  the  stockholders  in  July,  1804,  it  was  decided 
to  have  a  celebration  that  year,  and  a  committee  of  arrangements 
was  chosen,  consisting  of  Esek  H.  Pierce,  chairman;  Edgar  Perry, 
secretary;  Geo.  N.  GoflF,  William  W.  Blanding,  Nathaniel  B. 
Horton,  Gustavus  B.  Peck,  and  Elisha  Davis. 

The  celebration  took  place  on  the  third  day  of  October,  1894, 
in  the  Goflf  Memorial  Hall.  An  address  of  welcome  was  given  by 
Edgar  Perry;  Hon.  T.  W.  Bickncll  as  toast-master  addressed  the 
assembly  and  recognized  by  name  the  towns  most  intimately  re- 
lated to  Old  Rehoboth,  several  of  them  being  daughters  of  that 
ancient  town. 

Responses  were  made  for  each  by  the  following  representatives: 

Weymouth,  1635,  Bradford  Hawes,  Esq. 

Swansea,  1667,  Edward  M.  Thurston,  Esq. 

Barrington,  1717,  Fred.  P.  Church,  Esq. 

Attleborough,  1694. 

North  Attleborough,  1887,  Rev.  John  Whiteliill. 

Seekonk,  1812,  Joseph  Brown,  Esq. 

Pawtucket,  1828,  Henry  E.  Tiepke. 

Cumberland,  1746.     Incorporated  1747. 

East  Providence,  1862,  Hon.  Geo.  N.  Bliss. 

Newport,  Hon.  J.  W.  Horton. 
The  main  historical  address  of  the  day  was  given  by  Hon.  Ed- 
win L.  Barney  of  New  Bedford.  Addresses  were  also  made  by 
Hon.  John  W.  Davis  of  Pawtucket,  and  Hon.  Edwin  C.  Pierce  of 
Providence.  An  original  poem,  "Early  Pilgrims,"  was  read  by 
Hon.  Thomas  W.  Bicknell. 

An  account  of  these  exercises,  together  with  the  addresses  and 
poem,  is  published  in  a  volume  of  one  hundred  and  fifty-seven 
pages  edited  by  Dr.  Bicknell. 


CHAPTER  X 

REHOBOTH  AGRICULTURE 

The  town  of  Rchoboth  as  now  limited  presents  many  of  the 
characteristics  of  the  earlier  days.  It  is  still  a  town  of  homesteads 
on  some  of  which  descendants  of  the  original  settlers  continue  to 
live.  It  has  still  large  tracts  of  woodland  ''in  whose  winding 
roads  one  may  as  easily  lose  one's  way  as  among  the  tortuous 
Indian  trails  of  old."  It  is  easy  to  believe  the  record  that  even 
after  the  middle  of  the  eighteenth  century  wildcats  were  fre- 
quently seen,  and  a  bounty  of  ten  shillings  was  paid  by  the  town 
for  each  head  surrendered.  The  population  is  for  the  most  part 
scattered,  with  groups  of  houses  here  and  there,  as  at  the  Village 
and  in  the  Blanding  and  Oak  Swamp  neighborhoods,  and  at 
Stevens'  Corner.  There  are  no  large,  compact  business  centers 
where  the  hum  of  modern  machinery  can  be  heard;  no  steam-cars 
pass  through  its  borders,  and  it  is  but  a  score  of  years  since  the 
electric  cars  ventured  to  invade  the  quiet  of  its  rustic  scenes. 

Rehoboth  is  thus  preeminently  an  agricultural  town  with  an 
area  of  about  seventy  square  miles,  containing  538  houses,  with 
27,624  acres  of  assessed  land.  Many  of  its  farms  are  well  tilled 
and  profitable.  The  State  Census  of  1905  reports  6,799  acres 
under  cultivation,  valued  at  S3 15,727,  and  the  number  of  farms 
as  211. 

From  a  geological  point  of  view  the  old  town  was  a  part  of  the 
Narragansett  basin,  which  was  "the  result  of  water  erosion,  the 
folding  of  strata,  the  giant  swing  of  the  continent."  During  the 
carboniferous  period  it  was  filled  in  with  rocks  and  rock-fragments 
large  and  small,  carried  thither  by. the  glaciers  which  rested  on 
this  part  of  New  England. 

The  southward  flow  of  the  mighty  ice-river,  hundreds  of  feet 
high,  cut  channels  in  the  rock  which  were  deepened  by  the  erosion 
of  running  waters,  as  may  be  seen  in  the  Taunton,  Providence 
and  Palmer's  River  courses.  '  This  vast  ice-sheet,  creeping  onward 
day  and  night,  year  in  and  year  out  for  many  centuries,  was  ever 
grinding  off  the  sharp,  outstanding  points  of  rock  and  planing 
down  the  hills,  forming  clay,  sand,  gravel  and  boulders  which  it 
brought  down  and  dumped  on  our  fields  and  pastures.    Every* 

[t47l 


248  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

where  the  land  surface  is  overspread  with  these  glacial  deposits* 
the  upper  portion  of  which  is  known  as  the  soil.  This  soil  is  a  water 
reservoir  in  which  rains  are  caught  and  held;  it  is  abo  a  laboratory 
for  the  making  of  plant-foods,  and  into  it  the  roots  of  plants  grow 
deeply  for  support,  moisture  and  nourishment. 

Besides  the  glacier,  another  powerful  agency  in  soil-formation 
is  what  is  known  as  "weathering/*  including  the  solvent  action 
of  rains  tinctured  with  carbonic  acid,  the  explosive  action  of 
frosts  and  the  divisive  force  of  tree-roots  growing  in  fissures  of 
rocks.  These  and  other  agencies  are  ever  at  work  disintegrating 
the  rocks  and  reducing  tliem  to  soil.  The  kind  of  soil  depends 
on  the  materials  that  form  it,  but  in  general  soils  are  either  of 
a  sandy  or  clayey  texture.  All  soils,  to  become  productive,  need  to 
be  mixed  with  humus  or  vegetable  mold.  Peat-bogs  are  rich  in 
humus,  and  if  drained,  rotted  and  pulverized  by  cultivation  and 
supplied  with  potash,  are  extremely  fertile. 

The  earliest  growths  in  the  naked  mineral  soils  were  lichens 
which  left  enough  humus  for  the  mosses,  and  these  in  turn  for  the 
ferns  and  fungi;  then  came  the  cone-bearing  trees,  and  finally  the 
higher  forms  of  vegetation. 

Rehoboth,  in  common  with  other  towns  of  the  section,  has 
varying  grades  of  soil  which  the  farmer  should  study,  that  he 
may  adapt  his  tillage  to  local  requirements.  In  this  area  much 
of  the  surface  rock  is  conglomerate.  Glacial  sand-plains  abound 
where  the  land  is  a  sandy  or  gravelly  loam,  as,  for  instance,  the 
vast  Manwhuguc  riain,  Reaclwny's  Plain  about  the  Village  Cem- 
etery, and  the  great  Seekonk  Plain  of  Old  Rehoboth.  There  are 
hundreds  of  acres  of  this  light  soil  which  might  be  set  out  to  pine- 
trees  after  the  manner  of  the  "Cathedral  Woods"*  l>elow  Perry- 
ville,  for  they  will  thrive  and  pay  a  good  profit  when  other  growths 
fail.  Our  State  Forester  strongly  recommends  this  course.  The 
white  pine  blister-rust,  however,  is  an  enemy  to  be  feared  and  if 
possible  avoided. 

On  the  other  hand  there  are  areas  of  richer  soils  mingled  with 
clay,  and  often  with  a  clayey  subsoil,  both  on  the  uplands  and  on 
the  banks  of  streams  where  the  rich  alluvial  deposits  yield  ample 
returns  in  grasses,  grains  and  root-crops. 

'  A  beautiful  pine-grove  of  seven  acres  on  the  Christopher  Carpenter  farm 
on  Carpenter  Street,  set  out  in  1860  in  regular  rows  and  now  averaging  about 
6fty  feet  in  height. 


II.  K.  LI(»UTO\ 
Agrkiiltiirnl  Comniisiilonrr  of  llir  AmcricMn  Sterl  &  Wire  Co. 


SCENES  FHOM  TIIK  WAM)()  CIIAVKS   KAItM.  WIIKKI.KR  ST..  HKIKHJOTIi 


REHOBOTH  AGRICULTURE  249 

The  meadow  lands  along  Palmer's  River  and  Barrington  River, 
on  account  of  which  Old  Rehoboth  was  styled  ''the  Garden  of 
New  England,"  although  they  have  deteriorated,  partly,  it  is  said, 
by  the  excessive  use  of  fish  as  a  fertilizer  in  early  times,  which 
stimulated  the  soil  with  nitrogen  at  the  expense  of  other  plant- 
foods,  are  capable  of  renewal  by  supplying  them  with  potash» 
lime,  and  phosphorus. 

There  is  a  strip  of  fertile  land  lying  east  of  Manwhague  Swamp, 
known  as  the  "Hornbine  Fruit  Belt.  The  soil  is  a  yellow  loam  of 
the  finest  known  quality.^  It  seems  equally  adapted  to  apples, 
peaches,  cherries  and  other  fruits  of  the  rose  family.  The  apple 
has  some  advantage  over  the  peach,  being  more  hardy  and  per- 
sistent. This  wholesome  and  standard  fruit  can  be  profitably 
grown  in  every  section  of  the  town,  provided  pains  are  taken  to 
nourish,  prune  and  spray  the  trees. 

Until  recent  years  corn  was  a  staple  crop  in  the  town;  and 
potatoes  have  been  raised  extensively  from  the  first.  In  1914, 
five  thousand  bushels  of  tubers  were  grown  from  twenty  acres 
on  the  Elisha  Davis  farm  in  South  Rehoboth,  by  H.  B.  Reed 
and  Son,  who  also  raised  fifty-five  hundred  bushels  on  twenty-two 
acres  in  1915. 

In  the  earlier  years  of  the  settlement  and  along  into  the  nine- 
teenth century,  flax  was  raised  to  a  considerable  extent,  which 
the  women  spun  and  wove  into  linen  for  home  use.  Relics  of  this 
industry,  including  brake,  swingling  board  and  knife,  hatchel  and 
linen-wheel  were  still  preserved  in  some  of  the  old  houses  as  late 
as  1885,  when  samples  were  collected  for  the  antiquarian  room. 
The  following  year  some  native  octogenarians  gave  an  exhibition 
of  every  phase  of  the  industry  from  the  raw  flax  to  the  fine-spun 
yarn. 

Wool  was  obtained  from  sheep  raised  on  the  farms,  which  was 
spun  and  woven  into  bedding  and  clothing.  A  few  of  the  ancient 
blue-and' white  spreads  may  still  be  seen  perfect  in  fabric  and  color. 

'  Here  Mr.  Alfred  C.  Case  raises  fruit  of  rare  beauty  and  flavor.  In  1916 
he  sold  2131  bushels  of  Red  Astrachan  apples  from  fifty-four  young  trees 
for  $400.  He  was  equally  successful  with  a  trial  crop  of  Yellow  Transparents. 
The  same  year  he  sold  1000  baskets  of  "sun-kissed**  peaches  at  an  average 
of  75  cents  a  basket.  In  this  section  also  the  brothers  Adin  and  Arthur  Horton 
are  extensive  growers  of  this  delicious  fruit.  There  are  a  few  orchards  also 
in  other  parts  of  the  town.  At  Stevens*  Corner,  William  Slater  has  ten  acres 
of  trees.  In  spite  of  "leaf-curl/*  "the  yellows"  and  insect  pests,  the  peach 
industry  promises  well. 


250  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Improved  breeds  of  sheep  might  again  be  profitably  grown  could 
they  be  protected  from  dogs.  In  1855  the  number  of  sheep 
reported  in  town  was  371;  in  1914  there  were  only  twenty. 
Cord-wood  and  cider-vinegar  were  produced  in  quantity  for  the 
markets. 

Oats  and  barley  were  produced  quite  generally,  and  wheat  to 
a  limited  extent.  The  climate  and  soil  are  especially  favorable 
for  rye.  Large  sales  of  milk  have  been  common  for  many  years, 
amounting  in  1885  to  $74,497;^  and  considerable  hay  has  been 
sold.  From  1870  to  1890  many  farmers  specialized  in  strawberry 
culture,  and  thousands  of  crates  of  these  berries  were  marketed 
at  a  good  profit.  This  industry  was  conducted  on  a  large  scale 
by  Hathaway  Goff  and  his  son-in-law,  George  Henry  Horton,  in 
1870  and  the  years  following.  It  is  said  that  the  first  berries  grown 
in  Rehoboth  for  the  market  were  raised  by  Willard  Johnson  and 
George  D.  Brown  in  1866,  and  among  the  early  growers  were 
Herbert  C.  Bryant  of  Salisbury  Street  and  Isaac  Briggs  of  Oak 
Swamp.  At  first  the  berries  were  packed  in  round  boxes  which 
were  usually  returned. 

Hon.  Henry  T.  Horton,  in  an  address  to  the  Rehoboth  Farmers* 
Club  in  1880,  stated  that  fifty  acres  were  planted  to  strawberries 
with  an  average  yield  to  the  acre  of  one  hundred  crates  of  thirty- 
two  baskets  each,  making  five  thousand  bushels.  He  estimated 
$100  to  the  acre  as  an  average  profit,  reaching  in  a  few  instances 
to  $500.  Nason's  "Gazetteer  of  Massachusetts"  states  that  in 
1885  the  strawberry  sales  in  Rehoboth  amounted  to  $26,325,  re- 
quiring 314,452  quarts  or  9,827  bushels.  After  a  time  the  in- 
dustry declined  owing  to  increased  competition  and  the  difficulty 
and  expense  of  hiring  pickers.  The  Portuguese  farmers,  however, 
are  bringing  the  strawberry  into  cultivation  again,  as  their  num- 
erous children  enable  them  to  harvest  the  crop  economically. 

Vegetables  are  produced  in  considerable  quantities  both  for 
the  feeding  of  stock  and  for  sale.  These  include  cabbages,  tur- 
nips, carrots,  beets,  tomatoes,  sweet  corn,  and  to  some  extent 
celery  and  onions,  all  of  which  find  a  ready  market.  For  a  number 
of  years  the  highest  prizes  for  vegetables  at  the  Taunton  fair 
were  awarded  to  thrifty  Rehoboth  farmers,  notably  Geo.  W.  and 
William  Henry  Bowen.  The  town  is  favored  with  good  markets 
which  on  every  side  welcome  its  produce;  no  less  than  five  cities 

'Since  thta  time  the  amount  of  milk  produced  has  greatly  increased. 


rrKNin  r.  iiouton 


:.  JBIIKMIAII   W.   llOltTOX 


REHOBOTH  AGRICULTURE  251 

reached  by  smooth  and  level  roads  compete  for  its  fruits  and 
vegetables. 

On  the  11th  of  February,  1874,  a  farmers'  club  was  formed  at 
Briggs  Corner,  which  was  destined  to  greatly  improve  agricultural 
conditions  in  Rehoboth.  The  prime  mover  was  Julian  Anness» 
a  young  man  who  for  the  sake  of  his  health  gave  up  a  business 
career  and  lived  with  his  father  on  the  "Lincoln  Tavern"  farm» 
just  over  the  line  in  Attleborough.  He  called  together  a  few  of 
the  neighboring  farmers  who  organized  under  the  name  of  "The 
Briggsville  and  North  Rehoboth  Farmers'  Club." 

The  object,  as  stated  in  the  constitution,  was  "For  the  mutual 
improvement  of  its  members  in  agricultural  pursuits,  and  for 
purchasing  agricultural  implements,  seeds,  etc.,  at  wholesale 
prices." 

The  officers  chosen  were  Francis  A.  Bliss,  president,  who  was 
re-elected  every  year  for  fifteen  successive  years;  Rev.  Gardiner 
Clark,  vice-president;  Julian  Anness,  secretary,  and  Ira  Perry, 
treasurer.  Meetings  were  held  once  a  week  except  in  the  summer* 
with  an  average  attendance  of  thirteen,  not  counting  special 
gatherings  which  were  largely  attended.  After  some  years  the 
interest  moved  towards  Rehoboth  center,  as  some  of  the  charter 
members  had  died  or  dropped  out,  while  others  took  their  places. 
The  name  was  changed  to  "The  Rehoboth  Farmers'  Club." 
Thomas  R.  Salsbury  became  secretary,  and  J.  F.  Moulton,  treas- 
urer. The  serious  tone  of  the  Club  is  seen  in  the  fact  that  every 
meeting,  at  least  for  fifteen  years,  was  opened  by  prayer. 

A  carefully  prepared  presentation  of  the  topic  of  the  evening 
was  made  at  each  session,  sometimes  in  writing,  followed  by  a 
general  discussion.  Some  of  the  topics  were:  Insects  Injurious 
to  Vegetation,  Successful  Strawberry  Culture,  What  Constitutes 
a  Good  Dairy-Cow,  How  to  Make  Hens  Profitable,  The  Wastes 
of  the  Farm,  The  Breeding  of  Cattle,  The  Setting  of  Fruit-Trees, 
Pleasures  and  Profits  of  a  Farmer's  Life,  Fertilizers  and  their 
Application,  The  Time  to  Cut  Grass  and  IIow  to  Cure  It,  The 
Most  Economical  Mode  of  Making  Butter,  The  Selection  and 
Planting  of  Seeds,  Is  the  Agricultural  College  a  Benefit  to  the 
Farmers  of  the  State,  Public  Roads  and  Farm  Roads,  Silos»  Cab- 
bage Culture;  these  and  other  topics  were  discussed  with  lively 
interest  and  edification. 

A  visiting  committee  was  appointed  each  year  to  study  and  re- 


252  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

port  on  various  crops  coming  under  their  observation  which  often 
extended  over  neighboring  towns.  A  valuable  library  was  grad- 
ually gathered  containing  some  of  the  best  books  relating  to  the 
farm  and  garden.  Once  a  year  the  Club  enjoyed  a  banquet, 
either  in  the  Congregational  vestry  or  the  Goff  Memorial*  at 
which  speeches  were  made  both  by  members  and  invited  guests. 
Instead  of  purchasing  seeds,  took,  fertilizers,  etc.,  in  wholesale 
lots  through  the  Club,  most  of  the  members  preferred  to  buy 
each  one  for  himself. 

The  secretary's  book  reports  regular  meetings  of  the  Club  only 
up  to  the  beginning  of  1888.  Meetings  were  held,  however,  as 
late  as  1894,  if  not  later.  In  1888,  Henry  T.  Horton  was  chosen 
president  of  the  Club,  and  in  1892,  Samuel  A.  Cash,  who  was 
succeeded  by  Dr.  Charles  N.  Raymond.  Its  library  had  become 
scattered  and  the  books  that  remained  were  finally  donated  to  the 
Blanding  Library. 

Among  the  prominent  workers  in  addition  to  the  officers  al- 
ready named  may  be  mentioned:  William  W.  Blanding,  Henry 
T.  Horton,  James  A.  Eddy,  Abiah  Bliss,  Geo.  W.  Bliss,  J.  Walter 
Bliss,  Reuben  Bowen,  Ezra  Perry,  G.  Hiram  Goff,  Charles  W* 
Goff,  Ellery  L.  Goff,  William  H.  Luther,  John  A.  Buffinton,  S. 
Luther  Peirce,  Almon  A.  Reed,  John  C.  Marvel,  Bradford  G. 
Goff,  Henry  C.  Goff,  E.  A.  Medbury,  James  P.  Carpenter,  Albert 
R.  Lewis,  and  J.  W.  Humphrey.  Among  the  ever  welcome  vis- 
itors were  Thomas  G.  Potter  of  East  Providence,  A.  W.  Paul 
of  Dighton,  N.  B.  Gardner  of  Swansea,  Chas.  E.  Chickering, 
Charles  A.  Lee  and  Albert  N.  Bullock  of  Pawtucket,  Edgar 
Peny  of  North  Attleborough,  and  Joseph  Brown  of  Seekonk. 

The  influence  of  the  Rehoboth  Farmers'  Club  on  the  community 
was  decidedly  helpful  as  well  as  lasting.  It  served  to  stimulate 
higher  ideals  and  better  methods  of  farming;  to  disseminate 
valuable  information  through  its  library  and  its  able  discussions 
of  vital  topics;  and  to  promote  the  social  welfare  of  all  concerned, 
making  them  better  acquainted  with  and  appreciative  of  each 
other. 

After  its  mission  had  ceased,  there  was  nothing  to  take  its 
place  until  the  organization  of  the  Annawan  Grange,  Feb.  22, 
1898.  The  Grange,  known  officially  as  "The  Order  of  Patrons 
of  Husbandry,"  stands  for  fraternity,  education,  and  social  help, 
and  is  designed  particularly  for  the  welfare  of  rural  communities. 


'^'i'^^.w^^  /^^^  "d^^^vd.^ 


ItKI  HKN  lUIWICN 


REHOBOTH  AGRICULTURE  263 

At  the  first  meeting,  which  was  held  in  the  school-room  of  the  Goff 
Memorial,  the  following  oflScers  were  chosen:  Master,  Fred  U. 
Cory;  Overseer,  Arthur  C.  Goff;  Lecturer,  Amelia  Horton  Car- 
penter; Steward,  Frank  A.  Goff;  Assistant  Steward,  Murray  J. 
Bowen;  Secretary,  E.  Gertrude  Hobbs;  Treasurer,  Joseph  P. 
Earle;  Chaplain,  Almon  A.  Reed;  Gatekeeper,  Frank  H.  Horton; 
Pomona,  Mary  L.  Bowen;  Flora,  Mrs.  Arthur  C.  Goff;  Lady 
Assistant  Steward,  E.  Amelia  Horton. 

The  first  regular  meeting  was  held  March  12,  1898,  and  on  May 
14,  Welcome  F.  Horton,  the  first  member  by  initiation,  took  the 
first  and  second  degrees.  The  sisters  of  the  Grange,  by  forming 
the  Anna  wan  Sewing  Circle,  raised  $147  for  furnishing  the  hall 
and  also  contributed  towards  the  Lecturers'  Fund  and  the  State 
Educational  Fund.  Much  good  has  been  accomplished  by  sending 
books,  flowers  and  fruit  to  the  sick  and  ''shut-ins**  both  within 
and  outside  of  the  order. 

On  April  28,  1908,  the  Grange,  having  met  for  ten  years  at  the 
school-room  in  Goff  Memorial  Hall,  received  from  the  Annawan 
Baptist  Church  and  Society  the  gift  of  their  meeting-house,  which 
they  fitted  up  and  have  since  occupied.  The  Grange  has  been 
free  from  debt  since  1910,  and  an  annual  clam-bake  helps  to  pay 
current  expenses. 

Through  this  organization,  instinct  with  life,  the  interests  of 
agriculture  have  been  promoted,  indirectly  by  stimulating  social 
fellowship  and  directly  by  frequent  lectures  on  some  vital  phase 
of  the  farmer's  life. 

Mention  should  be  made  of  the  several  herds  of  fine  cows  in 
town.  The  brothers  William  B.  and  M.  J.  Bowen  have  for  many 
years  maintained  a  large  herd  of  pure-blooded  Holsteins,  sending 
daily  their  full  yield  of  milk  unchallenged  to  Attleborough.  George 
S.  Baker  also  has  a  fine  herd  of  Holsteins  at  "Hill  Crest";  and 
Irving  W.  Kimball  of  South  Rehoboth  has  a  finely-bred  herd  of 
twenty-five  registered  Ayrshires;  and  there  are  numerous  mixed 
herds  which  supply  several  milk-routes.  Thomas  MacNeil  of 
South  Rehoboth,  a  successful  milk  producer,  has  a  remarkable 
Holstein  cow  with  a  record  of  eleven  quarts  (23.8  lbs.)  in  five 
hours,  from  7  a.m.  to  12  m.  Frank  H.  Horton  of  Rehoboth 
Village  owns  a  high-grade  herd  of  Holsteins. 

In  1855  there  were  in  town  755  cows,  324  horses,  694  swine, 
and  567  neat  cattle.    In  1900  there  were  1,188  cows,  569  horses* 


264  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

264  swine,  164  neat  cattle,  and  16,322  fowls.  In  1916  there  were 
1,271  cows,  542  horses,  325  swine,  343  neat  cattle,  and  26,229 
fowls. 

These  facts  show  an  increase  in  live-stock  on  the  whole,  but 
with  fewer  horses  now  than  ten  years  ago,  and  less  than  half  the 
number  of  swine  in  1855. 

This  increasing  aggregate  of  live-stock  on  the  Rehoboth  farms 
is  a  sign  of  agricultural  improvement.  Farms  cannot  be  kept  at 
their  best  when  the  hay  is  sold  off  and  but  few  cattle  are  raised. 
It  has  been  well  said  that  ''Livestock  farming  is  the  best  farming 
in  the  world,  the  enriching  of  soil  and  people.'* 

State  agricultural  experiments  show  that  alfalfa  will  grow 
readily  in  Rehoboth,  and  the  raising  of  sheep  again  on  our  farms 
is  strongly  recommended  by  experts  in  that  industry. 

The  State  I<egislature  of  1856  directed  the  assessors  of  each 
town  to  collect  information  touching  on  various  pursuits  of  the 
inhabitants  for  the  year  ending  June  1,  1855.  The  following 
items  are  taken  from  the  Rehoboth  report: — 

Number  of  horses,  324,  valued  at  $21,329. 

Number  of  oxen  over  three  years  old,  284;  steers  under  three 
years  old,  69;  value  of  oxen  and  steers,  $13,613. 

Milch  cows,  755,  heifers,  163;  value  of  cows  and  heifers,  $25,- 
648. 

Butter,  43,837  lbs.,  valued  at  $1,686.10. 

Honey,  180  lbs.,  valued  at  $36. 

Indian  Com,  754  acres;  average  per  acre,  25  bushels,  valued 
at  $18,660. 

Rye,  195  acri\s;  average  |kt  acre,  9  bushels;  valued  at  $1,785. 

Oats,  279  acres;  average  per  acre,  16|  bushels,  valued  at 
$2,333. 

Potatoes,  306  acres;  average  per  acre,  66  bushels,  valued  at 
$15,135. 

English  mowing,  2,995  acres;  English  hay,  1,946  tons,  valued 
at  $36,028. 

Wet  meadow  or  swale  hay,  982  tons,  valued  at  $8,838. 

Salt  hay,  34  tons,  valued  at  $340. 

Apple-trees  cultivated  for  their  fruit,  12,135;  value  of  fruit, 
$3,850. 

Pear-trees,  140;  value  $75. 

Cranberries,  10  acres;  valued  at  $891. 


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CHAPTER  XI 

NATIVE  TREES 

TiiRBR  centuries  ago,  before  the  white  man's  foot  had  traversed 
the  Indian  trails,  Rehoboth's  ample  territory  was  covered  with 
dense  forests,  including  trees  of  many  kinds,  both  large  and  small, 
with  a  tangled  undergrowth  of  shrubs  and  ferns.  A  carpet  of 
lush  grass,  dainty  moss  and  creeping  evergreens  covered  the  teem- 
ing earth,  while  bright  blooms  of  many  hues,  —  violets,  crowfoots, 
gentians,  orchids  and  myriads  of  others 

"were  born  to  blush  unseen, 
And  waste  their  sweetness  on  the  desert  air." 

For  a  long  time  after  the  town  was  settled,  the  cleared  spaces 
were  small  as  compared  with  the  extensive  woodlands  which  shel- 
tered numerous  game-birds  and  wild  animals.  Up  to  the  middle  of 
the  nineteenth  century,  within  the  town's  present  limits  there  were 
large  areas  abounding  in  oak,  maple,  pine,  birch  and  other  trees, 
while  the  big  swamps  were  filled  with  a  handsome  growth  of 
cedar. 

We  shall  not  attempt  here  to  set  forth  the  complete  flora  of 
Rehoboth,  for  that  in  itself  would  require  a  small  volume,  but 
rather  to  speak  popularly  of  some  of  the  more  interesting  trees 
as  they  are  related  to  the  pleasure  or  profit  of  the  community. 

Realizing  that  the  forests  are  an  important  asset  to  the  people, 
we  would  stimulate  the  interest  of  all  in  conserving  them  as  a  de- 
light to  the  eye,  as  a  means  of  gathering  moisture,  and  for  their 
commercial  value  as  wood  and  timber. 

At  the  end  of  this  chapter  a  list  of  the  native  trees  of  Rehoboth 
will  be  given,  which  is  as  complete  as  our  present  knowledge  can 
make  it. 

In  writing  of  the  trees  we  shall  call  each  by  its  common  name, 
referring  the  reader  to  this  list  for  the  scientific  name.  The  list 
accords  with  the  names  given  in  Gray's  "New  Manual  of  Botany.'* 

It  should  be  borne  in  mind  that  there  is  no  fixed  dividing  line 
between  a  tree  and  a  shrub.  As  a  general  rule,  it  may  be  said  that 
a  tree  must  have  a  single  self-supporting  trunk,  and  be  at  least 
fifteen  feet  high.    In  this  particular  our  list  follows  mainly  the 

If05) 


256  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

excellent  ''Hand-book  of  the  Trees  of  New  England/'  by  Dame 
and  Brooks. 

While  large  quantities  of  wood  and  timber  have  been  cut  off 
within  the  past  twenty-five  years,  there  are  still  left  extensive 
tracts  of  woodland,  some  ready  to  cut  and  some  growing  to  a 
future  harvest,  perhaps  for  the  second  or  third  time.  The  State 
census  of  1905  reported  ll,1141r  acres  of  woodland  in  town. 

A  true  lover  of  nature  riding  over  the  rustic  roads  of  Rehoboth 
in  the  growing  season  cannot  fail  to  be  impressed  with  the  beauty 
and  abundance  of  the  vegetation.  Along  many  waysides  the  soil 
teems  with  a  rich  and  rapid  plant-growth.  Luxuriant  vines  fes- 
toon walls  and  trees  and  adorn  the  banks  of  streams;  the  eastern 
branch  of  Palmer's  River  is  a  perfect  bower  of  beauty  in  its 
course  below  the  site  of  the  Village  mill;  grape-vines,  woodbines, 
clematis  and  even  the  poison  ivy  mount  and  cling  to  the  trees  and 
shrubs,  while  the  river  ripples  and  rushes  on  beneath  their  check- 
ered shade. 

In  many  spots  the  charming  Sumachs  take  on  the  habit  of  trees. 
The  Staghorn  variety,  tall  and  stately,  with  velvety-hairy  bran- 
ches, bearing  unique  clusters  of  reddish  berries  (drupes)  clothed 
with  crimson  hairs,  forms  picturesque  colonies  in  pastures  and 
margins  of  woods. 

The  Dwarf  Sumach  with  its  shiny  leaves,  often  a  small  bush, 
as  on  Cape  Cod,  has  here  tall  and  ample  foliage  and  forms  dense 
wayside  and  pasture  hedges  stretching  onward  for  many  rods, 
often  mingled  with  the  handsome  smooth  variety  (Rlius  glabra)^ 
and  together  very  beautiful. 

Most  delicate  of  all  is  the  Poison  Sumach  of  the  swamps, 
usually  known  as  "Poison  Dogwood,*'  whose  brilliant  autumn 
foliage  is  unsurpassed  in  richness  and  beauty,  which  the  wary  ob- 
server will  admire  at  a  distance. 

Excepting  the  Cedar  of  the  swamps,  the  Oak  is  the  most  widely 
distributed  of  the  native  trees  of  Rehoboth.  Of  this  genus  there 
are  at  least  eight  distinct  species  in  town. 

The  Black  or  Yellow  Oak  is  a  large  tree  fifty  to  eighty  feet  in 
height,  common  and  valuable  for  its  timber.  The  yellow  and  bitter 
inner  bark  is  used  both  for  dyeing  and  tanning.  The  foliage  turns 
a  dull  red-brown  in  autumn. 

Similar  to  the  black  is  the  Scarlet  Oak,  also  quite  common, 
but  differs  mainly  in  the  turning  of  its  bright-green  foliage  into 


NATIVE  TREES  257 

a  flaming  scarlet  in  October,  making  it  the  most  beautiful  oak  of 
the  woods. 

The  largest  of  the  local  oaks  is  tlie  Red  Oak,  "the  monarch  of 
the  forest,"  growing  as  higli  as  eightj'  feet  and  from  two  to  six 
feet  in  diameter.  Its  large  acorns  rest  in  shallow  saucer-shaped 
cups.    It  is  common  except  in  wet  soils. 

The  White  Oak  is  a  magnificent  timber-tree,  unrivaled  in  the 
toughness  and  durability  of  its  wood.  It  is  extremely  valuable 
for  farm  wagons,  handles,  furniture,  and  for  many  uses.  Col. 
Lyndal  Bowen  and  William  Henry  Bowen  were  famous  for  their 
elegant  white  oak  axe-handles  which  were  greatly  in  demand. 
The  supply  of  this  excellent  timber  is  being  rapidly  exhausted. 
There  are,  however,  many  fine  trees  still  growing  in  Rehoboth» 
of  much  value  to  the  owners.    Its  long  acorn  is  sweet  and  edible. 

The  Swamp  White  Oak  is  a  handsome  tree  fifty  to  sixty  feet 
high,  of  rugged  and  picturesque  habit,  with  many  of  the  qualities 
of  the  White  O.ak,  but  somewhat  less  valuable  for  timber.  It  b 
common  in  swampy  land  and  on  the  banks  of  streams.  Many 
fine  trees  of  this  species  grow  on  Manwhague  Plain.  The  aspect 
of  the  tree  is  rough  and  shaggy,  the  bark  dividing  into  large,  flat 
scales.  The  edible  twin-acorns  rest  in  cups  with  pointed  or  fringed 
scales. 

The  Chestnut  Oak^  is  a  tree  of  medium  size,  twenty-five  to  fifty 
feet  high,  distinguished  by  its  leaves,  which  have  a  wavy  margin. 
Its  long  acorn  has  a  deep,  thin  cup;  quite  rare  in  our  local  woods. 

The  Scrub  Oak  is  common  everywhere  in  sandy  or  gravelly 
soil  and  is  apt  to  form  thickets.  It  is  attractive  in  spring  when 
putting  forth  its  fresh  foliage.  Its  wood  is  hard  to  cut  and  of 
slight  value. 

The  Scrub  Chestnut  Oak  often  grows  with  the  Scrub  Oak.  It 
is  a  low,  shrubby  tree,  not  uncommon  in  town  and  of  no  special 
value. 

The  Chestnut  is  a  large,  handsome  tree,  well  known  and  rather 
common  in  our  woods.  Its  excellent  timber  is  prized  for  rail- 
road ties,  telegraph  poles  and  numerous  other  uses.  It  is  greatly 
to  be  regretted  that  a  bark  disease  (Diaporthe  parasUica)  is  de- 
stroying the  species.  The  disease  fastens  on  a  spot  in  the  bark 
of  the  trunk,  then  girdles  the  tree  and  kills  it.  Owners  in  town 
are  beginning  to  cut  and  sell  the  timber.   The  Chestnut  is  doomed. 

^  Reported  by  B.  F.  Munroe. 
17 


258  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Hickory  is  a  term  which  includes  several  closely  allied  species: 
one  yielding  the  sweet  shagbark  or  shellbark  nut;  another  the  infe- 
rior pignut;  and  a  third,  the  mockemut,  so  called  because  its  fruit, 
including  the  husk  and  shell,  is  large  in  comparison  with  the  small, 
pent  kernel,  and  is  thus  a  mocker  promising  more  than  it  fulfills. 
The  three  are  rather  common  in  town,  especially  the  last.  All 
have  a  firm  wood  excellent  for  fuel  and  for  lumber. 

The  Hop  Hornbeam  or  Leverwood  is  a  slender  tree  twenty-five 
to  forty  feet  high,  belonging  to  the  Birch  family.  Its  fruit  resembles 
hop-clusters.  The  white,  firm  wood  is  used  for  levers.  A  few 
trees  grow  in  the  woods  northeast  of  Perryville,  where  the  real 
Hornbeam  is  also  found  sparingly. 

The  Hornbeam,  or  Blue  Beech,  is  a  low,  spreading  tree,  twelve  to 
twenty-five  feet  high,  with  a  trunk-diameter  of  six  to  fifteen  inches. 
It  is  a  tough,  hardy  tree,  sometimes  called  '*ironwood,"  and  grows 
in  low,  wet  grounds,  and  on  the  margins  of  swamps.  Its  bark, 
dark,  bluish-gray  in  color,  resembles  the  Beech.  Not  very  com- 
mon, even  in  the  southeast  part  of  the  town,  where  it  gives  its 
name  slightly  modified  to  the  ''Ilornbine'*  Church  and  School. 
The  town  people  are  wont  to  apply  the  term  ''Hornbeam*'  to 
another  and  larger  tree  which  is  in  fact 

The  Tupelo  (also  called  Sour  Gum  and  Pepperidge).  It  is  a 
graceful  tree  of  medium  size,  whose  abundant  foliage  of  a  dark, 
lustrous  green,  turns  in  early  autumn  to  a  brilliant  crimson. 
The  fruit  is  a  small  sour  drupe.  Its  wood,  although  soft,  is  close- 
grained  and  hard  to  split:  The  tree  is  tmrongly  called  ^^HombeamJ* 
It  belongs  to  the  Cornel  or  Dogwood  family  and  is  therefore 
related  to 

The  Flowering  Dogwood,  a  small,  handsome  tree,  admired  for 
its  snowy  white  blossoms  in  May  or  June,  and  for  the  rich  color- 
ing of  its  foliage  and  fruit  in  autumn,  common  in  the  Rehoboth 
woods,  which  it  brightens  and  adorns. 

The  Birches  are  conspicuous  in  town,  particularly  the  Small 
White  Birch,  which  is  common  everywhere.  The  Yellow  and  Black 
or  Sweet  varieties  are  less  common,  but  are  used  in  part  as  small 
lumber  for  special  purposes. 

The  Mulberry  is  interesting  as  a  survival  from  the  silk  culture  of 
one  hundred  years  ago.  There  are  at  least  two  scattered  colonies 
in  town,  one  near  the  Salisbury  place  in  the  Hunt  neighborhood, 
and  the  other  one  near  the  I.  N.  Allen  place  north  of  Perryville. 


NATIVE  TREES  259 

The  Sossafnis  deserves  ineiition  for  its  graceful  presence  in 
every  part  of  the  town, —  a  tree  of  decided  beauty,  marked  by 
its  rich  yellow  or  red-tinted  foliage  and  fruit  in  autumn,  and  by 
the  aromatic  odor  and  spicy  flavor  of  all  its  parts,  especially  the 
bark  of  the  root.  Though  usually  a  small  tree,  Miss  Mildred  E. 
Bliss  reports  four  trees  in  a  clump  on  the  "River  Meadow"  each 
more  than  thirty  inches  in  circumference. 

The  Swamp  or  Red  Maple  is  abundant  in  our  lowlands  and  is 
beautiful  alike  when  flowering  in  spring  and  ripening  its  leaves 
in  autumn. 

The  Rock  or  Sugar  Maple  is  scarcely  found  outside  the  Rocky 
Hill  area,  whence  some  of  our  finest  shade-trees  have  been  trans- 
planted, as  may  be  seen  in  part  on  the  premises  of  Edwin  Gushing 
and  of  P.  E.  Wilmarth  in  the  Blanding  neighborhood.  In  October 
the  resplendent  foliage  of  this  noble  tree  surpasses  in  bright  colors 
all  other  trees  of  the  forest. 

The  American  Holly  {Ilex  opaca),  often  a  tree  fifteen  to  twenty 
feet  high,  is  found  in  North  Rehoboth,  and  on  the  borders  of  Man- 
whague  Swamp.  On  account  of  its  spiny,  evergreen  foliage  and 
bright  red  berries  it  is  much  prized  for  Christmas  decorations. 

The  Basswood  or  Whitewood  is  very  rare  in  town.  The  writer 
has  seen  specimens  of  it  growing  on  the  slopes  of  Rocky  Hill  and  in 
the  woodlands  north  of  Perry  ville. 

Of  the  cone-bearing  trees  of  Rehoboth,  the  Hemlock,  though 
rare,  is  worthy  of  mention.  Its  great  size  and  extremely  delicate 
foliage  render  it  conspicuous.  The  women  of  the  olden  time 
made  brooms  of  its  silvery  evergreen  sprays,  and  the  boys,  cross- 
bows of  its  brittle  but  elastic  limbs. 

There  is  in  town  no  native  Spruce  or  Fir  or  Larch.  A  few  small 
trees  of  Red  Spruce  have  sprung  up  on  the  C.  F.  Wilmarth  farm 
in  North  Rehoboth,  but  nearly  every  one  has  been  cut  for  a  Christ- 
mas tree.  They  were  not  native,  but  doubtless  started  from  the 
seeds  of  an  ornamental  spruce  on  the  old  Rounds  place  near  by. 
In  like  manner  we  may  account  for  the  few  diminutive  Fir  trees 
growing  in  the  swamp  on  the  B.  F.  Munroe  farm.  They  have  es- 
caped from  cultivation  and  seek  in  vain  to  become  established  in 
this  climate;  whereas  the  White  Pine  and  Cedar  are  at  home  here 
and  grow  naturally. 

The  Red  Cedar,  too,  grows  freely  in  these  pastures  and  uplands. 
On  Great  Meadow  Hill  and  elsewhere  it  mingles  with  hardwood 


260  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOIII 

growths  and  is  rather  common.    Its  wood  is  pale  red  and  aromatic 
and  is  prized  for  posts. 

The  Cedar  (White  Cedar)  is  a  symmetrical  tree  of  medium  sise* 
twenty-five  to  fifty  feet  in  height  and  from  six  inches  to  two  feet 
in  diameter,  with  a  brownish-green  foliage  and  an  aromatic  wood. 
It  formerly  covered  the  town's  immense  swamps  which,  taken 
together,  contain  perhaps  two  thousand  acres.  Large  quantities 
of  this  elegant  timber  have  been  sawed  into  shingles  and  box- 
boards,  and  some  of  it  into  boat-lumber,  as  the  wood  is  light  and 
buoyant.  Within  recent  years  portable  steam-sawmills  have  been 
introduced  and  the  timber  in  and  about  the  great  Manwhague 
Swamp  has  nearly  all  been  harvested. 

In  1910-13  Joseph  Lunan  &  Sons  of  P^all  River  operated  their 
mill  on  the  border  of  this  swamp  and  built  a  corduroy  road  into 
its  midst,  cutting  off  not  only  the  vast  cedar  supply,  but  also  tlie 
magnificent  pine  timber  in  the  near-by  forests,  along  witli  consider- 
able quantities  of  oak  and  maple. 

The  ordinary  method  of  securing  cedar  is  to  cut  and  haul  it 
from  the  swamps  while  the  ground  is  frozen.  There  are  still 
left  many  acres  of  this  fine  timber  in  the  northern  or  Squannakonk 
Swamp,  as  well  as  large  areas  still  uncut  in  the  swamps  of  North 
Rehoboth,  along  the  Meadow  Hill  Brook,  through  C.  F.  Wil- 
marth's  land  and  northward. 

Above  Stevens'  Corner,  and  running  up  into  Norton  and  At- 
tleborough,  is  a  cedar  swamp  of  some  four  hundred  acres,  one 
hundred  acres  of  which  is  said  to  belong  to  Rehoboth  and  is  owned 
by  numerous  parties  in  small  lots.  In  all  these  swamps  there 
are  many  small  trees  growing  along  with  the  larger  timber  trees, 
which  are  in  demand  for  oyster-poles.  These  bring  a  good  price: 
e.  g.,  Mr.  Wilmarth  recently  sold  standing,  eight  hundred  poles  at 
twenty  cents  each. 

It  is  remarkable  that  when  the  cedars  are  harvested,  as  in  Man- 
whague Swamp,  there  si)rings  up  a  growth  of  Red  Maple  with  a 
mere  scattering  of  pines  and  cedars.  What  is  the  cause  of  this? 
One  theory  is  that  the  seeds  which  come  up  have  been  lying  dor- 
mant for  many  years  and  are  now  favored  by  the  changed  con- 
ditions. Another  theory  is  that  the  birds  and  winds  carry  the  seeds 
from  outside,  which  are  now  free  to  grow.  Still  another  theory 
is  that  seeds  may  be  and  are  spontaneously  produced.  We  leave 
the  problem  for  our  readers  to  think  about  and  discuss,  only  sug- 


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NATIVE  TREES  261 

gesting  that  the  skeptical  should  take  a  tramp  through  the 
southern  end  of  Manwiiague  Swamp. 

The  White  Pine  is  a  stately  conifer  from  fifty  to  eighty  feet 
high  and  from  two  to  four  feet  in  diameter.  The  foliage  needles 
are  in  clusters  of  five,  and  in  color  a  soft  bluish-green.  Not  count- 
ing the  cellar,  the  pine  has  been  the  chief  timber  tree  of  tlie  town, 
much  of  it  having  l^een  made  into  box-boards.  Within  twenty- 
five  or  thirty  years  there  were  extensive  pine  woods  in  Rehoboth, 
especially  in  the  south  end  of  the  town,  but  tlie  portable  sawmills 
have  laid  them  low.  In  the  years  1887-9,  James  Smellie  of  Fall 
River  ran  a  three-fold  mill,  for  shingles,  long  boards  and  box- 
boards,  anil  harvested  large  areas  of  choice  pine  in  South  Reho- 
both.  Later,  Alfred  Moore  of  Providence  stripped  the  "Mason 
lot"  and  tlie  enormous  pine-bearing  tract  in  the  vicinity  of  Devil's 
Pond.  In  1913,  Hugh  A.  Smith  of  Attleborough  harvested  the 
Munroe  lot  of  one  hundred  and  ten  acres,  north  of  Perryville, 
and  also  the  Marcus  Round  and  other  lots,  containing  much  hard- 
wood, but  also  considerable  pine.  Thus  have  the  noble  pine  forests 
of  Rehobotli  disappeared.  Will  they  grow  again?  Not  as  ex- 
tensively SIS  before :  for  one  thing,  because  more  land  is  being 
cultivated.  To  make  sure  of  future  growths  of  pine  the  trees 
must  be  planted. 

We  are  glad  to  direct  the  reader's  attention  to  the  pine  woods 
on  the  Christopher  Carpenter  farm,  half  a  mile  north  of  the  Vil- 
lage, lliis  grove,  containing  seven  acres,  was  set  out  in  1860.  The 
trees  are  in  regular  rows  ten  or  twelve  feet  apart  each  way.  They 
now,  after  a  growth  of  fifty -seven  years,  average  fifty  feet  in 
height  and  contain,  according  to  the  State  Forester's  estimate, 
306,570  board  feet.  The  grove  is  impressive  by  its  size  and  stateli- 
ness  and  merits  its  designation  as  the  "Cathedral  Woods."  There 
are  scores  if  not  hundreds  of  acres  of  land  in  Rehoboth  which 
might  be  profitably  planted  with  pines,  including  a  considerable 
part  of  the  ministerial  farm.  Forty  years  hence  such  trees  would 
be  a  valuable  asset  for  their  beauty  as  well  as  for  their  worth  in 
money.  "The  planter  of  the  present  day,"  says  the  State  Forester, 
"can  assume  that  he  is  investing  for  a  10%  or  12%  return."* 

There  is  a  growing  interest  throughout  the  State  in  the  pres- 

'A  fiiseane  known  as  the  White  Pine  Blister  Rust  threatens  the  destruction 
of  all  the  white  pines.  It  has  not  yet  been  discovered  in  Rehoboth  and  may 
be  avoided  by  destroying  all  currant  and  gooseberry  bushes  which  first  take 
the  disease  and  communicate  it  to  the  pines. 


262  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

ervation  of  our  forests,  whose  enemies  are  fire  and  moths.  Hitherto 
the  moths  have  done  little  if  any  damage  in  Rehoboth. 

In  accordance  with  legislative  acts  of  1011»  a  State  fire-warden 
was  appointed  with  district  deputies  to  supervise  the  work  of  the 
town  wardens.  The  smaller  towns  have  been  provided  with  a 
fire-fighting  apparatus  costing  }500.00»  for  which  they  pay  one- 
half  the  expense;  and  a  system  of  watch-towers  has  been  instituted 
for  the  early  detection  of  fires.  One  of  these  towers,  of  which  there 
are  nineteen  in  the  state,  rises  from  the  summit  of  Great  Meadow 
Hill,  which  has  an  elevation  of  263  feet,  the  highest  in  town.  This 
tower  is  forty  feet  high  and  commands  a  view  of  Rehoboth  and, 
in  part,  of  the  surrounding  towns.  A  road  runs  over  the  hill 
past  the  tower,  passable  for  wagons,  but  rough  with  stones.  An 
observer  is  on  duty  every  day  from  March  to  November  inclusive, 
who  is  paid  $60.00  a  month.  When  a  fire  breaks  out  he  locates 
it  by  the  help  of  a  disk  marked  with  the  points  of  the  com- 
pass, and  phones  the  local  fire-warden  or  a  deputy.  The  present 
town  warden  is  Benj.  F.  Munroe,  and  the  observer  is  Joseph 
Zilch.  The  town  in  which  the  fire  occurs  bears  the  expense  of 
fighting  it.  Neighboring  towns  aided  the  state  in  building  the 
tower,  —  Rehoboth,  Taunton  and  Attleborough  contributing 
$100.00  each  and  Norton  $50.00.^ 

Modem  forestry  shows,  —  although  the  custom  is  centuries  old 
in  Germany,  —  that  forests  can  be  kept  growing  indefinitely  and 
yield  a  steady  profit  to  the  owners  by  cutting  off  from  time  to 
time  the  mature  trees,  leaving  the  younger  to  grow  in  their  turn 
to  the  harvest. 

A  sound  financial  policy  wisely  applied  would  protect  our  trees 
from  careless  destruction;  but  too  often  a  narrow  greed  of  gain 
causes  a  senseless  waste  of  tree-life  with  scarcely  an  adverse 
thought  on  the  part  of  the  owners  or  lumbermen,  whose  sole 
aim  is  the  coveted  dollar  or  its  equivalent. 

In  view  of  this  tendency  we  would  lay  special  emphasis  on  the 
aesthetic  value  of  trees  and  woodlands  in  a  town.  The  living  tree 
is  Nature's  symbol  of  strength  and  beauty.  "And  he  shall  be 
like  a  tree  planted  by  the  streams  of  water.*'  To  look  daily  upon 
beautiful  trees  is  to  have  their  beauty  reflected  in  our  lives  and  to 
take  on  a  certain  ruggedness  of  character.    Our  forests  should  be 

^  There  were  two  annoying  fires  south  of  Rehoboth  Village  in  Octobert 
191G. 


NATIVE  TREES  263 

taxed  low  enough  to  encourage  the  owners  to  spare  and  enjoy 
them.  This  idea  of  proper  conservation  should  be  drilled  into  the 
minds  of  our  children.  The  poetic  sentiment  of  "Woodman* 
spare  that  tree'*  would  make  our  people  richer  in  the  love  of  nature 
and  of  the  Great  Author  of  nature. 

"My  heartstrings  round  thee  cling 

Close  as  thy  bark,  old  friend! 
Here  shall  the  wild  bird  sing, 

And  still  thy  branches  bend. 
Old  tree!  the  storm  still  brave! 

And  woodman,  leave  the  spot, — 
While  I've  a  hand  to  save. 

Thy  axe  shall  hurt  it  not." 

A  List  of  Rehoboth  Trees 

Abies  baUamea,  (L.),  Mill.     Fir;  Balsam  fir. 

Chamaecyparis  thymdes^  (L.)  B.  S.  P.     Cedar;  White  cedar. 

Juniperus  virginiana^  L.     Red  cedar. 

Pinus  rigiday  Mill.    Fitch  pine;  Hard  pine. 

Pinus  Sirobus,  L.     White  pine. 

Tauga  canadensis^  (L.)  Carr.     Hemlock. 

Populus  candicans.  Ait.     Balm  of  Gilead. 

Popvlus  grandidentata,  Michx.     Large-toothed  aspen. 

Populus  iremuloides^  Michx.     American  aspen. 

Salix  alba^  var.  viteUina,  (L.)  Koch.     White  willow. 

Salix  discolor^  Muhl.     Pussy-willow. 

Carya  cdba,  (L.)  K.  Koch.     Mocker-nut;  White-heart  hickory. 

Carya  glabra^  (Mill.)  Spach.     Pignut  hickory. 

Carya  ovata,  (Mill.)  K.  Koch.    Shagbark  hickory. 

Juglans  cinerea,  L.  Butternut. 

Betula  lenta,  L.     Black  birch;  Cherry  birch. 

Betula  luieay  Michx.  f.     Yellow  birch. 

Betula  populifolia^  Marsh.     Small  white  birch;  Gray  birch. 

Carpinus  caroliniana,  Walt.    Hornbeam;  Blue  or  Water  beech. 

Ostrya  virginiana,  (Mill.),  K.  Koch.     Hop  hornbeam;   Ironwood; 

Leverwood. 
Castanea  dentata,  (Marsh.)  Borkh.     Chestnut. 
Fagus  grandifolia,  Ehrh.     Beech. 
Quercus  alba^  L.     White  oak. 
Quercus  bicolor,  Willd.     Swamp  white  oak. 
Quercus  coccinea^  Muench.     Scarlet  oak. 
Quercus  ilicifolia,  Wang.     Scrub  oak. 
Quercus  prinoides^  Willd.     Scrub  chestnut  oak. 
Quercus  prinus,  L.    Chestnut  oak.    (Reported  by  B.  F.  Munroe). 
Quercus  rubra,  L.    Red  oak. 
Quercus  velutina.  Lam.     Black  oak;  Yellow  oak. 


264  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Morus  rubra^  L.  Mulberry  (introduced). 

Ulmus  americana^  L.    American  elm. 

Sassafras  variifclium^  (Salisb.)  Ktse.    Sassafras. 

Hamamelis  mrginiana^  L.    Witch-hazel. 

Plaianus  occidentalism  L.     Buttonwood;  Sycamore. 

Amalanchier  canadensis,  (L.),  Medic.    Shadbush;  Juneberry. 

Crataegus,  L.    Hawthorn. 

Prunus  pennsylvanica,  L.  f.    Wild  red  cherry;  Pin  cherry. 

Prunus  serotina,  Ehrh.     Black  cherry;  Rum  cherry. 

Prunus  virginiana,  L.     Chokeberry. 

Oleditsia  iriacanthos,  L.    Honey  locust  (introduced). 

Robinia  Pseudo-Acacia,  L.     Common  locust. 

Rhus  copallina,  L.    Dwarf  sumac. 

Rhus  glabra,  L.    Smooth  sumac. 

Rhus  typhina,  L.    Staghorn  sumac. 

Rhus  vemix,  L.    Poison  sumac;  Poison  dogwood. 

Ilex  opaca.  Ait.    American  holly. 

Acer  rubrum,  L.     Red  maple;  Swamp  maple. 

Acer  saccharum.  Marsh.    Kock  maple;  Sugar  maple. 

Tilia  americana,  L.     Basswood;  Whitewood;  Linden. 

Comus  altemifolia,  L.  f.     Green  osier;  Dogwood. 

Comusflorida,  L.    Flowering  dogwood. 

Nyssa  sylvatica.  Marsh.    Tupelo;  Sour  gum;  Pepperidge. 

Fraxinus  americana,  L.     White  ash. 

Fraxinus  nigra.  Marsh.    Black  ash. 

Viburnum  lentago,  L.    Sheep-berry. 


CHAPTER  XII 

REHOBOTH  MANUFACTURES 

THE  REHOBOTH  UNION  MANUFACTURING  COMPANY 

This  Company  was  formed  at  Rehoboth  Village  Aug.  24,  1809, 
consisting  of  Richard  Golf,  Dexter  Wheeler,  and  the  four  sons 
of  Col.  Thomas  Carpenter,  —  Stephen,  Thomas,  James  and  Peter. 
Col.  Thomas  had  bought  the  privilege  of  the  brothers  Abraham 
and  Eleazer  Bliss  who  for  many  years  had  owned  and  operated  a 
sawmill  and  gristmill  at  Bliss's  Mill,  known  later  as  Rehoboth 
Village.^  The  Company  erected  its  cotton-mill  here  in  1809 
and  equipped  it  with  360  spindles.  It  employed  fourteen  hands 
in  the  manufacture  of  cotton  yarn,  which  was  colored  at  a 
dye-house  near  by.  Most  of  the  mill-hands  were  farmers* 
daughters  who  lived  in  the  town.  The  yarn  was  then  put  out 
into  families  of  the  neighborhood  to  be  woven  by  hand  into  cloth. 
The  women  received  six  cents  a  yard,  and  for  striped  ginghams  as 
high  as  twelve  cents,  and  averaged  ten  or  twelve  yards  a  day. 
Some  of  the  cloth  was  sold  to  families  for  home  use,  but  most  of 
it  found  a  market  in  New  York  City.  During  the  embargo  of 
1812,  the  goods  had  to  be  carted  to  New  York,  the  teams  taking 
the  cloth  from  the  mill  and  returning  with  West  India  goods. 
The  Company  had  a  store  in  the  basement  from  which  the  work- 
men were  paid  in  part  for  their  labor.  Its  first  agent  was 
James  Carpenter;  after  him  came  David  Anthony  of  Fall  River, 
Edward  Mason  of  Swansea  and  William  Marvel  2d,  who  moved 
to  Rehoboth  in  1829  and  held  the  position  until  the  Company  sold 
out  in  November,  1835,  to  Nelson  and  Darius  GoflF. 

The  new  firm  began  at  once  to  make  cotton  batting.  They  also 
manufactured  wadding  in  a  small  mill  further  up  the  stream^ 
which  Richard  Golf  had  used  even  before  1776  for  fulling  and 
dressing  cloth.    The  goods  were  shipped  on  board  a  sloop  in  Prov- 

*  They  were  sons*  of  Abraham  Bliss*,  "the  miller/'  son  of  Samuel*,  son  of 
Jonathan*  (and  Miriam  Carpenter),  son  of  Jonathan*  (and  Sarah  Bliss),  son 
of  ThoraasS  a  first  settler  in  town.  Jonathan*  settled  at  Palmer's  River  and 
one  branch  of  his  descendants  bought  the  mill  privilege  which  came  to  be 
known  as  "Bliss's  Mill."  The  Bliss  homestead  was  near  the  present  Post 
Office,  and  the  farm  embraced  most  of  the  village  area  and  the  Marvel  meadow 
lying  to  the  westward. 

iMal 


266  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

idence  under  Captain  Spellman  and  taken  to  Albany,  and  a  por- 
tion of  them  thence  by  canal  to  Buffalo.  In  the  financial  crista 
of  1837,  Darius  Goff  took  a  cargo  of  *'bats"  to  Albany  and  be- 
yond, for  which  he  was  obliged  to  take  New  York  money  in  pay- 
ment and  then  pay  a  premium  of  eight  or  ten  per  cent  for  New 
England  money. 

In  1839,  E.  A.  Brown  came  to  Rehoboth  Village,  and  in  1842 
bought  out  Nelson  Goff 's  interest,  and  the  new  firm,  Goff  &  Brown, 
in  addition  to  the  manufacture  of  batting,  started  the  business 
of  making  ball  and  carpet  twine.  In  March,  1846,  the  wadding- 
mill  was  burned  and  Mr.  Goff  soon  after  moved  to  Pawtucket, 
giving  his  attention  to  the  cotton-waste  business  and  planning 
for  a  large  wadding  plant.  Mr.  Brown  thus  had  the  complete 
management  of  the  Rehoboth  mill,  and  improved  its  equipment 
at  large  expense.  He  installed  a  turbine  wheel  costing  $1,000, 
a  twenty-five  horse-power  engine,  and  White's  patent  apparatus 
for  illuminating  buildings,  for  which  he  paid  $5,000.  The  Com- 
pany employed  twenty-five  hands,  half  of  them  women,  who  spun, 
twisted  and  wound  the  twine.  The  women  earned  $3.00  a  week 
and  the  men  $5.00. 

For  a  few  years  goods  were  in  demand,  the  sales  averaging 
about  $60,000  annually.  In  the  year  1863  the  Company  is  said 
to  have  cleared  $13,000;  but  this  was  more  than  offset  by  the 
heavy  losses  which  followed.  After  1867  the  property  changed 
owners  frequently.  In  1868,  Goff  &  Brown  deeded  the  property 
to  John  D.  Cranston  and  Mr.  Brown  went  into  bankruptcy.  The 
property  was  then  sold  to  Darius  Goff,  who  took  John  C.  Marvel 
into  partnership  with  him  on  a  one-fourth  interest.  Mr.  Marvel 
managed  the  business  for  about  three  years,  but  the  firm  lost 
heavily  on  account  of  failures  in  New  York.  In  November,  1870, 
Goff  &  Marvel  deeded  the  privilege  to  William  W.  Johnston,  who 
immediately  mortgaged  it  back.  In  1875  the  firm  foreclosed, 
leaving  Mr.  Johnston  bankrupt  with  George  N.  Goff  as  assignee. 

The  title  again  being  vested  in  Goff  &  Marvel,  they  sold  out 
to  Hargraves  Heap,  who  did  a  good  business,  but  having  other 
plans,  deeded  the  property  in  1879  to  William  H.  Bowen,  who 
sold  it  to  Charles  F.  Easton,  reserving  the  old  wadding-mill 
privilege,  where  he  established  a  grist-mill.  This  property  is 
now  owned  by  Mrs.  Emily  Bowen  Horton.  The  Village  mill 
property  finally,  in  1887,  came  into  the  hands  of  John  C.  Marvel, 


REHOBOTH  MANUFACTURES  267 

and  remained  idle  until,  in  1898,  he  sold  the  privilege  to  J.  F. 
Shaw  &  Co.,  builders  of  the  electric  railway  which  ran  through 
the  property,  and  was  operated  by  what  is  now  the  Bay  State 
Street  Railway  Company.  In  the  same  year  the  old  mill  was 
torn  down  and  its  lumber  removed. 

In  the  fall  and  winter  of  1837-8  the  "Bad  Luck  Reservoir"  was 
built  by  Nelson  and  Darius  Goff,  representing  the  Village  Company, 
in  co-operation  with  Benjamin  Peck,  who  acted  for  the  Orleans 
Company.  In  this  enterprise  Nelson  GoflT  was  the  chief  financial 
factor.  The  dam  was  built  on  the  site  of  an  ancient  dam  con- 
structed for  a  sawmill  which  stood  a  short  distance  below.  The 
land  of  the  reservoir  was  purchased  of  Valentine  Horton  at  $25.00 
an  acre.    Much  of  the  adjoining  land  has  belonged  to  the  Keltons. 

On  the  24  th  of  June,  1859,  very  early  in  the  morning,  the  dam 
broke  away  and  the  whole  body  of  water  poured  forth,  sweeping 
everything  before  it.  Trees  were  uprooted,  four  bridges  carried 
away,  costing  the  town  $600.00  to  rebuild  them.  The  noise  was 
heard  for  miles  away.  The  Village  mill  was  undermined  and  the 
machine  shop  and  tools  carried  off. 

THE  ORLEANS  MANUFACTURING  COMPANY 

The  Orleans  Mill  Privilege  is  situated  on  Palmer's  River  in 
the  southwest  part  of  the  town.  It  is  about  six  miles  from  Warren 
and  seven  from  Providence,  R.I.  As  early  as  1662  a  grist-mill  was 
erected  near  the  spot  where  the  road  now  crosses  the  upper  end 
of  the  present  pond.  Subsequently  it  was  removed  farther  down 
the  stream  to  the  site  of  the  Orleans  mill.  This  was  only  a  six 
months*  privilege,  the  water  being  drawn  off  during  the  summer  for 
the  sake  of  the  grass  on  the  meadows.  This  mill,  or  others  in  its 
place,  was  doubtless  patroniased  by  the  neighboring  settlers  for 
nearly  a  hundred  and  fifty  years,  or  until  1810,  when  a  project 
was  started  for  erecting  a  cotton-mill  to  manufacture  yarn.  A 
company  was  formed  consisting  of  Asa  Bullock,  Barnard  Wheeler» 
Capt.  Israel  Nichols,  William  Blanding,  and  others  of  Rehoboth; 
Thomas  Church,  John  Howe,  and  Capt.  Benjamin  Norris.  of 
Bristol;  and  Richmond  Bullock  of  Providence. 

Having  secured,  through  Mr.  Asa  Bullock,  the  necessary  prop- 
erty and  the  annual  right  of  flowage,  they  formed  a  partnership 
to  date  from  the  20th  day  of  September,  1810,  to  continue  tea 
years.    The  amount  paid  for  the  property  was  $5,765,  and  th 


268  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

shares  were  fixed  at  $400  each.  The  mill  was  completed  and  put 
in  operation  in  1811.  This  was  more  than  two  years  before  the 
building  of  the  old  "White"  and  *Troy"  mills  of  Fall  River. 
Three  other  mills  had  already  been  built  in  this  vicinity  —  that 
at  Swansea  Factory  about  1806,  one  atRehoboth  Village  in  1809, 
and  the  "Old  Central"  in  what  is  now  Seekonk,  in  1810.  They 
all  manufactured  immber  twelve  yam,  which  was  put  out  among 
the  surrounding  families  to  be  woven  by  hand,  the  power-loom 
not  having  been  then  introduced. 

This  new  company  proposed  to  make  finer  yarn,  number  six- 
teen, and  styled  themselves  the  Palmer's  River  Manufacturing 
Company.  They  do  not  appear  to  have  lieen  very  successful  in 
business,  for  although  they  retained  possession  of  the  property 
till  1822,  it  was  leased  for  several  years  to  Mr.  Nathan  Sweetland. 
At  this  time  the  machinery'  was  crude.  The  (*otton  was  parcelled 
out  among  the  farmers  to  be  beaten  with  sticks  to  remove  the  dirt, 
then  picked  by  hand,  then  spread  upon  the  cards  separately  by 
children,  then  transferred  from  the  lap-roil  to  the  "can-frame." 
In  1822  a  commission  was  chosen  consisting  of  three  of  the  Com- 
pany to  dispose  of  the  property,  and  it  was  sold  to  the  brothers 
Nathaniel  and  Ebenezer  Ide  of  Attleborough  for  $5,000.  Whether 
looms  had  been  introduced  previous  to  this  sale  is  not  certainly 
known,  but  the  Ide  Brothers  manufactured  cloth.  Becoming  em- 
barrassed through  ill  success  in  1824,  they  mortgaged  the  property 
to  Abraham  and  Isaac  Wilkinson  of  Pawtueket  for  $10,000.  In 
1826  they  made  an  assignment  to  Isaac  Wilkinson  and  the  property 
was  sold,  —  David  Wilkinson  purchasing  the  real  estate,  and  A. 
and  I.  Wilkinson  the  personal  property,  which  they  removed 
from  the  mill.  The  question  arose  with  reference  to  an  oaken 
cloth-press,  whether  it  was  real  or  p>ersonal  property,  and  being 
submitted  to  a  lawyer  he  decided  that  if  it  was  secured  to  the 
building  at  the  top  and  bottom  it  would  be  held  with  the  mill; 
and  as  this  was  the  case  it  remained. 

In  the  fall  of  1825  a  new  company  was  formed  by  David  Wil- 
kinson, Joseph  Tomkins  and  others,  who  proposed  to  manufacture 
woolens  under  the  name  of  the  Rehoboth  Woolen  Company.  A 
new  building  was  erected  for  a  dye-house,  and  other  necessary 
arrangements  were  made  for  the  business.  In  1826  the  only  mem- 
ber of  the  firm  who  understood  the  business,  Mr.  Thomas  H. 
Stafford,  died  and  the  project   was   abandoned.       During   this 


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REHOBOTH  M^VNUFACTURES  269 

same  year  a  new  firm  was  established  to  be  known  as  the  Orleans 
Cotton  Manufacturing  Company,  consisting  of  David  Wilkinson 
and  Co.  and  Mr.  Benjamin  Peck.  This  firm,  among  the  first  to 
use  "mules"  for  spinning,  made  very  fine  goods  for  calico  print- 
ing from  number  forty  yarn,  using  the  New  Orleans  cottons, 
hence  the  name  of  the  company.  In  1829  the  firm  failed  and  made 
an  assignment  to  Thomas  Burgess,  Esq.,  who  leased  the  mill  for 
one  year  to  Crawford  Allen.  It  was  then  sold  to  Mr.  Benjamin 
Peck,  who  subsequently  took  into  partnership  with  him  James 
II.  Mumford  of  Rehoboth,  Asa  Pierce,  Esq.,  of  Providence,  and 
others.  In  November,  1831,*  the  mill  was  totally  destroyed  by 
fire  except  twelve  looms  and  a  few  cards  which  were  removed. 
It  was  rebuilt  of  stone  the  following  year,  72  ft.  by  40  ft.,  two 
stories  high  with  attic  and  basement  stories,  and  contained  sixty 
looms  employing  about  twenty-five  hands.  Mr.  Peck  owned  one- 
half  the  property  and  operated  the  mill  (after  1843)  on  contract, 
till  18G1,  when  the  Civil  War  broke  out  and  business  was  susfiended 
and  was  never  resumed  by  that  company.  When  Mr.  Peck  came 
to  South  Rehoboth  in  182G,  he  was  accompanied  by  Dea.  Eleazer 
A.  Brown,  who  had  been  with  him  in  mill- work  at  Smithfield, 
R.I.,  and  remained  as  overseer  in  the  carding-room  until  1836. 
During  a  i)art  of  this  time  Amos  D.  Ix>ckwood,  a  young  man  from. 
Providence,  was  receiving  his  first  lessons  in  manufacturing  at 
the  Orleans  mill.  lie  developed  unusual  skill  in  mechanics  and 
was  placed  in  charge  of  the  weaving  room.  He  afterwards  be- 
came a  wealthy  manufacturer. 

It  is  worthy  of  mention,  too,  that  John  C.  Marvel  came  from  the 
Village  and  took  charge  of  the  factory  store  for  a  time. 

In  1865,  David  S.  Harris  of  Providence  purchased  a  controlling 
interest  in  the  property,  Mr.  Peck  retaining  one-fourth,  and  prep- 
arations were  made  for  resuming  business.  Before  these  arrange- 
ments were  complete  the  property  was  sold  to  Nathaniel  G. 
Guild,  who  at  once  began  to  enlarge  the  mill,  putting  in  new  looms, 
self-operating  mules,  auxiliary  steam-power,  apparatus  for  heating 
by  steam,  etc.  Mr.  Guild  continued  to  manufacture  print-cloths 
until  1869,  when  he  removed  the  looms  and  made  important 
changes  in  the  machinery  for  the  manufacture  of  thread.  This 
business  soon  after  declined,  and  attention  was  turned  to  hosiery, 
and  this  was  the  principal  article  manufactured  until  1874,  when 

'The  date  given  by  Wm.  L.  King,  son-in-law  of  Benjamin  Peck. 


270  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Mr.  Guild  suspended  business.  The  mill  remained  idle  till  1875» 
when  the  property  was  sold  to  the  Cutler  Manufacturing  Com- 
pany of  Warren,  R.I.,  Capt.  Charles  R.  Cutler,  treasurer,  which 
still  made  a  specialty  of  hosiery  yam,  turning  out  about  5,000 
lbs.  weekly.  The  building  at  this  time  consisted  of  a  one-story 
factory  40  by  80  feet  for  mules,  an  engine-house,  a  large  storage 
building  with  capacity  for  storing  300  bales  of  cotton,  an  office 
and  packing  room,  all  substantial  buildings  of  stone.  It  was 
equipped  with  first-class  machinery,  and  under  the  efficient  super- 
intendence of  Mr.  G.  C.  Hutchins.  This  factory  was  burned  on 
Wednesday  morning,  March  5,  1884,  doubtless  the  work  of  an 
incendiary.  The  loss  was  estimated  at  $20,000,  fully  insured. 
Only  the  stone  walls  were  left  standing,  and  these  ruins  con- 
tinued to  stand  through  the  years  a  sombre  blot  on  the  land- 
scape, until  within  the  last  few  years,  when  most  of  the  rubbish 
has  been  removed. 

In  March,  1911,  the  Bristol  and  Warren  Water- Works,  finding 
the  water-supply  of  these  cities  inadequate,  bought  the  Orleans 
Mills  property  of  Kandar  Kandarian.  The  purchase  included 
land  lying  around  the  old  dam,  the  flowage  rights,  most  of  which 
were  acquired  as  far  back  as  1828  or  earlier,  and  an  undivided 
one-half  interest  in  the  reservoir  on  Bad  Luck  Brook,  as  well 
as  many  acres  of  adjacent  land.  The  dam  at  Orleans  Mills  was 
rebuilt  to  its  former  height  and  an  eighteen-incb  pipe  was  laid 
following  the  east  bank  of  Palmer's  River  to  the  company's  res- 
ervoir in  Warren. 

Since  the  first  week  in  September,  1912,  water  has  been  flowing 
by  gravity  through  this  pipe  from  the  reservoir  at  Orleans  Factory 
to  the  Warren  reservoir,  at  the  rate  of  about  one  million  gallons 
per  twenty-four  hours.  The  dam  at  Bad  Luck  Brook  was  found 
to  be  in  a  very  dangerous  condition,  and  in  1913  it  was  entirely 
rebuilt  at  an  expense  of  about  $30,000. 

Note 

This  locality  is  often  called  Shad  Factory,  being  at  Uie  head 
of  tide-water,  where  large  shoals  of  shad  and  herring  were  wont 
to  come  up  the  river  in  the  spring  to  spawn.  The  herring  would 
come  in  large  quantities  over  tlie  old  dam  as  far  as  Rehoboth 
Village,  and  sometimes  shad  would  be  seen  above  the  dam.  At 
the  right  time  some  of  the  men  of  the  town  who  enjoyed  the  sport 


REHOBOTH  MANUFACTURES  271 

would  proceed  to  the  river  with  their  nets  to  catch  the  shad;  in 
some  instances  they  would  salt  them  for  future  use.  As  they 
were  not  allowed  to  cast  their  nets  until  sunset,  there  was  a  rush 
to  secure  the  best  places.  After  a  time  the  town  was  accustomed 
to  sell  the  right  to  the  highest  bidder.  In  recent  years,  on  account 
of  so  many  traps  set  further  down  the  river,  few  shad  have  come 
up  so  far,  and  the  interest  has  declined. 

PERRYVILLE 

The  old  Perry  homestead,  where  Ezra  Perry  and  his  descendants 
lived,  was  located  on  what  is  now  Ash  Street  near  the  source  of  the 
Perry  Stream,  which  is  the  west  branch  of  Palmer's  River.  Three- 
fourths  of  a  mile  further  north,  on  a  small  tributary,  Ezra  Perry 
manufactured  the  first  bobbins  for  cotton  factories  in  the  country. 
They  were  used  at  the  Slater  Mill  in  Pawtucket  and  later  at 
other  mills.  His  son  Ezra,  Jr.,  known  as  Dca.  Ezra,  had  six  sons, 
and  together  they  ran  a  saw-mill  on  Ash  Street,  with  a  blacksmith 
shop  in  the  basement  and  a  turning  shop  in  the  upper  part  where 
many  bobbins  were  turned. 

In  1831,  Daniel,  one  of  the  sons,  came  down  the  stream  about 
a  mile  and  a  half  and  bought  a  farm  in  what  is  now  Perryville. 
On  this  part  of  the  stream  a  turning  shop  had  been  erected  about 
1820  by  Cyrel  Bullock,  son-in-law  of  Dea.  Ezra  Perry,  who  car- 
ried on  a  small  business  here  for  several  years. 

Soon  after  Daniel  Perry  settled  here  he  started  the  turning 
business  for  himself,  while  the  brothers  Otis  and  William  continued 
the  business  at  the  old  place  until  about  1840,  when  Otis  came 
down  the  stream  and  bought  a  part  of  the  water  privilege  and 
buildings  of  Daniel  and  each  operated  a  turning  shop.  A  few 
years  later  they  started  a  grist-mill.  Meanwhile  William  con- 
tinued business  at  the  old  mill  until  1850,  when  Dea.  Ezra  Perry 
died  and  the  homestead  soon  came  into  possession  of  Stephen 
Perry,  another  branch  of  the  family. 

At  about  this  time  Otis  at  Perryville  bought  out  his  brother 
Daniel's  interest  and  built  a  sawmill  which  is  still  in  operation. 

About  1825,  James  Perry,  also  a  son  of  Dea.  Ezra,  had  come  to 
the  place  and  built  the  house  in  which  Charles  Perry  now  resides. 
In  about  1850  his  son  James  H.  started  to  make  tool-handles, 
first  in  the  basement  of  the  old  mill,  then  in  the  old  building  Cyrd 
Bullock  had  used,  and  in  1859  he  built  a  new  turning  shop  still 


272  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTII 

further  down  the  stream.  In  18G5  Charles  Perry  bought  a  half- 
interest  in  the  business  and  the  firm-name  was  James  H.  Perry 
&  Co.  They  manufactured  a  large  variety  of  goods  such  as  butter- 
molds,  rolling-pins»  chisel-  and  auger-handles,  brush-handles, 
mallets  and  mauls  from  lignum-vitae  and  hickory,  ice-picks, 
horse-rackets,  threshing-flails,  etc. 

In  1871  Charles  Perry  became  sole  owner,  and  the  following 
year  sold  a  half  interest  to  Edwin  Perry,  and  the  firm-name  be- 
came Charles  Perry  &  Co.  After  1890  it  was  the  Charles  Perry 
Mfg.  Co.,  and  in  1892  Mr.  Perr>'  withdrew  from  the  concern, 
which  soon  went  out  of  business  and  has  since  owned  and  operated 
the  sawmill  and  gristmill. 

SOME   LESSER  MANUFACTURES 

In  addition  to  the  industries  of  the  Orleans  factory,  Rehoboth 
Village  and  Perryviile,  there  were  numerous  smaller  enterprises 
carried  on  for  the  most  part  by  individuals.  Here  and  there  were 
small  shops  where  coopering  was  done,  or  where  the  wheelwright, 
or  the  shoemaker,  or  the  blacksmith  plied  his  trade.  The  cobbler 
would  sometimes  have  a  work-room  in  his  own  house. 

As  Perryviile  had  its  manufactures  on  the  West  Branch  of  Pal- 
mer's River,  so  there  were  also  industries  established  at  an  early 
period  on  the  East  Branch  of  the  same  stream. 

Not  far  from  the  rise  of  this  stream  near  Great  Meadow  Hill, 
the  Pecks  had  an  iron-forging  plant  before  the  middle  of  the  eigh- 
teenth century.  This  enterprise  was  founded  by  Ebenezer  Peck, 
who  was  born  in  1697.  He  was  the  eldest  son  of  Jathniel  Peck, 
one  of  the  first  settlers  at  Palmer's  River.  The  iron  ore  was 
brought  from  Bristol  by  ox-teams  to  Peck's  forge,  where  it  was 
freed  from  impurities  and  rendered  malleable  in  a  furnace,  and  then 
by  hammers,  including  a  trip-hammer,  was  forged  into  bars 
or  other  forms  suitable  to  the  blacksmith's  art.  It  is  notable 
that  blacksmithing  was  carried  on  here  extensively  by  three  suc- 
cessive generations  of  Pecks.  At  this  forge  were  fashioned  vari- 
ous implements  of  agriculture,  plows,  harrow-teeth,  chains,  tires, 
iron  braces  for  wagons,  etc.  This  forge  privilege  was  located  on 
a  lane  leading  off  Fairview  Avenue,  which  runs  from  Cyril 
Peck's  store  direct  to  Taunton.  The  ancient  dam  is  well  pre- 
served, but  only  the  cellar  and  well  of  the  Old  Peck  homestead 
are  now  to  be  seen. 


REHOBOTH  MANUFACTURES  273 

On  this  forge  privilege  Peddy  Peck,  daughter  of  Cromwell 
Peck,  was  born  and  reared,  who  became  the  mother  of  Leonard 
C.  Bliss,  the  distinguished  promoter  of  the  Regal  Shoe  Co. 

In  connection  with  the  iron  business  the  Pecks  also  operated 
a  sawmill  and  gristmill;  and  after  the  forge  became  silent  nearly 
a  century  ago,  Mr.  Horace  West  reconstructed  the  mill  and  con- 
tinued to  saw  lumber  and  introduced  a  lathe  for  turning  bobbins, 
and  also  machinery  for  making  cotton  batting.  Mr.  Ira  A.  Peck, 
author  of  the  Peck  Genealogy,  says  that  when  he  visited  this 
forge  privilege  in  1862  some  of  the  cotton  machinery  still  remained, 
though  the  mill  had  been  for  some  time  neglected. 

Mr.  West  built  the  cottage  which  still  stands  in  good  condition 
near  the  mill  and  is  occupied  by  Mr.  James  Peck,  a  lineal  descend- 
ant of  Ebcnezer.  The  old  mill  is  also  standing  after  more  than 
fifty  years  of  quiet.  One  may  still  pick  up  pieces  of  iron  slag 
from  the  partly  imbedded  mass,  deposited  perhaps  a  hundred  and 
fifty  years  ago.  There  was  doubtless  a  larger  flow  of  water  than 
now  in  this  and  other  streams  in  those  days  of  more  abundant 
forests. 

Half  a  mile  or  so  farther  down  this  stream  Mr.  Francis  Car- 
penter and  his  brother  Joseph  operated  a  grist-mill,  a  saw-mill 
and  a  shingle-mill.  To  the  grist-mill  here,  farmers  for  miles  around 
brought  their  corn,  rye,  and  wheat  to  be  ground  into  meal  and  flour. 

To  the  casual  passer-by  there  is  to-day  scarcely  a  sign  of  these 
former  activities.  Mills,  millers  and  patrons  have  long  since 
passed  away  and  are  forgotten. 

It  may  be  mentioned  that  there  was  formerly  a  saw-mill  on  the 
"Bad  Luck"  branch  of  this  stream,  just  before  it  crosses  the  County 
road,  near  the  home  of  Frank  Goff,  owned  by  Cromwell  Bliss, 
who  sold  the  then  unused  privilege  to  Nelson  Goff  about  the  year 
1837.  There  was  also  another  mill  at  the  reservoir,  whose  ancient 
dam  was  standing  in  1837,  the  year  that  Nelson  and  Darius  Goff 
built  theirs  for  the  Rehoboth  Union  Manufacturing  Company. 

Besides  the  mill  privileges  just  named,  there  were,  as  late  as 
1850,  several  saw-mills  and  grist-mills  and  at  least  one  shingle- 
mill  on  Rocky  River,  in  the  south  part  of  the  town,  and  a  turning 
shop  on  Cole's  Brook;  also  a  shoe-string  mill  owned  by  Samuel 
West  and  run  by  his  son  Nathan.  He  made  the  metal  tips  and 
fastened  them  to  the  ends  of  the  strings.  Also  on  Cole's  Brook, 
Joshua  Pierce,  a  Revolutionary  soldier  (born  1754),  had  a  shop 

IS 


274  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

and  made  knee-buckles,  and  his  son  Joshua  (bom  1797),  an  expert 
tanner  and  blacksmith,  manufactured  on  the  same  stream  the 
first  cast-iron  plows  made  in  New  England,  the  casting  being  done 
in  Albany,  N.Y.  For  these  he  made  his  own  models.  He  also 
made  clothes-pins  out  of  maplewood  in  large  lots  and  sold  them 
in  New  York  and  Albany. 

In  addition  to  his  manufacturing  interests,  Mr.  Pierce  carried 
on  his  large  farm  of  three  hundred  acres. 

Near  the  mouth  of  Rocky  River,  the  Thurber's  had  a  grist- 
mill until  recently,  which  was  largely  patronized,  and  about  half 
a  mile  up  the  stream  Benjamin  Martin  had  a  saw-mill  and  shingle- 
mill,  and  part  of  the  old  walls  are  still  standing.  Near  the  source 
of  the  same  stream  at  Oak  Swamp  there  was  also  a  saw-mill  and 
grist-mill  owned  by  Samuel  Baker,  and  still  another  mill  below 
in  the  Horton  and  Martin  neighborhood.  Several  of  these  old 
mills  had  a  turning  shop  connected. 

Statistical  information  gathered  by  the  Rehoboth  assessors  by 
order  of  the  General  Court  in  1856  gives  the  following  interesting 
facts  respecting  manufactures  in  the  town  for  the  year  ending 
June  1,  1855: 

Hogshead  hoops  prepared  for  market,  333,800,  valued  at  S6,676. 
Nail-keg  hoops,  597,000,  valued  at  SI, 791.  Persons  employed, 
16. 
Lumber  prepared  for  market,  31 1,000  ft.,  valued  at  SI, 075.    Three 

persons  employed. 
Firewood  prepared  for  market,  2,717  cords,  valued  at  {10,868. 

Number  employed,  40. 
Charcoal  made,  50,100  bushels;   valued  at  {12,525.    Number  of 

persons  employed,  35. 
Cotton  Mills,  3;^  spindles  2,504;  cotton  consumed  (in  manufac- 
ture) 185,000  lbs.  Cloth  made,  350,000  yards.  Printing 
cloths  60x64;  value  of  cloth,  {17,000.  Batting  made» 
85,000  lbs.;  value  of  batting,  {5,000.  Capital,  {32,000. 
Males  employed,  29;  females,  34. 

'Horace  West  was  at  that  time  running  a  batting  mill  at  the  iron  forging 

Krivilege  near  Great  Meadow  Hill,  which  with  the  Village  Mill  and  the  Or- 
»ins  Factory  made  the  three  cotton-mills  reported. 


CHAITER  XIII 

llEHOBOTH  CEMETERIES 

There  are  more  tliaii  twenty-five  burial  places  within  the  limits 
of  Rehoboth.  Some  of  these  are  small  family  yards  in  which  no 
one  has  been  buried  for  many  years,  and  which  in  most  cases 
are  sadly  neglected. 

When  beloved  members  of  the  household  die,  there  is  sincere 
mourning  and  a  desire  to  honor  them  by  some  fitting  memorial. 
After  a  time  the  family  becomes  broken  and  scattered  or  other 
interests  absorb  the  mind.  The  dead  are  neglected  and  their 
resting-places  become  overgrown  with  bushes  and  herbage.  The 
precious  "God's  acre"  becomes  again  common  ground  to  be  fur- 
rowed by  the  plow  or  built  upon. 

A  few  of  these  old  graveyards  are  important  to  the  historian 
because  of  their  age  and  of  the  once  prominent  people  who  are 
buried  in  them.  The  two  oldest  yards  in  town  are  the  first  Pal- 
mer's River  Churchyard  and  the  Peck  yard  on  the  west  bank  of 
the  river. 

The  Village  Cemetery  is  most  widely  known  as  being  the 
churchyard  of  the  second  meeting-house,  and  because  of  its 
central  location  and  well-kept  condition.  In  fact,  most  of  the 
burials  in  town  are  now  made  in  this  yard,  and  in  numerous  in- 
stances bodies  have  been  Uiken  up  from  the  small  family  lots 
and  reburicd  here,  where  perpetual  care  may  be  assured. 

This  yard  was  set  apart  in  1773  and  the  second  meeting- 
house was  built  upon  it  the  same  year.  The  house  stood  on  what 
is  now  the  north  side  of  Wheaton  Avenue,  and  faced  the  south» 
its  front  portion  in  part  the  space  now  occupied  by  the  William 
Blanding  and  the  William  Wheaton  lots;  the  structure  running 
back  northward  fifty  feet.  The  first  burial  was  that  of  an  infant 
son  of  Samuel  and  Lydia  Carpenter  who  died  Aug.  22,  1774. 

On  the  seventeenth  of  February,  1776,  Ephraim  Hunt  died 
aged  seventy-six  and  was  buried  near  the  northwest  corner  of  the 
church.  By  his  will  he  left  the  parish  an  estate  thought  to  be 
worth  ten  thousand  dollars.    His  fitting  epitaph  reads  as  follows: 


276  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

''Within  this  silent  grave  his  body  lies. 
Whose  liberal  soul  did  liberal  things  devise. 
What  God  first  gave  by  him  was  freely  given 
To  further  others  in  their  way  to  heaven. 
In  peace  lie  died  with  joyful  hope  to  rise 
And  live  with  Jesus  far  above  tlie  skies. 

The  righteous  he  in  everlasting  remembrance.*' 

In  1829  some  of  the  citizens,  feeling  the  need  of  a  tomb  and  a 
suitable  hearse,  united  to  form  the  Vault  and  Hearse  Association, 
choosing  Daniel  L.  Wilmarth,  James  Blanding,  and  Joseph  Lake 
as  the  prudential  committee.  The  tomb  or  vault  was  finished  the 
same  year,  and  Captain  Shubael  Golf  was  appointed  keeper.  A 
hearse  was  also  purchased  and  placed  in  the  care  of  Jonathan 
Wlieaton,  Jr.  The  expense  of  both  was  five  hundred  and  forty 
dollars  and  was  shared  among  the  fifty-three  ''proprietors." 

The  terms  agreed  upon  for  the  use  of  the  hearse  and  vault  by 
persons  outside  the  proprietors  were  "fifty  cents  the  first  mile, 
ten  cents  all  over,  and  twenty-five  cents  a  week  for  the  use  of  the 
vault,  and  twenty-five  cents  to  the  keeper  of  tlie  vault  every  time 
he  shall  open  the  same  to  receive  or  deliver  a  corpse.'*  This  hearse 
did  service  until  1860,  when  it  was  voted  to  buy  a  "second  handed" 
hearse  with  De  Witt  C.  Carpenter  as  caretaker.  This  second 
hearse  also  had  its  day  and  was  marked  for  oblivion,  and  may  still 
be  seen  on  its  way, —  a  curious  relic  of  former  days. 

Not  until  1866  was  any  addition  made  to  the  old  churchyard, 
from  which  the  church  had  been  moved  twenty-six  years  l)efore, 
but  in  this  year  the  Rehoboth  Cemetery  Association  was  formed 
through  the  initiative  of  George  N.  Goff,  who,  together  witli 
Nathan  IT.  Earle  and  George  H.  Carpenter,  constituted  the  pru- 
dential committee,  and  purchased  of  the  town  the  so-called  new 
part,  in  which  most  of  the  burials  have  been  made  for  the  past 
fifty  years.  This  part  in  turn  l>econiing  crowdeil,  it  was  decided 
in  1913  to  enlarge  the  yard.  This  was  done  by  the  revived  Vault 
and  Hearse  Association,  now  changed  to  the  Rehoboth  Cemetery 
Association,  the  old  organization  of  that  name  having  lapsed. 
Two  acres  on  the  south  side  of  the  yard  were  purchased  and  walled, 
a  well  dug,  and  a  plot  made  of  the  cemetery.  To-day  the  whole 
yard  shows  great  improvement  over  its  condition  five  years  ago. 

Mr.  Frank  W.  Cole,  who  plotted  the  yard,  gives  the  following 
names  of  Revolutionary  soldiers  who  are  buried  here:  liieutenant 


REHOBOTH  CEMETERIES  277 

James  Croswell,  Captain  Jonathan  Drown,  Lieutenant  James  Hor- 
ton,  Colonel  Christopher  Blanding,  James  Bliss,  M.D.,  Ebenezer 
Fuller,  Colonel  Thomas  Carpenter,  Sylvanus  Peck.  He  also  gives 
the  names  of  twenty-nine  soldiers  who  participated  in  the  war  of 
the  rebellion.^ 

The  oldest  person  buried  here  is  Sara,  wife  of  John  Bliss,  and 
daughter  of  Joshua  Smith,  who  died  March  20,  1855,  aged  102 
years,  5  mos. 

Deacon  Ephraim  Bliss,  who  died  Jan.  6,  1778,  has  the  following 
epitaph : — 

"The  greedy  worms  devour  my  skin. 
And  gnaw  my  wasting  flesh; 
When  God  shall  build  my  bones  again 
He  clothes  them  all  afresh." 

The  cemetery  is  now  in  excellent  condition.  It  has  grown  until 
it  contains  more  than  two  thousand  graves,  which  is  about  the 
number  of  the  town's  inhabitants.  Many  of  the  lots  are  under 
perpetual  care  through  funds  entrusted  to  the  town  by  interested 
parties.  These  trust-funds  amount  to  $6,416,  the  interest  of 
which  is  applied  to  different  yards,  but  mainly  to  the  one  at  the 
Village.  For  several  years  the  town  has  chosen  Mr.  Henry  T. 
Horton  to  look  after  the  lots  thus  provided  for,  and  to  him  much 
credit  is  due  for  his  interest  and  pains  in  making  not  only  the  lots 
which  fall  to  his  care,  but  the  entire  yards,  neat  and  attractive. 

Among  the  names  of  those  buried  here  are.  Rev.  Robert  Roger- 
son  and  wife  Betty,  Rev.  Otis  Thompson  and  his  first  wife  Rachel, 
Elder  Nathan  Pierce  and  Elder  Preserved  Pierce,  Drs.  James 
Bliss,  Isaac  Fowler,  Royal  Carpenter,  James  Chipman;  also  Caro- 
line Carpenter,  fiancee  of  Leonard  Bliss,  Jr.* 

'  Capt.  Otis  Haker,  Lieut.  Arnold  De  Forest  Brown,  James  S.  Chipman. 
M.D.,  Abram  O.  Blanding,  M.D.,  Hiram  H.  Drown,  Ebenezer  M.  Lane. 
Henry  F.  Frost,  Allen  B.  Luther,  James  F.  Moulton,  Mark  O.  Wheaton, 
Benjamin  C.  Munroe,  Thomas  Hill,  Lieut.  James  P.  Brown,  James  J.  Thatcher, 
Edwin  H.  Bliss,  James  M.  Jxiwis,  Lieut,  Cyrus  M.  Wheaton,  Capt.  Leonard 
Drown,  Henry  C.  Goff,  Thomas  Bliss,  Henry  Meyers,  William  S.  Reynolds, 
Cornelius  Bliss,  Joseph  Borden,  Hale  S.  Luther,  Augustus  W.  Carpenter, 
Wheaton  L.  Bliss,  Thomas  S.  Parker. 

'Some  of  the  oldest  anil  commonest  family  names  represented  in  this  vard 
arc  Bliss,  Peck,  Carpenter,  Golf,  Islanding,  Wheaton,  Bowen,  Horton,  Bullock, 
Brown,  Pierce  (variously  spelled),  Wheeler,  Allen  or  Allyn,  Perry,  Hunt, 
Heed,  Baker,  Wilmarth,  llogerson.  Lake,  Smith,  Frost,  Fuller,  Nash,  Cushing. 
Marvel,  King,  Lane,  Martin,  Fowler,  Earle,  Abell,  Newman,  Redway,  Moul- 
ton. Hicks,  Cole,  Luther,  Viall,  Medbury,  Kent,  Lindsey,  Jacobs,  and  Gardner. 


278  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

THE  PALMER'S  RIVER  CHURCHYARD 

This  is  the  oldest  cemetery  in  town.  Burials  were  made  here 
even  before  the  Palmer's  River  Meeting-house  was  built  in  1721. 
Bliss,  in  his  History,  says  the  house  "stood  on  a  small  elevation 
about  half  a  mile  northwest  of  the  Orleans  Factory,"  and  that  it 
is  sometimes  called  "Burial  Place  Hill." 

The  churchyard  consisted  of  three  acres  which  were  given  by 
Jathniel  Peck,  Captain  Samuel  Peck,  and  Jonathan  Bliss.  In  thb 
old  yard,  covered  with  a  thick  growth  of  sweet  fern,  green-brier, 
and  other  coarse  herbage,  "the  forefathers  of  the  hamlet  sleep." 
Their  lichen-patched  tablets  of  blue  slate  are  well  preserved, 
and  by  persevering  effort  we  have  deciphered  most  of  them. 

By  a  singular  coincidence  the  cemetery  near  Scott's  black- 
smith-shop, about  half  a  mile  southeast  of  the  Orleans  Factory, 
contains  three  acres  and  the  spot  is  called  "Burial  Place  Hill." 
For  this  reason  some  have  supposed  that  the  latter  was  the  real 
Palmer's  River  Churchyard.  But  this  cannot  be,  for  several 
reasons:  first,  because  the  churchyard  was  northwest  of  the  fac- 
tory; in  the  second  place,  because  the  burials  began  here  some 
years  earlier  than  in  the  other  place,  —  as  early  at  least  as 
1717,  whereas  there  the  first  recorded  burial  was  in  1734;  and 
in  the  third  place,  because  in  this  old  yard  "in  his  church- 
yard," as  Bliss  states.  Rev.  David  Turner,  the  first  pastor  of  the 
church,  was  buried,  who  died  in  1745,  and  near  him  his  strong 
supporter,  Mr.  Jathniel  Peck,  whose  well-preserved  stone  of  slate 
is  inscribed  as  follows :  — 

• 

"In  memory  of  Mr.  Jathniel  Peck,  deceased 
April  y«  5th  1742  in  y«  82nd  year  of  his  age.  Rev. 
14:  13.  "Blessed  are  y®  dead  which  die  in  y®  Lord, 
etc." 

Beside  him  rests  his  wife  with  this  inscription :  — 

"Here  lies  the  body  of  Mrs.  Sarah  Peck,  y«  wife 
of  Mr.  Jathniel  Peck,  dec**  June  y«  4th  1717  in  y« 
47th  year  of  her  age. 

**The  sweet  remembrance  of  y«  just 
Shall  flourish  when  they  sleep  in  dust." 

Ps.  112:6. 

Jathniel  Peck  was  the  son  of  Joseph,  who  came  from  England 
to  Hingham  and  thence  to  Old  Rehoboth  in  1645,  and  settled  on 
the  west  bank  of  Palmer's  River  in  1660.    Jathniel  was  also  the 


REHOBOTH  CEMETERIES  279 

father  of  Ebcnezer,  who  founded  the  iron-forging  privilege  near 
Great  Meadow  Hill,  and  who  also  is  buried  in  this  place  with  others 
of  the  name. 

"In  Memory  of 
Capt.  Ebenezer 

Peck 

who  Departed 

this  Life  Septem^ 

18th  1760.  m  the 

64th  Year  of  his 

Age." 

His  wife  was  Margaret  Whitaker,  whom  he  married  Aug.  12» 
1724.  She  survived  him  and  married  Capt.  Nathaniel  Bliss.  She 
died  June  25,  1774,  in  her  7  2d  year  and  is  buried  here. 

Several  of  their  ten  children  rest  in  this  lot,  as  James,  Hannah 

and  Col.  Shubael,  who  held  a  colonel's  commission.    He  married 

Huldah  Hunt;   their  daughter  Huldah  sleeps  beside  her  parents; 

she  died  Nov.  18,  1760.    Another  daughter,  Elizabeth,  died  Oct. 

30, 1775,  in  the  19th  year  of  her  age,  and  has  in  part  this  epitaph: — 

"Survivors,  attend,  who  thoughtless,  young  and  gay 
Now  whirl  your  lives  in  giddiness  away. 
Stop  your  career;  Behold  this  speaking  stone; 
Think  on  her  fate  and  tremble  at  your  own." 

Another  stone  bears  the  name  of  Capt.  Thomas  Peck  (son  of 
Pelcg),  died  April  5,  1763,  in  the  63d  year  of  his  age.    Mt.  24: 44. 

Here  rests  also  Benjamin  Peck  (son  of  Jathniel),  who  died  Aug. 
10,  1749,  in  his  44th  year;  and  Elizabeth,  his  wife,  who  died  April 
15,  1731,  in  her  27th  year. 

In  this  old  churchyard  are  buried  also  several  generations  of 

Blisses : — 

"Here  lyeth  the 
body  of  Jonathan 
Bliss  who  de- 
parted this  life 
October  y«  10th 
1719  in  y«  54  ^ 
Year  of  his  age." 

Jonathan  was  the  son  of  Jonathan  and  Miriam  Harmon  and 
grandson  of  Thomas,  of  the  Newman  colony  of  1643,  and  one  of 
the  first  settlers  on  Palmer's  River.  He  was  one  of  three  to 
give  an  acre  of  ground  for  the  site  of  the  meeting-house.  He 
married  Miriam  Carpenter. 


280  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 


A  companion  stone  reads:  — 

"In  Memory  of 

Jonathan  Bliss 

who  departed 

This  life  May  3, 

Anno  Dom.  1770 

In  the  78th  year  of 

His  age/ 


»t 


He  was  the  son  of  the  former  and  Miriam  Carpenter,  and  re- 
sided on  or  near  the  Bliss  homestead  all  his  days. 
A  third  stone  marks  a  brother's  grave:  — 

"In  Memory  of 

Mr.  Elisha  Bliss 

who  died 

March  15,  1793 
Aged  95  years." 

Elisha,  son  of  Jonathan  and  Miriam  (Carpenter),  married  Mar- 
garet Newman  and  lived  on  the  home  place. 
The  next  stone  in  order  marks  the  fifth  generation :  — 

"In  Memory  of 
Mr.  Elisha  Bliss 

died  Nov.  1778 

in  the  47th  year 

of  his  age." 

He  was  the  son  of  Elisha  and  Margaret  Newman.  He  lived  on 
the  home  place  until  he  enlisted  and  served  three  years  in  the 
Revolutionary  War.  He  died  in  the  army  of  small-pox.  His  wife 
was  Ruth  Thomas  Bliss,  who  died  March  3,  1807,  in  her  7Sth 
year.  The  Bliss  homestead  is  half  a  mile  north  of  the  old  yard 
near  the  then  parsonage  on  Wheeler  Street,  and  now  owned  by 
Waldo  Graves,  a  descendant. 

Here  are  memorial  stones  to  several  children  of  Lieut.  Ephraim 
and  Rachel  (Carpenter)  Bliss:  Noah,  Jonathan,  Lydia,  and  Ben- 
jamin. Lieut.  Ephraim  was  the  son  of  Jonathan  and  Miriam 
(Carpenter).  They  had  twelve  children.  His  stone  was  not  found, 
but  may  have  been  overlooked  in  the  dense  bushes. 

One  of  the  earliest  burials  was  that  of  David  Bliss,  "Dec^  Sept. 
ye  6th,  1720,  in  y©  26th  year  of  his  age." 

Judith,  wife  of  Abiah  Bliss,  died  Oct.  10,  1755,  in  her  22d  year. 

Among  the  early  settlers  along  the  Palmer's  River  were  the 


REIIOBarH   CEMETERIES  281 

Fullers,  some  of  whom  are  buried  in  tliis  yard.    Ensign  Ebenezer 

Fuller  died  Oct.  2,  1773,  in  the  69th  year  of  his  age.    Rachel  his 

wife  died  Oct.  25,  1788,  in  her  83d  year.    Their  daughter,  Judith, 

"Deed  Deceml>er  yc  2Gth,  1751,  in  yc  18th  year  of  her  age."     She 

is  made  to  say :  — 

**Ripe  for  heaven,  my  soul  ascending  flew 
And  early  hid  this  sinful  world  adieu : 
Short  was  my  time,  y*^  longer  is  my  rest 
In  y®  eternal  Mansions  of  y®  Blest." 

Aaron  Fuller  died  May  2,  1789,  in  his  74th  year.  Bethiah,  his 
wife,  died  April  16,  1765. 

Dorothy,  wife  of  Samuel  Fuller,  died  Sept.  17,  1772,  in  her  93d 
year;  and  Hannah,  wife  of  Timothy,  died  Jan.  25,  1748-9,  in  her 
36th  year. 

The  Smiths  were  another  of  the  early  families  in  this  community. 

Deacon  Joshua  Smith  was  prominent  at  the  very  beginning  of  the 

settlement.    He  died  Dec.  10,  1743,  in  the  fifty-first  year  of  his 

age.     On  his  stone  is  tliis  epitaph:  — 

"Though  a  little  while  here 
He  had  his  shear 
Of  sorrow,  grief  &  pain; 
His  Sole  we  Trust 
Is  with  the  Just 
Where  it  shall  ever  reign." 

"In  Memory  of  Mrs.  Mary  Smith,  wife  of  Mr. 
Joshua  Smith,  who  died  April  3d,  1795,  in  the  95th 
year  of  her  age." 

Others  are  Thomas  Smith   (87)  and  his  wife  Rebecca  (76). 

**In  Memory  of  Delivercncc  Smith,  late  Wife  of 
Mr.  Samuel  Smith,  who  died  Dec.  23,  1775,  in  the 
43d  Year  of  her  Age." 

"My  flesh  shall  slumber  in  the  ground 
Till  the  last  Trumpet's  joyful  Sound 
Then  burst  the  Chains  with  Sweet  Surprise 
And  in  my  Savior's  Image  rise." 

"In  Memory  of  Mrs.  Sarah  Smith,  late  Wife  of 
Mr.  Ebenezer  Smith,  died  April  9,  1762,  in  y«  25th 
Year  of  her  Age." 

Here  rest  also  several  members  of  the  Moulton  family:  — 

"Here  lies  the  Remains  of  Deacon  Stephen  Moul- 
ton. He  departed  this  Life  September  12,  1786, 
in  y«  90th  Year  of  his  Age." 


282  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

He  was  chosen  deacon  of  the  Palmer's  River  Church  in  1760. 

''In  memory  of  Mrs.  Rebecca  Moulton,  late  wife 
of  Cap.  Stephen  Moulton,  dec<l  August  26,  1769,  in 
the  70th  Year  of  her  Age." 

Stephen  Moulton,  Jr.,  died  Jan.  4,  1776,  in  his  38th  year. 

The  Widow  Hannah  Moulton  died  Nov.  5,  1777,  in  her  41st 

year. 

"And  I  heard  a  voice  from  heaven,  saying  unto 
me»  Write  Blessed  are  the  dead,"  etc. 

Here  are  also  several  stones  to  the  Carpenter  family:  — 

"In  Memory  of  Capt.  Abiah  Carpenter  Deed  July 
1743  in  y«  53d  year  of  his  Age." 

"In  Memory  of  Mrs  Experience  Carpenter,  Re- 
lict of  Capt.  Abiah  Carpenter,  late  of  Rehoboth, 
Deceased  who  Died  Dec.  21st  1775  in  the  83d  year  of 
her  Age." 

Among  the  early  burials  in  this  God's  acre  are  the  Burrs:  — 

"Here  lyeth  the  Body  of  Simon  Burr  who  dyed 
March  y«  12,  1722.  in  y«  69th  year  of  his  age." 

"In  Memory  of  Mr.  Simon  Burr  who  deceased 
Septr  2,  1783  in  the  91st  year  of  his  Age." 

Still  another  stone  is  inscribed  as  follows:  — 

"Mrs.  Huldah  Jacob  wife  of  Wilson  Jacob  who 
died  Oct.  24,  1770,  in  her  22d  year; 

Here  lies  my  body  dressed  in  dust; 
My  soul  with  him  that  gave  it  first; 
My  body  here  in  dust  must  lay 
Until  the  great  tremendous  day." 

Here  are  the  names  of  Barker,  Allen,  Joy,  Baldwin,  Wheeler, 
Ingalls»  and  Mary,  wife  of  Peter  Hunt,  who  died  Dec.  10,  1754, 
in  her  71st  year. 

The  town  has  always  claimed  this  three-acre  lot,  and  has  buried 
its  paupers  here,  but  outside  the  sacred  circle  of  the  ancient  and 
honored  dead. 

Close  by  is  the  small  family  yard  where  Joseph  Lake,  son  of 
Laban  and  Patience,  and  some  members  of  his  family,  are  buried. 
He  died  Oct.  6,  1843,  aged  65  years.  His  wife  Eleanor  Williams 
Lake  died  March  6,  1862,  aged  87  years. 


REHOBOTH  CEMETERIES  283 

THE  PECK  CEMETERY 

The  Peck  Cemetery  is  situated  on  the  west  bank  of  the  Palmer's 
River,  about  half  a  mile  from  the  public  road,  in  the  vicinity  of 
the  William  Covill  residence,  and  is  at  the  present  time  a  part  of 
the  Thomas  Reynolds  farm  (Summer  Street).  It  has  been  neg- 
lected for  many  years  and  is  overgrown  with  bushes  and  trees. 

The  last  burial  in  this  lot  was  that  of  Dean  Chace,  July  2»  1887» 
at  which  the  writer  oflSciated.  It  is  a  very  old  yard  where  some 
of  the  earliest  settlers  along  the  Palmer's  River  were  buried,  in- 
cluding Pecks,  Covills,  Barneys,  Chaces,  AUyns,  and  Lakes.  The 
oldest  grave  is  that  of  Capt.  Samuel  Peck.  On  the  jGlne  old  slate 
stone  is  the  Peck  coat  of  arms  with  this  inscription:  — 

"Here  lies  interred  y«  body  of  Cptn.  Samuel  Peck, 
Dec<l  June  y«  9th,  Anno  Domini  1736  in  y«  64th 
year  of  his  age. 

**To  me  'twas  given  to  die. 
To  thee  'twas  given  to  live: 
Alas!  one  moment  sets  us  even 
Mark  how  impartial  is  the  Will  of  Heaven." 

His  wife's  stone  is  inscribed  as  follows:  — 

**In  memory  of  Mrs.  Rachel  Peck,  Relict  of  Cap. 
Samuel  Peck,  Dec**  November  y®  2nd  1756  in  y* 
81st  year  of  her  age." 

He  was  the  son  of  Joseph  and  brother  of  Jathniel.  He  set  apart 
this  yard  from  his  own  farm  which  he  had  inherited  from  his 
father  who  resided  on  this  intervale  near  Wm.  Covill's  (see  Feck 
Genealogy). 

Samuel  Peck,  Jr.,  son  of  the  former,  died  Nov.  26,  1788,  in  the 
82d  year  of  his  age,  "Who  was  an  eld*"  of  a  C**^  of  Christ  in  Reho- 
both  40^y  years.  Having  served  his  generation  by  y«  will  of  Grod 
Fell  asleep  in  Jesus  ended  his  life  with  ye  words  of  y«  Holy  Apostle 
Sec"  Timothy  4th  Chapt  7th  Verse. 

"With  Heavenly  Weapons  I  have  fought 
The  Battles  of  the  Lord. 
Finished  my  Corse  &  kept  y®  Faith, 
And  waiglit  the  sure  Reward." 

Other  Pecks  buried  here  are  Isaac,  George,  Perez  and  wife  Ex- 
perience, and  Samuel  2d;  also  Abiezer,  son  of  Capt.  Samuel,  who 
lived  on  the  home  farm,  where  he  died  in  1800,  aged  87. 


2S4  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

The  only  monument  in  this  yard  is  erected  to  the  memory  of 
William  CovilI»  who  died  April  18,  1859,  in  the  77th  year  of  his 
age.  His  wife  Lydia  Covill  died  May  30,  1875,  in  the  84th  year 
of  her  age. 

Mr.  Covin's  residence  was  on  the  intervale  not  far  from  tliis 
yard,  on  the  land  formerly  occupied  by  the  Pecks,  but  scarcely 
a  trace  of  it  remains.  William  W.  Blanding,  in  his  98th  year,  re- 
calls him  as  a  well-to-do  citizen  whom  he  once  called  upon  at  his 
home  to  negotiate  a  money  loan. 

Among  the  Lakes  buried  here  are  Elnathan  and  his  wife  Susanna; 
George  and  his  wife  Nancy;   Horace  and  Albert. 

One  interesting  stone  gives  the  Chace  genealogy  thus: — 

"Grindal  Chace 
Died  June  10,  1843. 
Was  the  son  of  Elisha  Chace  who  was  born  Dec. 
15,  1712,  who  was  the  son  of  John  Chace  who  was 
bom  Apr.  6th,  1675.      Died  Novr  26,  1755." 

BURIAL  PLACE  HILL  CEMETERY 

This  yard,  at  the  Junction  of  Peckham  and  Providence  Streets, 
contains  some  250  graves.  The  two  oldest  persons  buried  here  are 
Darius  West  who  died  Dec.  15,  1827,  in  his  91st  year,  and  Patsy 
Mason,  May  21,  1885,  in  her  92d  year. 

The  most  elaborate  memorial  is  a  fine  horizontal  marble  slab 
which  rests  on  four  stone  columns,  inscribed  in  part  as  follows: 
''This  stone  perpetuates  the  memory  of  the  Honorable  Simeon 
Martin,  fourth  son  of  Sylvanus  Martin,  Esq.,  and  Mrs.  Martha, 
his  wife,  and  the  fourth  generation  from  John  Martin  who  emi- 
grated from  England  in  1665.  He  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  Oct. 
20,  A.D.  1754,  and  died  Sept.  30,  1819,  aged  64  years,  11  months 
and  10  days.  He  was  one  of  the  first  who  stepped  forward  in  his 
country's  cause  in  tlie  Revolutionary  War,  and  was  in  the  battle 
at  Trenton  under  General  Washington  in  1776.  In  December, 
1779,  after  the  British  evacuated  Newport,  he  removed  to  that 
place  and  was  for  a  number  of  years  chosen  a  representative 
from  that  town  to  the  General  Assembly.  He  was  Major-General 
of  the  state  militia,  and  was  for  several  years  elected  Governor. 
He  was  a  member  of  the  Corporation  of  Brown  University.  He 
was  a  man  of  excellent  sense,  a  gentleman  in  his  manners,  benev- 
olent and  courteous,  and  highly  respected. 


REHOBOTH  CEMETERIES  286 

Adieu,  thou  sun,  ye  stars  and  moon, 
No  longer  shall  I  need  your  light; 
My  God's  my  sun;   He  makes  my  noon; 
My  day  shall  never  change  to  night." 

Near  by  is  a  stone  inscribed  with  the  name  of  Silvanus  Martin, 
father  of  the  former,  who  was  captain  of  the  third  company* 
Col.  Thos.  Carpenter *s  regiment,  in  the  Revolution,  and  prominent 
in  town  affairs.  He  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  July  1,  1727,  the  only 
son  of  Edward  and  Rebecca  (Peck)  Martin.  He  married  Martha, 
eldest  daughter  of  Col.  Philip  and  Martha  (Salisbury)  Wheeler. 
He  died  Aug.  13,  1782,  aged  55  years  (John,*  John,*  Ephraim,* 
Edward,*  Silvauus,*  Simeon*). 

Several  members  of  the  Miller  family  are  buried  here.  One 
of  the  stones  was  erected  by  the  widow  to  the  memory  of  Caleb 
Miller,  M.D.,  who  departed  this  life  in  Bristol,  R.I.,  on  the  13th 
of  November,  1826,  in  the  40th  year  of  his  age. 

"In  all  the  relations  of  life  he  was  a  man. 

Friendship,  esteem  and  fame  could  not  save 
The  much  regretted  from  the  untimely  grave." 

A  long  epitaph  follows. 

Another  stone  records  at  length  the  death  of  Dr.  Miller's  two 
children,  a  son  and  daughter,  and  of  Mary  Ann  (Bucklin),  his 
wife,  with  an  epitaph  for  each  child.  Another  stone  marks  the 
grave  of  Capt.  Joshua  Miller  who  was  born  Jan.  18,  1789;  died 
Feb.  24,  1850.  He  lived  at  the  foot  of  the  hill  on  the  east  bank 
of  Palmer's  River,  where  he  had  a  tannery  and  manufactured 
morocco  leather. 

**In  peaceful  quiet  lies 

His  dust  beneath  the  sod; 
The  soul  that  never  dies 
Has  flown  to  meet  its  God." 

Capt.  Joshua  was  the  son  of  Philip  and  brother  of  Dr.  Caleb. 
Another  brother,  Dr.  Nathaniel,  is  buried  at  Franklin,  Mass. 

A  peculiar  epitaph  marks  the  stone  of  Seth  W.  Miller  who  died 
Mny  30.  1848,  aged  47  years:  — 

**My  wife  from  me  departed 
And  robbed  me  like  a  knave; 
Which  caused  me  broken  hearted 
To  descend  into  my  grave. 


286  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

My  children  took  an  active  part. 
And  to  doom  me  did  contrive* 
Which  stuck  a  dagger  in  my  heart 
Which  I  could  not  survive." 

Poor  forsaken  man!  Even  the  grave  tells  of  his  domestic  bitter- 
ness. 

Some  of  the  Wheeler  inscriptions  are  as  follows:  ''Lt.  Jeremiah 
Wheeler,  born  March  23,  1731;  died  Feb.  26,  1811.  He  was 
commissioned  2d  I^t.  of  militia  in  the  1st  Mass.  regiment  Sept. 
3d  1767.  He  was  the  son  of  James  and  Elizabeth  Wheeler;  mar- 
ried at  Rehoboth,  Jan.  4,  1753,  Submit  Horton,  who  died  April 
18,  1778;  and  at  Brooklyn,  Ct.,  for  his  2d  wife  Elizabeth  Troop, 
Oct.  27,  1778,  who  died  April  9,  1788." 

Another  stone  has  the  name  of  Captain  Philip  Wheeler,  who 
died  at  Rehoboth  Sept.  19,  1765,  in  his  66th  year  (date  on  his 
tombstone).  He  is  often  called  "Col.**  Wheeler.  His  epitaph 
reads: — 

"O  death,  though  thou  hast  conquered  me 
I  by  thy  dart  am  slain; 
But  Christ  hath  vanquished  thee, 
And  I  shall  rise  again." 

His  wife,  Martha  (Ingalls),  died  Aug.  15,  1745,  in  her  47th  year. 

''Time  hastens  on  the  hour 
When  I  shall  wake  and  sing, 
O  grave,  where  is  thy  power, 
O  death,  where  is  thy  sting?" 

''Col."  Philip  was  the  father  of  Philip  who  has  been  accepted 
by  the  D.  A.  R.  as  "Patriot"  of  the  Revolution,  and  grandfather 
of  Shubael,  a  Revolutionary  soldier.  Philip  the  son  is  said  to  be 
buried  in  this  yard.  Captain  or  "Col."  Philip  was  the  son  of 
James  and  Grizzell  (Squier)  Wheeler.  (James,*  Philip,*  Philip,' 
Shubael^,  Lavina'  married  Edward  Horton.) 

Another  Revolutionary  soldier,  Col.  Frederick  Drown,  is  buried 
in  this  yard.    1743-1804. 

Also  two  Civil  War  veterans:  Henry  Clay  Trenn  and  Darius 
West. 

On  one  family  stone  the  following  is  inscribed : 

"Daniel  Thurber  aged  66  yrs. 
Nathaniel  87  yrs. 

Lois  71  yrs. 


BEHOBOTH  CEMETERIES  287 


Polly  45  yrs. 

Polly  Bullock  63  yrs. 

Chloe  73  yrs. 

Nancy  83  yrs. 

Abel  82  yrs. 


99 


Another  interesting  old  stone  has  this  inscription:  — 

"Here  lyeth  buried  y*  body  of  Mr.  Ephrahim 
Wheaton,  Elder  of  Y«  first  church  in  Swanscey  who 
having  faithfully  served  God  &  his  generation  in  y^ 
Gospel  for  y«  space  of  thirty  years,  fell  asleep  in 
Jesus  with  a  sure  and  certain  hope  of  a  glorious  Res- 
urrection to  immortal  Life.  April  26  A.D.  1734  in  y* 
75th  year  of  his  age.    John  17:  14,  Rev.  13." 

Beside  this  stone  is  a  much  smaller  one  for  Mary  his  wife»  who 
died  in  1747,  and  one  for  Rev.  John  Comer  who  died  in  1734; 
also  one  for  Rev.  Richard  Round,  died  May  18,  1768. 

On  the  stone  to  the  memory  of  Elizabeth  Wheeler,  who  died 

April  9,  1788,  is  this  inscription:  — 

"Her  family  did  often  share 
Her  generous  love  and  tender  care; 
Likewise  her  friends  did  also  find 
A  Neighbor  that  was  soft  and  kind; 
She  lived  on  earth  greatly  desir'd. 
Greatly  lamented  when  expired." 

The  stone  in  honor  of  Stephen  Bullock  has  this  verse:  — 

**As  you  pass  by,  pray  cast  your  eye  — 
As  you  are  now  so  once  was  I. 
As  I  am  now  so  you  must  be. 
Prepare  yourself  to  follow  me." 

On  a  stone  with  the  date  of  1823  is  this  verse:  — 

"This  spot  contains  the  ashes  of  the  just. 
Who  sought  no  honors  and  betrayed  no  trust. 
This  truth  he  proved  in  every  path  he  trod  — 
*An  honest  man's  the  noblest  work  of  God.*  " 

THE  COLE  BROOK  AND  JOSHUA  PIERCE  CEMETERIES 

This  yard  is  located  at  the  southern  border  of  Manwhague 
Swamp,  on  the  west  bank  of  Cole's  Brook.  It  is  cared  for  by  **The 
Baker  and  Horton  Cemetery  Association,"  incorporated  March 
16,  1882,  with  thirteen  charter  members.  John  W.  Pierce  is  sec- 
retary and  E.  V.  Pierce  caretaker.  The  yard  has  a  neat  appear- 
ance and  most  of  the  stones  are  of  granite. 


288  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Back  from  the  road  is  an  old  part,  formerly  known  as  the  "Baker 
Burying  Ground,"  where  most  of  the  graves  are  marked  by  rude, 
unlettered  stones  more  than  a  century  old.  In  this  part  is  buried 
James  C.  Baker  who  died  Sept.  2,  1859,  aged  70  years,  a  veteran 
of  1812. 

"His  days  and  nights  of  affliction  are  o'er. 
He  has  gone  to  rest  on  Canaan's  shore." 

"Erected  by  his  widow." 

Close  beside  him  is  the  grave  of  his  daughter,  Mary  A.  Baker, 
who  died  Dec.  8,  1863,  in  the  23d  year  of  her  age. 

"Fold  her,  O  Father,  in  thine  arms 
And  let  her  henceforth  be 
A  messenger  of  love  between 
Our  human  hearts  and  thee." 

His  wife  Emeline  also  rests  beside  him,  but  without  a  stone. 
She  was  for  many  years  housekeeper  for  J.  Hiram  Pierce.  Shie 
died  May  7,  1887,  aged  65  years. 

According  to  Mrs.  Patience  Pierce  Baker,  who  was  born  in 
1792,  Jotham  Horton',  son  of  Thomas\  was  buried  in  this  old 
part.  He  lived  half  a  mile  away  down  Barney  Lane  on  the  Bos- 
worth-Buffinton  place.  Doubtless  other  members  of  his  family 
rest  here,  although  their  graves  are  unmarked. 

James  Baker,  1758-1829.  His  wife  Hannah  (Manchester), 
1752-1837. 

John  Baker  (son  of  James  and  Hannah)  1784-1836.  His  wife 
Mary  K.  (Martin),  1799-1856. 

Levi  Baker  (son  of  John  and  Mary),  1824-1909.  His  wife 
Angeline  (Horton,  daughter  of  Aaron  and  Bethany),  1824-1895. 
Beside  them  rest  their  two  children  John  F.  and  Charles  Levi. 

Nathaniel  Baker  (son  of  James  and  Hannah),  died  Jan.  10, 
1857,  aged  63  years.  His  wife  Susan  (Pierce,  daughter  of  Henry), 
died  Nov.  12,  1879.  aged  82  years. 

Nathaniel  Baker,  Jr.  (of  Nathaniel  and  Susan),  died  Jan.  11, 
1881,  aged  51  years.  His  wife  Sarah  Ann  (Eddy),  died  Sept.  21, 
1886,  aged  54  years. 

Other  children  of  Nathaniel  and  Susan  were  Hannah,  1839- 
1863;  Susan,  1830-1915;  and  twin  sons  — James,  1833-1877; 
John,  1833-1883. 

Joseph  Baker,  died  Dec.  25,  1842,  in  his  92d  year.     Joseph 


REHOBOTH  CEMETERIES  289 

Baker,  Jr.,  died  March  30,  1866,  aged  88  years.  Mason  Baker 
(son  of  Joseph),  died  Jan.  21,  1890,  aged  85  years. 

Darius  Ilorton,  died  Dec.  24,  1872,  aged  63  years.  His  wife 
Harriet  (daughter  of  Joseph  Baker,  Jr.),  died  June  3,  1886,  aged 
77  years. 

Their  son,  Edwin  R.  M.  Horton,  Co.  A,  3d  Rhode  Island 
Heavy  Artillery,  died  at  Hilton  Head,  S.C.,  Jan.  17,  1862,  aged 
22  years. 

**Away  from  his  home  and  the  friends  of  his  youth. 
He  hasted  the  herald  of  Mercy  and  Truth." 

Darius  M.  Horton,  1832-1913.    His  wife  Mary  A.,  1828-1897. 

Hiram  Horton,  died  Sept.  25,  1896,  aged  83  years.  His  wife 
Eliza  S.,  died  May  15,  1882,  aged  72  years. 

Their  son,  John  Ed.  Horton,  1836-1911.  Prominent  in  town 
affairs.    His  wife  Sarah  J.,  died  April  13,  1886,  aged  43  years.      ' 

Aaron  Horton  (son  of  Solomon,  Jr.),  died  Dec.  3,  1854,  aged 
74  years.  His  wife  Bethany  (Baker),  died  Jan.  31,  1840,  aged  66 
years. 

Nathaniel  B.  Horton  (son  of  Aaron  and  Bethany),  died  Jan.  4, 
1900,  aged  79  years.  Mr.  Horton  for  many  years  held  impor- 
tant offices  in  town.    His  wife  Mary  J.  (Buffinton),  died  March 

24,  1913.  aged  81  years. 

Other  Hortons  buried  here  are  James  2d  and  Almira  his  wife 
with  their  children;  John  and  Susanna  his  wife  with  their  chil- 
dren; also  Alfred,  Eliphalet,  and  Betsey  who  died  Oct.  14,  1894, 
aged  91  years. 

Hiram  W.  Martin,  son  of  Luther  and  Nancy  (Wheeler)  Martin, 
born  Aug.  13,  1812,  died  June  29,  1892,  in  his  80th  year.  His  wife 
Avis  died  March  26,  1886,  aged  72  years. 

Earl  P.  Martin  (son  of  Luther  and  Nancy),  born  Nov.  26,  1810, 
died  July  7,  1892,  aged  81  years.    His  wife  Phoebe  C,  born  May 

25,  1810,  died  June  29,  1884. 

Their  daughter,  Esther  P.,  born  Dec.  8,  1840,  married  Jason 
N.  Wheaton  of  Rehoboth,  who  was  born  June  10,  1836,  died  Jan. 
29,  1914,  aged  77  years.    Widow  now  living  (1918). 

Luther  Ainsworth  Martin,  born  Nov.  8,  1819,  died  April  1, 
1904,  aged  84  years.  His  wife  Harriet  L.,  born  Oct.  7,  1821 
(living).  Parents  of  Frank  who  married  Mary  Horton,  and  Harriet 
who  married  Capt.  Otis  A.  Baker. 

19 


290  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

One  Revolutionary  soldier  lies  here,  —  Nathaniel  Round,  who 
died  in  1850,  aged  90  years. 

Four  Davis  brothers,  sons  of  Joseph,  are  here  interred:  Joseph 
L.  Davis,  died  Nov.  21, 1889,  aged  63  years.  His  wife  Mary  Ann, 
died  Dec.  19,  1882,  aged  55  years. 

Nathaniel  L.  Davis,  1820-1905. 

John  A.  Davis,  died  June  22,  1896,  aged  87  years.  His  wife 
Melinda  A.,  died  Aug.  14,  1887,  aged  76  years. 

Edmund  E.  Davis,  1817-1893.  His  wife  Mary  (Baker),  daugh- 
ter of  Joseph  Baker,  senior,  born  September,  1819  (living). 

William  L.  Pierce  (son  of  Jabez  and  Abagail),  died  Aug.  16, 
1885,  aged  48  years,  chairman  of  School  Board  many  years. 

The  Pierce  lineage  is:  Capt.  Michael,^  Ephraim,'  Ephraim,' 
Deacon  Mial,^  Joshua,'  Henry,*  Jabez,'  William  L.',  Charles  L.,* 
John  W.,»  Clifford  L.,"  Stella"  (married  Lester  M.  Briggs). 

John  Kelton  (son  of  Rev.  George  Kelton),  born  July  14,  1818* 
died  Aug.  6,  1860.  His  wife  Hannah  M.  (Baker),  born  Sept.  24, 
1819,  died  May  8,  1899.  Two  daughters  survive:  Mary,  married 
John  W.  Pierce;  Hannah  J.,  married  Frank  H.  Pierce  (son  of 
Joshua). 

Levi  Bullock,  died  Feb.  19,  1836,  in  his  47th  year.  His  wife 
Roxanna  died  Aug.  29, 1878,  in  her  89th  year.  Also  two  daughters, 
Ann  Maria  and  Ardelia. 

William  Hadfield,  1804-1872.    His  wife  Ann  T.,  1806-1876. 

The  Wests  of  this  neighborhood  are  buried  either  in  this  yard 
or  a  small  yard  across  the  way,  adjoining  that  of  Joshua  Pierce. 
The  following  are  buried  in  Cole  Brook  Cemetery : — 

Samuel  West,  son  of  Benjamin,  1790-1866.  His  wife,  Mary 
(Pierce),  1787-1858. 

Horace,  son  of  Samuel,  1824r-1861.  His  wife  Betsey,  1823- 
1911. 

Dexter  West,  cousin  to  Samuel,  1834-1913.  His  wife  Julia  E., 
1839-1907. 

In  the  small  yard  opposite  lies  Benjamin,  Jr.,  brother  of  Samuel, 
1807-1887.  Also  hU  wife  Lucinda  (Payson)  West,  1804-1887. 
Also  two  sisters  of  Benjamin  West,  —  Eliza  and  Lydia  (wife  of 
Cromwell  Horton).  Also  Sarah  Bray  ton,  sister  of  Lucinda  Pay- 
son  West. 

Just  across  the  way  from  the  Cole  Brook  Cemetery  is  the  family 
burying  ground  of  Joshua  Pierce,  who  died  Nov.  25,  1803,  aged 


REHOBOTH   CEMETERIES  291 

49  years.  Revolutionary  soldier,  killed  by  falling  from  his  horse. 
Manufactured  knee-buckles  on  Cole  Brook.  Susanna  (Round) 
his  wife,  died  in  1850,  aged  97  years. 

Joshua  Pierce  (son  of  the  former)  died  Nov.  19,  1875,  aged  78 
years.  He  made  the  first  cast-iron  plows  in  New  England. 
Betsy  Wheaton,  his  wife,  died  in  1890,  aged  86  years. 

Wilson  D.  Pierce  (son  of  Joshua,  Jr.),  1842-1904.  Member  of 
the  Rhode  Island  Hospital  Guard  and  Veteran  of  the  Civil  War. 

Wheaton  Pierce,  brother  of  Wilson  D.,  killed  at  the  battle  of 
Cold  Harbor,  June  6,  1864,  aged  32  years. 

The  family  descent  is  traced  as  follows:  Capt.  Michael  Pierce,* 

b.  1615;  Ephraim,'  b. ;  Ephraim,  Jr.,'  b.  1674;  Dea.  Mial/ 

b.  April  24,  1693;  Joshua,"^  b.  1726;  Joshua,*  b.  1754;  Joshua,' 
b.  1797;  Wilson  D.,«  b.  1842  (one  of  thirteen  children). 

niE  STEVENS  CORNER  CEMETERY 

This  yard  is  in  North  Rehoboth,  on  the  road  leading  to  Reho- 
both  Village  (Annawan  Street),  and  is  in  the  care  of  the  Stevens 
Corner  Association,  Mrs.  Albert  R.  Lewis,  Secretary.  Only  one 
lot  is  under  perpetual  care.  There  is  great  need  of  funds  for 
putting  and  keeping  in  order  this  interesting  old  yard.  Mr. 
Charles  F.  Wilmarth  is  caretaker. 

More  than  seven  hundred  bodies  are  buried  here,  with  very 
few  expensive  stones.  Some  of  the  more  distinguished  names 
are:  — 

Lemuel  Morse,  Esq.,  died  March  30,   1869,  aged  74  years. 

Abagail  Morse  (wife),  died  Oct.  5,  1869,  aged  73  years.     Eliza 

Morse  (daughter),  died  June  3,  1865,  aged  29  years. 

**Shed  not  for  me  the  bitter  tear 
Nor  give  the  heart  to  vain  regret: 
'Tis  but  the  casket  that  lies  here: 
The  gem  that  filled  it  sparkles  yet." 

"Squire  Morse"  was  prominent  in  civic  and  educational  affairs 
and  was  greatly  respected. 

Amos  Round,  Revolutionary  soldier,  died  1815,  aged  79  years. 

John  Round,  Revolutionary  soldier,  died  1847,  aged  89  years. 

Nathan  Hicks,  Patriot  of  the  Revolution,  died  1845,  aged  84 
years. 

Albert  F.  Smith,  soldier  in  the  Civil  War,  died  1863,  aged  21 
years. 


292  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTII 

Charles  Boweii,  soldier  in  the  Civil  War,  died  1904,  aged  86 
years. 

Charles  W.  Bowen  (son  of  Charles),  soldier  in  the  Civil  War, 
died  1902,  aged  57  years. 

Cyrus  A.  Bowen  (also  son  of  Charles),  soldier  in  the  Civil  War, 
died  1892,  aged  44  years. 

Other  Civil  War  veterans  buried  in  this  yard  are: 

George  L.  Davis,  died  1864,  aged  21  years. 

Ira  H.  Round,  died  Oct.  19,  1868,  aged  23  years. 

Jason  W.  Fuller,  1825-1896,  Co.  H,  3d  Regt.  Mass.  Vols. 

Albert  S.  Pratt,  died  1906,  aged  65  years. 

Prancis  H.  Simmons,  died  at  Harpers  Perry,  1862,  in  his  22d 
year. 

William  D.  Packard,  1838-1900,  Co.  G,  4th  Mass. 

Menzias  R.  Randall,  M.D.,  died  July  23,  1882,  aged  88  years. 
A  popular  physician  and  politician.    State  Senator,  1859-60. 

George  H.  Randall,  M.D.  (son  of  the  former),  died  May  6, 
1915,  aged  63  years. 

Rev.  George  W.  Wallace,  1814-1880.  Caroling  (his  wife),  1816- 
1886. 

Remember  Smith  (granite  monument),  1822-1891.  Prominent 
in  town  affairs  and  representative  to  the  General  Court,  1881. 

Othniel  Stevens  (son  of  Grenville),  died  in  1903,  aged  82  years. 

Jathniel  Peck,  died  in  1812  in  the  87th  year  of  his  age. 

"Stand  still,  kind  reader,  spend  a  tear 
Upon  the  dust  that  slumbers  here: 
And  when  you  read  the  fate  of  me. 
Think  on  the  glass  that  runs  for  thee." 

He  was  the  son  of  Ebenezer  and  Margaret  (Whitaker)  Peck  of 
Palmer's  River,  who  established  the  iron-forging  privilege  on 
Meadow  Hill  Brook. 
Jotham  Round  died  in  1877,  aged  72  years: 

"We  miss  thee  when  the  morning  dawns; 
We  miss  thee  when  the  night  returns. 
We  miss  thee  here,  we  miss  thee  there. 
Father,  we  miss  thee  everywhere." 

Cephas  Keith,  died  Feb.  16,  1913,  aged  85  years. 
Jarvis  B.  Smith  (son  of  Aaron),  died  Nov.  13,  1894,  aged  93 
years.    Three  of  his  children  died  in  one  week  of  typhoid  fever. 
Sybil  Lane,  died  Aug.  26,  1910,  aged  101  years. 


REHOBOTH  CEMETERIES  293 

Hugh  Bullock,  died  in  1771  in  the  65th  year  of  his  age. 

The  earliest  recorded  burial  is  Dorcas  Bullock,  daughter  of 
Capt.  James  Bullock,  died  in  1820  in  the  90th  year  of  her  age. 

In  this  ancient  cemetery  there  are  many  unmarked  graves,  and 
some  are  marked  by  short,  rude  stones  with  no  inscription. 

A  little  farther  down  the  road  is  a  small  family  graveyard  in 
which  a  tomb  was  built  in  1848  by  Eneas  Round,  who  died  soon 
after  at  the  age  of  75  years.  His  body  remained  in  the  tomb  until 
his  wife  Mary  died  in  1886,  aged  93,  when  she  was  buried  by  his 
side. 

Close  to  this  yard,  but  within  the  highway  limits,  is  a  very 
crude  old  stone  resting  on  the  ground  like  a  grave-stone,  with  this 
rough  inscription: 

meaning  "8  miles  to  Taunton," 
probably  the  la^st  way-mark  of  its 
kind  in  town. 


M 

8 
T 


THE  BRIGGS  CORNER  CEMETERY 

This  yard  in  under  the  care  of  the  Briggs  (Jorncr  Cemetery  As- 
sociation, Mrs.  J.  J^.  Merry,  Secretary. 

The  cemetery  has  two  parts,  tlic  old  or  free  part  and  the  new, 
which  was  opened  about  forty-five  years  ago.  In  the  old  part 
many  of  the  stones  are  of  blue  slate  and  some  of  the  graves  are 
more  than  a  hundred  years  old. 

Among  the  oldest  are  the  names  of  Samuel  Macomber,  who 
died  in  1771,  aged  53;  Remember  Kent,  who  died  in  1773,  aged 
28;  Jacob  Kent,  who  died  in  1780;  and  Samuel  Blackinton,  who 
died  in  1803. 

Both  parts  are  fairly  well  kept,  but  without  funds  for  perpetual 
care.  A  good  wall  separates  the  yard  from  the  highway.  Many 
of  the  burials  have  been  of  Attleborough  residents,  as  a  large  part 
of  Briggs  Corner  lies  across  the  line  and  within  the  limits  of  that 
town. 

Running  parallel  with  the  road  is  a  row  of  six  plain  monuments, 
four  of  marble  and  two  of  granite,  and  all  of  a  similar  type.  One 
of  these  is  to  the  memory  of  Rev.  Thomas  Perry,  who  died  Aug. 
29,  1852,  aged  70;  and  Seba  Perry,  who  died  April  17,  1881,  aged 
67.  A  second  is  inscribed  with  the  name  of  Joseph  Wetherell, 
1800-1882.    A  third  to  Samuel  Sanford,  1773-1884;   and  to  hb 


294  HISTORY  OF  REOHBOTH 

only  son  Samuel  Sumner,  who  died  in  1851,  aged  15»  to  whom 

the  following  beautiful  epitaph  refers: — 

"One  only  bud  adorned  our  bower 
And  shed  its  fragrance  round; 
We  watched  its  opening  every  hour. 
But  ah!  the  Spoiler  came  in  power 
And  dashed  it  to  the  ground. 

"Yet  not  forever  in  the  dust 
This  cherished  bud  shall  lie; 
No!  in  the  garden  of  the  just, 
Beneath  God's  glorious  eye,  we  trust 
Twill  bloom  again  on  high." 

A  fourth  monument  honors  Col.  Elkanah  Briggs,  Mass.  Militia, 
and  his  son  Nelson  Briggs,  1822-1891.  A  fifth  (of  granite)  is  in 
memory  of  James  Mugg,  1807-1884.  The  sixth  (also  of  granite) 
is  to  Darius  Briggs,  1826-1914. 

Enclosed  by  an  iron  fence  is  a  stone  in  honor  of  Elder  David 
Steere,  once  preacher  at  the  Irons  Church,  not  far  away,  but  now 
gone  and  its  site  obliterated.    Died  Dec.  1,  1854,  in  his  64th  year. 

Another  stone  bears  the  name  of  Elder  Samuel  Northrup,  **min- 
ister  of  the  Baptist  Church  in  Rehoboth"  (the  Irons  Church), 
died  in  1812,  aged  58. 

On  another  stone  we  read: 

"In  memory  of  Deacon  Ezekial  Kent  who  died 
May  17,  1842,  in  his  98th  year.  He  had  been  a  pro- 
fessor of  religion  74  years  and  sustained  the  office  of 
Deacon  72  years.  The  number  of  his  descendants 
at  the  time  of  his  deatli  was  upwards  of  160. 

'With  long  life  shall  I  satisfy  him  and  show  him 
my  salvation.'  Ps.  91: 16.  In  memory  of  Mrs. 
Ruth  Kent,  consort  of  Deacon  Ezekial  Kent. 
Died  Dec.  8,  1818.  In  her  74th  year.  She  left  9 
children,  60  grandchildren,  34  great-grandchildren." 

Other  names  are: 

Dr.  Seth  Bellow,  died  in  1834,  aged  43. 

Dr.  George  Fuller,  died  in  1834,  aged  46. 

Seneca  Sanford,  Esq.,  died  in  1852,  aged  53. 

Names  of  soldiers  or  patriots  of  the  Revolution  are:  Jonathan 
Wilmarth,  Joseph  Barrows,  David  Perry,  Ezra  Perry,  Ichobod 
Perry,  Daniel  Balkom,  Isaac  Perry. 

These  graves  are  marked  with  flags,  and  also  the  graves  of 
soldiers  in  the  civil  war,  whose  names  follow:    James  Perry, 


REHOBOTH  CEMETERIES  295 

Mortimer  Sherman,  George  B.  Torrey,  Asa  Hicks,  William  Cas- 
well, Barton  Freeman,  Vernon  Lane,  Eli  Barrett,  Edward  Crotty, 
Edward  Atkinson,  Samuel  A.  Cash,  George  Thrasher,  Aaron  B. 
Burt. 

Other  family  names  may  be  mentioned,  as  Smith,  Newell, 
Ingalls,  Miller,  Snow,  Cole,  Reed,  Carpenter,  Knight,  Campbell, 
Shaw,  Paine,  Slater,  Worrall,  Stoddard,  Handy,  Slade,  Ring, 
McCann,  Hewitt,  Knapp,  Howland,  Horr,  French,  Richmond, 
Porter,  Sumner,  Thayer,  Gould,  Draper,  Cranston,  Richards, 
Dryers,  Willis,  Downey. 

THE  SMALLER  YARDS 

The  Wheeler  and  Horton  Cemetery 

The  Wheeler  and  Horton  Cemetery  is  located  at  **Horton's 
Signal"  and  is  one  of  the  best  private  burial-places  in  the  town, 
containing  about  half  an  acre  and  enclosed  by  an  excellent  wall. 
The  stones  are  mostly  granite  and  the  yard  is  under  perpetual 
care. 

Here  is  buried  Shubael  Wheeler,  a  soldier  of  the  Revolution, 
born  Sept.  29,  1768,  in  the  old  Wheeler  House  across  the  way, 
now  gone.    He  died  Feb.  20,  1812. 

His  father  was  Philip  Wheeler,  called  Capt.  Wheeler,  bom  at 
Rehoboth,  May  4,  1733.  He  was  accepted  by  the  D.  A.  R.  as 
"Patriot." 

His  grandfather  was  Capt.  Philip  Wheeler,  who  died  in  Reho- 
both Sept.  19, 1765,  in  his  66th  year.  He  is  designated  as  ''Colonel 
Wheeler." 

Shubael's  daughter,  Lavina,  married  Simeon  Horton,  who  with 
his  wife  is  buried  in  the  Wheeler  and  Horton  yard.  He  was  de- 
scended from  Solomon  Horton  of  Dighton  (Thomas,*  Solomon,' 
Solomon  Jr.,'  Daniel,*  born  Jan.  30,  1749-50,  Simeon^).  He  was 
born  Sept.  27,  1784,  and  died  1833.  Some  of  his  children  are 
buried  here;  Daniel  M.,  1816-1893,  with  Adeline  his  wife,  1833- 
1872,  and  their  son-in-law,  Albert  T.  Cobb;  Edward  Hiram,  1820- 
1904,  and  his  two  wives  Hannah  and  Maria  (Nichols);  George 
Leonard,  1824-1907,  unmarried. 

Edward  Hiram  kept  a  store  nearby  for  many  years.  His  daugh- 
ter Mary,  wife  of  George  D.  Nichols,  is  buried  here,  and  his  nephew 
Hiram  Kingman,  and  wife  Isadore  (Baker). 


296  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

The  Esbk  Pierce  Yard 

This  ancient  biirying-ground  is  located  on  the  Alfred  C.  Case 
farm,  near  the  Hombine  Church.  Here  several  generations  of 
Pierces  are  interred.  The  first  burial  was  that  of  Capt.  Mial 
Pierce,  son  of  Dea.  Mial  and  brother  of  Joshua,  who  died  March 
16,  1792,  in  his  71st  year.  Patience  (Martin),  his  wife,  died  Aug. 
12,  1770,  in  her  62d  year.  Capt.  Mial  served  as  town  constable 
in  1766. 

Here  lies  Henry  Pierce,  son  of  Joshua  and  Mary  (Horton), 
who  died  Feb.  12,  1829,  in  his  79th  year. 

Lydia  Mason,  his  wife,  died  Aug.  21,  1839,  in  her  84th  year. 

Esek  Pierce,  son  of  Henry,  died  Aug.  4,  1870,  in  his  84th  year. 

Czarina  (Brown),  his  wife,  died  in  1841,  in  her  47th  year. 

Esek  had  a  son,  Esek  Henry,  whose  place  of  burial  is  unknown. 

A  small  monument  bears  the  name  Barnard  Pierce,  brother  of 
Henry,  who  died  May  6,  1842,  aged  78.  Mary  (Rounds),  his  wife» 
died  Nov.  16,  1849,  aged  82  years;  1767-1849. 

The  apparent  number  of  graves  is  forty-four. 

One  stone  has  the  name  of  Abby  Pierce,  born  Jan.  16,  1780; 
died  Feb.  20,  1869,  aged  88. 

The  line  of  descent  is  Capt.  Michael,*  Ephraim,*  Ephraim,  Jr.,* 
Dea.  Mial,^  Joshua,^  Henry,*  Esek,'  Esek  Henry*. 

The  Peleg  Pierce  Yard 

This  cemetery,  now  neglected  and  grown  up  with  bushes,  is 
located  on  the  old  Nathan  and  Peleg  Pierce  furm,  at  the  end  of 
Pierce  Lane,  remote  from  the  highway  and  within  half  a  mile  of 
the  Horton  school-house.  Here  are  buried  numerous  descendants 
of  Elder  Nathan  Pierce,  who  had  sixteen  children.  One  of  these 
was  Peleg,  who  always  lived  on  the  home  place,  1766-1828,  and 
who  with  his  five  wives  is  buried  in  this  lot.  Their  names  are: 
Hannah  (Martin),  Phoebe  (Salsbury),  Mehitabel  (Pierce),  Abi 
(Martin),  and  Martha  (Cornell).  The  remains  of  Elder  Nathan 
and  his  son  Elder  Preserved  and  others  have  been  transferred  to 
the  Village  Cemetery,  while  the  old  yard  is  marked  for  oblivion. 

Beside  the  lane  leading  to  the  old  Pierce  homestead  is  the  con- 
spicuous lot  of  Isaac  Pierce,  son  of  Elder  Nathan,  a  soldier  of  the 
Revolution,  1763-1849;  above  his  grave  is  a  large  mound  from 
the  top  of  which  a  stone  rises  plainly  inscril)e(l.    He  was  the  father 


REHOBOTH  CEMETERIES  297 

of  Lyman  Pierce,  a  successful  merchant,  and  grandfather  of  Hon. 
Addison  P.  Munroe,  who  has  provided  a  fund  for  the  perpetual 
care  of  the  lot. 


The  Nichols,  Cole  and  Moulton  Yard 

This  enclosure  contains  one-third  of  an  acre,  set  off  from  the 
Nichols  and  Moulton  farms,  situated  half  a  mile  directly  south  of 
Mt.  Terrydiddle  on  Moulton  Street.  The  oldest  person  buried 
here  is  Otis  Nichols  who  died  Feb.  2,  1888,  aged  92  years.  Galen, 
brother  of  Otis,  is  honored  by  a  small  but  fine  granite  monument. 
He  married  Huldah  Martin  of  Swansea.  He  died  March  2,  1877, 
aged  78.  An  ancestor,  Capt.  Israel  Nichols*,  is  buried  in  an  old 
orchard  on  the  other  side  of  the  road,  having  died  of  small-pox 
in  the  year  1800.  He  was  a  Revolutionary  soldier.  His  wife 
Rhoda  lies  beside  liim.    The  order  of  descent  is: 

Galen,*  Stephen,' 
Thomas,*  Richard,'  Richard,'  Israel,*  Israel,^  <  Otis,* 

^Samuel,*  Geo.  D.' 

Albert  Cole  is  buried  in  this  yard. 

Of  the  three  Moulton  brothers  buried  here,  Elihu,  Jr.,*  has  the 
most  prominent  stone;  1807-1845.  His  wife  was  Mary  Powell 
of  Taunton,  whom  he  married  Aug.  17,  1832.  His  father  Elihu,^ 
born  Oct.  23,  1781,  married  Nancy  Pitts  of  Cranston,  R.I.,  March 
17,  1803.  He  was  the  son  of  Stephen*  and  Deborah  Mason,  who 
was  the  son  of  Stephen'  and  Hannah  Bliss,  who  was  the  son  of 
Stephen*  and  Rebecca. 

Elihu,  Jr.,*  had  twin  brothers,  George  Nelson*  and  John  Brooks,* 
who  were  born  Feb.  11,  1821.  John  B.  died  Oct.  3,  1894,  aged  73, 
and  George  N.,  March  6,  1896,  aged  74.  For  years  they  lived  by 
themselves  unmarried,  on  the  home  place  across  the  way,  and  were 
thought  to  be  eccentric,  a  natural  result  of  their  isolation. 

The  order  of  descent  is:  George,*  John,*  and  Elihu*  of  Elihu,* 
of  Stephen,*  of  Stephen,*  of  Stephen.*  The  first  Stephen  was  a 
deacon  in  the  Congregational  Church  at  Palmer's  River,  and  he 
and  his  son  Stephen  are  buried  in  that  old  churchyard. 

The  Moulton  part  of  the  yard  has  no  care,  but  is  thickly  covered 
with  Periwinkle  which  in  May  is  bright  with  beautiful  blue  blos- 
soms. 


298  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

TuE  J.  Stillman  Pierce  Yard 

This  family  enclosure,  containing  an  eighth  of  an  acre  on  Kelton 
Street,  was  laid  out  about  the  year  1840,  at  first  well  up  on  Mt. 
Terrydiddle,  but  later  removed  to  its  base.  Its  wall  was  built 
by  the  Millerite  preacher  at  Oak  Swamp,  Elder  M .  Gammons* 
who,  while  preaching  the  immediate  coming  of  Christ,  earned  his 
bread  "by  the  sweat  of  his  face." 

Here  are  buried  Nathan  Pierce,  1777-1861,  and  his  wife  Rhoda 
(Guiles),  daughter  of  Dea.  Ebenezer  Guiles  of  Wrentham,  1783- 
1858.  Near  by  rest  their  three  sons,  Childs  R.,  1820-1845, 
married  Cynthia  (Pierce)  1822-1914,  who  survived  him  and  re- 
married; Joseph  Stillman,  1814-1897,  and  wife  Sybel  (Horton), 
1810-1897;  Reuben  G.,  1806-1855,  and  wife  Nancy  (Luther), 
daughter  of  Elder  Childs  Luther. 

Another  stone  records  the  name  of  Rebecca,  wife  of  Jonathan 
Pierce,  1778-1802.  Jonathan  was  brother  of  Nathan  and  son  of 
Nathaniel. 

Two  daughters  of  Nathan  and  Rhoda  are  buried  here  with  their 
husbands:  Eliza,  born  Oct.  9,  1801,  married  Warner  Adams, 
March  14,  1830;  he  died  in  1836  in  his  29th  year.  Nancy,  born 
Aug.  30,  1806,  married  Daniel  B.  Barney,  Aug.  22,  1844;  she  died 
in  1854,  and  is  made  to  say:  — 

"Weep  not  for  me  my  husband  dear. 
Nor  sit  and  shed  the  silent  tear; 
But  raise  your  thoughts  to  joys  on  high 
Where  saints  immortal  never  die." 

The  only  son  of  J.  Stillman  is  Charles  Everett,  born  May  26» 
1851,  who  has  the  care  of  the  yard  and  expects  to  be  buried  therein* 
The  pedigree  is:  Charles  E.,'  J.  Stillman,^  etc.,  Nathan,*  Nathan- 
iel,' Joseph,^  Azrikam,'  Ephraim,*  Capt.  Michael.* 

J.  Stillman  had  a  daughter,  Asenath  E.,  who  married  William 
Goff  and  has  two  children  resting  in  this  yard. 

The  Oak  Swamp  Burying  GROU^^> 

This  is  a  small  and  neat  family  yard  near  the  church.  The 
names  of  Pierce,  Bryant,  and  Horton  are  here  represented. 

Elder  James  L.  Pierce,  1822-1897,  preached  at  both  the  Oak 
Swamp  and  the  Hombine  Churches  for  some  years.  He  also  held 
pastorates  in  other  places.  His  wife  Sarah  M.  (Bryant),  1820- 
1893,  to  whom  he  was  married  on  the  16th  of  Aug.,  1840. 


REHOBOTH  CEMETERIES  299 

Here  lies  also  Anstrus  (Drown)  Bryant,  who  died  June  29» 
1877,  aged  94  years. 

The  Bosworth  Cemetery 

This  is  also  a  small  family  burying-ground  located  about  six- 
hundred  yards  north  of  the  Hornbine  Church.  It  has  a  neglected 
appearance.  The  Bosworths  and  Joneses  are  buried  here,  and  a 
soldier  of  the  Civil  War,  Edward  P.  West,  who  died  in  the  battle 
of  the  Wilderness  in  1864. 

The  James  Horton  Family  Yard 

This  is  in  South  Rehoboth,  on  Pleasant  Street,  half  a  mile 
south  of  Horton *s  Signal.  It  is  set  with  fine  marble  slabs  and  has 
the  best  possible  care.  It  was  set  apart  by  James  Horton  on  a 
spot  of  land  near  his  house.    The  inscriptions  are  as  follows: — 

'*James  Horton,  died  Jan.  10,  1875,  in  the  83rd  year  of  his  age. 

*'A  light  from  our  household  is  gone; 
A  voice  we  loved  is  stilled; 
A  place  is  vacant  at  our  hearth 
Which  never  can  be  filled." 


•'Sophia  (Wheaton)  Horton,  died  Feb.  24,  1849,  in  the  63rd 
year  of  her  age.'* 

"Our  mother,  she  was  all  that  word 
So  full  of  meaning  can  express; 
And  tho'  her  earthly  sun  is  set, 
Its  light  shall  linger  round  us  yet. 
Pure,  radiant,  blest." 

"Samuel  L.  Peirce,  Apr.  13,  1828~Aug.  31,  1911." 

"Ann  Eliza  (Horton)  Peirce,  March  26,  1832-Oct.  5,  1911. 

"Until  the  day  breaks  and  the  shadows  flee  away." 

Two  graves  without  stones  hold  the  precious  remains  of  Horace 
Le  Baron  Horton,  Feb.  22,  1820-June  23,  1870,  and  Emeline 
Baker  Horton,  Feb.  16,  1819-Jan.  25,  1889. 

The  Samuel  T.  Wheeler  Cemetery 

The  Samuel  T.  Wheeler  Cemetery  is  situated  on  a  beautiful 
knoll  of  oaks  on  the  opposite  side  of  the  road  from  the  James 
Horton  lot,  and  is  under  perpetual  care. 

Samuel  T.  Wheeler  died  in  1864  in  his  81st  year. 


300  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

John  W.  Horton  (son-in-law),  180&-1889. 

Mary  A.  Wheeler  Horton  (daughter),  1813-1000. 

Their  son  Edward  Horton  is  buried  here. 

A  daughter,  Rachel  C,  died  Dec.  4,  1836,  in  her  22d  year. 

"'Farewell,  brothers  and  parents  dear, 
I've  left  this  world  of  pain. 
And  when  you  see  this  hillock  here 
Remember  we  shall  meet  again." 

Other  members  of  these  families  rest  here  under  the  trees  on 
land  which  belonged  to  the  Wheeler  farm.  It  is  expected  that 
Edward  Horton 's  widow  will  be  the  last  person  to  be  buried  on 
this  lot. 

The  Jonathan  Wheeler  Cemeteky 

The  Jonathan  Wheeler  Cemetery  is  situated  a  mile  or  more 
north  of  the  Orleans  Factory  on  Wheeler  Street,  and  is  in  good 
condition. 

Here  rests  Dea.  Jonathan  Wheeler,  who  died  Sept.  13,  1869, 
in  his  77th  year.  He  was  an  officer  in  the  Oak  Swamp  Baptist 
Church.  Rachel  his  wife  (daughter  of  Nathan  and  Betsy  Goff) 
died  Nov.  6,  1869,  in  the  80th  year  of  her  age. 

One  son,  Dea.  Nathan  G.  Wheeler,  Nov.  20,  1826-Jan.  10,  1897, 
and  his  wife  Julia  M.  (Kendrick)  Wheeler,  died  July  4,  1892,  and 
also  three  daughters  are  buried  here;  one  of  these,  Elizabeth  S., 
bom  March  30,  1829,  married  Rev.  Charles  P.  Walker,  donor  of 
a  fund  for  the  perpetual  care  of  the  lot.  A  few  other  bodies  rest 
in  this  yard. 

The  Hunt  Graveyard 

The  Hunt  graveyard  is  a  small,  rough  enclosure  at  the  corner  of 
Broad  and  Salisbury  Streets.  Here  seven  at  least  of  the  Hunt 
family  are  buried,  three  of  whom  died  in  1777, — a  son  and  two 
daughters  of  Isaiah  and  Mary  (Blake)  Hunt.  Isaiah  was  the  son 
of  John  and  Susanna  (Sweeting),  and  John  was  the  son  of  Ephraim 
who  gave  the  "Ministerial"  estate  to  the  Church. 

The  Medbury  Graveyard 

The  Medbury  yard  is  north  of  Rocky  Hill,  near  the  Willis 
school-house,  —  a  very  small  yard  with  few  graves.  The  prin- 
cipal stone  is  inscribed  thus: — 


REHOBOTH  CEMETERIES  301 

"Sacred  to  the  Memory  of 
Ebeiiezer  Medbury, 

who  died  Jan.  24,  1825. 
in  the  68th  year  of  his  age. 

Revolutionary  Soldier.'* 

A  companion  stone  reads: — 

*Widow    Elizabeth  Medbury,  died  Sept.  5,  1851,  in 
the  84th  year  of  her  age. 

* 'Beloved  in  life,  lamented  in  death, 
Calm  and  resigned  she  yielded  up  her  breath, 
Freed  from  life's  care  and  every  pain. 
Our  loss,  we  trust  is  her  eternal  gain." 

The  Buss  Burying  Ground 

The  Bliss  burying-ground  in  the  northwest  part  of  the  town  is 
a  small  unkept  lot  in  which  are  buried :  — 

Abel  Bliss  (son  of  Abiah  and  grandson  of  Lieut.  Ephraim  Bliss), 
died  Nov.  2,  1852,  in  the  90th  year  of  his  age. 

Lucy  (Carpenter),  wife  of  Abel  Bliss,  who  died  Aug.  3,  1835, 
aged  (>0  years. 

"With  poverty  of  spirit  blest, 
Rest;   happy  saint,  in  Jesus  rest." 

Other  names  are  Lucy  and  Sally  Bliss;  Huldah  B.  Tripp; 
Ilulduh,  wife  of  Joseph  Pierce;  Mary  K.,  wife  of  Jason  P.  Lord; 
and  several  children. 


The  IIix  Cemetery 

The  IIix  Cemetery  is  located  back  from  the  road  leading  west- 
ward from  the  Oak  Swamp  Schoolhouse,  now  Brook  Street.  It 
is  a  part  of  the  old  Hix  homestead,  afterwards  the  Samuel  Baker 
homestead,  where  Mrs.  Samuel  Baker  ("Aunt  Patience")  resided 
for  more  than  eighty  years.  She  and  her  husband  and  several 
other  members  of  the  Baker  family  are  buried  in  this  yard.  (For 
dates  see  Personal  Sketches.) 

Elder  John  Hix  lived  on  tliis  farm,  and  here  his  two  sons  were 
doubtless  born,  Jacob  and  Daniel,  both  of  whom  became  preachers. 
His  grave  is  in  this  lot,  which  he  had  set  apart.  He  died  in  March, 
1799,  aged  87  years. 

Also  his  son  Elder  Jacob  Hix,  who  died  March  30,  1809,  in  the 
70th  year  of  his  age.    He  was  for  about  thirty  years  pastor  of  the 


302  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Oak  Swamp  Church,  while  he  tilled  his  farm»  entailed  from  his 
father,  and  ran  his  saw-mill  on  the  brook  back  of  his  house. 

Another  stone  marks  the  grave  of  Elder  Childs  Luther  who 
followed  Elder  Hix  as  pastor  of  the  Church,  which  he  served  from 
1809  to  1841.  The  tomb  here  was  erected  by  Nathan  Bowen,  Jr., 
in  1820.    He  died  in  1853  aged  90  years. 

Two  veterans  of  the  Civil  War  rest  here:  Charles  Miller  and 
Alexander  Williams  (colored). 

In  this  lot  lies  interred  the  body  of  William  Horton  (son  of 
William),  died  Nov.  16,  1860,  aged  89  years. 

**11  sons  his  inheritance. 
Posterity  his  reward." 

The  Goff  and  Wheeler  Cemetery 

This  is  an  old,  neglected  yard  opposite  the  town-house  on  the 
Bay  State  Road.  On  the  left  of  the  steps  as  you  enter  from  the 
road  is  the  grave  of  Joseph  Goff  1st,  who  was  the  son  of  Richard, 
who  was  the  son  of  Anthony.  He  died  Jan.  18,  1829,  in  the  95th 
year  of  his  age. 

"Death  is  a  debt  to  nature  due: 
IVe  paid  my  debt  and  so  must  you." 

His  wife  Patience  (Thurber)  died  Sept.  3,  1819,  in  the  87th 
year  of  her  age.  Joseph  and  Patience  had  eleven  daughters,  one 
of  whom,  Mehitable,  married  (1)  Levi  Goff,  and  (2)  Elder  Childs 
Luther.    She  died  April  2,  1857,  aged  83  years,  and  is  buried  here. 

Joseph  had  also  a  son  Richard  who  was  the  father  of  Nelson, 
who  was  the  father  of  George  Nelson.  Richard  died  Sept.  1, 
1836,  aged  87  years,  and  his  grave  is  in  this  yard.  His  wife  Me- 
hitable, daughter  of  Stephen  Bullock,  died  in  1843,  aged  76. 

Here  rests  also  Joseph  Goff  2d,  son  of  Joseph  and  Patience, 
who  died  Sept.  12, 1840,  in  his  69th  year;  also  his  son  Joseph 
Goff  3d,  who  died  Jan.  22,  1874,  in  the  72d  year  of  his  age. 

Also  Cromwell  Wheeler,  who  died  March  14,  1884,  aged  95 
years.    Olive,  his  wife,  died  Nov.  21,  .1866,  aged  73  years. 

Cromwell  Wheeler,  Jr.,  son  of  Cromwell  and  Olive,  died  in 
1905,  aged  91.  Abby  (Goff),  his  wife,  died  in  1897,  aged  79  years. 
Several  of  their  descendants  also  rest  here. 

Nearly  every  stone  in  the  yard  bears  an  epitaph.  One  of  these 
reads: 


REHOBOTH  CEMETERIES  303 

"How  fondly  we  loved  thee 
No  pencil  can  tell; 
Nor  the  anguish  it  caused  us 
To  bid  thee  farewell." 

The  Millard  Yard 

The  Millard  Yard  is  located  one-fourth  of  a  mile  north  of  the 
Oak  Swamp  Meeting  House,  containing  about  a  quarter  of  an 
acre,  enclosed  by  a  very  old  wall  and  utterly  neglected.  Here 
are  some  twenty-five  graves,  a  few  of  them  very  old:  Samuel 
Millard,  died  May  24,  1826,  in  his  77th  year;  Mary  his  wife  died 
Dec.  6,  1810.  Here  also  are  Henry  and  Sarah,  Samuel  and  Rachel 
(Wright). 

Among  the  old  slate  stones  difficult  to  decipher  are  Mary,  died 
Aug.  18,  1720,  aged  17;  another  Mary  died  in  1729,  aged  29.  A 
Nancy  Millard  was  buried  in  1782. 

The  Millard  family  settled  in  this  section  very  early  in  the 
eighteenth  century.  One  Samuel,  whose  wife  inherited  Milton 
Hill  Summit,  removed  from  Rehoboth  to  that  place.  His  son  was 
a  graduate  of  Oxford  University,  England.  His  cousin  Thomas 
owned  and  deeded  the  State  House  lot  to  the  State  of  Massa- 
chusetts.   (See  Fifth  Report  of  Commissioners,  1880,  p.  79.) 

The  Otis  J.  Martin  Cemetery 

Located  in  the  Martin  neighborhood  in  South  Rehoboth,  —  a 
small  yard  inclosed  by  a  double  wall. 

Ambrose  Martin,  died  April  14,  1854,  aged  71.  Had  two  wives: 
Phoebe,  died  1810,  and  Polly,  died  1878. 

Lydia,  daughter  of  Ambrose  and  Polly,  died  Jan.  7,  1853,  in 

her  37th  year.    Otis  J.,  son,  born  April  15,  1825,  died  March  10, 

1900.    Had  two  wives:  Celia,  died  July  6,  1851,  aged  28  years. 

*'£are  we'll  hope  to  meet  again 
In  brighter  worlds:  farewell  till  then." 

Sophia  M.,  born  Jan.  11,  1829,  died  Oct.  20,  1905.  A  fibe 
granite  stone  marks  their  resting-place. 

Abby,  daughter  of  Otis  and  Sophia,  died  March  10,  1865,  aged 
4  years,  9  mos.  and  10  days. 

"Little  Abby  has  gone  home  to  Jesus." 

John  E.,  son  of  Otis  and  Sophia  M.,  died  Dec.  9,  1882,  aged  19 
years. 


304  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

*'God  saw  when  his  footsteps  faltered. 
When  his  heart  grew  weak  and  faint. 
He  marked  when  his  strength  was  failing. 
And  listened  to  each  complaint; 
For  the  pathway  had  grown  too  steep. 
And  folded  in  fair,  green  pastures, 
He  gave  our  loved  one  sleep." 

A  double  stone  apart  from  the  rest  has  the  names  of  Joseph  and 
Harriet  Byrne,  parents  of  Mrs.  Geo.  H.  Martin:  Joseph,  1849- 
1906;  Harriet,  1843-1915.  Clarence  H.,  a  little  son  of  Geo.  H. 
and  Lillie  M.,  rests  here. 

The  Lovel  Goff  Yard 

This  old  yard  is  located  on  Elm  Avenue  and  contains  about 
one-eighth  of  an  acre.  It  is  now  grown  up  to  bushes.  An  immense 
cluster  of  lilacs  adorns  it  center, —  l)eautiful  and  fragrant  in  their 
season.  About  one-third  of  the  area  is  covered  with  the  charming 
lily  of  the  valley,  its  tiny  white  bells  sweetly  fragrant  in  May  and 
early  June.  Here  are  buried  members  of  the  GofT  family,  includ- 
ing Lovel  GofT,  who  died  Jan.  13,  1832,  in  his  70th  year;  also 
Lydia,  his  wife.  At  least  five  sons  of  Squier  and  Grisell,  viz.: 
Israel  (Revolutionary  soldier),  Squier,  Constant,  Charles  and 
Sylvanus;  also  Cromwell,  Baylies  and  others.  Other  family 
names  are  Hix,  Wheeler,  Salisbury,  and  Ilorton.  Levi  Salisbury 
(1794-1882)  was  the  last  burial  here.  The  remains  of  Isaiah  and 
Lydia  (GofT)  Bowen,  parents  of  William  Henry,  have  been  re- 
moved to  the  Village  Cemetery. 

The  Rounds  Graveyard 

This  very  old,  neglected  yard  lies  off  Plain  Street  in  South  Re- 
hoboth.  Its  location  is  on  a  picturesque  ridge  bordering  a  ravine 
running  parallel  to  the  highway  and  would  not  be  noticed  in  pass- 
ing. Here  are  three  small  stones  bearing  the  name  of  Rounds: 
George  Rounds,  died  Oct.  3, 1791,  in  his  73d  year;  Chace  Rounds, 
died  Jan.  15,  1821,  in  his  76th  year.  "In  memory  of  Hannah, 
wife  of  Chace  Rounds,  who  died  Jan.  14,  1827,  aged  78  years.** 

There  are  numerous  graves  along  the  ridge,  marked  by  rude 
stones  stuck  in  the  ground  without  inscription.  Some  of  the 
buriak  doubtless  date  back  from  one  hundred  and  fifty  to  two 
hundred  years. 


CHAPTER  XIV 
BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES 

BAKER,  EMMA  M.,  daughter  of  John  F.  and  Abhy  M.  (Allen) 
Baker,  is  descended  from  a  long  line  of  sturdy  ancestors.  Be- 
ginning with  the  first  Rehoboth  residents  of  the  family,  we  have 
the  following  record:  — 

John,^  married  June  17,  1714,  Susanna  Wood,  both  of  Barrington 

but  settled  in  Rehoboth.    He  died  in  1767. 
Nathaniel,'  born  July  9,  1725;  married  Sept.  13,  1750,  Experience 

Hix,  both  of  Rehoboth. 
Samuel,'  bom  in  Rehoboth  Dec.  13,  1754;  married  June  6,  1777, 

Bethany  Mason  of  Swansea.    Died  Oct.  20,  1838,  in  his  85th 

year. 
Nathaniel,^  born  in  Rehoboth  Aug.  16,  1781;  married  about  1806, 

Nancy  Croswell  who  was  born  in  1783. 
John  Fenwick,^  born  in  Rehoboth,  June  11,  1813;  married  Abby 

M.  Allen,  Sept.  15,  1849.    Died  Feb.  28,  1893,  in  his  80th 

year. 
Emma  M.,*  born  at  the  paternal  homestead  in  Rehoboth. 

Her  early  educational  advantages  of  the  district  schook  were 
supplemented  by  further  study  at  East  Greenwich  Academy,  and 
at  Wheaton  Seminary,  now  Wheaton  College.  Her  home  life  was 
closely  interwoven  with  that  of  her  beloved  and  only  sister,  Sara- 
phene,  who  was  destined  to  an  early  death.  Miss  Baker  speaks 
of  her  as  "the  gentle,  warm-hearted  girl  with  a  keen  love  of  the 
beautiful  and  the  good."  She  gratefully  recalls  her  father's  deep 
interest  in  having  his  children  thoroughly  educated,  ever  seeking 
to  instill  into  their  minds  the  importance  of  careful  reading  and 
study.  In  her  mother  she  realized  those  noble  qualities  which  were 
a  never  failing  delight.  "My  mother,"  she  says,  "was  my  ideal. 
I  thank  God  for  her  as  for  no  other  gift  of  his  bestowing."  For 
many  years  this  cherished  mother  was  an  invalid,  and  no  one 
ever  received  more  tender  and  devoted  care  than  she.  The  two 
spent  a  year  together  at  the  Vendome  in  Boston,  and  no  pains 
were  spared  in  the  fruitless  effort  to  recuperate  the  mother's 
health. 

In  various  social  and  religious  activities  Miss  Baker  ranks 
among  tlic  first,  liaving  filled  with  acceptance  the  highest  positions 
in  temperance  and  church  affairs,  and  in  many  charitable  organ- 
izations. She  has  traveled  extensively  both  in  this  country  and  in 
Europe  with  an  ever  eager  and  receptive  mind.    Her  benevolence 

Isos] 
20 


306  HISTORY  OF  RBHOBOTH 

may  be  judged  by  the  fact  that  she  has  always  given  one-tenth  at 
least  of  her  income  to  charity.  The  Congregational  Church  of 
her  native  town  is  indebted  to  her  for  various  gifts,  including  its 
present  pulpit.  Other  churches  too  are  recipients  of  her  bounty. 
Her  private  gifts  are  many  and  the  bles^ings  of  the  needy  are  her 
ample  reward.  After  spending  three  years  at  the  Beaconsfield  in 
Brookline,  she  was  called  in  1909  to  look  after  the  household  of  her 
brother,  whose  children  were  bereft  of  a  mother's  care,  and  she 
has  devoted  herself  to  these  domestic  duties  with  unfailing  faith- 
fulness. Her  life  is  rich  in  service  for  others.  Even  when  a  child 
she  was  pleased  to  teach  the  ex-slaves,  employed  by  her  father, 
to  read  and  write  and  to  fill  their  minds  with  high  ideals.  In 
brief.  Miss  Baker's  well-known  qualities  of  efficiency  and  refine- 
ment render  her  worthy  of  a  high  place  among  the  excellent  wo- 
men of  her  native  town. 

BAKER,  GEORGE  PEASE,  son  of  Nathaniel  and  Nancy  Cros- 
well  Baker,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  Sept.  8,  1817.  He  received  his 
early  education  in  the  public  schools  of  his  native  town  and  later 
entered  a  private  school.  He  went  early  into  business,  and  at  the 
age  of  thirty  crossed  the  continent  and  settled  in  California.  He 
purchased  a  ranch  at  Red  Bluff  and  became  interested  in  real 
estate  in  San  Francisco.  The  last  ten  years  of  his  life  were  spent 
abroad,  and  after  two  years  of  travel  through  every  country  in 
Europe  he  made  his  home  permanently  in  Paris.  He  became 
familiar  with  the  language  and  customs  of  the  French  people  and 
established  pleasant  relations  with  many  notable  personages.  He 
was  presented  at  the  court  of  Emperor  Napoleon  III  and  enter- 
tained at  the  Royal  Palace.  His  death  occurred  March  13,  1869, 
while  on  a  visit  to  Pau,  Southern  France.  His  funeral  was  sol- 
emnized on  the  2d  day  of  May  in  the  Rehoboth  Congregational 
Church,  and  he  was  buried  in  the  Village  Cemetery.  His  monu- 
ment bears  the  following  epitaph:  — 

"He  is  not  dead  whose  body  fills 
This  melancholv  house  of  clav; 
He  lives  in  brighter  glory  still 
Than  ever  cheered  his  earthly  way. 
Full  beaming  round  his  head.*' 

BAKER,  GEORGE  PIERCE,  eminent  physician,  son  of  Samuel 
Baker,  Jr.,  and  Patience  (Pierce)  Baker,  was  born  in  South  Re- 
hoboth, Jan.  27,  1826.  On  his  mother's  side  he  was  descended 
from  Capt.  Michael  Pierce  who  was  killed  in  the  Indian  fight  near 
Pawtucket:  Patience,^  Preserved,*  Nathan,'  Miall,^  Ephraim,' 
Ephraim,'  Michael.^  He  received  the  rudiments  of  an  education 
at  the  district  school  in  Oak  Swamp  and  studied  further  at  the  See- 
konk  Classical  Seminary.    As  he  grew  up  he  desired  to  become  a 


<:)-:<)I)(;k  i'k.vsk  ii.vkku 


JOHN    F.    BAKER 


^ 

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Miw.  AllIIV  ^r.  (AI.LBN)   HAKKIl 


1 

THE  ANNAWAN  CLUH  HOUSE 


IIILL  CrtKST.     lte»i<kni'e  of  George  S.  linker 


BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES  307 

doctor.  Having  heard  of  Dr.  Thompson  of  Boston,  he  visited 
him  with  the  hope  that  he  might  be  allowed  to  study  medicine 
according  to  the  Thompsonian  School.  "Study  this  book,"  said 
Dr.  Thompson  to  him,  "and  in  three  weeks  you  will  be  a  Thomp- 
sonian doctor  readj'  to  practice."  The  idea  appeared  so  ridiculous 
to  the  young  man  that  he  decided  to  go  to  college  and  study  med- 
icine in  the  regular  course.  He  entered  Amherst  College  in  the 
class  of  1850  and  remained  through  the  Freshman  and  Sophomore 
years,  when  he  made  a  trip  to  Labrador  in  a  fishing  schooner  for 
his  health.  He  graduated  at  the  Harvard  Medical  College  in  1851, 
and  spent  a  year  in  the  hospital  at  South  Boston.  He  commenced 
practice  on  High  Street,  Providence,  where  several  doctors  had 
failed  from  lack  of  patronage.  'TIow  long  do  you  want  this  oiffice 
for?"  asked  the  landlord.  "For  five  years  at  first,"  said  Dr.  Baker. 
He  had  come  to  stay.  Business  came  slowly,  but  there  was  a  gain 
from  year  to  year,  until  from  1860  to  1875  he  had  all  he  could  do 
and  nearly  broke  down.  For  fourteen  years  he  was  medical  and 
surgical  doctor  at  the  State  Prison  at  $500  a  year.  He  was  a 
volunteer  surgeon  for  a  short  time  in  hospitals  at  Hampton,  Va., 
during  the  war.  In  1888  a  cancer  developed  on  his  lip,  which  was 
removed  by  Dr.  J.  C.  Warren,  his  former  instructor  at  the  Massa- 
chusetts General  Hospital.  But  a  year  afterwards  the  disease  re- 
appeared on  his  chin,  and  spreading  to  his  throat  caused  much 
suffering  and  ended  his  life  in  August,  1890. 

Dr.  Baker  married,  Aug.  9,  1859,  Lucy  Daily  Cady  of  Provi- 
dence. Tlircc  children  died  in  infancy.  One  son.  Prof.  George  P. 
Baker,  instructor  in  Harvard  University,  survives. 

Dr.  Baker  was  a  quiet  man,  gentle  in  manner,  strong  in  his  con- 
victions, witty  in  conversation.  In  his  profession  he  was  prompt 
and  methodical.  He  was  too  generous  to  press  the  poor  for  pay- 
ment, and  many  never  paid.  On  his  own  part  he  was  scrupulously 
honest,  owing  no  man  anything.  Like  his  father,  he  was  a  man  of 
rugged  character,  and  wise  in  judgment.  With  him  each  case  had 
its  own  treatment  and  there  was  little  of  mere  routine  in  his  prac- 
tice. His  brother  physicians  often  turned  to  him  for  professional 
help  in  their  sickness.  Although  he  knew,  months  before,  the  in- 
evitable outcome  of  his  malady,  he  bore  his  great  trial  with  Chris- 
tian faith  and  courage,  and  died  with  a  large  hope  in  a  future  life. 

BAKER,  IRA  STILLMAN,  man  of  affairs,  was  born  on  the  Baker 
homestead  in  South  Rehoboth,  Mass.,  July  20,  1812.  He  was  the 
son  of  Samuel  Baker,  Jr.,  and  Patience  (Pierce)  Baker.  Through 
his  father  he  was  descended  from  Samson  Mason  of  Swansea, 
Mass.,  and  through  his  mother  from  Capt.  Michael  Pierce  of 
Scituate,  the  famous  Indian  fighter.  He  married,  (1)  Sarah  Ann 
Allen,  by  whom  he  had  Otis  Allen  (see  sketch)  and  Andrew;  (2) 
Harriet  Wheaton  Ilorton,  daughter  of  James  Horton  2d,  by  whom 


308  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

he  had  Josephine  L.,  Adelaide  F.  (married  Joseph  A.  Arnold)* 
Seth  W.  (married  Nancy  W.  Lake),  An^pline  N.  (married  David 
H.  Bosworth),  Isadore  S.  (married  Hiram  W.  Kingman),  H. 
Lenora,  and  John  B. 

Mr.  Baker  was  prominent  in  town  affairs  for  many  years,  and  in 
1860  was  representative  to  the  General  Court.  He  was  repeatedly 
chosen  to  the  office  of  selectman,  and  was  also  Town  Cierk  and 
Town  Treasurer,  a  series  of  honors  seldom  falling  to  one  man. 
He  at  the  same  time  carried  on  the  farm  which  his  father  and 
grandfather  had  tilled  before  him,  and  like  them  owned  and  man- 
aged a  saw-mill  and  grist-mill.  He  possessed  a  large  fund  of 
vitality  and  his  judgment  was  excellent.  He  was  very  fond  of 
music,  and  for  many  years  taught  singing-school.  Hymns  of 
praise  were  his  delight,  and  his  children  recall  with  pleasure  the 
songful  hours  of  the  home. 

BAKER,  JOHN  FENWICK,  son  of  Nathaniel  and  Nancy  Cros- 
well  Baker,  was  bom  in  Rehoboth,  June  14,  1843.  He  was  a 
descendant  in  the  fourth  generation  from  John  Baker,  one  of  the 
early  settlers  of  the  town.  In  his  boyhood  he  attended  the  dis- 
trict schools  of  Rehoboth  and  later  received  private  instruction. 
His  early  advantages  were  limited,  yet  he  made  the  most  of  the 
broader  opportunities  afforded  by  experience.  Although  he  made 
his  home  on  the  Baker  farm  in  Rehoboth,  he  was  for  many  years 
engaged  in  mercantile  pursuits  in  Canada.  On  Sept.  15,  1849,  he 
married  Abby  M .  Allen,  daughter  of  Sylvester  and  Hannah  (Car- 
penter) Allen,  a  descendant  of  William  Carpenter,  one  of  the  pro- 
prietors and  Town  Clerk  of  Rehoboth  from  1643  to  1649.  The 
children  were  Emma  M.,  Saraphine  A.,  and  George  S.  Mr.  Baker 
removed  with  his  family  to  Rhode  Island  in  1882,  and  died  Feb. 
28,  1893. 

BAKER,  OTIS  ALLEN,  son  of  Ira  Stillman  and  Sarah  Ann 
(Allen)  Baker,  was  born  at  the  ancestral  home  on  Brook  Street, 
Rehoboth,  April  23,  1838.  He  received  his  education  in  the  com- 
mon schools.  He  was  twice  married:  (1)  to  Mary  E.  Bliss,  daugh- 
ter of  George  and  Elizabeth  Bliss  of  Rehoboth,  of  whom  was  bom 
a  daughter  who  died  in  infancy;  and  (2)  to  Harriet  L.  Martin 
of  Rehoboth,  daughter  of  Luther  A.  and  Harriet  L.  Martin.  When 
quite  young  he  learned  the  mason's  trade  and  later  was  a  con- 
tractor in  Boston.  Ix>ve  of  country  and  loyalty  to  the  same  were 
his  strong  characteristics,  and  when  the  Civil  War  broke  out  he 
was  one  of  the  first  to  enlist, — ^April  16,  1861.  He  distinguished 
himself  as  a  soldier  and  officer,  and  served  his  country  until  the 
close  of  the  war,  being  mustered  out  May  12,  1865.  He  was 
wounded  at  Bull  Run  and  carried  the  bullet  in  his  arm  to  the  day 
of  his  death.    His  military  record  is  given  in  the  chapter  on  Re- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES  309 

hoboth  Soldiers  in  the  Civil  War.  It  is  worthy  of  record  that  he 
served  as  captain  in  two  different  companies,  one  of  which  was  the 
notable  Company  H  of  the  Third  Mass.  Infantry.  Sergeant  Wil- 
liam H.  Luther,  who  served  under  him  in  both  companies,  thus 
voices  the  universal  esteem  in  which  he  was  held  by  his  men: 

"He  was  one  of  the  noblest  men  I  ever  met  with,  a  character 
above  reproach.  He  asked  no  man  to  ^o  where  he  would  not  go. 
His  one  idea  of  life  seemed  to  be  to  do  his  duty.  While  command- 
ing strict  obedience,  he  rendered  the  same  to  his  superior  officers. 
Quiet,  unassuming,  he  never  pushed  himself  but  let  others  ad- 
vance him." 

He  traveled  quite  extensively  and  for  several  years  made 
his  home  in  'Colorado.  He  was  a  member  of  the  G.  A.  R., 
and  at  one  time  commander  of  John  A.  Rawlins  Post  in  Lake 
City,  Colorado.  He  was  also  a  member  of  the  I.  O.  Odd  Fellows. 
He  died  in  Swansea,  Mass.,  June  14,  1910.  At  his  funeral  he  was 
honored  by  the  presence  of  every  living  man  in  his  company,  save 
one  who  failed  to  get  word  in  time.  Many  were  present  also  from 
other  companies.  This  noble  patriot  was  buried  with  the  full  G. 
A.  R.  service  at  the  Village  Cemetery  in  Rehoboth. 

BAKER,  PATIENCE  PIERCE,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Preserved 
Pierce,  she  was  one  of  the  family  of  ten  children  and  was  born 
March  31,  1792.  When  a  small  girl  she  went  to  live  with  her  aunt, 
the  wife  of  Deacon  Hezekiah  Martin,  who  was  settled  on  a  farm 
near  Rocky  Run,  where  it  is  crossed  by  the  road  running  west 
across  the  "Plains"  to  the  Hornbine.  She  was  the  second  wife 
of  Samuel  Baker,  Jr.,  and  on  her  marriage,  March  11,  1810,  went 
to  live  in  the  old  red  house  (Elder  Jacob  Hix  house),  where  she 
lived  for  88  years,  or  until  her  death  in  1889.  Her  children  were: 
Ira  Stillman,  Nelson  Orrin,  Nancy  (Nichols),  Emeline  (Horton), 
Dr.  George  P.  and  Electa  Ann  (Howland).  In  person  she  was 
short  and  thick-set  and  had  coal-black  eyes.  Her  health  was  al- 
ways robust  and  her  last  illness  was  her  first  serious  one.  She  was 
very  religious  and  was  a  member  of  the  Christian  Church  of  the 
town  for  57  years.  She  had  a  good  voice,  sang  the  treble  part, 
and  loved  to  sing  with  others  in  the  neighborhood.  She  was  well 
preserved  physically  to  the  last  year  of  her  life,  and  when  98  years 
old  appeared  not  over  70  years.  Her  eyesight  was  good,  her  hear- 
ing acute,  her  cheeks  always  red,  and  she  resented  the  assistance 
of  grandchildren  in  getting  in  or  out  of  the  carriage.  To  her,  as 
well  as  other  women  of  her  time  who  lived  in  the  sparsely]  settled 
country,  fear  was  unknown,  and  any  show  of  feeling  was  care- 
fully repressed  and  hidden.  For  her,  death  had  no  terrors,  for 
these  old-fashioned  people  approached  the  end  without  a  tremor. 
She  was  buried  in  the  Hix  Yard  on  the  "hill"  in  plain  sight  of  the 
house  in  which  she  lived  so  many  years. 


310  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

BAKER,  SAMUEL,  Jr.,  successful  farmer,  born  in  Rehoboth, 
April  12,  1787;  died  April  16.  1872.  The  town  of  Rehoboth  ia 
early  days  had  men  running  farms  who  at  the  same  time  were 
gifted  artisans, — note  the  milb,  furaaces,  textile  mills.  Samu^ 
Baker,  Jr.,  besides  being  an  extra- 
ordinary farmer,  had  a  genius  for 
mechanics,  and  built  and  operated 
two  saw-mills  and  a  gristmill  on 
Rocky  Run.  The  grist-mitl  was 
operated  as  late  as  1870.  As  a 
farmer,  Mr.  Baker,  when  measured 
by  the  standards  of  today,  would 
be  called  unusual.  New  England 
produced  a  race  of  farmers  which 
still  felt  the  English  influence — 
men  who  knew  more  of  husbandly 
than  their  descendants  who  were 
farming  in  the  early  70's.  Ou  the 
Baker  farm  were  large  barns  and 
outbuildings  comprising  black- 
smith shop,  cooper  shop,  cider 
press,  dairy  for  cheese  and  butter.  There  was  a  large  collection 
of  spinning  wheels,  looms  for  weaving  cloth,  and  several  seta  of 
implements  for  producing  flax-fibre.  On  the  farms  were  the  apple 
orchards  and  numbers  of  pear  trees  and  quince  bushes.  Ship  tim- 
bers were  cut,  cordwood  hauled  to  Providence  and  Warren,  birch 
hoops  shaved.  When  Manwhague  Swamp  froze,  cedar  to  run  the 
shingle-mill  was  cut  and  hauled  out. 

Mr.  Baker  made  farming  a  financial  success  and  at  the  same  time 
he  knew  the  art  of  living.  He  was  very  musical  and  played  the 
bass-viol,  clarinet  and  fife.  He  was  very  fond  of  singing.  On  his 
father's  side  he  was  descended  from  tlie  English  yeoman  class. 
His  mother  was  a  Mason,  a  descendant  of  the  Sampson  Mason 
who  was  with  Cromwell  at  the  battle  of  Marston  Moor.  He  mar- 
ried Patience  Pierce,  daughter  of  Rev.  Preserved  Pierce,  a  des- 
cendant of  Capt.  Michael  Pierce  of  Scituate.  Mass. 

BENEDICT,  REV.  DAVID,  D.D.,  son  of  Thomas  and  Martha 
(Scudder)  Benedict,  was  born  at  Norwich.  Conn.,  Oct.  10,  1779. 
At  the  age  of  fourteen  lie  was  apprenticed  to  a  shoemaker  in  New 
Canaan,  Conn.,  and  was  afterward  employed  a  short  time  as  a 
journeyman.  In  1802  he  entered  the  academy  at  Mt.  Pleasant, 
Sing  Sing,  N.Y.,  where  he  was  prepared  for  college.  In  1806  he 
graduated  from  Brown  University,  and  soon  after  was  ordained 
to  the  Baptist  Ministry.  In  1804  he  became  a  resident  of  Old 
Rehoboth,  now  Pawtiickct,  where  be  Inter  gathered  a  church, 
and  where  he  remained  until  about  1831,  and  to  wliich  place  he 


BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES  311 

afterwards  returned  to  spend  his  last  years.  He  devoted  much 
time  to  historical  research  relative  to  the  Baptist  denomination. 
He  was  a  Trustee  of  Brown  University  from  1818  to  the  time  of 
his  death.  He  received  the  title  of  D.D.  from  Shurtleff  College 
in  1851.  He  was  a  writer  of  force  and  originality,  and  his  books 
had  a  wide  circulation.  Among  these  are:  "General  History  of  the 
Baptist  Denominations  in  America,  and  all  parts  of  the  world*' 
(1813).  "Abridgment  of  Robinson's  History  of  Baptism"  (1817), 
"History  of  All  Religions*'  (1824),  "Fifty  years  among  the  Bap- 
tists" (1860),  etc.  He  was  also  the  author  of  several  poems.  He 
died  in  Pawtucket,  R.I.,  Dec.  5,  1875. 

BICKNELL,  AMELIA  D.,  youngest  of  five  children  of  Chris- 
topher and  Chloe  (Carpenter)  Blanding,  was  born  at  the  Blanding 
homestead  in  Rehoboth,  Oct.  3,  1830.  Her  home  education  was 
that  of  a  farmer's  daughter.  Her  school  education  was  primarily 
in  the  district  school  of  the  neighborhood,  supplemented  by  aca- 
demic studies  at  Attleboro  Academy  and  Norton  Female  Seminary, 
all  of  which,  coupled  with  excellent  natural  abilities,  fitted  her  for 
teaching,  to  which  she  devoted  herself  very  successfully  for  at 
least  five  years  in  the  district  schools  of  Rehoboth  and  Norton. 
She  joined  the  Congregational  Church  of  Rehoboth  in  1856. 

Miss  Blanding  married  Thomas  W.  Bicknell,  Principal  of  the 
High  School  at  Rehoboth  Village,  Sept.  5, 1860.  They  resided  four 
years  at  Bristol,  R.I.,  where  Mr.  Bicknell  was  Principal  of  the 
High  School  and  where  their  daughter  Martha  Elizabeth  was  born. 
After  residing  for  some  years  at  Providence  and  West  Barrington, 
R.I.,  the  home  of  the  family  was  at  Harvard  St.,  Dorchester, 
Mass.,  from  1875  to  1894. 

Mrs.  Bicknell  died  at  the  family  summer  home  at  Linekin, 
Maine,  Aug.  13,  1896.  Her  life  was  fruitful  in  good  works;  gen- 
erous by  nature,  she  gave  herself  and  her  possessions  to  help  all 
in  her  power.  As  a  teacher  she  was  faithful  and  thorough.  As  a 
Bible  teacher  she  was  a  winning  instructor,  having  large  classes 
at  Bristol,  Barrington  and  Dochester.  She  was  deeply  interested 
in  Foreign  Missions  and  was  President  of  the  Dorchester  Branch 
of  the  W.  B.  F.  M.  She  instructed  classes  of  young  ladies  in 
mission  studies  and  cheered  the  hearts  of  missionaries  in  China 
and  Africa  by  sending  them  letters  and  boxes  of  useful  articles. 
At  home  no  needy  cause  or  person  went  from  her  door  unaided. 
In  the  founding  of  the  Harvard  Congregational  Church  at  Dor- 
chester she  gave  generously  of  time,  labor  and  money,  and  her 
home  was  the  center  of  many  charitable  undertakings. 

A  memorial  rose  window  in  the  Harvard  Street  Meeting-house 
was  her  contribution  in  honor  of  her  daughter  Martha,  dying  at 
the  age  of  five  years.  The  Blanding  Public  Library  in  Rehoboth 
was  founded  by  Mrs.  Bicknell  in  honor  and  memory  of  her  par- 


312  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

ents.    She  was  buried  in  the  Bicknell  family  ground  at  Princes 
Hill,  Harrington,  R.I. 

BICKNELL,  THOMAS  WILLIAMS,  LLJ).,  distinguished  au- 
thor, educator  and  master  of  assemblies,  was  bom  in  Barrington» 
R.I.,  Sept.  6,  1834,  son  of  AUin  and  Harriet  Byron  (Kinnicutt) 
Bicknell;  studied  in  Barrington  schools  till  1850;  Thetford  Acad- 
emy, Vt.,  to  July,  1853;  Amherst  College,  Freshman  year,  1853-4, 
graduated  at  Brown  University,  1860,  witli  degree  of  A.M. 

Mr.  Bicknell  is  a  born  teacher.  At  the  age  of  nineteen  he  dis- 
tinguished himself  in  the  public  schools  of  Rehoboth,  teaching 
three  winters  in  the  "Old  Red  Schoolhouse,"  1853-4-6,  and  three 
terms  in  the  Village  High  School,  closing  in  December,  1857. 
Also  at  the  High  School,  Bristol,  R.I.,  and  later  three  years  in  the 
Arnold  Street  Grammar  School  in  Providence,  the  two  covering 
the  period  from  May,  1860,  to  May,  1869.  He  was  for  six  years 
(1869-1875)  Commissioner  of  Public  Schools  in  Rhode  Island, 
during  which  time  he  brought  about  vast  improvements  in  the 
schools  throughout  the  state,  extending  the  term  of  office  of  School 
Committees  irom  one  to  three  years,  establishing  evening  schools 
and  school  libraries,  creating  a  State  Board  of  Education,  and  re- 
establishing the  State  Normal  School  at  Providence  on  a  perma- 
nent basis,  together  with  many  other  helpful  changes. 

Mr.  Bicknell  is  a  prolific  author.  Born  in  Old  Wannamoiset, 
within  the  Sowams  limits,  he  early  caught  the  historic  spirit  of  the 
place,  associated  with  the  names  of  Massassoit,  King  Philip,  Miles 
Standish,  Winslow  and  Hampden,  and  having  as  his  neighbors* 
descendants  of  John  Brown  and  Thomas  Willett.  No  man  is 
better  informed  than  he  of  the  localities  and  doings  of  the  Plym- 
outh and  Rhode  Island  colonies  from  the  beginning  until  now. 

Three  monumental  historical  works  have  sprung  from  his  pen: 
•The  History  of  Barrington,"  1898;  ''Sowams,"  1903;  and  "The 
Story  of  Dr.  John  Clarke,"  1915,  besides,  the  "Bicknell  Genealogy'* 
in  1913.  These,  with  other  volumes  from  his  pen,  will  fill  one- 
half  of  Dr.  Eliot's  five-foot  shelf,  and  if  all  his  printed  pages  were 
bound  in  books  they  would  fill  a  ten-foot  shelf. 

In  1875  the  various  monthly  educational  journals  of  New  Eng- 
land were  united  in  Tlie  New  England  Journal  of  Educationt  of 
which  Mr.  Bicknell  became  editor  as  well  as  owner  and  publisher. 
He  also  established  The  Primary  Teacher  in  1878,  The  Bureau  of 
Education  in  1876,  and  the  magazine  Education^  in  1880. 

Mr.  Bicknell  has  been  president  of  various  state  and  national 
institutions  and  conventions;  of  the  American  Institute  of  In- 
struction in  1876-8,  of  the  International  S.  S.  Convention  at 
Louisville  in  1884,  and  was  a  Massachusetts  delegate  to  the  Raikes 
Centennial  in  1880,  etc.,  etc.  He  represented  the  24th  SufiFolk 
district,  Boston,  in  the  State  Legislature  in  1888-9,  serving  two 
years.    His  executive  ability  appears  in  the  founding  of  the  Har- 


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BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES  313 

vard  Congregational  Church,  Boston;  also  the  town  of  New  Eng- 
land in  North  Dakota  with  its  Congregational  Church.  By  the 
gift  of  a  library  of  one  thousand  volumes,  a  town  in  Utah  has  been 
named  Bicknell,  and  another  has  been  named  Blanding  for  a  sim- 
ilar gift.  He  has  traveled  extensively  both  in  this  country  and 
abroad. 

On  Sept.  5, 1860,  he  married  Miss  Amelia  D.  Blanding,  daughter 
of  Christopher  and  Chloe  (Carpenter)  Blanding,  who  in  1886  gave 
S500  for  the  foundation  of  the  Blanding  Library  in  her  native 
town,  to  be  named  in  honor  of  her  parents. 

Mr.  Bicknell  resides  in  Providence,  R.I.  He  is  now  en- 
gaged, in  his  eighty-fourth  year,  in  writing  the  "History  of  the 
State  of  Rhode  Island.**  He  stands  six  feet  three  and  one-half 
inches  tall,  straight  as  an  arrow,  neither  is  his  eye  dim  nor  his 
natural  force  abated.  **The  only  doctor  I  employ,"  he  says»  "is 
Nature;  my  only  nurse  is  righteous  living;  I  worship  the  All- 
Good.  The  sun  shines  on  my  horizon  three  hundred  and  sixty- 
five  days  and  six  hours  every  year." 

BLACK,  JOHNSTONE,  merchant,  was  a  son  of  Ralph  and 
Elizabeth  (Erwin)  Black  and  grandson  of  William  and  Rebecca 
(Hamilton)  Black.  He  was  born  in  Glasgow,  Scotland,  in  1832» 
and  came  to  America  in  1851.  Mr.  Black  resided  for  several  years 
at  Ix)well,  and  later  at  Nashua,  N.H.  He  came  to  Rehoboth 
in  1866  to  set  up  machinery  at  the  Orleans  Mill,  and  liking  the 
place,  he  soon  returned  and  opened  a  variety  store,  distributing 
goods  in  a  wagon  to  the  people  round-about,  in  which  enterprise 
he  was  successful.  On  the  establishment  of  the  new  postal  route 
he  was  appointed  postmaster  at  Harris.  After  twenty-five  years 
he  sold  out  his  business  in  Rehoboth  and  removed  to  Warren» 
R.I.,  where  he  established  a  grocery  business  in  company  with 
his  two  sons,  Robert  and  David. 

Mr.  Black  was  a  man  of  irreproachable  character,  a  constant 
attendant  with  his  household  at  church,  and  highly  respected  by 
all  who  knew  him.  On  Jan.  23,  1891,  he  was  ordained  deacon  of 
the  Congregational  Church  at  Rehoboth.  He  died  at  Warren» 
R.I.,  Nov.  27,  1908,  and  lies  buried  in  the  family  lot  at  Rehoboth 
Village. 

Mr.  Black  married  Isabella  Macintosh  in  1856.  A  daughter 
was  born  to  them  who  died  at  the  age  of  four.  They  had  three 
sons: 

William  Alexander,  born  Nov.  19,  1857,  who  married  Emma 
Chaffee  of  Seekonk,  Nov.  6,  1889.  They  had  two  children: 
(1)  Isabella  Johnson,  born  June  2,  1891,  and  (2)  Jennie 
Chaffee,  born  Nov.  29,  1893.  He  died  Jan.  20,  1913,  aged 
55  years. 
Robert,  born  Jan.  12,  1860,  died  Sept.  25,  1912,  in  his  53d  year. 
David,  born  Dec.  18,  1867,  married  Mary  M.. Allen  of  Warren» 


314  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

R.I.,  Aug.  18,  1897.    They  have  two  children:   (1)  Florence 
Allen,  born  July  6,  1898,  and  (2)  Gertrude  Johnstone,  bom 
May  7,  1902. 
Mr.  Black's  wife,  Isabella,  died  July  10,  1883,  aged  51  years. 

His  second  wife  was  Ada  Aldrich,  to  whom  he  was  married  Nov. 

20,  1884.    She  died  Nov.  1,  1906. 

BLANDING,  COL.  ABRAHAM,  LL.D.,son  of  William  and  Lydia 
(Ormsbee)  Blanding,  was  born  at  Rehoboth,  Nov.  18,  1775,  grad- 
uated at  Brown  University  and  studied  law  with  Judge  Brevord 
of  Camden,  S.C.,  where  he  commenced  the  practice  of  law;  re- 
moved to  Columbia,  S.C.,  and  became  eminent  in  his  profession. 
He  married  (1)  Betsy  Martin  of  Camden,  who  died  in  1812;  (2) 
Mary  Caroline  Desaussure  of  Columbia,  S.C. 

BLANDING,  ABRAM,  M.D.,  son  of  James  Blanding,  Esq., 
and  Elizabeth  (Carpenter)  Blanding,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  April 
28,  1823;  graduated  from  the  Homeopathic  Medical  College  in 
Philadelphia,  1850.  Began  the  practice  of  his  profession  in  the 
West  in  1856;  surgeon  in  the  22d  Iowa  Infantry,  1861-65;  went 
to  Florida  and  resided  at  Palmer  until  his  death,  July  31,  1892» 
in  his  70th  year.  He  joined  the  Congregational  Church  in  Reho- 
both in  1843,  in  the  pastorate  of  Rev.  John  C.  Paine. 

Dr.  Blanding  was  twice  married:  (1)  to  Ellen  Cressy  of  Newark, 
N.  J.,  Feb.  21,  1855;  (2)  to  Sarah  A.,  daughter  of  Thomas  and 
Sarah  (Alter)  Nattinger,  Jan.  20,  1876.  They  had  issue:  Albert 
Hazen,  Elizabeth  Nattinger,  and  John  William.  Albert  Hazen 
is  a  Brigadier-General  in  the  new  National  Army,  and  John  Wil- 
liam is  major  in  a  Florida  regiment. 

BLANDING,  WILLIAM,  M.D.,  fifth  generation  from  William, 
the  New  England  ancestor,  and  son  of  Willian  and  Lydia  (Orms- 
bee) Blanding,  was  bom  in  Rehoboth,  Feb.  7, 1773  (''Vital  Rec- 
ord"). Graduated  at  Brown  University  1801;  studied  medicine 
and  practiced  at  Attleborough,  Mass.,  and  Camden,  S.C.  Mar- 
ried Susan  Carpenter,  daughter  of  Capt.  Caleb  Carpenter  of  Re- 
hoboth, who  died  in  1809;  afterwards,  Rachel  Willett  of  Phila- 
delphia. He  made  a  large  collection  of  natural  history  specimens 
which  are  now  in  Brown  University.  Died  Oct.  12,  1857,  in  his 
85th  year. 

BLANDING,  WILLIAM  WILLETT,  William  Blanding,  the 
New  England  ancestor,  came  from  Upton,  County  of  Worcester, 
England,  in  1640,  and  settled  in  Boston.  The  lineage  is  traced 
as  follows:  — 

William,^  married  Bethia  Wheaton,  Sept.  4,  1674. 
William,*  married  Elizabeth  Perry,  October,  1708. 
William,*  married  Sarah  Chaffee,  Dec.  25,  1740. 
William,*  married  Lydia  Ormsbee,  July  5,  1772. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES  315 

JameSi^  married  Elizabeth  Carpenter,  April  24,  1811. 
William  Willett/  the  subject  of  our  sketch,  unmarried. 

William  Blanding  the  first  owned  a  section  of  land  south  of 
wliat  is  now  Summer  Street,  Boston,  Mass.,  in  the  vicinity  of 
Hovey's  dry-goods  store.  William  the  second  came  to  Rehoboth 
about  1660  and  settled  on  Rocky  Hill.  The  farm  seems  to  have 
remained  in  the  family  for  several  generations,  for  William  Wil- 
lett  was  born  here  Nov.  1,  1820,  but  when  he  was  about  two  and 
a  half  years  old  his  parents  moved  to  the  farm  since  associated 
with  the  Blanding  name,  where  William  grew  up  and  which  he 
cultivated  until  past  seventy  years  of  age,  making  it  one  of  the 
finest  farms  in  town. 

Mr.  Blanding  was  educated  in  the  common  schools,  with  a  few 
terms  at  private  school.  His  ambition  was  to  be  a  first-class 
farmer,  and  his  active  membership  in  the  Rehoboth  Farmer's 
Club  was  a  great  advantage  to  that  organization.  He  was  no 
oflSce-seeker,  yet  his  fellow  citizens  have  honored  him  with  the 
public  trusts  of  selectman,  assessor,  and  town  and  church  treasurer. 
He  was  deeply  interested  in  the  Rehoboth  Antiquarian  Society 
and  its  treasurer  for  many  years.  He  is  an  active  member  and 
liberal  supporter  of  the  Congregational  Church,  and  although 
now  in  his  ninety-eighth  year,  he  keeps  pace  with  the  progressive 
movements  of  the  time,  while  his  fellow  citizens  hold  him  in  the 
highest  esteem. 

BLISS,  ABIAH,  Jr.,  is  descended  from  Thomas,  of  Devonshire, 
England,  whose  son  Thomas  emigrated  to  this  country  in  1636, 
and  became  one  of  the  pioneers  who  settled  in  Rehoboth  in  1643. 
Thomas^  (Rehoboth  ancestor),  Jonathan,*  Jonathan,'  Ephraim/ 
Abiah,'  Col.  Abiah,'  Abiah,  Jr.^ 

He  was  born  March  6,  1800,  at  Rehoboth.  His  mother  was 
Rebecca  Kent,  daughter  of  Ezekiel  Kent.  Abiah,  Jr.,  married 
Nov.  11, 1834,  Julia  A.  Sturtevant,  daughter  of  Francis  Sturtevant 
of  Pawtucket.  Mr.  Bliss  took  his  bride  to  the  ancestral  homestead 
where  he  was  born  and  where  he  resided  until  his  death,  March 
31,  1887.  Mrs.  Bliss  died  four  days  later  in  her  81st  year.  They 
celebrated  their  Golden  Wedding  Nov.  11,  1884. 

Mr.  Bliss  was  a  wide-awake,  progressive  farmer,  a  pioneer  in 
agricultural  improvements.  He  was  an  enthusiastic  member  of 
the  Farmers'  Club  and  participated  freely  in  the  discussions.  In 
his  prime  he  spent  a  part  of  each  year  in  collecting  cattle  from 
various  New  England  states,  particularly  Vermont  and  New 
Hampshire,  and  driving  them  into  the  Boston  markets.  In  this 
way  he  came  to  know  these  states  quite  thoroughly,  as  it  was  be- 
fore railroads  were  common.  He  was  a  man  of  genial  temperament 
and  thoroughly  reliable.  For  many  years  he  was  a  trustee  of  the 
Congregational  Society  and  was  prominent  in  the  building  of  the 


316  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Village  Church  in  1830-40.    Six  children  were  born  to  Mr.  and 

Mrs.  Bliss: 

Rebecca,  bom  Oct.  27,  1835. 

Ftancis  A.,  bom  Nov.  18,  1837;  died  Oct.  17.  1014;  Civil  War 

veteran. 
Albert  Heniy,  bom  Feb.  27,  1840;  died  Aug.  31,  1842. 
Thomas,  bom  May  21,  1842;  died  in  the  army,  May  20,  1862. 
William,  born  Jan.  23,  1844. 
Adaline,  born  Aug.  28,  1846;  died  July  11,  1856. 

BLISS,  DEACON  ASAHEL,  bom  Sept.  6,  1771,  was  the  son  of 
Jonathan  Bliss  and  Lydia  Wheeler,  both  of  Rehoboth.  He  be- 
came a  devout  Christian  in  early  life,  and  was  a  prompt  and  reg- 
ular attendant  at  church  on  the  Sabbath.  For  more  than  fifty 
years  he  was  an  honored  member  of  the  Congregational  Church 
at  Rehoboth  Village;  was  chosen  deacon  in  18(^  and  re-elected 
in  1827.  Deacon  Bliss  lived  on  a  farm  beside  the  Taunton  turn- 
pike, erecting  the  house  in  1704,  which  is  still  standing  (1018). 
On  his  land  was  the  famous  Annawan  Rock  at  the  border  of  the 
great  Sqannakonk  Swamp,  where  King  Philip's  last  chieftain  was 
captured.  It  was  his  pleasure  to  point  out  this  historic  spot  to 
visitors  who  came  from  far  and  near  to  see  it.  The  farm  since  his 
day  has  been  in  the  Noah  Fuller  family,  except  a  piece  of  land 
including  the  famous  rock,  now  the  property  of  the  Rehoboth 
Antiquarian  Society,  a  gift  from  three  of  the  daughters  of  Dea. 
Bliss  during  their  lifetime. 

During  the  long  and  trying  controversy  between  the  church  and 
Rev.  Otis  Thompson,  Dea.  Bliss  was  chairman  of  the  church  com- 
mittee, which  position  he  sustained  with  much  patience  and  dis- 
cretion. When  the  church  was  re-dedicated  after  a  thorough  re- 
novation, Dec.  5,  1006,  two  of  Dea.  Bliss's  great-great-grand- 
children were  present,  and  his  ^andson.  Rev.  William  J.  Batt, 
preached  the  sermon.  A  memorial  window  had  been  placed  in  the 
church  in  honor  of  Dea.  Bliss  by  another  grandson,  Cornelius  N. 
Bliss,  Sr.,  of  New  York. 

On  the  16th  of  October,  1704,  Mr.  Bliss  married  Deborah, 
daughter  of  Edward  Martin  of  Rehoboth.  She  was  bom  Jan.  30, 
1774,  and  died  June  8,  1858.  He  died  May  22,  1855.  Eleven 
children  were  born  to  them,  two  of  whom  died  in  infancy. 

Lois  Martin,  born  Dec.  23,  1705,  married  George  Bliss  of  Reho- 
both, son  of  Dr.  James  Bliss,  Jan  14,  1816.  She  died 
Nov.  24,  1838,  leaving  six  children,  three  having  died  in 
infancy. 

Edward,  born  June  24,  1700,  married  Lemira,  daughter  of  Peter 
Carpenter  of  Rehoboth,  March  10,  1820.  He  was  a  builder 
of  cars  and  locomotives  and  resided  in  Taunton.  He  and  Mrs. 
Bliss  celebrated  the  sixtieth  anniversary  of  their  marriage 
March  10,  1880.    They  had  four  children. 


^^t^^ 


BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES  317 

Mary,  born  July  17,  1803,  died  Dec.  11, 1838. 

Laura,  born  Nov.  5,  1805,  married  May  28,  1833,  Richard  W. 
Bait,  a  native  of  Bristol,  R.L,  but  a  resident  of  Fall  River, 
Mass.  She  died  Jan.  1,  1895.  Of  their  five  children  two  died 
in  infancy.  William  J.  Batt  is  a  Congregational  clergyman 
and  resides  at  Concord  Junction,  Mass.  He  has  held  pas- 
torates in  Stoneham,  1859;  Bedford,  1861-65;  Leominster, 
1865-74;  Stoneham  again,  1875-86;  then  chaplain  at  the 
Massachusetts  Reformatory,  Concord  Junction.  Charles  R. 
Batt  was  President  of  the  National  Security  Bank  of  Boston. 
Henry  B.  Batt,  a  New  York  merchant,  died  at  sea,  Nov.  12, 
1874. 

Asahel  Newton,  born  Feb.  29,  1808,  married  Irene  B.  Luther  of 
Fall  River,  Thanksgiving  day,  1831.  He  died  at  Rehoboth 
July  24,  1833,  of  consumption.  Of  this  union  was  born 
Cornelius  N.  Bliss,  Jan.  26,  1833,  who  was  a  merchant  in 
New  York,  and  Secretary  of  the  Interior  under  President 
McKinley,  and  who,  it  is  said,  refused  to  be  a  candidate  for 
Vice-President  at  McKinley's  second  nomination.  Had  he 
been  nominated,  he  would  have  been  President  instead  of 
Theodore  Roosevelt. 

Deborah  Ardelia,  born  Jan.  11,  1810;  died  July  22,  1837. 

Lydia,  born  Jan.  15,  1812,  married  Nathan  Pratt,  a  farmer  of 
Taunton,  Mass.,  Nov.  27,  1831;  died  Jan.  1,  1907.  Five 
children. 

Martha  Washington,  born  Jan.  6,  1814;  married  Dea.  Samuel 
Jones  of  Raynham,  Mass.,  April  3,  1838;  died  May  6,  1901. 
Seven  children. 

Harriet,  born  Feb.  9,  1817;  married  Dea.  Josephus  B.  Smith  of 
Rehoboth.  May,  1837;  died  March  7,  1848.  They  moved 
to  Illinois.    She  left  four  children. 

BLISS,  CYRUS  WHEATON,  son  of  Cyrus  Bliss  and  Sukey 
Jarvis  (Harding)  Bliss  of  Rehoboth,  Mass.,  was  born  in  Rehoboth, 
April  14,  1823,  and  died  in  Rehoboth,  April  4,  1883.  He  was 
sixth  in  descent  from  Thomas  Bliss,  one  of  the  proprietors  and 
founders  of  Rehoboth.  He  was  educated  in  the  public  schook 
of  his  native  town  and  engaged  in  agricultural  pursuits.  He  was 
highly  esteemed  for  his  industry  and  for  uprightness  in  all  his  re- 
lations in  life,  of  sturdy  and  upright  character  and  purpose.  De- 
voted to  his  home,  his  family  and  his  business,  he  led  a  successful 
life,  beloved  and  respected. 

He  married  Jan.  1,  1851,  Hannah  T.  Munroe  of  Rehoboth, 
whose  parents  lived  on  the  adjoining  estate.  She  was  born  in 
Rehoboth,  Feb.  1,  1828,  and  died  in  Boston,  Mass.,  Nov.  9, 1910. 
She  was  seventh  in  descent  from  Richard  Warren  who  came  over 
in  the  Mayflower,  and  fifth  in  descent  from  Captain  Benjamin 
Church  and  Alice  Southworth.    She  was  a  prominent  and  active 


318  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

member  of  the  Massachusetts  Society  of  Mayflower  Descendants. 
She  was  educated  in  the  public  and  private  schools  of  her  native 
town  and  in  the  Friends'  School  of  New  Bedford*  Mass.*  and 
throughout  her  long  and  happy  life  of  usefulness  she  took  a  lively 
interest  in  public,  religious  and  social  matters.  A  woman  of  re- 
markable intellectual  endowments  and  character,  strong  in  am- 
bition and  purpose,  full  of  hope  and  courage,  ever  seeking  the  higher 
attainments  in  life,  a  loving,  devoted  wife  and  mother,  beloved 
and  admired,  whose  life  furnished  a  brilliant  example  of  a  noble 
woman.  Two  children  were  bom  of  this  wedlock.  Frederic  W. 
Bliss,  a  lawyer  of  Boston,  and  Dr.  George  D.  Bliss,  a  physician  of 
Boston. 

BLISS,  ELMER  JARED,  son  of  Leonard  C.  and  Eliza  C. 
(Fisher)  Bliss,  was  born  in  Wrentham,  Mass.,  Aug.  11,  1867.  He 
prepared  for  college  at  the  Edgartown  High  School  and  at  once 
entered  the  employ  of  the  Brown-Durrell  Co.  of  Boston,  going  on 
the  road  as  a  salesman.  In  1893,  Mr.  Bliss  with  Charles  J.  Cross 
opened  a  retail  shoe-store  on  Summer  Street,  Boston,  under  the 
name  of  the  Re^al  Shoe  Company.  It  was  Mr.  Bliss's  aim  to  do 
away  with  the  mdependent  middleman  in  trade  and  sell  directly 
to  the  consumer,  thus  creating  a  business  of  international  scope. 
His  motto,  "Sell  directly  from  factory  to  foot"  was  applied  with 
energy  and  skill.  In  1894  his  firm  was  consolidated  with  that  of 
L.  C.  Bliss  &  Co.,  retaining  the  name  Regal  Shoe  Company,  and 
making  the  elder  Mr.  Bliss  its  President.  The  younger  Mr.  Bliss 
was  known  among  his  associates  as  '*the  human  dynamo,"  and 
largely  through  his  energy  and  enthusiasm  the  firm  opened  a  chain 
of  stores  extending  throughout  the  larger  cities  of  America  and 
other  countries.  This  immense  trade  is  supplied  from  four  large 
factories  owned  and  controlled  by  the  company  of  which  Mr.  Bliss 
is  the  managing  director,  whose  conspicuous  ability  is  seen  and 
felt  in  every  branch  of  the  vast  enterprise. 

Mr.  Bliss  has  effectively  served  the  Boston  Chamber  of  Com- 
merce as  its  president  and  also  the  Massachusetts  Society  of  In- 
dustrial Education.  He  is  a  prominent  member  of  several  well- 
known  clubs,  an  enthusiastic  horseman  and  yachtsman,  and  in 
his  taste  for  out-of-door  sports  his  wife  and  children  fully  share. 
When  asked  what  has  given  him  his  greatest  personal  gratification, 
he  replied,  **To  live  to  see  my  father  and  mother  enjoy  the  sunset 
of  their  lives  traveling  over  the  world  in  ease  and  comfort." 

In  1901,  Mr.  Bliss  married  Lena  Harding,  daughter  of  Phil- 
ander and  Lena  (Tinker)  Harding,  a  lineal  descendant  of  Abraham 
and  Elizabeth  Harding,  who  landed  at  Salem  on  the  ship  "Aba- 
gail"  in  1635.  They  have  two  children,  Elmer  Jared,  Jr.,  and 
Muriel  Harding. 

BLISSi  FRANCIS  A.,  son  of  Abiah  and  Julia  Ann  (Sturtevant) 
Bliss,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  Nov.  18,  1837,  on  the  Bliss  home- 


Mns.  tIANNAir  T.  (MtiNriOK)   IIL1S.>S 


l-'ltKDKKH:  W1tlc;ilT  III.ISS 


BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES  319 

stead  on  Agricultural  Avenue,  where  several  generations  of  the 
family  have  lived.  He  died  Oct.  17,  1914,  in  his  77th  year.  He 
attended  the  district  school  and  later  the  select  school  in  the  Vil- 
lage taught  by  Thomas  W.  Bicknell,  through  whose  influence  he 
was  induced  to  study  for  a  year  at  the  Thetford  Academy  in  Ver- 
mont. He  also  attended  the  Providence  Seminary  at  East  Green- 
wich, R.I.  He  then  taught  in  the  Hornbine  and  the  Annawan 
districts  in  Rehoboth.  This  was  in  1860  and  '61.  In  October, 
1861,  he  enlisted  in  Company  I,  First  Massachusetts  Cavalry, 
under  Col.  Robert  Williams.  His  regiment  was  stationed  at  Hil- 
ton's Head  and  the  adjoining  island  of  Beaufort,  S.C.,  where  he 
spent  the  greater  part  of  three  years.  He  was  in  several  small  en- 
gagements, but  saw  his  first  hard  fighting  at  the  battle  of  Poco- 
taligo,  S.C.  In  this  battle,  while  attempting  to  cut  the  railway 
between  Charleston  and  Savannah,  Mr.  Bliss  was  severely  wounded 
in  his  right  arm  and  was  off  duty  for  two  months.  After  three 
years  of  service  he  re-enlisted  with  many  of  his  comrades  and  th^ 
were  ordered  to  Florida,  where  they  fought  under  Gen.  Seymour 
in  the  disastrous  battle  of  Olustee.  In  describing  this  battle  Mr. 
Bliss  writes:  **We  had  6,000  men  against  15,000  of  the  enemy. 
They  were  entrenched  behind  breastworks  and  we  in  the  open.  For 
more  than  an  Iiour  I  had  to  ride  back  and  forth  in  rear  of  the  line 
of  battle,  with  a  revolver  in  my  hand  to  keep  the  men  in  the  ranks. 
A  cannon-ball  struck  the  ground  just  in  front  and  covered  me  over 
with  dirt.  The  next  instant  a  cannon-ball  tore  through  the 
branches  of  a  tree  over  my  head  and  the  branches  of  the  tree  fell 
on  the  horse;  then  the  recall  sounded."  Then  came  the  fierce 
battle  of  Palatka,  Fla.,  after  which  his  battalion  was  ordered  to 
Virginia,  where  they  arrived  in  time  to  participate  in  the  battle 
of  the  Wilderness  and  witness  the  surrender  of  Lee. 

Mr.  Bliss  was  appointed  quartermaster  sergeant,  and  served 
until  his  discharge  in  December,  1865,  his  regiment  having  been 
kept  at  Petersburg,  Va.,  several  months  after  the  close  of  the  war. 
Here  he  contracted  malarial  fever  which  troubled  him  for  many 
years.  On  his  return  home  he  arranged  for  the  purchase  of  his 
father's  farm,  which  was  greatly  improved  under  his  careful  super- 
vision. He  was  one  of  the  founders  and  first  president  of  the 
Farmer's  Club,  which  was  organized  Feb.  11,  1874.  He  was 
recognized  as  one  of  the  most  progressive  farmers  in  the  state, 
keeping  abreast  with  modern  improvements  in  agriculture.  He 
was  a  strong  advocate  of  temperance,  the  principles  of  which  he 
rigidly  practiced.  For  a  number  of  years  he  was  an  efficient  mem- 
ber of  the  school  committee  of  the  town. 

lie  joined  the  Congregational  Church  in  Rehoboth  Villi^e» 
July  4,  1858  and  was  ordained  one  of  its  deacons  in  1877,  which 
office  he  adorned  for  thirty-seven  years.  At  the  time  of  his  death 
he  had  been  treasurer  of  the  Church  for  thirty-two  years,  and  for 
eighteen  years  he  was  superintendent  of  the  Sunday-school. 


320  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Mr.  Bliss  married  Frances  M.»  daughter  of  Ira  and  Mary  Ann 
Carpenter  of  Rehoboth,  Dec.  25,  1867.  She  was  bom  Nov.  16* 
1840;  died  Aug.  27, 1914.  Six  children  were  bom  to  them:  Albert 
Abiah,  born  Nov.  4,  1868;  Martha  Bird,  bom  Aug.  28,  1871; 
Adaline  Hall,  born  Oct.  26,  1874;  died  July  4,  1909;  Mary  Car- 
penter, born  Sept.  26,  1879;  died  Oct.  16,  1899;  Thomas  Kent, 
born  Nov.  2,  1881;  and  Charles  Sturtevant,  bom  Dec.  6,  1884. 

BLISS,  FREDERIC  WRIGHT,  lawyer  and  legislator,  bom  in 
Rehoboth,  Mass.,  Oct.  14,  1852;  son  of  Cyrus  W.  and  Hannah  T. 
(Munroe)  Bliss;  seventh  in  descent  from  Thomas  Bliss,  one  of 
the  proprietors  and  founders  of  Rehoboth;  sixth  in  descent  from 
Capt.  Benjamin  Church  and  Alice  South  worth;  eighth  in  descent 
from  Richard  Warren  who  came  over  in  the  Mayflower  in  1620. 

Educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Rehoboth,  East  Greenwich 
Academy,  Rhode  Island;  Ph.B.  Brown  University  1878;  Fh.B. 
Boston  University  1878;  LL.B.  Boston  University  1881.  Un- 
married. 

Practiced  law  in  Boston  since  1881.  Member  Mass.  House  of 
Representatives  1891-4.  Author  of  Rapid  Transit  and  Railroad 
legislation.  Director  of  Hunt-Spiller  Manufacturing  Corpora- 
tion. Director  of  Mount  Pleasant  Home.  Tmstee  of  Mass. 
Homeopathic  Hospital.  Chairman  of  John  Brown  Memorial 
Mass.  Commission,  1914.  Delegate  to  the  Republican  National 
Convention,  Chicago,  1904.  Member  Mass.  Society  of  Mayflower 
Descendants.  Beta  Theta  Pi.  Masonic  Knight  Templar.  Past 
Master  of  Saint  John's  Lodge,  Boston.  President  Masonic  Mas- 
ters' Association,  Boston.  Clubs:  Boston  City;  Economic.  Re- 
creations; travel  and  out-door  life.  Home,  508  Washington  Street, 
Dorchester,  Boston,  Mass.    Ofiice,  89  State  Street,  Boston,  Mass. 

BLISS,  GEORGE  DANFORTH,  M.D.,  born  in  Rehoboth, 
Mass.,  Dec.  9,  1855;  son  of  Cyrus  W.  and  Hannah  T.  Munroe 
Bliss;  seventh  in  descent  from  Thomas  Bliss,  one  of  the  proprietors 
and  founders  of  Rehoboth;  sixth  in  descent  from  Capt.  Benjamin 
Church  and  Alice  South  worth;  eighth  in  descent  from  Richard 
Warren  who  came  over  in  the  Mayflower  in  1620. 

Educated  in  the  public  scliools  of  Rehobolli;  graduated  ut 
Providence,  R.I.,  High  School  in  1877;  East  Greenwich  Academy, 
Rhode  Island;  Boston  University  School  of  Medicine  in  1881, 
with  degree  of  M.D.;  post-graduate  work  Harvard  Medical  School; 
attended  surgical  clinics  in  hospitals  of  London,  Berlin,  Vienna 
and  New  York,  Philadelphia,  Chicago  and  Boston;  Fellow  of 
American  College  of  Surgeons.     Unmarried. 

Practiced  Medicine  and  Surgery  in  Boston  since  1881;  Obstet- 
rician, Mass.  Homeopathic  Hospital;  Surgeon,  Mass.  Homeo- 
pathic Dispensary,  and  physician  in  the  departments  of  diseases 
of  women  and  diseases  of   the   skin;     Asst.   Surgeon   Boothby 


1)11.  (iKOIKlK  DANKOItTII   EILISt 


jUjM 


TIIK  ((ll.K   lIOMKSTHAn 


Wll.l.tAM   tt}\.K 


DANKOIITII  L.  COLE 


Three  (ieDeriilii>n!i 


BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES  321 

Surgical  Hospital,  Boston.  Member  Mass.  Medical  Society; 
Mass.  Homeopathic  Medical  Society,  and  various  other  medical 
and  surgical  societies;  Delegate  from  Mass.  Surgical  and  Gyne- 
cological Society  to  the  International  Homeopathic  council  held 
in  London,  1914. 

State  Trustee  Mass.  Homeopathic  Hospital;  Director  of  Dor- 
chester Savings  Bank;  Member  Mass.  Society  of  Mayflower 
Descendants;  Boston  City  Club;  Masonic  Societies,  —  Lodge, 
Chapter,  and  Commandery  of  Knights  Templar. 

Contributions:  Numerous  papers  on  Medicine  and  Surgery  to 
medical  magazines  and  reviews.  Recreations:  Travel  and  out- 
door life.  Residence,  508  Washington  Street,  Dorchester,  Boston, 
Mass. 

BLISS,  GEORGE  WASHINGTON,  MJD.,  son  of  Capt.  Asa 
and  Mary  (Emerson)  Bliss,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  one  mile  north 
of  the  Orleans  Factoiy,  Feb.  22,  1791;  received  his  medical 
diploma  in  Brown  University  in  1822;  commenced  practice  in 
Seekonk  in  August,  1823;  died  March  29,  1829,  aged  39  years; 
unmarried. 

George  W.,'  of  Asa*  and  Mary  (Emerson),  of  Elisha,*  of 
Elisha,^  of  Jonathan,'  of  Jonathan,'  of  Thomas.^ 

BLISS,  CAPT.  GEORGE  WILLIAMS^  (of  Asaph,«  of  Jacob,* 
of  Daniel,^  of  Jonathan,'  etc.),  was  the  son  of  Capt.  Asaph 
Bliss  of  Rehoboth,  and  Abigail,  daughter  of  George  and  Mercy 
Williams.  He  was  born  Sept.  3,  1810,  on  the  Bliss  homestead, 
one  of  five  children  who  lived  to  grow  up  (Abby  Williams, 
Asaph  Leonard,  George  Williams,  Nelson  Smith,  Rosina).  He 
attended  the  district  school  of  his  neighborhood,  supplemented 
by  a  course  at  the  Pawtucket  Academy.  As  he  grew  up  he  worked 
summers  on  the  farm  and  taught  school  in  the  winter.  This  con- 
tinued ten  years,  during  which  time  he  gained  a  high  reputation 
as  a  teacher,  and  ever  after  manifested  a  genuine  interest  in  the 
Rehoboth  schools.  At  the  age  of  twenty-nine  he  left  his  native 
state  and  went  to  Florida,  where  he  engaged  in  the  lumber  busi- 
ness, building  a  saw-mill  in  co-operation  with  his  brother-in-law, 
Caleb  Bowen.  After  Mr.  Bowen's  death,  Mr.  Bliss  sold  out  his 
business  and  returned  to  Rehoboth,  after  which  he  spent  several 
winters  in  the  forests  of  North  Carolina,  cutting  and  working  up 
pine  timber  into  shingles  for  the  northern  market.  Buying  out 
the  other  heirs  to  his  father's  estate,  he  continued  on  the  Farm, 
with  the  exception  of  five  years  when  he  conducted  a  meat-market 
in  Pawtucket.  He  was  upright  in  his  dealings,  genial  in  tempera- 
ment and  successful  in  business.  He  was  a  militiaman  of  the  old 
school,  and  at  the  age  of  twenty-two  wa^  chosen  captain,  and  after 

Massachusetts 
as  in  the 


six  years  was  promoted  to  major  in  the  First  Mass 
Regiment.    Tlie  title  of  Captain  always  clung  to  him. 


21 


322  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

case  of  his  father,  Capt.  Asaph.  For  eight  years  he  was  one  of  the 
selectmen  of  the  town,  and  for  forty  years  justice  of  the  peace. 
He  married  (1)  Betsey,  daughter  of  Uriah  and  Sally  (Carpenter) 
Bowen  of  Attleborough.  She  was  born  July  30,  1812,  and  di^ 
Jan.  23,  1853.    Their  children  were: 

George  Williams,  born  Oct.  18,  1835.    He  married,  Sept.  8,  1859» 
Mary  K.,  daughter  of  Jefferson  and  Hannah  Daggett  of  Paw- 
tucket.    Children:   Susie  P.,  Eva  W.,  George  Edwin,  and 
Mary  Williams. 
Wheaton  Leonard,  bom  Dec.  22,  1837,  married  April  21,  1867, 
I^ura  A.  P.,  daughter  of  Noah  and  Olive  (Medbury)  Bliss  of 
Rehoboth.     Served  two  years  in  the  Civil  War,  Co.  A,  17Ui 
Mass.  Infantry.    A  farmer  in  Attleborough.    Died  Novem- 
ber, 1910. 
Warren  Smith,  1st,  born  June  9,  1840.    Died  in  childhood. 
Warren  Smith,  2d,  born  Jan.  1,  1845,  married  in  Nantucket* 
July,  1872,  Mary  F.,  daughter  of  Geroge  W.  and  Mary  Jenks. 
Died  at  Gainesville,  Fla.,  Aug.  1,  1876.    Two  children,  one 
who  died  in  infancy,  and  Mabel  Warren. 
James  Walter,  born  Jan.  27, 1847.    Married  April  19, 1883,  Cleora 
M.  Perry,  daughter  of  Ira  and  Emily  (Read)  Perry.   Children : 
Richard  Perry,  Mildred  E.,  and  Warren  Edgar. 
Henry  Winslow,  born  Oct.  29,  1849.     Married  Oct.  10,  1873, 
Annie  Goff  of  Providence. 
Capt.  Bliss  married  (2)  Julia  Ann  Carpenter  of  Rehoboth,  Oct. 
20,  1853.    She  was  born  March  30,  1808,  and  died  Dec.  15,  1865. 
They  had  one  child,  Betsey  Ann,  born  March  20,  1856.    Married, 
Feb.  20,  1879,  William  B.  Colwell  of  Johnston,  R.I.    Three  chil- 
dren: Elmer  Warren,  Ernest,  Raymond  Carpenter. 

Capt.  Bliss  married  (3)  Julia  Ann  Tiffany  of  Attleborough, 
June  4,  1867.  She  was  born  April  16,  1825,  and  died  Feb.  21, 
1917,  in  her  92d  year.  Capt.  Bliss  died  Nov.  20,  1892,  in  his 
eighty-third  year. 

BLISS,  JAMES,  M  J>.,  son  of  Daniel  and  Sarah  (Allen)  Bliss, 
born  in  Rehoboth,  April  19,  1757;  studied  medicine  with  Doctors 
Brownson  and  Blackinton;  married  Hannah  Guild  of  Attle- 
borough, by  whom  he  had  twelve  children.  At  the  age  of  nine- 
teen he  was  for  several  months  surgeon's  mate  in  Col.  Carpenter's 
regiment  in  the  War  of  the  Revolution,  and  was  at  the  battle  of 
White  Plains.  "He  was  a  man  of  sound  judgment,  strict  integrity^ 
and  great  industry  and  economy.'*  As  a  physician  he  united 
gentleness  with  skill.  He  was  prominent  in  the  affairs  of  the 
Congregational  Society  and  was  for  many  years  clerk  of  the 
trustees.  He  owned  the  Headway  farm  just  west  of  the  Villa^ 
Cemetery,  where  he  resided  and  where  he  died,  Sept.  29,  1834,  m 
his  78th  year.  In  the  Bliss  Genealogy,  Dr.  Bliss's  descent  is 
traced  to  Thomas,  the  English  ancestor,  thus:  Dr.  James,*  Dan- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES  323 

iel,*  Daniel,'  Jonathan/  Jonathan,^  Thomas/  Jonathan,'  Thomas,* 
Thomas.' 

BLISS,  LEONARD,  Jr.,  was  the  eldest  son  of  Leonard  and 
Lydia  (Talbot)  Bliss  and  grandson  of  Dr.  James  Bliss  of  Rehoboth 
and  Hannah  (Guild)  Bliss  of  Attleborough.  His  mother  was  a 
daughter  of  Josiah  Talbot  of  Dighton.  He  was  bom  Dee.  12, 
1811,  probably  at  Savoy,  Mass.,  his  parents  removing  about  this 
time  to  Truxton,  N.Y.  He  was  a  bright,  active  boy  and  was  proud 
of  having  won  the  first  place  in  a  spelling  match  at  the  age  of 
twelve.  When  he  was  fifteen  he  was  converted  in  a  revival  and 
joined  the  Congregational  Church  at  Truxton.  In  1828,  he  came 
with  his  parents  to  Rehoboth  to  live.  Dr.  James  Bliss,  his  grand- 
father, owned  a  large  farm  just  west  of  the  Village  Cemetery.  Op- 
pressed by  the  cares  of  his  profession  and  the  weight  of  increasing 
years,  he  desired  his  son  to  take  charge  of  the  farm.  This  he  did 
until  the  Doctor's  death  in  1834,  when  he  moved  to  the  adjoining 
farm,  afterwards  owned  by  Dr.  Royal  Carpenter  and  his  son  De 
Witt.  The  house  wius  built  by  Dr.  Bliss  for  his  son  Leonard  in 
1815. 

Leonard  Jr.,  being  ambitious  for  an  education  and  encour- 
aged by  his  parents  and  his  pastor.  Rev.  Thomas  Vernon, 
fitted  for  college  at  Mr.  Colton's  Academy  (Mount  Pleasant),  at 
Amherst  in  1830,  where  he  met  and  became  intimate  with  Elias 
Nason,  who  afterwards  wrote  "The  Gazetter  of  Massachusetts.** 
They  entered  Brown  University  together  as  room-mates  in  1831. 
Mr.  Nason  writes  of  his  old  chum :  **He  was  a  great  reader  and  his 
brain  was  full  of  literary  schemes.  His  scholarship  was  good,  but 
he  had  rather  spend  time  in  reading  and  writing  poetry  than  over 
the  pa^es  of  Le  Croix's  Algebra." 

Straitened  for  means,  young  Bliss  began  in  his  Junior  year  to 
write  the  History  of  Rehoboth.  He  found  the  task  diflSlcult;  his 
health  became  impaired,  and  he  was  unable  to  return  to  college 
to  graduate  with  his  class.  Consumptive  tendencies  developed 
and  he  suffered  from  a  hemorrhage  of  the  lungs.  In  the  summer 
of  1834,  having  taught  the  previous  winter  at  Bridgewater, 
Dr.  Parsons,  his  physician,  said  he  "must  go  home  to  die." 
He  still  worked  on  his  history,  and  in  August  of  that  year  he 
had  two  hundred  and  sixty-five  subscribers  for  it.  The  book 
was  published  in  1836,  and  was  well  received,  but  like  town  his- 
tories generally,  it  brought  its  author  more  fame  than  money. 

Having  in  a  measure  regained  his  health,  he  taught  school  at 
Plymouth,  Mass.,  and  other  places;  then  bought  and  edited  for  a 
time  the  Boston  Republican.  He  contributed  articles  to  the  North 
American  Review  and  The  Christian  Examiner, 

His  fiancee  was  Miss  Caroline  M.  Carpenter,  daughter  of  Lem- 
uel C.  and  Lucinda  (Wheaton)  Carpenter  of  Seekonk,  daughter  of 
Capt.  Joseph  Wheaton  of  Rehoboth.    Their  engagement  was  des- 


324  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

lined  to  a  sad  ending  through  his  untimely  death  by  the  bullet  of 
a  murderer. 

In  1837,  Mr.  Bliss  left  Rehoboth  with  his  brother,  afterwards 
the  Rev.  James  Bliss  of  Bloomington,  111.  At  Louisville  he  met 
George  D.  Prentice,  editor  of  the  Louisville  Journal^  and  assisted 
him  on  the  paper.  He  was  chosen  professor  of  history  and  geneial 
literature  in  the  Louisville  Institute,  just  then  started;  but  this 
enterprise  failed  for  lack  of  endowment,  and  in  1840  he  became 
editor  of  the  Louisville  Literary  News  Letter.  Bliss  wrote  several 
books,  including  an  English  grammar.  His  life  was  one  of  in- 
tense activity,  his  greatest  incentive  being,  as  he  said,  not  ''the 
love  of  fame,  but  the  love  of  achievement.*' 

On  reporting  for  the  Louisville  Journal  a  political  speech  made 
by  Henry  C.  Pope,  he  was  hunted  through  the  streets  by  Godfrey 
Pope,  a  cousin  of  the  latter,  and  shot  down  as  he  was  coming  out 
of  the  Gait  house  with  Mr.  Dinneford  the  actor.  This  shameful 
murder  by  a  hot-blooded  Southerner  occurred  on  the  28th  of 
September,  1842.  Pope  was  tried  for  murder,  but  having  money 
and  influence  was  accjuitted  on  the  ground  of  self-defence,  as  Mr. 
Bliss  had  a  revolver  in  his  pocket.  After  ten  days  of  suffering  he 
passed  away,  surrounded  by  scores  of  friends,  evidencing  forgive- 
ness to  all  and  hope  in  God.  He  was  followed  to  the  grave  by  three 
hundred  young  men  as  personal  friends  and  mourners.  Godfrey 
Pope  was  practically  ostracised.  He  enlisted  in  the  Mexican  war 
and  was  shot  by  a  sentinel  on  failing  to  give  the  countersign. 
Henry  C.  Pope  was  killed  in  a  duel.  Truly  "Evil  shall  hunt  the 
violent  man  and  overthrow  him." 

The  qualities  of  Mr.  Bliss  were  of  a  high  order.  He  was  fond 
of  poetry  and  held  the  i>en  of  a  ready  writer.  Elias  Nason  says 
of  him:  ''He  was  sanguine  in  temperament  and  his  imagination 
vivid.  He  read  and  wrote  incessantly,  and  his  writings,  if  collected, 
would  fill  many  volumes.  lie  gave  lectures  publicly  on  History, 
Archery,  Temperance,  etc.  He  corresponded  with  Jared  Sparks, 
James  Savage,  and  other  distinguished  men.'*  No  finer  tribute 
can  be  paid  to  his  memory  than  the  following  from  the  pen  of  his 
fianc^.  Miss  Carpenter:  "He  was  ambitious  and  high-spirited, 
genial  in  temperament  and  generous  to  a  fault;  with  a  wealth  of 
affection  to  mankind  that  led  to  his  putting  forth  his  best  efforts 
for  tlie  uplifting  of  liumanity." 

BLISS,  LEONARD  CARPENTER,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  Julv 
10,  1834.  His  father  was  Captain  James  Bliss,  born  in  Rehoboth 
Nov.  7, 1787,  the  sou  of  Mary  Curfienter  of  Rehoboth.  His  mother 
was  Peddy  Peek,  born  in  Rehoboth  March  20,  1805,  the  daughter 
of  Cromwell  Peck,  who  was  of  the  sixth  generation  of  Pecks  in  this 
country.  His  ancestors,  Thomas  and  George  Bliss,  came  from 
Devonshire  County,  England,  to  Massachusetts  in  1635.  His 
mother  was  descended  from  Joseph  Peck  of  Yorkshire  County, 


I.KONARI)  (AHI'RNTRH  IILISS 


ELMER  JAIIKD  DLISS 


BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES  325 

England,  who  came  to  America  with  his  family  in  1638.  They 
settled  first  in  Hingham,  but  soon  removed  to  Rehoboth.  Mr. 
Bliss's  father  was  a  well-to-do  farmer.  Earlier  relatives  on  his 
mother *s  side  conducted  in  Rehoboth  an  iron  forging  business  on 
the  eastern  branch  of  Palmer's  River  near  Great  Meadow  Hill. 

When  Mr.  Bliss  was  ten  years  old,  his  family  moved  from  Re- 
hoboth to  Wrentham,  Mass.,  where  they  lived  until  he  was  about 
sixteen  and  where  his  schooling  was  continued  and  completed. 
Then  there  occurred  the  incident  which,  as  Mr.  Bliss  described  it, 
"shaped  the  course  of  my  future  life."  At  the  suggestion  of  his 
school  teacher  he  took  charge  of  a  general  store  and  postoffice  at 
Walpole,  Mass.,  for  a  short  time,  and  so  began  his  busmess  career. 
He  next  took  a  position  in  Calvin  Turner's  general  store  in  Sharon, 
Mass.  Oliver  Ames  of  Boston,  one  of  his  customers,  observing  his 
efliciency,  offered  him  a  position  05  clerk  in  the  store  of  the  Oakes 
Ames  Shovel  Manufactory  in  North  Easton,  Mass.,  which  he  ac- 
cepted and  soon  after  became  manager  of  the  business  at  the  age 
of  nineteen.  After  ten  years  of  faithful  service,  he  purchased  a 
large  grocery  business,  including  flour  and  grain,  at  North  Bridge- 
water,  Mass.,  now  Brockton,  receiving  a  loan  of  $2,000  from  Mr. 
Ames.  Here  he  built  up  an  extensive  business  and  acquired  a  good 
reputation  us  a  large  merchandiser.  After  some  years  he  sold 
out  his  business,  to  enter  the  retail  dry  goods  and  shoe  business 
at  Foxborough,  Mass.,  and  later  opened  a  store  at  Edgartown. 
These  too  he  disposed  of,  and  in  1880  he  purchased  a  small  shoe 
manufacturing  plant  in  Brockton,  Mass.,  under  the  firm  name  of 
L.  C.  Bliss  &  Co.,  where  he  began  manufacturing  men's  shoes 
of  a  high  quality  for  the  retail  trade. 

In  September,  1893,  Mr.  Bliss's  son,  Elmer  J.  Bliss,  formed  in 
Boston  the  firm  of  Bliss  &  Cross,  under  the  name  of  the  Regal 
Shoe  Company,  and  oi>ened  a  chain  of  stores  in  several  large  cities. 
In  1894  this  firm  was  consolidated  with  that  of  L.  C.  Bliss  &  Co. 
and  did  business  under  the  latter  name,  removing  its  plant  from 
Brockton  to  Whitman,  Mass.  In  1903  the  business  was  incor- 
porated under  the  name  of  the  Regal  Shoe  Co.  with  L.  C.  Bliss  as 
President.  Thus  Mr.  Bliss  lived  to  find  himself  the  senior  oflicer 
of  a  va^t  and  flourishing  industry,  with  a  chain  of  stores  established 
from  the  Atlantic  to  the  Pacific  and  in  Europe.  In  his  later  years 
he  took  no  active  part  in  the  business,  and  had  abundant  leisure 
for  travel  and  other  wholesome  recreations. 

Mr.  Bliss's  benevolences  were  numerous  and  generous.  His 
name  is  honored  in  the  "Bliss  Union  Chapel"  of  Wrentham  and  the 
Congregational  Church  of  Rehoboth,  where  he  placed  five  Memo- 
rial windows,  and  secured  the  placing  of  three  others  by  Cornelius 
N.  Bliss  of  New  York,  who  was  also  of  Rehoboth  ancestry.  One 
of  these  decorative  windows  contains  the  first  prayer  said  on  the 
ship  "Mayflower." 


326  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Referring  to  his  career,  Mr.  Bliss  said,  *'I  attribute  my  success 
in  life  to  a  strong-minded,  strongly  religious  mother."  He  was 
united  in  marriage  on  October  20,  1863,  with  Eliza  C.  Fisher, 
daughter  of  Captain  Jared  and  Desire  A.  Fisher.  He  is  survived 
by  his  widow  and  also  by  Elmer  Jared  Bliss,  Bertha  Leonard 
(Bliss)  Hinson,  and  Fannie  Agnes  (Bliss)  Thayer. 

BLISS,  ZENAS,  AJM.,  son  of  Zenas  and  Keziah  (Wilmarth) 
Bliss,  grandson  of  Jonathan  and  Lydia  (Wheeler)  Bliss,  was  bom 
in  Rehoboth,  June  11,  1806;  graduated  at  Brown  University  in 
1826;  married  Phebe  Waterman  Randall  of  Johnstone,  R.I.,  in- 
tention, Dec.  29,  1827;  read  law,  but  became  a  manufacturer 
at  Johnstone,  R.I.  His  son,  Zenas  Randall  Bliss  of  Providence  is 
a  graduate  of  West  Point  Military  School,  1854,  and  for  a  time 
was  acting  Brigadier-General  in  the  United  States  Army,  usually 
spoken  of  as  "Col.  Bliss,"  being  Lieut.-Colonel  by  brevet. 

BOSWORTH,  EDWm  RUTHVEN,  contractor  and  builder, 
was  born  in  Rehoboth  March  16, 1826.  His  father  was  Peleg  Bos- 
worth  and  the  family  were  among  the  early  settlers  of  the  town. 
Edwin  was  one  of  twelve  children.  He  worked  on  his  father's 
farm  and  went  to  school  until  he  was  seventeen  years  old,  then 
went  to  Providence  to  learn  the  carpenter's  trade;  worked  for 
a  year  in  Fall  River  and  was  afterwards  employed  as  a  skilled 
workman  for  four  years  at  Palmer.  In  1850  he  started  as  a 
carpenter  and  builder  at  Palmer,  and  erected  the  New  Ix)ndon  & 
Northern  Railroad  Station,  and  also  the  Baptist  Church  of  that 

[>lace.  After  a  time  he  went  West  but  afterwards  returned  and 
ived  at  Amherst  and  looked  after  the  construction  of  the  Ap- 
pleton  Cabinet  Building.  Later  he  settled  in  Easthampton  and 
soon  came  to  be  recognized  as  one  of  the  most  successful  builders 
in  that  part  of  New  England.  The  Town  Hall,  the  Gymnasium, 
one  of  the  halls  of  Williston  Seminary,  the  First  National  Bank 
Building  un<l  the  High  School  were  inifiortunt  constructions  of  his. 
lie  also  built  the  First  National  Bank  at  Northampton. 

In  addition  to  being  a  builder,  he  was  also  an  architect  and  civil 
engineer.  In  1873  he  was  associated  with  C.  W*.  Richards  in  the 
lumber  business  at  Springfield.  At  Easthampton  he  was  several 
times  elected  to  the  Board  of  Selectmen.  He  was  a  director  of  the 
Easthampton  National  Bank,  and  was  a  trustee  and  member  of  the 
financial  committee  of  the  town  Savings  Bank.  He  was  for  sev- 
eral years  sent  to  the  Massachusetts  legislature.  He  died  at 
Easthampton,  July  18,  1887,  in  his  65th  year. 

BOWEN,  AMOS  MILLER,  was  a  lineul  descendant  of  Richard 

Bowen  of  Rehoboth,  1640.    He  was  born  in  Providence,  Jan.  22, 

1838,  son  of  William  Bradford  and  Hannah  Boyd  (Miller)  Bowen. 

He  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Providence  and  was  a 

student  in  Brown  University  when  he  enlisted  as  a  private  in  Co. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES  327 

A,  1st  Regiment  Rhode  Island  Detached  Militia,  April  17,  1861, 
mustered  m  May  2,  1861.  He  was  taken  prisoner  at  Bull  Run, 
July  21,  1861,  paroled,  May  22,  1862,  and  discharged  July  22, 

1862.  He  was  commissioned  1st  Lieut.  Co.  C,  2d  Regiment  Rhode 
Island  Volunteers,  Feb.  16,  1863;  September,  1863,  Actmg  A.D. 
C.  to  Gen.  Eustiss,  commanding  Brigade,  and  so  borne  until  May 
1864.    Mustered  out  June  17,  1864. 

Upon  his  return  from  the  Civil  War  he  entered  the  fire  insurance 
business,  and  was  for  about  thirty-five  years  president  and  treasurer 
of  the  Franklin  Mutual  Fire  Insurance  Company.  At  the  time 
of  his  decease  he  was  secretary  of  the  Rhode  Island  State  House 
Commission.  He  served  six  years  in  the  Rhode  Island  House  of 
Representatives  and  for  nineteen  years  on  the  Providence  School 
Committee,  two  years  as  its  secretary.  He  was  a  charter  member 
of  St.  James  Episcopal  Church,  and  its  senior  warden  until  his 
decease.  He  served  as  1st  Lieut,  of  Co.  A,  1st  Light  Infantry 
Regiment.  He  was  a  member  of  Rodman  Post,  G.  A.  R.,  and  of 
the  Massachusetts  Commandery  of  the  Military  Order  of  the 
Loyal  legion.  He  was  awarded  the  honorary  degree  of  A.M.  by 
his  alma  mater  in  1891  as  a  member  of  the  class  of  1863.  He  mar- 
ried (1)  Caroline  Mary  Perez  of  Attleborough,  Mass.,  Nov.  4, 

1863,  daughter  of  Manuel  Perez  (from  San  Jose,  Cuba)  and  Mary 
(Witherell)  Perez.    She  died  Nov.  12,  1867.    Children; 

William  Manuel  Perez,  born  at  Attleborough,  Mass.,  Sept.  8, 
1864;  married  Aug.  4,  1900,  at  New  York  City,  Lucie  Mc- 
Mahon  Carpenter. 

Mary  Caroline  Wheaton,  born  at  Providence,  May  28,  1866. 

lie  married  (2)  Eliza  Rhodes  Henry,  of  Providence,  April  14, 
1869.    Children: 

Annie  Olive,  born  April  23,  1870. 

Richard,  born  April  8,  1872;  married  Sept.  18, 1905,  Annie  Holden 
Andrews  of  Providence. 

Amos  Miller,  Jr.,  born  Oct.  18,  1873;  married  Feb.  3,  1898,  Mary 
Turner  Aspinwall,  of  Sharon,  Mass.,  who  died  April  29,  1902. 

Alice  Lindley,  born  Feb.  15,  1876;  married  Dec.  25,  1900,  Charles 
W.  Low,  of  Brockton,  Mass. 

Florence  Rhodes,  born  March  12,  1878;  married  at  Colon,  Pan- 
ama, June  9,  1905,  Will  Adelbert  Clader  of  Philadelphia.  A 
daughter,  Hope  Miller,  born  at  Providence,  Jan.  22,  1909. 

Lillian  Shearman,  born  May  12,  1880;  married  Dec.  25,  1911, 
Ernest  Ford  Salisbury  of  Providence. 

Harold  Gardiner,  horn  Nov.  0,  1883;  lieutenant  U.  S.^Navy; 
married  Sept.  23,  1911,  Margaret  Edith  Brownlie,  of  Vallejo, 
Cal.  A  son,  Harold  Gardiner,  Jr.,  born  at  Annapolis,  Md., 
Oct.  15,  1912. 

Marion  Henry,  born  Dec.  30,  1886;  married  Nov.  8,  1909,  Fred- 
erick Mason  of  Providence. 


328  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

Mr.  Bowen  died  at  Providence  June  3»  1907»  and  was  buried 
at  Lakeside  Cemetery,  Rumford,  R.I. 

BOWEN,  COL.  LYNDAL,  son  of  Nathan  and  Patience  Lindley 
Bowen,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  Aug.  9,  1804,  on  the  homestead 
which  had  been  in  the  possession  of  the  Bowen  family  for  five 
generations.  As  a  boy  he  attended  the  schools  of  his  native  town 
and  helped  his  father  with  the  work  on  the  farm.  He  learned  the 
trade  of  a  wheelwright,  which  he  carried  on  later  in  Rehoboth 
Village. 

CoT.  Bowen  was  nrominent  in  the  Rehoboth  Militia.  He  was 
for  a  time  colonel  of  the  First  Regiment,  2d  Brigade,  5Ui 
Division,  which  was  organized  in  June,  1685,  and  disbanded  by 
the  Massachusetts  Legislature,  April  24,  .1840.  Col.  Bowen  s 
commission  was  dated  Oct.  23,  1830.  He  led  this  famous  old 
regiment  in  escorting  President  Jackson  when  he  passed  through 
Pawtucket,  June  21,  1833.  Col.  Bowen  presented  the  state  and 
regimental  colors  of  this  regiment  to  the  Rehoboth  Antiquarian 
Society.    He  died  Sept.  11,  1890. 

He  married  Joanna  Nichols  of  Rehoboth,  Oct.  4, 1829,  and  went 
to  live  in  Rehoboth  Village.  After  a  few  years  he  returned  to  the 
farm  adjoining  that  of  his  father  and  applied  himself  to  its  cul- 
tivation in  connection  with  the  business  of  wheelwright  and  wood 
turner.  Eight  children  were  bom  of  this  marriage: 

Nancy  Maria,  Jan.  1,  1831;  married  Pardon  Bosworth,  Aug.  17, 
1853,  to  whom  were  born  Jefferson  D.,  Maria  Louisa,  George 
Henry  and  two  other  children  who  died  in  infancy. 

Josiah  Quincy,  June  13,  1833;  married  Rebecca  Ann  Smith,  Oct. 
31,  1858,  of  which  marriage  were  bom:  Frank  Smith,  Elmer 
Ellsworth,  Adelaide  Chester,  Celestia  Day,  and  Stephen 
Lyndal  Bowen. 

Graniolle  Stevens,  Nov.  10,  1835;  married  Adaline  Dolson,  May 
31,  1869.  Of  this  union  were  born:  Harry,  Abbie  Avis,  Amy 
Ann,  William  S.,  Cassie  Maria,  and  George  Ralph.  Died 
Feb.  7,  1916. 

Susan  Martin,  Oct.  24,  1837;  married  John  W.  Briggs,  Sept.  30, 
1875,  to  whom  were  born  Howard  Bowen  and  Alice  Cary. 
Died  Feb.  26,  1918. 

Anna  Elizabeth,  Sept.  9,  1842;  unmarried.     Died  Nov.  13,  1915. 

Henrietta,  June  1,  1844;  married  Joseph  W.  Baker,  June  1,  1880, 
to  whom  was  bom  Roger  Williams.  Died  Jan.  20,  1916. 

David  Mendon,  July  3,  1847;  married  Elizabeth  Martin,  Nov. 
2,  1876. 

Florence  Eudora,  Oct.  20,  1849;  unmarried. 

BOWEN,  REUBEN,  grandson  of  Uriah  and  Esther.  Uriah 
settled  in  Rehoboth  about  the  middle  of  the  18th  century,  and 
built  a  saw-mill  on  the  stream  flowing  through  his  land,  doing 


BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES  329 

business  for  a  number  of  years  in  connection  with  Benjamin  Mun- 
roc,  who  was  a  grandson  of  Capt.  Benjamin  Church  of  Annawan 
fame.   Traces  of  the  old  dam  may  still  be  seen. 

Ephraim,  son  of  Uriah,  married  Rhoda  Bates.  He  was  born  on 
the  Bowen  homestead  Jan.  7,  1769,  where  he  lived,  carrying  on 
the  farm  until  his  death,  Sept.  17, 1856. 

Reuben,  son  of  Ephraim  and  Rhoda,  was  born  in  the  same 
house,  Oct.  15, 1812.  In  his  youth  he  worked  on  the  farm,  attend- 
ing the  district  school  winters  and,  when  old  enough,  learned  the 
carpenter's  trade,  at  which  he  worked  for  several  years.  For  a 
time  he  was  engaged  in  the  manufacture  of  straw  goods  in  the 
town  of  Wrentham,  where  he  met  the  lady  who  became  his  wife. 
Years  before  railroads  were  common  in  New  England,  Mr.  Bowen 
made  horseback  journeys  into  Northern  Vermont  and  Canada, 
often  in  company  with  Abiah  Bliss,  Jr.,  where  they  would  pur- 
chase horses  and  lead  them  home  in  groups,  a  distance  of  several 
hundred  miles.  They  also  brought  down  herds  of  cattle  year 
after  year  and  sold  them  both  for  breeding  and  for  the  shambles. 
In  many  instances  tliese  long  trips  were  very  fatiguing,  and  only 
strong,  resolute  men  could  endure  the  hardships  involved.  In 
later  years,  Mr.  Bowen  made  a  specialty  of  horses  and  shipped 
them  in  car-loads  from  various  Canadian  marts.  Some  of  these 
trading  trips  were  made  in  partnership  with  his  son-in-law,  Seneca 
Cole.  The  horses  were  sold  to  people  in  Attleborough,  Rehoboth 
and  neighboring  towns.  The  mterest  in  live  stock  continued  in 
Mr.  Bowen 's  sons,  William  B.  and  Murray  J.,  who  carry  on  the 
farm  together.  A  fine  herd  of  twenty-three  Holsteins  was  de- 
stroyed when  the  barns  were  burned,  Nov.  27,  1900.  A  new  herd 
of  thirty  was  at  once  secured  whose  milk  sells  readily  without 
addition  from  other  breeds.  A  yoke  of  Holstein  oxen  raised  on  the 
farm  weighing  4,300  pounds  was  sold  for  $400  in  1914  to  Andrew 
Turner  of  Dighton.  Mr.  Bowen  began  selling  milk  seventy -five 
years  ago  in  a  jug  which  he  used  to  carry  to  Providence  with  a  load 
of  wood  drawn  by  oxen.  How  great  the  contrast  between  then  and 
now!    How  rapid  and  extensive  the  progress  in  scientific  farming! 

Having  an  aptitude  for  business,  he  was  very  successful  making 
investments  in  various  stocks,  while  he  constantly  improved  his 
farm  which  came  to  be  one  of  the  best  in  town.  He  had  great 
energy  and  unusual  sagacity.  He  was  a  member  and  constant 
attendant  at  the  Congregational  Church  in  the  Village,  and  was 
one  of  the  largest  givers  for  its  support.  He  was  gifted  in  con- 
versation, keen  in  repartee,  a  geniai  companion  and  a  firm  friend. 

Mr.  Bowen  married  first,  Sarah  Ann  George  of  Wrentham » 
Dec.  4,  1837;  died  Nov.  1,  1861.    They  had  eleven  children: 

George  Reuben,  born  Nov.  17,  1838;  died  April  5,  1853. 
Edward  Lawrence,  born  March  12,  1841;  married  Mary  Lowe  of 
Providence,  R.I.,  March  12,  1867.    No  children. 


330  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Harriet  Augusta,  born  July  3,  1845;    married  William  Henry 

Marvel  of  Rehoboth,  June  25,  1865;    died  May  29,  1872. 

He  died  May  20,  1909.   Two  children. 
Ellen  Maria,  born  April  11,  1843;   married  George  W.  Marsh  of 

Providence,  R.I..  July  27,  1871.     He  died  July  12,  1897. 

No  children. 
Charles  Artemus,  born  April   10,   1848;    married  Nancy  Peck 

Bowen,  daughter  of  Otis  P.  Bowen  of  Rehoboth,  March  3, 

1871.    Four  children. 
Catherine  Walton,  born  March  24,  1850;  married  Joseph  F.  Earle, 

June  5,  1875.    He  died  May  17,  1912.    Four  children. 
Ida  Adelaide,  born  May  27,  1852;  died  Sept.  14,  1857. 
Clara  George,  born  Feb.  27,  1855;  married  Christopher  C.  Viall, 

April  14,  1881.    Two  children. 
George  Warren,  born  Jan.  26,  1857  ;  married  Huldali  A.  Baker 

Jan.  19,  1881.    One  daughter,  Luella. 
Virginia  Adelaide,  born  April  23,  1859;    married  Oscar  Perry, 

March  17,  1882.    Eight  children,  six  living. 
Sarah  Ann,  born  Nov.  1,  1861;  died  Feb.  10,  1884. 

Second  wife,  Sarah  Murray  Blanding  of  Rehoboth,  Feb.  23, 
1865  (died  Dec.  31,  1911).    Four  children  as  follows: 

William  Blanding,  born  Dec.  1, 1865;  married  Sabina  A.  (Nichols) 
Horton,  Dec.  6,  1906.    Two  children. 

Elizabeth  Carpenter,  born  March  26,  1867;  married  Seneca  Cole 
of  Attleborough,  Aug.  28,  1890.    One  child. 

Murray  James,  born  May  22,  1869;  married,  first,  Mary  L.  Gib- 
bons, Skowhegan,  Me.,  Oct.  23,  1894.  Second  wife,  Evelyn 
E.  Bruen  of  Attleborough,  Feb.  17,  1904.    One  child. 

Susan  Augusta,  born  June  19,  1872;  married  John  C,  Kingsford, 
Nov.  18.  1903.    One  child. 

Mr.  Bowen  died  March  20,  1903,  aged  90  years. 

BOWEN,  WttLIAM  HENRY,  son  of  Isaiah  and  Lydia  (Goff) 
Bowen,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  Aug.  18,  1819.  He  was  the  eldest 
of  three  children,  a  brother,  George  Washington,  with  whom  he 
was  most  closely  allied  for  over  seventy  years,  and  a  sister  Emely 
Ann,  who  died  at  the  age  of  twelve  years. 

Mr.  Bowen  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  the  town  and 
at  the  private  school  of  Rev.  Otis  Thomp.son.  He  was  much  in- 
terested in  educational  matters,  teaching  in  the  schools  of  Rehoboth 
and  Swansea  and  in  later  years  serving  on  tiie  Rehoboth  School 
Boanl.  He  was  u  mechanic  by  trade,  us  a  young  man  helping 
his  father  in  the  workshop  still  standing  upon  the  farm  where  he 
spent  his  whole  life  of  nearly  eighty-five  years.  They  made  handles 
of  axes,  chisels  and  hammers. 

In  the  heart  of  the  deep  woods,  under  a  bass-wood  tree,  stood 
a  little  mill,  the  foundations  of  which  may  still  be  seen,  where 


BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES  331 

bobbins  were  turned.  There  was  little  machinery  and  much 
hand- work.  For  many  years  farming  was  the  occupation  of  the 
summer  months  and  the  workshop  the  center  of  winter  activities. 
Mr.  Bo  wen  spent  his  life  upon  the  homestead  place,  increasing 
its  size  by  buying  land,  and  he  also  built,  in  company  with  his 
brother  George,  a  house  on  the  opposite  side  of  the  road  from  the 
old  gambrel-roofed  house  in  which  he  was  born.  In  1872  he  mar- 
ried Grace  L.  Patten  of  Attleborough,  Mass.,  then  teaching  at  the 
Wheeler  School  in  Rehoboth,  while  he  was  serving  on  its  com- 
mittee. 

Mr.  Bowen  died  March  19, 1904,  at  the  age  of  eighty-four  years 
and  seven  months.  His  widow,  Mrs.  Grace  L.  Bowen,  a  daughter, 
Emily  Bradford  (Bowen)  Horton,  and  his  aged  brother  survived 
him. 

Mrs.  Bowen's  daughter  by  a  previous  marriage,  Hannah  M. 
Patten,  married  Francis  A.  Goff,  and  their  son,  Lester  Goff,  a 
talented  musician,  plays  the  organ  at  the  Village  Church. 

BOWEN,  WILLIAM  MANUEL  PEREZ,  practicing  attorney, 
and  an  official  in  Rhode  Island  corporations  of  note,  was  born  m 
Attleborough,  Mass.,  Sept.  8,  1864.  He  is  a  son  of  Amos  Miller 
Bowen,  who  was  a  soldier  in  the  Civil  War.  The  family  are 
descendants  of  Richard  Bowen,  who  emigrated  from  Glamorgan- 
shire, Wales,  in  1G40,  and  was  among  the  first  settlers  in  Rehoboth. 
Richard  Bowen's  ancestry  (Owen)  descended  from  the  Welsh 
princes  and  Henry  Tudor  of  the  English  Tudors.  Maternally, 
Caroline  Mary  (Perez)  Bowen  (mother)  descended  from  the  Span- 
ish and  Cuban  families  of  Perez  and  Capote.  The  earliest  ances- 
tors are  of  various  colonial  origin,  including  the  Mayflower  through 
the  Fullers;  and  many  members  fought  in  the  Colonial  Wars,  War 
of  1812  and  Civil  War. 

W.  M.  P.  Bowen  received  a  liberal  education  in  the  schools  of 
Providence,  later  entering  Brown  University,  and  was  graduated 
therefrom,  A.B.  1884,  and  A.M.  1887.  He  thereupon  took  up  his 
law  studies  and  was  assistant  clerk  in  the  County  Court,  Provi- 
dence, from  1884  to  1901.  He  began  practice  of  the  law  in  Prov- 
idence in  1901,  and  since  that  time  has  been  engaged  in  general 
practice  before  the  State  and  Federal  bar,  and  is  a  standing  master 
in  chancery.  Mr.  Bowen  was  a  member  of  the  Providence  School 
Committee  in  1899,  and  was  elected  a  member  of  the  Rhode  Island 
House  of  Representatives,  1902-05-OG,  and  State  Senator  from 
Providence  1909^10.  He  was  member  (1909-12)  of  the  Special 
Taxation  Committee,  which  revised  the  tax-laws  of  the  state. 
For  some  years  he  has  been  chairman  of  the  Republican  City 
Committee  of  Providence. 

Mr.  Bowen  is  a  member  of  St.  Stephen's  P.  E.  Church;  life  mem- 
ber of  League  of  American  Wheelmen,  and  active  in  promoting 
good  roads.    Also  author  of  important  state  highway  legislation. 


832  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

Member  University  Club,  Quarter  Century  Club»  Rhode  Island 
School  of  Design*  Sons  of  the  American  Revolution,  Military  Order 
of  the  Loyal  Legion,  and  United  Train  of  Artillery.  Past  Rhode 
Island  Division  Commander,  Sons  of  Veterans;  Colonel  First 
Light  Infantry  Regiment,  1911-13,  and  on  retired  list  Rhode  Is- 
land Militia  with  rank  of  colonel;  enlisted  in  third  and  fourth 
military  training  camps  at  Plattsburg,  N.Y.,  1915  and  1916; 
thirty-second  degree  Mason  and  Shriner.  Since  1897,  secretary 
of  the  Providence  Building,  Sanitary  and  Educational  Associa- 
tion; secretary  Pascoag  Water  Company;  President  U.  S.  Ring 
Traveler  Company,  Providence. 

BROWN,  CHARLOTTE  WRIGHT  (PECK),  daughter  of  Syl- 
vanus  and  Charlotte  Wright  Peck,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  March 
15,  1808.  She  gained  the  rudiments  of  learning  at  the  district 
school  known  as  the  "Palmer's  River  School,"  or  district  number 
eight.  She  was  an  apt  pupil,  acquiring  a  taste  for  good  reading 
and  became  a  diligent  student  of  the  Bible.  She  married,  Oct.  7, 
1827,  Eleazer  A.  Brown,  and  resided  for  several  years  at  the  "Shad 
Factory."  Later  her  home  was  in  Rehoboth  Village.  She  united 
with  the  Village  Church,  July  3,  1830,  under  the  pastorate  of  Rev. 
Thomas  Vernon.  Mrs.  Brown  was  a  woman  of  great  energy,  and 
was  foremost  in  every  worthy  enterprise  in  both  the  church  and 
community.  She  did  more  than  any  one  else  in  promoting  the 
Bicknell  High  School.  While  her  own  family  was  large,  there 
was  always  ''room  for  one  more,"  and  ministers  and  teachers  often 
enjoyed  her  generous  hospitality.  Though  sorely  afflicted  in  the 
loss  of  her  children,  she  bore  her  many  trials  without  a  murmur. 
As  the  bitter  mingled  with  the  sweet  in  her  life,  she  could  ever  say, 
with  unwavering  trust  in  her  Heavenly  Father,  'TThy  will  be  done." 
She  was  not  only  optimistic,  but  kind  and  sympathetic.  Many  a 
sick-room  was  cheered  by  her  presence,  and  the  passage  of  many 
a  one  down  the  dark  valley  was  made  smoother  by  her  gentle 
touch.  She  passed  away  April  11,  1888.  A  brave,  gentle,  noble 
woman! 

BROWN,  ELEAZER  ARNOLD,  was  born  in  Cumberland,  R.I., 
Aug.  13,  1800.  He  was  third  in  a  family  of  ten  children.  His 
father  also  was  Eleazer  and  a  native  of  Cumberland,  a  respected 
citizen,  a  farmer  and  cooper  by  occupation.  In  the  days  of  the 
militia  he  held  the  office  of  ensign  in  the  Diamond  Hill  Company. 

His  mother  was  Elizabeth  Cole,  daughter  of  John  Cole  who  went 
from  Rehoboth,  where  his  ancestors  had  settled.  Elizabeth  had 
few  advantages  for  culture,  but  she  was  a  woman  of  great  firmness, 
and  her  children  were  trained  under  a  strict  discipline.  Both 
father  and  mother  died  at  the  advanced  age  of  84  years. 

The  father,  Eleazer,  was  the  son  of  Nicholas  Brown,  who  was  a 
man  of  energy  and  ability.    At  the  age  of  eighteen,  Nicholas  took 


Mi«.   CIIAltLO'lTK   W.   (I'KCK)   BROWN 


BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES  333 

his  musket  and  started  for  Concord,  and  fought  in  the  battle  of 
Lexington;  here  he  so  injured  his  ankle  that  the  leg  had  to  be 
amputated,  and  he  ever  after  wore  a  wooden  leg.  He  was  a  chief 
elder  in  the  Quaker  church;  he  married  Susanna  Arnold,  whose 
father  was  one  of  the  proprietors  of  Arnold's  Mills.  Nicholas  had 
seven  children  of  whom  Eleazer  was  the  second.  The  father  of 
Nicholas  and  great-grandfather  of  the  subject  of  our  sketch  was 
Jabez  Brown  of  Smithfield,  R.I.  His  wife  was  a  Whipple  and  they 
lived  in  a  little  house  on  Molasses  Hill,  on  the  banks  of  the  Black- 
stone,  where  they  brought  up  seventeen  children. 

From  these  facts  we  see  that  Eleazer  was  descended  from  a  hardy 
New  England  stock.  Until  he  was  fourteen  he  lived  at  Cumber- 
land with  his  parents,  working  on  the  farm  summers  and  attending 
school  winters.  He  always  remembered  the  stem  old  school- 
master, Arnold  Speare,  whose  heavy  ferule  kept  the  boys  on  a 
straight  line.  When  he  was  fourteen  the  family  moved  to  Georgia- 
ville  and  Eleazer  was  put  into  the  factory  to  tend  spinning-frames. 
He  worked  two  years  at  two  dollars  a  week,  when  he  became 
mastcr-spinncr  and  liis  wages  were  increased.  After  two  years 
more  he^  went  into  the  factory  store  and  soon  had  charge  of  it. 

Continuing  for  four  years  and  a  half,  he  then  went  to  Providence 
at  the  age  of  twenty-two  and  started  a  store  on  his  own  account. 
It  was  located  on  North  Main  Street,  next  door  to  St.  John's 
Church.  After  about  two  years'  experience  he  concluded  that  he 
was  better  adapted  for  mechanical  than  for  mercantile  business. 
He  sold  out  to  a  Mr.  Hawkcs,  a  watchmaker,  in  1824,  and  went  to 
Branch  Village,  Smithfield,  R.I.,  as  superintendent  of  a  factory, 
where  he  remained  only  a  short  time.  In  the  winter  of  1824,  he 
attended  the  academy  at  Uxbridge,  and  afterwards  went  into 
Philip  Allen's  factory  in  Smithfield  as  second  hand  in  the  card- 
room,  where  he  first  met  Benjamin  Peck,  who  was  superintendent 
of  the  mill.  After  two  years  he  went  with  Mr.  Peck  to  Rehoboth 
and  took  charge  of  the  card-room  at  the  Orleans  Mill.  **There," 
he  says,  "my  taste  for  machinery  was  gratified."  The  mill  then 
employee!  from  twenty  to  twenty-five  hands. 

Sept.  17,  1827,  he  was  married  by  Rev.  Thomas  Vernon  to 
Charlotte  Wright  Peck  of  South  Rehoboth,  with  whom  he  lived 
happily  for  more  than  sixty  years.  On  Jan.  3,  1830,  they  both 
united  with  the  Village  Church  on  confession  of  faith.  In  1836, 
he  left  the  Orleans  Factory,  and  after  four  years  at  Woodstock,  Ct., 
came  to  Rehoboth  Village,  where  he  became  manager  and  after- 
wards part  owner  of  the  Factory  property.  He  resided  here  until 
his  death,  June  1, 1889,  and  was  a  respected  citizen  and  an  honored 
deacon  in  the  Congregational  Church.  He  was  ordained  to  thid 
ofiice  March  4,  1841. 

Deacon  Brown  was  a  man  of  unusual  intelligence.  He  had  an 
original  way  of  putting  things  and  was  very  quick  at  repartee. 


334  HISTORY  OP  REHOBOTH 

His  language  was  choice  and  exact;  he  knew  what  he  believed  and 
could  express  his  ideas  clearly  and  unequivocally.  He  was  very 
fond  of  machinery,  and  spent  a  large  part  of  his  time  in  making 
or  mending  something.  He  invented  a  machine  for  twisting  or 
winding  twine,  the  idea  coming  to  him  in  his  sleep.    He  was  em- 

?haticfdly  a  religious  man,  and  a  thorough  student  of  the  Bible, 
k^hen  very  old,  he  went  to  church  leaning  on  his  cane  until  he 
could  scarcely  totter  to  his  place.  He  died  May  30,  1889,  in  his 
89th  year. 

He  had  eleven  children,  most  of  whom  died  young.  Three  sons 
served  through  nearly  the  whole  period  of  the  Civil  War: 

Edward  Payson  in  the  Fourth  R.I.  Regiment,  breveted  major 

for  gallant  conduct;  l>ccamc  a  prominent  lawyer. 
Arnold  DeF.,  second  lieut.  in  the  Third  R.I.  Cavalry,  and 
James  P.,  became  second  lieut.  in  the  Fourteenth  R.I.  Heavy 
Artillery  (colored).    Killed  in  battle. 

BROWN,  MAJOR  EDWARD  P.,  born  Feb.  8,  1840,  was  son 
of  Dea.  E.  A.  and  Charlotte  W.  (Peck)  Brown.  He  prepared  for 
college  at  the  Rehoboth  High  School,  Thetford  Academy,  Vt., 
and  the  University  Grammar  School  of  Providence,  R.I.  En- 
tered Brown  University  in  1859;  enlisted  Aug.  31,  1862,  with 
commission  of  2d  Lieut,  in  Co.  I,  4th  R.I.  regiment;  later  pro- 
moted to  1st  Lieut.,  to  Captain,  and  to  rank  of  Major  b^  brevet, 
for  gallant  conduct  in  battle.  Returned  in  1865,  finished  his 
course  at  Brown,  graduating  in  1867;  graduated  at  the  Harvard 
Law  School  in  1869;  began  the  practice  of  law  at  North  Attle- 
borough,  Mass.,  and  removed  to  Boston  in  1870;  for  three  years 
was  chosen  member  of  the  General  Court  from  Boston;  con- 
ducted the  noted  case  of  Gen.  B.  F.  Butler,  then  Governor  of 
Massachusetts,  vs.  the  managers  of  the  Tewksbury  alms-house, 
and  won  the  verdict  of  acquittal  on  the  charges  made  by  the 
Governor.  He  became  a  well-known  lawyer  in  Boston,  and  later 
practiced  law  in  New  York. 

Major  Brown  married  first  Miss  Emma  I.  Clapp,  of  Boston, 
in  1866,  by  whom  he  had  three  children,  Edith,  Ethel  and  Harold. 
Mrs.  Brown  died  in  1888.  He  married  for  his  second  wife,  April 
1892,  Elizabeth  E.  Hough  of  New  York,  who  survives  him.  He 
died  July  26,  1909,  and  is  buried  in  Woodlawn  Cemetery,  N.Y., 
where  a  fine  monument  marks  his  resting-place. 

BROWN,  JAMES,  son  of  John  of  Wannamoiset  and  Dorothy, 
admitted  freeman  at  Plymouth,  1636,  at  Taunton,  1643,  and  at 
Rehoboth,  1658;  married  Lydia  Howland,  daughter  of  John  How- 
land  of  the  Mayflower.  Like  his  father,  he  was  liberal  in  religious 
matters  and  a  warm  friend  of  Rev.  John  Miles,  with  whom  he  was 
fined  £5.  for  setting  up  a  Baptist  meeting  in  Rehoboth  in  1667. 
He  was  one  of  the  seven  charter  members  of  the  Miles  Church 


BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES  335 

formed  that  year  in  connection  with  the  new  town  of  Swansea. 
Mr.  Brown  was  the  foremost  citizen  of  the  town;  he  had  been 
Governor's  assistant  in  1665  and  1666,  and  between  1670  and  1675; 
was  deputy  to  the  Plymouth  Court  from  Swansea  in  1669,  *71, 
and  '72.  He  was  active  in  Philip's  war,  and  on  June  14  and  15» 
1675,  went  to  Philip  to  persuade  him  to  be  quiet.  He  would  have 
been  killed  by  the  excited  Indians  had  not  Philip  prevented  it» 
saying  that  his  "father  had  requested  him  to  do  no  tiarm  to  Mr. 
Brown,  as  he  had  received  repeated  kindnesses  from  him."  He 
doubtless  lived  on  his  father's  large  estate  at  Wannamoiset  and  is 
buried  at  Little  Neck. 

BROWN,  JOHN.  The  ancestors  of  the  Brown  families  lived 
in  the  south  and  west  of  England,  and  emigrated  to  Boston  and 
Plymouth  between  the  years  1620  and  1692.  Peter  Brown,  the 
first-comer,  was  of  Puritan  stock,  and  came  in  the  Mayflower  in 
1620.  John  Brown  became  acquainted  with  the  Pilgrims  at  Ley- 
den,  prior  to  1620.  The  year  of  his  arrival  in  America  is  unknown, 
probably  about  1630,  as  we  find  him  elected  a  freeman  in  1634, 
and  in  1636  an  assistant  to  the  Governor  of  Plymouth,  an  office 
which  he  held  by  annual  election  for  seventeen  years.  Mr.  Brown 
was  a  man  of  large  intelligence,  great  energy  of  character,  and  deep 
and  earnest  piety.  He  was  a  grand  pioneer  in  the  settlement  of 
the  towns  on  the  west  of  old  Plymouth.  In  1636  he  was  a  resident 
of  Duxbury.  We  find  his  name  among  the  purchasers  of  the  tract 
of  land  called  Cohannett,  or  Taunton,  in  1637,  and  he  with  Miles 
Standish  erected  bounds  around  tiie  purchase  in  1640.  During  the 
next  year  he  was  one  of  the  company  to  purchase  Rehoboth,  and 
his  interest  in  that  township  was  the  largest  of  any,  amounting 
to  six  hundred  pounds.  Prior  to  June  9,  1645,  he  had  removed  to 
Rehoboth,  for  we  find  his  name  first  with  six  others  who  were 
chosen  to  order  the  prudential  affairs  of  that  town  for  six  months. 
His  son  James  removed  from  Taunton  with  him,  and  his  son  John 
followed  in  1647.  In  December,  1645,  Mr.  Brown,  Sr.,  became 
sole  proprietor  of  the  section  known  by  the  Indians  as  Wannamoi- 
set, and  Wannamoiset  Neck  (now  Bullock's  Point  and  River- 
side), which  originally  included  a  portion  of  the  present  towns  of 
Rehoboth  and  Swansea,  with  a  portion  of  Barrington  and  the 
south  part  of  Seekonk  and  East  Providence.  His  name  appears 
on  all  of  the  important  committees  of  the  town.  Now  he  was 
chosen  to  carry  on  a  suit  at  the  Court;  afterwards  "to  make  dil- 
igent search  to  find  out  the  most  convenient  way  between  Reho- 
both and  Dedham";  then  he,  with  Mr.  Peter  Hunt,  was  ordered 
to  go  to  Plymouth,  "to  make  agreement  about  the  Indian  com- 
plaints"; and  various  other  records  of  public  duties,  which  in- 
dicate his  prominence  and  ability  as  a  citizen  of  the  town  and  of 
the  colony.  His  liberal  sentiments  on  religious  affairs  were  positive* 
and  as  a  colonial  magistrate  he  expressed  his  scruples  as  to  the 


•  A  1' 


336  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

propriety  of  coercing  the  people  to  support  the  mtiiister»  and  of- 
fered to  pay  all  delinquencies  from  his  own  estates.  In  16^  the 
colonies  of  Plymouth,  Massachusetts,  Connecticut  and  New 
Haven  united  in  a  confederacy,  styled  The  United  Colonies  of 
New  England,  for  their  common  defence  and  welfare.  Each  col- 
ony sent  two  commissioners  to  the  meetings  of  this  body.  Mr. 
John  Brown  represented  Plymouth  Colony  for  twelve  years,  and 
was  associated  m  these  deliberations  with  sudi  men  as  John  Win- 
throp.  Gov.  Haynes,  Mr.  Eaton,  Mr.  Bradstreet,  and  Gov.  Wins- 
low.  In  this  body  he  exercised  a  large  influence,  and  served  the 
colony  wisely  and  faithfully.  He  was  captain  of  the  Swansea 
militia,  and  built  the  house  m  which  he  lived  till  his  death,  on  the 
main  road,  near  Riverside,  East  Providence.  He  died  April  10, 
1662,  and  was  buried  at  the  Little  Neck  Burial  Ground,  near 
Bullock's  Cove.  His  widow,  Dorothy  Brown,  was  buried  there; 
she  died  at  Swansea,  Jan.  27, 1674,  aged  ninety  years.  His  daugh- 
ter Mary  and  her  husband,  Capt.  Thomas  Willett,  with  other 
descendants,  were  buried  in  this  ground.  Mr.  Brown  left  three 
children:  Mary,  who  married  Capt.  Thomas  Willett;  John,  Jr., 
who  settled  with  his  father  in  Rehoboth;  and  James  Brown,  who 
was  one  of  the  most  influential  men  in  the  founding  of  Swansea,  as 
well  as  one  of  the  leading  members  of  Mr.  Miles's  church. 

BROWN,  WALTER  DeFOREST,  son  of  Arnold  DcForest  and 
Amanda  M.  (Horton)  Brown,  was  bom  in  Rehoboth,  Nov.  6, 
1861.  In  addition  to  the  district  schools  of  Rehoboth,  he  studied 
at  the  State  Street  Intermediate  and  Benefit  Street  Grammar 
Schools  of  Providence,  R.I.;  also  two  vears  at  the  Rogers  High 
Sdiool  at  Newport.  After  a  commercial  course  at  the  Bryant  and 
Stratton  School  in  Providence,  at  the  age  of  nineteen  he  became 
entry  clerk  of  the  wholesale  grocery  house  of  Bugbee  &  Brownell, 
remaining  four  and  a  half  years.  He  was  next  employed  in  the 
wholesale  grain  house  of  Messrs.  Day,  Sons  &  Co.  on  Dyer  Street 
for  about  Uie  same  length  of  time.  In  1899  he  became  bookkeeper 
with  the  National  India  Rubber  Co.,  holding  this  position  until 
1904,  when  he  was  elected  secretary,  and  in  1905  he  was  honored 
bv  being  chosen  treasurer  also,  and  faithfully  performed  the  duties 
of  both  oflices.  This  large  company  employs  about  nineteen  hun- 
dred people,  carrying  on  an  extensive  business  and  requiring  a  man 
of  large  capacity  to  conduct  its  finances. 

Mr.  Brown  was  married  in  1883  to  Martha  T.,  daughter  of 
Edward  D.  Jones,  Jr.,  of  Newport.  One  daughter,  Viola  T.,  was 
born  to  them  Aug.  27,  1888.  She  married  Harold  Van  Gaasbeek, 
Aug.  20, 1913.    Their  daughter  Barbara  was  born  Sept.  7, 1915. 

Mr.  Brown  was  a  member  of  Capital  Lodge,  I.  O.  O.  F.,  of  Prov- 
idence, having  passed  through  all  the  chairs.  He  was  a  member 
of  the  New  England  Order  of  Protection  and  several  other  frater- 
nal organizations;  also  a  member  of  the  Washington  Park  M.  E. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES  337 

Church  of  Providence.  He  possessed  in  a  high  degree  those  ster- 
ling qualities  which  insure  success  —  business  sagacity,  power  of 
mental  concentration,  a  sound  moral  character,  and  unfailing 
courtesy.  On  Dec.  9,  1910,  the  community  was  shocked  to  learn 
that  early  in  the  morning  while  duck-hunting,  he  had  been  drowned 
in  the  icy  waters  of  Bristol  harbor.  Funeral  services  were  held  in 
the  church  of  his  native  village  attended  by  a  large  circle  of  friends 
and  he  was  buried  in  the  family  lot  beside  his  father,  an  honored 
veteran  of  the  Civil  War. 

BUFFINTON,  JOHN  ALLEN,  was  the  son  of  Benjamin  Buffin- 
ton  and  Mary  Mason  of  Swansea,  Mass.  He  was  born  in  Warren, 
R.I.,  Jan.  24,  1810,  and  reared  and  educated  in  Swansea.  He 
learned  the  mason's  trade  and  followed  it  in  Providence,  Fall 
River,  and  Newport.  Later  in  life  he  became  a  resident  of  Milford, 
Mass.,  where  he  lived  until  1857.  He  then  removed  to  South  Re- 
hoboth,  Mass.  Here  he  carried  on  farming  on  the  Bosworth 
homestead,  known  as  Stone  Cottage. 

He  had  married  Ann  Eliza  Winsor  Cousins  Bosworth,  born  Aug. 
7,  1815,  in  Smithfield,  R.I.,  daughter  of  Peleg  Bosworth  2d,  and 
his  wife  Susannah  Rounds.  To  them  were  born  children  as  follows: 
John  Murray  who  died  in  infancy:  John  Murray  2d,  bom  April 
1,  1839;  Frank,  born  Feb.  9, 1841;  Dunbar  Harris,  Walter  Smith 
and  Allen  Mason. 

Mrs.  Buffinton  was  a  direct  descendant  in  the  eighth  generation 
of  Edward  Bosworth,  who  with  his  wife  Mary  embarked  for  New 
England  on  the  ship  ''Elizabeth  and  Dorcas"  in  1634.  He,  how- 
ever, died  as  the  vessel  was  nearing  the  port.  His  remains  were 
interred  in  Boston. 

Mr.  BuflSntoH,  originally  a  Democrat,  became  a  Republican 
with  strong  anti-slavery  principles,  retaining  to  the  last  an  active 
interest  in  public  affairs. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Buffinton  were  members  of  the  First  Universalist 
Church  of  Providence.  Later  they  became  closely  identified  with 
the  Universalist  Society  of  Swansea,  in  which  they  were  deeply 
interested.  Mr.  Buffinton  died  at  his  residence.  Stone  Cottage, 
Aug.  22,  1893,  and  Mrs.  Buffinton  on  Dec.  19,  1902. 

BUFFINTON,  JOHN  MURRAY,  son  of  John  Allen  and  Ann 
Eliza  Winsor  Cousins  (Bosworth)  Buffinton,  was  bom  April  1, 
1839,  in  Providence,  R.L  He  attended  the  public  schools  of  Re- 
hoboth,  the  Seekonk  (Mass.)  Academy,  and  the  High  School  of 
Milford,  Mass.  At  eighteen  he  was  apprenticed  to  Sackett,  Davb 
&  Co.  of  Providence,  manufacturing  jewelers,  and  entered  upon 
the  business  in  which  he  has  continued  to  the  present  time.  In 
1869  Mr.  Buffinton  went  into  partnership  with  Col.  Isaac  M.  Pot- 
ter, with  whom  he  remained  until  the  death  of  the  latter  in  1902. 
He  then  formed  a  corporation  under  the  name  of  the  Potter  & 
Buffinton  Company  (Inc.),  of  which  he  is  president. 

22 


338  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

Mr.  BufBnton  represented  Providence  in  the  lower  house  of  the 
State  Assembly  in  1888-9.  For  a  number  of  years  he  was  a  direc- 
tor in  the  Roger  Williams  National  Bank,  until  its  absorption  by 
the  Industrial  Trust  Company.  He  is  a  member  of  the  romham 
Club,  Providence  Central  Club,  and  charter  member  and  past 
master  of  Adelphoi  Lodge,  No.  33,  A.  F.  and  A.  M.,  also  a  member 
of  St.  John's  Commandery,  R.I.  For  many  years  he  was  president 
of  the  Society  of  the  First  .Universalist  Church,  and  for  over  a 
quarter  of  a  century  a  member  of  the  board  of  trustees. 

On  June  4,  1874,  Mr.  BufBnton  married  Helen  Augusta,  daugh- 
ter of  Henry  and  Ann  (Kilvert)  Carrique,  and  granddaughter  of 
Lieut.  Richard  and  Elizabeth  (Martin)  Carrique.  To  them  were 
bom  children  as  follows:  Anna  Carrique,  John  Allen,  Henry 
Kilvert  (deceased),  Henry  Carrique  (deceased),  and  Bertha  Au- 
gusta.   Mrs.  Buffinton  died  Oct.  25,  1911. 

Mr.  Buffinton  retains  as  his  summer  residence  the  old  Bosworth 
homestead.  Stone  Cottage,  in  Rehoboth,  and  while  his  business 
activities  are  centered  in  Providence,  has  never  ceased  to  be  in- 
terested in  the  welfare  of  the  old  town. 

BULLOCK,  JUDGE  STEPHEN,  son  of  Samuel  and  Anna  (Bos- 
worth) Bullock,  was  born  in  1735.  His  descent  from  Richard 
Bullock,  one  of  the  earliest  Rehoboth  proprietors,  is  as  follows: 
Richard,^  Samuel,'  Ebenezer,'  Samuel,^  Stephen.*  He  married 
Oct.  30,  1760,  Mary  Horton,  daughter  of  Hezekiah  Horton  of 
Rehoboth,  and  resided  near  Burial  Place  Hill.  He  was  one  of  the 
most  prominent  men  of  his  day,  a  captain  in  the  War  of  the  Rev- 
olution, a  representative  to  the  General  Court  in  1782-6,  and  in 
1796  was  representative  to  Congress;  in  1797-8,  a  member  of  the 
convention  appointed  to  form  the  State  Constitution,  and  also 
judge  of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas. 

Judge  Bullock  was  a  man  of  sound  judgment,  retentive  memory 
and  genuine  piety.  He  had  ten  children,  sixty-seven  grandchildren, 
and  two  hundred  and  four  great-grandchildren.  Among  his  de- 
scendants are  Darius  Goff  of  Pawtucket,  Ex-Governor  John  W. 
Davis  of  Rhode  Island,  Albert  C.  Mason  of  Franklin,  Mass.,  and 
Hon.  George  N.  Goff. 

He  died  Feb.  2, 1816,  aged  81  years.  Mary,  his  wife,  died  Aug. 
29,  1830,  aged  92  years.    They  are  buried  at  "Burial  Place  Hill.^' 

BULLOCKi  WILLIAM  DEXTER^  civil  engineer;  bom  in  Re- 
hoboth, Mass.,  April  17,  1850;  son  of  William  K.  and  Hannah  G. 
(Carpenter)  Bullock,  descendant  on  both  sides  of  family,  of  early 
settlers  of  Rehoboth;  graduated  Warren  (Rhode  Island)  High 
School,  1869;  A.B.  Union  College,  1871.  Married,  1st,  Annie  A. 
Taft  of  Pawtucket,  R.I.,  Oct.  15,  1879  (died  October,  1899);  2d, 
Florence  S.  Clapp  of  Providence,  R.I.,  Feb.  26,  1902;  two  children: 
Anna  Carpenter,  William  Clapp.    Connected  with  survey  of  Dela*^ 


WM.M.VM    I),    ltd. LOCK.   Civil  Kjirfin 


(iov.  JOHN   W.   DAVIS 


BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES  339 

ware,  Lackawanna  &  Western  Ry.,  1871;  with  city  engineer,  Low- 
ell, Mass.,  1871-2;  on  Northern  Pacific  Ry.  surveys  in  Washington, 
1872;  in  city  engineer  office,  Providence,  since  1873;  chief  en- 
gineer of  State  Harbor  Improvement  Commission,  since  June,  1911 ; 
member  Rhode  Island  House  of  Representatives,  1886;  member 
American  Society  (yivil  Engineers,  Boston  Society  Civil  Engineers, 
National  (Geographic  Society.  Republican.  Protestant.  Club: 
Congregational  (Rhode  Island).  Home,  76  Kcene  Street;  office. 
City  Ilall,  Providence,  R.I. 

CARPENTER,  BENONI,  M.D.,  son  of  Caleb  and  Hannah 
(George)  Carpenter  and  grandson  of  "Capt."  Caleb,  a  Revolution- 
ary soKlicr,  WHS  born  March  12,  1805,  in  Rchoboth  (so  BHss  and 
**Vital  Record,"  but  see  Newman's  **Rehoboth  in  the  Past,"  p. 
89).  He  graduated  at  Brown  University  1829;  M.D.  at  Jefferson 
Medical  College,  Philadelphia,  1832;  married  Adeline  Everett  of 
Wrenthani,  June  4,  1833;  practiced  medicine  in  Rehoboth,  See- 
konk.  North  Attleborough,  and  after  1860  in  Pawtucket,  where 
he  died  Nov.  24,  1877,  aged  72.  He  represented  the  town  at  differ- 
ent times  in  both  branches  of  the  I>egisiature.  During  the  Civil  War 
he  w{is  .surgeon  in  one  of  the  Rhode  Island  regiments. 

CARPENTER,  DR.  DARIUS,  son  of  Daniel  Carpenter,  was  born 
in  Rehoboth  (Seekonk)  Oct.  4,  1783;  studied  medicine  with  Dr. 
George  A.  Bolton  of  Seekonk.  Commenced  practice  there  in  1816; 
married  Anna  Carpenter  of  Seekonk,  Nov.  9,  1817.  Died  of  con- 
sumption July  10,  1833. 

CARPENTER,  DRAPER,  M.D.,  son  of  Daniel  and  brother  of 
Dr.  Darius  Carpenter,  wjis  born  in  Rehoboth,  Dec.  30,  1791; 
married  Caroline  Bassett,  Sept.  11,  1837;  graduated  from  Brown 
University  in  1821,  and  received  a  medical  diploma  from  the  same 
institution  in  1824.    Commenced  i)ractice  in  Pawtucket  in  1827. 

CARPENTER,  ROYAL,  M.D.,  son  of  Caleb  and  Elizabeth  (Bul- 
lock) Carpenter,  both  of  Rehoboth,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  May 
17,  1778;  married  Elvira  Wheeler,  June  1,  1834;  graduated  at 
Brown  University  in  1805;  studied  medicine  with  Dr.  Isaac  Fowler 
of  Rehoboth,  whom  he  succeeded  in  1808,  and  practiced  medicine 
in  his  native  town  till  his  death,  May  23,  1849.  For  many  years 
he  lived  in  the  same  house  Dr.  Fowler  had  occupied,  known  as  the 
**Aldrich  house,**  on  the  corner  opposite  the  Otis  Thompson  par- 
sonage and  about  fifty  rods  from  the  **old  red  school-house." 
Here  his  son,  DeWitt  C,  was  born.  On  his  gravestone  the  fol- 
lowing words  are  inscribed:  "The  tears  and  lamentings  of  the 
afflicted,  but  especially  of  the  suffering  poor  who  never  sought  his 
aid  in  vain,  will  be  a  more  lasting  tribute  to  his  memory  and  vir- 
tues than  any  epitaph  of  his  friends." 


340  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

CARPENTER,  COL.  THOMAS,  also  designated  as  Thomas 
Carpenter  3d,  was  bom  in  Rehoboth  Oct.  25,  1733.  He  was  the 
son  of  Thomas  and  Mary  (Barstow)  Carpenter.  He  married 
Elizabeth  Moulton  of  Rehoboth,  Dec.  26,  1754.  They  had  twelve 
children,  several  of  whom  died  young.  He  lived  on  the  Bay  State 
Road,  nearly  opposite  the  town  house,  on  the  farm  now  owned  by 
George  Nichols.  He  was  prominent  in  town  affairs,  and  in  the 
Revolutionary  War  commanded  a  regiment  which  included  many 
Rehoboth  men.  He  was  on  duty  at  White  Plains,  N.Y.,  and  for 
several  months  was  stationed  on  Rhode  Island.  He  was  a  firm 
patriot  and  was  opposed  to  Shays'  Rebellion.  He  was  a  man  of 
large  size  and  mental  capacity  and  highly  esteemed.  He  became 
an  extensive  owner  of  real  estate,  and  in  1784  purchased  of  Abra- 
ham and  Eleazer  Bliss,  sons  of  Abraham  (1697-1787),  their  prop- 
erty at  ''Bliss's  Mill,"  since  known  as  Rehoboth  Village.  On  this 
privilege,  where  the  Blisses  had  operated  a  grist-mill  and  saw-mill, 
four  sons  of  Col.  Carpenter  in  1809  built  the  Village  Factory.  They 
were  James,  Thomas,  Stephen  and  Peter.  Their  father  is  said  to 
have  given  each  of  them  a  farm :  to  James  he  gave  the  homestead 
at  the  mill,  afterwards  owned  by  William  Marvel  and  his  descend- 
ants; to  Thomas  he  gave  the  home  on  Carpenter  Street,  which 
descended  to  his  son  Christopher  and  his  granddaughter  Delight 
R.,  who  married  Harvey  G.  Reed  3d  of  Taunton.  The  property 
b  now  owned  by  W.  B.  H.  Dowse.  To  Stephen  he  gave  the  so- 
called  ''Carpenter  Homestead,"  located  on  the  Bay  State  Road, 
opposite  the  Grange  Hall,  and  still  occupied  by  his  descendants. 
To  Peter  he  gave  his  own  home  place,  where  Peter's  four  daughters 
were  bom:  Caroline,  who  married  Dea.  Asaph  Carpenter;  Nancy, 
who  married  Col.  Cyrus  M.  Wheaton;  Rosella,  who  married 
James  Perry;  and  Alice,  who  married  Bradford  Horton.  Col. 
Carpenter  died  April  26,  1807. 

CARPENTER,  WH^LIAM  BLANDING,  A3.,  son  of  Phanuel 
and  Lucy  (Blanding)  Carpenter,  was  born  in  Rehoboth  (Seekonk) 
Aug.  15,  1809;  graduated  from  Brown  University  in  1829  with 
salutatory  addresses;  studied  medicine  with  Dr.  Usher  Parsons 
of  Providence;  died  Jan.  3, 1830.    Was  a  student  of  great  promise. 

CHURCH,  CAPTAIN  BENJAMIN,  was  born  at  Duxbury, 
Mass.,  in  1639,  and  died  at  Little  Compton,  R.I.,  Jan.  17,  1718 
(new  style),  in  the  78th  year  of  his  age.  He  was  the  son  of  Richard 
and  Elizabeth  (Warren)  Church.  Richard  was  a  freeman  of  Plym- 
outh Colony,  and  fought  in  the  Pcquot  War  in  1637,  with  the  rank 
of  sergeant.  Benjamin  married  Miss  Alice  Southworth  and  had 
five  sons  and  a  daughter.  He  was  at  first  a  noted  scout  and  after- 
wards a  brave  captain  in  King  Philip's  War.  He  was  later  sent 
on  several  expeditions  against  the  eastern  Indians,  first  as  major 
and  then  as  colonel.    In  about  1702  it  seems  that  he  held  the  office 


BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES  341 

of  lieut.-colonel  in  the  1st  regiment  of  the  Bristol  Co.  Militia, 
although  there  is  no  roster  of  the  Militia  of  that  period  in  the  state 
archives.  He  died  from  the  effects  of  being  thrown  from  a  horse. 
The  inscription  on  his  gravestone  at  Little  Compton  is  as  follows: 

"Here  lieth  interred  the  body 

of  the  Honorable 

Col.  Benjamin  Church,  Esq. 

who  departed  this  life 

January  the  17.  1717-18 

in  the  78th  year  of  his  age/' 

Church's  "History  of  Philip's  War"  was  published  in  1816.  It 
was  dictated  by  the  aged  veteran  to  his  son  Thomas,  who  was  his 
amanuensis.  As  he  had  a  prominent  part  in  the  events  he  de- 
scribes, his  story,  although  diffusive,  is  vivid  and  realistic.  He  had 
special  qualifications  as  afighter  of  Indians,  being  brave,  alert,  and 
familiar  with  their  methods  of  warfare. 

COLE,  DANFORTH  LUTHER,  son  of  William,  born  in  Reho- 
both,  Jan.  29,  1834;  married  June  11,  1862,  Adaline  M.  Tallman. 
Mr.  Cole  was  by  trade  a  carpenter  and  became  a  well-known  con- 
tractor and  builder  in  the  city  of  Providence,  the  business  being 
conducted  under  the  name  of  Glover  &  Cole.  The  Conrad  Build- 
ing, the  Atlantic  Mill,  and  the  Dimond  Block  were  erected  by  this 
firm.  Mr.  Cole  was  a  member  of  Unity  Lodge,  I.  O.  of  Odd  Fel- 
lows, and  highly  respected  for  his  integrity.  He  retired  early  from 
business  and  died  Nov.  1,  1900,  leaving  two  children,  Martha  A. 
and  Frank  W.,  who,  with  their  mother,  removed  in  1907  to  the 
ancestral  homestead  in  Rehoboth. 

COLE,  FRANK  WILLIAM,  son  of  the  former,  born  in  Prov- 
idence, R.I.,  April  8,  1863.  He  chose  civil-engineering  and  sur- 
veying for  his  profession  and  entered  on  his  work  with  every  pros- 
pect of  success,  but  an  attractive  business  career  opening,  he 
changed  his  plan  and  engaged  in  teaming  on  a  large  scale  in  the 
city  of  Providence,  R.I.,  doing  a  business  of  $40,000  a  year,  with 
fifty  horses  at  work.  In  1907,  after  twenty  years  of  business,  he 
retired  to  the  Cole  farm  in  Rehoboth.  Here  in  addition  to  tilling 
the  soil  he  has  done  some  excellent  work  in  surveying  and  drafting. 
His  plot  of  the  Village  Cemetery  is  a  fine  sample  of  his  industry 
and  skill. 

In  religion  Mr.  Cole  is  a  Unitarian  and  was  for  some  years  a 
prominent  member  of  the  Westminster  Unitarian  Church  in 
Providence.    He  is  a  member  of  the  Nestell  Lodge,  A.  F.  and  A.  M. 

The  Cole  lineage  is  traced  as  follows:  FranJc  William,*  Dan- 
forth  Luther,^  William,'  Aaron,*  born  at  the  Cole  homestead  Jan. 
8,  1758;  married  Alse  (or  Elsie)  Crossman  of  Taunton,  intention 
March  24, 1783;  died  Jan.  13, 1837.  Aaron,*  born  March  5, 1728; 
married  Huldah  Butterworth,  March  21»  1750;    built  the  Cole 


342  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTII 

homestead  in  1757;  died  April,  1799.  John,^  married  Meny 
Perry,  July  7,  1722,  and  settled  in  Rehoboth  near  the  present 
homestead.  John,'  born  March  6,  1760;  married  Mary  Lewis^; 
died  Dec.  13,  1746.  John,*  born  in  Yarmouth,  July  15,  1644; 
married  Ruth  Snow,  Dec.  10,  1660;   died  Jan.  6,  1725.    Daniel,^ 

born  1614;  married  Ruth ;  removed  from  Yarmouth,  Mass., 

to  Eastham  in  1643,  where  he  held  the  offices  of  constable  and 
selectman;  died  Dec.  21,  1694. 

COLE,  WILLIAM,  born  in  Rehoboth,  Nov.  26, 1784,  on  the  Cole 
homestead;  son  of  Aaron;  married  Jan.  25,  1824,  Alee  (Alice,  in 
Vital  Record)  Allen  Monroe.  He  was  a  ship  carpenter  by  trade 
and  worked  a  number  of  years  at  St.  John,  N.B.  He  was  a  captain 
of  infantry  in  the  war  of  1812.  He  and  his  wife  were  both  promi- 
nent workers  in  the  Irons  Free-Will  Baptist  church  at  Briggs 
Comer  in  which  he  held  the  office  of  deacon.  He  died  Nov.  27, 
1855,  aged  71.  His  widow,  a  woman  of  rare  worth,  survived  him 
for  many  years  and  died  Jan.  22,  1880,  aged  86. 

DAVIS,  ELISHA,  son  of  John  and  Nancy  (Peck)  Davis,  and 
brother  of  John  W.,  was  born  Nov.  27,  1831,  on  the  Davis  home- 
stead in  Rehoboth,  where  he  resided  until  his  death,  April  24, 1904. 
He  was  educated  in  the  public  schools;  became  a  practical  farmer 
and  a  much  respected  citizen.  He  was  for  many  years  one  of  the 
town's  selectmen,  and  in  1870  was  elected  to  represent  his  district, 
Berkley, Digh ton,  Rehoboth  and  Seekonk,  in  the  State  Legislature; 
besides  ,which  he  was  justice  of  the  peace,  and  was  employed  to 
settle  many  estates  in  probate. 

Mr.  Davis  married,  July  3,  1855,  Etherinda  Munroe  of  Reho- 
both, daughter  of  Burden  and  Lydia  (Baker)  Munroe,  a  woman  of 
rare  excellence.  They  had  issue:  Elisha  Thomas,  born  Sept.  1, 
1856;  Daniel  Everett,  born  Jan.  26,  1860;  died  September,  1900; 
Lydia  B.  D.  (Bixby),  born  Oct.  1,  1864. 

DAVIS,  JOHN  WILLIAM,  son  of  John  3d  and  Nancy  (Peck) 
Davis,  was  born  at  the  paternal  homestead  in  South  Rehoboth, 
March  7,  1826.  He  was  a  descendant  in  the  seventh  generation 
from  James  Davis  who  came  to  this  country  from  Marlborough, 
Wiltshire,  England,  in  1630,  and  settled  in  the  Massachusetts 
Bay  Colony,  and  the  family  were  among  the  early  settlers  in  Rhode 
Island  and  Southeastern  Massachusetts. 

Mr.  Davis  spent  the  first  eighteen  years  of  his  life  on  the  farm 
and  attended  the  public  schools  of  his  neighborhood.  In  1844  he 
left  home  to  learn  the  mason's  trade  in  Providence,  devoting  six 
years  to  that  occupation,  working  at  his  trade  in  the  Southern 
states  and  teaching  school  winters.  In  1850  he  opened  a  graiii 
store  on  South  Water  Street  in  Providence,  where  he  conducted 
a  successful  business  as  a  grain  and  flour  merchant  for  forty  years. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES  343 

closing  his  active  mercantile  life  in  1890.  His  business  career  was 
marked  by  vigorous  energy  and  straightforward,  honest  dealing. 
In  politics  he  was  a  Democrat  and  deeply  interested  in  the  affairs 
of  the  town,  state  and  nation.  He  was  appointed  by  President 
Cleveland  in  1886,  appraiser  of  foreign  merchandise  for  the  Rhode 
Island  National  Customs  District.  In  1887  he  was  elected  Gover- 
nor of  Rhode  Island,  and  again  in  1890.  While  in  office  he  secured 
im|>ortant  reforms  and  the  establishment  of  the  Rhode  Island 
College  of  Agriculture  and  Mechanic  Arts.  He  represented  his 
adopted  city,  Pawtucket,  in  the  State  Senate  in  the  years  1885, 
1886  and  1890.  Mr.  Davis,  while  not  a  fluent  speaker,  was  a  man 
of  large,  round-about  sense.  His  convictions  were  strong  and  his 
expression  of  them  open  and  candid.  He  was  of  the  common 
people,  and  they  appreciated  his  worth,  and  Rehoboth  is  honored 
by  his  illustrious  career.    He  died  Jan.  25,  1907. 

Mr.  Davis  married  (1)  Lydia  Wilbur  Kenyon  of  Hopkinton, 
R.I.,  Sept.  18,  1855,  who  died  April  28,  1859.  One  child,  Annie 
Elma,  died  in  infancy.  (2)  Emily  Potter  Goff  of  Providence,  R.I., 
who  died  July  11,  1885.  Three  children:  Frank  Ellsbree,  born 
July  29,  1866,  died  Oct.  23,  1880;  Annie  Elizabeth,  born  Oct.  22, 
1868;  Mary  Emily,  born  July  18, 1870,  married  Erving  Y.  Woolley, 
Oct.  12,  1897.  (3)  Martha  P.  Pierce  of  New  York,  Feb.  18,  1895, 
died  in  Charleston,  S.C,  May  10,  1902. 

ELLIS,  HON.  JAMES,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  son  of  the  Rev. 
John  Ellis,  pastor  of  the  Newman  Congregational  Church;  grad- 
uated at  IJrown  University  1791.  Commenced  the  practice  of 
law  in  Relioboth  (now  Seekonk) ;  removed  to  Taunton  and  held 
the  office  of  County  Attorney.  Married  Martha  Bridgham  of 
Rehoboth,  Oct.  14,  1794. 

FOWLER,  ISAAC,  M.D.,  a  prominent  physician  in  Rehoboth 
before  and  at  the  beginning  of  the  nineteenth  century,  was  bom 
Aug.  3,  1760,  probably  at  Northbridge  (at  that  time  Uxbridge), 
as  several  of  his  brothers  lived  there  and  most  of  the  Doctor's 
medical  students  came  from  Worcester  County.  He  married, 
March  30,  1786,  Vashti,  daughter  of  Deacon  John  Brown  of  Re- 
hoboth. They  had  twelve  children.  Their  daughter  Julia  married 
John  B.  Marvel  of  Dighton  who  communicated  to  the  writer  most 
of  the  facts  in  this  sketch.  Among  the  youn^  men  who  studied 
with  him  was  Dr.  Royal  Carpenter,  who  lived  m  his  family  at  the 
time  of  his  death  and  succeeded  him  in  his  practice. 

Dr.  Fowler  was  enthusiastic  in  his  profession.  When  an  epi- 
demic of  small-pox  broke  out  in  the  community  and  no  one 
could  be  found  to  care  for  the  sick,  and  vaccination  was  new  and 
suspected,  he  showed  his  own  faith  in  it  by  vaccinating  one  of  his 
elder  daughters  and  taking  her  to  the  hospital  to  care  for  his 
patients.    His  medicine  chest  with  its  multitude  of  little  drawers 


344  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

was  a  miniature  drug-shop.  Dr.  Fowler  was  an  active  Free  Mason 
and  master  of  a  lodge  at  the  time  of  his  death.  The  fraternity  had 
a  memorial  printed  on  white  satin,  of  which  the  following  b  a  copy: 

"Sacred  to  the  Memory 

of 

Dr.  Isaac  Fowler 

Who  died 

March  8th,  A.  D.  1808 

In  the  49th  year  of  his  age. 

He  was  eminent  in  his  profession 

And  highly  esteemed 

For  his  humanity  and  benevolence." 

The  manner  of  his  death  was  peculiar.  One  day  Cromwell 
Bliss,  whose  horse  was  young  and  spirited,  was  going  to  a  funeral 
and  asked  Dr.  Fowler  to  exchange  horses  with  him  for  the  day, 
which  he  did.  (In  those  days  people  usually  rode  on  horseback.) 
Coming  home  late  in  the  afternoon  from  a  visit  near  Oak  Swamp, 
he  overtook  Mr.  Bliss  at  the  top  of  a  hill  not  far  from  the  Galen 
Nichols  place,  and  invited  him  to  ride  behind.  As  his  feet  touched 
the  horse's  sides,  he  became  frightened  and  ran  down  the  hill. 
Mr.  Bliss  slipped  o£F  and  soon  the  Doctor  was  thrown,  striking  on 
hb  head  and  fracturing  his  skull.    A  trepanning  operation  was 

Erformed,  but  without  success,  and  he  died  on  the  third  day, 
tving  a  widow  and  twelve  children.  Mrs.  Fowler  was  a  very 
amiable  and  capable  woman  and  brought  up  her  numerous  family 
in  a  most  creditable  manner.  Dr.  Fowler  died  March  8,  1806,  in 
his  forty-eighth  year  (Aug.  3,  ITGQ-March  8,  1808).  Mrs.  Fowler 
died  April  18,  1832,  in  her  sixty-sixth  year. 

FOWLER9  SAMUEL  METCALF9  son  of  Dr.  Isaac  and  Vashti 
(Brown)  Fowler,  was  born  in  Rehoboth,  Sept.  13,  1805,  one  of 
twelve  children.  His  education  was  limited.  He  learned  the 
printer's  trade  in  Providence  and  early  evinced  special  talent  for 
newspaper  work,  putting  his  thoughts  directly  into  type.  Bliss, 
who  compares  his  style  to  that  of  Junius,  says  of  him:  **Hb  fancy 
was  sprightly  and  fertile,  his  thoughts  luminous,  and  his  language 
forcible  and  appropriate."  Although  his  sarcasm  was  often  keen 
and  bitter,  he  had  many  friends  who  recognized  his  brilliant  gifts. 
He  was  for  several  years  editor  and  proprietor  of  the  Pateitickel 
Chronicle^  *'which  he  conducted  with  ^at  ability  and  spirit." 
He  died  of  consumption,  Aug.  26, 1832,  m  his  twenty-eighth  year. 

FROST9  WALTER  BLISS9  now  of  Providence,  but  formerly  of 
Rehoboth,  is  a  direct  descendant  of  two  old  colonial  families. 
Elder  Edmund  Frost  settled  in  Cambridge  in  1635.  Thomas  Bliss 
settled  in  Weymouth,  Mass.,  in  1636,  and  became  one  of  the 
founders  of  Rehoboth  in  1643.  Walter  Bliss  Frost  is  doubly 
descended  from  this  Bliss  pioneer,  his  grandfather,  George  Bliss, 


BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES  346 

son  of  Dr.  James  Bliss,  having  married  Lois,  the  daughter  of  Dea- 
con Asahel  Bliss.  Mr.  Frost's  mother,  Lois  Maria  Bliss,  as  a 
school  teacher  in  Rhode  Island,  met  and  married  William  Frede- 
rick Frost,  son  of  William  R.  Frost,  a  prominent  manufacturing 
jeweler  of  Pawtucket. 

Walter  Bliss  Frost  was  the  youngest  of  four  children.  He  was 
bom  in  Providence,  Aug.  24,  1852.  His  parents  died  during  his 
infancy,  and  he  was  reared  to  manhood  on  the  farm  of  his  grand- 
father, George  Bliss,  in  Rehoboth.  At  the  age  of  twenty-two  he 
entered  school  at  the  East  Greenwich,  R.I.,  Academy.  He  pre- 
pared for  college  in  two  years,  and  passed  the  entrance  examma- 
tions  for  Brown  University  in  the  class  of  1880.  That  summer  he 
engaged  as  a  reporter  with  the  Providence  Evening  Press^  and  being 
twenty-four  years  old  he  concluded  not  to  go  to  college.  He  re- 
mained with  the  Providence  Press  Co.  for  nine  years,  serving  in 
all  positions  from  reporter  to  night  editor,  and  managing  editor  of 
the  Sunday  edition. 

In  October,  1885,  he  engaged  as  editor  of  The  Manufacturing 
Jeweler^  a  trade  paper  published  in  Providence  for  the  jewelry 
trade,  and  has  continued  in  that  position  until  now  (1918).  In 
1893  he  became  proprietor  of  the  paper,  which  is  an  important 
weekly  publication  of  national  and  mternational  scope. 

He  has  been  connected  as  a  member  and  officer  with  many  trade 
clubs  and  associations,  including  the  Rhode  Island  Press  Club, 
the  New  England  Trade  Press  Association,  the  National  fkiitorial 
Association,  and  others.  He  has  been  on  the  Providence  School 
Committee  continuously  since  1905,  and  is  chairman  of  the  com- 
mittee on  high  schools  and  a  member  of  the  executive  committee. 

When  a  boy  he  joined  Annawan  Lodge  of  Good  Templars, 
which  met  at  the  Village  Church  in  Rehoboth.  Later  in  life  he 
rejoined  the  order  in  Providence,  and  soon  rose  to  the  head  of  the 
Rhode  Island  Grand  Lodge.  In  1902  he  was  one  of  the  American 
delegates  to  the  international  convention  of  the  order  in  Sweden. 
On  that  same  visit  he  witnessed  the  coronation  procession  in  Lon- 
don on  the  occasion  of  the  crowning  of  King  Edward  VII. 

Mr.  Frost  has  been  an  extensive  traveler  in  this  country,  as 
well  as  in  Canada  and  Mexico.  He  has  owned  several  racing 
yachts,  and  is  a  member  and  ex-president  of  the  Washington  Park 
Yacht  Club.  He  owns  the  fast  "Medric  II**  which  has  won  scores 
of  cups  and  prizes.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  Turk's  Head  Club, 
the  Economic  Club,  and  the  Town  Criers. 

On  August  13,  1876,  Mr.  Frost  married  Alice  A.  Barber  of 
WindsorviUe,  Conn.,  and  they  have  two  sons,  Walter  Louis  Frost» 
a  lawyer  in  Providence,  and  Harry  Barber  Frost,  who  is  associated 
with  his  father  in  business. 

Walter  B.  Frost's  elder  brother,  Henry  Frederick,  enlisted  in  a 
New  York  regiment  in  1861,  at  the  age  of  sixteen,  died  in  Virginia 


346  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

on  Feb.  29,  1864,  and  is  buried  in  the  Village  Cemetery  at  Re- 
hoboth. 

GARDNER,  JOHNSON,  M.D.,  son  of  James  and  Susannah 
Gardner,  was  born  in  Ilehol>oth,  Nov.  22,  1799.  Ilia  course  at 
Brown  University  was  shortened  by  ill  health.  He  studied  med- 
icine with  Dr.  Lewis  Wheaton  of  Providence  and  received  the 
degree  of  M.D.  at  Brown  University  in  1826;  commenced  practice 
in  Pawtucket  in  the  same  year;  married,  June  8, 1829,  Phebe  Law- 
ton  Sisson,  only  child  of  Aaron  Sisson  of  Seekonk. 

GOFF,  CHARLES  BRADFORD,  was  a  direct  descendant  from 
Robert  Go£F  who  came  from  England  and  settled  in  Dighton, 
Mass.,  early  in  the  eighteenth  century.  The  line  of  descent  is: 
Robert,^  Enoch,*  born  in  1740,  became  a  preacher  and  died 
March  10,  1810,  aged  80  years;  Shubael,'  1761-1833;  Shubael,^ 
born  March  4,  1783;  known  as  ''Captain  Shubael";  married 
Sally  Briggs  Go£F  of  Rehoboth  and  lived  many  years  on  the  ''min- 
isterial place,"  where  they  brought  up  fifteen  children,  thirteen 
of  whom  lived  to  maturity.  He  died  Oct.  14,  1854,  and  his  wife 
''Aunt  Sally"  died  Nov.  4, 1855.  Shubael*  was  bom  in  Rehoboth, 
Aug.  31,  1808;  married  Elizabeth  Martin  Ripley  in  1833;  moved 
to  Fall  River  in  1836.  Charles  Bradford,*  the  subject  of  our 
sketch  and  son  of  Shubael,*  was  born  March  4,  1834,  in  Rehoboth. 

He  graduated  from  Brown  University  in  1856,  the  valedictorian 
of  his  class.  He  married,  Aug.  26,  1857,  Almira  J.  Bean,  in  Prov- 
idence, R.I.  Five  children  were  born  to  them,  of  whom  two  with 
their  mother  survive:  Robert  Remington,  a  teacher  in  the  Fall 
River  High  School  where  his  father  taught,  and  Mrs.  Jennie  Mar- 
tin, wife  of  Frederick  R.  Martin  of  Providence.  Mr.  Goff  (of 
Phi  Beta  Kappa  rank)  received  from  his  alma  mater  the  degree 
of  Ph.D.  He  was  a  trustee  of  Brown  for  ten  years  before  his  death. 
For  thirty-five  years  he  was  principal  of  the  classical  department 
in  the  "English  and  Classical  School"  in  Providence,  where  more 
than  two  thousand  pupils  came  under  his  influence.  He  was 
joined  by  William  A.  Mory  in  1864,  and  the  school  came  to  be 
popularly  known  as  "The  Mory  and  Goff  School."  Mr.  Mory  says 
of  his  colleague:  "His  teaching  was  always  thorough  and  correct 
and  his  discipline  easy  and  efficient." 

Mr.  Goff  died  Dec.  1,  1898.  No  better  epitaph  could  lye  written 
for  him  than  this:  "Charles  Bradford  Goff,  Teacher." 

» 

GOFFi  DARIUS,  a  pioneer  in  the  establishment  of  new  and  im- 

Ertant  manufacturing  industries  in  this  country,  was  born  in 
^oboth.  May  10,  1809.  He  was  the  son  of  Lieut.  Richard  and 
Mehitabel  (Bullock)  Goff.  His  father  was  a  manufacturer  and  in 
1790  built  a  fulling  and  cloth-dressing  mill  on  the  east  branch  of 
Palmer's  River,  furnishing  it  with  the  best  of  machinery.    His 


BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES  347 

mother  was  a  daughter  of  Hon.  Stephen  Bullock.  His  grand- 
father was  Joseph  Goff,  and  his  great-grandfather,  Richard,  who 
came  from  Barrington.  The  children  of  Lieut.  Richard  and 
Mehitabcl  Goff  were:  Richard,  Otis,  Horatio,  Patience,  Nelson, 
Darius  and  Mary  B. 

Darius  Goff  was  educated  at  home  and  in  the  common  schools. 
In  1809  the  Union  Manufacturing  Company  had  been  formed  at 
Rehoboth  Village,  in  which  the  elder  Goff  was  a  partner  whose 
task  was  to  color  the  yarns  to  be  made  into  cloth.  At  an  early 
age  Darius  entered  his  father's  factory  and  assisted  him  in  the 
coloring  department  until  1826,  when  he  served  six  years  as  clerk 
in  the  grocery  business  at  Fall  River  and  Providence.  Returning 
to  Rehoboth  in  1835-6,  he  and  his  brother  Nelson  bought  the  Union 
Cotton  Mill  for  $4,000,  and  began  to  manufacture  cotton  batting. 
Here  they  invented  the  apron  process  by  which  wadding  could  be 
made  in  an  endless  sheet  or  roll.  Mr.  Goff  also  became  mterested 
in  the  cotton  waste  business,  purchasing  the  waste  of  the  Lonsdale 
Cotton  Company  and  continuing  the  contract  for  many  years. 
In  1840  lie  formed  a  partncrshij)  witli  George  I^awton  of  Waltham 
and  commenced  dealing  in  waste  paper  stock  on  Gray's  wharf  in 
Boston.  About  this  time  Mr.  Goff  moved  to  Pawtucket.  In  1847 
he  erected  a  large  wadding-mill  near  the  railroad  station  and  made 
wadding  in  connection  with  the  paper  stock  business  in  Boston. 
In  1859  Goff  &  Lawton  dissolved,  the  latter  taking  the  Boston 
business.  Mr.  Goff  then  united  with  Cranston  &  Brownell  of 
Providence,  and  carried  on  a  general  business  in  paper  stock  and 
wadding.  In  1870  the  Union  Wadding  Company  was  formed 
and  its  output  increased  enormously.  The  plant  covers  many 
acres,  and  the  capital  stock  is  said  to  be  two  and  one-half  million 
dollars,  the  largest  wadding  plant  in  the  world,  with  Lyman  B. 
Goff,  treasurer.^ 

In  1861  Mr.  Goff  with  his  associates  commenced  the  manufac- 
ture of  worsted  braids,  then  a  new  industry  in  this  country.  After 
a  iiard  struggle  with  adverse  conditions,  the  business,  through  pro- 
tective legislation,  became  an  immense  and  flourishing  branch  of 
industry,  and  finally,  under  the  name  of  D.  Goff  &  Sons,  attained 
world-wide  fame,  verifying  the  familiar  ad.  of  early  days: 

"Goff's  Braid 

Is  the  Best  Made." 

Another  striking  achievement  of  Mr.  Goff  was  the  founding  of 
the  mohair  plush  mdustry  in  this  country.  Up  to  1882  no  plush 
goods  such  as  are  used  in  upholstering  car-seats,  etc.,  were  made 
in  America.  Mr.  Goff  determined  to  undertake  their  manufacture, 
and  sent  a  skilled  mechanic  to  France  and  Germany  to  learn  what 
he  could  about  the  business,  and  to  buy  needed  machinery.    But 

'In  1917  the  Company  was  AAAessed  on  its  reni  estate,  $498,420;  personal* 
$400,000. 


348  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

the  agent  could  do  nothing,  as  the  work  in  the  factories  was  car- 
ried on  with  the  utmost  secrecy.  Mr.  Goff  being  thus  thrown  back 
upon  his  own  inventive  resources,  pushed  forward  a  series  of  ex- 
periments behind  closed  doors  for  five  years,  when  behold!  he  had 
a  loom  which  would  produce  a  plush  fabric  as  fine  as  any  in  the 
world.  In  the  end  this  industry  proved  not  only  profitable  but 
added  to  the  prestige  of  American  manufactures. 

Another  textile  industry  instituted  by  Mr.  Goff  in  connection 
with  Mr.  Joseph  Ott  was  the  Royal  Weaving  Company,  whose 
factory  is  in  Central  Falls.  This  company  produces  cloth  for  coat- 
linings  of  fine,  imported  yarn. 

Mr.  Goff  was  not  only  a  wise  and  progressive  manufacturer  but 
an  honoured  citizen.  He  was  a  director  of  several  banks  and  com- 
panies and  in  1871  was  elected  State  Senator.  He  was  a  promi- 
nent member  of  the  Congregational  Church  and  gave  largely  for 
its  support.  When  in  1884  Mr.  Goff  was  asked  by  some  friends 
in  Rehoboth  to  aid  them  in  erecting  a  building  for  an  antic^uarian 
room,  library,  school,  and  hall,  he  responded  liberally,  giving  for 
that  purpose  the  Goff  homestead  lot  where  he  was  born  and  aiding 
the  enterprise  to  the  extent  of  $10,000,  which  more  than  dupli- 
cated the  amount  given  by  the  people  of  the  town,  and  so  the  first 
Goff  Memorial  was  built,  and  on  Mr.  Goff's  seventy-seventh 
birthday.  May  10,  1886,  was  dedicated. 

Mr.  Goff,  having  retained  the  use  of  his  strong  faculties  in  a 
remarkable  degree  to  the  last,  died  at  his  home  in  Pawtucket, 
April  14,  1891,  closing  a  career  of  great  usefulness  and  honor. 
The  National  Association  of  Wool  Manufacturers,  of  which  he 
was  a  member,  paid  earnest  tribute  to  him  for  his  ^'pre-eminent 
services  in  the  diversification  and  extension  of  the  wool  manufac- 
ture, to  his  high  character  as  a  man,  his  large  public  spirit,  his 
conscientious  discharge  of  every  obligation  to  society,  and  the 
earnest  devotion  to  principle  by  which  his  life  and  actions  were 
governed." 

Mr.  Goff  was  twice  married,  (1)  to  Sarah  Lee,  a  daughter  of 
Israel  Lee  of  Dighton,  and  (2)  to  Harriet  Lee,  her  sister,  by  whom 
he  had  three  children,  —  Darius  L.,  Lyman  B.,  and  Sarah  C, 
who  married  Thomas  Sedgwick  Steele  of  Hartford,  Conn. 

GOFF,  ELLERT  L.,  town  clerk,  son  of  George  L.  of  Rehoboth 
and  Harriet  N.  Reed  of  Taunton,  was  born  in  Taunton,  April  17, 
1858,  his  parents  soon  after  moving  to  Rehoboth,  where  he  was 
brought  up.  For  his  occupation,  Mr.  Goff  has  combined  insurance 
with  work  on  the  farm.  He  served  in  the  Massachusetts  Legis- 
lature in  1910-11;  was  chosen  secretary  of  the  Rehoboth  Anti- 
quarian Society,  March  12,  1902;  was  appointed  town  clerk, 
April  22,  1893,  in  which  office  he  has  served  till  the  present  time. 
He  married  Miss  Mary  E.  Tyrell,  Feb.  25,  1886.  They  have  one 
daughter,  Elsie,  born  July  12,  18i38,  who  married  Enoch  A.  Car- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES  349 

penter,  Feb.  2,  1909.    Of  these  a  son,  Ellery  Winsor  Carpenter, 
was  born  March  29,  1910. 

GOFF,  GEORGE  HIRAM,  was  the  son  of  Cromwell  and  Ruth 
(Goff)  GofT,  and  grandson  of  Abel  Goff.  He  was  born  on  the  home 
place,  Perryville  Road,  Sept.  27,  1830;  married  April  2,  1854, 
Hannah  (Cook)  Lilley  of  Providence,  R.I.  She  was  born  Dec.  6, 
1834,  and  died  Dec.  6,  1905.  He  spent  his  life  in  Rehoboth  with 
the  exception  of  three  years  in  Mansfield,  Mass.,  and  two  years 
in  Davenport,  Iowa.  He  was  a  prosperous  farmer,  constantly  im- 
proving his  land  and  premises.  He  gave  generously  to  the  needy, 
but  without  ostentation.    He  had  three  children: 

Arthur  Cromwell,  born  in  Rehoboth,  Sept.  8, 1859;  married  Carrie 
F.  Goff,  Aug.  13,  1882.  Two  children:  Lizzie  May  and  Har- 
old Arthur. 

George  Dwyer,  born  in  Davenport,  Iowa,  Jan.  28,  1864;  married 
(1)  Lizzie  M.  Thompson,  Nov.  18,  1886,  who  died  April  24, 
1894;  (2)  Julia  A.  French  of  Pawtucket.  Three  children: 
Marion  French,  George  Dana,  and  Doris  R.  died  July  4, 1906. 

Lizzie  Mason,  born  April  17,  1874,  and  died  Sept.  7,  1877. 

Mr.  Goff  died  Nov.  30,  1900. 

GOFF,  HON.  GEORGE  NELSON,  a  descendant  from  Thomas 
Goff,  the  first  Deputy-Governor  of  Massachusetts,  sworn  into 
office  with  Governor  Craddock,  March  23,  1628.  The  first  GoflF 
to  be  made  a  freeman  by  the  General  Court  was  one  John,  May 
18,  1631.  But  the  first  Golf  mentioned  in  the  Vital  Record  of 
Rehoboth  was  Richard,  who  married  Martha  Toogood,  both  of 
Swansea,^  Mass.,  July  19,  1722.  Their  son  Joseph,  born  Dec.  12, 
1725,  married  Patience  Thurber,  October,  1748.  They  resided 
on  the  Thurber  farm,  now  known  as  the  Goff  homestead,  a  well- 
known  hostelry  in  Revolutionary  days,  where  the  Goff  Memorial 
now  stands.  They  lived  together  seventy  years  and  had  fourteen 
children,  one  of  whom,  Richard,  was  born  in  1749,  and  married 
Mehitabcl  Bullock,  daughter  of  Stephen  Bullock,  Esq.,  June  11, 
1795.  They  had  seven  children.  One  of  these.  Nelson,  was  born 
May  5,  1804;  married  Alice  Lake,  April  20, 1837.  Their  only  son, 
George  Nelson,  was  born  in  1837;  married  Julia  Bishop  Horton, 
June  2.  1858.  She  died  March  30,  1914.  They  had  two  children: 
Albert  C,  born  Dec.  6,  1858,  and  Alice  Augusta,  born  Oct.  19, 
1866;  died  Dec.  9,  1913.  Albert  C.  married  (1)  Anna  E.  Carpen- 
ter, Dec.  22,  1886,  and  (2)  Lizzie  M.  Carpenter,  May  1,  1890. 
They  have  four  children:  Clinton  Nelson,  bom  Feb.  10,  1893; 
Annie  Carpenter,  born  June  25,  1895;  Eleanor  Elizabeth,  bom 
Oct.  7,  1901;  Roval  Bishop,  born  June  23,  1907.  Three  genera- 
tions of  this  family  have  been  prominent  in  manufactures  at  Re- 
hoboth Village  (see  sketch  of  Darius  Goff).    George  Nelson  has 

^  Barriogton  in  Vital  Record. 


350  HISTORY  OF  REHOBOTH 

always  resided  on  the  paternal  homestead  and  has  carried  on  the 
farm  in  connection  witli  his  son.  He  was  an  officer  in  the  Con- 
gregational Society  for  more  than  forty  years,  and  is  president  of 
the  Rehoboth  Antiquarian  Society  and  member  of  the  Old  Colony 
Historical  Society.  He  has  a  predilection  for  politics;  has  held 
various  town  offices  and  represented  the  tenth  Bristol  district  in 
the  legislature  in  1885,  and  was  state  senator  in  1903-4.  He  is 
a  staunch  Republican,  and  his  influence  in  determining  the  can- 
didates for  town,  state  and  even  national  honors  has  been  potent. 
For  many  years  he  has  l>een  the  center  of  a  group  of  high  officials, 
meeting  at  his  home  or  at  the  annual  clam-bake,  to  plan  the  party 
campaigns,  causing  his  name  to  be  well-known  throughout  Bristol 
County  and  even  beyond  its  limits.  In  1858  he  was  agent  for 
the  first  horse  pitch-fork  in  New  England,  invented  by  Charles  E. 
Gladding  of  Pennsylvania. 

GOFF,  HAROLD  ARTHUR,  is  the  son  of  Arthur  C.  and  Carrie 
F.  Goff,  and  grandson  of  George  Hiram  and  Hannah  C.  Goff.  He 
was  born  in  Rehoboth,  Jan.  18,  1887.  He  attended  the  public 
schools  of  the  town  and  graduated  at  the  Bryant  and  Stratton 
Business  College  in  June,  1904.  He  married,  June  11,  1913,  Annie 
Rothermel  of  Berkley,  Mass.  He  resides  on  the  home  farm,  which 
he  carries  on  in  connection  with  his  father.  They  built  their  new 
and  commodious  house  in  1904.  Mr.  Go(T  is  a  meml>er  of  the  Ris- 
ing Sun  Lodge,  No.  30,  A.  F.  and  A.M.,  of  East  Providence,  R.I., 
also  a  past  master  of  Annawan  Grange  of  Rehoboth,  and  was 
appointed  a  deputy  of  the  Massachusetts  State  Grange,  June  I, 
1914. 

GOFF,  ISAAC  C,  D.D.,  was  the  son  of  James,  of  Nathan,  of 
Constant,  etc.  "I  was  born,"  he  writes,  **in  a  house  nearly  central 
I  should  say  in  the  township,  about  one  mile  from  Rehoboth  Vil- 
lage and  on  the  east  side  of  the  turnpike  leading  from  Providence  to 
Taunton,  on  the  28th  of  Octol)er,  1808,  and  resided  in  the  same 
house  until  September,  1820,  when  the  family'  removed  to  Genesee 
County  in  New  York.  Although  I  was  but  twelve  years  old  at  the 
time  of  the  removal,  I  had  worked  out  two  summers,  and  at  the 
same  place.  I  worked  for  Elijah  Bliss,  my  father's  nearest  neigh- 
lM)r,  for  $4.00  per  month  the  first,  and  $5.00  for  the  second  year. 
It  was  a  good  place,  plenty  of  hard  work,  good  fare,  and  kind 
treatment.  I  rememl)er  the  following  families  then  living  in  the 
town,  and  as  ranging  in  numerical  importance  about  like  this: 
Carpenters,  Blisses,  Goff  s,  Cases,  Pecks,  Bowens,  Keltons,  Hortons^ 
Lewises,  Wheelers,  Perrys,  Davises  and  Bosworths.  With  at 
least  eight  of  these  families,  the  Goff  family  was  connected  by 
intermarriage.  There  was  neither  father  nor  husband  in  any  of 
these  families  who  was  a  dnmkard,  profane,  or  a  Snbbath  breaker.** 

When  Mr.  Goff  was  sixteiMi  years  old  he  made  a  profession  of 


IIAUUUI  MlTllUll  IIOKF 


BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES  351 

faith  in  Christ,  and  believing  that  he  was  called  of  God  to  preach 
the  Gospel,  he  soon  began  to  prepare  for  his  great  life-work  in 
which  he  continued  until  he  had  reached  the  ripe  age  of  seventy- 
eight.  He  had  a  singularly  pious  ancestry.  Not  only  his  father* 
James  Goff,  but  his  grandfather,  Nathan,  was  a  devout  man.  He 
was  ordained  at  Royalton,  N.Y.,  in  September,  1827.  For  a 
time  he  labored  as  an  evangelist,  and  after  pastorates  in  New  York 
and  Illinois,  he  was  for  twenty-nine  years  pastor  of  the  Christian 
Church  at  Irving,  N.J.  He  was  an  able  preacher,  and  a  man  of 
strong  and  symmetrical  character.  He  was  at  one  time  president 
of  the  Biblical  Institute  at  Stanfordville,  N.Y.,  and  a  permanent 
member  of  its  executive  committee.  He  died  in  December,  1886, 
in  his  seventy-ninth  year. 

Deprived  of  the  advantages  of  a  liberal  education  in  youth, 
he  nevertheless  read  and  assimilated  vast  stores  of  knowledge. 
His  children  were  Frederick,  Lizzie,  James,  Oliver,  Mary  and 
Helen.  A  fine  crayon  portrait  of  him  was  presented  to  the  Reho- 
botli  Antiquarian  Society  by  his  daughters,  which  now  hangs  in 
the  Blanding  Library. 

GpFF,  ISAAC  LEWIS,  financier,  son  of  David  Fish  Goff  and 
Clarissa  Dean  (Stacy)  Goff,  was  born  in  Taunton,  Mass.,  Aug. 
29, 1852.  He  spent  his  early  life  on  his  father's  farm  in  Rehoboth, 
in  the  Long  Hill  neighborhood,  where  he  received  a  common 
school  education.  At  the  age  of  sixteen  he  took  the  course  in  the 
Bryant  and  Stratton  Business  College  in  Providence.  After  holding 
several  positions,  he  entered  the  real  estate  office  of  Wm.  D.  Pierce 
in  that  city  where  he  remained  about  four  years.  He  then  estab- 
lished a  real  estate  and  insurance  business  of  his  own.  He  began  the 
vast  enterprise  of  building  up  Washington  Park  in  1891,  and  saw  it 
grow  from  a  sing